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Tauras John A - - 2005
While much is known about the economic determinants of tobacco use, very little is known about the economic determinants of nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) use. This paper is the first econometric study to examine the impact of advertising on NRT demand. Pooled cross-sectional time-series scanner-based data for 50 major metropolitan ...
Chua Richard - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the labeling accuracy and product uniformity of available soy isoflavone products in the eastern Washington State region for 13 products and to perform a cost comparison based on the isoflavone content in milligrams for 11 products. DESIGN: Thirteen (13) isoflavone products (7 tablet and 6 capsule formulations) ...
Koutsoumanis K - - 2005
The principles of a novel chill chain management policy, coded Safety Monitoring and Assurance System (SMAS) for the optimisation of the distribution of chilled food products within the chill chain are developed. In this system, a new approach based on actual risk evaluation at important points of the chill chain ...
Adeokun, OA; College of ...
The paper reviews soil management practices for enhanced food production in Nigeria. The different types of soil in Nigeria were discussed. The paper further gave details of the management practices that farmers could benefit from to enhance their productivity. These included alley cropping, agro-forestry, minimum tillage/No tillage, organic mulch and ...
Hazel Clare M - - 2004
Trichothecene mycotoxins frequently occur in cereal grains that are intended for food production. The process of converting grains into food and drinks for consumers has significant effects on the levels of toxins in the final food. Surveillance of retail food and drinks of cereal origin demonstrates that trichothecenes do survive ...
Kartal S N - - 2004
Biomass slurry fuel (BSF) production has recently been developed as a natural energy for the conversion of solid biomass into fuel. In addition to using fuel, filtrates from BSF production may also serve a chemical source with several organic compounds. There is an increasing interest in the research and application ...
Goodyear K L - - 2004
The UK Government is committed to promoting the responsible use of antimicrobial products. As part of this commitment, the Veterinary Medicines Directorate (VMD), an agency of the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, collates and publishes reports detailing the quantities of veterinary antimicrobial products sold by the pharmaceutical companies ...
Nyambaka Hudson - - 2004
Processing of foods, especially dehydration is known to result in alteration of sensory and nutritional qualities. Cowpea leaves is one of the common leafy vegetables consumed in Kenya that contain high levels of pro-vitamin A compounds and has good carotene retention during processing. A tasting panel was trained using a ...
Pulz Otto - - 2004
The biotechnology of microalgae has gained considerable importance in recent decades. Applications range from simple biomass production for food and feed to valuable products for ecological applications. For most of these applications, the market is still developing and the biotechnological use of microalgae will extend into new areas. Considering the ...
Taormina Peter J - - 2004
Many meat-based food products are cooked to temperatures sufficient to inactivate vegetative cells of Clostridium perfringens, but spores of this bacterium can survive, germinate, and grow in these products if sufficient time, temperature, and other variables exist. Because ingestion of large numbers of vegetative cells can lead to concomitant sporulation, ...
Di Pietro A - - 2004
Owing to the significant role in gastrointestinal illness of A. hydrophila, frequently detected in various raw and ready-to eat foods, its pathogenetic mechanisms are particularly studied. In this paper we report the results obtained studying in vitro the effect of O2 tension and inoculum age on the extra cellular products ...
Appiah, F. L.; Department ...
Cheese production has been in existence for more than 4000 years as a way of preserving milk and also serve as a source of protein supply and food or meat substitute. In Ghana as in other Sub-Sahara African countries, traditional cheese termed 'Woagashie', is gradually gaining popularity. A study was ...
Celeste Lacuna-Richman
Indigenous people, such as the Tagbanua of Palawan Island in the Philippines, are often considered to be experienced and responsible users of natural resources. The Tagbanua have traditionally been involved in the collection of nonwood forest products (NWFPs) both for trade and for subsistence purposes. The proximity of many Tagbanua ...
Fine F - - 2004
The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficiency of pulsed light on the destruction of dried microorganisms on fluidized glass beads and to determine treatment parameters (energy level, water activity, final product quality) for process optimization. The applied drying method allowed microorganisms to remain viable on glass beads ...
Drake MaryAnne - - 2004
Production and consumption of dairy foods continue to increase annually. Further, new ingredient applications for dairy foods continue to expand. With continued production and consumption, there is also increased competition. Increased competition exists regionally, nationally, and globally. Processors as well as product developers must find ways to maximize existing markets ...
Domínguez-Bocanegra A R - - 2004
Astaxanthin extracted from green algae is desirable in the food and pharmaceutical industries due to its antioxidant properties. The green unicellular clear water microalga Haematococcus pluvialis has a high production rate of astaxanthin; indeed, it contains more than 80% astaxanthin content in its cells. This remarkable astaxanthin production is commonly ...
Konstantinou I K - - 2004
Organic booster biocides were recently introduced as alternatives to organotin compounds in antifouling products, after restrictions imposed on the use of tributyltin (TBT) in 1987. Replacement products are generally based on copper metal oxides and organic biocides. This ban has led to an increase in alternative coating products containing the ...
Guardiola Francesc - - 2004
The main aspects related to the analysis of sterol oxidation products (SOP) in foods are comprehensively reviewed. Special emphasis is placed on the critical and controversial points of this analysis because these points affect crucial analytical parameters such as precision, accuracy, selectivity, and sensitivity. The effect of sample preparation and ...
Ruiz-Capillas Claudia - - 2004
It has been recognized for some time that biogenic amines occur in a wide range of foods, among them meat and meat products. Meat is an important component of the diet in developed countries. The presence of these amines in food is of interest for two reasons: firstly, for toxicological ...
Smith James P - - 2004
Bakery products are an important part of a balanced diet and, today, a wide variety of such products can be found on supermarket shelves. This includes unsweetened goods (bread, rolls, buns, crumpets, muffins and bagels), sweet goods (pancakes, doughnuts, waffles and cookies) and filled goods (fruit and meat pies, sausage ...
Zheng Xian-Jun - - 2004
Batch experiments were carried out to examine the productions of hydrogen and volatile fatty acids from glucose by enriched anaerobic culture in the presence of Cu and Zn. Results showed the specific hydrogen production rate was enhanced by the dosage of Cu at 50-100 mg/dm3 or the dosage of Zn ...
Yan Hai - - 2004
A cyanobacterial strain, which produced high content of microcystin-LR (MC-LR) but no microcystin-RR (MC-RR), was isolated from the hypertrophic Dianchi Lake in China and identified as Microcystis aeruginosa DC-1. Effects of nitrogen containing chemicals and trace elements on the growth and the production of MC-LR by this strain were studied. ...
Lysaght Michael J - - 2004
This study was undertaken to assess the impact of current economic conditions and recent disappointing product launches on the field of tissue engineering. Data were collected on all firms known to be active in the field, analyzed, and compared with analogous data collected in 1995, 1998, and 2000. As of ...
Dinçer A Handan - - 2004
Means of controlling or even improving the safety of food products is to decontaminate the carcasses or products during or at the end of the production line. The decontamination of meat and poultry can help to reduce human foodborne infections. However, process hygiene to prevent contamination should never be neglected. ...
Benner R A RA - - 2004
Putrescine, cadaverine, and indole production capabilities of bacteria isolated from wild domestic and aquacultured Ni-caraguan penaeid shrimp in progressive decomposition states were evaluated. The numbers and types of microorganisms responsible for the production of putrescine, cadaverine, and indole in wild and aquacultured shrimp increased with increasing decomposition temperature and time. ...
Fabrellas C - - 2004
The odour threshold concentrations (OTCs) levels of aldehydes and alkyl nitriles, two groups of disinfection by-products of water treatment, have been studied in order to know if some of these compounds can be associated with off-flavour events. For aldehydes, as a result of the values obtained, which are in the ...
Park Jang Hyun - - 2004
A series of styrylquinazoline derivatives (2a-k) were prepared and evaluated for their inhibiton of prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) production by cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2). The latter was induced by lipopolysaccharide-stimulated macrophage cells RAW264.7. 3', 4'-Dihydroxylated styrylquinazolines (2a-c), 3'-hydroxylated styrylquinazolines (2h, 2i), and 3'-acetoxy-styrylquinazolines (2j, 2k) exhibited good inhibitory effects of PGE(2) production by ...
Vollenweider S - - 2004
3-hydroxypropionaldehyde (3-HPA) forms, together with HPA-hydrate and HPA-dimer, a dynamic, multi-component system (HPA system) used in food preservation, as a precursor for many modern chemicals such as acrolein, acrylic acid, and 1,3-propanediol (1,3-PDO), and for polymer production. 3-HPA can be obtained both through traditional chemistry and bacterial fermentation. To date, ...
Zaripheh Susan - - 2003
Epidemiologic evidence suggests a possible role for lycopene-rich foods in the prevention of prostate cancer and cardiovascular disease. Despite active research in disease reduction, there is a paucity of information on the absorption, biodistribution and metabolism of lycopene. The aim of this study was to evaluate the biodistribution of 14C-lycopene ...
Kohl Eun-Sung - - 2003
Erythritol production by an osmophilic mutant of Candida magnoliae was performed in fermentations of up 50 l to develop an optimized commercial process. By simultaneous feeding glucose and yeast extract, erythritol productivity of 1.2 g l(-1) h(-1) was reached giving 200 g erythritol l(-1) with a yield of 0.43 g ...
Rousseaux Colin G - - 2003
Herbal remedies and alternative medicines are used throughout the world, and in the past herbs were often the original sources of most drugs. Today we are witnessing an increase in herbal remedy use throughout the Western world raising the question as to how safe are these preparations for the unborn ...
Steinfeld Henning - - 2003
Livestock ownership currently supports and sustains the livelihoods of an estimated 675 million rural poor, who depend partially or fully on livestock for their income and/or subsistence. Human population growth, increasing urbanization and rising incomes are predicted to double the demand for, and production of, livestock and livestock products in ...
Hurling Robert - - 2003
It was hypothesised that consumers' expectations of liking for a food would be affected by its appearance both when raw and when cooked and that the impact of these expectations on actual liking for the product after eating would vary with consumer awareness of internal body states (private body consciousness). ...
Smyth Stuart - - 2003
Biotechnology has the potential to introduce new food safety risks, liabilities and benefits, and although privately managed supply chains (involving proactive management of the production of branded products) are effective at providing, managing and communicating adequate information about products with well understood risks, products with uncertain risks pose a greater ...
Bailey Kenneth W - - 2003
The United States dairy processing sector is dynamic and adaptive to new changes in the market place. Changes in consumer preferences and manufacturing technologies are resulting in new challenges to the processing sector. Consumers want a wider array of quality dairy products. Fluid processors are adapting to changing consumer demands ...
Laufenberg Günther - - 2003
Waste can contain many reusable substances of high value. Depending on there being an adequate technology this residual matter can be converted into commercial products either as raw material for secondary processes, as operating supplies or as ingredients of new products. Numerous valuable substances in food production are suitable for ...
Kugel Gerard - - 2003
Sales of over-the-counter (OTC) tooth-whitening products have increased sharply in recent years because of heightened consumer demand for esthetic care, success of in-office and professional home bleaching systems, and heavy promotion by product manufacturers. All the whitening products contain hydrogen peroxide or carbamide peroxide and differ in their mode of ...
Tanner Carmen - - 2003
The coincidence effect--a phenomenon known in similarity research--suggests that people assign extra weight to features that 2 items have in common. The role of this effect in 2 kinds of environmental judgments about food products is investigated. Task 1 ("How environmentally friendly is a particular food product compared with a ...
Bal Karol - - 2003
The fat content and fatty acid composition (saturated, mono- and polyunsaturated in cis and trans configuration) in selected food products was determined. From over 2000 products investigated in recent years, results are given for some soft and hard margarines, oils and butter as well as butter-like products. It has been ...
Vohra Ashima - - 2003
The review deals with phytase-producing microorganisms along with optimum conditions for its production. Various methods used for purifying phytases and their characteristics are discussed. Heterologous gene expression, cost-effective large-scale phytase production, and various biotechnological applications of the enzyme in animal feed and food industries are also discussed.
Arvanitoyannis Ioannis S - - 2003
Multivariate analysis has been established as a very powerful and effective tool in classifying and grouping individual products. Principal Component Analysis, Canonical analysis, Cluster and Partial Least Squares were found to be indispensable for classifying food products according to variety and/or geographical origin. Meat and meat products were correctly classified ...
Yoshihara Kazutoshi - - 2003
The effect of the rare sugar D-psicose on chitosan production by Rhizopus oryzae was studied. The fungus was not able to utilize D-psicose as a sole source of carbon, either for germination of the spores or for growth of the vegetative cells. In a medium containing a low amount of ...
Dekker Matthijs - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Many epidemiological studies have tried to associate the intake of certain food products with a reduced risk for certain diseases. Results of these studies are often ambiguous, conflicting, or show very large deviations of trends. Nevertheless, a clear and often reproduced inverse association is observed between total vegetable and ...
Schifferstein Hendrik N J - - 2002
In accounting for an odorant's effect on the evaluation of a product, both the odor's intrinsic pleasantness and its appropriateness for that particular product are relevant. When comparing the effects of pleasant smells, consumers are likely to prefer products with appropriate smells to those with an inappropriate smell. We investigated ...
Lukiwati D. R,Simanungkalit R. ...
Soybean is a crop that is used for human food and livestock feed. Plant improvement generally seeks to increase the proportion of dry matter (DM) production that goes to seed production. The Latosolic soil used for food crop production in Indonesia is characterized by low pH, and low nutrient availability, ...
Leblanc Jean-Charles - - 2002
The aim of this study was to estimate the exposure to deoxynivalenol in wheat of consumers of organic and conventional products using a probabilistic method, and to compare these levels with a toxicological reference so as to provide risk managers with scientific data to be used in the regulatory decision-making ...
Sørum Henning - - 2002
A series of antibiotic resistance genes have been sequenced and found to be identical or nearly identical in various ecological environments. Similarly, genetic vectors responsible for assembly and mobility of antibiotic resistance genes, such as transposons, integrons and R plasmids of similar or identical type are also widespread in various ...
Brauer David - - 2002
Shiitake (Lentinula edodes (Berk.) Pegler) mushroom production in the United States has increased greatly over the last twenty years. Additional expansion of the shiitake mushroom market should be possible if the product can be marketed as a functional food, i.e., a food that has health-promoting effects beyond its nutritional value. ...
Vilesov Alexander D - - 2002
Two types of simple compact apparatuses for microencapsulation and microgranulation have been developed. The vibration-type apparatus is a better fit for producing gel-like microgranules of 1.5-3.0 mm in diameter to be used in production of food (fodder) products and additives and microgranulated cell culture. The spray apparatus is fit for ...
Döös Bo R - - 2002
This paper examines the problem of the development of models capable of predicting the capacity of the global food production system. In particular, it identifies the various factors influencing the food production, and estimates their relative influence and predictability. The paper discusses also the problems connected with coupling of models ...
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