Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 816
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Mittag D - - 2005
Recently allergic reactions to legumes mediated by Bet v 1-homologous food allergens were described for soy and peanut. In this study we assessed allergic reactions to another legume, to mungbean seedlings, and identified its Bet v 1-homologous allergen Vig r 1. Ten patients were selected who had a history of ...
Vogel L - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Biochemical and immunochemical methods used for batch control of allergen extracts rely on the binding of IgE molecules to allergens. They do not measure the ability of a protein to induce type I allergic reactions. Therefore, a biological assay was established that is based on the cellular mechanisms of ...
Holden Lise - - 2005
The use of lupine in foods has increased considerably during the past decade, reflected by a corresponding increase in reported lupine-induced allergic incidents. Lupine allergy may arise either by primary sensitization or by clinical cross-reactivity in peanut-allergic persons. Detection of lupine proteins in food has previously been based on the ...
Leijs Hans - - 2005
The adoption of the 7th amendment of the European Cosmetic Directive 76/768/EEC requires any cosmetic product containing any of 26 raw materials identified by the Scientific Committee on Cosmetic Products and Non-Food Products intended for Consumers as likely to cause a contact allergy when present above certain trigger levels to ...
Pons Laurent - - 2005
Food allergy is a major cause of life-threatening hypersensitivity reactions. Currently, the strict avoidance of the allergenic food and ready access to self-injectable adrenaline is the standard of care for food allergy. Based on extensive characterisation of food allergens and a better understanding of the immunological mechanisms underlying allergic disease, ...
Roberts G - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Previous studies measuring the prevalence of allergen sensitization have been relatively small and used small numbers of allergens. To effectively evaluate children with atopic disease, we need an accurate knowledge of which allergens are important. OBJECTIVE: To measure the prevalence of sensitization within a large unselected birth cohort, to ...
Jahn-Schmid Beatrice - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Individuals with birch pollen allergy frequently experience hypersensitivity reactions to certain foods, primarily because of IgE antibodies specific for the major birch pollen allergen Bet v 1 that cross-react with homologous food allergens. OBJECTIVE: We sought to characterize the major T-cell epitopes of Bet v 1 and to investigate ...
Arbes Samuel J SJ - - 2005
Studies of indoor allergen exposures are often limited by the cost and logistics of sending technicians to homes to collect dust. In this study we evaluated the feasibility of having subjects collect their own dust samples. The objectives were to compare allergen concentrations between subject- and technician-collected samples and to ...
Gerrard J A - - 2005
The aims of this paper are (1) to probe the relationship between molecular structure and protein cross-linking ability for a range of small molecules; (2) to establish whether this relationship holds within a food matrix; and (3) to test the impact of Maillard cross-linking on food functionality, particularly texture, in ...
Spök Armin - - 2005
The prevalence of allergic diseases has been increasing continuously and, accordingly, there is a great desire to evaluate the allergenic potential of components in our daily environment (e.g., food). Although there is almost no scientific evidence that genetically modified organisms (GMOs) exhibit increased allergenicity compared with the corresponding wild type ...
Kiening Martin - - 2005
People suffering from food allergies are dependent on accurate food labeling, as an avoidance diet is the only effective countermeasure. Even a small amount of allergenic protein can trigger severe reactions in highly sensitized patients. Therefore, sensitive and reliable tests are needed to detect potential cross-contamination. In this paper two ...
Lehrer S B - - 2005
In recent years, significant attention has been paid to the use of biotechnology to improve the quality and quantity of the food supply due in part to the projected growth in the world population, plus limited options available for increasing the amount of land under cultivation. Alterations in the food ...
Poulsen L K - - 2005
In this review of research priorities, presented for the European Commission, food allergy is established as a disease with a considerable impact on modern society. Research paradigms have changed from establishing basic symptomatology and diagnostic methods over allergen characterization to a risk-identification approach looking at which patients are at risk ...
Baack E J - - 2005
Newly formed tetraploid plants in sympatry with their diploid progenitors should face significant obstacles to persistence and population establishment because of low-fitness triploids formed by cross-ploidy pollinations. Prior models have found restrictive conditions for a minority tetraploid subpopulation to persist. A stochastic spatial model, parameterized using snow buttercups (Ranunculus adoneus), ...
Watanabe Yumiko - - 2005
Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) has been considered extremely useful for the detection of markers of allergenic substances in food, because it is simple, offers a suitable sensitivity, and is useful in providing quantitative results. Allergenic protein present in processed food can be denatured or altered, hindering therefore their possibility to ...
Cantani A A Department of Pediatrics, Allergy and Clinical Immunology Division, University of Rome La Sapienza, Rome, - - 2005
Hydrolysate formulas (HF) have been developed with the goal of reducing the allergenicity of cow's milk (CM) proteins, thus providing a suitable formula for feeding babies with CM allergy (CMA). More recently, whey HFs have provoked 208 reactions in babies at high risk of atopy when given for CMA prevention. ...
van Wijk F - - 2005
There is little knowledge about the factors that determine the allergenicity of food proteins. One aspect that remains to be elucidated is the effect of the food matrix on immune responses to food proteins. To study the intrinsic immunogenicity of allergens and the influence of the food matrix, purified peanut ...
Hoffmann-Sommergruber K - - 2005
The true prevalence of food allergy as an IgE mediated reaction is still under discussion. Using apple as a model allergen source a multidisciplinary consortium worked together at developing various strategies for reducing the incidence of fruit allergies in an EC-funded project. Patient allergen profiles were established using in vitro ...
Hirao Takashi - - 2005
Buckwheat often causes severe allergic reactions, even when its ingestion level is extremely low. Therefore, buckwheat is listed in several countries as a common food allergen. In addition to common buckwheat and Tartarian buckwheat that are cultivated and consumed widely, wild buckwheat may be potentially allergenic. Food containing undeclared buckwheat ...
Palomares O - - 2005
BACKGROUND: 1,3-beta-glucanases (group 2 of pathogenesis-related proteins) are enzymes widely distributed among higher plants and have been recently proven to be significant allergens. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work was to study the potential implication of 1,3-beta-glucanases in cross-reactivities among latex, pollen and vegetable foods. METHODS: The cDNA encoding the ...
Okuda M - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Pollinosis is common worldwide, and has been frequently studied. However, the intranasal dynamics of pollen grains have not yet been documented. The purpose of this study is to elucidate for the first time the dynamics of Japanese cedar pollen (JCP) in the human nose at consecutive steps from inhalation ...
Madeja Jacek - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Birch (Betula sp.) pollen grains are the main cause of seasonal allergies in northern and central Europe. The allergen particles released from the grains are often well distributed in the air. Due to their size, airborne protein particles can easily penetrate into the lower parts of the respiratory airways ...
Erdmann S M - - 2005
Basophil activation is associated with the expression of CD63. In birch-pollen-associated food allergy to celery, carrot and apple, Bet v 1, Api g 1, Dau c 1 and Mal d 1 are major allergens. Recombinant allergens have not yet been used in the CD63-based basophil activation test (BAT). To evaluate ...
Mazooz Galit - - 2005
Transglutaminases are a family of enzymes that play an important role in tissue remodeling by catalyzing covalent cross-links between proteins of the extracellular matrix. Elevated activity of transglutaminase was shown at the boundaries of invading tumors, in association with angiogenesis, in stabilization of atherosclerotic plaques, and in generation of blood ...
Ghunaim N - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Most studies on pollen-related food allergy have so far focused on the association of birch/weed pollen allergens and plant food allergy. The aim of this study was to elucidate the allergen spectrum among a group of grass pollen-allergic patients from northern Europe and to relate the results to clinical ...
Nagai Takeshi - - 2005
The enzymatic hydrolysates from pollen Cistus ladaniferus were digested and prepared using three kinds of enzymes (pepsin, trypsin, and papain) and the antioxidative properties were investigated. The yields, total phenolic contents, and protein contents of these hydrolysates were as follows: yields (about 21-45%), total phenolics (10.39-14.33 microg/mg sample powder), and ...
Wilson Shannon - - 2005
Soybean ranks among the "big 8" of the most allergenic foods, and with increasing consumption of soybean products, the incidence of soy-caused allergies is expected to escalate. Soybean and its derivatives have become ubiquitous in vegetarian and many meat-based food products, and as a result, dietary avoidance has become difficult. ...
Liccardi Gennaro - - 2005
An increasing volume of evidence suggests that early contact of children with the allergens of furred pets (especially those produced by cats) may determine a lower risk of developing allergic sensitisation to these materials. A possible explanation of this data is that an early inhalation of high levels of the ...
Binotti R S - - 2005
The aim of this study was to investigate the mite fauna present in 33 living room and 22 bedroom curtain dust samples from 41 different homes in the southern Brazilian city of Campinas, SP. A total of 148 mite bodies were found. Of these, 83 were found in living-room curtain ...
Sánchez-Borges Mario - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To review systemic reactions due to the oral ingestion of mites. DATA SOURCES: We performed a MEDLINE search of peer-reviewed research articles published between 1993 and 2004 relevant to the subject of anaphylactic reactions to mite-contaminated foods. STUDY SELECTION: Recent studies that emphasized the potentially life-threatening nature of anaphylactic ...
van Wijk Femke - - 2005
Although food allergy has emerged as a major health problem, the mechanisms that are decisive in the development of sensitization to dietary Ag remain largely unknown. CTLA-4 signaling negatively regulates immune activation, and may play a crucial role in preventing induction and/or progression of sensitization to food Ag. To elucidate ...
Hubert Jan - - 2005
The stored-product mites are the most abundant and frequent group of pests living on the stored food products in Europe. They endanger public health since they produce allergens and transmit mycotoxin-producing fungi. Novel acaricidal compounds with inhibitory effects on the digestive enzymes of arthropods are a safe alternative to the ...
Whitaker Thomas B - - 2005
Peanut proteins can cause allergenic reactions that can result in respiratory and circulatory effects in the body sometimes leading to shock and death. The determination of peanut proteins in foods by analytical methods can reduce the risk of serious reactions in the highly sensitized individual by allowing for the detection ...
Thind B B - - 2005
Storage mites are important primary pests but present methods for trapping them are either rudimentary or have several limitations. These prevent effective early detection or reliable monitoring of mites in the food, animal feed and associated industries. The BT Trap is the first trap designed specifically for the detection and ...
Breiteneder Heimo - - 2005
Plant food allergens belong to a rather limited number of protein families and are also characterized by a number of biochemical and physicochemical properties, many of which are also shared by food allergens of animal origin. These include thermal stability and resistance to proteolysis, which are enhanced by an ability ...
Roberts J W - - 2005
This pilot study measured and examined the relationship between surface dust, deep dust, lead (Pb), and the 3-spot test during vacuuming of carpets. The 3-spot test measures the total time in seconds for the indicator light on a Hoover vacuum with dirt detector (HVDD) to turn from red to green ...
Peternel Renata - - 2005
The aim of the study was to determine the onset, duration and termination of the ragweed pollen season; intradiurnal, daily and monthly pollen variation, and possible differences in the occurrence and concentration of ragweed pollen according to sampling sites between 2002 and 2003. The study was conducted at three sampling ...
Bouras Stelios L - - 2005
Euseius stipulatus (Athias-Henriot) is a predatory mite widespread in the Mediterranean region considered to be important for the biological control of spider mites in citrus orchards. Development, survival and reproduction of this phytoseiid mite feeding on seven commercially obtained pollen were studied under constant laboratory conditions (20 +/- 1 degrees ...
Akkerdaas Jaap H - - 2004
Contamination of food products with pepsin resistant allergens is generally believed to be a serious threat to patients with severe food allergy. A sandwich type enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was developed to measure pepsin resistant hazelnut protein in food products. Capturing and detecting rabbit antibodies were raised against pepsin-digested hazelnut ...
Stephan Oliver - - 2004
In the United States, peanut is one of the main sources of food allergens. Similarly, celery is a common allergenic food in Western Europe. Severe allergic reactions to both foods are common. Unexpected allergic reactions can occur after the consumption of celery- and peanut-free foods as a result of inadvertent ...
Maleki Soheila J - - 2004
The majority of foods that we eat are subjected to some type of processing either at home or by the manufacturer. The biochemical reactions that occur in foods as a result of thermal processing can be both beneficial and harmful. Here, we briefly review the effects of thermal processing and ...
Poms Roland Ernest - - 2004
Food allergies represent an important health problem in industrialized countries. Undeclared allergenic foods as contaminants in food products pose a major risk for sensitized persons. Reliable detection and quantification methods for food allergens are necessary to ensure compliance with food labeling and improve consumer protection. The methods currently used for ...
Poulsen Lars K - - 2004
The introduction of novel proteins into foods carries a risk of eliciting allergic reactions in individuals sensitive to the introduced protein and a risk of sensitizing susceptible individuals. No single predictive test exists to perform a hazard assessment in relation to allergenic properties of newly expressed proteins in gene-modified organisms ...
Namork Ellen - - 2004
The authors collected ambient air along two highways in Oslo to investigate the annual variations in particulate matter (PM10) and the presence of latex as an outdoor allergen. PMI, was monitored for a period of five years, during which time the use of studded winter tires was reduced. The presence ...
Poms Roland E - - 2004
Peanut is a major allergenic food. Undeclared peanut (allergens) from mis-formulation or contamination during food processing pose a potential risk for sensitized individuals and must be avoided. Reliable detection and quantification methods for food allergens are necessary in order to ensure compliance with food labelling and to improve consumer protection. ...
Westphal Carmen D - - 2004
The detection of food allergens has been a challenge because of the increasing need to ensure the absence of undeclared allergens in foods. The current trend in the detection of some food allergens, like peanuts, is based on the detection of multiple allergenic and nonallergenic proteins, and this is the ...
Koppelman Stef J - - 2004
Several tests for the detection of soy proteins in foods have been described in the literature, and some are commercially available. This article gives an overview of these methods and discusses the advantages and disadvantages of each individual method. Based on the conclusions of this inventory, an experimental approach was ...
Fiocchi Alessandro - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To review the effects of technological processing on selected foods of relevance to childhood allergy from the viewpoints of reduced allergenicity, contamination of processed foods by allergens introduced during processing, and ad hoc technologies to produce reduced hypoallergenic products. DATA SOURCES: We searched the literature (PubMed/MEDLINE) for articles published ...
Strid Jessica - - 2004
The prevalence of food allergic diseases is rising and poses an increasing clinical problem. Peanut allergy affects around 1% of the population and is a common food allergy associated with severe clinical manifestations. The exact route of primary sensitization is unknown although the gastrointestinal immune system is likely to play ...
Lehrer Samuel B - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To review allergen risk evaluation for genetically modified foods and our ability to predict protein allergenicity, methods that are being used to develop foods with reduced allergenic activity, and clinical aspects relative to assessing potentially allergic patients. DATA SOURCES: Information was identified using the MEDLINE database for governmental, international, ...
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