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ńĆepanko, Violeta
From the point of view of biological toxicity the most toxic radionuclides are man-made 90Sr and 137Cs because the behavoir of both of them is similar to stable calcium and potassium in the body. Fish is the last part of the hydrosystem chain which accumulates pollutants. The aim of this ...
Wang Guangfeng G Key Laboratory of Chem-Biosensing, Anhui Province, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu 241000, PR China; Key Laboratory of Functional Molecular Solids, Anhui Province, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu 241000, PR China; College of Chemistry and Materials Science, Center for Nano Science and Technology, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu 241000, PR China; State Key Laboratory of Chemo/Biosensing and Chemometrics, Hunan University, Changsha 410082, PR China. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study presents a novel dual hairpin-like molecular beacon (MB) for the selective and sensitive detection of melamine (MA) based on the conjugation of MA and thymine. In this protocol, the coordination between coralyne and adenosine (A) leaded a dual hairpin-like MB and the fluorophore-quencher pair is close proximity resulting ...
Alhadeff Amber L AL University of Pennsylvania - - 2014
Pontine parabrachial nucleus (PBN) neurons integrate visceral, oral, and other sensory information playing an integral role in the neural control of feeding. Current experiments probed whether lateral PBN (lPBN) leptin receptor (LepRb) signaling contributes to this function. Intra-lPBN leptin microinjection significantly reduced cumulative chow intake, average meal size, and body ...
Levone Brunno Rocha BR Department of Physiological Sciences, Centre of Biological Sciences, Federal University of Santa Catarina (UFSC), Florianopolis, SC, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
The present study evaluated the involvement of α-adrenoceptors of the median raphe nucleus (MRN) in satiated rats, in food and water intake and motor behaviour. Control groups were treated with saline (SAL) or adrenaline (ADR), injected into the MRN seven minutes after injection of the vehicle used to solubilize the ...
Olsen Sjurdur F SF Centre for Fetal Programming, Department of Epidemiology Research, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark; Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, - - 2014
To elucidate the research possibilities when merging data from the Danish National Birth Cohort (DNBC) and the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study (MoBa), through comparison of 1) the methodology used for dietary assessment and 2) the estimated intake of selected food groups in the two cohorts. Qualitative and quantitative ...
Lima Natália da Silva ND Laboratory of Endocrine Physiology, Department of Physiological Sciences, Roberto Alcantara Gomes Biology Institute, State University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, 20551-030, - - 2014
we evaluated the effects of yerba mate treatment over 30days on body weight, food intake, hypothalamic leptin action and inflammatory profile in adult rats that were weaned early. to induce early weaning, the teats of lactating rats were blocked with a bandage to interrupt milk access for the last 3days ...
Druml Barbara B Department of Analytical Chemistry, University of Vienna, Währinger Straße 38, A-1090 Vienna, - - 2014
DNA based methods play an increasing role in food safety control and food adulteration detection. Recent papers show that high resolution melting (HRM) analysis is an interesting approach. It involves amplification of the target of interest in the presence of a saturation dye by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and ...
Cameron Courtney M CM Department of Psychology, The University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, - - 2014
Electrophysiological studies show that distinct subsets of nucleus accumbens (NAc) neurons differentially encode information about goal-directed behaviors for intravenous cocaine versus natural (food/water) rewards. Further, NAc rapid dopamine signaling occurs on a timescale similar to phasic cell firing during cocaine and natural reward-seeking behaviors. However, it is not known whether ...
Rahman Nor Amira Abdul NA School of Biological Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 USM, Pulau Pinang, - - 2014
We conducted a series of experiments to test the numerical competency of two species of birds, Corvus splendens (House Crow) and Acridotheres tristis (Common Myna). Both species were allowed to choose from seven different groups of mealworms with varying proportions. We considered the birds to have made a correct choice ...
Lebersorger S S Institute of Waste Management, Department of Water, Atmosphere and Environment, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Muthgasse 107, Vienna, A-1190 Wien, Austria. Electronic address: - - 2014
This paper quantifies food loss rates for fruit & vegetables, dairy products and bread & pastry as well as donations to social services. In addition potential influencing factors and reasons for food losses are investigated in order to provide a basis for the development of waste prevention measures. Detailed data ...
Díaz-García Miriam Cristina MC Dpto. Ingeniería Química y Ambiental, Universidad Politécnica Cartagena, Pº Alfonso XIII, 52, Cartagena, - - 2014
Anthocyanins and other polyphenols from flowers and bracts of Thymus sp are studied. An anthocyanin-rich food colorant with interesting high antioxidant activity from Thymus moroderi has been obtained, and applied to color foods. Anthocyanins and other polyphenols from Thymus moroderi and other five Thymus sp were extracted in methanol/hydrochloric acid ...
Popp Walter W Institute for Hygiene, University Hospital, University Duisburg-Essen, Essen, - - 2014
Background/Aims: The incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in Mongolia is growing at an alarming rate. Traditional dried food was suggested as the major reason for high HCC numbers, due to possible aflatoxin contamination during manufacturing. We thus aimed to measure aflatoxin concentrations in Mongolian food samples. Methods: Samples of traditional ...
Pucher Johannes J a Institute of Aquaculture Systems and Animal Nutrition in the Tropics and Subtropics (480B) , University of Hohenheim , Stuttgart , - - 2014
Small, semi-intensively managed aquaculture ponds contribute significantly to the food security of small-scale farmers around the world. However, little is known about nutrient flows within natural food webs in such ponds in which fish production depends on the productivity of natural food resources. (15)N was applied as ammonium at 1.1 ...
Berggren Martin - - 2014
The importance of terrestrial-derived organic matter for lake zooplankton communities remains debated, partly because little is known about the basic pathways by which allochthonous carbon is transferred to zooplankton, and whether these vary among the major taxonomic and functional groups. We quantified allochthony of three zooplankton groups (Cladocera, Calanoida, and ...
Kasahara Kohei K Yakult Central Institute for Microbiological Research, 1796 Yaho, Kunitachi, Tokyo, 186-8650, - - 2014
Rapid detection of yeast contamination is important in the food industry. We have developed loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assays to detect the emerging opportunistic pathogenic yeasts: Candida albicans, Candida glabrata, Candida tropicalis, the Candida parapsilosis group, Trichosporon asahii and Trichosporon mucoides. These yeasts may cause deep-seated candidiasis or trichosporonosis. Four ...
Nielen Michel W F MW RIKILT Wageningen UR, P.O. Box 230, 6700 AE, Wageningen, The Netherlands, - - 2014
Laser-ablation electrospray ionization (LAESI) mass spectrometry imaging (MSI) does not require very flat surfaces, high-precision sample preparation, or the addition of matrix. Because of these features, LAESI-MSI may be the method of choice for spatially-resolved food analysis. In this work, LAESI time-of-flight MSI was investigated for macroscopic and microscopic imaging ...
Svobodova Marketa M Nanobiotechnology and Bioanalysis Group, Department of Chemical Engineering, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, 43007 Tarragona, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
Lupine has been increasingly used in food applications due to its high nutritional value and excellent functional properties. However, there has been a response to the increasing number of severe cases of lupine allergies reported during the last decade, and as a result lupine was recently added to the list ...
Wiid Roelof E RE Department of Zoology and Entomology, University of the Free State, P.O. Box 339, Bloemfontein, 9300, South - - 2014
Frequent reports of rock hyrax (Procavia capensis) invasions in residential areas led to the investigation of this problem as well as identification of possible solutions. From these reports, problem areas in South Africa were identified and sites within the Free State Province were selected for this study. At these sites ...
Zahradnik Celine C Institute of Chemical Engineering, IFA-Tulln, Center for Analytical Chemistry, Vienna University of Technology, Konrad Lorenz Str. 20, 3430, Tulln, - - 2014
Since 2005, celery and celery products have to be labeled according to Directive 2003/89/EC due to their allergenic potential. In order to provide a DNA-based, rapid and simple detection method suitable for high-throughput analysis, a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay for the detection of celery (Apium graveolens) was developed. The ...
Taboada Ledicia - - 2014
Species-specific PCR-ELISA assays for the identification of Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua), Alaska pollock (Gadus chalcogrammus) and Ling (Molva molva) in food products have been developed. The method, comprising a set of primers common to the first two species, a set of primers for Molva molva and a probe for each ...
Chow Cheuk-Fai CF Department of Science and Environmental Studies, The Hong Kong Institute of Education, 10 Lo Ping Road, Tai Po, Hong Kong SAR, China. - - 2014
Detection of neutral biogenic sulfides plays a crucial role in food safety. A new heterobimetallic Re(i)-Pt(ii) donor-acceptor complex-[Re(biq)(CO)3(CN)]-[Pt(DMSO)(Cl)2] (, biq = 2,2'-biquinoline)-was synthesized and characterized. The X-ray crystallographic and photophysical data for are reported in this study. Complex indicated the luminescent chemodosimetric selectivity for dimethyl sulfide, which persisted even in ...
El Sheikha Aly Farag AF a Universiti Putra Malaysia , Halal Products Research Institute , 43400 UPM Serdang , Selangor , Darul Ehsan , - - 2014
ABSTRACT Traceability of seafood is a much needed service for the seafood industry. Current ways of tracing seafood are minimal while tracing of shellfish is nearly nonexistent. Tracing fish and shellfish are necessary for indicating where the fish and shellfish were fished from, farmed and packed from. This study reviews ...
Heroult Julien J LGC Limited, Queens Road, Teddington, Middlesex, TW11 0LY, - - 2014
This work represents a first systematic approach to the size-based elemental quantification and size estimation of metal(loid) oxide nanoparticles such as silica (SiO2) in a real food matrix using asymmetric flow field-flow fractionation coupled online with inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) and multi-angle light scattering (MALS) and offline with ...
Neng N R NR University of Lisbon, Faculty of Sciences, Chemistry and Biochemistry Department and Center of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Campo Grande Ed. C8, 1749-016, Lisbon, - - 2014
In this contribution, bar adsorptive microextraction coated with a mixed-mode anion exchange/reversed phase followed by liquid desorption was combined for the first time with capillary electrophoresis-diode array detection (BAμE(MAX)-LD/CE-DAD) for the determination of phenolic acids, using chlorogenic, ferulic, cumaric and caffeic acids as model compounds in food matrices. Assays performed ...
Bian Liujiao - - 2014
Due to the high toxicity of silver (I) ions, a method for the rapid, sensitive and selective detection for silver (I) ions in water, pharmaceutical products and food is of great importance. Herein, a novel single-labeled fluorescent oligonucleotide (OND) probe based on cytosine-Ag(I)-cytosine coordination and the inherent fluorescence quenching ability ...
Xu Yun-Ming - - 2014
Yersinia enterocolitica (YE) is a main pathogenic bacterium causing diarrhea and yersiniosis occurs in both developed and developing countries with high incidence. YE in contaminated food is able to survive for a long duration even under cold storage, thereby enhancing the risk of food infection. In this study, a new ...
Tallent Sandra M - - 2014
Guam school children and faculty members experienced symptoms of vomiting, nausea, abdominal cramps, and diarrhea shortly after eating breakfast prepared by contracted caterers. The first illness was reported within an hour after breakfast, affecting 295 students and two faculty members. Local hospitals treated 130 people, and 61 were admitted for ...
Lin Shan-Yang SY a Department of Biotechnology , Yuanpei University , Hsin-Chu , Taiwan , - - 2014
Abstract This review discusses an analytical technique that combines differential scanning calorimetry and Fourier-transform infrared (DSC-FTIR) microspectroscopy, which simulates the accelerated stability test and detects decomposition products simultaneously in real time. We show that the DSC-FTIR technique is a fast, simple and powerful analytical tool with applications in food sciences. ...
Stevens Laura J LJ 1Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, - - 2014
Artificial food colors (AFCs) are used to color many beverages, foods, and sweets in the United States and throughout the world. In the United States, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) limits the AFCs allowed in the diet to 9 different colors. The FDA certifies each batch of manufactured AFCs ...
Doudrick Kyle - - 2014
Titanium dioxide (TiO2) is widely used in food products, which will eventually enter wastewater treatment plants and terrestrial or aquatic environments, yet little is known about the fraction of this TiO2 that is nano-scale, or the physical and chemical properties of TiO2 that influence its human and environmental fate or ...
Langer Swen S Department of Applied Sciences, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Ellison Building, Northumbria University, Newcastle Upon Tyne NE1 8ST, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
Water-soluble vitamins are an important class of compounds that require quantification from food sources to monitor nutritional value. In this study we have analysed six water-soluble B vitamins ([thiamine (B1), riboflavin (B2), nicotinic acid (B3, NAc), nicotinamide (B3, NAm), pyridoxal (B6), folic acid (B9)], and ascorbic acid (vit C) with ...
Howard Allison M AM Department of Psychology, University of Georgia, Athens, - - 2014
Prior studies have claimed that nonhuman primates plan their routes multiple steps in advance. However, a recent reexamination of multi-step route planning in nonhuman primates indicated that there is no evidence for planning more than one step ahead. We tested multi-step route planning in capuchin monkeys using a pointing device ...
Kussaga Jamal B JB Department of Food Safety and Food Quality, Laboratory of Food Preservation and Food Microbiology, Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, University of Ghent; Coupure Links, 653, 9000 Ghent, Belgium; Department of Food Science and Technology, Faculty of Agriculture, Sokoine University of Agriculture, P.O. Box 3006, Morogoro, Tanzania. - - 2014
This study provides insight for food safety (FS) performance in light of the current performance of core FS management system (FSMS) activities and context riskiness of these systems to identify the opportunities for improvement of the FSMS. A FSMS diagnostic instrument was applied to assess the performance levels of FSMS ...
Handberg Eric E Jiangxi Key Laboratory for Mass Spectrometry and Instrumentation, Department of Applied Chemistry, East China Institute of Technology, Nanchang, 330013, P.R. - - 2014
The demand for rapid chemical imaging of food products steadily increases. Mass spectrometry (MS) is featured by excellent molecular specificity of analysis and is, therefore, a very attractive method for chemical profiling. MS for food imaging has increased significantly over the past decade, aided by the emergence of various ambient ...
Kim Tae-Hyeong - - 2014
This paper describes a micro total analysis system for molecular analysis of Salmonella, a major food-borne pathogen. We developed a centrifugal microfluidic device, which integrated the three main steps of pathogen detection-DNA extraction, isothermal recombinase polymerase amplification (RPA), and detection-onto a single disc. A single laser diode was utilized for ...
Meng Hong-Lian HL College of Food and Bioengineering, Jiangsu University, 301 Xuefu Road, Zhenjiang, 212013, - - 2014
A new assay was developed for the determination of five quinolone antibiotic residues in foods, loxacin, enrofloxacin, ciprofloxacin, lomefloxacin, and norfloxacin, by micellar electrokinetic capillary chromatography with indirect laser-induced fluorescence, in which cadmium telluride quantum dots were used as a fluorescent background substance. Some factors that affected the peak height ...
Ding Meng M Department of Nutrition, Dietetics, and Hospitality Management, Auburn University, AL, - - 2014
To identify sub-populations at risk for diabetes based on having prediabetes. Although food insecurity has been linked to diabetes, to our knowledge, no studies have examined whether food insecure individuals are more likely than fully food secure individuals to have undiagnosed prediabetes. This study was based on a cross-sectional analysis ...
Li Ying-Sing YS Department of Chemistry, University of Memphis, Memphis, TN 38152, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Raman scattering is an inelastic phenomenon. Although its cross section is very small, recent advances in electronics, lasers, optics, and nanotechnology have made Raman spectroscopy suitable in many areas of application. The present article reviews the applications of Raman spectroscopy in food and drug analysis and inspection, including those associated ...
Todescato Francesco F Department of Chemical Sciences and INSTM, University of Padova, Via Marzolo 1, I-35131 Padova, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Easy, sensitive, rapid and low cost ochratoxin biosensors are strongly demanded in food analysis since Ochratoxin A (OTA) is a widely diffused food contaminant, highly detrimental for human health. In this work, a novel plasmonic based optical biosensor prototype for ochratoxin A is described. It exploits the metal-enhanced fluorescence phenomenon ...
de Andrade Francisca Ivani FI Department of Public Health, State University of Ceará, - - 2014
Synthetic food colourings were analyzed on commercial carbonated orange and grape soft drinks produced in Ceará State, Brazil. Tartrazine (E102), Amaranth (E123), Sunset Yellow (E110) and Brilliant Blue (E133) were extracted from soft drinks using C18 SPE and identified by thin layer chromatography (TLC), this method was used to confirm ...
Mesch Christina M CM Research Institute of Child Nutrition (FKE), Heinstueck 11, D-44225 Dortmund, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Already infants do not meet the recommendations for fruit and vegetable intake although the complementary feeding period offers the possibility to expose the infant to a variety of flavours from fruits and vegetables. The objective of the present analysis was to identify differences in the vegetable variety in commercial vs. ...
Guo Xiaodong X Ministry of Agriculture Laboratory of Quality & Safety Risk Assessment for Dairy Products (Beijing), Institute of Animal Science, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100193, PR China; College of Animal Science and Technology, Xinjiang Agricultural University, Urumchi 830000, PR China; Ministry of Agriculture-Milk and Dairy Product Inspection Center (Beijing), Beijing 100193, PR - - 2014
Contamination of feed and food by aflatoxin B1 (AFB1), one of the most toxic of the mycotoxins, is a global concern. To prevent food safety scares, and avoid subsequent economic losses due to the recall of contaminated items, methods for the rapid, sensitive and specific detection of AFB1 at trace ...
Liu Congcong C Key Laboratory of Analysis and Detection Technology for Food Safety, Ministry of Education, Department of Chemistry, Fuzhou University, Fuzhou 350002, - - 2014
A simple and rapid fluorescence method has been developed for the determination of acrylamide in heat-processed food samples. In the determination, acrylamide is degraded through Hofmann reaction to generate vinyl amine, and pyrrolinone is produced when the vinyl amine reacts with fluorescamine, resulting in a strong fluorescence emission at 480nm. ...
Amodio M M Department of Chemistry, University of Bari, Bari, Apulia Region, 70126, - - 2014
In order to assess indoor air quality (IAQ), two 1-week monitoring campaigns of volatile organic compounds (VOC) were performed in different areas of a multistorey shopping mall. High-spatial-resolution monitoring was conducted at 32 indoor sites located in two storehouses and in different departments of a supermarket. At the same time, ...
Lv Zhenzhen Z College of Food Science, Sichuan Agricultural University, Ya'an, China ; Institute of Quality Standards & Testing Technology for Agro-Products, Key Laboratory of Agro-product Quality and Safety, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing, China ; Key Laboratory of Agri-Food Quality and Safety, Ministry of Agriculture, Beijing, - - 2014
Ochratoxin A(OTA) is found to be one of the predominant contaminating mycotoxins in a wide variety of food commodities. To avoid the risk of OTA consumption, the detection and quantitation of OTA level are of great significance. Based on the fact that ssDNA aptamer has the ability to form a ...
Grombe Ringo R European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements (IRMM), Retieseweg 111, 2440, Geel, - - 2014
A set of four reference materials for the detection and quantification of silica nanoparticles (NPs) in food was produced as a proof of principle exercise. Neat silica suspensions were ampouled, tested for homogeneity and stability, and characterized for total silica content as well as particle diameter by dynamic light scattering ...
Andersen Maj-Britt Schmidt MB Department of Nutrition Exercise and Sports, Faculty of Science, University of Copenhagen, Rolighedsvej 30, 1958, Frederiksberg C, Denmark, - - 2014
While metabolomics is increasingly used to investigate the food metabolome and identify new markers of food exposure, limited attention has been given to the validation of such markers. The main objectives of the present study were to (1) discover potential food exposure markers (PEMs) for a range of plant foods ...
Ren Linlin L State Key Laboratory of Medicinal Chemical Biology and College of Pharmacy, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071, China; Tianjin Key Laboratory of Molecular Drug Research, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071, - - 2014
A rapid and sensitive fluorescence polarization immunoassay (FPIA), based on a polyclonal antibody, has been developed for the detection of sodium benzoate in spiked samples. The immunogen and fluorescein-labeled analyte conjugate were successfully synthesized, and the tracer was purified by TLC. Under the optimal assay conditions, the FPIA shows a ...
Wight Vanessa V Columbia University School of Social Work, 1255 Amsterdam Avenue, New York, NY - - 2014
This paper examines the association between poverty and food insecurity among children, using two different definitions of poverty-the official poverty measure (OPM) and the new supplemental poverty measure (SPM) of the Census Bureau, which is based on a more inclusive definition of family resources and needs. Our analysis is based ...
Nakamura Rika - - 2014
Immunoblot-coupled proteomics based on two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (2D-PAGE), namely, immunoproteomics, has been used for comprehensive identification of food allergens, because it is a simple and inexpensive tool for rapid identification of several IgE-binding proteins. In this section, we describe our protocols for identification of food allergens using immunoproteomics and ...
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