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Results 301 - 350 of 815
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Baqueiro Tiana - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus, Dermatophagoides farinae and Blomia tropicalis dust mites are among the most important agents of hypersensitivity reactions in human beings. However, a role of other mites in the etiology of these reactions has not yet been excluded. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the nature of the dust mite fauna and ...
Gore Robin B - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The relationship among inhaled allergen exposure, sensitization, and asthma severity is unknown. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relationship among personal allergen exposure, reservoir dust allergen concentrations, and physiological measures of asthma severity; to examine the numbers of particles inspired that react with autologous IgE and IgG4. METHODS: A total of ...
McClain Scott - - 2006
The potential for animal models to mimic the human disease process makes them an attractive tool for determining disease mechanisms, predicting disease triggers, and testing treatment regimens. With this in mind, animal models of food allergy have been receiving increasing attention as research tools to answer some of the difficult ...
Battais F - - 2006
Wheat proteins are involved in respiratory allergy, contact allergy and food allergy. Wheat allergens involve in these pathologies are well-known. However, establishment of wheat allergy diagnostic can be sometimes difficult on account of the complex allergenic composition of skin prick test (SPT) solutions of wheat flour. Therefore, we have studied ...
Chang Chih-Ching - - 2006
In spring, windblown dust storms originating in the deserts of Mongolia and China head toward Taipei city. These occurrences are known as Asian dust storm (ADS) events. The objective of this study was to assess the possible associations of ADS on the daily clinical visits for allergic rhinitis of residents ...
Duranti Marcello - - 2006
Grain legumes are a valuable source of food proteins. Their exploitation is expected to grow in relation of a growing world's food needs. Moreover, it is currently taking place a reappraisal of the beneficial effects of legume seed dietary intake, which are the basis for various health claims. Proteins and ...
Douwes Jeroen - - 2006
Bacterial endotoxin, fungal (1 --> 3)-beta-D-glucans, and extracellular polysaccharides from Aspergillus and Penicillium (EPS-Asp/Pen) have been suggested to be stable markers of microbial exposure. This paper describes a pilot study in which we measured endotoxin, (1 --> 3)-beta-D-glucans, EPS-Asp/Pen and mite allergen in house dust collected in 32 homes in ...
Lin Jing - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The 2S albumins are a group of storage proteins that occur widely in seeds of dicotyledonous plants. The widespread distribution and stability to digestion of allergenic 2S albumins raise the question of why some members of this family present in important food sources, such as soybean, are not regarded ...
Liu Tao - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Staphylococcal enterotoxin B (SEB) is a potent immunomodulator and implicated with pathogenesis of inflammatory diseases mediated by Th1 or Th2 dominant immune responses. The objective of this study is to determine a possible association between rhinosinusitis derived SEB and pathogenesis of food allergy (FA). METHODS: The study included chronic ...
Motta A C - - 2006
BACKGROUND/AIM: Pollen cytoplasmic granules (PCG) are loaded with allergens. They are released from grass pollen grains following contact with water and can form a respirable allergenic aerosol. On the other hand, the traffic-related air pollutants NO2 and O3 are known to be involved in the current increase in the prevalence ...
Yamano Tetsuo - - 2006
The allergenicity and the cross-reactivity of naphthenic acid (NA) and its metallic salts were evaluated in experimental animals. In the guinea pig maximization test, sensitizing skin reactions were observed with cobalt naphthenate (CoN), zinc naphthenate (ZnN) and NA, but not with copper naphthenate, with CoN being the most potent sensitizer. ...
Oppel Tilmann - - 2006
The opium poppy, Papaver somniferum L., is the source of both poppy seeds and opium. The commercially available seeds are widely used as ingredients for various kinds of food. IgE-mediated sensitization to poppy seeds is rare, but, if present, clinical symptoms are usually severe. Cross-sensitizations between poppy seeds and other ...
Gore R B - - 2006
BACKGROUND: High-efficiency particulate-arrest-filter vacuum cleaners are recommended to allergy sufferers although their use increases personal cat allergen exposure. We aimed to measure personal mite allergen exposure during vacuum cleaning by nasal air sampling and to compare exposures while vacuuming and emptying the vacuum cleaner bag. METHODS: Five brand new high-efficiency ...
Kochuyt A M - - 2006
Among the methods currently used to demonstrate a sensitization to foods, the measurement of food specific IgE antibodies (sIgE) is the most practical but not the most accurate. The "sensitivity" of food sIgE determinations is, for example, suboptimal with unstable allergens in fruits and vegetables that are involved in the ...
Harju Anu - - 2006
We assessed the mite exposure of workers in Finnish groceries by collecting samples of settled dust in 5 different grocerys. Mites were counted and identified microscopically. Mite allergen (Der p 1 and Der f 1) content of dust was analyzed with 2-site ELISA. Mites were found in 20-100 % of ...
Nishimura Makoto - - 2006
Objectives of this work are to study changes in the immunoreactive HTGL mass during storage under various conditions. In addition, the shelf-life of the HTGL ELISA kit was confirmed. The immunological reactivity of HTGL in PHP stored in the liquid, frozen, or lyophilized state was monitored using purified human PHP-HTGL ...
Lelou B - - 2006
Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.) is an important food legume in the tropics. It belongs to the Phaseoleae (L.) tribe (Fabaceae family), it is diploid and its chromosome number is 22. Its gene pool includes the cultivated cowpea and its wild relatives, which are connected with Vigna subgenus, Catiang section. ...
Armbruster W Scott - - 2006
Here, we studied the floral morphology and pollination of the distylous plant Linum suffruticosum (Linaceae) in southern Spain. We observed a previously unreported form of distyly that involved twisting and bending of styles and stamens during floral development to achieve three-dimensional reciprocity of anthers and stigmas in the long-styled (pin) ...
Jeong Kyoung Yong - - 2006
The ingestion or inhalation of some proteins may lead to adverse immune reactions. Allergens may trigger allergic reactions in genetically predisposed individuals when they are absorbed through the skin or make contact with mucous membranes. An allergic disease often deteriorates the quality of life and may sometimes be life-threatening due ...
Herrera-Mozo Inmaculada - - 2006
The present investigation is undertaken to demonstrate a novel cross-reactivity between aeroallergens (moulds fungi imperfecti) and allergens from foods (spinach and mushroom Agaricus bisporus). We have performed a dual study in vivo and in vitro, in a population of atopic patients. Data from in vivo tests performed with spinach and ...
Weichel M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Food allergy to wheat and maize is an increasing factor of deterioration of life quality, especially childhood and can, in rare cases, even induce anaphylaxis. Although omega-5 gliadin from wheat and maize lipid transfer protein have been characterized as major cereal allergens on the molecular level, the list of ...
Rojas-Hijazo B - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Lupin is a herbaceous plant from the legume family whose seed allergens usually have cross-reaction with peanut. Lupin flour is used in human nutrition because of its high nutritional and functional qualities. AIMS: The aim of this work was to detect non-specified lupin proteins contained in several manufactured foods. ...
San Miguel-Moncín M M - - 2006
Although furry animals are known sources of respiratory allergy, scaly animals are assumed not to be allergenic. Exotic animals such as iguanas are becoming increasingly common pets. Nevertheless, these animals are not suspected to be allergenic. We present the case of a 42-year-old woman suffering from allergic rhinoconjunctivitis and asthma ...
Prescott Vanessa E - - 2006
The recent advances in biotechnology in the plant industry have led to increasing crop production and yield that in turn has increased the usage of genetically modified (GM) food in the human food chain. The usage of GM foods for human consumption has raised a number of fundamental questions including ...
Moreno F Javier - - 2005
Interactions with food components may alter the resistance of food proteins to digestion, a property thought to play an important role in determining allergenic properties. The kinetics of breakdown of the bovine milk allergen alpha-lactalbumin during in vitro gastrointestinal digestion was found to be altered by interactions with physiologically relevant ...
Wen Da-Chin - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Systemic anaphylaxis after the ingestion of mite-contaminated food has rarely been reported. OBJECTIVE: To describe an 8-year-old boy in whom systemic anaphylaxis developed shortly after the ingestion of pancakes prepared with commercial pancake flour. METHODS: The patient underwent skin prick testing for house dust mites and with uncontaminated and ...
Bolhaar S T H P - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Allergen-specific immunotherapy for food allergy has been hindered by severe side-effects in the past. Well-characterized hypo-allergenic recombinant food allergens potentially offer a safe solution. OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate hypo-allergenicity of a mutated major food allergen from apple, Mal d 1, in vitro and in vivo. METHODS: A mutant of the ...
Macan Jelena - - 2005
This study estimated the exposure to dust mites in various occupational environments in Croatia. In total, 29 occupational dust samples were collected: 10 from urban areas (offices, archive of an insurance company, tobacco, paper-recycling, fish-processing and textile plants, animal unit for experimental rats, winery), nine from rural areas (barley, hay, ...
Anger Elisabeth M - - 2006
Arum alpinum has a quite uncommon pollen wall. A sporopolleninous ektexine is missing. The outermost pollen wall layer is formed by the endexine which is covered by polysaccharidic ornamentation elements. An ontogenetical investigation was accomplished to clarify pollen-wall development, with special reference to callose and pollen-wall development. Plants of Arum ...
Schimek Eva Maria - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Food allergy to apples, hazelnuts, and celery is frequent in individuals with birch pollen allergy because IgE antibodies specific for the major birch pollen allergen, Bet v 1, cross-react with structurally related allergens in these foods. In addition, T lymphocytes specific for Bet v 1 also cross-react with these ...
Boden Mark - - 2005
Food allergy represents an increasingly important health problem, with prevalence in Western Europe continuing to rise. While some reactions are mild, others can include life-threatening anaphylactic shock. It is estimated that food allergies affect 1-2% of the adult population and < or =8% of children. Relatively few foods are to ...
Persyn J T - - 2005
Use of microencapsulation technology in combination with absorption enhancers eliminated epithelium irritation and necrosis commonly associated with nasal delivery of cytotoxic therapeutic agents. Phenothiazines, such as ethopropazine (ETZ), promethazine, trimeprazine and propiomazine have been used for the treatment of allergenic conditions, motion sickness, nausea, Parkinson's disease, Prion disease and as ...
Davies Howard V - - 2005
The European Food Safety Authority, following a request from the European Commission, has published a guidance document for the risk assessment of GM plants and derived food and feed to assist in the implementation of provisions of Regulation (EC) 1829/2003 of the European Parliament and Council on GM food and ...
Meredith Clive - - 2005
Concerns have been expressed that the introduction of novel foods into the diet might lead to the development of new food allergies in consumers. Novel foods can be conveniently divided into GM and non-GM categories. Decision-tree approaches (e.g. International Life Sciences Institute-International Food Biotechnology Council and WHO/FAO) to assess the ...
Nieuwenhuizen Natalie E - - 2005
Food allergy is defined as an adverse immunologic reaction to allergens present in food and is associated with symptoms ranging from gastrointestinal discomfort to anaphylactic shock and death. The increase in prevalence and potential fatality of disease has led to increased efforts to find effective therapies and prophylaxis. While specific ...
Caruso B - - 2005
BACKGROUND: It has been known for some time now that reactions to allergens, not only those inhaled but also those in food, varies with age in atopical patients. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the specific IgE positivity percentage in order to improve laboratory diagnosis in subjects with suspected food allergy. METHODS: The ...
Akkerdaas Jaap H - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Pepsin resistance of allergens like lipid transfer protein and 2S albumin has been suggested as explanation for the severity of symptoms often induced by these allergens. Component-resolved diagnosis with purified labile and stable allergens has therefore been proposed to better characterize the risk involved in a positive in vitro ...
Strid Jessica - - 2005
Most allergic, atopic and hypersensitive reactions are associated with Th2-biased immune responses and allergen-specific IgE antibodies. Pathological allergic disorders are on an alarming increase in the industrialized world. Understanding the mechanism of primary sensitization to allergens is important in elucidating the pathogenesis of these diseases and for possibly preventing their ...
Bohle B - - 2005
BACKGROUND: IgE antibodies specific for the major birch-pollen allergen, Bet v 1, cross-react with homologous allergens in particular foods, e.g. apples, carrots and hazelnuts. In a high number of tree pollen-allergic individuals, this cross-reactivity causes clinical symptoms, commonly known as the 'birch-fruit-syndrome'. OBJECTIVE: To characterize the T cell response to ...
Sugita S - - 2005
The impact cratering process on a comet is controversial but holds the key for interpreting observations of the Deep Impact collision with comet 9P/Tempel 1. Mid-infrared data from the Cooled Mid-Infrared Camera and Spectrometer (COMICS) of the Subaru Telescope indicate that the large-scale dust plume ejected by the impact contained ...
Sathe Shridhar K - - 2005
The ubiquitous presence of allergens in the human food supply coupled with increased awareness of food allergies warrants undertaking appropriate preventive measures to protect sensitive consumers from unwanted exposure to offending food allergens. Attempts to reduce or eliminate food allergenicity through food processing have met with mixed results. The rationale ...
Mills E N C - - 2005
Food allergies can be defined as IgE-mediated hypersensitivity reactions and are quite distinct from food intolerances, such as Coeliac disease, with symptoms usually appearing within a matter of minutes of exposure. Around 1-2% of adults and up to 5-7% of children suffer from some type of food allergy with foods ...
Korsgaard J - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Estimated indoor climate conditions in unheated summer cottages offers house-dust mites unfavorable temperature and feeding conditions while giving them optimum humidity conditions. We aimed to estimate the exposure level of house-dust mites in summer cottages. METHODS: A total of 37 summer cottages were sampled for house dust and storage ...
Sánchez-Monge Rosa - - 2005
This review summarizes the available in vitro, in vivo, and informatic methods designed to evaluate different aspects of the capacity of proteins to act as true food allergens. By now, there is no single method to fully assess the potential allergenicity of proteins. The characterization of many food allergens will ...
Knippels Léon M J - - 2005
The potential allergenicity of newly introduced proteins in genetically engineered foods has become an important safety evaluation issue. However, to evaluate the potential allergenicity and the potency of new proteins in our food, there are still no widely accepted and reliable test systems. The best-known allergy assessment proposal for foods ...
Breiteneder Heimo - - 2005
The three dominating plant food allergen groups belong to the prolamin and cupin superfamilies and to the family 10 of pathogenesis-related proteins. The prolamin superfamily comprises allergenic 2S albumins, nonspecific lipid transfer proteins and cereal alpha-amylase/trypsin inhibitors. These allergens have related structures and are stable to thermal processing and proteolysis. ...
Jensen-Jarolim Erika - - 2006
According to the state of the art two classes of food allergens exist: class 1 allergens are capable to sensitize as well as to trigger allergic reactions via the oral route. In contrast, class 2 food allergens do not sensitize orally because they are easily digested and thereby lose their ...
Asero Riccardo - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Molecular biology techniques have led to the identification of a number of allergens in vegetable foods, but due to the lack of purified food proteins for routine diagnostic use, the detection of sensitizing allergens remains a nearly impossible task in most clinical settings. The allergen-resolved diagnosis of food allergy ...
Batista Rita - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The safety issues regarding foods derived from genetically modified (GM) plants are central to their acceptance into the food supply. The potential allergenicity of proteins newly introduced in GM foods is a major safety concern. OBJECTIVE: We sought to monitor, in potentially sensitive human populations, the allergenicity effects of ...
Ben Rejeb S - - 2005
A multiresidue enzyme immunoassay was developed to check for the presence of markers of peanut, hazelnut, almond, cashew and Brazil nuts in a single run. The assay was designed under the competitive indirect format and adapted for screening purposes applied to chocolate samples. The limit of detection for this assay ...
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