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Shiga Hiroshi H Department of Partial and Complete Denture, The Nippon Dental University School of Life Dentistry at Tokyo, 1-9-20 Fujimi, Chiyoda, Tokyo, 102-8159, Japan, - - 2014
Twenty patients wearing complete dentures were asked to chew a gummy jelly, and their glucose extraction was measured. Two types of masticatory scores (MS1 and MS2) were calculated using a food intake questionnaire. The relationship between masticatory scores and glucose extraction was investigated. The values of masticatory scores were large ...
Costa-Pereira Raul R Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ecologia e Conservação, Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul, Laboratório de Ecologia, Cidade Universitária, Campo Grande, MS, - - 2014
Some organisms disperse energy, associated with the transportation of resource, which is not necessarily food. Stingless bees of Central Amazonia (Melipona flavolineata and M. lateralis) collect clay in banks along streams for nest building. The moisture of the clay varies along the bank, and bees collect clay from specific location, ...
Jensen Kim K Department of Zoology, University of Oxford,South Parks Road,OxfordOX1 - - 2014
Balancing of macronutrient intake has only recently been demonstrated in predators. In particular, the ability to regulate carbohydrate intake is little studied in obligate carnivores, as carbohydrate is present at very low concentrations in prey animal tissue. In the present study, we determined whether American mink (Neovison vison) would compensate ...
Branton Alyson A Department of Applied Human Nutrition, Faculty of Professional Studies, Mount Saint Vincent University, 166 Bedford Highway, Halifax, Nova Scotia, B3M 2J6, - - 2014
Increased food intake (FI) during television viewing has been reported in children, but it is unknown if this occurs following pre-meal video game playing (VGP). The objective was to determine the effect of pre-meal VGP for 30 min on subjective appetite and emotions, and FI in normal weight (NW) boys ...
Brovko L L Canadian Research Institute for Food Safety, University of Guelph, 43 McGilvray St., Guelph, Ontario, N1G2W1, - - 2014
To produce light-activated antimicrobial materials composed of the photodynamic dye phloxine B incorporated into paper or cellulose membranes and to investigate ability of these materials to decrease bacterial loads on their surfaces as well as on food surfaces that were in contact with these materials under illumination with regular white ...
Li Yanyan Y Department of Health & Nutrition Sciences, Montclair State University, 1 Normal Avenue, Montclair, New Jersey 07043, - - 2014
Data are lacking on the temperature changes of food during transport without the use of refrigerated trucks. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the ability of several insulated and noninsulated containers with or without frozen gel packs to keep perishable and refrigerated foods within the temperature safe zone ...
Preston A C AC Reproduction and Genetics Group, School of Natural Sciences, Institute of Aquaculture, University of Stirling, FK9 4 LA Stirling, Scotland, - - 2014
Diploid and triploid brown trout Salmo trutta were acclimated for 6 weeks on two feeding regimes (floating and sinking). Thereafter, aggression and surface feeding response were compared between pairs of all diploid, all triploid and diploid and triploid S. trutta in an experimental stream. In each pair-wise matching, fish of ...
Melo J W S JW Depto. Agronomia, Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Recife, PE, 52171-900, Brazil, - - 2014
For more than three decades the coconut mite Aceria guerreronis Keifer is one of the most important pests of coconut palms and has recently spread to many coconut production areas worldwide. Colonization of coconut palms is thought to arise from mites dispersing aerially after take-off from other plants within the ...
Soto Cárdenas Carolina C Laboratorio de Fotobiología, Instituto de Investigaciones en Biodiversidad y Medioambiente (INIBIOMA, UNComahue-CONICET), Quintral 1250, 8400 San Carlos de Bariloche, Río Negro, Argentina. Electronic address: - - 2014
In lake food webs, pelagic basal organisms such as bacteria and phytoplankton incorporate mercury (Hg(2+)) from the dissolved phase and pass the adsorbed and internalized Hg to higher trophic levels. This experimental investigation addresses the incorporation of dissolved Hg(2+) by four plankton fractions (picoplankton: 0.2-2.7μm; pico+nanoplankton: 0.2-20μm; microplankton: 20-50μm; and ...
Liu Yi Y State Key Laboratory of Materials-Oriented Chemical Engineering, College of Food Science and Light Industry, Nanjing University of Technology , 30 Puzhu South Road, Nanjing 211816, People's Republic of - - 2014
d-Tagatose, a functional sweetener, is commonly transformed from d-galactose by l-arabinose isomerase (l-AI). In this study, a novel type of biocatalyst, l-AI from Lactobacillus fermentum CGMCC2921 displayed on the spore surface of Bacillus subtilis 168, was developed for producing d-tagatose. The anchored l-AI, exhibiting the relatively high bioactivity, suggested that ...
Men Yan Y National Engineering Laboratory for Industrial Enzymes, Tianjin Institute of Industrial Biotechnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Tianjin 300308, - - 2014
d-Psicose has been attracting attention in recent years because of its alimentary activities and is used as an ingredient in a range of foods and dietary supplements. To develop a one-step enzymatic process of d-psicose production, thermoactive d-glucose isomerase and the d-psicose 3-epimerase obtained from Bacillus sp. and Ruminococcus sp., ...
Chen Manhua M College of Food Science and Engineering, Ocean University of China, P. O. Box 266003, Qingdao, - - 2014
Supercritical carbon dioxide (SC-CO2 ) has been shown to have a good pasteurizing effect on food. However, very few research papers have investigated the possibility to exploit this treatment for solid foods, particularly for seafood. Considering the microbial safety of raw seafood consumption, the study aimed to explore the feasibility ...
Kim An-Na AN School of Food Science and Technology, Chung-Ang University, 72-1 Nae-Ri, Daedeok-Myun, Ansung, 456-756, Kyunggido, South - - 2014
Norovirus (NoV) is an environmental threat to humans, which spreads easily from one infected person to another, causing foodborne and waterborne diseases. Therefore, precautions against NoV infection are important in the preparation of food. The aim of this study was to investigate the survival of murine norovirus (MNV), as a ...
Choi Jinkyung - - 2014
The importance of clean food contact surfaces has been recognized; however, the importance of cleanliness on nonfood contact surfaces such as menus may be underestimated. The aim of the study described in this article was to determine the cleanliness of restaurant menus, evaluate typical cleaning methods used in a restaurant, ...
De Keuckelaere Ann A Laboratory of Food Microbiology and Food Preservation, Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Ghent University, Coupure Links 653, 9000, Ghent, Belgium, - - 2014
Enteric viruses such as noroviruses (NoVs) continue to be the cause of widespread viral outbreaks due to person-to-person transmission, contaminated food, and contaminated surfaces. In order to optimize swabbing methodology for the detection of viruses on (food) contact surfaces, three swab elution/extraction strategies were compared in part one of this ...
Kanchongkittiphon W W Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA, USA; Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA; Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, - - 2014
Desktop dust has been studied as a source of food allergen, but not as a source of potential aeroallergen exposure. Thirty-six wiped samples from desktop surfaces were collected from preschools and schools. Samples were analyzed for detectable levels of common aeroallergens including Alternaria, cockroach, dog, dust mite, cat, mouse, and ...
Brambilla Gianfranco G Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Toxicological Chemistry Unit, Rome, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
The environmental presence of pharmaceuticals in top soil and in water where extensive animal farming occurs may represent an involuntary source of residues in food that might affect both food safety and food security. We modelled the presence of residues in animal matrices from the inventoried environmental concentration of selected ...
Singla Richu R Department of Biotechnology and Environmental Sciences, Thapar University, Patiala 147004, Punjab, India; Regional Research Station, Punjab Agricultural University, Faridkot 151203, Punjab, - - 2014
Combined effect of malic acid and ozone as sanitizer to inhibit the biofilm formation by Salmonella typhimurium on different food contact surfaces was investigated in this study. Different surfaces used in food industry including PVC pipes, polyethylene bags, plastic surfaces and fresh produce were analyzed for the biofilm formation by ...
Qin Jiayang J College of Pharmacy, Binzhou Medical University, Yantai 264003, People's Republic of China. Electronic address: - - 2014
In this study, a food-grade cell surface display host/vector system for Lactobacillus casei was constructed. The food-grade host L. casei Q-5 was a lactose-deficient derivative of L. casei ATCC 334 obtained by plasmid elimination. The food-grade cell surface display vector was constructed based on safe DNA elements from lactic acid ...
Moran Clinton Joseph CJ Northern Arizona University Biological Sciences, Flagstaff, - - 2014
Some fishes that feed on attached food items possess an intramandibular joint (IMJ), which is thought to increase maximum gape and facilitate contact between the tooth-bearing surface and the substrate. However, the mechanical consequences of using an IMJ to remove attached food items from the substrate are still poorly understood. ...
Gião Maria S MS Environmental Healthcare Unit, Centre for Biological Sciences, University of Southampton, Life Sciences Building, Highfield Campus, Southampton, SO17 1BJ, UK, - - 2014
Listeria monocytogenes is a foodborne pathogen that can be transmitted through contaminated raw food or by ready-to-eat products that have been in contact with contaminated surfaces. Tap water (TW) is used to wash produce, as a processed food constituent and to wash processing surfaces and floors. The main aim of ...
Saini Jasdeep K JK Food Science Institute and Department of Animal Sciences and Industry, Kansas State University , Manhattan, - - 2014
Abstract Listeria monocytogenes is difficult to control in food and processing environments due to its widespread nature and ability to survive in a range of adverse conditions, including low temperatures, pH, and high salt concentrations. The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of Photohydroionization™ (PHI; RGF Environmental ...
Hoshino Fumihiko F TOYOTA Central R&D Labs., Inc., Nagoya, Aichi, Japan, - - 2014
We have determined that a biological molecule can be physically immobilized on a polymer containing an azobenzene (azopolymer) using irradiating light. We immobilized antibodies and antigens on the surface of an azopolymer coated glass slide (antibody array) to establish "on-chip ELISAs". The assays used the flat-surface of a glass slide ...
Komorita Tomohiro T Graduate School of Environmental Science, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan ; Faculty of Environmental and Symbiotic Science, Prefectural University of Kumamoto, Tsukide, Kumamoto, - - 2014
The relationship between the food demand of a clam population (Ruditapes philippinarum (Adams & Reeve 1850)) and the isotopic contributions of potential food sources (phytoplankton, benthic diatoms, and organic matter derived from the sediment surface, seagrass, and seaweeds) to the clam diet were investigated. In particular, we investigated the manner ...
Mackenzie Clara L CL School of Ocean Sciences, College of Natural Sciences, Bangor University, Menai Bridge, Anglesey, United - - 2014
Ocean surface pH levels are predicted to fall by 0.3-0.4 pH units by the end of the century and are likely to coincide with an increase in sea surface temperature of 2-4°C. The combined effect of ocean acidification and warming on the functional properties of bivalve shells is largely unknown ...
Lahou Evy E Laboratory of Food Microbiology and Food Preservation, Department of Food Safety and Food Quality, Ghent University, Coupure Links 653, Ghent 9000, Belgium. - - 2014
Listeria monocytogenes can adhere to different types of food contact surfaces within a food processing environment. Therefore, environmental sampling devices should be capable of detecting unacceptable contamination. In this study, a sponge-stick, foam spatula and an environmental swab were evaluated on their ability to detect low concentrations of L. monocytogenes ...
Nicolau Anca Ioana AI Faculty of Food Science and Engineering, Dunarea de Jos University of Galati, Str. Domneasca 47, Galati, 800008, Romania, - - 2014
This chapter describes in detail the procedures used when sampling for Listeria in food processing environments. Sampling of food contact surfaces, non-food contact surfaces, and liquids such as drain effluents are addressed. Sponge stick swabs are considered advantageous for surface sampling and tips regarding their application are given. Liquids are ...
Manios Stavros G SG Agricultural University of Athens, Iera Odos 75, Athens, 118 55, - - 2014
Listeria monocytogenes can colonize in the food processing environment and thus pose a greater risk of cross-contamination to food. One of the proposed mechanisms that facilitates such colonization is biofilm formation. As part of a biofilm, it is hypothesized that L. monocytogenes can survive sanitization procedures. In addition, biofilms are ...
Higgs Nicholas D ND Marine Institute, Plymouth University, Drake Circus, Plymouth, United - - 2014
The carcasses of large pelagic vertebrates that sink to the seafloor represent a bounty of food to the deep-sea benthos, but natural food-falls have been rarely observed. Here were report on the first observations of three large 'fish-falls' on the deep-sea floor: a whale shark (Rhincodon typus) and three mobulid ...
Ota Kazutaka K Department of Biology and Geosciences, Osaka City University, Sumiyoshi, Osaka, - - 2014
Fish demonstrate the greatest variety of parental care strategies within the animal kingdom. Fish parents seldom provision food for offspring, with some exceptions predominantly found in substrate-brooding Central American cichlids and mouth-brooding African cichlids. Here, we provide the first evidence of food provisioning in a substrate-brooding African cichlid Neolamprologus mondabu. ...
Dos Santos Rodrigues Jessica Bezerra JB Universidade Federal da Paraíba, João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brasil. - - 2014
S. aureus is of great importance to public health due to its pathogenicity. This study aimed to evaluate lipase production by S. aureus isolates from different sources. Lipolytic activity was determined using Tween-Calcium agar (48 hours; 35°C). Eighty-six percent of the isolates from human wounds were positive for lipase production. ...
Karlson Agnes M L AM Department of Applied Environmental Science, Stockholm University, Stockholm, - - 2014
Benthic communities below the photic zone depend for food on allochthonous organic matter derived from seasonal phytoplankton blooms. In the Baltic Sea, the spring diatom bloom is considered the most important input of organic matter, whereas the contribution of the summer bloom dominated by diazotrophic cyanobacteria is less understood. The ...
Mattsson Jonathan J a Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering , Luleå University of Technology , 971 87 Luleå , - - 2014
To increase biogas generation and decrease vehicle transportation of solid waste, the integration of food waste disposers (FWDs) into the wastewater system has been proposed. However, concerns have been raised about the long-term impact of the additional load of the FWDs on sewer systems. To examine the said impact, this ...
Wadhera Devina D Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Several sensory cues affect food intake including appearance, taste, odor, texture, temperature, and flavor. Although taste is an important factor regulating food intake, in most cases, the first sensory contact with food is through the eyes. Few studies have examined the effects of the appearance of a food portion on ...
Smith Kenneth L KL - - 2013
The deep ocean, covering a vast expanse of the globe, relies almost exclusively on a food supply originating from primary production in surface waters. With well-documented warming of oceanic surface waters and conflicting reports of increasing and decreasing primary production trends, questions persist about how such changes impact deep ocean ...
Harrison Judy A - - 2013
As produce consumption has increased, so have foodborne disease outbreaks associated with fresh produce. Little research has addressed food safety practices used on small to medium-sized farms selling locally or in farmers markets. This study evaluated current food safety practices used by farmers on small to medium-sized farms and managers ...
Lavers Jennifer L - - 2013
Anthropogenic debris is ubiquitous in the marine environment and has been reported to negatively impact hundreds of species globally. Seabirds are particularly at risk from entanglement in debris due to their habit of collecting food and, in many cases, nesting material off the ocean's surface. We compared the prevalence and ...
Karam Layal - - 2013
An effective antimicrobial packaging or food contact surface should be able to kill or inhibit micro-organisms that cause food-borne illnesses. Setting up such systems, by nisin adsorption on hydrophilic and hydrophobic surfaces, is still a matter of debate. For this purpose, nisin was adsorbed on two types of low-density polyethylene: ...
Müller Csilla - - 2014
Thiabendazole (TBZ) is a chemical fungicide and parasiticide largely used in food industry against mold and blight in vegetables and fruits during transportation and long term deposit. We investigated the possibility to detect and monitor the TBZ from the chemically treated bananas and citrus fruits available on Romanian market, using ...
Jensen Dane A - - 2013
Cross-contamination between foods and surfaces in food processing environments and home kitchens may play a significant role in foodborne disease transmission. This study quantifies the cross-contamination rates between a variety of fresh-cut produce and common kitchen surfaces (ceramic, stainless steel, glass, and plastic) using scenarios that differ by cross-contamination direction, ...
Manzocco Lara L a Dipartimento di Scienze degli Alimenti , Università di Udine , via Sondrio 2/A , 33100 , Udine , - - 2013
Abstract Solid foods represent optimal matrices for ultraviolet processing with effects well beyond non thermal surface disinfection. UV radiation favours hormetic response in plant tissues and degradation of toxic compound on the product surface. Photoinduced reactions can also provide unexplored possibilities to steer structure and functionality of food biopolymers. The ...
Campos Jenyffer Medeiros - - 2013
Microbial biosurfactants with high ability to reduce surface and interfacial surface tension and conferring important properties such as emulsification, detergency, solubilisation, lubrication and phase dispersion have a wide range of potential applications in many industries. Significant interest in these compounds has been demonstrated by environmental, bioremediation, oil, petroleum, food, beverage, ...
Multari Rosalie Ann - - 2013
The rapid detection of biological contaminants such as Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella enterica on foods and on food processing surfaces is of increasing interest to ensure food safety. The ability to detect these contaminants in real time would better protect public health and streamline the monitoring process. In Laser-Induced ...
Freitag Jessica A - - 2013
The mold mite, Tyrophagus putrescentiae (Schrank), is a stored product pest of economic significance that commonly infests many types of food and animal feed products. There is limited information regarding pest management tactics, including residual acaricides for managing this pest in retail store habitats. The purpose of this study was ...
Rhoades Jonathan - - 2013
To investigate the potential use of oregano essential oil as an antimicrobial agent in liquid soap for hand washing and for food contact surface cleaning. Oregano essential oil (O.E.O.) was emulsified in liquid detergent solution. This was challenge tested against a commercial antimicrobial soap in hand washing trials using natural ...
Chai Yating - - 2013
Proof-in-principle of a new surface-scanning coil detector has been demonstrated. This new coil detector excites and measures the resonant frequency of free-standing magnetoelastic (ME) biosensors that may now be placed outside the coil boundaries. With this coil design, the biosensors are no longer required to be placed inside the coil ...
Stals Ambroos - - 2013
Human infective noroviruses (NoVs) are a worldwide leading cause of foodborne illness and are frequently spread via infected food handlers preparing and manipulating food products such as deli sandwiches. The objective of the current study was to determine the efficiencies whereby NoV could be transferred between surfaces associated with the ...
Alali Walid Q - - 2013
The objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship between prevalence of Listeria monocytogenes as an outcome and Listeria spp. as an explanatory variable by food products, food contact surfaces, and nonfood contact surfaces in seafood processing plants by using peer-reviewed published data. Nine sets of prevalence data of ...
Sommer Stefan - - 2013
Thermophilic desert ants-Cataglyphis, Ocymyrmex, and Melophorus species inhabiting the arid zones of the Palaearctic region, southern Africa and central Australia, respectively-are solitary foragers, which have been considered to lack any kind of chemical recruitment. Here we show that besides mainly employing the solitary mode of food retrieval Ocymyrmex robustior regularly ...
Finn Sarah S UCD Centre for Food Safety, School of Public Health, Physiotherapy and Population Science, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin, - - 2013
Consumers trust commercial food production to be safe, and it is important to strive to improve food safety at every level. Several outbreaks of food-borne disease have been caused by Salmonella strains associated with dried food. Currently we do not know the mechanisms used by Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium to ...
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