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Lee Mak-Soon MS Department of Nutritional Science and Food Management, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, 120-750, Republic of - - 2014
Red ginseng is produced by steaming and drying fresh ginseng. Through this processing, chemical compounds are modified, and then biological activities are changed. In the food processing industry, high hydrostatic pressure (HHP) has become an alternative to heat processing to make maximum use of bioactive compounds in food materials. This ...
Kant A K AK Department of Family, Nutrition, and Exercise Sciences, Queens College of the City University of New York, Flushing, - - 2014
Background:Away from home (AFH) meals are known to be energy-dense and of poor diet quality. Both direct and indirect exposure (e.g., neighborhood restaurant density) to AFH meals have been implicated as contributors to higher body weight and adverse health outcomes.Objective:To examine the association of frequency of eating AFH and fast-food ...
Rho Myung Suk MS Department of Agricultural Biotechnology, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-921, Republic of - - 2014
Geometric analysis of the nutritional regulatory responses was performed on an omnivorous mealworm beetle, Tenebrio molitor L. (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) to test whether this beetle had the capacity to balance the intake of protein and carbohydrate. We also identified the pattern of ingestive trade-off employed when the insect was forced to ...
Groopman Emily E EE Department of Human Evolutionary Biology, Peabody Museum, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, 02138; Columbia College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY, - - 2014
Starch, protein, and lipid are three major sources of calories in the human diet. The unique and universal human practice of cooking has been demonstrated to increase the energy gained from foods rich in starch or protein. Yet no studies have tested whether cooking has equivalent effects on the energy ...
Wang Qi Q Guelph Food Research Center, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada,93 Stone Road - - 2014
The water-soluble, mixed-linkage β-glucan, a form of soluble dietary fibre, is considered the main biologically active component responsible for the capacity of many oat products to lower postprandial glycaemia and fasting plasma cholesterol in human subjects. The present review discusses the physical and chemical properties of oat β-glucan that are ...
Decker Eric A EA Department of Food Science,University of - - 2014
Oats are a uniquely nutritious food as they contain an excellent lipid profile and high amounts of soluble fibre. However, an oat kernel is largely non-digestible and thus must be utilised in milled form to reap its nutritional benefits. Milling is made up of numerous steps, the most important being ...
Clemens Roger R School of Pharmacy, International Center for Regulatory Science, University of Southern California,1540 Alcazar Street, CHP 140,Los - - 2014
A large body of clinical evidence suggests that the consumption of 3 g or more per d of β-glucan from oats or barley, as part of a diet low in saturated fat and cholesterol, may reduce the risk of CHD. The unique chemical and physical properties of oats and physiological responses ...
Raposo Maria Filomena de Jesus MF CBQF - Centro de Biotecnologia e Química Fina, Laboratório Associado, Escola Superior de Biotecnologia, Universidade Católica Portuguesa/Porto, Rua Dr. António Bernardino de Almeida, 4200-072 Porto, - - 2014
This review focuses on and discusses the primary phytochemicals present in microalgal biomass - carotenoids, phenolic compounds, antioxidant vitamins, sterols, and polyunsaturated fatty acids - and also on the exopolysaccharides, which are produced by some types of microalgae and may play a significant role in the prevention of cardiovascular diseases ...
Lizarazo Clara I CI Department of Agricultural Sciences, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 27, FIN-00014, Helsinki, - - 2014
Boreal cropping systems are heavily focused on the production of small-grain cereals, to improve their resilience to climate change and to achieve food and feed security, diversification is needed. We investigated the potential of faba bean, narrow-leafed lupin and lentil as protein crops in southern Finland, where faba bean is ...
Correa-Ascencio Marisol M Organic Geochemistry Unit, School of Chemistry, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 1TS, United - - 2014
Although in modern societies fermented beverages are associated with socializing, celebration, and ritual, in ancient times they were also important sources of essential nutrients and potable water. In Mesoamerica, pulque, an alcoholic beverage produced from the fermented sap of several species of maguey plants (Agavaceae; Fig. 1) is hypothesized to ...
Soltanizadeh Nafiseh N Department of Food Science and Technology, College of Agriculture, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan 84156-83111, Iran. Electronic address: - - 2014
Low meat beef burgers have found their niche in the food markets in developing countries because of their lower price. However, these burgers still lack an acceptable quality. This study investigates the effects of different concentrations of Aloe vera on the quality of this food product. For this purpose, beef ...
Farfán M M Department of Chemical and Bioprocess Engineering, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, PO Box 360, 6904411, - - 2015
Recent studies have shown that it should be possible to control lipid bioavailability through food structural approaches. Nevertheless, the gastrointestinal-tract physiological conditions must also be considered. To get a better understanding of this phenomenon, we evaluated the effect of emulsification, as well as the use of sodium caseinate or chitosan, ...
Parnell Winsome R WR Department of Human Nutrition,University of Otago,PO Box 56,Dunedin9054,New - - 2014
To determine the prevalence of household food insecurity in New Zealand (NZ), eight food security statements were included in the 1997 National Nutrition Survey of adults. Rasch model analysis was performed to determine whether each food security statement (addressing a food security attribute) was discrete and could be ranked on ...
Soula H A HA Université de Lyon, CARMEN INSERM U1060, INSA-Lyon, F-69621, Villeurbanne, France; EPI BEAGLE INRIA F-69621, Villeurbanne, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Adipose tissue and adipocytes play a central role in the pathogenesis of metabolic diseases related to obesity. Size of fat cells depends on the balance of synthesis and mobilization of lipids and can undergo important variations throughout the life of the organism. These variations usually occur when storing and releasing ...
Umetsu Dale T DT Genentech, 1 DNA Way, South San Francisco, CA 94080, - - 2014
Food allergy is a major public health problem without satisfactory treatment options. Of several new treatments being studied, oral immunotherapy (OIT) appears to be the most promising. Unfortunately, OIT is associated with an unacceptably high frequency of allergic reactions. However, recent studies suggest that OIT might be made safer and ...
Karadeniz Fatih F Marine Biotechnology Center for Pharmaceuticals and Foods, Silla University, Busan 617-736, - - 2014
For decades, Spergularia marina, a local food that is popular in South Korea, has been regarded as a nutritious source of amino acids, vitamins, and minerals. While several halophytes are reported to possess distinct bioactivities, S. marina has yet to be promoted as a natural source of bioactives. In this ...
Kawaguchi Takaaki T IBD Center, Tokyo Yamate Medical Center, Tokyo, Japan, - - 2014
In Crohn's disease (CD), the involvement of food antigens in immune responses remains unclear. The objective of this study was to detect immune responses against food antigens in CD patients and examine the mechanism in a mouse model of colitis. We enrolled 98 CD patients, 50 ulcerative colitis patients, and ...
Clegg Miriam E ME Functional Food Centre, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Oxford Brookes University, Gipsy Lane, Oxford OX3 0BP, - - 2014
Previous studies have shown the ability of high molecular weight barley β-glucan with increased viscosity to attenuate glycemic response, gastric emptying and in vitro starch digestion. The main objective of this study was to investigate the effect of molecular weight of barley β-glucan in a semisolid meal on energy intake ...
Zou Long L Department of Food Science and Technology, The University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, - - 2015
The abilities of annatto and palm tocotrienol-rich fractions (TRFs), as natural antioxidants, to inhibit lipid oxidation in menhaden fish oil and structured lipid-based infant formula emulsion, were evaluated and compared. The peroxide and anisidine values of the bulk oil and oil-in-water emulsion samples stored at 37°C were measured over a ...
Burton Oliver T OT Division of Immunology, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, Mass; Harvard Medical School, Boston, - - 2014
Food-induced anaphylaxis is triggered by specific IgE antibodies. Paradoxically, some subjects with significant IgE levels can ingest allergenic foods without incident. Similarly, subjects completing oral immunotherapy (OIT) tolerate food challenges despite persistent high-titer food-specific IgE. We sought to test whether IgG antibodies induced by food immunotherapy prevent food-induced anaphylaxis and ...
Asero R R Ambulatorio di Allergologia, Clinica San Carlo, Paderno Dugnano (MI), Italy. E-mail: - - 2014
Lipid transfer protein (LTP) is a widely cross-reacting allergen in plant foods. To assess whether IgE to vegetable foods show predictable trends in LTP allergic patients. Clinical allergy to plant foods other than peach was sought in 15 consecutive peach-allergic adults monosensitized to LTP. IgE specific for peach, apple, hazelnut, ...
Hosseini Esfahani Firozeh F Obesity Research Center, Nutrition and Endocrine Research Center, Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR - - 2014
The extent of weight change is varied for specific foods. This highlights the effect of dietary quality and food choices on weight control. The aim of this study was to examine the association between alterations in food group intake and weight change over a 3 years follow-up period. This longitudinal ...
Golzarand Mahdieh M Researcher, Nutrition and Endocrine Research Center AND Obesity Research Center, Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
High intakes of phytochemical-rich foods have beneficial effects on lipid profiles and cardiovascular disease (CVD). In this study, we assessed the association between the dietary phytochemical index (PI) and changes in lipid profile after 3-year follow-up among Iranian adults. This longitudinal study was conducted in 1983 subjects, aged 19-70 years, ...
Carlson Bryce A BA Department of Anthropology, Purdue University, 700 W State St, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The most significant hominin adaptations, including features used to distinguish and/or classify taxa, are critically tied to the dietary environment. Stable isotopic analyses of tooth enamel from hominin fossils have provided intriguing evidence for significant C4/CAM (crassulacean acid metabolism) resource consumption in a number of Plio-Pleistocene hominin taxa. Relating isotopic ...
Brnić Marica M Laboratory of Human Nutrition, Institute of Food, Nutrition, and Health, ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland; and - - 2014
Fortification of cereal staples with zinc is recommended to combat zinc deficiency. To optimize zinc absorption, strategies are needed to overcome the inhibitory effect of phytic acid (PA) and perhaps polyphenols. Five zinc absorption studies were conducted in young adults consuming maize or sorghum porridges fortified with 2 mg zinc ...
Baar Alexandra A Division of Immunopathology, Department of Pathophysiology and Allergy Research, Center of Pathophysiology, Infectiology & Immunology, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna General Hospital, Austria; Christian Doppler Laboratory for the Development of Allergen Chips, Medical University of Vienna, - - 2014
Wheat is one of the most common food allergen sources for children and adults. Aim of this study was to characterize new wheat allergens using an IgE discovery approach and to investigate their IgE epitopes. A cDNA expression library representing the wheat transcriptome was constructed in phage lambda gt11 and ...
Hardy Jonathan I JI Department of Clinical Science and Services and, Royal Veterinary College, Hawkshead Lane, North Mymms, Hatfield, Hertfordshire, AL9 7TA, - - 2014
Despite conflicting data on their utility and no reports on interlaboratory reproducibility, serum food-specific antibodies are commonly assayed in first-opinion canine practice. To determine both the variability of test results between two laboratories and the frequencies and magnitudes of food reactivity in dogs of different disease status. Sera were obtained ...
Muto Taichiro T Department of Immunology and Medical Zoology, Hyogo College of Medicine, Nishinomiya, Hyogo 663-8501, - - 2014
Cutaneous sensitization with a food antigen before its consumption elicits the development of food allergy. Here we report the site and stage dependent roles of basophils and pro-allergic cytokines, thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) and interleukin (IL)-33, in a mouse model of food allergy initially sensitized cutaneously with the food antigen. ...
Rahmawaty Setyaningrum S Metabolic Research Centre and School of Medicine, University of Wollongong, Wollongong New South Wales, Australia; School of Medicine, University of Wollongong, Wollongong New South Wales, - - 2014
In countries with traditionally low fish consumption such as Australia, foods enriched with ω-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (ω-3 LCPUFA) may play a role in meeting ω-3 LCPUFA intakes for optimal health. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of replacing bread, egg, milk, and yogurt with ...
Kamath Sandip D SD Molecular Immunology Group, School of Pharmacy and Molecular Science, James Cook University, Townsville, QLD, Australia; Centre for Biodiscovery and Molecular Development of Therapeutics, James Cook University, Townsville, QLD, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Tropomyosin is a cross-reactive allergenic protein present in ingested shellfish species. Exposure and sensitization to this protein via inhalation is particularly important in the crustacean processing industry where workers are continuously exposed to the aerosolized form of this allergen. The aim of this study was to develop an antibody-based immunoassay ...
Patelis Antonios A Department of Medical Sciences: Respiratory Medicine and Allergology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, - - 2014
No longitudinal studies exist on the natural history of food hypersensitivity and IgE sensitisation to food allergens in adults. To examine the natural history of food hypersensitivity, the natural history of IgE sensitisation to food allergens and to investigate the risk factors for new onset food hypersensitivity. Food hypersensitivity was ...
Marques Rosana de Moraes Borges Rde M Faculdade de Nutrição, Universidade Federal de Goiás, Rua 227, Quadra 68 s/n, Setor Leste Universitário, 74605-080 Goiânia, GO, - - 2014
Background. Food frequency questionnaires are used to assess dietary intake in epidemiological studies. Objective. The aim of the study was to assess the relative validity and reproducibility of a quantitative food frequency questionnaire (QFFQ) for adolescents with type 1 diabetes. Validity was evaluated by comparing the data generated by QFFQs ...
Ohlsson Lena L Department of Clinical Science, Section of Medicine, University of Lund, - - 2014
The composition and surface structure of dietary lipids influence their intestinal degradation. Intake of liposomes made of fractionated oat oil (LOO) is suggested to affect the digestion process and postprandial lipemia and also induce satiety. In the present study, the metabolic effects on plasma lipids and gut hormones related to ...
Lima da Silva Tatiane Andreza TA Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Natal. Brazil. Research Group Atividade Física e Saúde - AFISA. Brazil.. - - 2014
The lipodystrophy syndrome is characterized by redistribution of body fat and disorders of glicidic and lipid metabolism. Although its etiology is related to infection and drug therapy, there is little evidence regarding the nutritional disturbances on this association. This study aimed to assess the relationship between dietary intake and use ...
Vogiatzoglou Anna A Department of Food & Nutritional Sciences, University of Reading, Reading RG6 6AP, - - 2013
Dietary interventions with flavan-3-ols have shown beneficial effects on vascular function. The translation of these findings into the context of the health of the general public requires detailed information on habitual dietary intake. However, only limited data are currently available for European populations. Therefore, in the present study, we assessed ...
Oplatowska Michalina - - 2013
Pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs) are a group of plant secondary metabolites with carcinogenic and hepatotoxic properties. When PA-producing plants contaminate crops, toxins can be transferred through the food chain and cause illness in humans and animals, most notably hepatic veno-occlusive disease. Honey has been identified as a direct risk of human ...
Zhang Hong H Department of Aquatic Bioscience, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 1138657, - - 2014
Muscle protein tropomyosins of invertebrates are major allergens responsible for wide spread allergic reactions against invertebrates such as shellfish and insects. In order to develop a sandwich enzyme-linked immunoadsorbent assay (ELISA) for detection and quantification of the invertebrate pan-allergen tropomyosin, a specific monoclonal antibody (MAb), CE7B2, was produced. We have ...
Barros Frederico - - 2013
There is a growing interest to increase resistant starch (RS) in foods through natural modification of starch. Sorghum tannins (proanthocyanidins- PA) were recently reported to interact with starch, increasing RS. However, there is no information about how the molecular weight profile of PA affects RS formation. This study investigated how ...
Koo Yu Xuan - - 2013
The objectives of the present study were to assess the nutritional status, identify factors for malnutrition risk and evaluate barriers to adequate nutrition among recipients of the Public Assistance (PA) scheme for socio-economically disadvantaged Singaporeans. Using a cross-sectional study design, we assessed PA recipients' malnutrition risk using the DETERMINE Nutritional ...
Saunders Travis J - - 2013
The behavioural impact of an imposed bout of prolonged sitting is yet to be investigated in the paediatric population. The objective of the present study was to determine the acute effect of prolonged sitting on ad libitum food intake and spontaneous physical activity (PA) levels in healthy children and youth. ...
Almogren A - - 2013
Detection of specific IgE antibodies against food materials indicates allergic sensitization. Some very widely consumed foods materials such as garlic and onion have rarely been investigated for their allergenic potential. To assess the presence of garlic and onion specific IgE antibodies in patients investigated for food allergy. Radioallergosorbent test (RAST) ...
Ghavamzadeh Saeid - - 2013
The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of overweight and obesity (OAO) and associated risk factors in a representative sample of students aged 11-20 years in Urmia, Iran. In this population-based cross-sectional study, a multistage random cluster-sampling method was used, through which 2,498 students were selected. OAO ...
Becerra-Jiminez J - - 2013
Pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs) can show a hazardous potential for men and animals. They can act as cancerogenic, mutagenic, teratogenic and fetotoxic agents. One pathway of a human intoxication is its occurence as contaminants in food and feed. Here, the contamination of cereals already led to severe and fatal intoxication episodes. ...
Ohri-Vachaspati Punam - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Conflicting findings on associations between food and physical activity (PA) environments and children's weight status demand attention in order to inform effective interventions. We assess relationships between the food and PA environments in inner-city neighborhoods and children's weight status and address sources of conflicting results of prior research. METHODS: ...
Østbye T T 1] Department of Community and Family Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA [2] Program in Health Services and Systems Research, Duke-National University of Singapore Graduate Medical School, - - 2013
The effects of the home environment on child health behaviors related to obesity are unclear. To examine the role of the home physical activity (PA) and food environment on corresponding outcomes in young children, and assess maternal education/work status as a moderator. Overweight or obese mothers reported on the home ...
Ojwang Leonnard O - - 2013
Proanthocyanidin (PA) profile and content can have important nutritional and health implications on plant foods. Six diverse cowpea phenotypes (black, red, green, white, light-brown and golden-brown) were investigated for PA composition using normal-phase HPLC and reversed-phase UPLC-TQD-MS. Catechin and (epi)afzelechin were the major flavan-3-ol units. Unusual composition was observed in ...
Zeng Qiang - - 2013
The presence of food-specific IgG antibodies in human serum may be useful for diagnosis of adverse food reactions. However, the clinical utility of tesing for such antibodies remains very controversial. The aim of this study was to evaluate the serum levels and population distribution of food-specific IgGs and their association ...
Gómez-Casado C - - 2013
Nowadays, treatment of food allergy only considered the avoidance of the specific food. However, the possibility of cross-reactivity makes this practice not very effective. Immunotherapy may exhibit as a good alternative to food allergy treatment. The use of hypoallergenic molecules with reduced IgE binding capacity but with ability to stimulate ...
Boone-Heinonen Janne J Department of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, Oregon, United States of - - 2013
Recent obesity prevention initiatives focus on healthy neighborhood design, but most research examines neighborhood food retail and physical activity (PA) environments in isolation. We estimated joint, interactive, and cumulative impacts of neighborhood food retail and PA environment characteristics on body mass index (BMI) throughout early adulthood. We used cohort data ...
Tanagra Dimitra D Postgraduate Course of Health Promotion & Education, Medical School, University of Athens, Athens, - - 2013
To estimate the effectiveness of a short-term educational-counseling worksite program focused on lipid intake, by monitoring the possible change on nutrition knowledge and eating habits. an 8-week educational program based on the Health Belief Model was implemented in a honey packaging and sales company in Greece. 20 out of the ...
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