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Artioli Yuri - - 2008
Socio-economic development in Europe has exerted increasing pressure on the marine environment. Eutrophication, caused by nutrient enrichment, is evident in regions of all European seas. Its severity varies but has, in places, adversely impacted socio-economic activities. This paper aims to evaluate the effectiveness of recently adopted policies to reduce anthropogenic ...
Zhao Jun - - 2008
A moored optical buoy was deployed in the Pearl River estuarine waters for a 15-day period. A four-day algal bloom event occurred during this study period. Both chlorophyll a concentration and algal cell density (a proxy for biomass) changed dramatically before and after the event. The chlorophyll concentration at a ...
Klobucar Göran I V - - 2008
Coastal waters are burdened with different contaminants of anthropogenic origin due to intensive urbanisation and economical development. Bays, semi-enclosed areas with limited water renewal ability, are particularly endangered by contaminant inputs. Kastela Bay (Dalmatia, Eastern Adriatic) has earlier been identified as an area loaded with diffuse sources of pollution, including ...
Madhupratap, M.
The physical and chemical forcing which drive the Arabian production is now fairly well understood. The main attributes, which contribute to the productivity are (1) the boundary processes which manifest as upwelling during summer monsoon and (2) winter cooling in the northern Arabian Sea. Phytoplankton blooms and high mesozooplankton biomass ...
Gong Yeong - - 2008
Long term fluctuations in the abundance of common squid, Todarodes pacificus are taken in the waters around Korea and Japan from 1952 to 2003. The year-to-year fluctuations in the abundance in the Tsushima Warm current (TWC) region (Yellow sea- east China sea-east/Japan sea) revealed the same pattern with that in ...
Zeev Edo Bar - - 2008
Biological nitrogen fixation has been suggested as an important source of nitrogen for the ultra-oligotrophic waters of the Levantine Basin of the Mediterranean Sea. In this study, we identify and characterize the spatial and temporal distribution of the N-fixing (diazotrophic) cyanobacterium Richelia intracellularis. R. intracellularis is usually found as an ...
Schalau Kristine - - 2008
Plankton succession during spring/early summer in temperate lakes is characterised by a highly predictable pattern: a phytoplankton bloom is grazed down by zooplankton (Daphnia) inducing a clear-water phase. This sequence of events is commonly understood as a cycle of consumer-resource dynamics, i.e. zooplankton growth is driven by food availability. Here ...
Vuyst Luc De - - 2008
Probiotic foods receive market interest as health-promoting, functional foods. They have been introduced in a wide range of food industries. However, commercial application of probiotic microorganisms in fermented sausages is not common yet. There are both advantages and disadvantages connected to fermented meat matrices. They are adequate for the carriage ...
Mandic Magda - - 2008
We present the first results of a study of the Gacka River spring area, an important Croatian drinking water resource. Stable isotope data (obtained at the Stable Isotope Laboratory SILab in Rijeka) are used in combination with hydrological and meteorological data. The delta18O values give information on the mean catchment ...
Zeug Steven C - - 2008
Algal carbon has been increasingly recognized as the primary carbon source supporting large-river food webs; however, many of the studies that support this contention have focused on lotic main channels during low-flow periods. The flow variability and habitat-heterogeneity characteristic of these systems has the potential to significantly influence food web ...
Marengo J A - - 2008
In 2005, southwestern Amazonia experienced the effects of an intense drought that affected life and biodiversity. Several major tributaries as well as parts of the main river itself contained only a fraction of their normal volumes of water, and lakes were drying up. The consequences for local people, animals and ...
Bhavsar Satyendra P - - 2008
Concentrations of the seventeen 2,3,7,8-substituted, most toxic congeners of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs) and polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs) were measured in lake trout (Salvelinus namaycush) or lake whitefish (Coregonus clupeaformis) collected between 1989 and 2003 from the Canadian Great Lakes as a part of the on-going Sport Fish Contaminant Monitoring Program of ...
Xie Zhiyong - - 2008
The potential of triclosan (TCS) acting as an endocrine disruptor has led to growing concern about the presence of TCS in the environment. In this study, seawater samples were collected from the German Bight during sampling campaigns conducted with the German research ships Gauss and Ludwig Prandtl. TCS was determined ...
Houde Magali - - 2008
Chlorinated paraffins (CPs) are complex mixtures of chlorinated alkanes used in a myriad of industrial applications as flame retardant plasticizers and additives. In this study, the distribution and bioaccumulation/biomagnification of short-chain CPs (C10-C13, SCCPs) and medium-chain CPs (C14-C17, MCCPs) were investigated in samples collected between 1999 and 2004 from Lake ...
Jellyman, DJ
Lake Te Rotonui, a shallow depression lake in the center of Mitiaro Island, southern Cook Islands, contains freshwater eels despite having no surface connection to the sea. During a survey of the eel population in July 1988, all of the 287 eels captured using fyke nets and gaffs were Anguilla ...
Kummu Matti - - 2008
Rapid development in the upper reaches of the Mekong River, in the form of construction of large hydropower dams and reservoirs, large irrigation schemes, and rapid urban development, is putting water resources under stress. Recent studies have concluded that these developments will lead to flow alterations in the Mekong River. ...
Van Looy Kris - - 2008
Methods for defining and retrieving reference conditions for large rivers were explored with emphasis on hydromorphologic and biologic quality indicators. For a set of four large rivers in the European Western Plains ecoregion, i.e., the rivers Meuse, Loire, Allier, and Dordogne, reference reaches were selected based on geomorphologic characteristics. A ...
Kang Shujiang - - 2008
Management of agricultural nonpoint-source pollution continues to be a challenge because of spatial and temporal variability. Using stream order as an index, we explored the distribution of nitrate concentration and load along the stream network of a large agricultural watershed in Pennsylvania-the East Mahantango Creek Watershed and two of its ...
Tseng Li Chun - - 2008
This study analyses distribution and abundance patterns of mesozooplankton communities at 13 stations in the coastal waters over a marine outfall area in the northeastern South China Sea. Cruises were conducted in March, June and September 2002, and plankton samples were collected with a 333 microm North Pacific net. The ...
Lamberts Dirk - - 2008
Tonle Sap Lake is a large and complex data-deficient ecosystem in the Mekong River Basin. Highly valuable in biodiversity and natural livelihoods capital, it is susceptible to degradation when the flood pulse that drives its productivity is altered as a result of hydropower and irrigation development on the Mekong River. ...
Cox, Lyndsey
The importance of contaminant assessment in African lakes is increasing due to population growth and industrialization. It has recently been established that Hg is biomagnifying through the Lake Albert (Uganda) food web. Sixteen essential and nonessential elements were studied in Lake Albert fishes in order to determine the effects of ...
Allen, Deirdre M
Lake Simcoe is among the most important inland angling destinations in northeastern North America and supports a vital year-round angling community that targets top predatory species. The Ontario Ministry of the Environment sport fish contaminants database indicates that some lake herring (Coregonus artedi) from Lake Simcoe in 1983 had concentrations ...
Coolen Marco J L - - 2008
Bacteriohopanoids are widespread lipid biomarkers in the sedimentary record. Many aerobic and anaerobic bacteria are potential sources of these lipids which sometimes complicates the use of these biomarkers as proxies for ecological and environmental changes. Therefore, we applied preserved 16S ribosomal RNA genes to identify likely Holocene biological sources of ...
Loewen Mark - - 2008
Neutral perfluorinated alkyl substances (PFASs), which are thought to be volatile precursors of environmentally ubiquitous perfluorocarboxylates (PFCAs) and perfluorooctanesulfonate (PFOS), were quantified in XAD-2 resin based passive air samplers deployed along an altitudinal transect from 800 to 2740 m above sea level (asl) in Western Canada (based at N51degrees 20' ...
Ishibashi Hiroshi - - 2008
Concentrations of perfluorochemicals (PFCs) including perfluoroalkylsulfonates (PFSAs) and perfluoroalkylcarboxylates (PFCAs) were determined in liver and serum of Baikal seals (Pusa sibirica) collected from Lake Baikal, Russia in 2005. Among the 10 PFC compounds measured, perfluorononanoic acid (PFNA, 3.3-72 ng/g wet wt) concentrations were the highest in liver, followed by perfluorooctanesulfonate ...
Ni Hong-Gang - - 2008
A set of six benzothiazoles was determined in riverine runoff samples of the Pearl River Delta (PRD) collected monthly from March 2005 to February 2006. The concentrations of total benzothiazoles ranged from 220 to 611 ng/L, with benzothiazole (BT) being the most prominent (82%), followed by 2-methylthiobenzothiazole (MBT),thianaphthene (TN), and ...
Donner Simon D - - 2008
Corn cultivation in the United States is expected to increase to meet demand for ethanol. Nitrogen leaching from fertilized corn fields to the Mississippi-Atchafalaya River system is a primary cause of the bottom-water hypoxia that develops on the continental shelf of the northern Gulf of Mexico each summer. In this ...
Fleming-Lehtinen Vivi - - 2008
Eutrophication is an ongoing process in most parts of the Baltic Sea. This article reports on the changes during recent decades of several eutrophication-related variables in the open sea areas surrounding Finland (wintertime nutrient concentrations, wintertime nutrient ratios, and summer time chlorophyll alpha concentrations at the surface). The sum of ...
Madenjian Charles P - - 2008
Lake whitefish (Coregonus clupeaformis) were fed rainbow smelt (Osmerus mordax) in four laboratory tanks over a 133-d experiment. At the start of the experiment, 10 to 14 of the fish in each tank were sacrificed, and the concentrations of 40 polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) congeners within these fish were determined. Polychlorinated ...
McCrary Jeffrey K - - 2008
The aquatic gastropod mollusc, Pyrgophorus coronatus, may perform an important role in the transmission of an emergent ocular pathology among fishes in Lake Apoyo, Nicaragua. This disease emerged after an introduction of tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) and the subsequent loss of Chara sp. beds in the lake. We compared the mollusc ...
Toledo Mauro B de - - 2008
Pollen, charcoal, and C14 analyses were performed on a sediment core obtained from Lake Tapera (Amapá) to provide the palaeoenvironmental history of this part of Amazonia. A multivariate analysis technique, Detrended Correspondence Analysis, was applied to the pollen data to improve visualization of sample distribution and similarity. A sedimentary hiatus ...
Takougang Innocent - - 2008
Macroinvertebrates identification and enumeration may be used as a simple and affordable alternative to chemical analysis in water pollution monitoring. However, the ecological responses of various taxa to pollution are poorly known in resources-limited tropical countries. While freshwater macroinvertebrates have been used in the assessment of water quality in Europe ...
Oudra B - - 2009
Health risks generated by cyanobacterial toxins in drinking and recreational waters are clearly recognised. During the monitoring programme on the distribution of toxic freshwater cyanobacteria in various water bodies including reservoirs, ponds and rivers of Morocco, many toxigenic cyanobacteria bloom-forming species have been identified. Particular attention was given to the ...
Eitzmann, Jeffrey Laine
We investigated spatial variation in fish assemblage and food web structure in the Kansas River, USA in relation to habitat changes. Fishes were collected at ten sites throughout the Kansas River for assessing assemblage structure in summer 2007 using fish community metrics and at 3 sites in 2006 for food ...
Taipale Sami - - 2008
Sustained whole-lake additions of 13C-enriched dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC), intended to increase experimentally the delta13C of DIC in the epilimnion of a small lake with high dissolved organic carbon (DOC), were made during three seasonal periods (spring, summer, and autumn). Coupled with carbon and nitrogen stable isotope analysis of zooplankton ...
Albay Meriç - - 2008
The aim of this paper is to determine and compare the environmental factors controlling vertical colonisation of periphyton on Sparganium erectum in a shallow eutrophic turbid lake, Manyas Lake, and an oligo-mesotrophic deep lake, Sapanca Lake, Turkey during the July 1997--November 1998. To investigate the effect of the environmental factors ...
Nadwodnik Jan - - 2008
Sugar and sugar alcohol concentrations were analyzed in subcellular compartments of mesophyll cells, in the apoplast, and in the phloem sap of leaves of Plantago major (common plantain), Plantago maritima (sea plantain), Prunus persica (peach) and Apium graveolens (celery). In addition to sucrose, common plantain, sea plantain, and peach also ...
Grossart Hans-Peter - - 2008
We examined in situ abundance and activities of the major bacterial groups in the two most distinct compartments of experimentally divided Lake Grosse Fuchskuhle (Germany). The selected south-west (SW) and north-east basin (NE) differ substantially in their major chemical and biological parameters that potentially influence the dynamics and composition of ...
Eckmann, Reiner
The Ponto-Caspian amphipod Dikerogammarus villosus (Sowinski) invaded Lake Constance, Central Europe (47°39'N, 9°18'E,)in 2002 and within four years had colonized the entire littoral zone of the upper lake basin, replacing the formerly dominantspecies Gammarus roeseli Gervais. Fifteen fish species were sampled from six littoral sites in the upper lake basin ...
Abila, Romulus
Lake Kanyaboli, an isolated satellite lake of Lake Victoria, has been suggested as a potential refugium for haplochromine cichlids that have gone extinct in the main basin of Lake Victoria. Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) molecular markers, as well as feeding ecology studies, were employed in this study to re-evaluate the evolutionary ...
Schleuter, Diana
To elucidate the performances of perch and ruffe in oligotrophic lakes, we carried out a field study in reoligotrophic Upper Lake Constance. Both these percids used the same habitat, albeit with different activity patterns. Interspecific competition for food was relevant only in summer when both species fed on zoobenthos. Even ...
Caputo Beniamino - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The geographic and temporal distribution of M and S molecular forms of the major Afrotropical malaria vector species Anopheles gambiae s.s. at the western extreme of their range of distribution has never been investigated in detail. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Collections of indoor-resting An. gambiae s.l. females were carried out ...
Meksumpun Charumas - - 2008
This research was carried out in Tha Chin Watershed in the central part of Thailand with attempts to apply multidisciplinary knowledge for understanding ecosystem structure and response to anthropogenic pollution and natural impacts leading to a proposal for an appropriate zonation management approach for sustainable utilization of the area. Water ...
Biggs Trent W - - 2008
The rate and extent of deforestation determine the timing and magnitude of disturbance to both terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. Rapid change can lead to transient impacts to hydrology and biogeochemistry, while complete and permanent conversion to other land uses can lead to chronic changes. A large population of watershed boundaries ...
Chung Se-Woong - - 2008
The effectiveness of a proposed curtain weir to be installed in the transitional zone of a eutrophic reservoir located in monsoon areas on the control of algal blooms in the lacustrine zone where drinking water withdrawals occur was assessed with various hydrodynamic flow regimes. A two-dimensional hydrodynamic and eutrophication model ...
Hirt Ulrike - - 2008
To implement the European Water Framework Directive (WFD) into German law, measures have to be taken to reduce the unacceptably high nutrient input into rivers. To identify the most effective measures, the sources and pathways of nutrient emissions into rivers have to be quantified. Therefore, the MONERIS model is applied, ...
Madsen Eric R - - 2008
The Great Lakes Indian Fish and Wildlife Commission produces consumption advisories for methylmercury in walleye (Sander vitreus) harvested by its member tribes in the 1837 and 1842 ceded territories of Michigan, Minnesota, and Wisconsin, USA. Lake-specific advice is based primarily on regressions of methylmercury concentrations on walleye length and incorporates ...
Cadenasso M L - - 2008
Conservation in urban areas typically focuses on biodiversity and large green spaces. However, opportunities exist throughout urban areas to enhance ecological functions. An important function of urban landscapes is retaining nitrogen thereby reducing nitrate pollution to streams and coastal waters. Control of nonpoint nitrate pollution in urban areas was originally ...
Aoki Shinichi - - 2008
Three kinds of phytoplankton were cultivated, and the contribution of dissolved organic matter (DOM) released from the phytoplankton was examined to clarify the cause of organic pollution of Lake Biwa. Microcystis aeruginosa, Staurastrum dorcidentiferum, and Cryptomonas ovata were evaluated with regard to cultivation. A significant peak (M(w): <3000 Da) was ...
Hayashi Mitsuru - - 2008
Occurrence number of red tides in Osaka Bay in Japan is more than 20 cases every year. Diatom red tide was dominant in Osaka Bay, but the non-diatom red tide was dominant in early 1990s. Therefore, the material cycling in Yodo River estuary in Osaka Bay during August from 1991 ...
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