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Bjornlie Daniel D DD Large Carnivore Section, Wyoming Game and Fish Department, Lander, Wyoming, United States of - - 2014
Changes in life history traits of species can be an important indicator of potential factors influencing populations. For grizzly bears (Ursus arctos) in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem (GYE), recent decline of whitebark pine (WBP; Pinus albicaulis), an important fall food resource, has been paired with a slowing of population growth ...
Tharner Anne A Department of Epidemiology, Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands. - - 2014
Definitions and assessment methods of fussy/picky eating are heterogeneous and remain unclear.We aimed to identify an eating behavior profile reflecting fussy/picky eating in children and to describe characteristics of fussy eaters. Eating behavior was assessed with the Child Eating Behavior Questionnaire (CEBQ) in 4914 4-year olds in a population-based birth ...
Bui Thi Hong Hanh TH Australian Rivers Institute and School of Environment, Griffith University Gold Coast Campus, Southport, Qld, - - 2014
In tropical mangroves, brachyuran crabs have been observed to consume high percentages of leaf litter production. However, questions concerning their ability to assimilate this low-quality food remain, as stable isotope analysis of C and N does not seem to support assimilation. Individuals of the common eastern Australian mangrove grapsid Parasesarma ...
Fernandes Ricardo R Leibniz Laboratory for Radiometric Dating and Isotope Research, Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel, Kiel, Germany ; Graduate School "Human Development in Landscapes", Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel, Kiel, - - 2014
Human and animal diet reconstruction studies that rely on tissue chemical signatures aim at providing estimates on the relative intake of potential food groups. However, several sources of uncertainty need to be considered when handling data. Bayesian mixing models provide a natural platform to handle diverse sources of uncertainty while ...
Mukherjee Shomen S Department of Biological Sciences, Florida International University, North Miami, Florida, United States of America ; School of Life Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Westville Campus, Durban, South - - 2014
Key to predicting impacts of predation is understanding the mechanisms through which predators impact prey populations. While consumptive effects are well-known, non-consumptive predator effects (risk effects) are increasingly being recognized as important. Studies of risk effects, however, have focused largely on how trade-offs between food and safety affect fitness. Less ...
Gebrehiwot Tagel T a Faculty of Geo-Information Science and Earth Observation , University of Twente , Enschede , The - - 2014
This article examines the main household demographics and economic factors associated with food insecurity and coping behavior of rural households employed during times of food shortages in northern Ethiopia. Using a cost-of-basic-needs approach we estimated the food poverty line. This cut-off value was used to classify households as either food ...
Keshteli Ah A Integrative Functional Gastroenterology Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran ; Department of Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, - - 2014
Earlier forms of food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) used in Iran have extensive lists of foods, traditional categories and food-based design, mostly with the interviewer-administered approach. The aim of the current paper is to describe the development of a dish-based, machine-readable, semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire (DFQ). Within the framework of the ...
Okada Ryuichi R Kagawa School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Tokushima Bunri University, 1314-1 Shido, Sanuki, Kagawa 769-2193, - - 2014
The honeybee waggle dance communicates the location of profitable food sources, usually with a certain degree of error in the directional information ranging from 10-15° at the lower margin. We simulated one-day colonial foraging to address the biological significance of information error in the waggle dance. When the error was ...
Hemiö Katri K Department of Chronic Disease Prevention, National Institute for Health and Welfare, P.O. Box 30, FI-00271 Helsinki, Finland. - - 2014
Our aim was to validate a 16-item food intake questionnaire (16-FIQ) and create an easy to use method to estimate patients' nutrient intake in primary health care. Participants (52 men, 25 women) completed a 7-day food record and a 16-FIQ. Food and nutrient intakes were calculated and compared using Spearman ...
Landeira José M JM Département Dynamiques de l'Environnement Côtier/Pelagos, IFREMER/Centre de Brest, Plouzané, - - 2014
Phytoplankton blooms are usually dominated by chain-forming diatom species that can alter food pathways from primary producers to predators by reducing the interactions between intermediate trophic levels. The food-web modifications are determined by the length of the chains; however, the estimation is biased because traditional sampling strategies damage the chains ...
Boit Alice A University of Potsdam, Institute of Biochemistry and Biology, Department of Ecology & Ecosystem Modelling, Potsdam, Germany ; Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, Earth System Analysis, Potsdam, - - 2014
Central to ecology and ecosystem management, succession theory aims to mechanistically explain and predict the assembly and development of ecological communities. Yet processes at lower hierarchical levels, e.g. at the species and functional group level, are rarely mechanistically linked to the under-investigated system-level processes which drive changes in ecosystem properties ...
Golubski Antonio J AJ Department of Biology and Physics, Kennesaw State University, , 1000 Chastain Road, Kennesaw, GA 30144, - - 2014
We model a potentially mutualistic interaction between a species making antipredator alarm calls and a species which eavesdrops on those calls. Callers may or may not make deceptive alarm calls in order to kleptoparasitize food from eavesdroppers, which in turn may either heed or ignore all alarm calls. The two ...
Queliconi Bruno B BB Departamento de Bioquímica, Instituto de Química, Universidade de São Paulo; - - 2014
Protocols for anoxia/starvation in the genetic model organism C. elegans simulate ischemia/reperfusion. Worms are separated from bacterial food and placed under anoxia for 20 hr (simulated ischemia), and subsequently moved to a normal atmosphere with food (simulated reperfusion). This experimental paradigm results in increased death and neuronal damage, and techniques are ...
Meule Adrian A Department of Psychology I, Institute of Psychology, University of Würzburg Würzburg, - - 2014
One of the most often used instruments for the assessment of food cravings is the Food Cravings Questionnaire (FCQ), which consists of a trait (FCQ-T; 39 items) and state (FCQ-S; 15 items) version. Scores on the FCQ-T have been found to be positively associated with eating pathology, body mass index ...
Correa Sandra Bibiana - - 2014
In response to temporal changes in the quality and availability of food resources, consumers should adjust their foraging behavior in a manner that maximizes energy and nutrient intake and, when resources are limiting, minimizes dietary overlap with other consumers. Floodplains of the Amazon and its lowland tributaries are characterized by ...
Robino Antonietta A Institute for Maternal and Child Health - IRCCS "Burlo Garofolo", Trieste, Italy; University of Trieste, Trieste, - - 2014
Taste is one of the main factors determining food choices. Differences in PROP bitter taste perception have been implicated in individual differences in food preferences and selection. The present study examined associations between, PROP phenotypes, self-reported food liking and TAS2R38 polymorphisms, the major gene implicated in PROP bitterness, in six ...
Delgado Mikel M MM Department of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley, California, United States of - - 2014
Scatter hoarders must allocate time to assess items for caching, and to carry and bury each cache. Such decisions should be driven by economic variables, such as the value of the individual food items, the scarcity of these items, competition for food items and risk of pilferage by conspecifics. The ...
Bui-Klimke Travis R TR Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of - - 2014
Aflatoxins, carcinogenic toxins produced by Aspergillus fungi, contaminate maize, peanuts, and tree nuts in many regions of the world. Pistachios are the main source of human dietary aflatoxins from tree nuts worldwide. Over 120 countries have regulations for maximum allowable aflatoxin levels in food commodities. We developed social network models ...
Liu Yong Y Epidemiology and Surveillance Branch, Division of Population Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Hwy NE, MS F-78, Atlanta, GA 30341. E-mail: - - 2014
Housing insecurity and food insecurity may be psychological stressors associated with insufficient sleep. Frequent mental distress may mediate the relationships between these variables. The objective of this study was to examine the relationships between housing insecurity and food insecurity, frequent mental distress, and insufficient sleep. We analyzed data from the ...
Paredes Rosana R Department of Fisheries and Wildlife, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon, United States of - - 2014
We hypothesized that changes in southeastern Bering Sea foraging conditions for black-legged kittiwakes (Rissa tridactyla) have caused shifts in habitat use with direct implications for population trends. To test this, we compared at-sea distribution, breeding performance, and nutritional stress of kittiwakes in three years (2008-2010) at two sites in the ...
Chakravarti Leela J LJ Marine Biology and Ecology Research Centre, University of Plymouth, Plymouth, Devon, United - - 2014
Optimal Diet Theory suggests that individuals make foraging decisions that maximise net energy intake. Many studies provide qualitative support for this, but factors such as digestive constraints, learning, predation-risk and competition can influence foraging behaviour and lead to departures from quantitative predictions. We examined the effects of intraspecific competition within ...
Serckx Adeline A Behavioural Biology Unit, University of Liege, Liege, Belgium; Conservation Biology Unit, Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences, Brussels, Belgium; Ecole Régionale Post-Universitaire d'Aménagement et de Gestion Intégrés des Forêts et Territoires Tropicaux, University of Kinshasa, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo; Department of Primatology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, - - 2014
A topic of major interest in socio-ecology is the comparison of chimpanzees and bonobos' grouping patterns. Numerous studies have highlighted the impact of social and environmental factors on the different evolution in group cohesion seen in these sister species. We are still lacking, however, key information about bonobo social traits ...
Dalenberg Jelle R JR Top Institute Food and Nutrition, Wageningen, the Netherlands; Neuroimaging Center Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, The - - 2014
Consumers show high interindividual variability in food liking during repeated exposure. To investigate consumer liking during repeated exposure, data is often interpreted on a product level by averaging results over all consumers. However, a single product may elicit inconsistent behaviors in consumers; averaging will mix and hide possible subgroups of ...
Canella Daniela Silva DS Departamento de Nutrição, Faculdade de Saúde Pública, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil; Núcleo de Pesquisas Epidemiológicas em Nutrição e Saúde, Faculdade de Saúde Pública, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, - - 2014
Production and consumption of industrially processed food and drink products have risen in parallel with the global increase in overweight and obesity and related chronic non-communicable diseases. The objective of this study was to analyze the relationship between household availability of processed and ultra-processed products and the prevalence of excess ...
Lucan Sean C SC Department of Family and Social Medicine, Albert Einstein College of Medicine | Montefiore Medical Center, 1300 Morris Park Ave, Block Building, Room 410, Bronx, NY 10461. E-mail: - - 2014
Few studies have assessed how people's perceptions of their neighborhood environment compare with objective measures or how self-reported and objective neighborhood measures relate to consumption of fruits and vegetables. A telephone survey of 4,399 residents of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, provided data on individuals, their households, their neighborhoods (self-defined), their food-environment perceptions, ...
Carrera Olaia O Unidade Venres Clinicos, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, Galicia, - - 2014
Activity-based anorexia (ABA) consists of a procedure that involves the simultaneous exposure of animals to a restricted feeding schedule, while free access is allowed to an activity wheel. Under these conditions, animals show a progressive increase in wheel running, a reduced efficiency in food intake to compensate for their increased ...
Feron Gilles G INRA (Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique), UMR1324 Centre des Sciences du Goût et de l'Alimentation, Dijon, France; CNRS (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique), UMR6265 Centre des Sciences du Goût et de l'Alimentation, Dijon, France; Université de Bourgogne, UMR Centre des Sciences du Goût et de l'Alimentation, Dijon, - - 2014
For human beings, the mouth is the first organ to perceive food and the different signalling events associated to food breakdown. These events are very complex and as such, their description necessitates combining different data sets. This study proposed an integrated approach to understand the relative contribution of main food ...
Shin Hyeong-Moo HM Department of Public Health Sciences, University of California Davis, Davis, California, United States of - - 2014
The work addresses current knowledge gaps regarding causes for correlations between environmental and biomarker measurements and explores the underappreciated role of variability in disaggregating exposure attributes that contribute to biomarker levels. Our simulation-based study considers variability in environmental and food measurements, the relative contribution of various exposure sources (indoors and ...
Soldatini Cecilia C Grupo de Ecología y Conservación de Islas, A.C., Ensenada, Baja California, - - 2014
Seabirds are affected by changes in the marine ecosystem. The influence of climatic factors on marine food webs can be reflected in long-term seabird population changes. We modelled the survival and recruitment of the Mediterranean storm petrel (Hydrobates pelagicus melitensis) using a 21-year mark-recapture dataset involving almost 5000 birds. We ...
Guénette Sylvie S UMR Agrocampus Ouest, Inra, Ecologie et santé des écosystèmes, Université Européenne de Bretagne, Rennes, - - 2014
Most modelling studies addressed the effectiveness of marine protected areas (MPA) for fisheries sustainability through single species approach. Only a few models analysed the potential benefits of MPAs at the ecosystem level, estimating the potential export of fish biomass from the reserve or analysing the trophic relationships between organisms inside ...
Deng Jian J 0000-0002-0841-7084 College of Agronomy, Northwest A&F University, P.O. Box 95, Shaanxi 712100, China ; The Research Center of Recycle Agricultural Engineering and Technology of Shaanxi Province, Yangling, Shaanxi 712100, - - 2014
Food security is chronically guaranteed in Egypt because of the food subsidy policy of the country. However, the increasing Egyptian population is straining the food supply. To study changes in Egyptian food security and future food supply capacity, we analysed the historical grain production, yield per unit, grain-cultivated area, and ...
Leech Rebecca M RM The Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research (C-PAN), School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, 221 Burwood Hwy, Burwood, 3125, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2013
Involvement in meal preparation and eating meals with the family are associated with better dietary patterns in adolescents, however little research has included older children or longitudinal study designs. This 3-year longitudinal study examines cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between family food involvement, family dinner meal frequency and dietary patterns during ...
Almendros Sara Sáez - - 2013
Dietary patterns can substantially vary the resource consumption and environmental impact of a given population. Dietary changes such as the increased consumption of vegetables and reduced consumption of animal products reduce the environmental footprint and thus the use of natural resources. The adherence of a given population to the Mediterranean ...
Minervini Vanessa V University of Florida Department of Psychology 945 Center Drive Gainesville, FL 32611. Electronic address: - - 2013
When laboratory mice are provided with free access to food, they often fragment their food such that it collects on the cage floor-wasted. An operant analysis of food waste, however, has not yet been conducted. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effect of response requirement and ...
Paulot Fabien - - 2013
We use a model of agricultural sources of ammonia (NH3) coupled to a chemical transport model to estimate the impact of U.S. food export on particulate matter concentrations (PM2.5). We find that food export accounts for 11% of total U.S NH3 emissions (13% of agricultural emissions) and that it increases ...
Massarelli Nicole N University of Maryland Baltimore County, 1000 Hilltop Circle, Baltimore, MD,  21250, USA, - - 2013
Hairston, Slobodkin, and Smith conjectured that top down forces act on food chains, which opposed the previously accepted theory that bottom up forces exclusively dictate the dynamics of populations. We model food chains using the Lotka-Volterra predation model and derive sustainability constants which determine which species will persist or go ...
Zhao Zhenxiang Z Institute for Health Research and Policy, University of Illinois at Chicago, 1747 West Roosevelt Road, Chicago, IL 60608, United States. Electronic address: - - 2013
In this paper, we used a randomized experiment, the Moving to Opportunity for Fair Housing Demonstration (MTO) study, to assess whether several environmental attributes are causes of obesity. To accomplish our objective, we linked the MTO data with several external data sources that provide information on potential determinants of obesity ...
Gergs André A Department of Environmental, Social and Spatial Change, Roskilde University, Universitetsvej 3, DK-4000, Roskilde, Denmark; Institute for Environmental Research, RWTH Aachen University, Worringer Weg 1, D-52074, Aachen, - - 2013
Individual organisms have to endure transient periods of low-food supply with consequences for growth, reproduction and survival. To resist starvation, animals usually store resources in their bodies: the larger the animals are, the more resources they can carry, but the more energy they need to allocate for maintaining bodily functions. ...
Carter Megan Ann MA KFL&A Public Health, Kingston, ON K7M 1V5, - - 2014
Childhood excess weight and family food insecurity are food-system related public health problems that exist in Canada. Since both relate to issues of food accessibility, availability and utilization, which have elements of "place", they may share common risk factors in the local environment that are amenable to intervention. In this ...
Piernas Carmen C Department of Nutrition, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, - - 2013
Few studies have investigated the diet quality of consumers of low-calorie-sweetened (LCS) and calorie-sweetened (CS) beverages. The objective was to examine the dietary quality and adherence to dietary purchasing and consumption patterns of beverage consumers from 2000 to 2010. We analyzed purchases for 140,352 households from the Homescan longitudinal data ...
Bost Kelly K KK *Department of Human and Community Development, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL; †Department of Child, Family and Consumer Sciences, Fresno State University, Fresno, - - 2013
The goal of this study was to test 3 serial mediation models of how caregiver adult attachment style influences children's food consumption through its influence on emotion regulation. Three mediators that have been shown to increase the risk for pediatric obesity and that are likely to be influenced by negative ...
Törnwall Outi O Department of Food and Environmental Sciences, Agnes Sjöbergin katu 2, 00014 University of Helsinki, Finland. Electronic address: - - 2013
Subgroups based on flavor preferences were identified and their genetic and behavior related characteristics investigated using extensive data from 331 Finnish twins (21-25 years, 146 men) including 47 monozygotic (MZ) and 93 dizygotic (DZ) pairs, and 51 twin individuals. The subgroup identification (hierarchical and K-means clustering) was based on liking ...
Grassini Patricio P Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, PO Box 830915, Lincoln, Nebraska 68583-0915, - - 2013
Food security and land required for food production largely depend on rate of yield gain of major cereal crops. Previous projections of food security are often more optimistic than what historical yield trends would support. Many econometric projections of future food production assume compound rates of yield gain, which are ...
Barthélémy E E a European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) , 43126 Parma , - - 2013
ABSTRACT The development of a scheme for the safety evaluation of mechanical recycling processes for PET is described. The starting point is the adoption of a threshold of toxicological concern such that migration from the recycled PET should not give rise to a dietary exposure exceeding 0.0025 μg/kg bw/day, the exposure threshold ...
Martín-Sánchez Ana María AM IPOA Research Group, Grupo 1-UMH Grupo REVIV. Generalitat Valenciana, AgroFood Technology Department, Orihuela Polytechnical High School, Miguel Hernández University, Ctra. Beniel, Km 3.2, E-03312 Orihuela, Alicante, - - 2013
Date palm co-products are a source of bioactive compounds that could be used as a new ingredient for the meat industry. An intermediate food product (IFP) from date palm co-products (5%) was incorporated into a paprika added dry-cured sausage (PADS) model system and was analysed for physicochemical parameters, lipid oxidation ...
Comans Tracy A - - 2013
Childhood obesity is a recognised public health problem and around 25% of Australian children are overweight or obese. A major contributor is the obesogenic environment which encourages over consumption of energy dense nutrient poor food. Taxation is commonly proposed as a mechanism to reduce consumption of poor food choices and ...
Batis Carolina C Department of Nutrition, Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 123 West Franklin Street, Chapel Hill, NC 27516, - - 2013
In the present study, we aimed to identify the changes or stability in the structure of dietary patterns and tracking, trends and factors related to the adherence to these dietary patterns in China from 1991 to 2009. We analysed dietary data collected during seven waves of the China Health and ...
Jones Christopher M - - 2013
Which municipalities and locations within the United States contribute the most to household greenhouse gas emissions, and what is the effect of population density and suburbanization on emissions? Using national household surveys we developed econometric models of demand for energy, transportation, food, goods and services that were used to derive ...
Holt Daniel D DD University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire, Eau Claire, USA, - - 2013
Discounting is a useful framework for understanding choice involving a range of delayed and probabilistic outcomes (e.g., money, food, drugs), but relatively few studies have examined how people discount other commodities (e.g., entertainment, sex). Using a novel discounting task, where the length of a line represented the value of an ...
Hendriksen Marieke Ah MA National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, Netherlands (MAHH, RTH, JH, HCB, and JMAvR), and the Division of Human Nutrition, Wageningen University, Wageningen, Netherlands (JMG, HCB, and - - 2013
Excessive salt intake has been associated with hypertension and increased cardiovascular disease morbidity and mortality. Reducing salt intake is considered an important public health strategy in the Netherlands. The objective was to evaluate the health benefits of salt-reduction strategies related to processed foods for the Dutch population. Three salt-reduction scenarios ...
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