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Brambilla Gianfranco G Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Toxicological Chemistry Unit, Rome, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
The environmental presence of pharmaceuticals in top soil and in water where extensive animal farming occurs may represent an involuntary source of residues in food that might affect both food safety and food security. We modelled the presence of residues in animal matrices from the inventoried environmental concentration of selected ...
Singla Richu R Department of Biotechnology and Environmental Sciences, Thapar University, Patiala 147004, Punjab, India; Regional Research Station, Punjab Agricultural University, Faridkot 151203, Punjab, - - 2014
Combined effect of malic acid and ozone as sanitizer to inhibit the biofilm formation by Salmonella typhimurium on different food contact surfaces was investigated in this study. Different surfaces used in food industry including PVC pipes, polyethylene bags, plastic surfaces and fresh produce were analyzed for the biofilm formation by ...
Qin Jiayang J College of Pharmacy, Binzhou Medical University, Yantai 264003, People's Republic of China. Electronic address: - - 2014
In this study, a food-grade cell surface display host/vector system for Lactobacillus casei was constructed. The food-grade host L. casei Q-5 was a lactose-deficient derivative of L. casei ATCC 334 obtained by plasmid elimination. The food-grade cell surface display vector was constructed based on safe DNA elements from lactic acid ...
Moran Clinton Joseph CJ Northern Arizona University Biological Sciences, Flagstaff, - - 2014
Some fishes that feed on attached food items possess an intramandibular joint (IMJ), which is thought to increase maximum gape and facilitate contact between the tooth-bearing surface and the substrate. However, the mechanical consequences of using an IMJ to remove attached food items from the substrate are still poorly understood. ...
Gião Maria S MS Environmental Healthcare Unit, Centre for Biological Sciences, University of Southampton, Life Sciences Building, Highfield Campus, Southampton, SO17 1BJ, UK, - - 2014
Listeria monocytogenes is a foodborne pathogen that can be transmitted through contaminated raw food or by ready-to-eat products that have been in contact with contaminated surfaces. Tap water (TW) is used to wash produce, as a processed food constituent and to wash processing surfaces and floors. The main aim of ...
Saini Jasdeep K JK Food Science Institute and Department of Animal Sciences and Industry, Kansas State University , Manhattan, - - 2014
Abstract Listeria monocytogenes is difficult to control in food and processing environments due to its widespread nature and ability to survive in a range of adverse conditions, including low temperatures, pH, and high salt concentrations. The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of Photohydroionization™ (PHI; RGF Environmental ...
Hoshino Fumihiko F TOYOTA Central R&D Labs., Inc., Nagoya, Aichi, Japan, - - 2014
We have determined that a biological molecule can be physically immobilized on a polymer containing an azobenzene (azopolymer) using irradiating light. We immobilized antibodies and antigens on the surface of an azopolymer coated glass slide (antibody array) to establish "on-chip ELISAs". The assays used the flat-surface of a glass slide ...
Komorita Tomohiro T Graduate School of Environmental Science, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan ; Faculty of Environmental and Symbiotic Science, Prefectural University of Kumamoto, Tsukide, Kumamoto, - - 2014
The relationship between the food demand of a clam population (Ruditapes philippinarum (Adams & Reeve 1850)) and the isotopic contributions of potential food sources (phytoplankton, benthic diatoms, and organic matter derived from the sediment surface, seagrass, and seaweeds) to the clam diet were investigated. In particular, we investigated the manner ...
Mackenzie Clara L CL School of Ocean Sciences, College of Natural Sciences, Bangor University, Menai Bridge, Anglesey, United - - 2014
Ocean surface pH levels are predicted to fall by 0.3-0.4 pH units by the end of the century and are likely to coincide with an increase in sea surface temperature of 2-4°C. The combined effect of ocean acidification and warming on the functional properties of bivalve shells is largely unknown ...
Lahou Evy E Laboratory of Food Microbiology and Food Preservation, Department of Food Safety and Food Quality, Ghent University, Coupure Links 653, Ghent 9000, Belgium. - - 2014
Listeria monocytogenes can adhere to different types of food contact surfaces within a food processing environment. Therefore, environmental sampling devices should be capable of detecting unacceptable contamination. In this study, a sponge-stick, foam spatula and an environmental swab were evaluated on their ability to detect low concentrations of L. monocytogenes ...
Wadhera Devina D Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Several sensory cues affect food intake including appearance, taste, odor, texture, temperature, and flavor. Although taste is an important factor regulating food intake, in most cases, the first sensory contact with food is through the eyes. Few studies have examined the effects of the appearance of a food portion on ...
Smith Kenneth L KL - - 2013
The deep ocean, covering a vast expanse of the globe, relies almost exclusively on a food supply originating from primary production in surface waters. With well-documented warming of oceanic surface waters and conflicting reports of increasing and decreasing primary production trends, questions persist about how such changes impact deep ocean ...
Harrison Judy A - - 2013
As produce consumption has increased, so have foodborne disease outbreaks associated with fresh produce. Little research has addressed food safety practices used on small to medium-sized farms selling locally or in farmers markets. This study evaluated current food safety practices used by farmers on small to medium-sized farms and managers ...
Lavers Jennifer L - - 2013
Anthropogenic debris is ubiquitous in the marine environment and has been reported to negatively impact hundreds of species globally. Seabirds are particularly at risk from entanglement in debris due to their habit of collecting food and, in many cases, nesting material off the ocean's surface. We compared the prevalence and ...
Karam Layal - - 2013
An effective antimicrobial packaging or food contact surface should be able to kill or inhibit micro-organisms that cause food-borne illnesses. Setting up such systems, by nisin adsorption on hydrophilic and hydrophobic surfaces, is still a matter of debate. For this purpose, nisin was adsorbed on two types of low-density polyethylene: ...
Müller Csilla - - 2014
Thiabendazole (TBZ) is a chemical fungicide and parasiticide largely used in food industry against mold and blight in vegetables and fruits during transportation and long term deposit. We investigated the possibility to detect and monitor the TBZ from the chemically treated bananas and citrus fruits available on Romanian market, using ...
Jensen Dane A - - 2013
Cross-contamination between foods and surfaces in food processing environments and home kitchens may play a significant role in foodborne disease transmission. This study quantifies the cross-contamination rates between a variety of fresh-cut produce and common kitchen surfaces (ceramic, stainless steel, glass, and plastic) using scenarios that differ by cross-contamination direction, ...
Campos Jenyffer Medeiros - - 2013
Microbial biosurfactants with high ability to reduce surface and interfacial surface tension and conferring important properties such as emulsification, detergency, solubilisation, lubrication and phase dispersion have a wide range of potential applications in many industries. Significant interest in these compounds has been demonstrated by environmental, bioremediation, oil, petroleum, food, beverage, ...
Multari Rosalie Ann - - 2013
The rapid detection of biological contaminants such as Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella enterica on foods and on food processing surfaces is of increasing interest to ensure food safety. The ability to detect these contaminants in real time would better protect public health and streamline the monitoring process. In Laser-Induced ...
Freitag Jessica A - - 2013
The mold mite, Tyrophagus putrescentiae (Schrank), is a stored product pest of economic significance that commonly infests many types of food and animal feed products. There is limited information regarding pest management tactics, including residual acaricides for managing this pest in retail store habitats. The purpose of this study was ...
Rhoades Jonathan - - 2013
To investigate the potential use of oregano essential oil as an antimicrobial agent in liquid soap for hand washing and for food contact surface cleaning. Oregano essential oil (O.E.O.) was emulsified in liquid detergent solution. This was challenge tested against a commercial antimicrobial soap in hand washing trials using natural ...
Chai Yating - - 2013
Proof-in-principle of a new surface-scanning coil detector has been demonstrated. This new coil detector excites and measures the resonant frequency of free-standing magnetoelastic (ME) biosensors that may now be placed outside the coil boundaries. With this coil design, the biosensors are no longer required to be placed inside the coil ...
Stals Ambroos - - 2013
Human infective noroviruses (NoVs) are a worldwide leading cause of foodborne illness and are frequently spread via infected food handlers preparing and manipulating food products such as deli sandwiches. The objective of the current study was to determine the efficiencies whereby NoV could be transferred between surfaces associated with the ...
Alali Walid Q - - 2013
The objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship between prevalence of Listeria monocytogenes as an outcome and Listeria spp. as an explanatory variable by food products, food contact surfaces, and nonfood contact surfaces in seafood processing plants by using peer-reviewed published data. Nine sets of prevalence data of ...
Sommer Stefan - - 2013
Thermophilic desert ants-Cataglyphis, Ocymyrmex, and Melophorus species inhabiting the arid zones of the Palaearctic region, southern Africa and central Australia, respectively-are solitary foragers, which have been considered to lack any kind of chemical recruitment. Here we show that besides mainly employing the solitary mode of food retrieval Ocymyrmex robustior regularly ...
Finn Sarah S UCD Centre for Food Safety, School of Public Health, Physiotherapy and Population Science, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin, - - 2013
Consumers trust commercial food production to be safe, and it is important to strive to improve food safety at every level. Several outbreaks of food-borne disease have been caused by Salmonella strains associated with dried food. Currently we do not know the mechanisms used by Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium to ...
Hajishafiee Maryam - - 2013
Stroke is a leading cause of preventable morbidity and mortality in the United States. Numerous studies have shown that dietary carbohydrates play an important role in stroke incident. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the association between dietary intake of carbohydrate and its types and stroke incidence among Iranian adults. ...
Nicholas Rebecca - - 2013
AIM: The effects of gaseous ozone and Open Air Factor on environmental L. monocytogenes attached to three common food contact surfaces were investigated. METHODS AND RESULTS: L. monocytogenes on different food contact surfaces was treated with ozone and Open Air Factor (OAF). Microbiological counts, Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and Atomic ...
Carratalà Anna - - 2013
Determining the stability, or persistence in an infectious state, of foodborne viral pathogens attached to surfaces of soft fruits and salad vegetables is essential to underpin risk assessment studies in food safety. Here, we evaluate the effect of temperature and sunlight on the stability of infectious human adenoviruses type 2 ...
Repp Kimberly K - - 2013
We investigated a norovirus outbreak affecting 12/16 (75%) employees subsequent to a staff meeting at an auto dealership. Take-out sandwiches initially seemed the likely source, but a cohort study found no association between illness and food consumption. Employees reported seeing a toddler with diarrhea in a dealership restroom shortly before ...
Chung Seong Kyun - - 2013
 Microcapsules containing thyme oil were prepared by in situ polymerization, using melamine-formaldehyde prepolymer as a wall material and 3 different emulsifiers (pluronic F-127, tween 80, and sodium lauryl sulfate [SLS]). The general characteristics and release behavior of microcapsules, and their repellent effect against insects were investigated. The morphology of microcapsules ...
Bentayeb K - - 2013
Direct analysis in real time coupled to time-of-flight mass spectrometry (DART/TOF-MS) was used to detect the non-visible set-off of photoinitiators on the food contact surface of three different packages. The samples were intentionally under-cured to provoke set-off. Twelve commercially available photoinitiators were included in the ink formulations including α-amino-, morpholino, ...
Maitland Jessica - - 2013
Ready-to-eat (RTE) deli meats are considered a food at high risk for causing foodborne illness. Deli meats are listed as the highest risk RTE food vehicle for Listeria monocytogenes. Cross-contamination in the retail deli market may contribute to spread of pathogens to deli meats. Understanding potential cross-contamination pathways is essential ...
Jian Hong-Lei - - 2013
Enzymatic hydrolysis of Gleditsia sinensis gum was performed to produce manno-oligosaccharides having functional applications as dietary fiber and prebiotics. The optimum hydrolysis conditions, including enzyme loading, temperature and time, from response surface methodology were 8.1 U/g, 57.4°C and 34.1h, respectively. The yield of DP 1-5 oligosaccharides was 75.9% (29.1g/L). The ...
Charabidze Damien - - 2013
Larvae of the necrophagous Blowfly Lucilia sericata (Diptera Calliphoridae) live on vertebrate cadavers. Although continuously feeding was previously assumed for this species, we hypothesized that larvae do not feed constantly. According to this hypothesis, their crop should not always be full, which should be reflected in crop surfaces. We dissected ...
Udompijitkul Pathima - - 2013
The contamination of enterotoxigenic Clostridium perfringens spores on food contact surfaces posses a serious concern to food industry due to their high resistance to various preservation methods typically applied to control foodborne pathogens. In this study, we aimed to develop an strategy to inactivate C. perfringens spores on stainless steel (SS) ...
Craig Ana Paula - - 2013
Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) is an advanced Raman technique that enhances the vibrational spectrum of molecules adsorbed on or in the vicinity of metal particles and/or surfaces. Because of its readiness, sensitivity, and minimum sample preparation requirements, SERS is being considered as a powerful technique for food inspection. Key aspects ...
Gogarten Jan F - - 2013
The microscopic traces of use wear on teeth have been extensively studied to provide information that will assist in elucidating the dietary habits of extinct hominin species. It has been amply documented that dental microwear provides information pertaining to diet for living animals, where there is a strong and consistent ...
Rossi Eliandra Mirlei - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Contaminated sponges might lead to cross-contamination in kitchens since they can transfer microorganisms to surfaces where microorganisms can survive for hours or days and contaminate food. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the transfer and the survival of bacteria from kitchen sponges to surfaces of AISI ...
Ordinioha Best - - 2013
The health hazards created by oil exploration and exploitation are covert and slow in action. They are not given the deserved attention in official documents in Nigeria, even as they can be major contributors to the disease burden in oil-bearing communities. This study is an interpretation of the data reported ...
Tecchio Samuele - - 2013
Most deep-sea benthic ecosystems are food limited and, in the majority of cases, are driven by the organic matter falling from the surface or advected downslope. Species may adapt to this scarceness by applying a wide variety of responses, such as feeding specialisation, niche width variation, and reduction in metabolic ...
Ismaïl Rached - - 2013
Various types of surfaces are used today in the food industry, such as plastic, stainless steel, glass, and wood. These surfaces are subject to contamination by microorganisms responsible for the cross-contamination of food by contact with working surfaces. The HACCP-based processes are now widely used for the control of microbial ...
Weinbeer Moritz M Institute of Experimental Ecology, University of Ulm Ulm, - - 2013
We assessed the behavioral flexibility of the trawling long-legged bat, Macrophyllum macrophyllum (Phyllostomidae) in flight cage experiments by exposing it to prey suspended from nylon threads in the air and to food placed onto the water surface at varying distances to clutter-producing background (water plants). The bat revealed flexibility in ...
Ledogar Justin A - - 2013
Pitheciines (Pithecia, Chiropotes, and Cacajao) are a specialized clade of Neotropical seed predators that exhibit postcanine teeth with low and rounded cusps and highly crenulated occlusal surface enamel. Data on feeding ecology show that Pithecia consumes proportionally more leaves than other pitheciine species, and comparative studies demonstrate its greater molar ...
Figueroa Leonardo T - - 2012
Lithium, generally, occurs in barely trace amounts in ground water with few major exceptions. One of these is the northern area of Chile where all potable water and many of the food stuffs contain high levels of lithium. Surface water can contain between 100 and 10,000 times more than most ...
Lu Xiaonan - - 2012
Developing rapid analytical methods for bioactive components and predicting both the concentration and biological availability of nutraceutical components in foods is a topic of growing interest. Here, analysis of bioactive components and total antioxidant activity in food matrices using infrared spectroscopy coupled with chemometric predictive models is described. Infrared spectroscopy ...
Lioumbas John S - - 2012
The various theoretical approaches that have been proposed for modeling heat and mass transport during deep-fat frying of potatoes do not take into account the effect of potato orientation with respect to gravity. This can be partly attributed to lack of systematic experimental information at different orientations. The objective of ...
Ferguson Sarah - - 2013
The potential for enhancement and recovery of latent fingerprints on a variety of foodstuffs has been investigated. In general, black magnetic powder and black powder suspensions appear to be the most successful enhancement techniques with a high number of ridge detail-developed prints over a selected time scale. Banana, apple and ...
Fernández A - - 2013
Cold atmospheric gas plasma treatment (CAP) is an alternative approach for the decontamination of fresh and minimally processed food. In this study, the effects of growth phase, growth temperature and chemical treatment regime on the inactivation of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium (S. Typhimurium) by Nitrogen CAP were examined. Furthermore, the ...
Sawczyn Tomasz - - 2012
This study was undertaken to test the hypothesis that following exposure to insecticides, changes take place in the metabolism of carbohydrates and absorption in the midgut of insects. The Madagascar hissing cockroach (Gromphadorhina portentosa) was chosen for the experiment as a model organism, due to it being easy to breed ...
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