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Patelis Antonios A Department of Medical Sciences: Respiratory Medicine and Allergology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, - - 2014
No longitudinal studies exist on the natural history of food hypersensitivity and IgE sensitisation to food allergens in adults. To examine the natural history of food hypersensitivity, the natural history of IgE sensitisation to food allergens and to investigate the risk factors for new onset food hypersensitivity. Food hypersensitivity was ...
Vogiatzoglou Anna A Department of Food & Nutritional Sciences, University of Reading, Reading RG6 6AP, - - 2013
Dietary interventions with flavan-3-ols have shown beneficial effects on vascular function. The translation of these findings into the context of the health of the general public requires detailed information on habitual dietary intake. However, only limited data are currently available for European populations. Therefore, in the present study, we assessed ...
Oplatowska Michalina - - 2013
Pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs) are a group of plant secondary metabolites with carcinogenic and hepatotoxic properties. When PA-producing plants contaminate crops, toxins can be transferred through the food chain and cause illness in humans and animals, most notably hepatic veno-occlusive disease. Honey has been identified as a direct risk of human ...
Zhang Hong H Department of Aquatic Bioscience, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 1138657, - - 2014
Muscle protein tropomyosins of invertebrates are major allergens responsible for wide spread allergic reactions against invertebrates such as shellfish and insects. In order to develop a sandwich enzyme-linked immunoadsorbent assay (ELISA) for detection and quantification of the invertebrate pan-allergen tropomyosin, a specific monoclonal antibody (MAb), CE7B2, was produced. We have ...
Barros Frederico - - 2013
There is a growing interest to increase resistant starch (RS) in foods through natural modification of starch. Sorghum tannins (proanthocyanidins- PA) were recently reported to interact with starch, increasing RS. However, there is no information about how the molecular weight profile of PA affects RS formation. This study investigated how ...
Koo Yu Xuan - - 2013
The objectives of the present study were to assess the nutritional status, identify factors for malnutrition risk and evaluate barriers to adequate nutrition among recipients of the Public Assistance (PA) scheme for socio-economically disadvantaged Singaporeans. Using a cross-sectional study design, we assessed PA recipients' malnutrition risk using the DETERMINE Nutritional ...
Saunders Travis J - - 2013
The behavioural impact of an imposed bout of prolonged sitting is yet to be investigated in the paediatric population. The objective of the present study was to determine the acute effect of prolonged sitting on ad libitum food intake and spontaneous physical activity (PA) levels in healthy children and youth. ...
Almogren A - - 2013
Detection of specific IgE antibodies against food materials indicates allergic sensitization. Some very widely consumed foods materials such as garlic and onion have rarely been investigated for their allergenic potential. To assess the presence of garlic and onion specific IgE antibodies in patients investigated for food allergy. Radioallergosorbent test (RAST) ...
Ghavamzadeh Saeid - - 2013
The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of overweight and obesity (OAO) and associated risk factors in a representative sample of students aged 11-20 years in Urmia, Iran. In this population-based cross-sectional study, a multistage random cluster-sampling method was used, through which 2,498 students were selected. OAO ...
Becerra-Jiminez J - - 2013
Pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs) can show a hazardous potential for men and animals. They can act as cancerogenic, mutagenic, teratogenic and fetotoxic agents. One pathway of a human intoxication is its occurence as contaminants in food and feed. Here, the contamination of cereals already led to severe and fatal intoxication episodes. ...
Ohri-Vachaspati Punam - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Conflicting findings on associations between food and physical activity (PA) environments and children's weight status demand attention in order to inform effective interventions. We assess relationships between the food and PA environments in inner-city neighborhoods and children's weight status and address sources of conflicting results of prior research. METHODS: ...
Ostbye T - - 2013
Background:The effects of the home environment on child health behaviors related to obesity are unclear.Purpose:To examine the role of the home physical activity (PA) and food environment on corresponding outcomes in young children, and assess maternal education/work status as a moderator.Methods:Overweight or obese mothers reported on the home PA and ...
Ojwang Leonnard O - - 2013
Proanthocyanidin (PA) profile and content can have important nutritional and health implications on plant foods. Six diverse cowpea phenotypes (black, red, green, white, light-brown and golden-brown) were investigated for PA composition using normal-phase HPLC and reversed-phase UPLC-TQD-MS. Catechin and (epi)afzelechin were the major flavan-3-ol units. Unusual composition was observed in ...
Zeng Qiang - - 2013
The presence of food-specific IgG antibodies in human serum may be useful for diagnosis of adverse food reactions. However, the clinical utility of tesing for such antibodies remains very controversial. The aim of this study was to evaluate the serum levels and population distribution of food-specific IgGs and their association ...
Gómez-Casado C - - 2013
Nowadays, treatment of food allergy only considered the avoidance of the specific food. However, the possibility of cross-reactivity makes this practice not very effective. Immunotherapy may exhibit as a good alternative to food allergy treatment. The use of hypoallergenic molecules with reduced IgE binding capacity but with ability to stimulate ...
Boone-Heinonen Janne J Department of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, Oregon, United States of - - 2013
Recent obesity prevention initiatives focus on healthy neighborhood design, but most research examines neighborhood food retail and physical activity (PA) environments in isolation. We estimated joint, interactive, and cumulative impacts of neighborhood food retail and PA environment characteristics on body mass index (BMI) throughout early adulthood. We used cohort data ...
Arsenault Joanne E - - 2012
Documentation of micronutrient intake inadequacies among developing country populations is important for planning interventions to control micronutrient deficiencies. The objective of this study was to quantify micronutrient intakes by young children and their primary female caregivers in rural Bangladesh. We measured 24-h dietary intakes on 2 nonconsecutive days in a ...
Steele Lauren - - 2012
The mucosal immune system typically exists in a state of active tolerance to food antigens and commensal bacteria. Tolerance to food proteins is induced in part by dendritic cells residing in the intestinal mucosa and implemented by regulatory T cells. Food allergy occurs when immune tolerance is disrupted and a ...
Smpokos E A - - 2012
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of data in Greece on trends in food intake according to weight status and physical activity (PA), despite the high prevalence of obesity. The present study aimed to examine differences in these parameters among first-grade children from Crete, Greece, over a 15-year period. METHODS: Children ...
Gujral Naiyana - - 2012
A sensitive double antibody sandwich ELISA (DAS-ELISA) based on chicken anti-gliadin IgY and biotinylated monoclonal antibody (mAb) was developed for the quantification of gliadin in foods. The anti-gliadin IgY and mAb specifically detected gliadin in wheat, barley, and rye by indirect ELISA and Western-blot assay. Using anti-gliadin IgY as capture ...
Zhuang Yonghua - - 2012
Food allergy has become a major public health concern in westernized countries, and allergic reactions to peanuts are particularly common and severe. Allergens are defined as antigens that elicit an IgE response, and most allergenic materials (e.g., pollens, danders, and foods) contain multiple allergenic proteins. This has led to the ...
Bruen Christine M - - 2012
The incidence of obesity and obesity-associated diseases, such as type-2 diabetes, has reached epidemic proportions in recent years. It is predicted that by 2015 over 1.5 billion consumers will be overweight or obese. Several of the current drug-based treatments on the market for weight management and appetite control either lack ...
Yamaki K - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Because few curative treatments are available for food allergy, we investigated the therapeutic potential of rapamycin, a mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitor, on mouse food allergy. METHODS: The preventive and therapeutic effects of oral rapamycin on anaphylactic symptoms induced by oral ovalbumin (OVA) challenge in food allergy mice ...
Gribble Fiona M FM Cambridge Institute for Medical Research, WT/MRC Building, Hills Road, Cambridge CB2 0XY, UK. - - 2012
Hormones from the gastrointestinal (GI) tract are released following food ingestion and trigger a range of physiological responses including the coordination of appetite and glucose homoeostasis. The aim of this review is to discuss the pathways by which food ingestion triggers secretion of cholecystokinin (CCK), glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) and ...
Veenhof E Z - - 2012
Adverse food reactions (AFR) in dogs are reactions due to apparently harmless food antigens, with an unknown aetiology, i.e. immunopathogenesis. Despite the entry of food allergens via the intestinal tract, in the majority of dogs with AFR, clinical symptoms are only associated with the skin (CAFR). In the present review, ...
Pinton Philippe - - 2012
The intestinal epithelium is the first barrier against food contaminants and is highly sensitive to mycotoxins, especially deoxynivalenol (DON). Consumption of DON-contaminated food is associated with outbreaks of gastroenteritis. In cereals and their by-products, DON is present together with two acetylated derivatives, 3-ADON and 15-ADON. Here, we compared the intestinal ...
Rachid Rima - - 2012
Food allergy is a major public health concern in westernized countries, estimated to affect 5 % of children and 3-4 % of adults. Allergen-specific immunotherapy for food allergy is currently being actively evaluated, but is still experimental. The optimal protocol, in terms of the route of administration of the food, ...
Liu Zhi-Qiang - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: Haptens can bind to proteins to elicit antigenicity. Whether haptens play a role in the pathogenesis of food allergy remains to be investigated. This article aims to elucidate the role a hapten plays in food antigen-related T helper 2 (Th2) pattern inflammation in the intestine. METHODS:: The effect of ...
Savage Jessica H JH Division of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, - - 2012
Monoclonal antibodies directed at IgE demonstrate clinical efficacy in subjects with peanut allergy, but previous studies have not addressed the kinetics of the clinical response or the role of mast cells and basophils in the food-induced allergic response. We sought to determine the kinetics of the clinical response to omalizumab ...
Zoccatelli Gianni - - 2012
The aim of the work was to characterize the expression of various α-amylase inhibitors (αAIs), well known anti-nutritional compounds, for the development of healthier diploid wheat-based functional foods. The salt-soluble protein fractions from the seeds of 53 accessions among Triticum monococcum subsp. monococcum (T.m.), T. monococcum subsp. boeoticum (T.b.) and ...
Gaspar Frédéric Bustos - - 2012
Enterococcus faecalis is a nosocomial opportunistic pathogen, but is also found in fermented food products where it plays a fundamental role in the fermentation process. Previously, we have described the non-starter E. faecalis cheese isolate QA29b as harboring virulence genes and proven to be virulent in Galleria mellonella virulence model. ...
Kim Young S - - 2012
Cancer stem cells often have phenotypic and functional characteristics similar to normal stem cells including the properties of self-renewal and differentiation. Recent findings suggest that uncontrolled self-renewal may explain cancer relapses and may represent a critical target for cancer prevention. It is conceivable that the loss of regulatory molecules resulting ...
Soejima T - - 2012
Pasteurized milk is a complex food and contains numerous PCR inhibitors and can often contain high levels of dead Enterobacteriaceae cells, depending on the condition of food sanitation. Usually, propidium monoazide (PMA) or ethidium monoazide PCR techniques decrease the number of dead bacteria by up to 3.5 log to the ...
Thuy Trinh Thi - - 2012
Peristrophe bivalvis (L.) Merr. (Acanthaceae) is a wild growing and cultivated plant used for dyeing of foods by the ethnic minorities of Vietnam. The major component of the colour aqueous extract (CAE) of its leaves was identified as peristrophine by spectral analysis, especially the 2D NMR spectra (HSQC, HMBC and ...
Carsia Rocco V - - 2012
Changes in energy balance can lead to functional alterations at all levels of the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. However, relatively little is known about how energy balance affects functional properties of adrenocortical cells themselves. We investigated effects of restricted food intake on sensitivity to ACTH and rates of steroidogenesis in adrenocortical ...
Gowda Charitha - - 2012
To expand the understanding of potential pathways through which food insecurity is associated with adverse health outcomes, we investigated whether food insecurity is associated with nutritional levels, inflammatory response, and altered immune function. We performed a cross-sectional analysis of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (1999-2006) with 12,191 participants. ...
Torgomyan Heghine - - 2012
Low-intensity electromagnetic field (EMF) of extremely high frequencies is a widespread environmental factor. This field is used in telecommunication systems, therapeutic practices and food protection. Particularly, in medicine and food industries EMF is used for its bactericidal effects. The significant targets of cellular mechanisms for EMF effects at resonant frequencies ...
Volland Jean-Marie - - 2012
Strombus gigas and Strombus pugilis are threatened species and aquaculture represents a good alternative solution to the fishing. In this study, we highlighted the intracellular digestion process in the digestive gland of two Strombidae species, S. gigas and Strombuspugilis, by the cytochemical characterization of two lysosomal enzymes: acid phosphatase and ...
Calatayud Marta - - 2012
This study evaluates Hg and Se concentrations and bioaccessibility (element solubilised after simulated gastrointestinal digestion) in 17 raw seafood species consumed in Spain. The concentrations varied greatly (Hg, 3.8-1621 ng/g wet weight, ww; Se, 84-1817 ng/g ww). Only one sample of swordfish exceeded the Hg limit permitted in Spain (1 ...
Ramakrishnan Vrinda - - 2012
Food borne diseases have a major impact on public health whose epidemiology is rapidly changing. The whole cells of pathogens involved or their toxins/metabolites affect the human health apart from spoiling sensory properties of the food products finally affecting the food industry as well as consumer health. With pathogens developing ...
Rasooly Reuven - - 2012
The potential use of ricin as an agent of biological warfare highlights the need to develop fast and effective methods to detect biologically active ricin. The current "gold standard" for ricin detection is an in vivo mouse bioassay; however, this method is not practical to test on a large number ...
Robison Rachel G - - 2012
The onset of IgE-mediated food allergy is usually within minutes to 2 hours of food ingestion. Risk factors for fatal food-induced anaphylaxis include presence of asthma (which is a risk factor for anaphylaxis in general), failure to use epinephrine autoinjectors promptly, history of prior severe reactions, known food allergy, denial ...
Leonard Stephanie A - - 2012
Oral immunotherapy (OIT) is a promising treatment for food allergy. Studies are needed to elucidate mechanisms of clinical protection and to identify safer and potentially more efficacious methods for desensitizing patients to food allergens. We established a mouse model of OIT to determine how the dose or form of antigen ...
Wang Sunan - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The cardio-health-promoting activity of some foods may be due to their specific antioxidant content. The antioxidant activity of a mixture of plant extracts has been shown to differ from the activity of the individual extracts. As a result, the activity of the mixture can be described as synergistic, antagonistic ...
Vejux Anne - - 2012
Oxysterols, found in some commonly consumed foods, can induce a wide range of cytotoxic effects, which have been extensively studied. On the other hand, the side effects of phytosterols and oxyphytosterols, are less well known. Over the past few years, different types of food have been enriched with phytosterols based ...
Reimann Frank - - 2012
Food intake is detected by the chemical senses of taste and smell and subsequently by chemosensory cells in the gastrointestinal tract that link the composition of ingested foods to feedback circuits controlling gut motility/secretion, appetite, and peripheral nutrient disposal. G-protein-coupled receptors responsive to a range of nutrients and other food components have ...
Heidebach Thomas - - 2012
The addition of microencapsulated probiotic cells to food products is a relatively new functional food concept. Most of the published scientific research in this field is not older than ten years. However, the technological background reaches back to the 1980s, where lactic acid bacteria were microencapsulated within the concept of ...
Stengel Andreas - - 2012
Ingestion of food affects secretion of hormones from enteroendocrine cells located in the gastrointestinal mucosa. These hormones are involved in the regulation of various gastrointestinal functions including the control of food intake. One cell in the stomach, the X/A-like has received much attention over the past years due to the ...
Ruiter Bert - - 2012
In recent years, our understanding of the initiation of T(H)2-type immunity has increased significantly, yet the mechanism behind the induction of T(H)2 responses and allergic sensitization to food antigens largely remains an enigma. Dendritic cells (DCs) were first described almost 4 decades ago and have since been recognized as the ...
Rocha R A - - 2012
The main routes of fluoride (F) exposure are drinking water and certain foods; consequently, intestinal absorption is an important stage in the study of F exposure. In the present study, different cell models [Caco-2, HT29-MTX and various proportions of Caco-2/HT29-MTX)] were used to evaluate intestinal transport of F. The influence ...
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