Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 266
1 2 3 4 5 6 >
Ackroff Karen K Department of Psychology, Brooklyn College, City University of New York, Brooklyn, NY, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
When mice trained to consume a CS- flavored solution paired with intragastric (IG) water self-infusion are given a new CS+ flavor paired with IG glucose self-infusion, their intake is stimulated within minutes in the first CS+ test. They also display a preference for the CS+ over the CS- in two-bottle ...
Lomer M C E MC Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK; Diabetes and Nutritional Sciences Division, School of Medicine, King's College London, London, - - 2014
Food intolerance is non-immunological and is often associated with gastrointestinal symptoms. To focus on food intolerance associated with gastrointestinal symptoms and critically appraise the literature in relation to aetiology, diagnosis, mechanisms and clinical evidence. A search using the terms and variants of food intolerance, lactose, FODMAP, gluten, food chemicals within ...
- - 2014
This document provides the latest recommendations for evaluation of gestational carriers and intended parents. It incorporates recent information from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the US Food and Drug Administration, and the American Association of Tissue Banks, with which all programs offering gestational carrier services must be ...
Markus C Rob CR University Maastricht; Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience; Dept of Neuropsychology & Psychopharmacology; Maastricht, The - - 2014
Abstract Brain serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) dysfunction is considered to promote food intake and eating-related disturbances, especially under stress or negative mood. Vulnerability for 5-HT disturbances is considered to be genetically determined, including a short (S) allele polymorphism in the serotonin transporter gene (5-HTTLPR) that is associated with lower serotonin function. ...
Colley Danielle L DL Department of Nutrition and Food Science, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, United - - 2014
Several hypotheses for the causes of the obesity epidemic in the US have been proposed. One such hypothesis is that dietary intake patterns have significantly shifted to include unprecedented amounts of refined sugar. We set out to determine if different sugars might promote changes in the hypothalamic mechanisms controlling food ...
Basu Sanjay S Sanjay Basu is with the Prevention Research Center and Centers for Health Policy, Primary Care and Outcomes Research, Stanford University, Stanford, CA. Kristina Lewis is with the Kaiser Center for Health Research, Southeast, Kaiser Permanente, Atlanta, - - 2014
Objectives. We estimated the effect of a simulated cap-and-trade policy to reduce added sugar in the food supply. Methods. Using nationally representative data on added-sugar content and consumption, we constructed a mathematical model of a cap-and-trade policy and compared its health implications to those of proposals to tax sugar sweetened ...
Arora Narendra K NK Clinical Epidemiology, The INCLEN Trust International, New Delhi, - - 2014
India has experienced a rising prevalence of cardiometabolic risk factors in the past 15 years: the prevalence of diabetes has increased from 5.9% to 9.1%, hypertension from 17.2% to 29.2%, and obesity from 4% to 15%. The increase is among all socioeconomic groups and in urban and rural populations, though ...
Rumney Heather S HS The Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science, Cefas Lowestoft Laboratory, Pakefield Road, Lowestoft, Suffolk NR33 0HT, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons were determined in edible tissues of fish species consumed by the islanders of St Helena to assess any risk to human health posed by oil leaking from an historic wreck. Samples were collected from the vicinity of the wreck site and at two reference locations ...
van Dillen Teun T Centre for Environmental Safety and Security, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), PO Box 1, Bilthoven NL-3720 BA, The Netherlands - - 2014
The Fukushima nuclear accident (Japan, 11 March 2011) revealed the need for well-founded criteria for surface contamination and associated screening levels related to the import of non-food (consumer) goods, containers and conveyances. The only available European-harmonised criteria are those laid down in the IAEA transport regulations, but these criteria date ...
Vázquez M M Instituto de Agroquímica y Tecnología de Alimentos (IATA-CSIC), Avenida Agustín Escardino 7, 46980 - Paterna (Valencia), - - 2014
The main form of mercury exposure in the general population is through food. Intestinal absorption is therefore a key step in the penetration of mercury into the systemic circulation, and should be considered when evaluating exposure risk. Many studies have investigated the transport of mercury species in different cell lines, ...
Bacchetti T T Dipartimento di Scienze della Vita e dell'Ambiente, Università Politecnica delle Marche, Ancona, - - 2014
The objective of the present paper is to evaluate the post-prandial response to some varieties of gluten free (GF) pasta that are commonly consumed in Italy. The glycaemic responses were compared with a glucose standard in healthy subjects and gluten-free diet celiac subjects. Subjects were served portions of the test ...
Tasevska Natasha N National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland. School of Nutrition and Health Promotion, Arizona State University, Phoenix, Arizona. - - 2014
Measurement error in self-reported sugars intake may be obscuring the association between sugars and cancer risk in nutritional epidemiologic studies. We used 24-hour urinary sucrose and fructose as a predictive biomarker for total sugars, to assess measurement error in self-reported sugars intake. The Nutrition and Physical Activity Assessment Study (NPAAS) ...
Shiga Hiroshi H Department of Partial and Complete Denture, The Nippon Dental University School of Life Dentistry at Tokyo, 1-9-20 Fujimi, Chiyoda, Tokyo, 102-8159, Japan, - - 2014
Twenty patients wearing complete dentures were asked to chew a gummy jelly, and their glucose extraction was measured. Two types of masticatory scores (MS1 and MS2) were calculated using a food intake questionnaire. The relationship between masticatory scores and glucose extraction was investigated. The values of masticatory scores were large ...
Costa-Pereira Raul R Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ecologia e Conservação, Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul, Laboratório de Ecologia, Cidade Universitária, Campo Grande, MS, - - 2014
Some organisms disperse energy, associated with the transportation of resource, which is not necessarily food. Stingless bees of Central Amazonia (Melipona flavolineata and M. lateralis) collect clay in banks along streams for nest building. The moisture of the clay varies along the bank, and bees collect clay from specific location, ...
Jensen Kim K Department of Zoology, University of Oxford,South Parks Road,OxfordOX1 - - 2014
Balancing of macronutrient intake has only recently been demonstrated in predators. In particular, the ability to regulate carbohydrate intake is little studied in obligate carnivores, as carbohydrate is present at very low concentrations in prey animal tissue. In the present study, we determined whether American mink (Neovison vison) would compensate ...
Branton Alyson A Department of Applied Human Nutrition, Faculty of Professional Studies, Mount Saint Vincent University, 166 Bedford Highway, Halifax, Nova Scotia, B3M 2J6, - - 2014
Increased food intake (FI) during television viewing has been reported in children, but it is unknown if this occurs following pre-meal video game playing (VGP). The objective was to determine the effect of pre-meal VGP for 30 min on subjective appetite and emotions, and FI in normal weight (NW) boys ...
Brovko L L Canadian Research Institute for Food Safety, University of Guelph, 43 McGilvray St., Guelph, Ontario, N1G2W1, - - 2014
To produce light-activated antimicrobial materials composed of the photodynamic dye phloxine B incorporated into paper or cellulose membranes and to investigate ability of these materials to decrease bacterial loads on their surfaces as well as on food surfaces that were in contact with these materials under illumination with regular white ...
Li Yanyan Y Department of Health & Nutrition Sciences, Montclair State University, 1 Normal Avenue, Montclair, New Jersey 07043, - - 2014
Data are lacking on the temperature changes of food during transport without the use of refrigerated trucks. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the ability of several insulated and noninsulated containers with or without frozen gel packs to keep perishable and refrigerated foods within the temperature safe zone ...
Preston A C AC Reproduction and Genetics Group, School of Natural Sciences, Institute of Aquaculture, University of Stirling, FK9 4 LA Stirling, Scotland, - - 2014
Diploid and triploid brown trout Salmo trutta were acclimated for 6 weeks on two feeding regimes (floating and sinking). Thereafter, aggression and surface feeding response were compared between pairs of all diploid, all triploid and diploid and triploid S. trutta in an experimental stream. In each pair-wise matching, fish of ...
Melo J W S JW Depto. Agronomia, Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Recife, PE, 52171-900, Brazil, - - 2014
For more than three decades the coconut mite Aceria guerreronis Keifer is one of the most important pests of coconut palms and has recently spread to many coconut production areas worldwide. Colonization of coconut palms is thought to arise from mites dispersing aerially after take-off from other plants within the ...
Soto Cárdenas Carolina C Laboratorio de Fotobiología, Instituto de Investigaciones en Biodiversidad y Medioambiente (INIBIOMA, UNComahue-CONICET), Quintral 1250, 8400 San Carlos de Bariloche, Río Negro, Argentina. Electronic address: - - 2014
In lake food webs, pelagic basal organisms such as bacteria and phytoplankton incorporate mercury (Hg(2+)) from the dissolved phase and pass the adsorbed and internalized Hg to higher trophic levels. This experimental investigation addresses the incorporation of dissolved Hg(2+) by four plankton fractions (picoplankton: 0.2-2.7μm; pico+nanoplankton: 0.2-20μm; microplankton: 20-50μm; and ...
Liu Yi Y State Key Laboratory of Materials-Oriented Chemical Engineering, College of Food Science and Light Industry, Nanjing University of Technology , 30 Puzhu South Road, Nanjing 211816, People's Republic of - - 2014
d-Tagatose, a functional sweetener, is commonly transformed from d-galactose by l-arabinose isomerase (l-AI). In this study, a novel type of biocatalyst, l-AI from Lactobacillus fermentum CGMCC2921 displayed on the spore surface of Bacillus subtilis 168, was developed for producing d-tagatose. The anchored l-AI, exhibiting the relatively high bioactivity, suggested that ...
Men Yan Y National Engineering Laboratory for Industrial Enzymes, Tianjin Institute of Industrial Biotechnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Tianjin 300308, - - 2014
d-Psicose has been attracting attention in recent years because of its alimentary activities and is used as an ingredient in a range of foods and dietary supplements. To develop a one-step enzymatic process of d-psicose production, thermoactive d-glucose isomerase and the d-psicose 3-epimerase obtained from Bacillus sp. and Ruminococcus sp., ...
Chen Manhua M College of Food Science and Engineering, Ocean University of China, P. O. Box 266003, Qingdao, - - 2014
Supercritical carbon dioxide (SC-CO2 ) has been shown to have a good pasteurizing effect on food. However, very few research papers have investigated the possibility to exploit this treatment for solid foods, particularly for seafood. Considering the microbial safety of raw seafood consumption, the study aimed to explore the feasibility ...
Kim An-Na AN School of Food Science and Technology, Chung-Ang University, 72-1 Nae-Ri, Daedeok-Myun, Ansung, 456-756, Kyunggido, South - - 2014
Norovirus (NoV) is an environmental threat to humans, which spreads easily from one infected person to another, causing foodborne and waterborne diseases. Therefore, precautions against NoV infection are important in the preparation of food. The aim of this study was to investigate the survival of murine norovirus (MNV), as a ...
Choi Jinkyung - - 2014
The importance of clean food contact surfaces has been recognized; however, the importance of cleanliness on nonfood contact surfaces such as menus may be underestimated. The aim of the study described in this article was to determine the cleanliness of restaurant menus, evaluate typical cleaning methods used in a restaurant, ...
De Keuckelaere Ann A Laboratory of Food Microbiology and Food Preservation, Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Ghent University, Coupure Links 653, 9000, Ghent, Belgium, - - 2014
Enteric viruses such as noroviruses (NoVs) continue to be the cause of widespread viral outbreaks due to person-to-person transmission, contaminated food, and contaminated surfaces. In order to optimize swabbing methodology for the detection of viruses on (food) contact surfaces, three swab elution/extraction strategies were compared in part one of this ...
Kanchongkittiphon W W Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA, USA; Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA; Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, - - 2014
Desktop dust has been studied as a source of food allergen, but not as a source of potential aeroallergen exposure. Thirty-six wiped samples from desktop surfaces were collected from preschools and schools. Samples were analyzed for detectable levels of common aeroallergens including Alternaria, cockroach, dog, dust mite, cat, mouse, and ...
Brambilla Gianfranco G Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Toxicological Chemistry Unit, Rome, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
The environmental presence of pharmaceuticals in top soil and in water where extensive animal farming occurs may represent an involuntary source of residues in food that might affect both food safety and food security. We modelled the presence of residues in animal matrices from the inventoried environmental concentration of selected ...
Singla Richu R Department of Biotechnology and Environmental Sciences, Thapar University, Patiala 147004, Punjab, India; Regional Research Station, Punjab Agricultural University, Faridkot 151203, Punjab, - - 2014
Combined effect of malic acid and ozone as sanitizer to inhibit the biofilm formation by Salmonella typhimurium on different food contact surfaces was investigated in this study. Different surfaces used in food industry including PVC pipes, polyethylene bags, plastic surfaces and fresh produce were analyzed for the biofilm formation by ...
Qin Jiayang J College of Pharmacy, Binzhou Medical University, Yantai 264003, People's Republic of China. Electronic address: - - 2014
In this study, a food-grade cell surface display host/vector system for Lactobacillus casei was constructed. The food-grade host L. casei Q-5 was a lactose-deficient derivative of L. casei ATCC 334 obtained by plasmid elimination. The food-grade cell surface display vector was constructed based on safe DNA elements from lactic acid ...
Moran Clinton Joseph CJ Northern Arizona University Biological Sciences, Flagstaff, - - 2014
Some fishes that feed on attached food items possess an intramandibular joint (IMJ), which is thought to increase maximum gape and facilitate contact between the tooth-bearing surface and the substrate. However, the mechanical consequences of using an IMJ to remove attached food items from the substrate are still poorly understood. ...
Gião Maria S MS Environmental Healthcare Unit, Centre for Biological Sciences, University of Southampton, Life Sciences Building, Highfield Campus, Southampton, SO17 1BJ, UK, - - 2014
Listeria monocytogenes is a foodborne pathogen that can be transmitted through contaminated raw food or by ready-to-eat products that have been in contact with contaminated surfaces. Tap water (TW) is used to wash produce, as a processed food constituent and to wash processing surfaces and floors. The main aim of ...
Saini Jasdeep K JK Food Science Institute and Department of Animal Sciences and Industry, Kansas State University , Manhattan, - - 2014
Abstract Listeria monocytogenes is difficult to control in food and processing environments due to its widespread nature and ability to survive in a range of adverse conditions, including low temperatures, pH, and high salt concentrations. The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of Photohydroionization™ (PHI; RGF Environmental ...
Hoshino Fumihiko F TOYOTA Central R&D Labs., Inc., Nagoya, Aichi, Japan, - - 2014
We have determined that a biological molecule can be physically immobilized on a polymer containing an azobenzene (azopolymer) using irradiating light. We immobilized antibodies and antigens on the surface of an azopolymer coated glass slide (antibody array) to establish "on-chip ELISAs". The assays used the flat-surface of a glass slide ...
Komorita Tomohiro T Graduate School of Environmental Science, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan ; Faculty of Environmental and Symbiotic Science, Prefectural University of Kumamoto, Tsukide, Kumamoto, - - 2014
The relationship between the food demand of a clam population (Ruditapes philippinarum (Adams & Reeve 1850)) and the isotopic contributions of potential food sources (phytoplankton, benthic diatoms, and organic matter derived from the sediment surface, seagrass, and seaweeds) to the clam diet were investigated. In particular, we investigated the manner ...
Mackenzie Clara L CL School of Ocean Sciences, College of Natural Sciences, Bangor University, Menai Bridge, Anglesey, United - - 2014
Ocean surface pH levels are predicted to fall by 0.3-0.4 pH units by the end of the century and are likely to coincide with an increase in sea surface temperature of 2-4°C. The combined effect of ocean acidification and warming on the functional properties of bivalve shells is largely unknown ...
Lahou Evy E Laboratory of Food Microbiology and Food Preservation, Department of Food Safety and Food Quality, Ghent University, Coupure Links 653, Ghent 9000, Belgium. - - 2014
Listeria monocytogenes can adhere to different types of food contact surfaces within a food processing environment. Therefore, environmental sampling devices should be capable of detecting unacceptable contamination. In this study, a sponge-stick, foam spatula and an environmental swab were evaluated on their ability to detect low concentrations of L. monocytogenes ...
Nicolau Anca Ioana AI Faculty of Food Science and Engineering, Dunarea de Jos University of Galati, Str. Domneasca 47, Galati, 800008, Romania, - - 2014
This chapter describes in detail the procedures used when sampling for Listeria in food processing environments. Sampling of food contact surfaces, non-food contact surfaces, and liquids such as drain effluents are addressed. Sponge stick swabs are considered advantageous for surface sampling and tips regarding their application are given. Liquids are ...
Manios Stavros G SG Agricultural University of Athens, Iera Odos 75, Athens, 118 55, - - 2014
Listeria monocytogenes can colonize in the food processing environment and thus pose a greater risk of cross-contamination to food. One of the proposed mechanisms that facilitates such colonization is biofilm formation. As part of a biofilm, it is hypothesized that L. monocytogenes can survive sanitization procedures. In addition, biofilms are ...
Higgs Nicholas D ND Marine Institute, Plymouth University, Drake Circus, Plymouth, United - - 2014
The carcasses of large pelagic vertebrates that sink to the seafloor represent a bounty of food to the deep-sea benthos, but natural food-falls have been rarely observed. Here were report on the first observations of three large 'fish-falls' on the deep-sea floor: a whale shark (Rhincodon typus) and three mobulid ...
Ota Kazutaka K Department of Biology and Geosciences, Osaka City University, Sumiyoshi, Osaka, - - 2014
Fish demonstrate the greatest variety of parental care strategies within the animal kingdom. Fish parents seldom provision food for offspring, with some exceptions predominantly found in substrate-brooding Central American cichlids and mouth-brooding African cichlids. Here, we provide the first evidence of food provisioning in a substrate-brooding African cichlid Neolamprologus mondabu. ...
Dos Santos Rodrigues Jessica Bezerra JB Universidade Federal da Paraíba, João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brasil. - - 2014
S. aureus is of great importance to public health due to its pathogenicity. This study aimed to evaluate lipase production by S. aureus isolates from different sources. Lipolytic activity was determined using Tween-Calcium agar (48 hours; 35°C). Eighty-six percent of the isolates from human wounds were positive for lipase production. ...
Karlson Agnes M L AM Department of Applied Environmental Science, Stockholm University, Stockholm, - - 2014
Benthic communities below the photic zone depend for food on allochthonous organic matter derived from seasonal phytoplankton blooms. In the Baltic Sea, the spring diatom bloom is considered the most important input of organic matter, whereas the contribution of the summer bloom dominated by diazotrophic cyanobacteria is less understood. The ...
Mattsson Jonathan J a Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering , Luleå University of Technology , 971 87 Luleå , - - 2014
To increase biogas generation and decrease vehicle transportation of solid waste, the integration of food waste disposers (FWDs) into the wastewater system has been proposed. However, concerns have been raised about the long-term impact of the additional load of the FWDs on sewer systems. To examine the said impact, this ...
Robert Sathyasurya Daniel SD Dietetics Program, School of Health Sciences, Health Campus, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kubang Kerian, 16150 Kota Bharu, Kelantan, - - 2014
This study determined the effects of fenugreek on postprandial plasma glucose (PPG) and satiety among overweight and obese individuals. Fourteen subjects were studied in the morning after overnight fasts on four separate occasions. Glycaemic responses elicited by 50 g carbohydrate portions of white bread and jam with or without 5.5 g of ...
Takei Nobuyuki N Department of Molecular Neurobiology, Brain Research Institute, Niigata University, Niigata - - 2014
Food intake is intricately regulated by glucose, amino acids, hormones, neuropeptides, and trophic factors through a neural circuit in the hypothalamus. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), the most prominent neurotrophic factor in the brain, regulates differentiation, maturation, and synaptic plasticity throughout life. Among its many roles, BDNF exerts an anorexigenic function ...
Galloway Tracey T University of Manitoba. - - 2014
The Nutrition North Canada program is a federal retail subsidy designed to make nutritious, perishable food more widely available and affordable in northern communities. Implemented in April 2011, Nutrition North replaced the Food Mail freight subsidy long used to offset the high cost of transporting perishable food to remote towns ...
Nyamukondiwa Casper C Department of Conservation Ecology and Entomology, Faculty of AgriSciences, Stellenbosch University, Private Bag X1, Matieland 7602, South Africa Present address: Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Science, Botswana International University of Science and Technology (BIUST). Private Bag BO 041 Bontleng, Gaborone, Botswana - - 2014
Control of ants using baits of low toxicity cannot be effective without knowledge of bait distribution patterns and bait station densities, which are determined by ants' foraging activities. Furthermore, the success of toxic baits also depends upon attractiveness of bait carriers. Here, we assessed ground and vine foraging activity and ...
Gase Lauren Nichol LN Division of Chronic Disease and Injury Prevention, Los Angeles County Department of Public Health , Los Angeles, CA , - - 2014
This study sought to examine the relationship between self-reported time and distance to the nearest retail grocery store, healthy and unhealthy food consumption, and objectively measured body mass index (BMI). We conducted a survey with 1,503 racially diverse, low-income residents at five public health centers in Los Angeles County. Most ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 >