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Results 251 - 300 of 819
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Mikita Cecilia P - - 2007
Tropomyosin is a major allergen in various foods, implicated in a spectrum of mild to life threatening systemic reactions. The incidence of allergy to tropomyosin varies greatly by species, with sensitivity to crab, shrimp, cockroach, and dust mite tropomyosins, among others, being the highest, while tropomyosins in vertebrate species are ...
Dearman Rebecca J - - 2007
Food allergy is an important health issue. With the increasing interest in novel foods derived from transgenic crop plants, there is a growing need for the development of approaches for the characterization of the allergenic potential of proteins. Although most foreign proteins are immunogenic (able to induce IgG antibody responses), ...
L'Hocine Lamia - - 2007
Soybean is considered one of the "big eight" foods that are believed to be responsible for 90% of all allergenic reactions. Soy allergy is of particular importance, because soybeans are widely used in processed foods and, therefore, represent a particularly insidious source of hidden allergens. Although significant advances have been ...
Oliveira Anibal R - - 2007
Although several generalist species of Pergalumna are known to be nematode predators, the potential of oribatid mites as natural enemies of phytonematodes has been underestimated. The objective of this work was to estimate the consumption rate of a Pergalumna sp. when feeding on two major pest nematodes, Meloidogyne javanica and ...
Pastorello Elide A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Three main problems hamper the identification of wheat food allergens: (1) lack of a standardized procedure for extracting all of the wheat protein fractions; (2) absence of double-blind, placebo-controlled food challenge studies that compare the allergenic profile of Osborne's three protein fractions in subjects with real wheat allergy, and ...
Beyer Kirsten - - 2007
Food allergy is a common disease with the treatment of choice being complete avoidance of the incriminated food. In cow's milk allergy a hypoallergenic milk substitute is necessary during infancy and childhood. Hypoallergenic formulas are produced through enzymatic hydrolysis of different sources such as bovine casein or whey followed by ...
Lawson-Balagbo L M - - 2007
The eriophyoid mite Aceria guerreronis Keifer (Eriophyidae), commonly called the coconut mite, is a key pest of coconut fruits. Surveys conducted on coconut palms in Brazil revealed the predatory mites Neoseiulus paspalivorus DeLeon (Phytoseiidae) and Proctolaelaps bickleyi Bram (Ascidae) as the most commonly associated natural enemies of A. guerreronis on ...
Ronchetti R - - 2007
The discrepancy between what the general public and specialist in allergic diseases regard as a true food allergy can in part depend on the frequent evidence of subjects in whom clinical symptoms elicited by a given food allergen are frequently not reproducible: this suggests the existence of allergens variably present ...
Stefanic Edita - - 2007
Pollen concentration in the atmosphere of Vinkovci (northeastern Croatia) has been analyzed using a Hirst-type volumetric spore trap. During the year 2005, 58 pollen types were recorded with the sum of annual totals of 14,011. The pollen spectrum reflected the floristic diversity of the region. Non-arboreal pollen predominantly contributed to ...
de Leon Maria P - - 2007
Peanut (Arachis hypogaea) allergy is a major cause of food-induced anaphylaxis, with increasing prevalence worldwide. To date, there is no cure for peanut allergy, and, unlike many other food allergies, it usually persists through to adulthood. Prevention of exposure to peanuts is managed through strict avoidance, which can be compromised ...
Odamaki T - - 2007
We have previously reported the results of a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial that found the intake of yogurt supplemented with a probiotic strain, Bifidobacterium longum BB536, alleviates symptoms and affects blood parameters in individuals with Japanese cedar pollinosis (JCPsis) during the pollen season. In the present study, fecal microbiota were ...
Martín-García C - - 2007
Many types of seafood require cooking before ingestion and it has been demonstrated that this cooking process may affect the antigenicity and allergenicity of the food. We describe a case of anaphylaxis caused by selective sensitization to razor shell, a mollusc. In vivo and in vitro studies confirmed sensitization to ...
Quiralte J - - 2007
This study analyzes the influence of the IgE response to certain olive pollen allergens in the modulation of the different clinical phenotypes of allergic disease and their relationship with the level of exposure to pollen and genetic factors. Patients from high-exposure areas had a complex IgE antibody response to allergens ...
Moreno F Javier - - 2007
This paper reviews the in vitro digestion models developed to assess the stability digestion of food allergens, as well as the factors derived from the methodology and food structure that may affect the assay results. The adequacy of using the digestion stability of food allergens as a criterion for assessing ...
Zhang Zong Hong ZH Institute for Infocomm Research, 21 Heng Mui Keng Terrace, Singapore 119613. - - 2007
Assessment of potential allergenicity and patterns of cross-reactivity is necessary whenever novel proteins are introduced into human food chain. Current bioinformatic methods in allergology focus mainly on the prediction of allergenic proteins, with no information on cross-reactivity patterns among known allergens. In this study, we present AllerTool, a web server ...
Fuiano N - - 2006
A case of anaphylaxis to honey in a 19 year old female sensitized to Compositae pollen is described. The patient suffered from summer rhinoconjunctivitis since seven years; in January 2006, ten minutes after eating bread and honey she developed angioedema of the lips and tongue, runny nose, cough, dyspnoea, and ...
Schram-Bijkerk D - - 2006
Dust collection by study participants instead of fieldworkers would be a practical and cost-effective alternative in large-scale population studies estimating exposure to indoor allergens and microbial agents. We aimed to compare dust weights and biological agent levels in house dust samples taken by study participants with nylon socks, with those ...
Mari Adriano - - 2006
Allergens are proteins or glycoproteins that are recognized by IgE produced by the immune system of allergic individuals. Until now around 1,500 allergenic structures have been identified and this number seems not have reached a plateau after 3-4 decades of research and the advent of molecular biology. Several allergen databases ...
Asero R - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Allergen-resolved diagnosis of food allergy may be essential in the clinical practice, particularly in patients allergic to foods that may contain both labile and stable allergens. However, presently available diagnostic tests are not useful in this sense. OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinical usefulness of SPT with a heat-processed apple ...
Crevel R W R - - 2007
A structured approach to assess the risk to allergic individuals from food allergens requires as a first step the experimental measurement of minimum eliciting doses in a population that is as representative as possible of the relevant allergic population, using a standardised protocol. These doses are established in controlled challenge ...
Perry Tamara T - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Room characteristics predicting indoor allergen exposure in suburban homes have not been clearly identified. OBJECTIVE: To examine relationships between room characteristics and concentrations of indoor allergens in homes of suburban asthmatic patients. METHODS: The homes of 339 asthmatic children ages 6 to 17 years were studied. Home inspections were ...
Pitsios Constantinos - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Physicians who practice alternative medicine often prescribe bee pollen as a food supplement and a treatment for various ailments. OBJECTIVES: To determine the qualitative and quantitative composition of bee pollen and to investigate the cutaneous reactivity of atopic patients to bee pollen extracts. METHODS: The absolute number of pollen ...
Ridolo E - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Aeroallergens and the environment play an important role in the pathogenesis of respiratory allergies. In a 12-year study carried out in Northern Italy (geographic area of Parma), the effects of airborne pollen and meteorological conditions on the incidence of allergic asthma and rhinoconjunctivitis were evaluated. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Among ...
Hirao Takashi - - 2006
A novel quantitative and specific method for detection of buckwheat, a known food allergen, in diverse food materials was developed by using a unique internal standard to compensate for the variability in DNA extraction and amplification efficiencies. The method was based on a real-time PCR targeting the internal transcribed spacer ...
Sun Fei - - 2006
A complex involving Derlin-1 and p97 mediates the retrotranslocation and endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-associated degradation of misfolded proteins in yeast and is used by certain viruses to promote host cell protein degradation (Romisch, K. (2005) Annu. Rev. Cell Dev. Biol. 21, 435-456; Lilley, B. N., and Ploegh, H. L. (2004) Nature ...
Airola Kristiina - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Respiratory allergy to environmental molds is relatively common, and fungal allergen-specific reactivity seems to cluster in certain persons. However, generalized reactions caused by ingested fungi have seldom been described. OBJECTIVE: To describe a mold-sensitized patient who developed multiple anaphylactic reactions after ingesting a yeast preparation widely used by the ...
Liu Tiangang - - 2006
The polyketide synthase (PKS) for the biosynthesis of the polyether nanchangmycin lacks an apparent thioesterase comparable to the type I thioesterase domains of the modular PKSs responsible for macrolide biosynthesis. Three candidate polyether chain-releasing factors were examined. Both the putative CR domain and the NanE protein appeared to be genetically ...
Ciftci Ihsan Hakki - - 2006
House dust mites play an important role in the pathogenesis of allergic diseases. Many factors may influence mite growth. The presence of mites is related to mean temperature and humidity as well as altitude. The aim of this study was to analyze the mite fauna in 5 regions of western ...
Maloney Jennifer M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Exposure to food allergens through saliva (kissing, utensils) can cause local and systemic allergic reactions. OBJECTIVE: To determine the time course of peanut allergen (Ara h 1) persistence in saliva after ingestion of peanut butter and to evaluate mouth cleansing interventions to reduce salivary peanut allergen. METHODS: Thirty-eight individuals ...
Lorenz Yvonne - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Today, for patients with food allergy, the only possibility to prevent allergic reactions is avoidance of the allergenic food. Genetic engineering of hypoallergenic plants by means of RNA interference (RNAi) could be an approach to improve the quality of life of subjects with food allergy. OBJECTIVES: We sought to ...
Vlieg-Boerstra B J - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this investigation was to verify if avoidance of allergenic foods in children adhering to a food allergen avoidance diet from birth was complete and feasible, and whether dietary assessment can be used as a tool in predicting the outcome of double-blind, placebo-controlled food challenges (DBPCFCs). DESIGN: ...
Niggemann B - - 2006
Specific oral tolerance in food allergy can be induced by oral administration of the offending food, starting with very low dosages, gradually increasing the daily dosage up to an amount equivalent to a usually relevant dose for daily intake, followed up by a daily maintenance dose. Unfortunately, the body of ...
Cantani A - - 2006
The development of techniques devised for the genetic manipulation of foods poses new risks for children with food allergy (FA). The introduction of foreign allergenic proteins from different foods into previously tolerated foods may trigger allergic reactions, often complicating with anaphylactic shock in a subset of allergic babies. Children with ...
Fernández-Rivas Montserrat - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Allergy to a plant food can either result from direct sensitization to that food or from primary sensitization to pollen, latex, or another food. OBJECTIVE: We sought to investigate the primary sensitizers in apple allergy across Europe, the individual allergens involved, and whether these differences determine the clinical presentation. ...
Sánchez-Monge Rosa - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Chestnut allergy has been almost exclusively considered in the context of the latex-fruit syndrome. Chestnut allergens not linked to latex hypersensitivity have not been studied. OBJECTIVE: We sought to explore whether differences in sensitization patterns between chestnut allergy with or without associated latex-fruit syndrome can be detected. METHODS: Twelve ...
Svendsen Erik - - 2006
The High Volume Small Surface Sampler (HVS3) is a dust-sampling vacuum that allows for set airflow and back pressure during sampling, increasing precision. Total dust collection efficiency of the HVS3 has been evaluated only on new carpets-not worn carpets. We performed a factorial study to assess the impact of carpet ...
Palmer Kricia - - 2006
Peanut allergy is among the most serious, life-threatening food sensitivities, and recent studies indicate increasing prevalence, particularly among children. Our objective is to highlight recent advances in the immunology and treatment of peanut allergy. Peanut sensitization may be both a Th1- and Th2-driven process, and cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated antigen 4 (CTLA-4) ...
Shek Lynette Pei-Chi - - 2006
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Food allergy is increasing in prevalence in Western populations, but little is known about it in Asia. The perception is that the prevalence in this region is low, but is likely to increase with the global increase in allergy. Asia is unique because of the many different ...
Zeledón Rodrigo - - 2006
An ecological control method, using environmental management operations, based on biological and behavioral characteristics of Triatoma dimidiata (Latreille, 1811), was implemented as a pilot project in an area of Costa Rica where the bug is prevalent. The sample was represented by 20 houses with peridomestic colonies (two also had indoor ...
Taylor Steve L - - 2006
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The ingredient statement on the label of packaged foods is an important source of information for food-allergic consumers. New legislation in the USA and European Union will increase the amount of information available to food-allergic consumers. RECENT FINDINGS: The USA has implemented the Food Allergen Labeling & ...
Lidholm Jonas - - 2006
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this paper is to review and discuss recent studies on component-resolved diagnostics in food allergy, involving panels of pure allergen molecules or arrays of peptides derived from allergen sequences, and to summarize the reporting of new food allergens during the past 2 years. RECENT ...
Buggs Richard J A - - 2006
Interspecific hybridization is recognized as a potentially destructive process that represents a major threat to biodiversity. The rate of population displacement by hybridization can be rapid, but underlying mechanisms are often obscure. One hypothesis is that a species may be driven to extinction by interspecific gene flow, or pollen swamping, ...
Bohle Barbara - - 2006
The major birch pollen allergen Bet v 1 cross-reacts with homologous food allergens, resulting in IgE-mediated oral allergy syndromes (OASs). To avoid this food, allergy allergologists and guidebooks advise patients to consume birch pollen-related foods after heating. We sought to evaluate whether cooked Bet v 1-related food allergens induce IgE- ...
Asero R - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Ragweed and mugwort have nearly identical flowering periods. Clinical and serological studies showed that ragweed and mugwort sensitization are often associated and this poses relevant clinical problems in patients for whom specific immunotherapy is warranted. OBJECTIVE: To establish whether the concurrent ragweed and mugwort pollen hypersensitivity is the result ...
Yman Ingrid Malmheden - - 2006
An optical biosensor was used to develop both direct and sandwich immunoassays for the detection of proteins from milk, egg, hazelnut, peanut, shellfish, and sesame in food samples. Affinity-purified polyclonal antibodies raised against the proteins were immobilized on the biosensor chip. Food samples were injected and the proteins that bound ...
Lehmann Katrin - - 2006
Resistance to proteolytic enzymes and heat is thought to be a prerequisite property of food allergens. Allergens from peanut (Arachis hypogaea) are the most frequent cause of fatal food allergic reactions. The allergenic 2S albumin Ara h 2 and the homologous minor allergen Ara h 6 were studied at the ...
Yano H - - 2006
Phthalocyanine (Pc)-dyed fiber is reported to reduce atopic symptoms in some patients when they use underwear made of the fiber. We investigated the adsorption of allergens on Pc-fiber. Pc-fiber trapped house dust/pollen/food allergens with varied molecular weight and pI. The adsorbed allergens were released in the presence of mild detergent. ...
Bohle Barbara - - 2006
During recent years, a great deal of research has focused on the identification of food allergens, their characterization at the molecular level, and the investigation of immunological mechanisms responsible for food hypersensitivity. Allergen-reactive T-helper 2 cells play a central role in the pathophysiology of allergic diseases. After activation with allergens, ...
Egger M - - 2006
Pollinosis patients often display adverse reactions upon the ingestion of plant-derived foods as a result of immunoglobulin E (IgE) cross-reactive structures shared by pollen and food allergen sources. The symptoms of such pollen-food syndromes (PFS) or class 2 food allergies range from local oral allergy syndrome to severe systemic anaphylaxis. ...
Asero R - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Allergy to lipid transfer protein (LTP) is quite common in the Mediterranean countries but virtually absent in Northern Europe. The reasons for this latitude-dependent distribution are unclear. One hypothesis is that peach, the primary sensitizer to LTP, may lose in part its allergenicity as a consequence of treatments (handling, ...
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