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Results 201 - 250 of 581
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Pallav P - - 2009
This research was performed with the aim of detecting foreign bodies and additives within food products, and to measure selected acoustic properties, without contact to the sample. This would allow use in manufacturing plants on production lines, where contacting the product for ultrasonic inspection would not be feasible. Images of ...
Bhattacharya Sila - - 2008
The dough, comprising a mixture of rice and blackgram, is shaped in a forming extruder followed by deep frying to obtain a crisp snack. Although it is a popular product in several oriental countries, the details of the role of raw materials and processing conditions are not known. Two different ...
Wang Youfa - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Adequate calcium intake is critical for good health. Inadequate calcium intake is a worldwide problem and is more serious in countries where consumption of dairy products is low. OBJECTIVE: To analyze worldwide trends in production and consumption of dairy products and in calcium intake. METHODS: Data were taken from ...
Mochizuki Hideo - - 2008
We previously reported that the heparan sulfate 3-O-sulfotransferase (3OST)-5 produces a novel component of heparan sulfate, i.e. the tetrasulfated disaccharide (Di-tetraS) unit ( Mochizuki, H., Yoshida, K., Gotoh, M., Sugioka, S., Kikuchi, N., Kwon, Y.-D., Tawada, A., Maeyama, K., Inaba, N., Hiruma, T., Kimata, K., and Narimatsu, H. (2003) J. ...
Sousa Ana I - - 2008
Salt marshes are among the most productive ecosystems in the world, performing important ecosystem functions, particularly nutrient recycling. In this study, a comparison is made between Mondego and Tagus estuaries in relation to the role of Spartina maritima in nitrogen retention capacity and cycling. Two mono-specific S. maritima stands per ...
Morgan Maria - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To analyse the nature and content of advertising during children's popular television viewing times with the specific aims of (i) identifying the proportion of advertising time devoted to confectionery and potentially cariogenic products (those which readily give rise to dental caries, more commonly known as tooth decay); and (ii) ...
Kulawinek Mariola - - 2008
The alkylresorcinol content and homologue composition in selected Polish rye and wheat cultivars and selected whole-grain cereal products were determined in this study. Cereal grains and whole-grain cereal products were extracted with acetone, whereas bread types were extracted with hot 1-propanol. The average alkylresorcinol content in tested rye (approximately 1100 ...
Smaali Issam - - 2009
To investigate the concept of a xylosidase-based process for the continuous production of xylose from arabinoxylan-containing feedstocks, a beta-xylosidase from Bacillus halodurans C-125 was immobilized and deployed in packed bed reactor (PBR). Among the several immobilization methods tested, glutaraldehyde-mediated immobilization on chitosan was the best both in terms of immobilization ...
Squire Matthew W - - 2008
After Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval of premixed antibiotic bone cements (polymethylmethacrylate [PMMA]), these products are being used with increasing frequency during revision and primary hip and knee arthroplasties. To date, no studies have compared the antimicrobial efficacy of more than 2 products directly. Using a 7-day modified Kirby-Bauer ...
Flaxman Samuel M - - 2008
"Morning sickness" is the common term for nausea and vomiting in early human pregnancy (NVP). Recent interest in why NVP occurs-that is, in the evolutionary costs and benefits of NVP-has spurred the development of two alternative hypotheses. The "prophylaxis," or "maternal and embryonic protection," hypothesis suggests that NVP serves a ...
Hammami Walid - - 2008
This study sought to identify the factors and conditions that affected production of the antifungal glycolipid flocculosin by the biocontrol agent Pseudozyma flocculosa. For this purpose, different parameters known or reported to influence glycolipid release in fungi were tested. Concentration of the start-up inoculum was found to play an important ...
Landete J M - - 2008
This article aims to study putrescine production in Lactobacillus hilgardii strain X(1)B, an agmatine degrader isolated from wine, and to compare it with three other different species, previously reported as putrescine producers from agmatine: Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1, Enterococcus faecalis ATCC11700 and Bacillus cereus CECT 148(T). The effect of different biogenic ...
Pufulete Maria - - 2008
Prospective cohort studies suggest that higher intakes of dairy products, in particular milk, are associated with a decreased risk of colorectal cancer (CRC). In Western populations, dairy products are major contributors to dietary Ca, which may have chemopreventive effects in the colon. The pooling of data from prospective studies suggests ...
Patil Vishwanath - - 2008
Renewable and carbon neutral biofuels are necessary for environmental and economic sustainability. The viability of the first generation biofuels production is however questionable because of the conflict with food supply. Microalgal biofuels are a viable alternative. The oil productivity of many microalgae exceeds the best producing oil crops. This paper ...
Fortman J L - - 2008
Engineered microorganisms are currently used for the production of food products, pharmaceuticals, ethanol fuel and more. Even so, the enormous potential of this technology has yet to be fully exploited. The need for sustainable sources of transportation fuels has generated a tremendous interest in technologies that enable biofuel production. Decades ...
Hill W G - - 2008
Identification of relatives using SNP markers has many possible applications. One is as a route to tracing a food product such as a cut of meat back to its source of origin by identifying the parents of the animal from which the product was derived. We develop methods for using ...
Moghadasian Mohammed H - - 2008
Evidence for the effectiveness of the enrichment of food products with n-3 fatty acids by inclusion of either plant- or fish-derived materials in the diets of chickens, turkeys, ostriches, cows, pigs, and goats has been reviewed. Both linseed oil/meal and fish products can increase the levels of total n-3 fatty ...
Haj Hassan H - - 2008
The codes WIMSD/4 and BORGES--part of the MTR-PC code package--have been applied to prepare the microscopic cross-section library for the main elements of miniature neutron source reactor (MNSR) core for six neutron energy groups. The generated library has been utilized by the 3D code CITATION to perform the calculation of ...
Schmid Neset Tina-Simone - - 2008
Phosphorus is an important substance for agricultural production of food. Being a limited resource, it is of great interest for regional, as well as global food security. At the same time it presents a pollution problem for the aquatic environment in Sweden since it contributes to eutrophication of surface waters ...
Mishra Ruchi - - 2008
Dihydroxyacetone is extensively used in cosmetic industry as an artificial suntan besides having clinical and biological applications. Thus, it is important to meet the commercial demand of dihydroxyacetone at an economical and qualitative level. Microbial route of production is found to be more favorable for dihydroxyacetone as compared to chemical ...
Larsson Sylvia H - - 2008
In this study, pre-compaction was evaluated as a method to enhance stable reed canary grass pellet production. An experimental design of the factors raw material moisture content, steam addition, raw material bulk density, and die temperature was used to find production conditions for high quality pellets by multiple linear regression ...
Meenavilli Himabindu - - 2008
Effect of production medium components, initial starch and soyabean meal concentrations, for the enhanced production of gentamicin by Micromonospora echinospora (Me- 22) was studied in a lab scale stirred tank reactor. Also effect of different aeration (0.5, 1, 2, and 4 vvm) and agitation rates (100, 200, 300 and 400 ...
Albers Matthew J - - 2008
In recent years, newer technologies have been developed to reduce the trans-fat content of fats and oils used in manufacturing food products. To examine the implications of these changes on foods in the marketplace, a survey was conducted to assess current levels of trans and saturated fat in three food ...
Turski Michal P - - 2009
Kynurenic acid (KYNA) is an endogenous antagonist of ionotropic glutamate receptors and the alpha 7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor, showing anticonvulsant and neuroprotective activity. In this study, the presence of KYNA in food and honeybee products was investigated. KYNA was found in all 37 tested samples of food and honeybee products. ...
Kerckx Yannick - - 2008
Alveolar nitric oxide (NO) concentration (Fa(NO)), increasingly considered in asthma, is currently interpreted as a reflection of NO production in the alveoli. Recent modeling studies showed that axial molecular diffusion brings NO molecules from the airways back into the alveolar compartment during exhalation (backdiffusion) and contributes to Fa(NO). Our objectives ...
Aalto-Setälä Ville - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The sales of nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) products were deregulated in Finland in February 2006. Previously all medications were sold only in pharmacies, and retail mark-ups and prices were fixed; following deregulation pricing of NRT products has been free. Further more, grocery shops, petrol stations and kiosks are now ...
Gallezot Pierre - - 2008
There are strong incentives to develop the production of fuels, chemicals and materials from biomass. However, the extensive use of biomass for industrial production, particularly for biofuels which involves high tonnages, raises environmental and ethical issues that may throw some doubts on the sustainability of these processes. The processing cost ...
Manzanera Maximino - - 2008
Biodiesel is an alternative energy source and could be a substitute for petroleum-based diesel fuel. To be a viable alternative, a biofuel should provide a net energy gain, have environmental benefits, be economically competitive, and be producible in large quantities without reducing food supplies. Most of the sources, methods and ...
Stevens Laci - - 2008
PURPOSE: The treatment of celiac disease is a strict gluten-free diet for life. This diet is assumed to be more expensive, although no studies confirm this assumption. In the current study, the prices of gluten-free foods and regular (gluten-containing) foods were compared to determine if and to what extent gluten-free ...
Mariappan T - - 2008
Productivity of defective rainwater harvesting structures (RWHS) and other peridomestic habitats for dengue vector was assessed in a coastal town in Tamil Nadu, southern India, where dengue cases were reported. Of 31,709 houses, 792, 790, and 759 were surveyed during southwest monsoon, northeast monsoon, and summer season, and RWHS were ...
Ross Jennifer J - - 2008
Food products in the United States (U.S.), including dietary supplements, may contain live microorganisms and can be promoted for general health, nutritional, or structure/function claims. In contrast, such preparations used with the intention of having a preventive or therapeutic effect in humans are regulated by the Food and Drug Administration ...
Nagle Lynn M - - 2008
Have you ever thought about why - if you do - you read the combination of ingredients found in a particular product? Usually, you want to know what makes something good for you or not; what enhances the palatability of the chosen item; or, sometimes, it's sheer curiosity as to ...
Walker Karen Z - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the proportion of snack food and beverage choices available to an Australian consumer. DESIGN: A survey of product Nutrition Information Panels (NIP) and product labels on snack foods and beverages offered for sale. Data on nutrient content were compared with criteria from different nutrient profile systems to ...
Ajah, P O; ;
<i>Scenedesmus quadricauda</i> could be produced in large amount as alternative fish food. Four batch outdoor cultures using three 10m3 concrete tanks fed with baker's yeast (<i>Saccharomyces cerevisaeM</i>)(yist), inorganic fertilizer (inorg.) and chicken manure (ckm) were carried out to mass produce <i>S. quadricauada</i>. Average peak cell densities of 11.73 x 106, ...
Brander K M - - 2007
Current global fisheries production of approximately 160 million tons is rising as a result of increases in aquaculture production. A number of climate-related threats to both capture fisheries and aquaculture are identified, but we have low confidence in predictions of future fisheries production because of uncertainty over future global aquatic ...
Page Randy M - - 2007
The aggressive advertising and marketing of high caloric food products to children is implicated as a potential causative factor in the childhood obesity epidemic. This study analyzed 147 commercials appearing during children's programming on U.S. broadcast networks for a wide range of potential emotional and rational advertising appeals. The most ...
Trelea Ioan Cristian - - 2008
The paper describes a mechanistic mathematical model for aroma release in the oropharynx to the nasal cavity during food consumption. The model is based on the physiology of the swallowing process and is validated with atmospheric pressure chemical ionization coupled with mass spectrometry measurements of aroma concentration in the nasal ...
Hardeland Rüdiger - - 2007
The different NO redox forms, NO+, *NO and HNO (=protonated NO-), were compared for their capabilities of interacting with the melatonin metabolite N1-acetyl-5-methoxykynuramine (AMK), using NO+SbF6-, PAPA-NONOate and Angeli's salt as donors of the respective NO species. Particular attention was paid to stability and possible interconversions of the redox forms. ...
Jones Jeffery A - - 2007
Singing requires accurate control of the fundamental frequency (F0) of the voice. Previous work has demonstrated that F0 control involves an interplay between closed- and open-loop control. A frequency-altered auditory feedback (FAF) paradigm was used to examine the acoustic-motor representation of the mapping between F0 feedback and the vocal production ...
Gonzálvez A - - 2008
The elemental composition of seasoning products, like spices garlic and onion, has been reviewed paying special attention to methods proposed in the literature to determine specific elements or as much as possible components of these products which are widespread used in food preservation or food flavouring and can contribute to ...
Kim Misook - - 2008
There is a growing market for oligosaccharides as sweeteners, prebiotics, anticariogenic compounds, and immunostimulating agents in both food and pharmaceutical industries. Interest in novel carbohydrate-based products has grown because of their reduced toxicity and low immune response. Cellobiose is potentially valuable as a nondigestible sugar. The reaction of cellobiose, as ...
Powell Lisa M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Television viewing is hypothesized to contribute to obesity among children and adolescents through several mechanisms that include the displacement of physical activity, snacking while watching TV, and the influence of food advertising. METHODS: This study drew on television ratings to examine the distribution of food advertising exposure among adolescents ...
Li Yin - - 2007
The objective of this study was to use statistically based experimental designs for the optimization of xylanase production from Alternaria mali ND-16. Ten components in the medium were screened for nutritional requirements. Three nutritional components, including NH(4)Cl, urea, and MgSO(4), were identified to significantly affect the xylanase production by using ...
Cilev, Goce; Institute for ...
The subject of this work is of special interest for the Republic of Macedonia because the by-products obtained from agroindustry range from 5 to10% for tomatoes, 25 to 30% for peppers and 20 to 25% for grapes. To examine the by-products quality and hygienic correctness taken the samples origin from ...
Jones Sandra - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: There has been surprisingly little research into the effects of food advertising on parents' perception of commonly consumed children's food items, although the available research suggests that parents may find nutritional claims in these advertisements confusing. The purpose of the present study was to investigate parents' perceptions of branded ...
Sullivan Catherine M CM Division of Nephrology, MetroHealth Medical Center, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio 44109, - - 2007
Phosphorus-containing additives are increasingly being added to food products. We sought to determine the potential impact of these additives. We focused on chicken products as an example. We purchased a variety of chicken products, prepared them according to package directions, and performed laboratory analyses to determine their actual phosphorus content. ...
Yee Donald A DA Department of Biological Sciences, University of Calgary, 2500 University Drive NW, Calgary, AB, Canada T2N 1N4. - - 2007
Most theoretical and empirical studies of productivity-species richness relationships fail to consider linkages among trophic levels. We quantified productivity-richness relationships in detritus-based, water-filled tree-hole communities for two trophic levels: invertebrate consumers and the protozoans on which they feed. By analogy to theory for biomass partitioning among trophic levels, we predicted ...
Post David M - - 2007
Understanding and explaining the causes of variation in food-chain length is a fundamental challenge for community ecology. The productive-space hypothesis, which suggests food-chain length is determined by the combination of local resource availability and ecosystem size, is central to this challenge. Two different approaches currently exist for testing the productive-space ...
Couto Susana Rodríguez - - 2007
Laccases have received much attention from researchers during the past decades due to their broad substrate specificity and to the fact that they use molecular oxygen as the final electron acceptor instead of hydrogen peroxide as used by peroxidases. This makes laccases highly interesting for a wide variety of processes, ...
Fernandes Fabiano A N - - 2007
Panose is a trisaccharide constituted by a maltose molecule bonded to a glucose molecule by an alpha-1,6-glycosidic bond. This trisaccharide has potential to be used in the food industry as a noncariogenic sweetener, as the oral flora does not ferment it. Panose can also be considered prebiotic for stimulating the ...
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