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Results 401 - 450 of 841
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Billam Madhavi - - 2006
Seasonal variations in the concentration of microcystin-LR (MCLR) in Buffalo Springs Lake (BSL) and Lake Ransom Canyon (LRC; both locations in Lubbock, TX, USA) were monitored from 2003 to 2004. In BSL, the average concentrations of MCLR were 1.78 +/- 1.43 microg/L (mean +/- SD; range, 0.177-4.914 microg/L) in spring, ...
O'Driscoll N J - - 2006
Previous published measurements of mercury photoreduction are for net-photoreduction, since photooxidation processes occur simultaneously. In this research we combine continuous dissolved-gaseous mercury (DGM) analysis with a photoreactor and a quartz sparger in order to derive mercury gross photoreduction rate constants for UVB and UVA irradiations. The DGM concentration in each ...
Karr Elizabeth A - - 2006
Archaea were detected in molecular diversity studies of the permanently frozen Lake Fryxell, Antarctica. Two clusters of methanogens were detected in the sediments, and another cluster of possibly methanotrophic Euryarchaeota was detected in the anoxic water column just above the sediments. One crenarchaeote was detected in water just below the ...
Van Wijngaarden R P A - - 2006
The aim of the study was to compare the effects of the pyrethroid insecticide lambda-cyhalothrin (treated at 10, 25, 50, 100, 250 ng active ingredient a.i./L) on a drainage ditch ecosystem in spring and late summer. Microcosms (water volume approximately 430 L) were established using enclosures in a 50-cm-deep experimental ...
A.I. Adeyemo
The annual convergence of some wild animals at the Oli River in Kainji Lake National Park was studied. Animal population were determined using the King census method. Indirect method of counting involved the use of footprint and faecal count. Sample drives were carried out as from 7.00 h in the ...
Nyström, Per
1. In a correlative study, we investigated the relative importance of fish predation, refuge availability and resource supply in determining the abundance and size distributions of the introduced and omnivorous signal crayfish (Pacifastacus leniusculus) in lakes and streams. Moreover, the biomass and food selection of predatory fish was estimated in ...
Tiwari Ashesh - - 2006
Two years (Jan. 2000 - Dec. 2001) data on the seasonal studies of phytoplanktonic diversity of Kitham lake (Sur Sarovar) Agra revealed the presence of 73 algal species. A limited number of these were recorded throughout the year, while others were distributed in different seasons mainly in winter and summer ...
Ciffroy P - - 2006
A dynamic model for assessing the transfer of tritium in a food chain was applied to the Loire River, where 14 nuclear power plants situated on five different sites operate. The model considers several potential exposure pathways in the aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems: transfer of tritium through the aquatic food ...
Sosiak A - - 2006
Recent work has found evidence of deterioration in water quality in the Elbow River upstream from Calgary, Alberta, Canada. We sampled this basin to describe spatial and temporal trends and factors that could be contributing to this deterioration. Sources near Calgary generally contributed most of the total phosphorus (TP) entering ...
van Duin B - - 2006
The lower reaches of West Nose Creek have been subject to urbanization since the 1970s, leading to channel widening and excessive erosion. This paper discusses what would likely happen if urbanization were allowed to continue in the same manner. Comparisons are presented of the channel width and depth for both ...
Cakli S - - 2006
The effect of gutting and ungutting on microbiological, chemical, and sensory properties of aqua-cultured sea bream (Sparus aurata) and sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) stored in ice were studied. The total viable mesophilic and psychrophilic bacterial counts increased throughout the storage period of gutted and ungutted sea bream and sea bass. ...
Sekine M - - 2006
Chitosan, acetylate of chitin, is a biodegradable cationic polymer. The objective of this study is to assess the applicability of chitosan as an on-site treatment agent of turbid water caused by river construction works and other diffused pollutions. The results of jar-tests indicate that floc of chitosan is much larger ...
Stoor Richard W - - 2006
Identification of sites of methyl mercury (MeHg) production is critical to predicting long-term fate of bioaccumulative Hg in the aquatic environment. During baseflow, when groundwater sources dominate, we observed consistently elevated levels of MeHg (0.1-0.4 ng L(-1)) at the mouth and in several tributaries to the Tahquamenon River in the ...
Hose Grant C - - 2005
Water quality in recreational areas in Sydney Harbour, Australia, was analysed first to identify spatial patterns in faecal coliform and enterococci densities, and then to determine the relationship between bacterial densities and catchment rainfall. Non-metric multidimensional scaling separated sites closest to the mouth of the harbour from those further up ...
Sorensen John A - - 2005
A three-year (2001-2003) monitoring effort of 14 northeastern Minnesota lakes was conducted to document relationships between water-level fluctuations and mercury bioaccumulation in young-of-the-year (YOY) yellow perch (Perca flavescens) collected in the fall of each year at fixed locations. Six of those lakes are located within or adjacent to Voyageurs National ...
Yüce Galip - - 2005
The Lamas Basin is an area covering approximately 4,400 km(2) situated on the eastern Mediterranean coast of Turkey covered with highly karstified limestone and dolomitic limestone from the Miocene and Mesozoic age, respectively. Owing to the area's low karstification basement, groundwater in the karst aquifer circulates deep from the surface ...
Chen Jun - - 2005
So far, little is known on the distribution of hepatotoxic microcystin (MC) in various organs of bivalves, and there is no study on MC accumulation in bivalves from Chinese waters. Distribution pattern and seasonal dynamics of MC-LR, -YR and -RR in various organs (hepatopancreas, intestine, visceral mass, gill, foot, and ...
Pardue J H - - 2005
Hurricane Katrina, rated as a Category 4 hurricane on the Saffir-Simpson scale, made landfall on the U.S. Gulf Coast near New Orleans, Louisiana on Monday, August 29, 2005. The storm brought heavy winds and rain to the city, and several levees intended to protect New Orleans from the water of ...
Reichwaldt Elke S - - 2005
Diel vertical migration (DVM) of large zooplankton is a very common phenomenon in the pelagic zone of lakes and oceans. Although the underlying mechanisms of DVM are well understood, we lack experimental studies on the consequences of this behaviour for the zooplankton's food resource-the phytoplankton. As large zooplankton species or ...
Rightmire G Philip - - 2006
The caves at Klasies River contain abundant archaeological evidence relating to human evolution in the late Pleistocene of southern Africa. Along with Middle Stone Age artifacts, animal bones, and other food waste, there are hominin cranial fragments, mandibles with teeth, and a few postcranial remains. Three foot bones can now ...
Fuks Dragica - - 2005
High variability of heterotrophic bacterial (HB; 0.1.10(9)-6.10(9) cells L(-1)), nanoflagellates (HNF; 0.02.10(6)-2.4.10(6) cells L(-1)) and cyanobacterial (CB; 10(6)-700.10(6) cells L(-1)) abundances were observed during approximately monthly measurements at six stations along the transect Po Delta-Rovinj from March 1999 to August 2002. Substantially higher values were observed during the stratification period ...
Evans Marlene S - - 2005
Over 1999-2002, an extensive series of contaminant studies was conducted on freshwater biota of Canada's Arctic and Subarctic regions. The majority of inorganic contaminant studies focused on mercury and fish. While mercury concentrations were low in benthic feeding fish such as whitefish, predatory fish such as lake trout, pike, and ...
Briand J-F - - 2005
Between 1999 and 2002, a routine survey of water quality in the Lac du Bourget was performed to study the dynamics and microcystin (MC) production of Planktothrix rubescens. Using liquid chromatography coupled to diode array detection and mass spectrometry, we found that two main variants ([D-Asp3] and [D-Asp3, Dhb7] microcystin-RR) ...
Vander Zanden M Jake - - 2005
Non-point source loading of nitrogen and phosphorus is a primary cause of eutrophication of inland waters, although the diffuse and variable nature of nutrient inputs makes it difficult to trace and identify nutrient pathways. Stable nitrogen isotope values (delta15N) in aquatic biota are thought to reflect anthropogenic nutrient inputs, and ...
Smetacek Victor - - 2005
Polar organisms have adapted their seasonal cycles to the dynamic interface between ice and water. This interface ranges from the micrometre-sized brine channels within sea ice to the planetary-scale advance and retreat of sea ice. Polar marine ecosystems are particularly sensitive to climate change because small temperature differences can have ...
Ryan M J - - 2005
Historical studies have demonstrated that organochlorine (OC) concentrations in top predators can vary considerably from lake to lake within a small geographic region but temporal trends of these contaminants have rarely been monitored in a sub-Arctic area for a long period of time. This study examined OC concentrations, including chlordane ...
Scott B F - - 2005
A series of depth profiles was collected at 22 sites in the Arctic, North and South Atlantic, and Pacific Oceans to determine spatial patterns for trifluoroacetate (TFA) concentrations in the marine environment and to investigate possible natural sources of TFA. Profiles were also taken over underwater vents in the North ...
Ilani S - - 2006
Situated within the Jordan Rift Valley, along the shores of Lake Kinneret (Sea of Galilee) which serves as the national water reservoir of Israel, are saline hot springs that are notable for their enrichment in radon and radium. Though the anomalous radioactivity has been known for almost half a century, ...
Dionisio Pires L M - - 2005
Biomanipulation measures in lakes, taken to diminish algal blooms, have mainly been restricted to the reduction of zooplanktivorous fish with the aim to stimulate the grazing pressure by native filter feeders such as Daphnia. However, larger filter feeders like the exotic zebra mussel, Dreissena polymorpha, have been suggested as an ...
Chigbu Paulinus P Department of Biology, Marine Science Program, Box 18540, Jackson State University, Jackson, MS 39217, USA. - - 2005
Runoff from agricultural lands and farm animal feedlots is one of the major sources of fecal coliforms in surface waters, and fecal coliform (FC) bacteria concentrations tend to vary with season because of seasonal variations in climatic factors. However, El Niño--Southern Oscillation (ENSO) events may affect the extent and patterns ...
Wissel Björn - - 2005
The Breton Sound estuary in southern Louisiana receives large amounts of Mississippi River water via a controlled diversion structure at the upstream end of the estuary. We used stable isotopes to trace spatial and seasonal responses of the downstream food web to winter and spring introductions of river water. Analysis ...
Sexauer Gustin Mae - - 2005
The lower Truckee River originates at Lake Tahoe, California/Nevada (NV), USA and ends in the terminal water body, Pyramid Lake, NV. The river has minimal anthropogenic inputs of contaminants until it encounters the cities of Reno and Sparks, NV, and receives inflows from Steamboat Creek (SBC). SBC originates at Washoe ...
Hefting Mariet - - 2006
Riparian zones are known to function as buffers, reducing non-point source pollution from agricultural land to streams. In the Netherlands, riparian zones are subject to high nitrogen inputs. We combined hydrological, chemical and soil profile data with groundwater modelling to evaluate whether chronically N loaded riparian zones were still mitigating ...
Frischer M E - - 2005
The ratio of bioluminescent to total bacteria (bioluminescent ratio, BLR) as an indicator of a variety of types of anthropogenic contamination of estuarine ecosystems was evaluated through a series of laboratory and field studies. Laboratory studies indicated that the BLR of natural bacterioplankton communities was proportionally reduced in the presence ...
Watras C J - - 2005
Several lines of evidence suggest that wetlands may be a major source of methylmercury (MeHg) to receiving waters, perhaps explaining the strong correlation between concentrations of waterborne MeHg and dissolved organic carbon (DOC) in regions such as northern Wisconsin. We evaluated the relative importance of wetland export in the MeHg ...
Smart Richard P - - 2005
Monthly data for 11 moorland streams displaying marked seasonality and spatial variation in nitrate concentrations have been used with readily available catchment characteristics to develop a method for predicting stream water nitrate concentrations throughout an upland river network in the Lake District, UK. Over a 12-month period, a simple asymmetric ...
Ciocan Corina - - 2005
Disseminated neoplasia, also called leukemia or hemic neoplasia, has been detected in 15 species of marine bivalve mollusks worldwide. The disease is characterized by the presence of single anaplastic cells with enlarged nuclei and sometimes frequent mitosis, in hemolymph vessels and sinuses. The neoplastic cells gradually replace normal hemocytes leading ...
Villeneuve Daniel L - - 2005
The Willamette River, one of 14 American Heritage Rivers, flows through the most densely populated and agriculturally productive region of Oregon. Previous biological monitoring of the Willamette River detected elevated frequencies of skeletal deformities in fish from certain areas of the lower (Newberg pool [NP], rivermile [RM] 26 - 55) ...
Raateoja Mika - - 2005
Drawing reliable conclusions on changes in the trophic state of various subareas of the Baltic Sea is problematic, in large part because the monitoring of productivity parameters exhibiting high natural variability is based on sparse sampling. This emphasizes the importance of long-term data sets. Here we present a 30-year chlorophyll ...
Buser Hans-Rudolf - - 2005
4-Methylbenzylidene camphor (4-MBC) is an important organic UV filter used in many personal care products such as sunscreens and cosmetics. After use, 4-MBC may enter the aquatic environment due to its release from skin during recreational activities (swimming, bathing) and from personal hygiene measures (washing, laundering of cloths) via wastewater ...
Kannan Kurunthachalam - - 2005
Trophic transfer of perfluorooctanesulfonate (PFOS) and other related perfluorinated compounds was examined in a Great Lakes benthic foodweb including water-algae-zebra mussel-round goby-smallmouth bass. In addition, perfluorinated compounds were measured in livers and eggs of Chinook salmon and lake whitefish, in muscle tissue of carp, and in eggs of brown trout ...
Clark Heidi - - 2005
Direct deposition of atmospheric nitrogen to shallow coastal embayments is usually estimated, since insufficient field measurements are available. Using Waquoit Bay (Cape Cod, MA. USA) as a case study, and a recent review of literature, we determined reasonable bounds on wet and dry inputs of inorganic and organic N. Since ...
Chetelat Benjamin - - 2005
Boron concentrations and isotopic compositions have been measured in the dissolved load of the Seine Basin rivers, France. Hydrology and chemistry of the Seine River and its tributaries are strongly influenced by human activities, as the anthropogenic pressure on the Seine catchment is one of the highest in Europe. The ...
Salvia-Castellví Mercè - - 2005
Nutrient enrichment of freshwaters continues to be one of the most serious problems facing the management of surface waters. Effective remediation/conservation measures require accurate qualitative and quantitative knowledge of nutrient sources, transport mechanisms, transformations and annual dynamics of different nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) forms. In this paper, nitrate (NO3-N), ...
Bhadra Bhaskar - - 2005
Some physico-chemical parameters of Kaljani River were studied in and around Alipurduar municipality. The principal characteristics of Kaljani River are high TSS, Mg-hardness, COD, and Phosphate 'P' Comparison of water quality parameters of the two rivers demonstrated higher range of alkalinity, ammonia 'N' content and chloride content in Torsa than ...
Chen Jun - - 2005
Tissue distributions and seasonal dynamics of the hepatotoxic microcystins-LR and -RR in a freshwater snail (Bellamya aeruginosa) were studied monthly in a large shallow, eutrophic lake of the subtropical China during June-November, 2003. Microcystins (MCs) were quantitatively determined by High-Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) with a qualitative analysis by a Finnigan ...
Yven Claude - - 2005
During chewing the meat sample is fragmented by compressive and shear bite forces while saliva is incorporated. At the end of this process meat is transformed into a bolus with specific properties, which elicit deglutition. This study aims to analyze the mechanical properties of the boli and juice-saliva interactions in ...
Hall Lenwood W LW - - 2005
The objectives of this study were to measure: (1) Irgarol and GS26575 (major metabolite) during the peak 2004 boating season at selected marinas and reference areas in the Carolinian Zoogeographic Province of the Eastern United States; (2) Irgarol and GS26575 at selected stations during the summer months in the Back ...
Bowes Michael J - - 2005
In order to effectively manage nutrient river load reductions and target remediation strategies, it is important to determine the relative contributions of diffuse and point sources across the river catchment. This study used a geographical information system (GIS) to apply phosphorus (P) export coefficients (obtained from the literature) to 58 ...
Kim Guebuem - - 2005
We have measured the concentrations of 210Po, 210Pb, SO4(2-), Na+, and 34S in precipitation samples from two metropolitan cities, Seoul and Busan, Korea. The delta34S values ranged from 0 to 10% in most Seoul and Busan precipitation samples, indicating major contributions from industrial sources to S levels. A high level ...
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