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Čepanko, Violeta
From the point of view of biological toxicity the most toxic radionuclides are man-made 90Sr and 137Cs because the behavoir of both of them is similar to stable calcium and potassium in the body. Fish is the last part of the hydrosystem chain which accumulates pollutants. The aim of this ...
Howard Allison M AM Department of Psychology, University of Georgia, Athens, - - 2014
Prior studies have claimed that nonhuman primates plan their routes multiple steps in advance. However, a recent reexamination of multi-step route planning in nonhuman primates indicated that there is no evidence for planning more than one step ahead. We tested multi-step route planning in capuchin monkeys using a pointing device ...
Kussaga Jamal B JB Department of Food Safety and Food Quality, Laboratory of Food Preservation and Food Microbiology, Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, University of Ghent; Coupure Links, 653, 9000 Ghent, Belgium; Department of Food Science and Technology, Faculty of Agriculture, Sokoine University of Agriculture, P.O. Box 3006, Morogoro, Tanzania. - - 2014
This study provides insight for food safety (FS) performance in light of the current performance of core FS management system (FSMS) activities and context riskiness of these systems to identify the opportunities for improvement of the FSMS. A FSMS diagnostic instrument was applied to assess the performance levels of FSMS ...
Handberg Eric E Jiangxi Key Laboratory for Mass Spectrometry and Instrumentation, Department of Applied Chemistry, East China Institute of Technology, Nanchang, 330013, P.R. - - 2014
The demand for rapid chemical imaging of food products steadily increases. Mass spectrometry (MS) is featured by excellent molecular specificity of analysis and is, therefore, a very attractive method for chemical profiling. MS for food imaging has increased significantly over the past decade, aided by the emergence of various ambient ...
Kim Tae-Hyeong - - 2014
This paper describes a micro total analysis system for molecular analysis of Salmonella, a major food-borne pathogen. We developed a centrifugal microfluidic device, which integrated the three main steps of pathogen detection-DNA extraction, isothermal recombinase polymerase amplification (RPA), and detection-onto a single disc. A single laser diode was utilized for ...
Meng Hong-Lian HL College of Food and Bioengineering, Jiangsu University, 301 Xuefu Road, Zhenjiang, 212013, - - 2014
A new assay was developed for the determination of five quinolone antibiotic residues in foods, loxacin, enrofloxacin, ciprofloxacin, lomefloxacin, and norfloxacin, by micellar electrokinetic capillary chromatography with indirect laser-induced fluorescence, in which cadmium telluride quantum dots were used as a fluorescent background substance. Some factors that affected the peak height ...
Ding Meng M Department of Nutrition, Dietetics, and Hospitality Management, Auburn University, AL, - - 2014
To identify sub-populations at risk for diabetes based on having prediabetes. Although food insecurity has been linked to diabetes, to our knowledge, no studies have examined whether food insecure individuals are more likely than fully food secure individuals to have undiagnosed prediabetes. This study was based on a cross-sectional analysis ...
Li Ying-Sing YS Department of Chemistry, University of Memphis, Memphis, TN 38152, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Raman scattering is an inelastic phenomenon. Although its cross section is very small, recent advances in electronics, lasers, optics, and nanotechnology have made Raman spectroscopy suitable in many areas of application. The present article reviews the applications of Raman spectroscopy in food and drug analysis and inspection, including those associated ...
Todescato Francesco F Department of Chemical Sciences and INSTM, University of Padova, Via Marzolo 1, I-35131 Padova, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Easy, sensitive, rapid and low cost ochratoxin biosensors are strongly demanded in food analysis since Ochratoxin A (OTA) is a widely diffused food contaminant, highly detrimental for human health. In this work, a novel plasmonic based optical biosensor prototype for ochratoxin A is described. It exploits the metal-enhanced fluorescence phenomenon ...
de Andrade Francisca Ivani FI Department of Public Health, State University of Ceará, - - 2014
Synthetic food colourings were analyzed on commercial carbonated orange and grape soft drinks produced in Ceará State, Brazil. Tartrazine (E102), Amaranth (E123), Sunset Yellow (E110) and Brilliant Blue (E133) were extracted from soft drinks using C18 SPE and identified by thin layer chromatography (TLC), this method was used to confirm ...
Mesch Christina M CM Research Institute of Child Nutrition (FKE), Heinstueck 11, D-44225 Dortmund, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Already infants do not meet the recommendations for fruit and vegetable intake although the complementary feeding period offers the possibility to expose the infant to a variety of flavours from fruits and vegetables. The objective of the present analysis was to identify differences in the vegetable variety in commercial vs. ...
Guo Xiaodong X Ministry of Agriculture Laboratory of Quality & Safety Risk Assessment for Dairy Products (Beijing), Institute of Animal Science, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100193, PR China; College of Animal Science and Technology, Xinjiang Agricultural University, Urumchi 830000, PR China; Ministry of Agriculture-Milk and Dairy Product Inspection Center (Beijing), Beijing 100193, PR - - 2014
Contamination of feed and food by aflatoxin B1 (AFB1), one of the most toxic of the mycotoxins, is a global concern. To prevent food safety scares, and avoid subsequent economic losses due to the recall of contaminated items, methods for the rapid, sensitive and specific detection of AFB1 at trace ...
Liu Congcong C Key Laboratory of Analysis and Detection Technology for Food Safety, Ministry of Education, Department of Chemistry, Fuzhou University, Fuzhou 350002, - - 2014
A simple and rapid fluorescence method has been developed for the determination of acrylamide in heat-processed food samples. In the determination, acrylamide is degraded through Hofmann reaction to generate vinyl amine, and pyrrolinone is produced when the vinyl amine reacts with fluorescamine, resulting in a strong fluorescence emission at 480nm. ...
Amodio M M Department of Chemistry, University of Bari, Bari, Apulia Region, 70126, - - 2014
In order to assess indoor air quality (IAQ), two 1-week monitoring campaigns of volatile organic compounds (VOC) were performed in different areas of a multistorey shopping mall. High-spatial-resolution monitoring was conducted at 32 indoor sites located in two storehouses and in different departments of a supermarket. At the same time, ...
Lv Zhenzhen Z College of Food Science, Sichuan Agricultural University, Ya'an, China ; Institute of Quality Standards & Testing Technology for Agro-Products, Key Laboratory of Agro-product Quality and Safety, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing, China ; Key Laboratory of Agri-Food Quality and Safety, Ministry of Agriculture, Beijing, - - 2014
Ochratoxin A(OTA) is found to be one of the predominant contaminating mycotoxins in a wide variety of food commodities. To avoid the risk of OTA consumption, the detection and quantitation of OTA level are of great significance. Based on the fact that ssDNA aptamer has the ability to form a ...
Grombe Ringo R European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements (IRMM), Retieseweg 111, 2440, Geel, - - 2014
A set of four reference materials for the detection and quantification of silica nanoparticles (NPs) in food was produced as a proof of principle exercise. Neat silica suspensions were ampouled, tested for homogeneity and stability, and characterized for total silica content as well as particle diameter by dynamic light scattering ...
Andersen Maj-Britt Schmidt MB Department of Nutrition Exercise and Sports, Faculty of Science, University of Copenhagen, Rolighedsvej 30, 1958, Frederiksberg C, Denmark, - - 2014
While metabolomics is increasingly used to investigate the food metabolome and identify new markers of food exposure, limited attention has been given to the validation of such markers. The main objectives of the present study were to (1) discover potential food exposure markers (PEMs) for a range of plant foods ...
Ren Linlin L State Key Laboratory of Medicinal Chemical Biology and College of Pharmacy, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071, China; Tianjin Key Laboratory of Molecular Drug Research, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071, - - 2014
A rapid and sensitive fluorescence polarization immunoassay (FPIA), based on a polyclonal antibody, has been developed for the detection of sodium benzoate in spiked samples. The immunogen and fluorescein-labeled analyte conjugate were successfully synthesized, and the tracer was purified by TLC. Under the optimal assay conditions, the FPIA shows a ...
Nakamura Rika - - 2014
Immunoblot-coupled proteomics based on two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (2D-PAGE), namely, immunoproteomics, has been used for comprehensive identification of food allergens, because it is a simple and inexpensive tool for rapid identification of several IgE-binding proteins. In this section, we describe our protocols for identification of food allergens using immunoproteomics and ...
Sirsat Sujata A SA Conrad N. Hilton College of Hotel and Restaurant Management, University of Houston; - - 2014
Cross contamination of foodborne pathogens in the retail environment is a significant public health issue contributing to an increased risk for foodborne illness. Ready-to-eat (RTE) processed foods such as deli meats, cheese, and in some cases fresh produce, have been involved in foodborne disease outbreaks due to contamination with pathogens ...
Dittmann Marie T MT Clinic for Zoo Animals, Exotic Pets and Wildlife, Vetsuisse Faculty Zurich, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland; ETH Zurich, Institute for Agricultural Sciences, Zurich, - - 2014
Methane emissions from ruminant livestock have been intensively studied in order to reduce contribution to the greenhouse effect. Ruminants were found to produce more enteric methane than other mammalian herbivores. As camelids share some features of their digestive anatomy and physiology with ruminants, it has been proposed that they produce ...
Buzatu Dan A DA National Center for Toxicological Research, Food and Drug Administration (FDA), Jefferson, Arkansas, United States of - - 2014
Foodborne illnesses occur in both industrialized and developing countries, and may be increasing due to rapidly evolving food production practices. Yet some primary tools used to assess food safety are decades, if not centuries, old. To improve the time to result for food safety assessment a sensitive flow cytometer based ...
Rothwell Joseph A JA INRA, UMR 1019, Human Nutrition Unit, CRNH Auvergne, Clermont-Ferrand, France; Clermont University, Human Nutrition Unit, Clermont-Ferrand, - - 2014
Coffee contains various bioactives implicated with human health and disease risk. To accurately assess the effects of overall consumption upon health and disease, individual intake must be measured in large epidemiological studies. Metabolomics has emerged as a powerful approach to discover biomarkers of intake for a large range of foods. ...
Copat Chiara C Environmental and Food Hygiene Laboratory (LIAA), Department of Hygiene and Public Health "G.F. Ingrassia", University of Catania, Via Santa Sofia 87, 95123 Catania, - - 2014
The subject of the present study is the evaluation of the concentrations of mercury (Hg) and selenium (Se) in fish and shellfish from the Gulf of Catania (Ionian Sea) and the assessment of related risk-based consumption limits per single contaminant in adults and children. In contrast to the potential harm ...
Peng Wei - - 2013
Food dyes serve to beguile consumers: they are often used to imitate the presence of healthful, colorful food produce such as fruits and vegetables. But considering the hurtful impact of these chemicals on the human body, it is time to thoroughly uncover the toxicity of these food dyes at the ...
Hamann Carsten R - - 2013
Cosmetic skin lightening is practiced worldwide. Mercury is a well-documented melanotoxin added to some lightening products. However, mercury can cause many dermatologic, renal, and neurologic problems. The Food and Drug Administration limits the amount of mercury in cosmetic products to trace amounts, 1 ppm. The objective of this study was ...
Shorter Barbara - - 2013
AUA Guidelines suggest dietary change as first line treatment for IC/BPS. We previously developed a validated survey instrument to determine which foods, beverages and supplements exacerbate the symptoms of this condition. The purpose of this study was to develop a shortened questionnaire that would provide an easily self-administered food-symptom history ...
Andreani N A NA Department of Comparative Biomedicine and Food Science (University of Padova), Legnaro 35010, Padova, - - 2014
The Pseudomonas fluorescens group comprises several closely related species that are involved in food contamination and spoilage. Specifically, the interest in P. fluorescens as a spoiler of dairy products increased after the cases of "blue mozzarella" that occurred in Italy in 2010. A Multilocus Sequence Typing (MLST) scheme was developed and ...
Lang Weeranuch - - 2013
This study reports the characterization of the ability of Dermacoccus spp. isolated from the deepest point of the world's oceans for azo dye decolorization. A detailed investigation of Dermacoccusabyssi MT1.1(T) with respect to the azoreductase activity and enzymatic mechanism as well as the potential role of the bacterial strain for ...
Coleman Erik - - 2013
Multiple foodborne illness outbreaks have been associated with the consumption of fresh produce. Investigations have indicated that microbial contamination throughout the farm-to-fork continuum often contributed to these outbreaks. Researchers have hypothesized that handling practices for leafy greens in restaurants may support contamination by and proliferation and amplification of pathogens that ...
Pugliese Alessandro - - 2013
Chilli peppers have been recognized as an excellent source of antioxidants as they are rich in bioactive phytochemicals such as carotenoids which are known to exert various beneficial effects in vivo. Absorption is an important factor in the determination of the potential biological effects of carotenoids. The bioaccessibility of a ...
Sharma Girdhari M - - 2013
Gluten that is present in food as a result of cross-contact or misbranding can cause severe health concerns to wheat allergic and celiac patients. Immunoassays, such as enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and lateral flow devices (LFD), are commonly used to detect gluten traces in foods. However, the performance of ...
Giannetto Marco M Dipartimento di Chimica, Università di Parma, Parco Area delle Scienze 17/A, 43124 Parma, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
A new voltammetric competitive immunosensor selective for atrazine, based on the immobilization of a conjugate atrazine-bovine serum albumine on a nanostructured gold substrate previously functionalized with poliamidoaminic dendrimers, was realized, characterized, and validated in different real samples of environmental and food concern. Response of the sensor was reliable, highly selective ...
Setälä Outi - - 2013
Experiments were carried out with different Baltic Sea zooplankton taxa to scan their potential to ingest plastics. Mysid shrimps, copepods, cladocerans, rotifers, polychaete larvae and ciliates were exposed to 10 μm fluorescent polystyrene microspheres. These experiments showed ingestion of microspheres in all taxa studied. The highest percentage of individuals with ingested ...
Ponzoni Elena - - 2013
Authentication of processed food ingredients is becoming an important issue for customers, and some DNA-based analytical methods have been developed, especially for animal products. As food products typically contain several different ingredients, a current challenge is to increase the multiplexing capacity of DNA-based methods, to develop "all-in-one" assays. Oligonucleotide-coupled, bead-based ...
Koizumi Daisuke D Central Research Institute, Maruha Nichiro Holdings, Inc., 16-2 Wadai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 300-4295, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
We developed and validated a novel lateral flow assay for the detection of crustacean protein in processed foods. This assay had high sensitivity; the visual detection limit for shrimp protein extract was 25μg/L, equivalent to 1μg/g protein in a food sample, and results could be obtained within 20min without sophisticated ...
Massaouti Maria - - 2013
Terahertz time-domain spectroscopy (THz-TDS) has been applied for the detection and discrimination of harmful chemical residues in honey. Three antibiotics (sulfapyridine, sulfathiazole, and tetracycline) and two acaricides (coumaphos and amitraz) were characterized in the THz frequency regime between 0.5 THz and 6.0 THz. All chemical substances present distinct absorption peaks. ...
Dos Santos Cláudia A Teixeira - - 2013
Industry has created the need for a cost-effective and nondestructive quality-control analysis system. This requirement has increased interest in near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy, leading to the development and marketing of handheld devices that enable new applications that can be implemented in situ. Portable NIR spectrometers are powerful instruments offering several advantages ...
Hu Qinqin - - 2013
Acrylamide is a neurotoxin and potential carcinogen, but is found in various thermally processed foods such as potato chips, biscuits, and coffee. Simple and sensitive methods for on-line detection of acrylamide are needed to ensure food safety. In this paper, a novel fluorescent sensing method based on acrylamide polymerization-induced distance ...
Pimentel Filipa B - - 2014
Phenylketonuria is an inborn error of metabolism, involving, in most cases, a deficient activity of phenylalanine hydroxylase. Neonatal diagnosis and a prompt special diet (low phenylalanine and natural-protein restricted diets) are essential to the treatment. The lack of data concerning phenylalanine contents of processed foodstuffs is an additional limitation for ...
Elizaquível Patricia - - 2013
The increase in foodborne outbreaks highlights the need for rapid, sensitive and specific methods for food safety monitoring enabling specific detection and quantification of viable foodborne pathogens. Real-time PCR (qPCR) combined with the use of viability dyes, recently introduced, fulfills all these requirements. The strategy relies on the use of ...
Jandrić Z - - 2014
In recent years, with the growing complexity of global food supply chains and trade, food fraud, including adulteration of high value foods with cheaper substitutes, has become an increasingly important issue. A metabolomics approach can be applied to discover biomarkers that can be used to trace food adulteration. A study ...
de la Cruz Silvia - - 2013
Current immunological methods for detection of Brazil nut allergens in foods are based on polyclonal antibodies raised in animals. Phage display technology allows the procurement of high-affinity antibodies avoiding animal immunization steps, and therefore attaining the principle of replacement supported by animal welfare guidelines. In this study, we screened Tomlinson ...
French Simone A - - 2013
The present research compared a self-report measure of usual eating behaviors with two laboratory-based behavioral measures of food reward and food preference. Eating behaviors were measured among 233 working adults. A self-report measure was the Three Factor Eating Questionnaire (TFEQ) Restraint, Disinhibition and Hunger subscales. Laboratory measures were the (RVF) ...
Mi Tiejun - - 2013
This paper describes a rapid one-step fluorescence polarization immunoassay (FPIA) for the simultaneous determination of multiple (fluoro)quinolone antibiotics (FQs) in food samples. Several fluorescent tracers were synthesized and evaluated in the FPIA method based on a broad-specificity of monoclonal antibodies toward FQs. The heterogeneous tracer, SAR-5-FAM, was considered as the ...
Calogero Giuseppe - - 2013
Chlorophylls based-dyes obtained from seaweeds represent attractive alternatives to the expensive and polluting pyridil based Ru complexes because of their abundance in nature. Another important characteristic is that the algae do not subtract either cropland or agricultural water, therefore do not conflict with agro-food sector. This pigment shows a typical ...
Safdar M - - 2013
EvaGreen multiplex real-time polymerase chain reaction (EMRT-PCR) was designed for an assay that can join the advantages of multiplex PCR and real-time PCR to recognize animal genes more quickly in pet foods. EMRT-PCR based on melting temperatures discrimination by using EvaGreen fluorescence dye was developed for the analysis of pork ...
Czeh Arpad - - 2013
Many bench-top flow cytometers (b-FCs) are compatible with microsphere-based multiplexed assays. Disciplines implementing b-FCs-based assays are expanding; they include monitoring and validating food quality. A multiplexed platform protocol was evaluated for poly-mycotoxin assays, which is compatible with a variety of b-FC models. The seven instruments included: BD FACSCalibur™, BD FACSArray™ ...
Bertelli Chiara M - - 2013
Although fisheries are of major economic and food security importance we still know little about specific juvenile habitats that support such production. This is a major issue given the degradation to and lack of protection afforded to potential juvenile habitats such as seagrass meadows. In the present study we investigate ...
Zhao Yan - - 2014
With the globalisation of agro-product markets and convenient transportation of food across countries and continents, the potential for distribution of mis-labelled products increases accordingly, highlighting the need for measures to identify the origin of food. High quality food with identified geographic origin is a concern not only for consumers, but ...
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