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Faith M S - - 1999
Human obesity is associated with greater-than-average energy intake, although relatively few studies have tested the heritability of food intake. The present study examined the genetic architecture of measured caloric intake during laboratory test meals in 36 monozygotic and 18 dizygotic twin pairs. A series of analyses tested the hypotheses that ...
Gaspar P M - - 1999
This study describes the adequacy of water intake among nursing home residents and identifies variables associated with the adequacy of water intake. Ninety-nine nursing home residents were observed for two 24-hour periods to record food and fluid ingested, ingestion behaviors, and function. Mean water intake (based on food and fluid) ...
Jäntti, Jussi
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA Vol.96, 909 - 914
Hörl W H - - 1999
Oral intake of freshly voided morning urine has been recommended for many diseases such as viral or bacterial infections. Symptoms reported during the first days of oral intake of urine include nausea, vomiting, headache, palpitations, diarrhea or fever. Several substances in the urine are believed to be important for oral ...
de Castro J M - - 1998
Males and females differ in the amounts of food and fluids they ingest. Previous studies suggest that this may be due to differences in genetic influences on intake. Gender differences in the heritability of food and fluid intake were investigated with 110 identical and 102 fraternal same-sex and 53 fraternal ...
Hope P J - - 1997
The marsupial Sminthopsis crassicaudata increases food intake following a fast. However, the role of metabolic fuel availability, in particular glucose, in the regulation of food intake in this animal is unknown. In this study, we have demonstrated that neither insulin-induced hypoglycaemia nor metabolic blockade of glucose utilisation with 2-deoxy-D-glucose effects ...
McCarthy D O - - 1997
Anorexia and weight loss are major problems in the care of cancer patients. Data from laboratory studies using an animal model of tumor-induced anorexia suggest that energy intake may be regulated in the tumor-bearing host as it is in healthy animals. The purpose of the present study was to determine ...
Vaziri P - - 1997
We examined the hypothesis that histidine is a regulator of short-term food and water intake in rats and that this control is through histidine's action as a precursor for histamine. The primary objectives were to measure food and water intake after histidine monohydrochloride monohydrate (His-HCl) given by intragastric (IG) and ...
Bozinovic F - - 1997
The leaf-eared mouse, Phyllotis darwini, is a nocturnal rodent inhabiting the semiarid and Mediterranean habitats of northern and central Chile. Previous observations suggested that in the field, individuals may change food intake according to seasonal changes in ambient temperature. We therefore anticipated that P. darwini should increase food intake in ...
Kurzer M S - - 1997
Associations between food intake and mood greatly interest both lay and scientific audiences, although scientific support for many observed associations is sparse. Of particular interest are issues surrounding food intake, food cravings, and mood in women throughout the menstrual cycle. Further research is necessary to support or disprove current hypotheses ...
Keung W M - - 1997
Daidzin is the major active principle in extracts of radix puerariae, a traditional Chinese medication that suppresses the ethanol intake of Syrian golden hamsters. It is the first isoflavone recognized to have this effect. Daidzin is also a potent and selective inhibitor of human mitochondrial aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH-2). To establish ...
Rocha M J - - 1997
Baroreceptor input plays a critical role in body fluid balance and the endocrine response to NaCl consumption [25]. Experiments were performed to characterize the alterations in salt intake that are seen after baroreceptor denervation. Using chronically baroreceptor denervated (SAD) or control (CON) male Sprague-Dawley rats, we determined: 1) concentration-dependent consumption ...
Boeles S - - 1997
We studied the effect of the 5-HT1B/ID receptor agonist sumatriptan (6 mg s.c.) on plasma growth hormone and prolactin and food intake in 15 healthy female subjects using a double-blind, placebo-controlled, cross-over design. Sumatriptan significantly elevated plasma growth hormone but did not alter plasma prolactin. Sumatriptan also significantly lowered total ...
De Luca Júnior L A - - 1996
The periventricular tissue of the anterior ventral portion of the third ventricle (AV3V) is an important area for the control of hydromineral balance and of cardiovascular function. The present work discusses the importance of the integrity of the AV3V for multiple responses to central cholinergic activation (water intake, hypertension, natriuresis, ...
Renwick A G - - 1996
Direct measurement of the intake of food additives is a complex, time-consuming and expensive process. Prioritization of intake surveys is important to focus initial attention on those additives of most concern. Intakes at or below the Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) are not of concern, by definition, and therefore a high ...
Arneberg P - - 1996
Models have predicted that directly transmitted macroparasites may influence the abundance of forage plants in herbivore grazing systems by reducing the food intake of their host. Evidence of parasite-induced alterations in host food intake is, however, limited mainly to sheep, cattle and laboratory rodents. We estimated the effect of naturally ...
Opara E I - - 1996
Total parenteral nutrition (TPN) is essential for maintaining the nutritional status of patients who are unable to eat sufficiently to meet their metabolic needs. However, TPN suppresses appetite and ultimately diminishes food intake. Theories concerning the role(s) of peripheral metabolites as signals, acting via the liver and the hypothalamus, for ...
Festinger D S - - 1996
We examined whether offering an accelerated (same-day) versus a standard (1- to 7-day delay) intake appointment increased initial attendance at an outpatient cocaine treatment program. Significantly more of the subjects who were offered an accelerated intake (59%) attended than those who were given a standard intake (33%), chi 2 (2, ...
Clarke H - - 1996
"Should the Australian immigration intake be forward-planned and, if so, should the resulting intake be numerically stable through time? There are sound reasons for anticipating the effects of current intakes on future intakes and for basing current intakes on Australia's long-term national objectives. These policy requirements imply a case for ...
Morley J E - - 1995
Recent studies have demonstrated that nitric oxide may play an important role in the regulation of food intake. The studies reported here extend these findings by demonstrating that NG-nitro-arginine-methylester, N-Arg(ME), a nitric oxide synthase inhibitor, decreased intake of a highly palatable substance (i.e., milk), though at a higher dose than ...
Tuomisto L - - 1994
Treatment with psychotropic or antiallergic drugs which block histamine H1-receptors is known to be connected with weight gain. Also in experimental animals food intake is changed after manipulation of the histaminergic system, food intake may be decreased by various treatments with increase histaminergic activity and increased if histaminergic activity is ...
Denbow D M - - 1994
This review focuses on food intake regulation in avian species with the emphasis on sites of action outside of the central nervous system using data obtained mainly with studies involving poultry. Avian species do appear to regulate food intake, and there is good evidence that both the gastrointestinal tract and ...
Kuenzel W J - - 1994
The neural regulation of food intake seems to be quite similar in birds and mammals. The ventromedial hypothalamic syndrome produced by lesions within the mediobasal hypothalamus of both birds and mammals is composed of several independent physiological and behavioral changes. Other neural sites known to be important in mammals for ...
Fischer von Mollard G - - 1994
Regulated exocytosis is responsible for neuronal communication, hormone secretion, food digestion, control of glucose uptake and many other basic processes. Despite the structural and functional diversity of the cells undergoing regulated exocytosis, all regulated exocytosis involves specialized vesicles that are stored in the cytoplasm and fuse with the plasma membrane ...
De-Luca Júnior L A - - 1994
1. Noradrenaline (NOR) is a neurotransmitter present in the central nervous system which is related to the control of ingestive behavior of food and fluids. We describe here the relationship between NOR and intake of water and NaCl solution, fluids that are essential for a normal body fluid-electrolytic balance. 2. ...
Butterworth D E - - 1994
A group of marathon runners (290 males, 54 females, mean age 39.7 +/- 0.7 years) who participated in the Los Angeles Marathon recorded their food and fluid intake throughout a 3-day period, with the time of day denoted for each entry. Investigators coded each subject's food intake according to six ...
Aronoff N J - - 1994
Some obese individuals consume food during awakenings from nighttime sleep. Three studies were conducted on a 28-year-old morbidly obese male with chronic sleeping complaints and insignificant weight loss, despite self-reported daily caloric restriction: I. For 3 mo, the subject recorded food intake for 24-h periods. Mean daytime intake was 1286 ...
Peppard R J - - 1993
To assess whether a simple nonrestrictive method of determining nutrient intake could be applied to premature infants, we compared actual measured formula intake during a 7-day period with intake calculated from deuterium dilution in 13 hospitalized, growing, premature newborn infants. An oral dose of deuterium oxide (D2O) was administered, and ...
Norton P - - 1993
Physiologic control of eating involves neural and chemical regulators that may have therapeutic applications in weight control. Information on the nature and quantity of ingested and stored nutrients is relayed to the brain via sensory nerve fibers. This information is integrated at specific centers in the brain, then impulses in ...
Matthews D E - - 1992
The response of glutamine and glutamate kinetics were studied in five healthy young adult men on diets containing deficient (0.1), adequate (0.8), or surfeit (2.2 g.kg-1.d-1) amounts of protein. Glutamate, glutamine, and phenylalanine kinetics were measured in the postabsorptive state at the end of each diet period. Urinary urea and ...
Alford D M - - 1991
Nurses have a crucial role in ensuring adequate food and fluid intake in the elderly. Nurses can improve the nutritional intake of their elderly patients by obtaining proper nutritional assessments, addressing risk factors for malnutrition and fluid deficit, providing enough staff and volunteers to help feed impaired patients, honoring each ...
Tsuda T - - 1991
1. The bioconcentration factors (BCF) of both chemicals via gill intake of goldfish reached plateaux after 21 days of exposure. The average BCF values of Bu3SnCl and Ph3SnCl (N = 2) were 1976 and 1384, respectively, after 21-28 days of exposure. 2. The BCF values by oral intake of goldfish ...
Morley J E - - 1991
Nitric oxide (NO) may be an intercellular modulator within the central nervous system. L-arginine, which results in NO synthesis, increased food intake in mice while the inhibitor of NO synthesis, L-NG-nitro arginine (L-NO Arg) inhibited food intake in food deprived mice. L-arginine, but not D-arginine, partially reversed the inhibitory effect ...
Chambert G - - 1990
Rats were subjected to day-to-day changes in food caloric density superimposed on a sustained (average) change above or below the basal value. This was done by giving them a different diet every day, so that caloric density gradually increased from a basal value. By repeating this procedure the caloric density ...
Johnson R F - - 1990
Ad lib water intake of rats displays two prominent features: Water intake is temporally and quantitatively associated with food intake, and water intake is nocturnal. Physiological mechanisms linking water and food intake suggest that the rhythmicity in water intake may be at least partially driven by a rhythmicity in food ...
Foltin R W - - 1990
Food intake of seven adult male baboons (Papio cynocephalus anubis) was monitored during daily 22-h experimental sessions. Food was available under a two-component operant schedule. Following completion of the first "procurement component" response requirement, access to food, i.e. a meal, became available under the second "consumption component," during which each ...
Ramirez I - - 1990
The word palatability and related words have not been used in a consistent way. Palatability may be a property of a food, of the organism eating the food, or both. Investigators have failed to distinguish different possible meanings of the statement: "palatable foods increase intake". This may indicate: (1) a ...
Hayano J - - 1990
To investigate the diurnal variation in autonomic cardiac control, the magnitudes of the power spectral components of supine and standing heart rate variability were measured during controlled respiration (15 breaths/min). Examination was performed hourly between 0700 and 2300 h in eight male subjects whose activities and food intake were controlled ...
Triscari J - - 1989
A role for beta-EP in the regulation of food intake has been suggested as a contributory factor in the obesity of some genetically obese animal models. Studies undertaken to determine whether continuous administration of beta-EP could alter food intake in normal rats are described. The present studies demonstrated that continuous ...
Denbow D M - - 1989
To either increase or decrease body weight of poultry, an understanding of food intake regulation is essential. Although it is advantageous to increase food intake in market birds, it is desirable to decrease intake in breeders. Recent studies have shown that the digestive tract, liver, and brain are all involved ...
McBurnie M - - 1988
The effect of pregnancy and lactation on sodium appetite, water, and food intake of young adult BALB/c mice was studied. Voluntary sodium intake increased fourfold during the last 3 days of gestation. Water and food intake and body weight also increased significantly. During the last 14 days of lactation, sodium ...
Flynn F W - - 1988
In this article, intraoral intake of an ascending concentration series of sucrose was found to plateau between concentrations of 0.3 M and 2.0 M, and thus failed to show the typical inverted U-shaped intake function found in standard intake tests. Two experiments were conducted to explain this result. In Experiment ...
Ma V - - 1988
Regulation of food intake was studied in mice treated neonatally with MSG. A diurnal pattern of food intake with a significantly greater nocturnal intake was observed. In response to restricted food availability (4 hours/day). MSG mice increased intake progressively although less efficiently than control mice. The opioid kappa receptor agonist ...
Schneider J E - - 1988
We examined the metabolic control of food intake in Syrian hamsters using methyl palmoxirate (MP), an inhibitor of fatty acid oxidation. If fatty acid oxidation plays a role in the control of food intake in hamsters, as it does in rats, it would be expected that hamsters predisposed toward lipid ...
Fisenne I M - - 1987
The daily intake of long-lived alpha-emitting members of the U, Th and Ac series by New York City residents has been estimated from measurements of diet, water and air samples. The total daily intakes from inhalation, food and water consumption in mBq are 18 (234U), 0.7 (235U), 16 (238U), 6 ...
Broomes E L - - 1987
The author presents a dietary program for weight reduction based not on the substitution of a low calorie meal for a high calorie meal, but on the pre-meal ingestion of low calorie bulk beverages that are pleasant to taste and space filling, thereby compromising the capacity of the stomach to ...
Hammond A C - - 1987
Four Hereford X Angus heifers (379 +/- 11 kg) with indwelling hepatic portal vein, iliac artery and mesenteric vein catheters were used in a switchback design to measure net portal absorption of leucine at two levels of energy intake, 130 and 260 kcal metabolizable energy.(kg.75.d)-1. Nine hourly measurements were made ...
Hisamatsu S - - 1987
Ingestion intakes of fallout Pu throughout Japan in the 1959-1962 and 1978-1980 periods were measured by analyzing composite samples of each foodstuff or duplicate composite food samples consumed by five persons for a period of 1 d. Cumulative ingestion intake in Tokyo for the period from 1954-1980 was estimated by ...
Pan H Y - - 1986
A case of misdiagnosis and therapeutic misadventure is presented. The misdiagnosis resulted from the coincidental intake of mackerel and poor history taking. The therapeutic misadventure resulted from treatment with allopurinol and thiazide, which may not have been indicated. Dietary regulations for the treatment of certain biochemical abnormalities may be more ...
Lacy M P - - 1986
The neurotransmitter, serotonin, has been implicated in both food intake and body temperature regulation. In this experiment, the effect of tryptophan, the amino acid precursor of serotonin, on food consumption and rectal temperature in the fowl was determined. Single Comb White Leghorn cockerels were intubated with a tryptophan solution or ...
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