Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 580
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >
Adeleye Bernice - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Dysphagia, or difficulty swallowing, affects an estimated 15 million Americans. Its management may include use of instant food thickener (IFT) to modify beverage consistency to minimize the risk of aspiration and prevent dehydration. However, inconsistencies with the desired viscosity of these thickened liquids occur both within and across product ...
Dittmaier S - - 2007
We report on the calculation of the next-to-leading-order QCD corrections to the production of top-quark-top-antiquark pairs in association with a hard jet at the Fermilab Tevatron and the CERN Large Hadron Collider. We present results for the tt[over ]+jet cross section and the forward-backward charge asymmetry. The corrections stabilize the ...
Ramos, Jaime A; Institute ...
This paper summarises up to 16 years of data on the productivity of Roseate Terns and Lesser Noddies on Aride Island, Seychelles, in order to assess: (1) the magnitude of variation in reproductive parameters, (2) the factors influencing their breeding success, and (3) whether common factors influenced the productivity of ...
Pietrini Matteo - - 2007
A cradle-to-grave environmental life cycle assessment (LCA) of a few poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) (PHB) based composites has been performed and was compared to commodity petrochemical polymers. The end products studied are a cathode ray tube (CRT) monitor housing (conventionally produced from high-impact polystyrene, HIPS) and the internal panels of an average car ...
Hagens Steven - - 2007
The incidence of foodborne infectious diseases is stable or has even increased in many countries. Consequently, our awareness regarding hygiene measures in food production has also increased dramatically over the last decades. However, even today's modern production techniques and intensive food-monitoring programs have not been able to effectively control the ...
Yang L H - - 2007
AIMS: Experiments were designed to investigate the effect of agitation on the production of violacein by a marine bacterium Pseudoalteromonas luteoviolacea. METHODS AND RESULTS: A marine sponge-associated bacterium, P. luteoviolacea, was grown at different agitation speeds. Agitation did not have a significant effect on bacterial growth, but had a profound ...
Boonsupthip W - - 2007
Frozen water fraction (FWF), as a function of temperature, is an important parameter for use in the design of food freezing processes. An FWF-prediction model, based on concentrations and molecular weights of specific product components, has been developed. Published food composition data were used to determine the identity and composition ...
Liu Hai-Jun - - 2007
1,3-Propanediol (1,3-PD) can be produced from glycerol by Klebsiella pneumoniae under micro-aerobic conditions. Recently, this fed-batch fermentation process has been successfully scaled up to 1 m(3). The final 1,3-PD concentration, molar yield and volumetric productivity of 72 g l(-1), 57% and 2.1 g l(-1 )h(-1), respectively, are close to those ...
Bozinovic Francisco - - 2007
Several competing hypotheses attempt to explain how environmental conditions affect mass-independent basal metabolic rate (BMR) in mammals. One of the most inclusive and yet debatable hypotheses is the one that associates BMR with food habits, including habitat productivity. These effects have been widely investigated at the interspecific level under the ...
Kumar P - - 2007
Continuous flow microwave sterilization is an emerging technology that has the potential to replace the conventional heating processes for viscous and pumpable food products. Dielectric properties of pumpable food products were measured by a new approach (under continuous flow conditions) at a temperature range of 20 to 130 degrees C ...
Chang Ming-Hsu - - 2007
When adjusting product prices, marketers wish information concerning consumers' price perceptions. The present study aimed to develop an optimal pricing framework for food products by applying Weber's Law and Stevens' Power Law in psychophysics. The first phase attempted to measure the differential thresholds when magnitudes of prices were raised and ...
Wang Junzhi - - 2007
A novel 18-norspirostanol saponin (1), along with Trillenoside A (2), was obtained from the underground parts of Trillium tschonoskii MAXIM., collected in Shennongjia Forest District, China. Based on the chemical and spectroscopic evidences, their structures were determined as shown in Fig. 1. 1 and 2 displayed marked inhibitory action towards ...
Mills Edward W - - 2007
Nutritional benefits of animal source foods in the diets of children in developing countries indicate a need to increase the availability of such foods to young children. A nutribusiness strategy based on a dried meat and starch product could be used to increase children's access to such foods. The "Chiparoo" ...
Borole Abhijeet P - - 2007
A techno-economic analysis of two different bioprocesses was conducted, one for the conversion of propylene to propylene oxide (PO) and other for conversion of styrene to styrene epoxide (SO). The first process was a lipase-mediated chemo-enzymatic reaction, whereas the second one was a one-step enzymatic process using chloroperoxidase. The PO ...
Medina-Martínez M S - - 2007
AIMS: Determination of the food matrix impact on the potential for N-acyl-L-homoserine lactones (AHLs) production by Yersinia enterocolitica. METHODS AND RESULTS: Induction and inhibition of a sensor strain and a fluorescent assay were used to investigate Y. enterocolitica AHL production in artificial media, as well as in different food extracts. ...
Arnoldi Anna - - 2007
Foods based on sweet lupin proteins are gaining attention from industry and consumers because of their possible role in the prevention of cardiovascular disease. When promoting lupin-based foods for inclusion in a daily diet, the thermal damage suffered during processing is of relevance to the bioactive and nutritional quality of ...
Rocha Maria V P - - 2007
In this work, the ability of biosurfactant production by Pseudomonas aeruginosa in batch cultivation using cashew apple juice (CAJ) and mineral media was evaluated. P. aeruginosa was cultivated in CAJ, which was supplemented with peptone (5.0 g/L) and nutritive broth. All fermentation assays were performed in Erlenmeyer flasks containing 300 ...
Gummadi Sathyanarayana N - - 2008
The effect of various parameters such as pH, agitation and aeration was studied for maximum production of pectin lyase (PL) and pectate lyase (PGL) by a novel yeast strain Debaryomyces nepalensis in bioreactor. The optimal levels of pH, aeration and agitation rate was found to be 7.0, 300rpm and 1vvm, ...
Ugwu C U - - 2008
Algae have attracted much interest for production of foods, bioactive compounds and also for their usefulness in cleaning the environment. In order to grow and tap the potentials of algae, efficient photobioreactors are required. Although a good number of photobioreactors have been proposed, only a few of them can be ...
Saz José María - - 2007
The increasing interest in functional and healthy food products has promoted the use of soybean in the manufacture of foods for human consumption. Soybean basic products (soybeans, textured soybean, soybean flour, soybean protein concentrate and soybean protein isolate) as well as soybean derivatives (soybean dairy-like products, soybean drinks with fruits, ...
Brandin Helena - - 2007
A selection of popular herbal medicinal products and food supplements were analysed for their potential to modulate the expression of the cytochrome P450 enzymes CYP1A2 and CYP3A4 and the transporter protein MDR1. A total of 31 products were analysed. Nine of the products have been approved by the Medical Products ...
Kathiresan S - - 2007
Porphyridium spp. is a red micro alga and is gaining importance as a source of valuable products viz., phycobiliproteins (PB), sulfated exopolysaccharides, and polyunsaturated fatty acids with potential applications in the food and pharmaceutical industries. In the present study, the effects of the major media constituents of Porphyridium species were ...
Larena I - - 2007
AIM: To find a formulation of Epicoccum nigrum conidia that maintains a high viability over time and which proves efficient to biocontrol peach rot caused by Monilinia spp. METHODS AND RESULTS: We tested the effect of stabilizers and desiccants on the shelf-life of Epicoccum nigrum conidia. Conidial samples were dried ...
Almeida M A - - 2007
Bacterial density and productivity were investigated along four salinity gradients within the estuary Ria de Aveiro. Bacterial variables and environmental parameters were measured at three to four stations spanning the entire salinity gradient of the four channels. The rather high variation in bacterial productivity (0.16-7.6 microg C L(-1) h(-1)) along ...
Joshi Sanket - - 2007
The nutritional medium requirement for biosurfactant production by Bacillus licheniformis K51 was optimized. The important medium components, identified by the initial screening method of Plackett-Burman, were H3PO4, CaCl2, H3BO3, and Na-EDTA. Box-Behnken response surface methodology was applied to further optimize biosurfactant production. The optimal concentrations for higher production of biosurfactants ...
Galland S - - 2007
The extrusion/spheronisation technique has made a notable contribution to the existing range of pharmaceutical forms especially in the area of modified-release products. The twin product/process approach adopted in this work is based on the on-line monitoring of the hydro-textural characteristics of the product up to its final form. The objective ...
Raja R - - 2007
Halotolerant microalga Dunaliella, which is exploited for the production of dried biomass or cell extract, is used as a medicinal food. With the advancement in this field in recent years, the production of bio-organic compounds such as beta-carotene is established in many countries. Large-scale production of beta-carotene is controlled by ...
Hoogland Carolien T - - 2007
We tested how consumers recognize, understand and value on-package information about food production methods that may contribute to a more sustainable agriculture. Nine copy tests were formed, each containing one out of three products and one out of three panels of information. The products were (1) fillet of chicken, (2) ...
Russell, Matt
Study of urban community gardens in the City of Cleveland, Ohio
Schliemann Sibylle - - 2007
Skin protection products and gloves are essential constituents of personal protective equipment at workplaces, which can be used in a complementary way, each offering particular benefits and disadvantages. In many workplace situations, both measures are being used either in an alternating or in a combined manner, typically in professions with ...
Godbold Kean Linda - - 2007
A content analysis was conducted to investigate advertisements for consumption products (food, beverages, vitamins, and supplements) in a major magazine aimed at an African American female population as compared to one with a more general female readership. All advertisements for consumption products from Essence and Cosmopolitan magazines from January 2004 ...
Zoller O - - 2007
Headspace gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) has been adapted for the efficient determination of furan in foods. Levels of furan in various foods were measured in order to identify the products that contribute most to the human intake of furan. Highest amounts were found in products that were heat treated in ...
Graham Jay P - - 2007
Considerable controversy persists regarding the use of human antibiotics to promote growth in animals raised for food. The authors examined the economic effect of removing antibiotics used for growth promotion in commercial broiler chickens. The authors utilized data published by the Perdue company, the fourth largest poultry producer in the ...
Sundh Henrik H Fish Endocrinology Laboratory, Department of Zoology, Göteborg University, Box 463, SE-405 30 Göteborg, - - 2007
Previous studies have shown that specific binding of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25(OH)2D3) and 24,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (24,25(OH)2D3) to enterocyte basolateral membranes (BLM), as well as circulating concentrations, is affected in response to changes in environmental salinity. It is not known if the production of 1,25(OH)2D3 and 24,25(OH)2D3 is affected by environmental salinity. ...
Buck C Loren - - 2007
Seabird productivity is shaped by marine resource availability. We examined the link between seabird productivity and an indirect measure of food availability: baseline plasma corticosterone. We predicted low productivity would coincide with elevated baseline corticosterone levels in Black-legged Kittiwakes (Rissa tridactyla). During a 5-year period of declining Kittiwake productivity in ...
Sharpe Patricia A - - 2006
The sale of nonprescription weight-loss products accounts for millions of dollars spent by Americans trying to lose weight, yet there is little evidence for effectiveness and there are multiple safety concerns. The purpose of this study was to determine what products, and ingredients within products, were available at retail outlets ...
Rudi Knut - - 2007
The aim of this work was to evaluate restriction fragment melting curve analyses (RFMCA) as a novel approach for rapid classification of bacteria during food production. RFMCA was evaluated for bacteria isolated from sous vide food products, and raw materials used for sous vide production. We identified four major bacterial ...
Wijnands L M - - 2006
Randomly selected food commodities, categorized in product groups, were investigated for the presence and number of Bacillus cereus bacteria. If positive, and when possible, five separate colonies were isolated and investigated for the presence of four virulence factors: presence of genes encoding three enterotoxins (hemolysin BL [HBL], nonhemolytic enterotoxin [NHE], ...
Criado Raquel - - 2006
Polyclonal antibodies with specificity for enterocin L50A (EntL50A), enterocin L50B (EntL50B), and enterocin Q (EntQ) produced by Enterococcus faecium L50 have been generated by immunization of rabbits with chemically synthesized peptides derived from the C terminus of EntL50A (LR1) and EntL50B (LR2) and from the complete enterocin Q (EntQ) conjugated ...
Sayyad Sadik Ali - - 2007
Lovastatin, an inhibitor of HMG-CoA reductase, was produced by submerged fermentation using Monascus purpureus MTCC 369. Five nutritional parameters screened using Plackett-Burman experimental design were optimized by Box-Behnken factorial design of response surface methodology for lovastatin production in shake flask cultures. Maximum lovastatin production of 351 mg/l were predicted in ...
Manary Mark J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Ready-to-use therapeutic food (RUTF) spread has been shown to be very effective in the rehabilitation of severely malnourished children and facilitates home-based therapy of these children. OBJECTIVE: To describe how RUTF spread can be manufactured on a variety of production scales. PRINCIPLES OF PRODUCTION: RUTF spread is an edible ...
Riewpaiboon Arthorn - - 2006
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate expenditures and categories of herbal product consumption in drugstores in Thailand. METHODS: The study was designed as a cross-sectional descriptive research. Study population was drugs and foods produced from herbs sold in all registered drugstores in Thailand. Regarding sampling, one province ...
Dei, HK; Department of ...
Normal maize is a carbohydrate food that serves as one of the main dietary sources of protein in many rural communities in Ghana. However, the quality of its protein is poor, hence, the need for protein supplementation and complementation with animal products and legumes. Maize breeding strategies have culminated in ...
Velasco S - - 2006
Natural exopolysaccharides (EPSs) from food-grade lactic acid bacteria have potential for development and exploitation as food additives and functional food ingredients with both health and economic benefits. In this study, we have examined the physiological capacity of EPS production in Pediococcus parvulus 2.6. EPS formation by P. parvulus 2.6 was ...
van den Heuvel Timon - - 2006
Information regarding the method of production of food products influences the decision-making process of consumers. The aim of this study is investigate to what extent information about genomics biases consumer decision making. We investigate the exact source of the biasing nature by separating the effect on consumer beliefs and the ...
Grothaus G David - - 2006
Immunoassays for biotechnology engineered proteins are used by AgBiotech companies at numerous points in product development and by feed and food suppliers for compliance and contractual purposes. Although AgBiotech companies use the technology during product development and seed production, other stakeholders from the food and feed supply chains, such as ...
Fukuda Miwa - - 2006
Various measurements of microbial productivity in streambed pebble biofilms were analyzed almost monthly for 1 year to quantify the importance of primary production as an autochthonous source of organic matter utilized to support heterotrophic bacterial production in the dynamic food web within this natural microbial habitat. Bacterial density varied from ...
Melnikov Kirill - - 2006
We compute the Omicron(alpha(2)(s)) QCD corrections to the fully differential cross section pp --> WX --> lnuX, retaining all effects from spin correlations. The knowledge of these corrections makes it possible to calculate with high precision the boson production rate and acceptance at the CERN Large Hadron Collider (LHC), subject ...
Nagaokaa Megumi Hamano - - 2006
Agaricus blazei MURRILL mushroom products are sold as so-called health foods in Japan. However, a part of Agaricus is known to contain hydrazines. A sensitive and specific method for analyzing a genotoxic hydrazine, agaritine, and its derivatives was developed to assess the safety of Agaricus products. beta-N-(gamma-L(+)-Glutamyl)-4-(hydroxymethyl)phenylhydrazine (agaritine, AGT), 4-hydrazinylbenzylalcohol ...
Banik R M - - 2007
A molasses based medium for the production of gellan by Sphingomonas paucimobilis ATCC-31461 was developed. Placket-Burman design criterion was applied to study the effect of various nutrient supplements on gellan production using molasses. Among the 20 variables tested, molasses, tryptone, casaminoacid, disodium hydrogen orthophosphate and manganese chloride showed significant effect ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >