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Vivanti A P - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Studies amongst older people with acute dysphagic stroke requiring thickened fluids have assessed fluid intakes from combinations of beverage, food, enteral and parenteral sources, but not all sources simultaneously. The present study aimed to comprehensively assess total water intake from food, beverages, enteral and parenteral sources amongst dysphagic adult ...
Hermans Roel C J - - 2009
This study investigates the effects of the quality of social interaction on modeling of food intake among young women. A two (confederate's food intake: high versus low) by two (confederate's sociability: sociable versus unsociable) between-participant factorial design was employed. A total of 100 young women (18-27 years) participated. Findings indicated ...
Anschutz Doeschka J - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Exposure to food commercials is assumed to be related to children's food preferences and snack food intake patterns. However, surprisingly few studies tested whether watching food commercials actually leads to elevated snack food intake. OBJECTIVE: We experimentally tested the side effects of television food commercials on concurrent nonadvertised sweet ...
Brondel L - - 2009
Twenty-one subjects were studied to evaluate the effect of renewal of sensory stimulations of previously eaten foods on sensory-specific satiety and intake. The subjects ate French fries then brownie cakes ad libitum in three situations: "monotonous" - fries then brownies were consumed alone; "simultaneous" - condiments (ketchup and mayonnaise for ...
Sugiyama Tomoko - - 2009
The present study aimed to determine whether there is excessive mean daily intake of phosphorus in 3- to 5-year-old Japanese children and to ascertain relationships between phosphorus intake and various food and beverage groups. Subjects comprised of 90 children, with 15 boys and 15 girls in each age group from ...
Wohlers Erica M - - 2009
Current self-report methods of recording food intake and Physical Activity (PA) are cumbersome and inaccurate. Food and activity surveys implemented on a smart phone will allow for immediate entry, data transfer to a researcher, and feedback to the user. Ten subjects followed a script, representative of one day, to enter ...
Essed Natasja H - - 2009
Mono-sodium glutamate (MSG) and/or flavors may improve palatability and intake in elderly people. Whether this improvement is related to a decline in chemosensory sensitivity is unclear. We examined the effect of flavor-enhanced tomato soup (1,200 mg/l MSG (0.12% MSG) + 3 g/l celery powder) versus non-enhanced soup on intake and ...
Martin Corby K - - 2009
Measuring free-living peoples' food intake represents methodological and technical challenges. The Remote Food Photography Method (RFPM) involves participants capturing pictures of their food selection and plate waste and sending these pictures to the research center via a wireless network, where they are analyzed by Registered Dietitians to estimate food intake. ...
Cakir I┼čin - - 2009
Sirt1 is an evolutionarily conserved NAD(+) dependent deacetylase involved in a wide range of processes including cellular differentiation, apoptosis, as well as metabolism, and aging. In this study, we investigated the role of hypothalamic Sirt1 in energy balance. Pharmacological inhibition or siRNA mediated knock down of hypothalamic Sirt1 showed to ...
Liu Yinliang - - 2008
Genetically modified organisms (GMOs) are created by biotechnology to serve people with much benefit while may impose risks to ecological environment and human health and therefore need careful regulation. During the past two decades, GMOs have been well developed in China and so has their corresponding regulation. This paper reviews ...
Havemann Lize - - 2008
The aim of the study was to investigate the pre- and during-race nutritional intake of cyclists competing in a 210-km 1-day ultraendurance cycle race. Forty-five endurance-trained male cyclists participated in this dietary survey and completed a 3-day dietary record. Mean reported carbohydrate (CHO) intake over the 3 days before the ...
Harthoorn Lucien F - - 2008
Human saliva contains numerous salivary components that are fundamental for a healthy oral environment and the oral processing of foods. To study a possible differential influence of orosensory stimulation and metabolic activation on salivary composition, human parotid salivary flow, pH, A(280), and alpha-amylase activity were measured before, during and after ...
Sandoval Darleen - - 2008
Current models hold that peripheral and CNS GLP-1 signaling operate as distinct systems whereby CNS GLP-1 regulates food intake and circulating GLP-1 regulates glucose homeostasis. There is accumulating evidence that the arcuate nucleus, an area of the CNS that regulates energy homeostasis, responds to hormones and nutrients to regulate glucose ...
Tassoni Emanuela - - 2008
We report the synthesis and evaluation of aminoalkylguanidine analogues and derivatives in C57BL/KsJ db/db diabetic mice, following identification by random screening of 1a and 1b as potential antihyperglycemics and/or modulators of food intake. These compounds are related to galegine, a gamma,gamma-dimethylallylguanidine. Between the newly identified compounds, 1h N-(cyclopropylmethyl)- N'-(4-(aminomethyl)cyclohexylmethyl)guanidine showed ...
Saeki Hiroyuki - - 2008
BACKGROUND/AIMS: We studied food intake in 107 patients undergoing gastric surgery, with emphasis on postoperative quality of life (QOL). The time course of food intake after surgery, sex- and age-related differences in food intake, and the relation of food intake to surgical procedure were evaluated retrospectively. METHODOLOGY: The following variables ...
Ohinata Kousaku - - 2008
Complement C3a and C5a are released from C3 and C5, respectively, on activation of the complement system and play an important role in immune response. C3a, C5a and their receptors have been revealed to be present in the central nervous system (CNS) as well as the peripheral immune system. We ...
Luhovyy Bohdan L - - 2007
Whey protein has potential as a functional food component to contribute to the regulation of body weight by providing satiety signals that affect both short-term and long-term food intake regulation. Because whey is an inexpensive source of high nutritional quality protein, the utilization of whey as a physiologically functional food ...
Chapman Ian McPhee - - 2007
Undernutrition is common in the elderly, particularly those in nursing homes and other institutions. It is associated with substantial adverse effects. The age-associated physiologic reduction in appetite and food intake, which has been termed "the anorexia of aging," contributes to the development of pathologic anorexia and undernutrition. This article reviews ...
Weijzen P L G - - 2008
The present study investigated (1) whether consumption of a nibble-size snack, as compared to a bar-size snack, leads to more sensory specific satiety (SSS) and a lower intake; and (2) whether attention to consumption, as compared to usual consumption, leads to more SSS and a lower intake. Subjects (N=59) tested ...
Rigault Caroline - - 2008
Human adults store around 20g of l-carnitine. In the human body, l-carnitine is not metabolized but excreted through the kidney. Lost l-carnitine has to be replenished either by a biosynthetic mechanism or by the consumption of foods containing l-carnitine. Today, there is no "official" recommended daily allowance for l-carnitine but ...
Lu Yu-Yu - - 2007
Alkylphenol polyethoxylates (APEO), alkylphenols combined with ethylene oxide, are a class of nonionic surfactants. APEO have been widely used for industrial, agricultural and household applications, and are biodegraded to more persistent and estrogen-active products, namely, nonylphenol (NP), octylphenol (OP), butylphenol (BP), nonylphenol monoethoxylate (NP(1)EO) and nonylphenol diethoxylate (NP(2)EO). This study ...
Molokanov A - - 2007
The uncertainties related to activity measurement and time pattern of intake in routine monitoring of internal exposure are considered through the example of tritiated water intakes. For this purpose, a combination of intake-to-bioassay and bioassay-to-intake calculations with Monte Carlo integration technique is introduced as a method of investigation. The time ...
Spencer David - - 2007
During the decommissioning of a large glove box facility at Dounreay, in addition to engineering and administration controls, workers wore pressurised suits to minimise their intake of radionuclides. The workers provided nose blows after each suited operation to provide an indication of the effectiveness of protective measures. The nose blows ...
Buchanan Jessica B - - 2007
A number of inflammatory cytokines are synthesized and released after activation of the immune system. In addition to other biological effects, these cytokines can potently inhibit food intake. Cytokine-mediated inhibition of food intake is of particular importance because excessive production of peripheral inflammatory cytokines is often associated with the cachexia-anorexia ...
Holberton R L - - 2007
The functional role of corticosterone (CORT) in regulating migratory hyperphagia and lipogenesis was investigated in an annual migrant, the dark-eyed junco (Junco hyemalis). Intraperitoneal injections of either dexamethasone (9 microg DXM/500 microL of 5% EtOH in saline, n=10) to inhibit an increase in baseline CORT or saline (5% EtOH, n=9) ...
Dowell Shannon A - - 2006
In this small pilot study, the authors examined the use of a personal digital assistant (PDA) to electronically self-monitor the dietary and fluid intake of individuals receiving hemodialysis. The purpose of this study was to describe intake patterns of fluid, sodium, potassium, phosphorus, protein, and calories over a 3-month period ...
Renwick Andrew G - - 2006
Studies on the intakes of intense sweeteners in different countries published since the author's previous review in 1999 indicate that the average and 95th percentile intakes of acesulfame-K, aspartame, cyclamate and saccharin by adults are below the relevant acceptable daily intake (ADI) values. Fewer data are available for the newer ...
Cortès, C.
In stall-feeding conditions, food diversity has been shown to increase an animal's motivation to eat and its level of food intake. This effect has also been suggested, but not demonstrated, for free-grazing animals. In free-grazing conditions, however, animals may have to search for the preferred plant species and this may ...
Anderson G Harvey - - 2006
Food intake is regulated in both the short- and long-term by a complex physiological system that involves neuroendocrine pathways that are both distinct and overlapping. The underlying causes and mechanisms of the dysregulation of food intake in obesity is poorly understood; however, it is clear that dietary components interact with ...
Nerín Maria Antonia - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: High altitude and exposure to cold are associated with significant levels of dehydration because of cold-altitude urine output, high energy expenditures, and poor access to water. The aims of the present study were to measure the fluid intake and urine output among military mountaineers during their stay at high ...
Hobbs Stuart S - - 2005
The Neuregulins (NRGs) are members of the epidermal growth factor (EGF) family of growth factors. EGF family members regulate the signaling of ErbB family receptor tyrosine kinases, including the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR/ErbB1), ErbB2/HER2/Neu, ErbB3/HER3 and ErbB4/HER4. We have previously demonstrated that the EGF family hormone NRG2beta is a ...
Raubenheimer D - - 2005
It has been known for over a century that the dose-response curve for many micronutrients is non-monotonic, having an initial stage of increasing benefits with increased intake, followed by increasing costs as excesses become toxic. This phenomenon, termed Bertrand's rule, is widely assumed not to apply to caloric macronutrients. To ...
Reed Peter S - - 2005
This article describes the prevalence, assessment, and treatment of, as well as characteristics associated with, the food and fluid intake of 407 residents with dementia in 45 assisted living facilities and nursing homes. Overall, 54% of observed residents had low food intake, and 51% had low fluid intake. Staff monitoring ...
Ramirez Nicte - - 2005
We investigated the intake response of the nectarivorous Pallas's long-tongued bat Glossophaga soricina to different nectar concentrations to test the hypothesis that bats show compensatory feeding. Bats were offered sucrose solutions between 146 and 1,168 mmol L(-1). Contrary to our expectations, long-tongued bats did not show compensatory feeding, suggesting that ...
Sakamaki Ruka - - 2005
Melanin-concentrating hormone (MCH) is known to be an important regulator for feeding and energy balance. MCH was recently reported to stimulate water intake independent of food intake. The purpose of the present study is to examine the dipsogenic response of MCH with special emphasis on sweetened beverages, the preference for ...
Ishinaga Masataka - - 2005
Many dietary recommendations for the prevention of heart disease and hyperlipidemia include restriction of cholesterol intake. However, limiting cholesterol intake might also affect the intake of other nutrients. The daily intakes of cholesterol, lecithin, total fatty acids, and SFAs by 388 Japanese subjects (ages 6-59 y) were analyzed directly using ...
Shaw Gary M - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Periconceptional intake of nutrients in addition to folic acid may contribute to neural tube defect (NTD) etiologies; a likely candidate is myo-inositol. We investigated whether maternal periconceptional dietary intake of myo-inositol influenced NTD risk. METHODS: Data were derived from a case-control study of fetuses and infants with NTDs among ...
Cuomo R - - 2004
The complex network between the central nervous system and the enteric nervous system plays a pivotal role in preparing the digestive tract to receive food, process it to activate digestion and control food intake itself. This field has always stimulated researchers and is now receiving notable impetus by the availability ...
Yee Donald A - - 2004
Aedes albopictus has replaced Aedes aegypti in much of the latter species' historic range within the United States. The leading hypothesis for this displacement is exclusion via resource competition; however, the proximate mechanism producing a competitive advantage for A. albopictus over A. aegypti has not been identified. We performed laboratory ...
Anson R Michael - - 2004
It has been suggested that the influence of caloric intake on aging rate is not due to the absolute number of calories ingested. Instead, aging rate is altered only when there is a disparity between the actual caloric intake and that which would be ingested if the food supply were ...
Barrière Y - - 2004
In this experiment, intake of DK265 3-way corn hybrid by dairy cattle was compared specifically with intake 1) of its bm3 isogenic form, 2) of its 2 related single-way hybrids, and 3) of 2 controls that were registered hybrids of similar earliness. Both dry matter (DM) and lignin contents were ...
de Castro John M - - 2004
Circadian and diurnal rhythms affect food intake, and earlier research has suggested that meal sizes increase, whereas the after-meal intervals and satiety ratios decrease over the day. We hypothesized that the time of day of food intake would be related to total intake such that intake early in the day ...
Cowbrough K - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate and compare fluid intake of people with and without chronic back pain (BP). The research hypothesis was that fluid intake is lower in people with chronic BP. METHOD: A diary to record fluid intake in the general public was piloted. Seventy-seven ...
Yanagidaira Yasunori - - 2003
We examined the diurnal rhythms of food and water intake, spontaneous wheel running (SWR), and spontaneous motor activity (SMA) in the SAMP1 strain, a mouse model of accelerated senescence. Without SWR exercise, food, and water intake in the SAMP1 mice was significantly higher during the light (L)-phase of the light-darkness ...
French Stephen - - 2002
Since the discovery of the protein product of the ob/ob gene, leptin, knowledge of the neurochemical pathways involved in the regulation of feeding has increased enormously. Our understanding of the mechanisms regulating food intake in man has also progressed greatly over a similar time span. Previous research into the regulation ...
Illius A W - - 2002
The ultimate goal of an organism is to maximise its inclusive fitness, and an important sub-goal must be the optimisation of the lifetime pattern of food intake, in order to meet the nutrient demands of survival, growth and reproduction. The conventional assumption that fitness is maximised by maximising daily food ...
van Staveren Wija A - - 2002
Aging is often accompanied by anorexia of aging, described as a decline in appetite resulting in a lower dietary intake, followed by unexplained weight loss and adverse effects on health. This article discusses the main causes of a lack of appetite in frail elderly people. It is clear that appreciation ...
Lucas-Teixeira V A - - 2002
The present study examined intestinal dopaminergic activity and its response to high salt (HS, 1% NaCl over a period of 24 hours) intake in obese (OZR) and lean Zucker rats (LZR). The basal Na+,K+-ATPase activity (nmol Pi/mg protein/min) in the jejunum of OZR was higher than in LZR on normal ...
Rasmussen Lone B - - 2002
I deficiency diseases remain a health problem even in some developed countries. Therefore, measurement of I intake and knowledge about food choice related to I intake is important. We examined I intake in 4649 randomly selected participants from two cities in Denmark (Copenhagen and Aalborg) with an expected difference in ...
Pijl H - - 2001
We explored energy and macronutrient intake in patients with Graves' hyperthyroidism. We specifically hypothesized that hyperthyroidism is associated with increased appetite for carbohydrates, because of enhanced sympathetic tone and diminished serotonin mediated neurotransmission in the brain. To test this hypothesis, we measured food intake by dietary history and food selected ...
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