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Guilherme Pablo D B - - 2014
The sea star Astropecten marginatus has a neotropical distribution and is a highly abundant and frequent species in shrimp trawling by-catchin many places along the Brazilian coast. This has caused its threat to extinction and in addition, its bio-ecological aspects are poorly known. Thus, the main objective of this study ...
Ford Matthew M MM Division of Neuroscience, Oregon National Primate Research Center, Oregon Health & Science University, L-584, 505 NW 185th Avenue, Beaverton, OR 97006, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Schedule-induced polydipsia (SIP) is generated by subjecting a highly motivated animal to a sub-optimal rate of food reinforcement while also providing access to a fluid. SIP is one of several adjunctive (or displacement) behaviors that are expressed in an exaggerated form that is deemed 'excessive.' This feature makes SIP an ...
Chow Carson C CC Laboratory of Biological Modeling, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, Bethesda, - - 2014
Adults consume millions of kilocalories over the course of a few years, but the typical weight gain amounts to only a few thousand kilocalories of stored energy. Furthermore, food intake is highly variable from day to day and yet body weight is remarkably stable. These facts have been used as ...
Disantis Katherine I KI Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, 423 Guardian Drive, 8th Floor Blockley Hall, Philadelphia, PA, 19104, USA; Present Address: Department of Community and Global Public Health, College of Health Sciences, Arcadia University, 460 S. Easton Rd, Glenside, PA, 19083, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Identifying food pricing strategies to encourage purchases of lower calorie food products may be particularly important for black Americans. Black children and adults have higher than average obesity prevalence and disproportionate exposure to food marketing environments in which high calorie foods are readily available and heavily promoted. The main objective ...
Morawetz Deborah Y DY Centre for Community Child Health, The Royal Children's Hospital, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, - - 2014
The prevalence of Immunoglobulin E (IgE)-mediated food allergy in the developed world is increasing, overwhelming tertiary allergy services. Alternative models of care are required. General paediatricians could provide this care but may require further training to do so. We aimed to determine Australian general paediatricians': (i) knowledge and management of ...
Barrett Emily S ES Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, NY 14642, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Environmental chemicals are widely found in food and personal care products and may have adverse effects on fetal development. Our aim was to examine women's attitudes about these chemicals and ask whether they try to limit their exposure during pregnancy. A multi-center cohort of women in the first trimester of ...
Kim Tae Hyun TH Graduate School of Public Health and Institute of Health Services Research, Yonsei University, Seoul, South - - 2014
The aim of this study was to explore the heterogeneous association of consumption of food away from home (FAFH) with individual body mass outcomes including body mass index and waist circumference over the entire conditional distribution of each outcome. Information on 16 403 adults obtained from nationally representative data on ...
Havlík Petr P Ecosystems Services and Management Program, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, A-2361 Laxenburg, - - 2014
Livestock are responsible for 12% of anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions. Sustainable intensification of livestock production systems might become a key climate mitigation technology. However, livestock production systems vary substantially, making the implementation of climate mitigation policies a formidable challenge. Here, we provide results from an economic model using a detailed ...
Marsh Samantha S National Institute for Health Innovation, University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland Mail Centre, Auckland 1142, New Zealand. Electronic address: - - 2014
To compare the effects of three screen-based sedentary behaviours on acute energy (EI) in children. Normal-weight males aged 9-13 years participated in a randomised crossover trial conducted in a laboratory setting between November 2012 and February 2013 in Auckland, New Zealand. EI during an ad libitum meal was compared for ...
McNeil J - - 2014
ABSTRACT Objectives: It is unknown whether the satiety quotient (SQ) differs across the menopausal transition, and whether changes in SQ are related to changes in anthropometric/body composition variables. The objective of this study was to evaluate the changes in SQ, and its association with energy intake and changes in anthropometric/body ...
Beck Svenja M SM CSIRO Animal, Food and Health Sciences, 671 Sneydes Road, Werribee, VIC 3030, Australia; KIT (Karlsruhe Institute of Technology), Institute of Process Engineering in Life Sciences, Section I: Food Process Engineering, Kaiserstraße 12, 76131 Karlsruhe, - - 2014
Drying is one of the oldest and most commonly used processes in the food manufacturing industry. The conventional way of drying is by forced convection at elevated temperatures. However, this process step often requires a very long treatment time, is highly energy consuming and detrimental to the product quality. Therefore, ...
Jahid Iqbal Kabir IK 1 School of Food Science and Technology, Chung-Ang University , Kyunggido, South Korea - - 2014
Abstract The present article focuses on the inactivation kinetics of various disinfectants including ethanol, sodium hypochlorite, hydrogen peroxide, peracetic acid, and benzalkonium chloride against Aeromonas hydrophila biofilms and planktonic cells. Efficacy was determined by viable plate count and compared using a modified Weibull model. The removal of the biofilms matrix ...
Rousseu François F Département de biologie, Centre d'étude de la forêt and Chaire de recherche du Canada en écologie spatiale et en écologie du paysage, Université de Sherbrooke Sherbrooke, Qc, J1K 2R1, - - 2014
Resource defense behavior is often explained by the spatial and temporal distribution of resources. However, factors such as competition, habitat complexity, and individual space use may also affect the capacity of individuals to defend and monopolize resources. Yet, studies frequently focus on one or two factors, overlooking the complexity found ...
Pinho Lucinéia de LD Departament of Physiopathology, Universidade Estadual de Montes Claros (Unimontes), Montes Claros, MG, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
to identify the dietary patterns of adolescents attending public municipal schools in Northern Minas Gerais, Brazil, and to test the association between these patterns and socioeconomic variables and nutritional status of the adolescents. this was an analytical, cross-sectional study with randomized sample of 474 adolescents of both genders, between 11 ...
Kiørboe Thomas T Centre for Ocean Life, National Institute for Aquatic Resources, Technical University of Denmark, Kavalergården 6, 2920 Charlottenlund, - - 2014
Abstract The metabolic rate of organisms may be viewed as a basic property from which other vital rates and many ecological patterns emerge and that follows a universal allometric mass scaling law, or it may be considered a property of the organism that emerges as a result of the adaptation ...
Werthmann Jessica J Maastricht University, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Emotional eating is associated with overeating and the development of obesity. Yet, empirical evidence for individual (trait) differences in emotional eating and cognitive mechanisms that contribute to eating during sad mood remain equivocal. The aim of this study was to test if attention bias for food moderates the effect of ...
Kruger Allison K AK Stony Brook University, Program in Public Health, Stony Brook, NY 11794-8338, - - 2014
Short sleep duration among children and adolescents has been reported to be associated with elevated BMI and other adverse health outcomes. Food choices are one proposed mechanism through which this association may occur. In the present study, we examined whether self-reported habitual sleep duration is associated with vegetable and fruit ...
Makhumula Phillip P Lilongwe, - - 2014
Corn flour and maize meal fortification can benefit the consumer when the added nutrient contents are in amounts appropriate to address nutrient gaps. Legislative instruments (standards and regulations) are needed to provide guidance to the producers and food control authorities. We reviewed a number of national standards and regulations of ...
Zhang Shuangling S Food Science and Engineering College, Qingdao Agricultural University, No. 700, Changcheng Road, Qingdao 266109, People's Republic of China. Electronic address: - - 2014
The migration of flavonoids from low-density polyethylene (LDPE) film (0.4%, w/w) to aqueous food simulants over 16weeks at 0, 15, and 30°C was investigated. The migration amount of total flavonoids was calculated based on the rutin contents determined by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Diffusion and partition coefficients, along with the ...
Nurliyana Abdul Razak AR 1 Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, - - 2014
The present study aimed to identify dietary patterns and determine the relationship between dietary patterns and cognitive ability among 12- to 13 year-old Malay adolescents in the urban areas of Gombak district in Selangor, Malaysia. Data on sociodemographic background were obtained from parents. Height and weight were measured and BMI-for-age ...
Baquero Barbara B 1University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, - - 2014
This article describes a comprehensive process evaluation of an efficacious store-based intervention that increased store customers' fruit and vegetable consumption. The process evaluation plan was designed at study inception and implemented at baseline, during the intervention, and at immediate postintervention. Four Latino food stores were randomly assigned either to an ...
Morrissey Taryn W TW Department of Public Administration and Policy, American University, Washington, District of - - 2014
Both obesity and food insecurity are important public health problems facing young children in the United States. A lack of affordable, healthy foods is one of the neighborhood factors presumed to underlie both food insecurity and obesity among children. We examine associations between local food prices and children's BMI, weight, ...
Sliwińska Magdalena M Department of Analytical Chemistry, Gdansk University of Technology , 11/12 Narutowicza Street, 80-233 Gdańsk, - - 2014
Nowadays, consumers are paying great attention to the characteristics of food such as smell, taste, and appearance. This motivates scientists to imitate human senses using devices known as electronic senses. These include electronic noses, electronic tongues, and computer vision. Thanks to the utilization of various sensors and methods of signal ...
Sezer Narin N Istanbul University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biology, 34134 Vezneciler, Istanbul, - - 2014
The bioaccumulation of (134)Cs was studied in the shrimp Palaemon adspersus (Rathke, 1837) using dissolved or food pathways. The uptake and loss kinetics (following seawater and food uptake) were followed for 27 and 38 days, respectively. The steady state concentration factor (CFss) value of (134)Cs in the whole body of ...
Crevel R W R RW Safety and Environmental Assurance Centre, Unilever, Colworth House, Sharnbrook, Bedford, - - 2014
The need to assess the risk from food allergens derives directly from the need to manage effectively this food safety hazard. Work spanning the last two decades dispelled the initial thinking that food allergens were so unique that the risk they posed was not amenable to established risk assessment approaches ...
Jacobs David R DR Jr School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, - - 2014
This article summarizes background materials and presentations at a symposium that considered the issue of the role of foods and dietary patterns vs. nutrients in relation to chronic disease risk. A model of food synergy is presented as a basis for studying whole foods and dietary patterns. Findings from a ...
Zaborskis Apolinaras A Academy of Medicine, Faculty of Public Health, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Kaunas, Lithuania. Electronic address: - - 2014
To examine whether dietary intake reported by school-aged children relates to the chronological period of data collection. Cross-sectional surveys in 39 countries in different monthly periods of the 2009-2010 school year. Questionnaires were completed in schools anonymously. Children from 39 countries, aged 11, 13, and 15 years (n = 209,320). ...
Mendoza Julio Ernesto - - 2014
Population-wide sodium reduction strategies encourage consumer participation in lowering dietary sodium. This study aims to measure and rank consumers’ level of engagement in following 23 recommendations to reduce dietary sodium and to compare variation in level of consumers’ engagement by sociodemographic sub-groups. The study included 869 randomly selected participants of ...
De Vogli Roberto R Department of Public Health Sciences, School of Medicine, University of California Davis, One Shields Avenue, Med Sci 1-C, Davis, CA 95616, United States of America - - 2014
To investigate the effect of fast food consumption on mean population body mass index (BMI) and explore the possible influence of market deregulation on fast food consumption and BMI. The within-country association between fast food consumption and BMI in 25 high-income member countries of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and ...
Oyoshi Michiko K MK Division of Immunology, Boston Children's Hospital and the Departments of Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Mass. Electronic address: - - 2014
Food allergy is a rapidly growing public health concern because of its increasing prevalence and life-threatening potential. Animal models of food allergy have emerged as a tool for identifying mechanisms involved in the development of sensitization to normally harmless food allergens, as well as delineating the critical immune components of ...
Le Révérend Benjamin - - 2014
The human diet contains a large variety of aromas, tastes and textures. The latter is particularly important since it determines whether foods are difficult to process orally and thus can be one source of food avoidance. It has also been reported in recent literature that food texture was a main ...
Labatut Rodrigo A RA Department of Biological and Environmental Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
A long-term comparative study using continuously-stirred anaerobic digesters (CSADs) operated at mesophilic and thermophilic temperatures was conducted to evaluate the influence of the organic loading rate (OLR) and chemical composition on process performance and stability. Cow manure was co-digested with dog food, a model substrate to simulate a generic, multi-component ...
Sattar Md Abdus MA Environmental Systems Analysis Group, Wageningen University, P.O. Box 47, 6700 AA Wageningen, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
The objective of this study is to assess the impact of food production on river export of nutrients to the coastal waters of the Bay of Bengal in the past (1970 and 2000) and the future (2030 and 2050), and the associated potential for coastal eutrophication. We model nutrient export ...
Seiler Annika A a Fraunhofer Institute for Process Engineering and Packaging (IVV) , Freising , - - 2014
Abstract Today most foods are available in a packed form. During storage, migration of chemical substances from food packaging materials into food may occur and may therefore be a potential source of consumer exposure. To protect the consumer standard migration tests are laid down in Regulation (EU) No.10/2011. When using ...
Chen Zhipeng Z Guangxi Key Laboratory of Petrochemical Resource Processing and Process Intensification Technology, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Guangxi University, Nanning, Guangxi 530004, - - 2014
The results of TG/DTG when curcumin was used as the food colouring agent indicated that the processing temperature of the food should not exceed 190°C. The decomposition process of curcumin involved two stages. The results of Eα values, determined by an advanced isoconversional method, showed that the two stages were ...
Cushen Maeve - - 2014
Silver nanoparticles (nanosilver) and copper nanoparticles (nanocopper) exhibit antimicrobial activity and have been incorporated into polymers to create antimicrobial packaging materials. Their use in conjunction with food has caused concerns regarding the potential risk of particle migration, resulting in human exposure to nanoparticles. A migration experiment was carried out to ...
Trasande Leonardo L Wagner School of Public Service and the Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development at - - 2014
There is mounting evidence that bisphenol A (BPA), a chemical used in the production of polycarbonate plastics and the linings of aluminum cans, may have adverse health consequences. The Food and Drug Administration has banned BPA from baby bottles and sippy cups but has deferred further action on other food ...
Gerdessen Johanna C JC 1 Group Operations Research and Logistics, Wageningen University, Hollandseweg 1, 6706 KN Wageningen, the - - 2014
To support the selection of food items for FFQs in such a way that the amount of information on all relevant nutrients is maximised while the food list is as short as possible. Selection of the most informative food items to be included in FFQs was modelled as a Mixed ...
Olstad Dana Lee - - 2014
Nudging is an approach to environmental change that alters social and physical environments to shift behaviors in positive, self-interested directions. Evidence indicates that eating is largely an automatic behavior governed by environmental cues, suggesting that it might be possible to nudge healthier dietary behaviors. This study assessed the comparative and ...
Atlas William I WI Earth to Ocean Research Group, Department of Biological Sciences, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, - - 2014
Resource subsidies increase the productivity of recipient food webs and can affect ecosystem dynamics. Subsidies of prey often support elevated predator biomass which may intensify top-down control and reduce the flow of reciprocal subsidies into adjacent ecosystems. However, top-down control in subsidized food webs may be limited if primary consumers ...
Pourfarzad Amir A Department of Food Science and Technology, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, P.O. Box 91775-1163, Iran. Electronic address: - - 2014
The fructans, inulin and oligofructose, are known to exert many food and pharmaceutical applications and are widely used in functional foods throughout the world for their nutritional and techno-functional properties. In the present study, the Box-Behnken design was used to determine the optimal conditions for fructan precipitation from Eremurus spectabilis ...
Tarning Joel J Mahidol Oxford Tropical Medicine Research Unit, Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University, Bangkok, - - 2014
Previously published literature reports a varying impact of food on the oral bioavailability of piperaquine. The aim of this study was to use a population modeling approach to investigate the impact of concomitant intake of a small amount of food on piperaquine pharmacokinetics. This was an open randomized comparison of ...
Pandey Preetanshu P Drug Product Science and Technology, Bristol-Myers Squibb, 1 Squibb Drive, New Brunswick, New Jersey, 08901, USA, - - 2014
This study presents a formulation approach that was shown to mitigate the dramatic food effect observed for a BCS Class II drug. In vitro (dissolution), in vivo (dog), and in silico (GastroPlus®) models were developed to understand the food effect and design strategies to mitigate it. The results showed that ...
Zhang Hefei H Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation, Florham Park, New Jersey, USA, - - 2014
Physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) modeling has been broadly used to facilitate drug development, hereby we developed a PBPK model to systematically investigate the underlying mechanisms of the observed positive food effect of compound X (cpd X) and to strategically explore the feasible approaches to mitigate the food effect. Cpd X ...
Berkowitz Seth A SA General Medicine Division, Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA USA; Department of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Adults with chronic disease are often unable to meet medication and/or food needs, but no study has examined the relationship between cost-related medication underuse and food insecurity in a nationally representative sample. We examined which groups most commonly face unmet food and medication needs. Cross-sectional analysis of data from chronically ...
Chen Hsin-Jen - - 2014
Little is known about the dynamics of the food outlet distributions associated with local contextual factors in the U.S. This study examines the changes in food stores/services at the 5-digit Zip Code Tabulated Area (ZCTA5) level in the U.S., and assesses contextual factors associated with the changes. Data from 27,878 ...
Wolfenden Luke L School of Medicine and Public Health (LW, RW, EC, JW, and TRH) and the School of Psychology (AF and JB), University of Newcastle, Newcastle, Australia; Hunter New England Population Health, Newcastle, Australia (LW, EC, JW, and TRH); Hunter Medical Research Institute, Newcastle, Australia (LW, RW, EC, and JW); the School of Psychology, Australian Catholic University, Melbourne, Australia (LB); and the Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, Melbourne, Australia - - 2014
Telephone-based interventions can be effective in increasing child fruit and vegetable intake in the short term (<6 mo). The long-term efficacy of such interventions, however, is unknown. The primary aim of this study was to determine whether the short-term (<6 mo) impact of a telephone-based intervention on children's fruit and ...
Miller Jane J 1 Preventive Health Unit, Queensland Health, PO Box 2368, Fortitude Valley BC, Queensland 4006, - - 2014
The present paper reports on a quality improvement activity examining implementation of A Better Choice Healthy Food and Drink Supply Strategy for Queensland Health Facilities (A Better Choice). A Better Choice is a policy to increase supply and promotion of healthy foods and drinks and decrease supply and promotion of ...
Einum Sigurd S Centre for Biodiversity Dynamics, Department of Biology, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, N-7491 Trondheim, - - 2014
Abstract Genetically based variation in metabolic rates of resting animals (RMR) suggests a potential role for evolutionary adaptations, but mechanistic models yielding evolutionary predictions are lacking. Here I utilize the increasingly recognized genetic correlation between RMR and activity metabolism and propose that optimality of the former is simply an outcome ...
Ng Shu Wen SW Department of Nutrition (SWN, MMS, and BMP) and Carolina Population Center (SWN, BMP), University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, - - 2014
In the past decade, the United States has seen declining energy intakes and plateauing obesity levels. We examined whether these observed trends suggest a longer-term shift in dietary and health behavior that is independent of adverse economic conditions. We used nationally representative cross-sectional surveys on intake and longitudinal household food ...
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