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Hone-Blanchet Antoine A Laboratory of Canada Research Chair in Cognitive Neuroscience, Centre Interdisciplinaire de recherche en réadaptation et intégration sociale, Centre de Recherche l'Institut Universitaire en Santé Mentale de Québec, Medical School, Laval University, - - 2014
Food has both homeostatic and hedonic components, which makes it a potent natural reward. Food related reward could therefore promote an escalation of intake and trigger symptoms associated to withdrawal, suggesting a behavioral parallel with substance abuse. Animal and human theoretical models of food reward and addiction have emerged, raising ...
Pei Z Z 1] Institute of Epidemiology I, Helmholtz Zentrum München - German Research Center for Environmental Health, Neuherberg, Germany [2] Faculty of Medicine, Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich, Munich, - - 2014
Background/Objectives:Mother's body mass index (BMI) is a strong predictor of child BMI. Whether mother's BMI correlates with child's food intake is unclear. We investigated associations between mother's BMI/overweight and child's food intake using data from two German birth cohorts.Subjects/Methods:Food intakes from 3230 participants were derived from parent-completed food frequency questionnaires. ...
Robinson Eric E From the Departments of Psychological Sciences (ER) and Biostatistics (CTS and SJN), University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom; Medical Research Council Human Nutrition Research, Cambridge, United Kingdom (EA-R and SAJ); the Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics and the EMGO+ Institute for Health and Care Research, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, Netherlands (FR); the Division of Human Nutrition, Wageningen University, Wageningen, Netherlands (CdG); Top Institute Food and Nutrition, Wageningen, Netherlands (CdG); Nestlé Research Centre, Vers-Chez-Les-Blanc, Lausanne, Switzerland (CGF); and the Nuffield Department of Primary Care Health Sciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom - - 2014
Reductions in eating rate are recommended to prevent and treat obesity; yet, the relation between eating rate and energy intake has not been systematically reviewed, with studies producing mixed results.OBJECTIVE: Our main objective was to examine how experimentally manipulated differences in eating rate influence concurrent energy intake and subjective hunger ...
Chriqui Jamie F JF 1 Institute for Health Research and Policy, University of Illinois at Chicago , Chicago, - - 2014
Abstract Background: The USDA snack food and beverage standards take effect in school year (SY) 2014-2015. Although the USDA standards will provide nationwide requirements, concerns exist about compliance. This study examined whether existing state laws are aligned with the USDA standards to determine whether some states may be better positioned ...
China Victor V Department of Zoology, Faculty of Life Sciences, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978, Israel; andThe Inter-University Institute for Marine Sciences, Eilat 88103, - - 2014
Larval fishes suffer prodigious mortality rates, eliminating 99% of the brood within a few days after first feeding. Hjort (1914) famously attributed this "critical period" of low survival to the larvae's inability to obtain sufficient food [Hjort (1914) Rapp P-v Réun Cons Int Explor Mer 20:1-228]. However, the cause of ...
Mai Robert R Department of Marketing, Faculty of Business, Economics and Social Sciences, Christian-Albrecht-University of Kiel, 24098 Kiel, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
With the steady rise of the adiposity epidemic, there are increasing calls to stimulate healthier food choices. This is difficult, however, because consumers hold the nearly universal belief that healthy foods are less tasty. To increase their attractiveness, optimizing certain health-unrelated food attributes may help compensate for the loss in ...
Alvarez J J Departamento de Nutrición y Bromatología, Facultad de Farmacia, Universidad de Granada, Granada, - - 2014
Citrus juices are perceived as healthy foods by consumers due to their richness in antioxidant compounds. Despite the large number of papers about the antioxidant activity of citrus juices, less is known about the relationship with physicochemical properties. This paper shows that the overall antioxidant activity of citrus juices is ...
Zhang Donglan D Donglan Zhang and Frederick J. Zimmerman are with the Department of Health Policy and Management, Fielding School of Public Health, University of California, Los Angeles. Philippe J. Giabbanelli is with the Interdisciplinary Research in the Mathematical and Computational Sciences Centre, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, British Columbia. Onyebuchi A. Arah is with the Department of Epidemiology, Fielding School of Public Health, University of California, Los - - 2014
Objectives. Unhealthy eating is a complex-system problem. We used agent-based modeling to examine the effects of different policies on unhealthy eating behaviors. Methods. We developed an agent-based simulation model to represent a synthetic population of adults in Pasadena, CA, and how they make dietary decisions. Data from the 2007 Food ...
Bradley E L EL a The Food and Environment Research Agency , Sand Hutton, York , - - 2014
Four samples of paper and board (P/B) of a type used for packaging dry foods were subjected to migration tests using mushrooms, apples, potatoes and bananas, and using the polymeric powder Tenax™ as a food simulant. The P/B samples contained only low levels of diisopropylnaphthalene (DiPN) and diisobutyl phthalate (DiBP) ...
Li Siying S SS Department of Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada; Toronto 3D Knowledge Synthesis and Clinical Trials Unit, Clinical Nutrition and Risk Factor Modification Centre, St. Michael's Hospital, Toronto, ON, - - 2014
To assess the effect of dietary pulses (beans, peas, chickpeas, lentils) on acute satiety and second meal intake, a systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted. MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, and the Cochrane Registry (through May 6, 2013) were searched for acute controlled trials examining the effect of dietary pulses on postprandial ...
Blumchen Katharina K Department of Pediatric Pneumology and Immunology, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Threshold levels for peanut allergy determined by using oral challenges are important for the food industry with regard to allergen labeling. Moreover, the utility of biological markers in predicting threshold levels is uncertain. We sought to use a modified oral food challenge regimen that might determine threshold levels for peanut ...
Rimbach Rebecca R Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology Unit, German Primate Center, Göttingen, Germany; Fundación Proyecto Primates, Bogotá, - - 2014
Numerous animal species currently experience habitat loss and fragmentation. This might result in behavioral and dietary adjustments, especially because fruit availability is frequently reduced in fragments. Food scarcity can result in elevated physiological stress levels, and chronic stress often has detrimental effects on individuals. Some animal species exhibit a high ...
Deierlein Andrea L AL 1 Department of Preventive Medicine, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, 17 East 102nd Street D3-130, New York, NY 10029, - - 2014
To describe availability and frequency of use of local snack-food outlets and determine whether reported use of these outlets was associated with dietary intakes. Data were cross-sectional. Availability and frequency of use of three types of local snack-food outlets were reported. Daily dietary intakes were based on the average of ...
Pirkle Catherine M CM Population Health & Optimal Health Practices Research Unit, CHU de Québec Research Centre, - - 2014
In this commentary, we use examples from West Africa to highlight how the liberalization of global agricultural trade exacerbates population health inequalities by threatening the livelihoods and food security of communities in low-income settings. We highlight the exploitative nature of trade agreements with West African countries demonstrating how these agreements ...
Klein Entink Rinke H RH TNO, PO Box 360, 3700 AJ, Zeist, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
For most allergenic foods, limited availability of threshold dose information within the population restricts the advice on action levels of unintended allergenic foods which should trigger advisory labelling on packaged foods. The objective of this paper is to provide guidance for selecting an optimal sample size for threshold dosing studies ...
Minekus M M TNO, PO BOX 360, 3700AJ Zeist, The Netherlands. - - 2014
Simulated gastro-intestinal digestion is widely employed in many fields of food and nutritional sciences, as conducting human trials are often costly, resource intensive, and ethically disputable. As a consequence, in vitro alternatives that determine endpoints such as the bioaccessibility of nutrients and non-nutrients or the digestibility of macronutrients (e.g. lipids, ...
Jin Yingliang Y a Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health , Southeast University , Nanjing , - - 2014
The main purpose of the present study was to estimate the dietary exposure to lead for the inhabitants in Jiangsu province. Lead concentration data were obtained from the national food contamination monitoring programme during 2007-2010. Food samples (n = 2077) were collected from 23 food categories in Jiangsu province. Consumption data were ...
Heron Kristin E KE Survey Research Center, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, - - 2014
A growing body of research seeks to understand the relationship between mood and eating behaviors. Ecological Momentary Assessment (EMA) methods provide a method for assessing these processes in natural settings. We used EMA to examine the relationship between mood and eating behaviors in everyday life among women with subclinical disordered ...
Møller Anders Pape AP Laboratoire d'Ecologie, Systématique et Evolution, CNRS UMR 8079, Université Paris-Sud, Bâtiment 362, 91405, Orsay Cedex, France, - - 2014
Many organisms have invaded urban habitats, although the underlying factors initially promoting urbanization remain poorly understood. Partial migration may facilitate urbanization because such populations benefit from surplus food in urban environments during winter, and hence enjoy reduced fitness costs of migratory deaths. We tested this hypothesis in the European blackbird ...
Innamorati Marco M a Department of Human Sciences, European University of Rome , - - 2014
Food craving (FC) might play an important role in the course of eating disorders and obesity. The question of its measurement has particular importance in relation to the dramatic growth in obesity rates and its relevance for public health. The aim of this study was to investigate the psychometric properties ...
Sathyamala C C Coordinator, PRoH Study, currently PhD Scholar at the International Institute of Social Studies , Den Haag, Erasmus University, - - 2014
The Public Report on Health (PRoH) was initiated in 2005 to understand public health issues for people from diverse backgrounds living in different region specific contexts. States were selected purposively to capture a diversity of situations from better-performing states and not-so-well performing states. Based on these considerations, six states - ...
Ishikawa Naoto F - - 2014
We measured the natural abundances of radiocarbon (delta14C) in macroinvertebrates, fishes, and their potential food sources, collected from the upper and lower reaches of six temperate streams in Lake Biwa basin (central Japan), three of which flow on limestone bedrock. Several carbon storage reservoirs in the watersheds show distinctive delta14C ...
Temple Jennifer L JL Department of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, School of Public Health and Health Professions, University at Buffalo, 3435 Main Street, 1 Farber Hall, Buffalo, NY 14214; Department of Community Health and Health Behavior, School of Public Health and Health Professions, University at Buffalo, 3435 Main Street, 1 Farber Hall, Buffalo, NY 14214. Electronic address: - - 2014
Behavioral economic principles state that as the cost of a product increases, purchasing or consumption of that product will decrease. To understand the impact of behavioral economics on ingestive behavior, our laboratory utilizes an operant behavior paradigm to measure how much work an individual will engage in to get access ...
Chalabi Zaid Z Department of Social and Environmental Health Research, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, 15-17 Tavistock Place, London WC1H 9SH, - - 2014
Food-based dietary recommendations (FBR) play an essential role in promoting a healthy diet. To support the process of formulating a set of population-specific FBR, a probabilistic model was developed specifically to predict the changes in the percentage of a population at risk of inadequate nutrient intakes after the adoption of ...
Lin Xiaowen - - 2014
The world food system is globalized and inter-connected, in which trade plays an increasingly important role in facilitating food availability. In this paper, we present a novel application of network analysis to domestic food flows within the USA, a country with global importance as a major agricultural producer and trade ...
Chakraborty Kunal K Information Services and Ocean Sciences Group, Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services, Hyderabad "Ocean Valley", Pragathi Nagar (BO), Nizampet (SO), Hyderabad, 500090, India, - - 2014
We describe a prey-predator system incorporating constant prey refuge through provision of alternative food to predators. The proposed model deals with a problem of non-selective harvesting of a prey-predator system in which both the prey and the predator species obey logistic law of growth. The long-run sustainability of an exploited ...
Barker S Fiona SF Department of Resource Management and Geography, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, VIC 3010, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
With a rapidly growing urban population in Kumasi, Ghana, the consumption of street food is increasing. Raw salads, which often accompany street food dishes, are typically composed of perishable vegetables that are grown in close proximity to the city using poor quality water for irrigation. This study assessed the risk ...
Mevers Joanna E Lomas JE Marcus Autism Center and Georgia State - - 2014
Results of previous research indicate that the delivery of positive reinforcement (e.g., food) for an appropriate, alternative target response (e.g., compliance) or delivery of food on a time-based schedule can decrease problem behavior reinforced by escape, even when problem behavior continues to produce negative reinforcement (e.g., Lalli et al., 1999; ...
Levesque Sarah S 1 WHO Collaborating Centre on Nutrition Changes and Development, Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Medicine, Lilian-Stewart Building, University of Montreal, PO Box 6128 Downtown Station, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, H3C - - 2014
Food guides are important tools for nutrition education. While developing a food guide in Benin, the objective was to determine the daily number of servings per food group and the portion sizes of common foods to be recommended. Linear programming (LP) was used to determine, for each predefined food group, ...
Fiedler John L JL 1 The Strengthening Partnerships, Results and Innovations in Nutrition Globally (SPRING), Project PHND & HarvestPlus, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), Washington, DC 20006, - - 2014
Vitamin A deficiency is a serious health problem in Bangladesh. The 2011-12 Bangladesh Micronutrient Survey found 76·8 % of children of pre-school age were vitamin A deficient. In the absence of nationally representative, individual dietary assessment data, we use an alternative - household income and expenditure survey data - to ...
Donat-Vargas C C Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, University of Navarra, , Pamplona, - - 2014
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) are persistent organic pollutants (POP) that are consumed because of their bioaccumulation through the food chain. Recent studies have suggested the implication of POPs in the development of metabolic diseases such as type 2 diabetes and obesity. However, this relationship is not entirely consistent, and has not ...
Sentis Arnaud A Département de sciences biologiques, Institut de recherche en biologie végétale, Université de Montréal, Montréal, Québec, H1X2B2, Canada; Université de Toulouse - École Nationale de Formation Agronomique, Unité Mixte de Recherche 5174 'Evolution et Diversité Biologique', Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, BP 22687, Castanet-Tolosan 31326, France; Department of Ecosystem Biology, Faculty of Science, University of South Bohemia, České Budějovice 370 05, Czech - - 2014
Revealing the links between species functional traits, interaction strength and food-web structure is of paramount importance for understanding and predicting the relationships between food-web diversity and stability in a rapidly changing world. However, little is known about the interactive effects of environmental perturbations on individual species, trophic interactions and ecosystem ...
Carey Michael P MP U.S. Geological Survey, Alaska Science Center 4210 University Dr., Anchorage, Alaska, - - 2014
Lake ecosystems in the Arctic are changing rapidly due to climate warming. Lakes are sensitive integrators of climate-induced changes and prominent features across the Arctic landscape, especially in lowland permafrost regions such as the Arctic Coastal Plain of Alaska. Despite many studies on the implications of climate warming, how fish ...
Costello Cecily M CM College of Forestry and Conservation, University of Montana Missoula, MT, 59812, - - 2014
When abundant, seeds of the high-elevation whitebark pine (WBP; Pinus albicaulis) are an important fall food for grizzly bears (Ursus arctos) in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem. Rates of bear mortality and bear/human conflicts have been inversely associated with WBP productivity. Recently, mountain pine beetles (Dendroctonus ponderosae) have killed many cone-producing ...
Arganda S S Centre de Recherches sur la Cognition animale, UMR 5169, CNRS Université de Toulouse, - - 2014
In a foraging context, social insects make collective decisions from individuals responding to local information. When faced with foods varying in quality, ants are known to be able to select the best food source using pheromone trails. Until now, studies investigating collective decisions have focused on single nutrients, mostly carbohydrates. ...
Kral Tanja V E TV Department of Biobehavioral Health Sciences, University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, Pennsylvania, USA; Department of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, Pennsylvania, - - 2014
Food portion size is an important determinant of intake in children. It remains unknown if children's weight status and relative reinforcing value of food (RRVF) interact with portion size to affect intake. In a randomized crossover design, 25 normal-weight and 25 obese children, ages 8-10 years, consumed dinner once a ...
Watts Allison W - - 2014
High rates of childhood obesity have generated interest among policy makers to improve the school food environment and increase students' levels of physical activity. The purpose of this study was to examine school-level changes associated with implementation of the Food and Beverage Sales in Schools (FBSS) and Daily Physical Activity ...
López-Bao José Vicente JV Research Unit of Biodiversity (UO/CSIC/PA), Oviedo University, 33600, Mieres, Spain; Grimsö Wildlife Research Station, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), SE-730 91, Riddarhyttan, - - 2014
1. Food availability is considered a major factor determining spacing behaviour in territorial species, especially for females. Theoretically, spatial overlap (considered the opposite of territoriality) and food availability are related in a non-linear manner (hypothesized inverted-U function), with high overlap levels at the extremes of a food availability gradient and ...
Bakolis Ioannis I Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Imperial College London, Norfolk Place, London W2 1PG, - - 2014
Dietary patterns derived empirically using principal components analysis (PCA) are widely employed for investigating diet-disease relationships. In the present study, we investigated whether PCA performed better at identifying such associations than an analysis of each food on a FFQ separately, referred to here as an exhaustive single food analysis (ESFA). ...
Biesbroek Sander - - 2014
Food choices influence health status, but also have a great impact on the environment. The production of animal-derived foods has a high environmental burden, whereas the burden of refined carbohydrates, vegetables and fruit is low. The aim of this study was to investigate the associations of greenhouse gas emission (GHGE) ...
Giussani Augusto A Department of Radiation Protection and Health, BfS-Federal Office for Radiation Protection, Ingolstädter Landstraße 1, D-85764 Oberschleißheim, - - 2014
A recent work has shown that the current ICRP biokinetic model for the transfer of caesium radionuclides from food to human breast milk was able to describe with satisfactory accuracy (137)Cs activity concentrations in human breast samples collected a few weeks after the Chernobyl accident as well as in samples ...
Verger Eric O EO AgroParisTech, CRNH-IdF, UMR914 Nutrition Physiology and Ingestive Behavior, Paris, - - 2014
Identifying the dietary changes with the greatest potential for improving diet quality is critical to designing efficient nutrition communication campaigns. Our objective was to simulate the effects of different types of dietary substitutions to improve diet quality at the individual level. Starting from the observed diets of 1330 adults participating ...
Lederer Ashley A New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Long Island City, New York. Electronic address: - - 2014
Poor diet is a leading cause of disability, death, and rising health care costs. Government agencies can have a large impact on population nutrition by adopting healthy food purchasing policies. In 2007, New York City (NYC) began developing a nutrition policy for all foods purchased, served, or contracted for by ...
Schaffner Donald W DW Department of Food Science, Rutgers University, 65 Dudley Road, New Brunswick, New Jersey 08901, USA. - - 2014
There are conflicting reports on whether antibacterial hand hygiene products are more effective than nonantibacterial products in reducing bacteria on hands and preventing disease. This research used new laboratory data, together with simulation techniques, to compare the ability of nonantibacterial and antibacterial products to reduce shigellosis risk. One hundred sixtythree ...
Gewa Constance A CA 1 Department of Nutrition & Food Studies, College of Health & Human Services, George Mason University, 4400 University Drive, MSN 1F8, Fairfax, VA 22030, - - 2014
To explore multiple methods of calculating diet diversity scores (DDS) to maximize associations with predicted dietary micronutrient adequacy among schoolchildren in rural Kenya. Up to three 24 h recall interviews were administered for each child for a total of 1544 d of intake from all schoolchildren. Daily amounts of food ...
Godber Olivia F OF Veterinary Parasitology & Ecology Group, Bristol Life Sciences Building, University of Bristol, Bristol, BS8 1TQ, United - - 2014
Livestock production is an important contributor to sustainable food security for many nations, particularly in low income areas and marginal habitats that are unsuitable for crop production. Animal products account for approximately one third of global human protein consumption. Here a range of indicators, derived from FAOSTAT and World Bank ...
Jankovic Nicole - - 2014
Reduced rank regression (RRR) combines exploratory analysis with a-priori knowledge by including risk factors in the model. Dietary patterns, derived from RRR analysis, can be interpreted by the chosen risk factor profile and give an indication of positive or adverse health effects for a specific disease. Our aim was to ...
Stephens Philip A - - 2014
An aspect of life history that has seen increasing attention in recent years is that of strategies for financing the costs of offspring production. These strategies are often described by a continuum ranging from capital breeding, in which costs are met purely from endogenous reserves, to income breeding, in which ...
Pattrick P P Department of Zoology, Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University, P.O. Box 77000, Port Elizabeth, 6031, South - - 2014
The influence of wind and wave exposure on larval fish assemblages within a large bay system was investigated. Larval fishes were sampled from two areas with vastly different exposure to waves and wind, namely the windward and leeward sectors of Algoa Bay. In total, 5702 larval fishes were collected using ...
Gupta Ruchi S RS Smith Child Health Research Program & Children's Community Physicians Association, Ann and Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago, Chicago, Ill; Center for Healthcare Studies, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Ill. Electronic address: - - 2014
Although allergists typically use allergen-specific IgE (sIgE) levels or skin prick test wheal sizes to identify food allergens that may provoke IgE-mediated food-induced allergic reactions, both tests have high rates of false positivity and mislabel patients who are tolerant as allergic to the food allergen. To examine the accuracy of ...
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