Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 566
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Sugimoto Naoki - - 2006
Sandarac resin, a natural gum base, is described as "a substance composed mainly of sandaracopimaric acid obtained from the secretion of sandarac trees" in the List of Existing Food Additives in Japan. To evaluate its quality as a food additive, the main constituents in a sandarac resin product were investigated. ...
de Vos Willem M - - 2006
The concentrations and biological effects of nutrients, antinutrients and bioactive compounds, including microbes and their constituents, are affected by production and processing steps, the food matrix in which they reside, the way they are digested and metabolized in the human body, and whether or not and in what form they ...
Hubinger Jean C - - 2006
A rapid and sensitive reverse-phase HPLC method with UV detection was developed for the quantitation of dimethyl phthalate (DMP), diethyl phthalate (DEP), butyl benzyl phthalate (BBP), dibutyl phthalate (DBP), and di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) in cosmetic preparations. Average recoveries of the phthalate esters were better than 90%. In a survey of ...
Oliveira-Castro Jorge M - - 2006
Following the behavior-analytic tradition of analyzing individual behavior, the present research investigated demand elasticity of individual consumers purchasing supermarket products, and compared individual and group analyses of elasticity. Panel data from 80 UK consumers purchasing 9 product categories (i.e., baked beans, biscuits, breakfast cereals, butter, cheese, fruit juice, instant coffee, ...
Keshavanath P - - 2006
The effectiveness of pressmud, a sugarcane by-product, was tested as a manure in the production of natural food and carp, by conducting two experiments. The first experiment, of 5 weeks duration, examined the effect of pressmud addition on water quality and natural food production. This study was carried out in ...
Cardone Franco - - 2006
Bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) contamination of the human food chain most likely resulted from nervous system tissue in mechanically recovered meat used in the manufacture of processed meats. The availability of effective decontamination methods for products considered at risk for BSE or other transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs) would be an ...
Huijbregts Mark A J - - 2006
The appropriateness of the fossil Cumulative Energy Demand (CED) as an indicator for the environmental performance of products and processes is explored with a regression analysis between the environmental life-cycle impacts and fossil CEDs of 1218 products, divided into the product categories "energy production", "material production", "transport", and "waste treatment". ...
Henry R - - 2006
The annual variability of the photosynthetic production (PP) by phytoplankton in the lacustrine zone of the Jurumirim Reservoir (São Paulo, Brazil) was evaluated in a three-year study to identify recurrent patterns and their causes. Variability in PP was measured daily during two periods of the year (the dry and rainy ...
Maciuc F - - 2006
Data from a dedicated cosmic ray run of the ALEPH detector were used in a study of muon trident production, i.e., muon pairs produced by muons. Here the overburden and the calorimeters are the target materials while the ALEPH time projection chamber provides the momentum measurements. A theoretical estimate of ...
Etschmann M M W - - 2006
The natural aroma chemicals 2-phenylethanol (2-PE) and 2-phenylethylacetate (2-PEAc) are of high industrial relevance and can be produced from L-phenylalanine in a yeast-based process with growth-associated product formation. Due to product inhibition, in situ product removal is mandatory to obtain economically interesting concentrations. A fed-batch approach using polypropylene glycol 1200 ...
Murphy Michael R MR Air Force Res. Lab., City-Base, TX 78235, USA. - - 2006
ICES develops (1) standards for the safe use of electromagnetic energy in the range of 0 Hz to 300 GHz relative to the potential hazards of exposure to humans, volatile materials, and explosive devices, (2) standards for products that emit electromagnetic energy by design or as a by-product of their ...
Bengtsson Björn - - 2006
The banned use of antimicrobial growth promoters resulted in a considerably decreased use of antimicrobials in food animal production in Sweden (65%), Denmark (47%), Norway (40%) and Finland (27%). The current prevalence of antimicrobial resistance in animal bacterial populations is also considerably lower than in some other countries in the ...
Yuan Gaofeng - - 2006
The aim of this review paper was to summarise some commonly available natural products and their anti-inflammatory activity. We have collected data from MEDLINE, Current Contents and scientific journals, which included 92 publications. There are numerous natural products detailed in this literature; however we have summarized a few of the ...
Sabater Bartolomé - - 2006
The physiology at limiting and stress conditions challenges the current view that the overall reaction of metabolic processes is always far from equilibrium and, therefore, that organisms are not committed to lower their rates of entropy production. Plausibly, critical steps of natural selection takes place at limiting conditions, near equilibrium, ...
Lacuna-Richman Celeste - - 2006
Migrants are often constrained by a lack of knowledge regarding their new environment and require new skills for their livelihood. In Palawan, some of these necessary skills and knowledge are related to the collection and use of non-wood forest products (NWFPs), many of which the migrants were previously not familiar ...
Baker Rodney - - 2006
Since World War II the use of antimicrobial products associated with food animal production has increased. Antimicrobials along with evolving production practices have significantly increased throughput, animal welfare, and improved health. Concerns surrounding the growing significance of emerging and in some cases rapidly disseminating antibiotic (antimicrobial) resistant bacterial pathogens among ...
Brandon Esther F A - - 2006
This paper describes the applicability of in vitro digestion models as a tool for consumer products in (ad hoc) risk assessment. In current risk assessment, oral bioavailability from a specific product is considered to be equal to bioavailability found in toxicity studies in which contaminants are usually ingested via liquids ...
Reiner Jessica L - - 2006
Occurrence of the polycyclic musks, 1,3,4,6,7,8-hexahydro-4,6,6,7,8,8-hexamethylcyclopenta[g]-2-benzopyran (HHCB) and 7-acetyl-1,1,3,4,4,6-hexamethyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydronapthalene (AHTN), in wastewater influent and effluent, as well as in surface waters, has been reported. HHCB and AHTN were also reported to occur in human and wildlife tissues. The major sources for HHCB and AHTN to wastewater are thought to be ...
Dietrich Hansjörg - - 2005
Amino acids were immobilised by attaching them via a carbamate linker to Wang resin. These intermediates were converted to 1-(1,3-benzoxazol-2-yl)alkanamines over three steps, followed by coupling with 4-alkyl-6-chloro-1,3,5-triazine-2-amines to furnish the desired N-[1-(1,3-benzoxazol-2-yl)alkyl]-6-alkyl-1,3,5-triazine-2,4-diamines. Physico-chemical property profiles were used to support design and development of a combinatorial library. The synthetic methodology ...
Kishimoto N - - 2005
The effects of hydrodynamic conditions on the production of hydroxyl radicals (*OH) during electrochemical treatment using a titanium coated by platinum anode and a stainless steel cathode are discussed in this paper. The sample used was ultra-pure water containing 200 mM of 5,5-dimethyl-1-pyrroline-N-oxide (DMPO). The amount of *OH for treatment ...
Bird Kevin D - - 2005
The authors provide generalizations of R. J. Boik's (1993) studentized maximum root (SMR) procedure that allow for simultaneous inference on families of product contrasts including simple effect contrasts and differences among simple effect contrasts in coherent analyses of data from 2-factor fixed-effects designs. Unlike the F-based simultaneous test procedures (STPs) ...
Shah Sachin - - 2005
PURPOSE: A number of immunoglobulin intravenous (IGIV) products have been approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and are available commercially. Factors that need to be taken into consideration when selecting an appropriate IGIV product are discussed. SUMMARY: Pathogen safety is of particular concern in IGIV products. Manufacturers of ...
Tenbült Petra - - 2005
This study examines people's acceptance of genetically modified (GM) food. Results suggest that GM acceptance depends most on how natural the genetically modified product is perceived and not directly on how natural the non-GM product is seen. A GM product that is perceived as more natural is more likely to ...
Dai Dazhang - - 2005
Alkaline lipase production was performed in submerged fermentation by Penicillium expansum PED-03. It was found that the suitable carbon source and nitrogen source for lipase production were 0.5% starch and 4.0% soybean meal, respectively. The maximal lipase activity (850 U/mL) of production was achieved at initial pH 5.5-6.0, 26 degrees ...
Fagerström Karl - - 2005
Tobacco--particularly smoked products--has been associated with great harm and growing public disapproval and can be expected to suffer in the marketplace. This situation has created opportunities for other less harmful nicotine-containing products such as smokeless tobacco and nicotine replacement products, which are gaining public support. Little is known about the ...
Andersson Rune - - 2005
Food 21, an interdisciplinary research program encompassing the whole agro-food chain, was conducted in Sweden during 1997-2004. The challenges undertaken were to come up with environmental tools and solutions to existing nonsustainable practices along the entire food chain. This required close collaboration between the scientists and the food chain stakeholders. ...
Maskey Rajendra P - - 2005
In our screening of microorganisms for new natural products, the fungus Penicillium notatum delivered further members of the sorbicillin family, namely, the sohirnones A [3, 1-(2,4-dihydroxy-5-methylphenyl)hex-4-en-1-one], B [4a, 1-(2,4,5-trihydroxy-3,6-dimethylphenyl)hexa-2,4-dien-1-one], and C [5, 1-(2,4,5-trihydroxy-3,6-dimethylphenyl)hex-4-en-1-one]. A stable tautomer of oxosorbicillinol (7) was characterized as 6, and the recently described 7-deacetoxyyanuthone (8) was ...
Lindsay David S - - 2005
High pressure processing (HPP) has been shown to be an effective non-thermal method of eliminating non-spore forming bacteria from a variety of food products. The shelf-life of the products is extended and the sensory features of the food are not or only minimally effected by HPP The present study examined ...
Ocampo L M - - 2005
A questionnaire-based survey was conducted in small-scale pig farms in the rain forest of the Colombian Pacific coast in order to study aspects of reproduction, nutrition and productivity. A total of 124 farmers was interviewed. They owned, on average, 13.6 pigs, including 2.3 sows, mainly of the Zungo breed. Pigs ...
Dukhin A S - - 2005
It has been known for a long time that acoustic measurements offer some unique features for characterizing liquid food products in their intact state, without any preparation or destruction of the product sample. Acoustic characterization can yield information about fat content, droplet size distribution, and kinetics of product variation with ...
McCreadie Kristy - - 2005
'Out of date' or near out of date' foods are regularly imported into the Palau from the US and Australasia. The sale of such food products has recently been recognised by Palau as a significant public health threat for both its tourists and local population. The aim of this study ...
Hu Yilin - - 2005
The biosynthesis of the FeMo cofactor (FeMoco) of Azotobacter vinelandii nitrogenase presumably starts with the production of its Fe/S core by NifB (the nifB gene product). This core is subsequently processed on the alpha2beta2 tetrameric NifEN complex (formed by the nifE and nifN gene products). In this article, we identify ...
Dawson S - - 2005
We present total rates and kinematic distributions for the associated production of a single bottom quark and a Higgs boson at the Fermilab Tevatron and CERN Large Hardon Collider. We include next-to-leading order QCD corrections and compare the results obtained in the four and five flavor number schemes for parton ...
Kolarzyk Emilia - - 2005
The aim of the study was the analysis of the changes in the kind and the frequency of particular nutritional products consumption by opiate addicted persons during 4-year lasting methadone programme. There were 30 opiate addicted patients under examination (23 men and 7 women). Food consumption quality was estimated with ...
La Torre A - - 2005
Cupric products at low dose and alternative compounds have been tested to control the downy mildew in an organic vineyard. It has found that copper compounds control downy mildew in a satisfactory way, reducing, at the same time, the dose of copper metal. The alternative products were not satisfactory to ...
Sales A C - - 2005
Microbiological and physicochemical factors affecting the incidence of Aspergillus section Flavi in dried Cavendish banana (Musa cavendishii) chips production in Southern Philippines were examined. The average counts of Aspergillus section Flavi (AFC) in fresh and dried Cavendish bananas from 10 production batches of the Philippine Agro-Industrial Development Cooperative in Davao ...
Berghofer E - - 2005
Social and economic changes as well as technological innovations in recent years, have caused dramatic changes regarding the kind of nutrition supply observed. The provoking question now is, if a recommendable nutrition and diet diversification is possible with the convenience products available on the market at present. Depending on the ...
Lamphear Barry J - - 2005
The availability of foods low in sugar content yet high in flavour is critically important to millions of individuals conscious of carbohydrate intake for diabetic or dietetic purposes. Brazzein is a sweet protein occurring naturally in a tropical plant that is impractical to produce economically on a large scale, thus ...
Nakano Takuo - - 2004
This study was undertaken to develop a method to isolate glycomacropeptide (GMP), a bioactive compound, from sweet whey by using chitosan resins as anion exchangers. Shrimp shells were used to prepare two chitosan (polyglucosamine) resins, one with the primary amine (-NH(2)) (resin A) and the other with the secondary amine ...
Tauras John A - - 2005
While much is known about the economic determinants of tobacco use, very little is known about the economic determinants of nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) use. This paper is the first econometric study to examine the impact of advertising on NRT demand. Pooled cross-sectional time-series scanner-based data for 50 major metropolitan ...
Chua Richard - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the labeling accuracy and product uniformity of available soy isoflavone products in the eastern Washington State region for 13 products and to perform a cost comparison based on the isoflavone content in milligrams for 11 products. DESIGN: Thirteen (13) isoflavone products (7 tablet and 6 capsule formulations) ...
Koutsoumanis K - - 2005
The principles of a novel chill chain management policy, coded Safety Monitoring and Assurance System (SMAS) for the optimisation of the distribution of chilled food products within the chill chain are developed. In this system, a new approach based on actual risk evaluation at important points of the chill chain ...
Hazel Clare M - - 2004
Trichothecene mycotoxins frequently occur in cereal grains that are intended for food production. The process of converting grains into food and drinks for consumers has significant effects on the levels of toxins in the final food. Surveillance of retail food and drinks of cereal origin demonstrates that trichothecenes do survive ...
Goodyear K L - - 2004
The UK Government is committed to promoting the responsible use of antimicrobial products. As part of this commitment, the Veterinary Medicines Directorate (VMD), an agency of the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, collates and publishes reports detailing the quantities of veterinary antimicrobial products sold by the pharmaceutical companies ...
Kartal S N - - 2004
Biomass slurry fuel (BSF) production has recently been developed as a natural energy for the conversion of solid biomass into fuel. In addition to using fuel, filtrates from BSF production may also serve a chemical source with several organic compounds. There is an increasing interest in the research and application ...
Nyambaka Hudson - - 2004
Processing of foods, especially dehydration is known to result in alteration of sensory and nutritional qualities. Cowpea leaves is one of the common leafy vegetables consumed in Kenya that contain high levels of pro-vitamin A compounds and has good carotene retention during processing. A tasting panel was trained using a ...
Pulz Otto - - 2004
The biotechnology of microalgae has gained considerable importance in recent decades. Applications range from simple biomass production for food and feed to valuable products for ecological applications. For most of these applications, the market is still developing and the biotechnological use of microalgae will extend into new areas. Considering the ...
Taormina Peter J - - 2004
Many meat-based food products are cooked to temperatures sufficient to inactivate vegetative cells of Clostridium perfringens, but spores of this bacterium can survive, germinate, and grow in these products if sufficient time, temperature, and other variables exist. Because ingestion of large numbers of vegetative cells can lead to concomitant sporulation, ...
Di Pietro A - - 2004
Owing to the significant role in gastrointestinal illness of A. hydrophila, frequently detected in various raw and ready-to eat foods, its pathogenetic mechanisms are particularly studied. In this paper we report the results obtained studying in vitro the effect of O2 tension and inoculum age on the extra cellular products ...
Konstantinou I K - - 2004
Organic booster biocides were recently introduced as alternatives to organotin compounds in antifouling products, after restrictions imposed on the use of tributyltin (TBT) in 1987. Replacement products are generally based on copper metal oxides and organic biocides. This ban has led to an increase in alternative coating products containing the ...
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