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Garcia-Orellana J - - 2009
Artificial radionuclides enter the Mediterranean Sea mainly through atmospheric deposition following nuclear weapons tests and the Chernobyl accident, but also through the river discharge of nuclear facility effluents. Previous studies of artificial radionuclides impact of the Mediterranean Sea have focussed on shallow, coastal sediments. However, deep sea sediments have the ...
Yang Z Z - - 2009
Mudsnails and sediments from an electronic waste recycling region in South China were chosen to study the polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) bioavailability of mudsnail in different ambient levels. Significant (p < 0.05) correlations of biota-sediment accumulation factor (BSAF) versus the reciprocal of PBDE concentration in sediment (1/Sed) occurred in all ...
Ruhl Henry A - - 2008
Diverse faunal groups inhabit deep-sea sediments over much of Earth's surface, but our understanding of how interannual-scale climate variation alters sediment community components and biogeochemical processes remains limited. The vast majority of deep-sea communities depend on a particulate organic carbon food supply that sinks from photosynthetically active surface waters. Variations ...
Rabitsch Herbert - - 2008
The accumulation of natural and artificial radionuclides in humans and domestic animals is of interest in estimating effective doses of exposed humans and to decide whether animal products can be used for nutrition of the population. In this paper we present an investigation of the (137)Cs- and (40)K-activity levels of ...
Gribben Paul E - - 2009
Despite well-documented negative impacts of invasive species on native biota, evidence for the facilitation of native organisms, particularly by habitat-forming invasive species, is increasing. However, most of these studies are conducted at the population or community level, and we know little about the individual fitness consequences of recruitment to habitat-forming ...
Kaeriyama Hideki - - 2008
To study the role of zooplankton in the transport of (137)Cs in the ocean, zooplankton samples were collected in October 2005 and June 2006 in the western North Pacific Ocean. The peak zooplankton biomass was observed in the surface layer, and gelatinous plankton was more abundant in October 2005 than ...
Ylipieti J - - 2008
The situation resulting from the Chernobyl fallout in 1987 was compared to that in 2000--2001 in Finland and NW Russia and that in 2003 in the Baltic countries. 786 humus (0-3 cm layer) samples were collected during 2000--2001 in the Barents Ecogeochemistry Project, and 177 samples in the Baltic countries ...
Hamilton Terry F - - 2008
We have determined the level and distribution of gamma-emitting radionuclides, plutonium activity concentrations, and 240Pu/239Pu atom ratios in tissue samples of giant clam (Tridacna gigas and Hippopus hippopus), a top snail (Trochus nilaticas) and sea cucumber (Holothuria atra) collected from different locations around Enewetak Atoll. The plutonium isotopic measurements were ...
Dheetcha Arun - - 2008
The uranium sequestering potential of Spirulina platensis was studied in batch mode, and its equilibrium was established in approximately 60 minutes. It had maximum sorption at pH 4.0 to 4.5. Equilibrium data is well represented by the Langmuir isotherm model followed by the Freundlich and Redlich-Peterson models. The interference of ...
Bogdal Christian - - 2008
Chronology of brominated fame retardants (BFRs), a class of currentlywidely used chemicals, was compared to the respective historical profiles of legacy organochlorine compounds in three dated sediment cores from a prealpine lake (Lake Thun, Switzerland). Concentrations of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and hexabromocyclododecanes (HBCDs) started to increase in the 1980s-1990s. ...
Jibiri N N - - 2008
Samples of some domestic and imported food products of nutritive importance to both the child population and the adult population in Nigeria were collected and analysed in order to determine their radionuclide contents. The samples were collected from open markets in major commercial cities in the country. Gamma-ray spectrometry was ...
Harper Heather E - - 2008
This study investigated the lethal and sublethal effects of the pyrethroid insecticide bifenthrin on adult and larval grass shrimp, Palaemonetes pugio, and adult sheepshead minnows, Cyprinodon variegatus. The effects were determined by conducting 96-h aqueous static renewal tests and 24-h static tests with sediment. Oxidative stress biomarkers, lipid peroxidation, glutathione, ...
Taski-Ajdukovic K - - 2009
The addition of soybean proteins to processed meat products has significantly increased in recent years due to the interesting functional and nutritional properties of these vegetable proteins. Since the Roundup Ready (RR) soybean is the only transgenic soybean line approved for market in EU this work was aimed at monitoring ...
Dubois Vincent - - 2009
The management of marine sediments after dredging has become increasingly complex. In the context of sustainable development, traditional solutions such as immersion will be increasingly regulated. More than ever, with the shortage of aggregates from quarries, dredged material could constitute a new source of materials. In this study of the ...
Caja M A - - 2008
Although turbidite deposits are classically considered to be good reservoir rocks for oil and gas, there are no reports concerning their source rock potential in the literature. The sediments from the Vallfogona Formation in the South-Eastern Pyrenees present numerous organic matter-rich levels interbedded in sandstones and coarse turbidite deposits. Two ...
Stone Micheal - - 2008
Erosion experiments were conducted in an annular flume to determine the effect of bed age and shear stress on the particle morphology (fractal dimensions D, D(1), and D(k)) of eroded cohesive river sediment. Sediment beds were deposited under low shear and left to consolidate for one, two and seven days. ...
Butler Richard J - - 2008
Previous attempts to determine palaeoenvironmental preferences in dinosaurs have generally been qualitative assessments based upon data from restricted geographical areas. Here, we use a global database of Cretaceous herbivorous dinosaurs to identify significant associations between clades and broad palaeoenvironmental categories ('terrestrial', 'coastal', 'marine'). Nodosaurid ankylosaurs and hadrosaurids show significant positive ...
Praveena S M - - 2008
Spatial variations in estuarine intertidal sediment have been often related to such environmental variables as salinity, sediment types, heavy metals and base cations. However, there have been few attempts to investigate the difference condition between high and low tides relationships and to predict their likely responses in an estuarine environment. ...
Rantavaara A - - 2008
(90)Sr and (137)Cs in domestic foodstuffs and water have been analysed in Finland since the early 1960s, and (134)Cs since 1986. Using data on radionuclide deposition levels, agricultural production, and the processing and consumption of foodstuffs, the average intake and radiation dose from the ingestion of these radionuclides have been ...
Choi Min-Seok - - 2008
The concentrations of naturally occurring radioisotopes ((232)Th, (228)Th, (230)Th, (228)Ra, (226)Ra, and (40)K) in typical Korean foods were evaluated. The daily intakes of these radioisotopes were calculated by comparing concentrations in typical Korean foods and the daily consumption rates of these foods. Daily intakes were as follows: (232)Th, 0.00-0.23; (228)Th, ...
Prichard H M - - 2008
The Coisley Hill roundabout, a typical urban source for PGE in stream sediments, has anomalously high values of up to 408 ppb Pt, 444 ppb Pd and 113 ppb Rh in road dust, up to 416 ppb Pt and 278 ppb Pd in gulley sediment and up to 606 ppb ...
Van Geen A - - 2008
Whereas serious health consequences of widespread consumption of groundwater elevated in As have been documented in several South Asian countries, the mechanisms responsible for As mobilization in reducing aquifers remain poorly understood. We document here a previously unrecognized and consistent relationship between dissolved As concentrations in reducing groundwater and the ...
Lin Chitsan - - 2009
Sediment samples were analyzed for di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP), an organic endocrine disruptor, in Houjing River in southern Taiwan. The average DEHP concentration at 10 sampling locations, spanning from upper, middle, and lower segments of the stream, was calculated at 3.81+/-6.36mgkg(-1)drywt. Highest concentration was recorded at the Jhongsing Bridge (20.22mgkg(-1)drywt.) near ...
Spadaro D A - - 2008
The amphipod Melita plumulosa is commonly used to assess the toxicity of contaminated sediments. Seven-day-old M. plumulosa are <1 mm in size, and during 10-day tests in sandy sediments with low nutritional value, starvation can cause >50% mortality. In sediment toxicity tests, therefore, it can be difficult to determine if ...
Misdaq M A - - 2008
U, Th, Rn, and Rn concentrations were measured in thirteen bottled mineral water samples from Morocco, France, and Italy widely consumed by the European population living in the city of Marrakech (Morocco) by using CR-39 and LR-115 type II solid state nuclear track detectors (SSNTDs). K contents were also evaluated ...
Franić Zdenko - - 2009
The long-term behaviour of (137)Cs activity concentrations in air and fallout has been studied in the city of Zagreb for the post-Chernobyl period (1986-2006) as a part of an extended monitoring program of radioactive contamination of human environment in Croatia. Annual mean (137)Cs activity concentrations in air and annual total ...
Franić Zdenko - - 2008
Long-term investigations of radiocaesium activity concentrations in beef in the Republic of Croatia are presented. The radiocaesium levels in beef decreased exponentially and the effective ecological half-life of 137Cs was estimated to be 0.57+/-0.06 years for 1986-1990 period and 5.21+/-0.27 years for the 1991-2005 period. For 1986-1990 period, the effective ...
Assunta Meli Maria - - 2008
The aim of this study was to determine background levels of natural radionuclides such as uranium isotopes, (210)Pb, (210)Po, and (40)K in mussels Mytilus galloprovincialis, collected in the central Adriatic Sea along the Marche region as a mechanism to establish a biomonitoring model for human radiation exposure resulting from ingestion ...
Hadad Kamal - - 2008
Hundred and sixteen water resources including springs, wells, rivers and lakes in Ardabil province, northwest of Iran, were sampled and analyzed. The analysis included chemical analyses, (222)Rn and (226)Ra levels as well as total Uranium contents. (222)Rn levels were determined only for hot springs. The concentrations of Radium and Uranium ...
Liu Ruiping - - 2008
The explosion at a plant of the Jilin Petrochemical Corporation on 13 November, 2005, and the spill of an estimated 100 t of toxic substances (nitrobenzene as the main component) into the Songhua River received worldwide attention. This study has focused on the adsorption behavior of nitrobenzene that spilled onto ...
Tiegs Scott D - - 2008
Although species commonly modify habitats and thereby influence ecosystem structure and function, the factors governing the ecological importance of these modifications are not well understood. Pacific salmon have repeatedly been shown to positively influence the abundance of benthic biota by annually transferring large quantities of nutrients from marine systems to ...
Nasreddine L - - 2008
Since the primary factor contributing to the internal effective dose in the human organism is contaminated food, the control of radionuclides in food represents the most important means of protection. This study was conducted to determine the levels of the dietary exposure of the Lebanese population to gamma-emitting radioisotopes. The ...
Prado G R - - 2008
The Southwest region of the Bahia state in Brazil hosts the largest uranium reserve of the country (100 kton in uranium, only), plus the cities of Caetité, Lagoa Real and Igaporã. In this work, aim was at the investigation of uranium burdens on residents of these cities by using teeth ...
Yodnarasri Supaporn - - 2008
The sediment parameters and nematode assemblages in the intertidal zone of the Hichirippu shallow lagoon, Hokkaido, Japan, were investigated. The objectives of this study were to observe the seasonal variation in the nematodes in the sediment, and to investigate the relationships between the nematodes and environmental factors. Samples were collected ...
Fenoglio Stefano - - 2008
The Euthyplociidae are a tropical and subtropical Ephemeropteran group. The aim of this study was to augment knowledge on some aspects of the biology and ecology of Euthyplocia hecuba (Hagen, 1861) nymphs. Mayflies were collected in the Rio El Padre, located on the Caribbean slope of Honduras. Diet, microhabitat preference ...
Thorsson Maria H - - 2008
Settling organic matter (OM) is the major food source for heterotrophic benthic fauna. The high sorption affinity of many contaminants for OM implies that OM can influence both the distribution and bioavailability of contaminants. Here, we experimentally examine the role of settling OM of various nutritional qualities on the bioaccumulation ...
Ramírez-Alvarez Nancy - - 2007
We measured stable isotope ratios (delta(13)C and delta(15)N) of particulate organic matter (POM) sources and benthic organic matter compartments as well as sediment C to N ratios from the coastal area of the southern end of the Southern California Bight (SCB). We used the isotopic values to evaluate the relative ...
Dyson Kirstie E - - 2007
Despite the complexity of natural systems, heterogeneity caused by the fragmentation of habitats has seldom been considered when investigating ecosystem processes. Empirical approaches that have included the influence of heterogeneity tend to be biased towards terrestrial habitats; yet marine systems offer opportunities by virtue of their relative ease of manipulation, ...
Wyatt Shane A - - 2008
In May 2004, two groundwater wells in Dinwiddie County, Virginia were found to have natural uranium levels either at or above the EPA recommended limit of 30 microg/l. As a result, a stop drinking water advisory was issued until a water treatment system could be installed to remove the uranium. ...
de la Ossa Carretero J A - - 2008
Sewage discharge is a common source of pollution in coastal marine waters. Several municipal treatment plants dump treated water in medium to fine sand Spisula subtruncata communities. This bivalve is generally considered a major food source for demersal fishes, and it is important as a dominant species in structuring the ...
Dousová Barbora - - 2007
Arsenic (As) occurs in atmospheric deposition both in soluble and insoluble forms, mainly bound to fine aerosol particles (less than 2.5 microm). Interception deposition (i.e. fog, dew and ice accretion) represents a specific type of atmospheric deposition, which has been much more contaminated with As than bulk deposition. This study ...
Zhao Yu - - 2007
The critical load concept has become widely accepted as an important theoretical basis for establishing effective acid deposition control strategies. In the critical load calculations, the influence of variation in base cation (BC) deposition, which plays an important role in mitigating acidification, was seldom considered. In this manner, high uncertainty ...
Turhan Seref - - 2007
Eleven different wild-growing edible mushroom species collected from various regions of Turkey were analysed for their content of 137Cs, 40K, 226Ra and 232Th using a high-resolution gamma-ray spectrometry. Specific activities of 226Ra and 232Th were generally below detection limits. The specific activities of 137Cs and 40K ranged from 2.4+/-0.3 to ...
Sousa Ana - - 2007
Organotin (OT) compounds have been used as biocide agents in antifouling paints since the mid 1960s and are now ubiquitous in the marine environment. Due to their high toxicity to non-target species they were banned from antifouling paints in the European Union in 2003 (2002/62/EC directive). The aim of the ...
Banas D - - 2008
Expansion of aquaculture has increased concern over its environmental impact. The composition of effluents from intensive aquaculture is well documented, but few data on extensive aquaculture are available. During 12 draining operations, 523 water samples were collected downstream from six extensively-managed fishponds in northeastern France. Study ponds had surface areas ...
Jackson Matthew G - - 2007
Substantial quantities of terrigenous sediments are known to enter the mantle at subduction zones, but little is known about their fate in the mantle. Subducted sediment may be entrained in buoyantly upwelling plumes and returned to the Earth's surface at hotspots, but the proportion of recycled sediment in the mantle ...
Fathivand A A - - 2007
Measures to protect the public following an accidental release of radionuclides to the environment will depend on the circumstances including the extent of the potential hazards. The projected level of risk is an important precondition in emergency planning. The levels can be expressed in terms of concentration levels in the ...
Fernandes Milena - - 2007
Farming of wild tuna in coastal areas is a relatively new aquaculture industry and little is known about the magnitude of nutrient discharges to the environment. In this work we present a preliminary model of nitrogen loads from southern bluefin tuna (Thunnus maccoyii) aquaculture in lower Spencer Gulf, South Australia. ...
Colosio F - - 2007
Beach nourishment (i.e. the addition of sediments transported from other source locations) is increasingly used to counteract erosion of coastal areas. We tested whether sediment descriptors (grain size structure and organic content) and macrobenthic assemblages (species composition and abundance) differed among replicated shores previously exposed to nourishment alone (N), nourishment ...
Ainslie Michael A - - 2007
Multipath ocean reverberation originating from the seabed in shallow isovelocity water, with particular attention to its information content in the cylindrical spreading and mode stripping regions, is considered. The reverberation is evaluated using Weston's flux integral method, both analytically with various simplifying approximations and numerically with all but one of ...
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