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Taber Daniel R DR Institute for Health Research and Policy, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL 60608, USA. - - 2013
Home access to fruits/vegetables (FV) is a consistent predictor of adolescent FV intake, but many adolescents face barriers to home access. To determine if state laws that require FV in school meals are positively associated with FV intake, particularly among students with limited home access to FV. Student data on ...
Baek In-Hwan - - 2013
Abstract 1. The objectives of this study were to develop a pharmacokinetic model for sarpogrelate and its metabolite M-1 and to identify the effect of food on sarpogrelate and M-1 pharmacokinetics in beagle dogs. 2. A single 100 mg oral dose of sarpogrelate was administered to fasted and fed beagle dogs ...
Rodríguez-Gómez Guillermo - - 2013
Food resource availability strongly influences the survival opportunities of all organisms. The effect of animal food resource availability on the survival and dispersal of hominin populations is hotly debated. In this article, we present a mathematical model that provides estimations of the maximum and minimum available resources for secondary consumers ...
Roma Elisa - - 2013
Population growth, climatic changes and over-exploitation of natural resources are at the basis of the world's food crisis, which counts almost one million people without sufficient food sustenance. These changes require novel environmental practices which are based on nutrient recovery and management in agriculture. This contribution analyses and discusses users' ...
Branscum Paul - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to use the theory of planned behavior to explain two types of snack food consumption among boys and girls (girls n = 98; boys n = 69), which may have implications for future theory-based health promotion interventions. Between genders, there was a significant difference ...
Ghosh Bapan - - 2013
This article describes the possible impacts of maximum sustainable yield (MSY) and maximum sustainable total yield (MSTY) policy in ecosystems. In general it is observed that exploitation at MSY (of single species) or MSTY (of multispecies) level may cause the extinction of several species. In particular, for traditional prey-predator system, ...
Sánchez-Martínez María - - 2013
Antimony migration from polyethylene terephthalate (PET) containers into aqueous (distilled water, 3% acetic acid, 10% and 20% ethanol) and fatty food simulants (vegetable oil), as well as into vinegar, was studied. Test conditions were according to the recent European Regulation 10/2011 (EU, 2011). Sb migration was assayed by ICP-MS and ...
Zhu Fan - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Resistant starch (RS) has promising health benefits and possesses great potential as functional ingredients in diverse food formulation and production. Here, 10-50% high-amylose maize starch with 70% amylose content (H7) representing type 2 RS was incorporated into three types of rice starch with varying amylose content (1.6-32%). Thermal properties, ...
Wang Jincheng - - 2013
Extending previous trophic transfer studies of the mercury-contaminated South River watershed, predictive models were built for mercury biomagnification in floodplain food webs at two more locations (North Park and Grand Cavern). Four of five models built to date based on methylmercury and δ(15)N met the a priori requirement for useful ...
Tracy B L - - 2013
This paper describes modelling calculations carried out to determine the sensitivity of various rural and semi-natural environments to radionuclide contamination by (137)Cs, (90)Sr, and (131)I released during a major nuclear accident. Depositions of 1000 Bq/m(3) were assumed for each radionuclide. Four broad types of environments were considered: agricultural, forest or tundra, ...
Munoz-Plaza Corrine E - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Identify factors involved in food shopping among older urban adults. DESIGN: A qualitative study of 30 in-depth interviews and 15 "tagalong" shopping trip observations were conducted. SETTING: Brooklyn, New York. PARTICIPANTS: Black, white, and Latino men and women aged 60-88 years. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Transcripts were coded inductively to ...
Barco Lisa - - 2013
Source attribution of cases of food-borne disease represents a valuable tool for identifying and prioritizing effective food-safety interventions. Microbial subtyping is one of the most common methods to infer potential sources of human food-borne infections. So far, Salmonella microbial subtyping source attribution models have been implemented by using serotyping and ...
Wilson Annabelle - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The importance of consumer trust in the food supply has previously been identified, and dimensions of consumer trust in food---who they trust and the type of trust that they exhibit---has been explored. However, there is a lack of research about the mechanisms through which consumer trust in the food ...
Lardeux Sylvie S Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Science and Dominick P. Purpura Department of Neuroscience, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10461, - - 2013
Binge eating disorders are characterized by discrete episodes of rapid and excessive food consumption. In rats, giving intermittent access to sweet fat food mimics this aspect of binge eating. These models typically employ solid food; however, the total amount consumed depends on motivation, palatability and satiety, which are difficult to ...
Decerle N - - 2013
Persons who have multiple untreated carious lesions are at high risk of chewing difficulties and consequently an unhealthy diet, but few data are available on the impact of untreated caries on mastication in adults. This study in adults with multiple untreated caries lesions aimed to evaluate chewing deficiencies using physiological ...
Killgore W D S - - 2013
Objectives:Excessive weight gain and obesity are currently among the world's major threats to health. Women show significantly higher rates of obesity and eating disorders relative to men, but the factors contributing to these gender differences remain uncertain. We examined the correlations between regional brain responses to images of high-calorie versus ...
Yang Yan - - 2013
Several aid groups have proposed strategies for allocating ready-to-use (therapeutic and supplementary) foods to children in developing countries. Analysis is needed to investigate whether there are better alternatives. We use a longitudinal dataset of 5,657 children from Bwamanda to construct a bivariate time-series model that tracks each child's height-for-age z ...
de Cássia Ribeiro Silva Rita - - 2013
To assess the influence of dietary patterns on the prevalence of wheezing in the child and adolescent population in Northeastern Brazil. This is a cross-sectional study of male and female students, 6-12 years old, from the public elementary schools of São Francisco do Conde, Bahia, Northeastern Brazil. The report of ...
Cary Tawnya L - - 2013
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), a class of flame retardants, are bioaccumulative toxins which can biomagnify in food webs. However, little is known about toxicokinetics of total and congener-specific BDEs in lower vertebrates. We exposed northern leopard frog [Lithobates (Rana) pipiens] tadpoles to diets containing DE-71 (a pentabromodiphenyl ether mixture; [0 ...
Chen Yuhuan - - 2013
Stakeholders in the system of food safety, in particular federal agencies, need evidence-based, transparent, and rigorous approaches to estimate and compare the risk of foodborne illness from microbial and chemical hazards and the public health impact of interventions. FDA-iRISK (referred to here as iRISK), a Web-based quantitative risk assessment system, ...
Shakerardekani Ahmad - - 2013
Pistachio nut (Pistacia vera L.) is one of the most delicious and nutritious nuts in the world. Pistachio spreads were developed using pistachio paste as the main component, icing sugar, soy protein isolate (SPI), and red palm oil (RPO), at different ratios. The highest mean scores of all the sensory ...
Barnhill Anne - - 2013
Many anti-obesity policies face a variety of ethical objections. We consider one kind of anti-obesity policy - modifications to food assistance programs meant to improve participants' diet - and one kind of criticism of these policies, that they are inequitable. We take as our example the recent, unsuccessful effort by ...
Pitesky Maurice - - 2013
Between July 2007 and December 2011, 2660 environmental drag swab samples were collected in total from California layer flocks on behalf of the California Egg Quality Assurance Program (CEQAP), the egg safety rule (21 CFR Parts 16 and 118) of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), or both. The samples ...
Seal Andrew - - 2013
Nutritional requirements have been previously calculated for emergency-affected populations and are widely used for planning and assessing the nutritional adequacy of humanitarian food assistance. The Sphere Project is an interagency collaboration that defines minimum standards and indicators for humanitarian responses, including food and nutrition. It last published population nutritional requirements ...
Doocy Shannon - - 2013
The 2010 floods inundated one-fifth of Pakistan and affected more than 20 million people. To characterize the impact of the floods and subsequent humanitarian response on household economy and food security. A cross-sectional 80 x 20 cluster survey (n = 1,569 households) was conducted using probability proportional to size sampling ...
Guenther Patricia M - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The 2010 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee report contained dietary patterns developed by using nutrient-dense foods. In most cases, low-sodium forms of foods were incorporated into the patterns. OBJECTIVES: We wanted to determine whether choosing lower-sodium foods could lower the sodium content to 1500 mg without compromising nutrient adequacy. We ...
King Melony G - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Ovarian cancer is the deadliest gynecologic cancer in the US. The consumption of refined sugars has increased dramatically over the past few decades, accounting for almost 15% of total energy intake. Yet, there is limited evidence on how sugar consumption affects ovarian cancer risk. METHODS: We evaluated ovarian ...
Schmelz Martin M Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany. - - 2013
The ability to predict how another individual will behave is useful in social competition. Chimpanzees can predict the behaviour of another based on what they observe her to see, hear, know and infer. Here we show that chimpanzees act on the assumption that others have preferences that match their own. ...
Dougkas Anestis - - 2013
An increasing number of studies have reported a heritable component for the regulation of energy intake and eating behaviour, although the individual polymorphisms and their 'effect size' are not fully elucidated. The aim of the present study was to examine the relationship between specific SNP and appetite responses and energy ...
De Hoop Lisette - - 2013
The present study combines short-term experiments with food chain modelling to explore long-term effects of the herbicide atrazine on consumer-resource dynamics in a marine intertidal ecosystem. The short-term (28 days) lab experiments indicated that the intrinsic rate of increase (r) and carrying capacity (K) of the marine diatom Seminavis robusta ...
Wen Yu-Guan - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to better understand blonanserin population pharmacokinetic (PK) characteristics in Chinese healthy subjects. METHODS: Data from two studies with 50 subjects were analyzed to investigate the population PK characteristics of blonanserin at single dose (4, 8, and 12 mg) under fasting, multidose (4 mg bid or ...
Kegler Michelle C - - 2013
Despite the recognition that environments play a role in shaping physical activity and healthy eating behaviors, relatively little research has focused on rural homes and neighborhoods as important settings for obesity prevention. This study, conducted through community-based participatory research, used a social ecological model to examine how home and neighborhood ...
Jones Christina J - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To identify explanations for adherence to self-care behaviours amongst adolescents with food allergy-induced anaphylaxis using two social cognition models: the health belief model (HBM) and the common sense self-regulation model (CS-SRM). DESIGN: Cross-sectional self-completion questionnaire study to gain initial evidence of the two models' feasibility/effectiveness in explaining adherence in ...
Maillot Matthieu M Aix Marseille Université, NORT, 13005, Marseille, France. - - 2013
The 2010 US Dietary Guidelines recommended limiting intake of sodium to 1500 mg/d for people older than 50 years, African Americans, and those suffering from chronic disease. The guidelines recommended that all other people consume less than 2300 mg sodium and 4700 mg of potassium per day. The theoretical feasibility ...
Holm Astrid L - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to estimate the health benefits of selective taxation of healthy and unhealthy food commodities in relation to CVD and nutrition-related cancers. DESIGN: The potential health effects of a selective taxation scenario were estimated as changes in the burden of disease, measured by disability-adjusted life years, ...
Laraia Barbara - - 2013
Food insecurity is linked to higher weight gain in pregnancy, as is dietary restraint. We hypothesized that pregnant women exposed to marginal food insecurity, and who reported dietary restraint before pregnancy, will paradoxically show the greatest weight gain. Weight outcomes were defined as total kilograms, observed-to-recommended weight gain ratio, and ...
Buttriss Judith - - 2013
There has been rapid growth in the global population over the last century and estimates for 2050 are a global population of over 9billion. These mouths need to be fed and the nutritional quality of the food received will be a key determinant of future health. Alongside this expansion in ...
Rossen Lauren M - - 2013
This study examined food availability along children's paths to and from elementary school, and associations with change in body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference over 1 year. Secondary data from 319 children aged 8-13 years from the "Multiple Opportunities to Reach Excellence" Project was used. Child anthropometry and demographic variables were ...
Fekete Veronika - - 2013
An exposure assessment was performed to estimate the usual daily intake of aluminium (Al) via food and kitchenware in the Belgian adult population. Food consumption data were retrieved from the National Food Consumption Survey. Measurements of Al were performed by Inductively Coupled Plasma - Atomic Emission Spectrometer on 552 pooled ...
Saba Anna - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To compare obese v. non-obese consumers in terms of their general food-related lifestyles and to explore possible food-related factors affecting obesity in Italy. DESIGN: The data were collected using a self-completion questionnaire. Data included sociodemographic information, measures of the Food-Related Lifestyle scale (FRL) and self-reported weight and height. A ...
Heinemeyer Gerhard - - 2013
In the study presented here, we evaluated the exposure of the German population aged 14-80 years to bis(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP) from consumption of food by means of deterministic and probabilistic estimations. The study was performed on the basis of an extensive review of literature from around the world reporting measured data ...
Giardino William J WJ Department of Behavioral Neuroscience and Portland Alcohol Research Center, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, OR 97239, - - 2013
Several recent studies implementing the standard "drinking-in-the-dark" (DID) model of short-term binge-like ethanol (EtOH) intake in C57BL/6J mice highlighted a role for the stress-related neuropeptide corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) and its primary binding partner, the CRF type-1 (CRF1) receptor. We evaluated the selectivity of CRF1 involvement in binge-like EtOH intake by ...
Schaffner Donald W - - 2013
Peanuts and peanut-containing products have been linked to at least seven salmonellosis outbreaks worldwide in the past two decades. In response, the Technical Committee on Food Microbiology of the North American Branch of the International Life Sciences Institute collaborated with the American Peanut Council to convene a workshop to develop ...
Cook Zoe - - 2013
In socially foraging species resource information can be shared between individuals, increasing foraging success. In ant colonies, nestmate recruitment allows high exploitation rates at known resources however, to maximize foraging efficiency this must be balanced with searching for new resources. Many ant species form colonies inhabiting two or more spatially ...
Robinson Eric - - 2013
Social factors have been reported to influence food intake. In the remote confederate paradigm, naive participants are led to believe that previous study participants have consumed a small or large amount of food. To date, there has been no demonstration using this paradigm that information about how much previous participants ...
Scholz-Starke Björn - - 2013
The impounding of the Three Gorges Reservoir (TGR) at the Yangtze River caused large flooding of urban, industrial, and agricultural areas, and profound land use changes took place. Consequently, substantial amounts of organic and inorganic pollutants were released into the reservoir. Additionally, contaminants and nutrients are entering the reservoir by ...
McEvoy Claire T - - 2013
To examine the association between a posteriori-derived dietary patterns (DP) and retinal vessel caliber in an elderly population. This was a cross-sectional study of 288 elderly adults (>65 years) who participated in the European Eye study (EUREYE) Northern Irish cohort. DP were extracted using principal component analysis from completed food ...
Slining Meghan M MM Department of Nutrition, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, - - 2013
Heretofore, corporate voluntary pledges to improve the health of Americans have been linked neither to explicit measurable commitments nor to a framework for an independent evaluation. The Healthy Weight Commitment Foundation (HWCF), whose members include 16 of the nation's leading consumer packaged goods food and beverage manufacturers, voluntarily pledged to ...
Duffey Kiyah J KJ Carolina Population Center, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, - - 2013
Changes in total energy intake have been reported among children and adolescents, but the extent to which the components of total energy-energy density; portion size; and the number of eating/drinking occasions (EO)-drive these changes is unknown. The objective of the current study was to examine the relative contribution to changes ...
Giacomini Henrique C - - 2013
Arising from S. Pawar, A. I. Dell & V. M. Savage 486, 485-489 10.1038/nature11131(2012)A recent paper by Pawar and colleagues has provided important insights into the consequences of foraging behaviour for food-web dynamics. One notable pattern predicted by their analysis is that consumption rate (c) scales superlinearly (cm(1.16)) with consumer ...
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