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Lesaint Florian F Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Univ Paris 06, UMR 7222, Institut des Systèmes Intelligents et de Robotique, F-75005, Paris, France; CNRS, UMR 7222, Institut des Systèmes Intelligents et de Robotique, F-75005, Paris, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Gaining a better understanding of the biological mechanisms underlying the individual variation observed in response to rewards and reward cues could help to identify and treat individuals more prone to disorders of impulsive control, such as addiction. Variation in response to reward cues is captured in rats undergoing autoshaping experiments ...
Georgsson Jennie - - 2014
GPR103, a G-protein coupled receptor, has been reported to have orexigenic properties through activation by the endogenous neuropeptide ligands, QRFP26 and QRFP43. Recognizing that central administration of QRFP26 and QRFP43 increases high fat food intake in rats, we decided to investigate if antagonists of GPR103 could play a role in ...
Finley John Westcott - - 2014
The Earth's population is expected to exceed 9 billion by 2050, posing significant challenges in meeting human needs while minimally impacting the environment. To support this population we will need secure and safe sources of food, energy, and water. The nexus of food, energy and water is one of the ...
Ames Susan L SL School of Community and Global Health, Claremont Graduate University, 675 West foothill Blvd. Suite 310, Claremont, CA 91711-3475, USA.. Electronic address: - - 2014
Inhibitory control and sensitivity to reward are relevant to the food choices individuals make frequently. An imbalance of these systems can lead to deficits in decision-making that are relevant to food ingestion. This study evaluated the relationship between dietary behaviors - binge eating and consumption of sweetened beverages and snacks ...
Tsai Chen-Chih CC Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Clemson University, Clemson, SC 29634, - - 2014
Fluid-feeding Lepidoptera use an elongated proboscis, conventionally modeled as a drinking straw, to feed from pools and films of liquid. Using the monarch butterfly, Danaus plexippus (Linnaeus), we show that the inherent structural features of the lepidopteran proboscis contradict the basic assumptions of the drinking-straw model. By experimentally characterizing permeability ...
Gregori Dario D Unit of Biostatistics, Epidemiology and Public Health, Department of Cardiac, Thoracic and Vascular Sciences, University of Padova, Via Loredan, 18, 35121, Padova, Italy, - - 2014
To investigate, in a large pan Indian sample of school children, whether gadgets (toys) added to food increase food consumption, and if contemporary exposure to TV and/or advertising is a further promoting factor. A total of 1,680 Indian children were first randomized to food exposure with or without toy and ...
Mulder Bob C BC Strategic Communication, Wageningen University, The Netherlands. - - 2014
Low public acceptance hinders the successful introduction of biotechnological innovations, such as genetically modified foods or vaccinations against infectious diseases. Earlier studies indicated that a lack of knowledge is not a key barrier to acceptance. This was confirmed in the current study, which examined an integrated theoretical model tested among ...
Helfer Peter P Department of Psychology and Integrated Program in Neuroscience, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, - - 2014
The widespread availability of calorie-dense food is believed to be a contributing cause of an epidemic of obesity and associated diseases throughout the world. One possible countermeasure is to empower consumers to make healthier food choices with useful nutrition labeling. An important part of this endeavor is to determine the ...
Marino Andrea A Centro Nacional Patagónico-CONICET, B. Brown 2915, U 9120 ACF, Puerto Madryn, Chubut, Argentina, - - 2014
Ungulates living in predator-free reserves offer the opportunity to study the influence of food limitation on population dynamics without the potentially confounding effects of top-down regulation or livestock competition. We assessed the influence of relative forage availability and population density on guanaco recruitment in two predator-free reserves in eastern Patagonia, ...
Engeset Dagrun D 1Department of Community Medicine,UiT The Arctic University of Norway,N-9037 - - 2014
To identify dietary patterns with whole grains as a main focus to see if there is a similar whole grain pattern in the three Scandinavian countries; Denmark, Sweden and Norway. Another objective is to see if items suggested for a Nordic Food Index will form a typical Nordic pattern when ...
Lescord Gretchen L GL University of New Brunswick/Canadian Rivers Institute, 100 Tucker Park Rd, Saint John, NB E2L 4A6, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
In temperate regions of Canada, mercury (Hg) concentrations in biota and the magnitude of Hg biomagnification through food webs vary between neighboring lakes and are related to water chemistry variables and physical lake features. However, few studies have examined factors affecting the variable Hg concentrations in landlocked Arctic char (Salvelinus ...
Ahrens Birgit B Department of Pediatric Pneumology and Immunology, Charité Universitätsmedizin, Berlin,, - - 2014
Scope: Considering the increasing numbers of patients suffering from food allergy (FA) as well as the great variety of novel foods and food compositions, an unmet need exists for the development of preclinical approaches to characterize the allergenic potential of proteins. The aim of our study was to evaluate the ...
Artiaga G G Department of Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Avenida Complutense s/n, 28040 Madrid, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2015
In this work, silver migration from commercial food containers was evaluated according to European Regulation 10/2011. Several experimental parameters affected silver release: food simulant, temperature, exposition time and sampled bag area. Results demonstrated a significant silver nanoparticle (AgNP) migration into aqueous and acidic simulants. The amount of silver migrated increased ...
Davis George C GC 1Department of Human Nutrition,Foods,and Exercise and Agricultural and Applied Economics,Virginia Tech University,214 Hutcheson Hall,Blacksburg,VA - - 2014
An important debate in the literature is whether or not higher energy-dense foods are cheaper than less energy-dense foods. The present communication develops and applies an easy statistical test to determine if the relationship between food price and energy density is an artifact of how the data units are constructed ...
Vangay P P Department of Food Science, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, - - 2014
Increasing evidence suggests that persistence of Listeria monocytogenes in food processing plants has been the underlying cause of a number of human listeriosis outbreaks. This study extracts criteria used by food safety experts in determining bacterial persistence in the environment, using retail delicatessen operations as a model. Using the Delphi ...
Wechsler Joshua B JB Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Department of Pediatrics, Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago, 225 East Chicago Avenue, Chicago, IL 60611, - - 2014
Eosinophilic esophagitis is rapidly increasing in incidence. It is associated with food antigen-triggered, eosinophil-predominant inflammation, and the pathogenic mechanisms have many similarities to other chronic atopic diseases. Studies in animal models and from patients have suggested that allergic sensitization leads to food-specific IgE and T-helper lymphocyte type 2 cells, both of ...
Yoon Changwook C Department of Mathematical Sciences, KAIST, 291 Daehak-ro, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon, 305-701, Korea, - - 2014
Chemotaxis models are based on spatial or temporal gradient measurements by individual organisms. The key contribution of Keller and Segel (J Theor Biol 30:225-234, 1971a; J Theor Biol 30:235-248, 1971b) is showing that erratic measurements of individuals may result in an accurate chemotaxis phenomenon as a group. In this paper ...
Fransen Heidi P HP Julius Center for Health Sciences and Primary Care, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, The - - 2014
Principal component analysis (PCA) and cluster analysis are used frequently to derive dietary patterns. Decisions on how many patterns to extract are primarily based on subjective criteria, whereas different solutions vary in their food-group composition and perhaps association with disease outcome. Literature on reliability of dietary patterns is scarce, and ...
Corona Teresa - - 2014
The inorganic elements potentially migrating from cork to a food simulant (a hydroalcoholic solution containing 12% and 20% (v/v) ethanol) have been determined by means of inductively coupled plasma (ICP) with atomic emission and mass spectrometric detection. The experimental instrumental conditions were evaluated in depth, taking into account spectroscopic and ...
Korczak Renee R Department of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Minnesota, 1334 Eckles Avenue, St. Paul, Minnesota - - 2014
Satiety, the feeling of fullness from a meal, is of interest in obesity treatment and prevention. Foods that are sources of dietary fiber can promote satiety, but previous studies report conflicting results since not all fibers are equally satiating. Complex fiber mixtures such as those found in oat and barley ...
Hone-Blanchet Antoine A Laboratory of Canada Research Chair in Cognitive Neuroscience, Centre Interdisciplinaire de recherche en réadaptation et intégration sociale, Centre de Recherche l'Institut Universitaire en Santé Mentale de Québec, Medical School, Laval University, - - 2014
Food has both homeostatic and hedonic components, which makes it a potent natural reward. Food related reward could therefore promote an escalation of intake and trigger symptoms associated to withdrawal, suggesting a behavioral parallel with substance abuse. Animal and human theoretical models of food reward and addiction have emerged, raising ...
Pei Z Z 1] Institute of Epidemiology I, Helmholtz Zentrum München - German Research Center for Environmental Health, Neuherberg, Germany [2] Faculty of Medicine, Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich, Munich, - - 2014
Background/Objectives:Mother's body mass index (BMI) is a strong predictor of child BMI. Whether mother's BMI correlates with child's food intake is unclear. We investigated associations between mother's BMI/overweight and child's food intake using data from two German birth cohorts.Subjects/Methods:Food intakes from 3230 participants were derived from parent-completed food frequency questionnaires. ...
Robinson Eric E From the Departments of Psychological Sciences (ER) and Biostatistics (CTS and SJN), University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom; Medical Research Council Human Nutrition Research, Cambridge, United Kingdom (EA-R and SAJ); the Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics and the EMGO+ Institute for Health and Care Research, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, Netherlands (FR); the Division of Human Nutrition, Wageningen University, Wageningen, Netherlands (CdG); Top Institute Food and Nutrition, Wageningen, Netherlands (CdG); Nestlé Research Centre, Vers-Chez-Les-Blanc, Lausanne, Switzerland (CGF); and the Nuffield Department of Primary Care Health Sciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom - - 2014
Reductions in eating rate are recommended to prevent and treat obesity; yet, the relation between eating rate and energy intake has not been systematically reviewed, with studies producing mixed results.OBJECTIVE: Our main objective was to examine how experimentally manipulated differences in eating rate influence concurrent energy intake and subjective hunger ...
Chriqui Jamie F JF 1 Institute for Health Research and Policy, University of Illinois at Chicago , Chicago, - - 2014
Abstract Background: The USDA snack food and beverage standards take effect in school year (SY) 2014-2015. Although the USDA standards will provide nationwide requirements, concerns exist about compliance. This study examined whether existing state laws are aligned with the USDA standards to determine whether some states may be better positioned ...
China Victor V Department of Zoology, Faculty of Life Sciences, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978, Israel; andThe Inter-University Institute for Marine Sciences, Eilat 88103, - - 2014
Larval fishes suffer prodigious mortality rates, eliminating 99% of the brood within a few days after first feeding. Hjort (1914) famously attributed this "critical period" of low survival to the larvae's inability to obtain sufficient food [Hjort (1914) Rapp P-v Réun Cons Int Explor Mer 20:1-228]. However, the cause of ...
Mai Robert R Department of Marketing, Faculty of Business, Economics and Social Sciences, Christian-Albrecht-University of Kiel, 24098 Kiel, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
With the steady rise of the adiposity epidemic, there are increasing calls to stimulate healthier food choices. This is difficult, however, because consumers hold the nearly universal belief that healthy foods are less tasty. To increase their attractiveness, optimizing certain health-unrelated food attributes may help compensate for the loss in ...
Alvarez J J Departamento de Nutrición y Bromatología, Facultad de Farmacia, Universidad de Granada, Granada, - - 2014
Citrus juices are perceived as healthy foods by consumers due to their richness in antioxidant compounds. Despite the large number of papers about the antioxidant activity of citrus juices, less is known about the relationship with physicochemical properties. This paper shows that the overall antioxidant activity of citrus juices is ...
Zhang Donglan D Donglan Zhang and Frederick J. Zimmerman are with the Department of Health Policy and Management, Fielding School of Public Health, University of California, Los Angeles. Philippe J. Giabbanelli is with the Interdisciplinary Research in the Mathematical and Computational Sciences Centre, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, British Columbia. Onyebuchi A. Arah is with the Department of Epidemiology, Fielding School of Public Health, University of California, Los - - 2014
Objectives. Unhealthy eating is a complex-system problem. We used agent-based modeling to examine the effects of different policies on unhealthy eating behaviors. Methods. We developed an agent-based simulation model to represent a synthetic population of adults in Pasadena, CA, and how they make dietary decisions. Data from the 2007 Food ...
Bradley E L EL a The Food and Environment Research Agency , Sand Hutton, York , - - 2014
Four samples of paper and board (P/B) of a type used for packaging dry foods were subjected to migration tests using mushrooms, apples, potatoes and bananas, and using the polymeric powder Tenax™ as a food simulant. The P/B samples contained only low levels of diisopropylnaphthalene (DiPN) and diisobutyl phthalate (DiBP) ...
Li Siying S SS Department of Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada; Toronto 3D Knowledge Synthesis and Clinical Trials Unit, Clinical Nutrition and Risk Factor Modification Centre, St. Michael's Hospital, Toronto, ON, - - 2014
To assess the effect of dietary pulses (beans, peas, chickpeas, lentils) on acute satiety and second meal intake, a systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted. MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, and the Cochrane Registry (through May 6, 2013) were searched for acute controlled trials examining the effect of dietary pulses on postprandial ...
Blumchen Katharina K Department of Pediatric Pneumology and Immunology, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Threshold levels for peanut allergy determined by using oral challenges are important for the food industry with regard to allergen labeling. Moreover, the utility of biological markers in predicting threshold levels is uncertain. We sought to use a modified oral food challenge regimen that might determine threshold levels for peanut ...
Rimbach Rebecca R Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology Unit, German Primate Center, Göttingen, Germany; Fundación Proyecto Primates, Bogotá, - - 2014
Numerous animal species currently experience habitat loss and fragmentation. This might result in behavioral and dietary adjustments, especially because fruit availability is frequently reduced in fragments. Food scarcity can result in elevated physiological stress levels, and chronic stress often has detrimental effects on individuals. Some animal species exhibit a high ...
Deierlein Andrea L AL 1 Department of Preventive Medicine, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, 17 East 102nd Street D3-130, New York, NY 10029, - - 2014
To describe availability and frequency of use of local snack-food outlets and determine whether reported use of these outlets was associated with dietary intakes. Data were cross-sectional. Availability and frequency of use of three types of local snack-food outlets were reported. Daily dietary intakes were based on the average of ...
Pirkle Catherine M CM Population Health & Optimal Health Practices Research Unit, CHU de Québec Research Centre, - - 2014
In this commentary, we use examples from West Africa to highlight how the liberalization of global agricultural trade exacerbates population health inequalities by threatening the livelihoods and food security of communities in low-income settings. We highlight the exploitative nature of trade agreements with West African countries demonstrating how these agreements ...
Klein Entink Rinke H RH TNO, PO Box 360, 3700 AJ, Zeist, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
For most allergenic foods, limited availability of threshold dose information within the population restricts the advice on action levels of unintended allergenic foods which should trigger advisory labelling on packaged foods. The objective of this paper is to provide guidance for selecting an optimal sample size for threshold dosing studies ...
Minekus M M TNO, PO BOX 360, 3700AJ Zeist, The Netherlands. - - 2014
Simulated gastro-intestinal digestion is widely employed in many fields of food and nutritional sciences, as conducting human trials are often costly, resource intensive, and ethically disputable. As a consequence, in vitro alternatives that determine endpoints such as the bioaccessibility of nutrients and non-nutrients or the digestibility of macronutrients (e.g. lipids, ...
Jin Yingliang Y a Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health , Southeast University , Nanjing , - - 2014
The main purpose of the present study was to estimate the dietary exposure to lead for the inhabitants in Jiangsu province. Lead concentration data were obtained from the national food contamination monitoring programme during 2007-2010. Food samples (n = 2077) were collected from 23 food categories in Jiangsu province. Consumption data were ...
Heron Kristin E KE Survey Research Center, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, - - 2014
A growing body of research seeks to understand the relationship between mood and eating behaviors. Ecological Momentary Assessment (EMA) methods provide a method for assessing these processes in natural settings. We used EMA to examine the relationship between mood and eating behaviors in everyday life among women with subclinical disordered ...
Møller Anders Pape AP Laboratoire d'Ecologie, Systématique et Evolution, CNRS UMR 8079, Université Paris-Sud, Bâtiment 362, 91405, Orsay Cedex, France, - - 2014
Many organisms have invaded urban habitats, although the underlying factors initially promoting urbanization remain poorly understood. Partial migration may facilitate urbanization because such populations benefit from surplus food in urban environments during winter, and hence enjoy reduced fitness costs of migratory deaths. We tested this hypothesis in the European blackbird ...
Innamorati Marco M a Department of Human Sciences, European University of Rome , - - 2014
Food craving (FC) might play an important role in the course of eating disorders and obesity. The question of its measurement has particular importance in relation to the dramatic growth in obesity rates and its relevance for public health. The aim of this study was to investigate the psychometric properties ...
Ishikawa Naoto F - - 2014
We measured the natural abundances of radiocarbon (delta14C) in macroinvertebrates, fishes, and their potential food sources, collected from the upper and lower reaches of six temperate streams in Lake Biwa basin (central Japan), three of which flow on limestone bedrock. Several carbon storage reservoirs in the watersheds show distinctive delta14C ...
Sathyamala C C Coordinator, PRoH Study, currently PhD Scholar at the International Institute of Social Studies , Den Haag, Erasmus University, - - 2014
The Public Report on Health (PRoH) was initiated in 2005 to understand public health issues for people from diverse backgrounds living in different region specific contexts. States were selected purposively to capture a diversity of situations from better-performing states and not-so-well performing states. Based on these considerations, six states - ...
Temple Jennifer L JL Department of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, School of Public Health and Health Professions, University at Buffalo, 3435 Main Street, 1 Farber Hall, Buffalo, NY 14214; Department of Community Health and Health Behavior, School of Public Health and Health Professions, University at Buffalo, 3435 Main Street, 1 Farber Hall, Buffalo, NY 14214. Electronic address: - - 2014
Behavioral economic principles state that as the cost of a product increases, purchasing or consumption of that product will decrease. To understand the impact of behavioral economics on ingestive behavior, our laboratory utilizes an operant behavior paradigm to measure how much work an individual will engage in to get access ...
Chalabi Zaid Z Department of Social and Environmental Health Research, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, 15-17 Tavistock Place, London WC1H 9SH, - - 2014
Food-based dietary recommendations (FBR) play an essential role in promoting a healthy diet. To support the process of formulating a set of population-specific FBR, a probabilistic model was developed specifically to predict the changes in the percentage of a population at risk of inadequate nutrient intakes after the adoption of ...
Lin Xiaowen - - 2014
The world food system is globalized and inter-connected, in which trade plays an increasingly important role in facilitating food availability. In this paper, we present a novel application of network analysis to domestic food flows within the USA, a country with global importance as a major agricultural producer and trade ...
Chakraborty Kunal K Information Services and Ocean Sciences Group, Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services, Hyderabad "Ocean Valley", Pragathi Nagar (BO), Nizampet (SO), Hyderabad, 500090, India, - - 2014
We describe a prey-predator system incorporating constant prey refuge through provision of alternative food to predators. The proposed model deals with a problem of non-selective harvesting of a prey-predator system in which both the prey and the predator species obey logistic law of growth. The long-run sustainability of an exploited ...
Barker S Fiona SF Department of Resource Management and Geography, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, VIC 3010, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
With a rapidly growing urban population in Kumasi, Ghana, the consumption of street food is increasing. Raw salads, which often accompany street food dishes, are typically composed of perishable vegetables that are grown in close proximity to the city using poor quality water for irrigation. This study assessed the risk ...
Mevers Joanna E Lomas JE Marcus Autism Center and Georgia State - - 2014
Results of previous research indicate that the delivery of positive reinforcement (e.g., food) for an appropriate, alternative target response (e.g., compliance) or delivery of food on a time-based schedule can decrease problem behavior reinforced by escape, even when problem behavior continues to produce negative reinforcement (e.g., Lalli et al., 1999; ...
Levesque Sarah S 1 WHO Collaborating Centre on Nutrition Changes and Development, Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Medicine, Lilian-Stewart Building, University of Montreal, PO Box 6128 Downtown Station, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, H3C - - 2014
Food guides are important tools for nutrition education. While developing a food guide in Benin, the objective was to determine the daily number of servings per food group and the portion sizes of common foods to be recommended. Linear programming (LP) was used to determine, for each predefined food group, ...
Fiedler John L JL 1 The Strengthening Partnerships, Results and Innovations in Nutrition Globally (SPRING), Project PHND & HarvestPlus, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), Washington, DC 20006, - - 2014
Vitamin A deficiency is a serious health problem in Bangladesh. The 2011-12 Bangladesh Micronutrient Survey found 76·8 % of children of pre-school age were vitamin A deficient. In the absence of nationally representative, individual dietary assessment data, we use an alternative - household income and expenditure survey data - to ...
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