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Araki Yoshio - - 2002
Recent studies have suggested that short chain fatty acids (SCFAs) exert a therapeutic effect on some human and experimental animal diseases. Clostridium butyricum produces high levels of SCFAs in the gut lumen. The aim of the present study was to analyze the product derived from Clostridium butyricum in a culture ...
Sijtsema Siet - - 2002
Consumer wishes have to be translated into product characteristics to implement consumer-oriented product development. Before this step can be made, insight in food-related behavior and perception of consumers is necessary to make the right, useful, and successful translation. Food choice behavior and consumers' perception are studied in many disciplines. Models ...
Keshri G - - 2002
AIMS: Early detection of spoilage fungi (two Eurotium spp., a Penicillium chrysogenum species) in bread analogues over periods of 72 h at 25 degrees C and 0.95 water activity was evaluated using volatile production patterns, hydrolytic enzyme production, and changes in fungal populations. METHODS AND RESULTS: Using an electronic nose ...
Waters Geoffrey C R - - 2002
Optimized menus for a bioregenerative life support system have been developed based on measures of crop productivity, food item acceptability, menu diversity, and nutritional requirements of crew. Crop-specific biomass requirements were calculated from menu recipe demands while accounting for food processing and preparation losses. Under the assumption of staggered planting, ...
Helm Ricki M - - 2002
The production of genetically modified foods for an increasingly informed and selective consumer requires the coordinated activities of both the companies developing the transgenic food and regulatory authorities to ensure that these foods are at least as safe as the traditional foods they are supplementing in the diet. Although the ...
Howard B J - - 2002
The application of the critical loads methodology for radioactive contamination of Arctic and sub-arctic ecosystems, where natural and semi-natural food products are important components of the diet of many people, is proposed and discussed. The critical load is herein defined as the amount of radionuclide deposition necessary to produce radionuclide ...
Sharp T - - 2001
The present study was funded by the Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, its aim being to identify the technical barriers to the development of reduced-fat alternatives for bakery products. Using National Food Survey (Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, 1998) statistics on dietary consumption within the home, biscuits, cakes ...
Gorpintchenko T - - 2001
The largest share of legumes grain production in Russia falls at peas and amounts to 75%. The pea is grown practically in all agricultural regions of Russia. The most favourable pea-growing regions are the forest-steppe zone of European part of Russia and Volga region. 84 varieties of pea are being ...
Mubarak A E - - 2001
Sweet lupin Lupinus albus seed flour (SLSF), two sweet lupin protein isolates (SLPI-I and SLPI-II) and sweet lupin seed protein concentrate (SLSPC) were added to wheat flour (WF) in an amount of 3, 6, 9 and 12% of wheat flour. The effects of lupin products supplementation on physical dough properties ...
Giannakourou M C - - 2001
The principles of application of a Shelf Life Decision System (SLDS) for the optimization of the distribution of chilled fresh and minimally processed food products are developed. The SLDS integrates predictive kinetic models of food spoilage, data on initial quality from rapid techniques, and the capacity to continuously monitor temperature ...
Tzouros N E - - 2001
A review of quality control methods and applications of multivariate statistical techniques on the authentication and classification of agricultural products is presented. The products reported within the frame of this article were vegetables, fruits, juices, jams, wines, cereals, bakery products, oils, tea, coffee, honey, sugar-syrups, salad dressings, and gums. The ...
Minning S - - 2001
The lipases of the Rhizopus species family are important and versatile enzymes that are mainly used in fat and oil modification due to their strong 1,3-regiospecificity. Inexpensive synthetic medium was used for the production of Rhizopus oryzae lipase in the methylotrophic yeast Pichia pastoris. Methanol accumulation inside the bioreactor has ...
Armstrong E P - - 2001
We compared application, drying, and removal times as well as user satisfaction of four preoperative skin preparation products. All products were applied to 25 subjects, allowed to dry, and removed. Operating room personnel who applied the products were asked to complete a user-satisfaction survey. Application and drying times were longest ...
Crouse G D - - 2001
The spinosyns are a new class of fermentation-derived insect control agents that are effective against a variety of chewing insect pests. The successful introduction of spinosad into the agricultural marketplace represents an important milestone in the use of natural products for commercial pest control. The development of a natural product ...
Park J K - - 2001
The effect of capsule circulation velocity and volumetric oxygen transfer coefficient on the production of L-lysine by encapsulated Corynebacterium glutamicum in an airlift bioreactor has been evaluated. A larger oxygen supply in the airlift bioreactor caused a more than 58% increase in L-lysine productivity compared to that in a shaking ...
Shiba Y - - 2001
Phospholipase A1 (PLA1) is a hydrolytic enzyme that catalyzes the removal of the acyl group from position 1 of lecithin to form lysolecithin. The PLA1 gene, which had been cloned from Aspergillus oryzae, was expressed in Saccharomyces cerevisiae and A. oryzae. Through the modification of the medium composition and the ...
Vannoppen J - - 2001
Consumer concerns about food safety have been steadily growing during the last decade. Along with the recognition of the increasing power from the consumer side of food chains, this has forced agricultural producers to innovate and adapt their production methods. One of those developments is integrated production of pip fruit ...
Jideani V A - - 2001
The objective of this research was to conduct a survey related to the production process for fura. Fura is a staple food for the Fulanis and Hausas. The single most important cereal grain for fura production is millet. A significant difference exists among respondents on the variety of millet chosen ...
Rosenberg S - - 2000
In this increasingly complex, time-constrained world, consumers will continue to look for solutions that promise them peace of mind. A large component of this peace of mind is perceived as personal safety against infectious agents. Manufacturers have a responsibility to provide sound advice and to develop solutions to consumers' questions. ...
Archibald D D - - 2000
Near-infrared reflectance spectra of cereal food products were acquired with a commercial dual-diode-array (Si, InGaAs) spectrometer customized to allow rapid acquisition of scans of intact breakfast cereals, snack foods, whole grains, and milled products. Substantial gains in the performance of multivariate calibration models generated from these data were obtained by ...
Kiryluk J - - 2000
The methods for laboratory and commercial milling of dehulled barley grain are described. In the laboratory-scale barley at 10%, 12% and 14% moisture, was milled to produce three fine-products (flours) and two coarse-products (grits). The yield of flours and grits was about 40% and 60%, respectively. Increased products yield and ...
Wong S - - 2000
In the U.S., food product recalls serve as an important intervention in stemming the consumption of food products contaminated with infectious disease agents. We summarize the number and nature of foods and cosmetics recalled as a result of microbial contamination reported to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for ...
van Netten C - - 2000
Edible seaweed products have been used in many countries, specifically Japan, as a food item. Recently these products have become popular in the food industry because of a number of interesting medicinal properties that have been associated with certain edible marine algae. Very little control exists over the composition of ...
Gilroy D J - - 2000
The presence of blue-green algae (BGA) toxins in surface waters used for drinking water sources and recreation is receiving increasing attention around the world as a public health concern. However, potential risks from exposure to these toxins in contaminated health food products that contain BGA have been largely ignored. BGA ...
De Boer I J - - 2000
Government targets for ammonia emission and for N and P loss per hectare (ha) of agricultural land were used to assess carrying capacity for poultry production in The Netherlands with data from 1990. In addition, the effect of alternative management strategies on carrying capacity was determined. Ammonia emission from poultry ...
Huryn A D - - 2000
Studies of the production of stream insects are now numerous, and general factors controlling the secondary production of stream communities are becoming evident. In this review we focus on how life-history attributes influence the production dynamics of stream insects and other macroinvertebrates. Annual production of macroinvertebrate communities in streams world-wide ...
Groenewold G S - - 2000
The nerve agent VX (O-ethyl S-2-diisopropylaminoethyl methyl phosphonothiolate) was analyzed on the surface of concrete samples using an ion trap secondary ion mass spectrometer (IT-SIMS). It was found that VX could be detected down to an absolute quantity of 5 ng on a concrete chip, or to a surface coverage ...
Inniss S - - 1999
Physicians and consumers play an essential role in determining the ultimate success of food products. Effective communication of product efficacy and safety data to physicians, health care professionals and consumers can be a deciding factor in whether a food product is recommended or consumed. Food products deemed safe and beneficial ...
Bredahl L - - 1999
The objective of this research was to gain insight into consumers>> attitudes towards genetic modification in food production. With means-end chain theory as the theoretical basis, laddering interviews were conducted with 400 consumers in Denmark, Germany, the United Kingdom and Italy. Perceived risks and benefits of genetic modification in foods ...
DiFranza J R - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Tobacco products were compared in regard to their price, point-of-purchase advertising, accessibility to shoplifters, and rate of sale to minors. METHODS: An experimental design compared the rates of illegal sales to minors of cigarettes, chewing tobacco, and cigars. Observational surveys of 102 stores measured the number of advertisements for ...
Lopes M F - - 1999
Cheese produced from raw ewes' milk and chouriço, a Portuguese dry fermented sausage, are still produced in a traditional way in certain regions of Portugal by relying on colonization by microbial populations associated with the raw materials, equipment, and local environments. For the purpose of describing the product origins and ...
Andersson H C - - 1999
The level of agaritine was measured in fresh and canned cultivated mushroom (Agaricus bisporus) as well as in other food products containing A. bisporus, by reversed phase high performance liquid chromatography. The two fresh samples were purchased on the open market and contained 212 and 229 mg/kg, respectively. Of the ...
Heaton J T - - 1999
The effects of complete and partial cochlear extirpation at ages 9-11 days posthatch were assessed in 5 nestling budgerigars (Melopsittacus undulatus) to determine if auditory feedback is necessary for the production of nestling vocalizations. Although early deafening had no effect on the production of food-begging calls produced during the first ...
Altomonte W - - 1999
Sweetheart Cup Company always has been associated with fun products--fast food containers, straws, ballpark drink glasses, and maybe the most fun of all--ice cream cones! But making these products of pleasantry at times has not been as festive as it would seem. Sweetheart Cup Company has had its ups and ...
Munro M H - - 1999
An assessment of the current status of marine anticancer compounds is presented along with a case study on the aquaculture of Lissodendoryx n. sp. 1, a sponge that produces the antimitotic agents halichondrin B and isohomohalichondrin B. The use of polymer therapeutics to enhance the properties of marine natural products ...
Gonzalez-Gil G - - 1999
When metals were added in a pulse mode to methylotrophic-methanogenic biomass, three methane production rate phases were recognized. Increased concentrations of Ni and Co accelerated the initial exponential and final arithmetic increases in the methane production rate and reduced the temporary decrease in the rate. When Ni and Co were ...
Chou C P - - 1999
Culture performance for the production of penicillin acylase (PAC) in a bioreactor was investigated using HB101 or ATCC11105 as the host and pCLL2902, pCLL3201 or pTrcKnPAC2902 as the expression plasmid. We observed that the production of PAC by HB101 harboring pCLL3201 was, similar to ATCC11105, induced by phenyl acetic acid ...
Yan P S - - 1999
The structural similarity of cholesterol oxidation products (COP) to native cholesterol and their xenobiotic effects prompt researchers to study the long-term effects of the assimilation of these compounds into our tissues. COP are present in our food system. The level of exposure changes as our food products and our food ...
Elsner R J - - 1998
In a study of marketing opportunities for fresh, dark, chicken meat, focus group participants (n = 34) provided qualitative information concerning potential products and packaging concepts. Results of the focus groups indicated that the participants were willing to purchase new, convenient poultry products made from dark chicken meat. Specific dark ...
Lu G H - - 1998
Tobacco products regulated by the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms (ATF), are classified at different excise tax rates according to the Code of Federal Regulations. These include the smoking (cigars, cigarettes, pipe tobacco and roll-your-own) and smokeless (chewing tobacco and snuff) tobacco products. The active principal components in all ...
Rumore M M - - 1997
With the recognition that smoking begins in youth and that tobacco products are readily available to those under 18 years of age, new Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulations restrict the sale, distribution, promotion, and advertising of cigarettes to minors. The objective is to decrease the use of tobacco by ...
Charbonneau J E - - 1997
Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and x-ray microanalysis (EDS) were used to investigate stress corrosion cracking (SCC) in plain tinplate food cans, product discoloration, filiform corrosion, pitting/perforation corrosion, and loss of coating adhesion in enameled food cans. Intergranular SCC of uncoated tinplate occurred in canned pineapple juice. This is a rare ...
Sigman-Grant M - - 1997
The American public, along with the medical and scientific communities, has certain expectations about the consumption of fat-modified foods; specifically, that such consumption will result in positive health benefits for both the individual and the population. Initial attempts by consumers to reduce fat intake required elimination of favorite foods or ...
Blümmel M - - 1997
The relationship between in vitro gas production, concomitant in vitro apparent and true DM degradability has been examined in forty-two roughages. The partitioning of truly-degraded substrate between gas volume and microbial biomass yield and 15N incorporation into cells was also investigated. The relevance of this partitioning for the regulation of ...
Korver O - - 1997
The food industry has a long history of providing food products in line with nutritional requirements. Examples are vitamin-enriched margarines, low fat products, and high fibre products. Communication about the nutrition and health aspects of these products is essential, since a consumer cannot 'see' from the product what its health ...
Howard B J - - 1997
The transfer of radiocaesium to many food products either produced in or harvested from semi-natural ecosystems is high compared with intensive agricultural areas. Radiocaesium contamination levels in semi-natural foods are highly variable and difficult to predict. Spatial analysis may help to explain some of the variability and give improved estimates ...
Dominguez J M - - 1997
Xylitol, a naturally occurring five-carbon sugar alcohol, can be produced from D-xylose through microbial hydrogenation. Xylitol has found increasing use in the food industries, especially in confectionary. It is the only so-called "second-generation polyol sweeteners" that is allowed to have the specific health claims in some world markets. In this ...
Birnbaum N G - - 1997
The USDA regulates veterinary biological products for fish in the U.S. to ensure that they are pure, safe, potent and efficacious, and not worthless, contaminated, dangerous, or harmful. To market a biological, USDA establishment and product licences (for U.S. biologicals manufacturers) or a USDA permit (for U.S. representatives of biologicals ...
Nesbitt P D - - 1997
Epidemiologic, in vitro, and in vivo studies support the hypothesis that mammalian lignans have cancer protective effects. Flaxseed is the richest source of plant precursors to mammalian lignans. However, there are limited data on the lignans from processed foods containing flaxseed, despite increasing flaxseed use. Thus the objective of this ...
Berry S - - 1996
This paper focuses on how changes in the economic and regulatory environment have affected production costs and product characteristics in the automobile industry. We estimate "hedonic cost functions" that relate product-level costs to their characteristics. Then we examine how this cost surface has changed over time and how these changes ...
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