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Butt Isma I Department of Biology, College of Staten Island, City University of New York, Staten Island, NY 10314, - - 2014
Both common eating disorders anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa are characteristically diseases of women. To characterize the role of the 5-HT1A receptor (5-HT1A-R) in these eating disorders in females, we investigated the effect of saline or 8-hydroxy-2-(di-n-propylamino) tetralin (8-OH-DPAT) treatment on feeding behavior and body weight in adult WT female ...
Pandurangan Muthuraman M Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Catholic University of Daegu, 13-13 Hayang-ro, Hayang-eup, Gyeongsan, 712-702, South - - 2014
Aspartame is an artificial sweetener used as an alternate for sugar in several foods and beverages. Since aspartame is 200 times sweeter than traditional sugar, it can give the same level of sweetness with less substance, which leads to lower-calorie food intake. There are reports that consumption of aspartame-containing products ...
Brzykcy Stephen J SJ Department of Psychology, University of Iowa, E11 Seashore Hall, Iowa City, IA, 52242, - - 2014
Relational concepts-such as connectedness-may be easy for human adults to appreciate; but, obtaining evidence of other species' understanding of connectedness has been challenging. One key test of connectedness involves an organism's responding to variants of the string task. Using a virtual string task, we gave pigeons a pair of strings ...
Fiocchi Alessandro A aDivision of Allergy, Department of Pediatric Medicine, Pediatric Hospital Bambino Gesu', Rome, Vatican City bUnit of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, University-Hospital Pediatric Department, Pediatric Hospital Bambino Gesu', Rome, Vatican City cUnit of Metabolism, Department of Pediatric Medicine, Pediatric Hospital Bambino Gesu', Rome, Vatican City dPediatric Division, Santa Corona Hospital, Garbagnate, Milan, - - 2014
To assess all the possible differential diagnosis of food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome (FPIES), both in acute and chronic presentation, reviewing the data reported in published studies. There is an increase of reported cases of FPIES in recent years. As the disease presents with nonspecific symptoms, it can be misunderstood in ...
Liu Yu Y 1] Yunnan Key Laboratory for Palaeobiology, Yunnan University, Kunming 650091, China [2] Developmental Neurobiology Group, Biocenter, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Großhaderner Street 2, 82152 Planegg-Martinsried, - - 2014
An important survival strategy for animal species is the so-called niche differentiation between larva and adult. Different developmental stages of the same animal occupy different ecological niches to avoid competing for food or other essential resources. Here, we describe an exceptionally preserved larval stage of the short great appendage (SGA) ...
Zhang Qing-Hong - - 2013
Hg discharged into the environmental waters can generally be bioaccumulated, transformed and transmited by living organisms, thus resulting in the formation of Hg-toxicity food chains. The pathway and toxicology of food chain contaminated with enviromental Hg are rarely revealed by proteomics. Here, we showed that differential proteomics had potential to ...
Kao Leon - - 2013
It has been reported that peanut- or tree nut-allergic individuals and their guardians are poorly capable of differentiating various tree nuts and peanuts. No information exists on the ability of allergists to differentiate peanuts and tree nuts. To measure the ability of allergists and other specialists within the allergy and ...
Martínez-Gonzáles N E - - 2014
The Polymyxin Ceftazidime Oxford Medium (PCOM) was developed to recover Listeria monocytogenes from raw or unpasteurized foods. It contains esculin-ferric ammonium citrate as indicator system for Listeria growth, and ceftazidime and polymyxin B as selective agents, which are available in several Latin American countries. Comparison of PCOM, Modified Oxford Medium ...
Kant Ashima K AK Department of Family, Nutrition, and Exercise Sciences, Queens College of the City University of New York, Flushing, NY, USA. - - 2013
Recent survey data reveal the persistence of long-acknowledged socioeconomic status (SES) differentials in the prevalence of obesity in U.S. children and adolescents. We examined 30-y changes in the association of dietary and meal behaviors with family income and education to understand the possible contribution of these trends to SES trends ...
Perea-Blázquez Alejandra - - 2013
Understanding the way that closely related co-existing species utilize resources is important for explaining biodiversity patterns and understanding how organisms contribute to ecosystem functioning. Here we investigated the utilization of food resources by sponges to determine if different sponge species from the same habitat utilize different fractions of their picoplanktonic ...
van der Velden S - - 2013
Patterns of total Hg (THg) and methyl Hg (MeHg) biomagnification were investigated in six pairs of co-located lacustrine and marine food webs supporting a common predator, Arctic charr. Mercury biomagnification rates (the slope of log Hg concentration versus δ(15)N-inferred trophic level) did not differ significantly between the two feeding habitats ...
Allison Janelle - - 2012
We compared differential reinforcement plus escape extinction to noncontingent reinforcement plus escape extinction to treat food selectivity exhibited by a young child with autism. The interventions were equally effective for increasing bite acceptance and decreasing problem behaviors. However, a social validity measure suggested that noncontingent reinforcement was preferred by the ...
Watanabe Osamu - - 2011
From April 1994 to March 2001, monitoring tests (surveillance) for the contamination of Salmonella Enteritidis (SE) in commercial egg-farms and farm trace back inspections of SE food-borne illness were carried out in the Himeji Livestock Hygiene Service Center jurisdiction of Hyogo prefecture, Japan. SE vaccination was not performed before the ...
Tuero Diego T - - 2011
Interspecific brood parasites, like the shiny cowbird (Molothrus bonariensis), lay eggs in nests of other species. Shiny cowbird females peck and puncture eggs when they parasitize host nests. This behavior increases the survival of cowbird chicks when they have to compete for food with larger nestmates. However, cowbird chicks may ...
Chaiyarat Rattanawat - - 2011
This article discusses two related issues of the captive breeding and reintroduction of the Oriental pied hornbill (Anthracoceros albirostris) in order to increase its population in the natural habitats. Oriental pied hornbills were bred in Khao Kheow Open Zoo. Three pairs were separated and kept in breeding cages. Females occupied ...
Varguez-Montero Grissly - - 2011
The aim of this study was to evaluate egg production and quality of Rhode Island Red (RIR) laying hens in an outdoor system in the subhumid tropic. Eighty RIR laying hens were measured in two periods and housed randomly under three treatments: outdoor (O), indoor (I) and in conventional cages ...
Braga Daniela Paes de Almeida Ferreira - - 2012
To investigate the influence of the male partner's lifestyle, including eating and social habits, on semen quality and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) success. Observational study. Private fertility clinic. Two hundred fifty male patients undergoing ICSI cycles. We recorded dietary and social habits using a food frequency questionnaire adapted to meet ...
Yen Tzung-Hai - - 2011
In May 2011, the illegal use of the phthalate plasticizer di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate in clouding agents for use in foods and beverages was reported in Taiwan. This food scandal has caused shock and panic among the majority of Taiwanese people and has attracted international attention. Phthalate exposure is assessed by ambient ...
Signs Renata J - - 2011
Research has found that populations with low socioeconomic status (SES) and minority populations have greater access to small corner markets and less access to supermarkets than high-SES and Caucasian populations. This represents a significant difference in the farm-to-fork continuum that these populations experience. This research examined whether differential retail access ...
Prasad S B - - 2011
Gold was first detected in human semen in 1981. The entry of gold into semen was hypothesized through food items. Earlier reports identified gold in semen as important for good quality of semen. The infertility rate could be low around gold mine area when compared to other places. The aim ...
Canteiro Rita de Cássia S A - - 2011
Chironomidae larvae are important macroinvertebrates in limnic environments, but little knowledge exists about their biometrics development characteristics. This study aims to describe the immature Chironomus calligraphus Goeldi, 1905 under laboratory conditions by the accomplishment of thirteen egg masses from eggs eclosion to adults emergency, at controlled room temperature (25ºC) and ...
Lunn Michael - - 2011
Immunoglobulin E (IgE)-mediated food allergies affect 6% to 8% of children in the United States with symptoms ranging from localized hives to life-threatening anaphylaxis. Intravenous fat emulsions (IFEs) are a vital component of total parental nutrition, because they provide essential fatty acids. IFE is a sterile fat emulsion that contains ...
Asmala Eero - - 2011
Nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) are essential elements for life, but in excess they contribute to aquatic eutrophication. The Baltic Sea is a brackish semi-enclosed sea that is heavily influenced by anthropogenic loading of nutrients, resulting in a major environmental problem, eutrophication. In this study, the nutrient balance of the ...
Swanson J C - - 2011
Setting directions and goals for animal production systems requires the integration of information achieved through internal and external processes. The importance of stakeholder input in setting goals for sustainable animal production systems should not be overlooked by the agricultural animal industries. Stakeholders play an integral role in setting the course ...
Thompson P B - - 2011
The attributes of egg production that elicit values-based responses include the price and availability of eggs, environmental impacts, food safety or health concerns, and animal welfare. Different social groups have distinct interests regarding the sustainability of egg production that reflect these diverse values. Current scientifically based knowledge about how values ...
Jones D R - - 2011
Eggs from alternative production practices are a growing niche in the market. Meeting consumer requests for greater diversity in retail egg options has resulted in some unique challenges such as understanding the food safety implications of eggs from alternative production practices. A study was conducted to determine what, if any, ...
Fernie Kim J - - 2011
Recently, the ban of hexabromocyclododecane (HBCD), a high production volume flame retardant, was announced in Europe and North America. However, the effects of HCBD remain understudied in birds. The objectives of the present comparative effects study were to determine if exposure to a technical HBCD mixture (HBCD - TM) altered ...
Zhang Mingchu - - 2011
In some systems, grasshoppers appear to be food limited in most years, whereas in other systems top down forces, for example, predators, are more often implicated in population regulation. Sustainable strategies to manage grasshopper populations through habitat management require knowledge of the forces that regulate grasshopper populations. This experiment was ...
Denehy Emma J - - 2011
On 30 April 2009, the Communicable Disease Control Branch (CDCB) South Australia was notified of a Salmonella infection in a person who attended a wedding reception on 25 April 2009. Several other attendees reported becoming unwell with a similar gastrointestinal illness. The CDCB commenced an investigation to: characterise the outbreak ...
Rosypal Alexa C - - 2011
High hydrostatic pressure processing (HPP) is an effective non-thermal treatment used to inactivate pathogens from a variety of food and food products. It has been extensively examined using prokaryotic organisms and protozoan's but has had limited study on metazoans. Treatment using HPP has been shown to be effective in inactivating ...
Joly Marine - - 2011
Large-brained diurnal mammals with complex social systems are known to plan where and how to reach a resource, as shown by a systematic movement pattern analysis. We examined for the first time large-scale movement patterns of a solitary-ranging and small-brained mammal, the mouse lemur (Microcebus murinus), by using the change-point ...
Yavno S - - 2011
In this study, cannibalistic and predatory responses of juvenile Neogobius melanostomus (either fed or deprived of food and caught during the reproductive summer or non-reproductive winter season) to water washings of fertilized eggs from conspecifics (N. melanostomus), heterospecifics (rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss) and control lake water were tested. Fed juveniles ...
Maeno Koutaro - - 2011
Solitarious female adults are known to produce smaller hatchlings than those produced by gregarious adults of the desert locust, Schistocerca gregaria. This study investigated developmental, morphological and reproductive responses to different qualities of food in hatchlings of different phases. Mortality was higher, the duration of nymphal development longer and adult ...
Kuda Takashi - - 2011
To confirm the importance of eliminating food sediments from the surfaces of food-related environments, we examined the resistance of pathogenic bacteria (Salmonella Typhimurium and Staphylococcus aureus) cells, dried and adhered on glass with 25% w/v egg albumen, 25% yolk or 50% whole egg solutions, against benzalkonium chloride and alkyldiaminoethylglycine hydrochloride. ...
Harvey Simon C - - 2011
Maternal effects on progeny traits are common and these can profoundly alter progeny life history. Maternal effects can be adaptive, representing attempts to appropriately match offspring phenotype to the expected environment and are often mediated via trade-offs between progeny number and quality. Here we have investigated the effect of maternal ...
Jaspers Cornelia - - 2011
The recent invasion of the comb jelly Mnemiopsis leidyi into northern European waters is of major public and scientific concern. One of the key features making M. leidyi a successful invader is its high fecundity combined with fast growth rates. However, little is known about physiological limitations to its reproduction ...
Horacek Micha - - 2010
Ginseng is a health food and traditional medicine highly valued in Asia. Ginseng from certain origins is higher valued than from other origins, so that a reliable method for differentiation of geographical origin is important for the economics of ginseng production. To discriminate between ginseng samples from South Korea and ...
Wang Peng P Technology Center, Hubei Entry-Exit Inspection and Quarantine Bureau, Wuhan 430022, - - 2010
Amaranth is widely added to food and can cause many adverse health effects when it is excessively consumed. Therefore, the monitoring of amaranth is quite important. Herein, an electrochemical sensor for the sensitive and rapid detection of amaranth was reported using multiwall carbon nanotube (MWNT) as the sensing film. Due ...
Mazumder Debashish - - 2010
Stable isotope techniques in food web studies often focus on organic carbon in food sources which are subsequently assimilated in the tissue of consumer organisms through diet. The presence of non-dietary carbonates in bulk samples can affect their δ(13)C values, altering how their results are interpreted. Acidification of samples is ...
Lee Joohyung - - 2011
A portable sensor platform for the detection of small molecular species is crucial for the on-site monitoring of environmental pollutants, food toxicants, and disease-related metabolites. However, it is still extremely difficult to find highly selective and sensitive sensor platforms for general small molecular detection. Herein, we report aptamer sandwich-based carbon ...
Canfield Donald E - - 2010
Atmospheric reactions and slow geological processes controlled Earth's earliest nitrogen cycle, and by ~2.7 billion years ago, a linked suite of microbial processes evolved to form the modern nitrogen cycle with robust natural feedbacks and controls. Over the past century, however, the development of new agricultural practices to satisfy a ...
Zbinden Magali - - 2010
Even though their occurrence was reported a long time ago, sunken wood ecosystems at the deep-sea floor have only recently received specific attention. Accumulations of wood fragments in the deep sea create niches for a diverse fauna, but the significance of the wood itself as a food source remains to ...
Wannicke Nicola - - 2010
During two independent cruises in the north-eastern tropical Atlantic Ocean, we applied two different approaches to investigate the impact of diazotrophy on nitrogen stable isotope signatures in nitrate and particulate organic nitrogen (PON) of the food-web constituents. The first approach, used during the Poseidon cruise 348 in the Mauritanian upwelling, ...
Wehi Priscilla M - - 2010
Determining diet and trophic position of species with stable isotopes requires appropriate trophic enrichment estimates between an animal and its potential foods. These estimates are particularly important for cryptic foragers where there is little comparative dietary information. Nonetheless, many trophic enrichment estimates are based on related taxa, without confirmation of ...
Xue Xiaobo - - 2010
Although the environmental impacts and carbon footprints of foods are gaining more public attention and scientific debate, few studies have systematically evaluated the life cycle nitrogen and phosphorus flows among different food types. Disruption of natural nitrogen and phosphorus cycles already result in serious environmental quality degradation and economic losses, ...
Miller Todd W - - 2010
The Seto Inland Sea (SIS) receives waste runoff from ∼24% of Japan's total population, yet it is also important in regional fisheries, recreation and commerce. During August 2006 we measured carbon and nitrogen stable isotopes of particulate organic matter (POM) and zooplankton across urban population gradients of the SIS. Results ...
Kimura Atsushi - - 2010
We aimed to explore the interactive effects of the accessibility of information and the degree of carbon footprint score on consumers' value judgments of food products. Participants (n=151, undergraduate students in Japan) rated their maximum willingness to pay (WTP) for four food products varying in information accessibility (active-search or read-only ...
Milman N - - 2010
The content of (13)C and (15)N isotopes is higher in marine than in terrestrial food. (13)C and (15)N in human tissue therefore reflects the relative proportions of marine and terrestrial food consumed by the individual. The objective of this study was to measure (13)C and (15)N in liver tissue from ...
Soucek David J - - 2010
The purpose of our study was to investigate the sub-lethal effects of millimeter wave carbon fibers (MWCF), a military obscurant, on filter-feeding freshwater invertebrates. We observed decreased survival, reproduction, and oxygen consumption in Daphnia magna at realistic loading rates. In experiments with the Asiatic clam (Corbicula fluminea), soft tissue dry ...
Warinner Christina - - 2010
Stressors such as fasting or poor diet quality are thought to potentially alter the nitrogen and carbon isotopic values of animal tissues. In this study, we demonstrate an inverse correlation between growth rate and multiple tissue enrichment of delta(15)N, delta(13)C, and, to a lesser degree, delta(18)O in a juvenile pig. ...
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