Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 583
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >
Si S - - 1999
Based on the impedance characteristic of erythrocytes at high frequency, the response of piezoelectric crystal impedance (PCI) sensor in the erythrocyte suspension was derived and verified experimentally. A method of using PCI sensor to investigate erythrocyte aggregation-sedimentation phenomenon was proposed. From the frequency response of the PCI sensor, the erythrocyte ...
Yu K N - - 1999
Baseline values of concentrations of the natural radionuclides (238U, 226Ra, 228Ra/232Th, 210Pb) and artificial radionuclides (137Cs, 60Co) in food and drinks (tap water, milk, and water-based drinks) were determined by gamma spectroscopy. All food and drinks were found to contain detectable 40K contents: 0.1 to 160 Bq kg(-1) (fresh mass) ...
Yamada M - - 1999
Marine organisms, i.e. fish, cephalopods, crustaceans, shellfish, and algae, were collected in the early 1990s along the Sea of Japan coast and the Japanese Pacific coast and analyzed for their 239 + 240Pu and 137Cs concentrations. The 239 + 240Pu concentrations in muscle of fish were below 0.4 mBq/kg wet ...
Fisk S - - 1999
Gamma-ray spectra were measured from Scottish heather honey samples gathered from hive locations with associated airborne gamma-ray survey data. The honeys all contained radiocesium, with activity concentrations ranging from 43-680 Bq kg(-1) 137Cs, and 134Cs/137Cs ratios consistent with Chernobyl deposition. Activity concentrations in honey were highly correlated with ground deposition ...
Robison W L - - 1999
Between June 1946 and October 1958, Enewetak and Bikini Atolls were used by the US as testing grounds for 66 nuclear devices. The combined explosive yield from these tests was 107 million t (million t TNT equivalents). This testing produced close-in fallout debris that was contaminated with quantities of radioactive ...
Takahashi S - - 1999
Butyltin compounds (BTs), including tributyltin (TBT) and its breakdown products, di- (DBT) and monobutyltin (MBT), were determined in sea water, sediment, and biota at various trophic levels in the food chain collected from Otsuchi Bay, Japan, for understanding distribution and bioaccumulation of BTs in natural marine ecosystems. BT residues were ...
Thomas P A - - 1999
The richest uranium ore bodies ever discovered (Cigar Lake and McArthur River) are presently under development in northeastern Saskatchewan. This subarctic region is also home to several operating uranium mines and aboriginal communities, partly dependent upon caribou for subsistence. Because of concerns over mining impacts and the efficient transfer of ...
Carroll J - - 1999
As a prerequisite for most evaluations of radionuclide transport pathways in marine systems, it is necessary to obtain basic information on the sorption potential of contaminants onto particulate matter. Kd values for use in modeling radionuclide dispersion in the Kara Sea have been determined as part of several international programs ...
Matsuoka K - - 1999
To investigate temporal changes of water quality, a role of dinoflagellate cysts preserved in surface sediments was examined in Yokohama Port in Tokyo Bay, Japan. Two cores were collected, and sedimentation rates and ages of both were dated as approximately 1900 years or slightly older on the basis of 210Pb ...
Klevezal G A - - 1999
Doses of radiation estimated from ESR analysis of tooth enamel were compared with activities of alpha- and beta-emitters in enamel and in bone tissue of mandibles of 77 reindeer from populations with different levels of radiation contamination. Contribution of the radionuclides incorporated into bone (or bone-seeking radionuclides in food) to ...
Venturini L - - 1999
Thirty-eight types of food including fruits, vegetables, cereals, and meat have been analyzed by gamma-ray spectrometry. Clove and black pepper were found to have the highest concentration of 137Cs. The annual intake of 40K, 228Ra, 226Ra, and 137Cs were found to be 14 kBq, 53.2 Bq, 17.5 Bq, and 3.2 ...
Martínez-Tabche L - - 1999
Toxicity and uptake data for Limnodrilus hoffmeisteri generated by nickel in systems using three natural sediments (trout farms: El Oyamel, El Truchón, and El Potrero), are presented. Nickel uptake and hemoglobin concentration were studied in L. hoffmeisteri exposed to spiked sediments. Nickel concentration and its toxic effect on hemoglobin were ...
Jia G - - 1999
A radioecological survey in Antarctica shows that the 239 + 240Pu, 238Pu, 241Am, 90Sr, and 137Cs activities were detectable in nearly all the samples. The activity level of 239 + 240Pu, 241Am, and 137Cs in antarctic sediments was about 5-20 times lower than in the northern Adriatic Sea sediments, but ...
Borio R - - 1999
The sedimentable mineral organic detritus (SMOD) drawn by rivers can be considered an important matrix for the monitoring of contaminants in aquatic environments. In Italy the collection and radioactivity analysis of SMOD has been introduced and standardised in the 80s. However hydrological parameters, like the flow and the amount of ...
McKenney C L CL - - 1998
Dry weight (W), carbon (C), nitrogen (N), and energy (E) (calculated) accumulation were measured in the estuarine grass shrimp, Palaemonetes pugio, throughout larval development and during the first 2 weeks as postlarvae in seawater over sediment containing the pyrethroid insecticide fenvalerate (SCF; nominal concentrations of 1, 10, and 100 microgram ...
Steevens J A - - 1998
A toxicological evaluation was conducted on wetland habitats created as a result of run-off from agricultural areas. These temporary wetlands were created by using drop pipes as a means of reducing erosional cutting in agricultural fields. Toxicity bioassays utilizing bacterial bioluminescence and Hyalella azteca were used to assess sediment pore ...
Fulker M J - - 1998
Radiological dose implications for consumers of wild foods around Sellafield have been assessed. Habits were surveyed from 72 households, mostly within a few kilometres of Sellafield. A few people were included who lived further away but collect wild foods close to Sellafield. Dose estimates were based on measured gamma emitters, ...
Shimada Y - - 1998
137Cs released from atmospheric nuclear detonation tests has been transported worldwide in the environment and finally taken up by humans through various pathways. In particular, ingestion pathways are important for evaluating the human health risks caused by the chronic global low-level radioactive contamination. In this research, the mathematical model for ...
Shiraishi K - - 1997
Total diet samples were collected to estimate dietary intakes of several radionuclides for Ukrainian males by duplicate portion studies. The samples were collected in the Kiev, Rovno and Volynsky regions in autumn of 1994. Some foodstuffs, including milk and potato, were also collected in the same regions. Daily intakes of ...
Pietrzak-Flis Z - - 1997
Intake with food and water of 226Ra, 210Pb and 210Po was determined for an adult population in regions of central, northern and northeastern Poland. The content of radionuclides was determined in the daily diet and, in the central region, also in foodstuffs and drinking water. The annual intake with foodstuffs ...
Kuo Y C - - 1997
The purpose of this study was to determine the radioactivity of 226Ra in environmental samples in Taiwan. Fish, pork, rice, flour, chicken, vegetable, milk, fruit, egg and water samples were collected and pretreated by radiochemical procedure to extract the 226Ra, and the activity concentrations of 226Ra were determined using a ...
Pyle G G - - 1997
Uptake of 226Ra, 232Th, 230Th, and 228Th from water, sediment, and diet sources to bone and muscle of white suckers (Catostomus commersoni) was studied in sixteen lakes in the uranium-mining district of Ontario, Canada. Fish tissues did not increase linearly with environmental concentrations. The best relationship appears to be a ...
Fuhrmann M - - 1997
To understand the long term impact of the disposal of radioactive waste on the Kara Sea, partition coefficients (Kd) for several important radionuclides, the mineralogy of the sediment, and the relationship of Kd to liquid-to-solid ratio were quantified. Sediment was obtained from four locations in the Kara Sea area. Slow ...
Salbu B - - 1997
Russian-Norwegian expeditions to the Kara Sea and to dumping sites in the fjords of Novaya Zemlya have taken place annually since 1992. In the fjords, dumped objects were localised with sonar and ROV equipped with underwater camera. Enhanced levels of 137Cs, 60Co, 90Sr and 239,240Pu in sediments close to dumped ...
Høibråten S - - 1997
This paper discusses the possible release mechanisms for radionuclides on board the sunken nuclear submarine Komsomolets. With an aim to determine whether or not the sunken submarine presents any significant hazards to man, a worst-case approach is taken in estimating the environmental effects of the released radionuclides. It is found ...
Ikäheimonen T K - - 1997
This work contributed to a joint research programme between the Finnish Centre for Radiation and Nuclear Safety and the Murmansk Marine Biological Institute in the Arctic. Radioanalyses for plutonium isotopes were performed on more than 50 sediment samples, 12 algae samples and 19 fish samples. Plutonium concentrations in algae and ...
Alam M N - - 1997
Sediment samples from the Karnaphuli river estuary, nearshore, and off-shore regions off the coast of Chittagong in the Bay of Bengal were analyzed for the natural radioactivity contents of 232Th, 238U and 40K and anthropogenic radioactivity contents of 137Cs and 134Cs using HPGe gamma spectrometry, together with the measurement of ...
Noshkin V E - - 1997
Bikini and Enewetak were the sites in the Northern Marshall Islands that were used by the United States as testing grounds for nuclear devices between 1946 and 1958. The testing produced close-in fallout debris that was contaminated with different radionuclides and which entered the aquatic environment. The contaminated lagoon sediments ...
Taylor D M - - 1997
Uranium from the environment enters the human body by ingestion with food and drink and by inhalation of respirable airborne uranium-containing dust particles or aerosols. Daily intake of uranium in food and water varies from approximately 1 to approximately 5 micrograms U/d daily in uncontaminated regions to 13-18 micrograms/d or ...
Ban-nai T - - 1997
To estimate radiocesium intake due to eating mushrooms, about 100 samples belonging to 11 species were analyzed to establish representative values for 137Cs and 40K in common edible mushrooms available in food markets. Concentration ranges were <0.047-39 Bq kg(-1) (wet wt) for 137Cs and 30-210 Bq kg(-1) (wet wt) for ...
Balonov M I - - 1997
This chapter discusses the events that led to the contamination of environments with the long-lived radionuclides of caesium, strontium and other elements, and to the internal exposure of populations living in contaminated areas. Among these events are radioactive releases into the river Techa from the Soviet nuclear weapons facility Mayak ...
Kabayama S - - 1997
In today's 'modern' society, no one can escape from the stresses of daily life. Stress stimulates the secretion of stress hormones (e.g. cortisol or noradrenaline) which generally suppress the immune response system, thus rendering the body vulnerable to infectious diseases and cancer. Therefore finding anti-stress food components, which diminish and/or ...
Cigna A A - - 1997
The consumption of food is an important pathway involved in the internal contamination of humans. The site-related critical foodstuffs can be grouped into three main categories: dairy products; aquatic animals, such as fish, molluscs and crustaceans; and other typical foods. The concentration factor plays a more important role than the ...
Likhtarev I A - - 1996
The Chernobyl accident, which occurred in April 1986, resulted in the atmospheric release of about 70--100 PBq of 137Cs. This paper examines the doses to the adult population of the northern part of Rovno Oblast, Ukraine, from ingestion of 137Cs. Fallout of 137Cs in these regions was lower than in ...
Pascoe G A - - 1996
A food chain analysis of risks to wetland receptors was performed in support of a baseline ecological risk assessment at the Milltown Reservoir Sediments Superfund site in Montana. The study area consisted of over 450 acres of primarily palustrine wetland contaminated with metals from mining wastes transported from upstream sources ...
Hayer F - - 1996
Freshwater mussels, Anodonta cygnea L., were collected in a lowly polluted area in north-eastern France, and exposed during 28 days at three sites up and downstream of a chlorine bleached pulp and paper mill effluent Water, sediment and mussel samples were collected at regular intervals and analyzed for halogenated organic ...
Ruiz J M - - 1996
This account briefly reviews the fate, bioconcentration and effects of tributyltin (TBT) three decades after its introduction into the coastal environment. Data on TBT-related events that occurred in Arcachon Bay (gastropod imposex, oyster recruitment failure, oyster shell malformations, concentrations in water and sediments) are revised and reinterpreted. Historically, TBT concentrations ...
Rose N L - - 1996
Although fly-ash particles are found in high concentrations in areas of high acid deposition little environmental work has been done on the inorganic ash sphere (IAS) component. Spatial and temporal trends of IAS in the UK show similar patterns to those of spheroidal carbonaceous particles (SCP), except that there appears ...
Ribera D - - 1996
The assessment of uranium chemical and radiological consequences depends on the physicochemical properties of these radioelements and the knowledge of their environmental fate. Although uranium is the source of all these fissionable isotopes, its fate in ecosystems has been poorly investigated. In this review, we have updated information concerning the ...
Kamath K R KR Department of Gastroenterology, Royal Alexandra Hospital for Children, Sydney, - - 1995
The epithelium of the gastrointestinal tract is constantly exposed to varieties of antigens. In healthy individuals, only small amounts of ingested dietary antigens are absorbed. The normal immune response to absorbed food antigens is one of tolerance, which enables food to play its nutritive ("food") role without causing disease. Breakdown ...
Carvalho F P - - 1995
Through analysis of 210Po and 210Pb in the diet, the average ingestion rate for the Portuguese population is estimated at 1.2 and 0.47 Bq d-1 per capita for 210Po and 210Pb, respectively. Detailed analysis of foods indicate that seafood alone contributes up to 70% of the 210Po ingestion rate, whereas ...
Leggett R W - - 1995
This paper provides a review and reanalysis of data relating to gastrointestinal (GI) uptake of uranium in humans. Estimates of GI uptake of uranium in adult humans have been derived from results of three controlled experimental studies involving short-term oral intake of an elevated quantity of uranium in fluids, from ...
Liu J - - 1994
Biglycan is a small dermatan sulfate proteoglycan present in the extracellular matrix of a variety of connective tissues. Sedimentation velocity and equilibrium studies were carried out to determine the monomer molecular weight of biglycan in denaturing solvents and to define the oligomeric states of biglycan in physiologic solvents in the ...
Cunningham W C - - 1994
Findings from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration's Radionuclides in Foods program are summarized for foods collected between October 1, 1986, and September 30, 1992. Concentrations of radionuclide activity in the Total Diet Study and reactor-survey foods were in Range 1 or low in Range II of the surveillance and ...
Noshkin V E - - 1994
The concentrations of 210Po and 210Pb have been determined in many local foods consumed by societies residing on different atolls in the Marshall Islands. The average daily intake of these two naturally occurring radionuclides from local and imported food is estimated to be 2.18 and 0.36 Bq, respectively. Local foods ...
Keely B J - - 1994
The tetrapyrroles in a highly immature Late Pliocene lacustrine sediment (Willershausen, Germany) show a simple distribution of both chlorin and porphyrin components as the free bases. The major components are C32 desoxophylloerythroaetioporphyrin (DPEP), a C33 bicycloalkano porphyrin, the chlorin analogue of the latter, and desoxophylloerythrin and its chlorin counterpart. The ...
Connor E E - - 1994
Sediment from Killarney Lake, Idaho was added to the diet of captive northern bobwhites (Colinus virginianus) to determine absorption of Pb from contaminated sediment. The sediment, containing 4,500 micrograms g-1 Pb dry weight (d.w.), was added to ground poultry ration at 8% dry matter intake (DMI) for 21 days. Concentrations ...
Thomas P A - - 1994
Natural background activity and food chain transfer of the uranium decay products, 210Po and 210Pb, were examined in the lichen-caribou-wolf food chain at two locations in the Northwest Territories of Canada. 210Po and 210Pb activities in lichens differed with species and location. Both 210Po and 210Pb were markedly higher in ...
Skwarzec B - - 1994
The determination of 63Ni was carried out on fish samples of cod (Gadus morhua), herring (Clupea harengus), sprat (Sprattus Sprattus) and samples of sediment core from the GdaƄsk Bay. In contrast to stable nickel, 63Ni is non-uniformly distributed within the fish. More than 95% of total 63Ni content in cod ...
Dobler S - - 1994
Adult leaf beetles of the genusOreina are known to be defended either by autogenously produced cardenolides or by pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs) sequestered from the food plant, or both. In this paper we analyze larvae of differentOreina species and show that the larvae contain the same defensive toxins as the adults ...
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >