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Results 351 - 400 of 585
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Isobe Tomohiko - - 2004
An analytical method for the simultaneous determination of nonylphenoxy acetic acid (NP1EC), nonylphenol monoethoxy acetic acid (NP2EC), nonylphenol (NP), octylphenol (OP), and nonylphenol monoethoxylate (NP1EO) was developed. The method was applied to environmental samples to demonstrate the distribution and behavior of nonylphenol polyethoxylates and their degradation intermediates in aquatic environments ...
Bayless E Randall - - 2004
Slag is a ubiquitous byproduct of the iron-smelting industry and influences geochemistry and water quality in adjacent geologic units, ground and surface water. Despite extensive slag deposition along the Indiana shoreline of Lake Michigan, definitive evidence that slag has affected lakebed sediments has not been established. Concerns for the protection ...
Mantelatto Fernando L M - - 2004
The present work was conducted to determine the distribution of Loxopagurus loxochelis collected monthly, over a period of one year. in Ubatuba Bay (from September/95 to August/96). A total of 179 specimens were collected (138 males, 30 females and 11 ovigerous females). The greatest depth, predominance of very fine sand ...
Martin Paul - - 2004
This paper gives a review of available information on natural-series radionuclides in traditional Aboriginal foods of northern Australia. Research on this topic has been carried out primarily for radiological impact assessment purposes in relation to uranium mining activities in the region. Many of the studies have concentrated on providing purely ...
Menone Mirta L - - 2004
The effect of crab beds and bioturbation activity of the SW Atlantic intertidal crab Chasmagnathus granulata on the organochlorine pesticide (OCP) concentrations in Bahía Blanca estuary, Argentina were studied. Total OCP concentration was significantly lower inside than outside the crab burrows. Nevertheless, the concentrations from outside the crab beds were ...
Houpert P - - 2004
The aim of this work is to develop a new approach to partially decontaminate wounds after industrial uranium contamination, during the interval of time between contamination and transfer of the patient to the infirmary. A wound dressing and a paste mixed or not with uranium-chelating ligands, ethane-1-hydroxy-1,1-bisphosphonate (EHBP) and carballylic ...
Eriksson M - - 2004
Environmental samples (soil, sediment and lake water) in the Thule area (NW Greenland) have been studied to assess the contamination of radionuclides originating from a nuclear weapons accident (the Thule accident in 1968). Four lakes were chosen at different distances from the point of impact with the Thule air base ...
Popit Andreja - - 2004
Radium (226Ra) concentration in 115 Slovenian springs ranged from 7.8 to 43.1 Bq m(-3), well below the current Slovenian limit of 1000 Bq m(-3) for drinking water. It showed two distributions, one grouped at around 24 Bq m(-3) and the other at around 37 Bq m(-3). Contrary to expectation, the ...
Ishikawa Y - - 2004
Enrichment of natural radionuclides of thorium, radium and beryllium in several kinds of marine organisms was investigated near the Pacific coast of Miyagi Pref., Japan. The radioactivity of 7Be, 210Pb, 234Th, 238U, 228Ra and 137Cs was measured using gamma spectrometry. High concentrations of 234Th were observed in ascidian livers (50-400 ...
Riba I - - 2004
As a complementary assessment of the impact of the Aznalcóllar mining spill on the Guadalquivir estuary two different sediment toxicity tests using fish (Solea senegalensis) and clams (Scrobicularia plana) were performed. The histopathological alterations by recording lesions at 15 and 30 days in fish to the gills, liver, gut and ...
Rääf C L - - 2004
Three adult volunteers (2 males and 1 female) have ingested radioactive caesium in two edible forms in order to compare the gastrointestinal uptake and the subsequent short-term and long-term biokinetics. Foodstuffs made of fresh-water fish or mushrooms from regions in Sweden of high 137Cs deposition was ingested together with a ...
Giovani C - - 2004
Late in the summer of 1986, the Health Physics Departments of Pordenone, Udine and Trieste, entrusted with monitoring radioactivity in the environment and food as a consequence of the Chernobyl accident, started noticing high concentrations of radionuclides--especially radiocaesium--in mushroom samples coming from different areas of the Friuli Venezia Giulia region ...
Iyengar G V - - 2004
Daily dietary intakes of two naturally occurring long-lived radionuclides, 232Th and 238U, were estimated for the adult population living in a number of Asian countries, using highly sensitive analytical methods such as instrumental and radiochemical neutron activation analysis (INAA and RNAA), and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). The Asian ...
Hamels I - - 2004
The quantitative importance and composition of protozoan communities was investigated in sandy and silty intertidal sediments of a polyhaline and a freshwater site in the Schelde estuary. Total biomass of the protozoans studied, integrated over the upper 4 cm of the sediment, ranged from 41 to 597 mg C m(-2) ...
Wallbrink Peter J - - 2004
In this paper, the contributions from the three major erosion sources in the catchments of Moreton Bay are quantified, specifically for the <10 microm sediment size class. The erosion sources are classified as (i) sheet erosion from cultivated land, (ii) sheet erosion from uncultivated land, and (iii) subsoil erosion from ...
de Haas Elske M - - 2004
Effects observed in whole-sediment bioassays must be seen as the joint effect of all sediment characteristics. In whole-sediment bioassays, however, adverse effects on test organisms are usually attributed to the presence of contaminants and effects of food are often ignored. The aim of this study was to analyze the response ...
Lu Xiaoxia - - 2004
Benzo[a]pyrene (BaP)-amended sediment was desorbed by a sequential batch method using an isopropanol solution wash. The observed isotherm showed no evidence of desorption resistance, as indicated by increased partitioning to the solid phase at low concentrations. This was consistent with the prediction of minimal desorption resistance for highly hydrophobic compounds ...
Wu Qinglan - - 2003
Sorption and desorption characteristics of propiconazole (1-[[2-(2,4-dichlorophenyl)-4-propyl-1,3-dioxolan-2-yl]methyl]-1H-1,2,4-triazole) to different particle/aggregate-size fractions of agricultural runoff material were investigated. Emphasis was put on clay and colloidal size fractions to evaluate their role as potential sorbents and carriers for this pesticide. The runoff material was separated into size fractions ranging from 2 mm ...
McCarthy J F - - 2003
The accumulation of 14C-benzo(a)pyrene (BaP) sorbed to sediment was examined in fathead minnows (Pimephales promelas) to compare uptake from sediment with a high organic carbon (OC) content (7.7%), to that with a low OC content (2%). Ingestion of sediments was quantified by co-labeling the sediment with 141Cerium, which was not ...
Cobelo-García Antonio - - 2003
Copper concentrations were measured in the sediments and dissolved phase of the water column in the Lérez Estuary (Pontevedra Ria, Galicia), NW Spain, and in the freshwater-sewage inputs to the estuary. Dissolved copper fluxes in the estuary were quantified. Results show that the freshwater end-member in the Lérez Estuary has ...
Bejarano Adriana C - - 2003
Under estuarine conditions, hydrophobic pesticides undergo physical/chemical partitioning into dissolved and particulate fractions of sediments. Our experimental study using 14C-chlorpyrifos (14C-CHPY) showed that sorptive associations of this common insecticide with particulate (>0.2 microm) and dissolved fractions (<0.2 microm) of sediments strongly influenced uptake, tissue absorption, and elimination in the estuarine ...
Rauch Sebastien - - 2003
Emission from automobile catalysts has resulted in elevated platinum concentration in the urban and roadside environment. The work presented here investigates the chronological record of platinum in sediments from the Upper Mystic Lake near Boston, MA, and aims at providing a better understanding of the environmental platinum cycle. Sediment cores ...
Galletti M - - 2003
An estimate was made of daily uranium intake in Italy through human diet and drinking water. The uranium concentration was determined in food, drinking water, and other beverages. Uranium concentration was also determined in a "total diet" sampled in 1999. The total daily dietary intake was estimated to be in ...
Schiff Kenneth - - 2003
Although large loads of potentially toxic constituents are discharged from coastal urban watersheds, very little is known about the fates and eventual impacts of these stormwater inputs once they enter the ocean. The goal of this study was to examine the effects of stormwater discharges on the benthic marine environment ...
Akerblom Nina - - 2003
During long-term standardized toxicity tests with Chironomus riparius, food additions are a prerequisite for normal development and to avoid false-positive results. Consequently, larvae may selectively feed on added food rather than on contaminated sediment, which may confound toxicity test results. We designed a feeding study and estimated the degree of ...
Hirst C N - - 2003
Bacteria and algae release exopolymeric substances (EPS) that perform a wide range of important functions in aquatic and terrestrial systems. In this study we measured EPS in sediments at nine littoral sites around a shallow oligotrophic basin, and tested whether the concentration and composition of EPS was related to sediment ...
Gross-Sorokin Melanie Y - - 2003
The major exposure and uptake route for soluble toxins by aquatic organisms is generally considered to be through the water column. In the case of hydrophobic chemicals, exposure and uptake through diet often take on greater importance as the chemicals adsorb onto organic sediments and food. A chemical that has ...
Sabik H - - 2003
A study was conducted in 1999 to determine the occurrence of alkylphenol polyethoxylates in the St. Lawrence River and their bioconcentration by mussels (Elliptio complanata). Concentrations of selected contaminants were measured in surface water, municipal effluent, sediments and mussels. Analyses were performed on 4-tert-octylphenol (4-t-OP), 4-n-nonylphenol (4-n-NP), nonylphenol polyethoxylates (NP(1-16)EO), ...
Savinov Vladimir M - - 2003
Surface sediment samples from the Guba Penchenga and adjacent areas: Varangerfjord, Guba Malaya Volokovaya and Guba Bol'shaya Volokovaya (south-western Barents Sea) collected in March-April 1997 were analysed for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), chlorinated pesticides: p,p'-DDT, p,p'-DDE, p,p'-DDD, alpha- and gamma-HCH, and hexachlorobenzene (HCB). Mean summation operator PAH ...
Bowman J C - - 2003
Variations in Irgarol 1051 concentrations in the UK's largest marina at Brighton were determined regularly over a period of one year. Aqueous concentrations ranged from <1 to 960 ngl(-1) with highest mean concentrations generally associated with berths for larger vessels and with the main channels. Temporally, highest concentrations were recorded ...
Badran H M - - 2003
The concentrations of (137)Cs and (40)K in some Egyptian foodstuffs have been measured. The results of this study can be considered as a first step towards calculating the baseline levels of radioactivity in foodstuffs in Egypt. Furthermore, the data presented herein can be used as a reference level for future ...
Youngman M J - - 2003
In a nuclear weapon accident involving fire or conventional explosion, most of the radiation dose received by people in the immediate vicinity would result from inhalation of 239Pu. This is accompanied by the nuclide 241Am, which is much easier to determine by external counting because of the 60 keV gamma ...
Harter Sarah K - - 2003
This study investigated different sedimentation measurement techniques and examined patterns of short-term sedimentation in two 1-ha replicate created freshwater marshes in central Ohio, USA. Short-term (one-year) sediment accumulation above feldspar, clay, glitter, and sand artificial marker horizons was compared at different water depths and distances from wetland inflow. A sediment ...
Lundgren Kjell - - 2003
The concentrations and fluxes of polychlorinated naphthalenes (PCNs) were measured in surface sediments, and settling particulate matter collected in sediment traps, at two coastal and two offshore sampling stations in the Gulf of Bothnia, northern Baltic Sea, Sweden. The PCN concentrations (of tetra- to hepta-chloro congeners) in the surface sediments ...
Jha S K - - 2003
Global fallout 137Cs was used for dating sediment cores and estimation of recent sedimentation rates (up to 1 cm/y) in the Thane Creek, which lies in the southern part of the Deccan belt of India. The residence time of 210Pb in the Thane Creek water was calculated to be 0.7 ...
Baskaran M - - 2003
Marine mammals being among the top predators in the food web tend to accumulate organic and inorganic contaminants from the environment. The body burden of contaminants in these species could reflect their foods and thus contaminant levels could serve as proxies on the changes of ecosystem. A pilot study was ...
McLaughlin J P - - 2003
Following the detection of 236U in depleted uranium (DU) ammunition used during the Balkans conflict in the 1990s, concern has been expressed about the possibility that other nuclides from the nuclear fuel cycle and, in particular, transuranium nuclides, might be present in this type of ammunition. In this paper, we ...
Raghava Rao T - - 2003
Sensitization to ingested foods is a known fact and several food allergens have been characterized. It has been observed in our survey that the people complained of allergic symptoms after consumption of the vegetableVigna sinensis. In this study, the experiments were carried to investigate the IgE antibody response against the ...
Yuan S Y - - 2002
Concentrations and microbial degradation rates were measured for eight phthalate esters (PAEs) found in 14 surface water and six sediment samples taken from rivers in Taiwan. The tested PAEs were diethyl phthalate (DEP), dipropyl phthalate (DPP), di-n-butyl phthalate (DBP), diphenyl phthalate (DPhP), benzylbutyl phthalate (BBP), dihexyl phthalate (DHP), dicyclohexyl phthalate ...
Lundgren Kiell - - 2002
The scientific literature contains little information regarding bioaccumulation and biomagnification of polychlorinated naphthalenes (PCNs) in food webs. Here we present new information on the food chain transfer of PCNs within a food chain in a subarctic environment PCNs (tetra- to hepta-chloro congeners) were measured in surface sediments and in a ...
Kitheka Johnson U - - 2002
This study focuses on sediment exchange dynamics in Mwache Creek, a shallow tidal mangrove wetland in Kenya. The surface area of the creek is 17 km2 at high water spring. The creek experiences semidiurnal tides with tidal ranges of 3.2 m and 1.4 m during spring and neap tides, respectively. ...
Anderson Kristen L - - 2002
The fate of atrazine in agricultural soils has been studied extensively but attenuation in wetland systems has received relatively little attention. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the mineralization of atrazine in two wetlands in central Ohio. One was a constructed wetland, which is fed by Olentangy River ...
de Haas Elske M - - 2002
Benthic communities in floodplain lake ecosystems are often exposed to varying levels of both food and toxicants. Inhibition through toxicants of sensitive species and stimulation through increased amounts of food of opportunistic species have been observed in separate studies. The aim of this study was therefore to assess the responses ...
Simpson Michael G - - 2002
The Mersey estuary is the most contaminated estuary in British waters. Detailed studies are underway on the pathology of flounder (Platichthys flesus) from the Mersey and on flounder from the nearby, but less contaminated, Dee estuary. Flounder breed offshore but spend a lot of time in the estuaries, penetrating into ...
Wolfe Alexander P - - 2002
Humic substances were extracted from the sediments of two small alpine lakes in the Colorado Front Range and characterized by three-dimensional fluorescence spectroscopy. The fluorescence index (FI), defined as the ratio of fluorescence emitted at 450 nm to that emitted at 500 nm from an excitation wavelength of 370 nm, ...
Coelho M R - - 2002
Marine bivalves are exposed to contaminants via the aqueous phase, sediments and food. Nevertheless, the relative importance of these phases as uptake vectors of contaminants in these marine organisms has not been well studied. Phytoplankton concentrate contaminants from seawater and given their position at the base of most marine food ...
Limson Zamora M - - 2002
The gastrointestinal absorption factor (f1) for uranium in humans has been determined from a study of 50 volunteers, ingesting uranium at natural levels in drinking water and food. The purpose of the study was to find an appropriate f1 value for humans to use in deriving exposure guidelines for uranium. ...
Gunderson Mark P - - 2002
We examined variation in plasma thyroxine (T4) in juvenile American alligators (Alligator mississippiensis) collected from three sites within the Kissimmee River drainage basin (FL, USA). Based on historical sediment data, Moonshine Bay served as the low contaminant exposure site, Water Conservation Area 3A served as an intermediate contaminant exposure site, ...
Hellou J - - 2002
Surficial sediments and blue mussels were collected around the perimeter of Halifax Harbour. Samples were analysed for the levels and fingerprint of polycyclic aromatic compounds (PACs). The objective was to explore the relationship between contaminant profiles in sediments and in mussels and to explore the possibility of deducing their sources, ...
Blanchard Arny L - - 2002
Benthic faunal structure and hydrocarbon concentrations in sediments were examined annually for 10 years (1989-1998) in Port Valdez, Alaska, where a near-bottom permitted discharge of treated tanker ballast waters containing residual petroleum has occurred since 1977. Measured concentrations of hydrocarbons in sediments near the discharge showed detectable increases in concentration, ...
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