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Arsenault Joanne E - - 2012
Documentation of micronutrient intake inadequacies among developing country populations is important for planning interventions to control micronutrient deficiencies. The objective of this study was to quantify micronutrient intakes by young children and their primary female caregivers in rural Bangladesh. We measured 24-h dietary intakes on 2 nonconsecutive days in a ...
Steele Lauren - - 2012
The mucosal immune system typically exists in a state of active tolerance to food antigens and commensal bacteria. Tolerance to food proteins is induced in part by dendritic cells residing in the intestinal mucosa and implemented by regulatory T cells. Food allergy occurs when immune tolerance is disrupted and a ...
Smpokos E A - - 2012
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of data in Greece on trends in food intake according to weight status and physical activity (PA), despite the high prevalence of obesity. The present study aimed to examine differences in these parameters among first-grade children from Crete, Greece, over a 15-year period. METHODS: Children ...
Gujral Naiyana - - 2012
A sensitive double antibody sandwich ELISA (DAS-ELISA) based on chicken anti-gliadin IgY and biotinylated monoclonal antibody (mAb) was developed for the quantification of gliadin in foods. The anti-gliadin IgY and mAb specifically detected gliadin in wheat, barley, and rye by indirect ELISA and Western-blot assay. Using anti-gliadin IgY as capture ...
Zhuang Yonghua - - 2012
Food allergy has become a major public health concern in westernized countries, and allergic reactions to peanuts are particularly common and severe. Allergens are defined as antigens that elicit an IgE response, and most allergenic materials (e.g., pollens, danders, and foods) contain multiple allergenic proteins. This has led to the ...
Bruen Christine M - - 2012
The incidence of obesity and obesity-associated diseases, such as type-2 diabetes, has reached epidemic proportions in recent years. It is predicted that by 2015 over 1.5 billion consumers will be overweight or obese. Several of the current drug-based treatments on the market for weight management and appetite control either lack ...
Yamaki K - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Because few curative treatments are available for food allergy, we investigated the therapeutic potential of rapamycin, a mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitor, on mouse food allergy. METHODS: The preventive and therapeutic effects of oral rapamycin on anaphylactic symptoms induced by oral ovalbumin (OVA) challenge in food allergy mice ...
Gribble Fiona M FM Cambridge Institute for Medical Research, WT/MRC Building, Hills Road, Cambridge CB2 0XY, UK. - - 2012
Hormones from the gastrointestinal (GI) tract are released following food ingestion and trigger a range of physiological responses including the coordination of appetite and glucose homoeostasis. The aim of this review is to discuss the pathways by which food ingestion triggers secretion of cholecystokinin (CCK), glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) and ...
Veenhof E Z - - 2012
Adverse food reactions (AFR) in dogs are reactions due to apparently harmless food antigens, with an unknown aetiology, i.e. immunopathogenesis. Despite the entry of food allergens via the intestinal tract, in the majority of dogs with AFR, clinical symptoms are only associated with the skin (CAFR). In the present review, ...
Pinton Philippe - - 2012
The intestinal epithelium is the first barrier against food contaminants and is highly sensitive to mycotoxins, especially deoxynivalenol (DON). Consumption of DON-contaminated food is associated with outbreaks of gastroenteritis. In cereals and their by-products, DON is present together with two acetylated derivatives, 3-ADON and 15-ADON. Here, we compared the intestinal ...
Rachid Rima - - 2012
Food allergy is a major public health concern in westernized countries, estimated to affect 5 % of children and 3-4 % of adults. Allergen-specific immunotherapy for food allergy is currently being actively evaluated, but is still experimental. The optimal protocol, in terms of the route of administration of the food, ...
Liu Zhi-Qiang - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: Haptens can bind to proteins to elicit antigenicity. Whether haptens play a role in the pathogenesis of food allergy remains to be investigated. This article aims to elucidate the role a hapten plays in food antigen-related T helper 2 (Th2) pattern inflammation in the intestine. METHODS:: The effect of ...
Savage Jessica H JH Division of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, - - 2012
Monoclonal antibodies directed at IgE demonstrate clinical efficacy in subjects with peanut allergy, but previous studies have not addressed the kinetics of the clinical response or the role of mast cells and basophils in the food-induced allergic response. We sought to determine the kinetics of the clinical response to omalizumab ...
Zoccatelli Gianni - - 2012
The aim of the work was to characterize the expression of various α-amylase inhibitors (αAIs), well known anti-nutritional compounds, for the development of healthier diploid wheat-based functional foods. The salt-soluble protein fractions from the seeds of 53 accessions among Triticum monococcum subsp. monococcum (T.m.), T. monococcum subsp. boeoticum (T.b.) and ...
Gaspar Frédéric Bustos - - 2012
Enterococcus faecalis is a nosocomial opportunistic pathogen, but is also found in fermented food products where it plays a fundamental role in the fermentation process. Previously, we have described the non-starter E. faecalis cheese isolate QA29b as harboring virulence genes and proven to be virulent in Galleria mellonella virulence model. ...
Kim Young S - - 2012
Cancer stem cells often have phenotypic and functional characteristics similar to normal stem cells including the properties of self-renewal and differentiation. Recent findings suggest that uncontrolled self-renewal may explain cancer relapses and may represent a critical target for cancer prevention. It is conceivable that the loss of regulatory molecules resulting ...
Soejima T - - 2012
Pasteurized milk is a complex food and contains numerous PCR inhibitors and can often contain high levels of dead Enterobacteriaceae cells, depending on the condition of food sanitation. Usually, propidium monoazide (PMA) or ethidium monoazide PCR techniques decrease the number of dead bacteria by up to 3.5 log to the ...
Thuy Trinh Thi - - 2012
Peristrophe bivalvis (L.) Merr. (Acanthaceae) is a wild growing and cultivated plant used for dyeing of foods by the ethnic minorities of Vietnam. The major component of the colour aqueous extract (CAE) of its leaves was identified as peristrophine by spectral analysis, especially the 2D NMR spectra (HSQC, HMBC and ...
Carsia Rocco V - - 2012
Changes in energy balance can lead to functional alterations at all levels of the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. However, relatively little is known about how energy balance affects functional properties of adrenocortical cells themselves. We investigated effects of restricted food intake on sensitivity to ACTH and rates of steroidogenesis in adrenocortical ...
Gowda Charitha C Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, - - 2012
To expand the understanding of potential pathways through which food insecurity is associated with adverse health outcomes, we investigated whether food insecurity is associated with nutritional levels, inflammatory response, and altered immune function. We performed a cross-sectional analysis of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (1999-2006) with 12,191 participants. ...
Torgomyan Heghine - - 2012
Low-intensity electromagnetic field (EMF) of extremely high frequencies is a widespread environmental factor. This field is used in telecommunication systems, therapeutic practices and food protection. Particularly, in medicine and food industries EMF is used for its bactericidal effects. The significant targets of cellular mechanisms for EMF effects at resonant frequencies ...
Volland Jean-Marie - - 2012
Strombus gigas and Strombus pugilis are threatened species and aquaculture represents a good alternative solution to the fishing. In this study, we highlighted the intracellular digestion process in the digestive gland of two Strombidae species, S. gigas and Strombuspugilis, by the cytochemical characterization of two lysosomal enzymes: acid phosphatase and ...
Calatayud Marta - - 2012
This study evaluates Hg and Se concentrations and bioaccessibility (element solubilised after simulated gastrointestinal digestion) in 17 raw seafood species consumed in Spain. The concentrations varied greatly (Hg, 3.8-1621 ng/g wet weight, ww; Se, 84-1817 ng/g ww). Only one sample of swordfish exceeded the Hg limit permitted in Spain (1 ...
Ramakrishnan Vrinda - - 2012
Food borne diseases have a major impact on public health whose epidemiology is rapidly changing. The whole cells of pathogens involved or their toxins/metabolites affect the human health apart from spoiling sensory properties of the food products finally affecting the food industry as well as consumer health. With pathogens developing ...
Rasooly Reuven - - 2012
The potential use of ricin as an agent of biological warfare highlights the need to develop fast and effective methods to detect biologically active ricin. The current "gold standard" for ricin detection is an in vivo mouse bioassay; however, this method is not practical to test on a large number ...
Robison Rachel G - - 2012
The onset of IgE-mediated food allergy is usually within minutes to 2 hours of food ingestion. Risk factors for fatal food-induced anaphylaxis include presence of asthma (which is a risk factor for anaphylaxis in general), failure to use epinephrine autoinjectors promptly, history of prior severe reactions, known food allergy, denial ...
Leonard Stephanie A - - 2012
Oral immunotherapy (OIT) is a promising treatment for food allergy. Studies are needed to elucidate mechanisms of clinical protection and to identify safer and potentially more efficacious methods for desensitizing patients to food allergens. We established a mouse model of OIT to determine how the dose or form of antigen ...
Wang Sunan - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The cardio-health-promoting activity of some foods may be due to their specific antioxidant content. The antioxidant activity of a mixture of plant extracts has been shown to differ from the activity of the individual extracts. As a result, the activity of the mixture can be described as synergistic, antagonistic ...
Vejux Anne - - 2012
Oxysterols, found in some commonly consumed foods, can induce a wide range of cytotoxic effects, which have been extensively studied. On the other hand, the side effects of phytosterols and oxyphytosterols, are less well known. Over the past few years, different types of food have been enriched with phytosterols based ...
Reimann Frank - - 2012
Food intake is detected by the chemical senses of taste and smell and subsequently by chemosensory cells in the gastrointestinal tract that link the composition of ingested foods to feedback circuits controlling gut motility/secretion, appetite, and peripheral nutrient disposal. G-protein-coupled receptors responsive to a range of nutrients and other food components have ...
Heidebach Thomas - - 2012
The addition of microencapsulated probiotic cells to food products is a relatively new functional food concept. Most of the published scientific research in this field is not older than ten years. However, the technological background reaches back to the 1980s, where lactic acid bacteria were microencapsulated within the concept of ...
Stengel Andreas - - 2012
Ingestion of food affects secretion of hormones from enteroendocrine cells located in the gastrointestinal mucosa. These hormones are involved in the regulation of various gastrointestinal functions including the control of food intake. One cell in the stomach, the X/A-like has received much attention over the past years due to the ...
Ruiter Bert - - 2012
In recent years, our understanding of the initiation of T(H)2-type immunity has increased significantly, yet the mechanism behind the induction of T(H)2 responses and allergic sensitization to food antigens largely remains an enigma. Dendritic cells (DCs) were first described almost 4 decades ago and have since been recognized as the ...
Rocha R A - - 2012
The main routes of fluoride (F) exposure are drinking water and certain foods; consequently, intestinal absorption is an important stage in the study of F exposure. In the present study, different cell models [Caco-2, HT29-MTX and various proportions of Caco-2/HT29-MTX)] were used to evaluate intestinal transport of F. The influence ...
Griffin Caroline T - - 2013
Pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs) are known secondary plant metabolites which can cause hepatotoxicity in both humans and livestock. PAs can be consumed through the use of plants for food, medicinal purposes and as contaminants of agricultural crops and food. PA contaminated grain has posed the largest health risk, although any PA ...
Sayed Hanaa M - - 2012
The use of food additives in various products is growing up. It has attracted the attention towards the possible correlation between the mutagenic potential of food additives and various human diseases. This work evaluated the protective role of selenium and vitamins A, C and E (selenium ACE)(1) against the genotoxic ...
Pabst O - - 2012
Oral tolerance is the state of local and systemic immune unresponsiveness that is induced by oral administration of innocuous antigen such as food proteins. An analogous but more local process also regulates responses to commensal bacteria in the large intestine and, together, mucosally induced tolerance appears to prevent intestinal disorders ...
Noh Joonyong - - 2012
Foxp3-expressing cells among CD19(+)CD5(+) B cells were identified as regulatory B cells. Food allergy manifesting as late eczematous reactions is regarded as a non-IgE-mediated food allergy. The diagnosis for milk allergy manifesting as late eczematous reactions was made on the basis of the findings obtained from a double-blind placebo-controlled food ...
de Azerêdo Geíza Alves - - 2012
Abstract This study aimed to evaluate the antibacterial activities of the essential oils from Origanum vulgare L. (OV) and Rosmarinus officinalis L. (RO), both singly and in combination at sub-inhibitory concentrations (¼ MIC + ¼ MIC), against Aeromonas hydrophila and to investigate the possible mechanisms underlying these activities. Used singly (OV: 2.5 μL/mL; ...
Tavil Betul B Pediatric Bone Marrow Transplantation Unit, Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine, Ihsan Dogramaci Children's Hospital, 06100 Sihhiye, Ankara, - - 2012
This study sought to investigate the effects of pretransplant nutrient content, nutritional status, and nutritional habits on the clinical outcome of children undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplant. Forty-one children were enrolled in this study. Dietary assessment was based on a semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire, consisting of 47 food items (including ...
Hirschi Kendal D - - 2012
Recent findings show that genetic material in plant foods may survive digestion, circulate through our bodies and modulate our gene expression. These findings could alter our understanding of nutrition, genetic regulation and open up new vistas for engineering foods.
Bradley Derek - - 2012
The effects of mild conventional food-processing conditions on Listeria monocytogenes survival to pulsed UV (PUV) irradiation and virulence-associated characteristics were investigated. Specifically, this study describes the inability of 10 strains representative of 3 different culture forms or morphotypes of L. monocytogenes to adapt to normally lethal levels of PUV-irradiation after exposure ...
Noh Joonyong - - 2012
In this study, specific oral tolerance induction using interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) could successfully treat food allergies. Allergen-specific IL-10-producing regulatory B cell (Br1) responses are characteristic in immune tolerance of food allergies. The in-vivo effects of IFN-γ on allergen-induced changes in Br1 proportion and numbers in food allergies were investigated. Oral food ...
Lin Po-Cheng - - 2012
Few rejuvenation and antiaging markers are used to evaluate food supplements. We measured three markers in peripheral blood to evaluate the antiaging effects of a food supplement containing placental extract. Samples were evaluated for CD34(+) cells, insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1), and telomerase activity, which are all markers related to ...
Moran-Ramos Sofia - - 2012
Gut hormones play a key role in the regulation of food intake, energy expenditure, glucose homeostasis, lipid metabolism, and a wide range of metabolic functions in response to food ingestion. These hormones are altered in metabolic diseases, such as obesity and type 2 diabetes, and are thus proposed to be ...
Son Bokyung - - 2012
Bacillus cereus is a foodborne pathogen that causes emetic or diarrheal types of food poisoning. The incidence of B. cereus food poisoning has been gradually increasing over the past few years, therefore, biocontrol agents effective against B. cereus need to be developed. Endolysins are phage-encoded bacterial peptidoglycan hydrolases and have ...
Ligaarden Solveig C - - 2012
Patients with Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) often relate their symptoms to the intake of food and modify their diet. IgE-mediated food allergy is uncommon in IBS, but the role of IgG-mediated food hypersensitivity remains inconclusive. The primary aim of this study was to compare food- and yeast-specific IgG and IgG4 ...
Rasooly Reuven - - 2012
Staphylococcus aureus is a major bacterial pathogen which causes clinical infections and food poisoning. This bacterium produces a group of twenty-one enterotoxins (SEs). These enterotoxins have two separate but related biological activities. They cause gastroenteritis and function as superantigens that activate large numbers of T cells. The current method for ...
Duncker Swantje C - - 2012
The incidence of food hypersensitivity and food allergies is on the rise and new treatment approaches are needed. We investigated whether N. sativa, one of its components, thymoquinone, or synthetic opioid receptor (OR)-agonists can alleviate food allergy. Hence, ovalbumin (OVA)-sensitized BALB/c-mice were pre-treated either with a hexanic N. sativa seed ...
Bansal Amolak S AS Department of Immunology, St Helier Hospital, Wrythe Lane, Carshalton, Surrey, SM5 1AA, UK. - - 2012
Several different foods have been implicated in inducing the delayed and very significant vomiting and sometimes diarrhea that occurs in food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome. While immunoglobulin E is not involved, the mechanism(s) that result in the food-induced gastrointestinal symptoms are unclear, although T cell activation has been considered. We report ...
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