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Results 451 - 500 of 834
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Park Mikyung - - 2009
In 2006, the Korea Food and Drug Administration reported that combinations of dietary colors such as allura red AC (R40), tartrazine (Y4), sunset yellow FCF (Y5), amaranth (R2), and brilliant blue FCF (B1) are widely used in food manufacturing. Although individual tar food colors are controlled based on acceptable daily ...
Fuchizawa Ikufumi - - 2009
We developed a new method that rapidly and specifically enumerates only viable Listeria monocytogenes in food using fluorescence in situ hybridization in combination with filter cultivation (FISHFC). Viable L. monocytogenes could be specifically quantified within 16 h using an Alexa647-labeled mRL-2 probe. The coefficient of the correlation between the new ...
Mapari Sameer As - - 2009
Colorants derived from natural sources look set to overtake synthetic colorants in market value as manufacturers continue to meet the rising demand for clean label ingredients - particularly in food applications. Many ascomycetous fungi naturally synthesize and secrete pigments and thus provide readily available additional and/or alternative sources of natural ...
Mizutani Takaharu T Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Nagoya City University, Nagoya 467-8603, Japan. - - 2009
The synthetic food dyes studied were rose bengal (RB), phroxine (PL), amaranth, erythrosine B (ET), allura red, new coccine, acid red (AR), tartrazine, sunset yellow FCF, brilliant blue FCF, and indigo carmine. First, data confirmed that these dyes were not substrates for CYP2A6, UGT1A6, and UGT2B7. ET inhibited UGT1A6 (glucuronidation ...
Zhang Zi-Feng - - 2009
The hepatoprotective effects of purple sweet potato color (PSPC), which is natural anthocyanin food colors, have been well demonstrated in many studies. Nevertheless, little work has been done to clarify the detailed mechanism of hepatoprotective effects of PSPC. This study was designed to explore whether PSPC protected mouse liver from ...
Poul Martine - - 2009
The food dyes amaranth, sunset yellow and tartrazine were administered twice, at 24h intervals, by oral gavage to mice and assessed in the in vivo gut micronucleus test for genotoxic effects (frequency of micronucleated cells) and toxicity (apoptotic and mitotic cells). The concentrations of each compound and their main metabolites ...
Grobler Alethea - - 2008
OBJECTIVE/HYPOTHESIS: Endoscopic sinus surgery is an accepted treatment for medically recalcitrant chronic rhinosinusitis. Effective saline douching may improve long-term outcomes of chronic rhinosinusitis but is often impaired by postoperative ostial stenosis. The aim of this study is to determine a critical ostial size at which douching solution reliably enters the ...
Kean Ellie G - - 2008
Although yellow maize (Zea mays) fractions and products are a source of dietary carotenoids, only limited information is available on the bioavailability of these pigments from maize-based foods. To better understand the distribution and bioavailability of carotenoid pigments from yellow maize (Z. mays) products, commercial milled maize fractions were screened ...
Kim Ji-Eun - - 2008
TASK-1 (green) and GFAP (red) signals in the hippocampal complex at 1 day after pilocarpine-induced status epilepticus. TASK-1 immunoreactivity is observed in GFAP(+) astrocytes in the CA1 region. However, TASK-1 immunoreactivity in GFAP(+) astrocytes is markedly decreased in the dentate gyrus. Blue is DAPI counterstaining. J. Comp. Neurol. 510:463-474, 2008. ...
Collice Massimo - - 2008
Cerebral convolutions were unknown until the 17th century. A constant sulcus was not recognized until the mid-1600s; it was named "the fissure of Sylvius," after the person who had always been considered as the one who discovered it. It is commonly asserted that the first description of the lateral scissure ...
Xie M - - 2008
Okara is the insoluble byproduct of soymilk and tofu manufactures. It is cheap, high in nutrients, and possesses great potential to be applied to functional human foods. In this study, a puffed okara/rice cake product was developed with blends of okara pellets and parboiled rice. Consumer preference and acceptance tests ...
Alimaa Tugjamba - - 2008
Mongolian traditional medicine has a history of more than 2500 years and is one of the most valuable heritages of Mongolian people. Throughout its history period has been closely linked with life, labour, culture and environment of the nomadic people. Mongolian Traditional food is divided into five types, each with ...
Everett Lisa L - - 2008
We present a general phenomenological framework for dialing between gravity mediation, gauge mediation, and anomaly mediation. The approach is motivated from recent developments in moduli stabilization, which suggest that gravity mediated terms can be effectively loop suppressed and thus comparable to gauge and anomaly mediated terms. The gauginos exhibit a ...
Tanaka K - - 2008
To assure the homogeneity of a reference material for the mycotoxin sterigmatocystin (STE), a study was first conducted to prepare a reference material of rice containing the colouring Food Red 106. The protocol developed was then used to prepare a reference material of rice containing STE. Initially, a V-shaped mixer ...
Gallardo-Guerrero Lourdes - - 2008
The digestive stability, efficiency of micellarization, and cellular accumulation of the chlorophyll pigments of different preparations of pea were investigated, using an in vitro digestion procedure coupled with human intestinal Caco-2 cells. Fresh pea (FP), cooked fresh pea (CFP), frozen pea (FZP), cooked frozen pea (CFZP), and canned pea (CP) ...
Veras Germano - - 2009
A portable, microcontrolled and low-cost spectrophotometer (MLCS) is proposed. The instrument combines the use of a compact disc (CD) media as diffraction grid and white light-emitting diode (LED) as radiation source. Moreover, it employs a phototransistor with spectral sensitivity in visible region as phototransductor, as well as a programmable interrupt ...
Zinkivskay Ann - - 2009
Some animals have been shown to be able to remember which type of food they hoarded or encountered in which location and how long ago (what-where-when memory). In this study, we test whether magpies (Pica pica) also show evidence of remembering these different aspects of a past episode. Magpies hid ...
Osorio D - - 2008
The visual displays of animals and plants are often colourful, and colour vision allows animals to respond to these signals as they forage for food, choose mates and so-forth. This article discusses the evolutionary relationship between photoreceptor spectral sensitivities of four groups of land animals--birds, butterflies, primates and hymenopteran insects ...
Pouvreau Jean-Bernard - - 2008
Among microalgae, the marine diatom Haslea ostrearia has the distinctive feature of synthesizing and releasing, into the surrounding environment, a blue-green polyphenolic pigment called marennine. The oyster-breeding industry commonly makes use of this natural phenomenon for the greening of oysters grown in the ponds of the French Atlantic coast. This ...
AMBROSINI, ROBERTO (21798)
In some passerines, parents allocate more food to offspring with the brightest red gapes, but the function of parental decisions based on offspring gape coloration is unknown. We hypothesize that gape coloration is part of a communication system where nestlings reveal their condition to attending parents, which may thus base ...
de Souza V M - - 2008
L. monocytogenes is a foodborne psychrotrophic bacterial pathogen of special importance for minimally processed foods. In this work, it was enumerated in samples of surubim fish by MPN technique. The population of L. monocytogenes was estimated as < 0.012 MPN/cm(2) in fresh and < 0.03 MPN/g in minimally processed fish.
Lachenmeier Dirk W - - 2008
In the analysis of food additives, past emphasis was put on the development of chromatographic techniques to separate target components from a complex matrix. Especially in the case of artificial food colors, direct spectrophotometric measurement was seen to lack in specificity due to a high spectral overlap between different components. ...
Manzocco Lara - - 2008
A new approach to shelf life modeling of photosensitive foods was developed taking into consideration the example of a saffron-containing yellow beverage highly prone to oxidative photobleaching. The beverage was exposed to different light levels at increasing temperatures. During exposure, samples were analyzed for bleaching rate, pigment content, and pigment ...
Lee Kyung-Sun - - 2008
A simple and sensitive on-chip preconcentration, separation, and electrochemical detection (ED) method for the electrophoretic analysis of food dyes was developed. The microchip comprised of three parallel channels: the first two are for the field-amplified sample stacking (FASS) and subsequent field-amplified sample injection (FASI) steps, while the third one is ...
Muzhingi Tawanda - - 2008
Maize is an important staple food consumed by millions of people in many countries. Yellow maize naturally contains carotenoids which not only provide provitamin A carotenoids but also xanthophylls, which are known to be important for eye health. This study was aimed at 1) evaluating the effect of saponification during ...
Wallace T C - - 2008
Anthocyanins are of interest to the food industry because of their antioxidant power, attractive color, and stability in high acid foods. Powder from the Peruvian berry Berberis boliviana Lechler, rich in nonacylated anthocyanins (7% to 8% dry weight), was incorporated into yogurt samples containing 3 different fat levels. Color (CIE ...
Ahn Young-Hoon - - 2008
A fluorescent dye library approach for the development of a bioanalyte sensor was sought. The screening of a rosamine dye library against diverse macromolecules led to the discovery of a highly sensitive human serum albumin binder, G13, with approximately 36-fold fluorescence intensity change. G13 showed a highly selective response to ...
Houarner-Rassin Coralie - - 2008
We report on the molecular wiring efficiency of a ruthenium polypyridine complex acting as a sensitizer connected to a poly(3-hexyl)thiophene chain acting as hole transporting material. We have developed an efficient synthetic strategy to covalently connect via an ethanyl spacer a regioregular poly(3-hexyl)thiophene chain to a ruthenium complex. Solid-state dye-sensitized ...
Lorenzoni A G - - 2008
Broilers reared under commercial conditions inhale irritant gases and aerosolized particulates contaminated with gram-negative bacteria and bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Previous studies demonstrated that i.v. injections of LPS can trigger an increase in the pulmonary arterial pressure (PAP); however, the pulmonary hemodynamic response to aerosolized LPS entering via the most common ...
Taylor T P - - 2008
The objective of this study was to investigate the suitability of tagatose, a minimally absorbed prebiotic monosaccharide, as a replacement for sucrose in cookies. A sucrose-containing cookie recipe was prepared as the control. Sucrose was replaced with tagatose at various levels ranging from 25% to 100%. Cookies containing fructose were ...
McGraw Kevin J - - 2008
The control mechanisms and information content of melanin-based color signals in birds have generated much recent interest and controversy among evolutionary biologists. Initial experimental studies on this topic manipulated coarse metrics of an individual's condition (i.e. food intake, disease state) and failed to detect significant condition-dependence of melanin ornament expression. ...
Cruz C D - - 2008
Listeria monocytogenes is a cause of concern to food industries, mainly for those producing ready-to-eat (RTE) products. This microorganism can survive processing steps such as curing and cold smoking and is capable of growing under refrigeration temperatures. Its presence in RTE fish products with extended shelf life may be a ...
Hernanz Dolores - - 2008
Apart from the need to assess the color of foods due to its preponderant role in their acceptability, there is currently a new trend consisting in the study of the relationships between the color and the pigments accounting for it. The color of five strawberry varieties cultivated in two different ...
Arweiler Nicole Birgit - - 2008
The aim of this double-blind, controlled crossover study was to evaluate the influence of food preservatives on in situ dental biofilm growth. Twenty-four volunteers wore appliances with six specimens each of bovine enamel to build up intra-oral biofilms. During three test cycles, the subjects had to put one half of ...
Fu Junxue - - 2008
We present a novel and effective food-borne bacteria detection method. A hetero-structured silicon/gold nanorod array fabricated by the glancing angle deposition method is functionalized with anti-Salmonella antibodies and organic dye molecules. Due to the high aspect ratio nature of the Si nanorods, dye molecules attached to the Si nanorods produce ...
Michael George A - - 2008
We asked subjects to sniff a bottle containing distilled water and to say whether they felt a cooling or warming sensation in the nasal cavity. Odorless food coloring was added to three of these bottles so as to obtain one yellow, one green, one red and one colorless solution. Subjects ...
Dijkstra Peter D - - 2008
The maintenance of colour polymorphisms within populations has been a long-standing interest in evolutionary ecology. African cichlid fish contain some of the most striking known cases of this phenomenon. Intrasexual selection can be negative frequency dependent when males bias aggression towards phenotypically similar rivals, stabilizing male colour polymorphisms. We propose ...
Schneider Luis Felipe J - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the degree of conversion (DC), maximum rate of polymerization (Rpmax), Knoop hardness (KHN) and yellowing (b-value) of resin composites formulated with phenylpropanedione (PPD), camphorquinone (CQ), or CQ/PPD at different concentrations. The hypotheses tested were (i) PPD or CQ/PPD would produce less Rpmax and yellowing than CQ alone ...
Lucchetta Patrice P Laboratoire de Biométrie et Biologie Evolutive, UMR CNRS 5558, Université Lyon 1, Université de Lyon,Villeurbanne, 69622, - - 2008
To cope with environmental variability, animals should gather and use information to reduce uncertainty. In insect parasitoids, associative learning has been widely documented in the context of host foraging. However, despite its potential adaptive value, the insect food searching strategy and cues used to search are poorly understood. In this ...
Tennant David R - - 2008
The Union of European Beverages Associations (UNESDA) has undertaken a screening exercise to determine whether any of the colours used in non-alcoholic beverages has the potential for high consumers to exceed the acceptable daily intake (ADI). The organisation undertook a survey of its membership to identify current use levels in ...
Jain C K - - 2009
The bagasse fly ash, obtained from the local sugar industry, has been used as an inexpensive and effective adsorbent for the removal of color from pulp and paper industry. Effect of various operating variables, viz., contact time, initial concentration, adsorbent dose and particle size on the removal of color has ...
Soler Juan J - - 2008
It has been recently proposed that the blue-green coloration in eggs of many avian species may constitute a sexually selected female signal. Blue-green color intensity would reflect the physiological condition of females, and hence it might also affect the allocation of male parental care. In this study, we use three ...
Sharma Shipra - - 2008
Colour in food is an integral part of our culture and is also indispensable to the modern day consumer. During the past several decades, the technology of food processing has changed dramatically and the growth in the use of synthetic food colours as an individual dye or in the form ...
Furumiya Kenji - - 2008
Synthetic food dyes are xenobiotics, and, after ingestion, portions of these dyes may be absorbed and metabolized by phase I and II drug-metabolizing enzymes, and excreted by transporters of phase III enzymes. In the previous report, it was shown that inhibition of UDP-glucuronosyltrasnferase 1A6 occurred following ingestion of phloxine, erythrosine, ...
Wang Ping - - 2008
To achieve effective decolorization of reactive dyes, laccase immobilization was investigated. Laccase 0.2% (m/V) (Denilite IIS) was trapped in beads of alginate/gelatin blent with polyethylene glycol (PEG), and then the supporters were activated by cross-linking with glutaraldehyde. The results of repeated batch decolorization showed that gelatin and appropriate concentration of ...
Bashar M K - - 2008
Despite emerging technology, wireless capsule endoscopy needs high amount of diagnosis-time due to the presence of many useless frames, created by turbid fluids, foods, and faecal materials. These materials and fluids present a wide range of colors and/or bubble-like texture patterns. We, therefore, propose a cascade method for informative frame ...
Dluzewski Anton R AR Department of Immunobiology, Guy's, King's and St. Thomas' School of Medicine, Guy's Hospital, London, United Kingdom. - - 2008
Plasmodium falciparum Merozoite Surface Protein 1 (MSP1) is synthesized during schizogony as a 195-kDa precursor that is processed into four fragments on the parasite surface. Following a second proteolytic cleavage during merozoite invasion of the red blood cell, most of the protein is shed from the surface except for the ...
Green K Kappmeier - - 2007
The attractiveness of various colours, colour combinations and sizes of sticky traps of the 3-dimensional trap (3DT), cross-shaped target (XT), rectangular screen (RT) and monopanels were evaluated for their efficacy to capture Glossina austeni Newstead and G. brevipalpis Newstead in north-eastern KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. The 3-dimensional shapes of the XT ...
Pedraza Ana - - 2007
A selective method for the determination of L-glutamate in foodstuffs has been developed. It was based on the competition established between the analyte and the dye Coomassie brilliant blue G (CBBG) to interact with the surfactant didodecyldimethylammonium bromide (DDABr). The measurement parameter was the amount of DDABr required to reach ...
Loiseau Claire - - 2008
Begging is a complex display involving a variety of different visual and auditory signals. Parents are thought to use these signals to adjust their investment in food provisioning. The mechanisms that ensure the honesty of begging displays as indicators of need have been recently investigated. It has been shown that ...
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