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Zhao Yan - - 2014
With the globalisation of agro-product markets and convenient transportation of food across countries and continents, the potential for distribution of mis-labelled products increases accordingly, highlighting the need for measures to identify the origin of food. High quality food with identified geographic origin is a concern not only for consumers, but ...
Fox Glen - - 2013
Single kernel (SK) near infrared (NIR) reflectance and transmittance technologies have been developed during the last two decades for a range of cereal grain physical quality and chemical traits as well as detecting and predicting levels of toxins produced by fungi. Challenges during the development of single kernel near infrared ...
Kim Mina K - - 2013
 Orange juice is a well-accepted fruit juice, and its consumption increases steadily. Many studies have been conducted to understand the sensory characteristics of orange juice throughout its varying processing steps. Sensory language and consumer likings of food can be influenced by culture. The objective of this study is to evaluate ...
Zhang Qiulan - - 2013
The effect of ionic surfactants, sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) and N-cetyl-N,N,N-trimethyl ammonium bromide (CTAB), on the interaction between b-agonist - salbutamol (SAL) and bovine serum albumin (BSA) was investigated with the use of fluorescence spectroscopy (FLS) and chemometrics methods - multivariate curve resolution-alternating least squares (MCR-ALS) and parallel factor analysis ...
Lucan Sean C - - 2013
In food-environment research, an alternative to resource-intensive direct observation on the ground has been the use of commercial business lists. We sought to determine how well a frequently used commercial business list measures a dense urban food environment like the Bronx, NY. On 155 Bronx street segments, investigators compared two ...
Pegels Nicolette - - 2014
A highly sensitive TaqMan real-time PCR assay targeting the mitochondrial 12S rRNA gene was developed for detection of an avian-specific DNA fragment (68bp) in farm animal and pet feeds. The specificity of the assay was verified against a wide representation of animal and plant species. Applicability assessment of the avian ...
Hu Weihua - - 2013
Various mycotoxins with strong carcinogenesis and toxicity are fatal threats in food safety, and require highly sensitive and high-throughput detections greatly. Herein a fluorescent competitive immunoassay microarray based on a non-fouling polymer brush, poly[(ethylene glycol) methacrylate-co-glycidyl methacrylate] (POEGMA-co-GMA) is explored to sensitively detect multiple mycotoxins with aflatoxin B1 (AFB1), ochratoxin ...
Vincevica-Gaile Zane - - 2013
The current paper involves overview of several studies concerning quantitative major and trace element analysis of different food samples, such as products of plant origin, e.g., locally grown vegetables (carrots, onions, potatoes) and products of animal origin derived with or without processing (cottage cheese, eggs, honey). Food samples were collected ...
Bongers Peggy - - 2013
For many years, questionnaires have been considered the standard when examining emotional eating behavior. However, recently, some controversy has arisen about these questionnaires, and their usefulness in identifying emotional eaters has been questioned. The current study aimed to investigate the Single Target Implicit Association Test (ST-IAT) as a measure of ...
Salam Faridah - - 2013
The accidental contamination of Salmonella in raw and processed foods is a major problem for the food industry worldwide. At present many of the currently used methods for Salmonella detection are time and labour intensive. Therefore, rapid detection is a key to the prevention and identification of problems related to ...
Abramsson-Zetterberg Lilianne - - 2013
The safety of several azo colouring agents, used as food additives, has during the years been questioned. Allura Red AC (E129) has in some publications been classified as genotoxic. In fact, in the European Union, Allura Red is permitted as a food additive in human food, but, surprisingly, it was ...
Gong Sheng - - 2013
N-glycolylneuraminic acid (Neu5Gc) is an abundant sialic acid in many mammals and is present in the glycoconjugates of most deuterostome animals. Neu5Gc also occurs in fresh samples of human tumors and fetuses. However, very little is known about the expression level and biologic functions of Neu5Gc due to the limitations ...
Li Xin - - 2013
Mycotoxins are highly toxic contaminants and have induced health threat to human and animals. Aflatoxin B1 (AFB1), ochratoxin A (OTA) and zearalenone (ZEA) commonly occur in food and feed. A multi-component immunochromatographic assay (ICA) was developed for rapid and simultaneous determination of these three mycotoxins in agro-food. The strategy was ...
Chu Pei-Tzu - - 2013
Gliadin from wheat is a common food allergen that can induce baker's asthma, wheat-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis, atopic dermatitis, and celiac disease. This gliadin assay focuses on rapidly screen and check for gluten contamination in raw materials and in the gluten-free food production process, not only for wheat-sensitive patients but also ...
López-Calleja Inés María - - 2013
A broad range of foods have been described as causing allergies, but the majority of allergic reactions can be ascribed to a limited number of food components. Recent extensive surveys showed how tree nuts, particularly hazelnut (Corylus avellana L.) seeds, rank amongst the most important sources of food allergy. In ...
Alviola Pedro A PA - - 2013
We analyze, using an instrumental variable approach, the effect of the number of fast-food restaurants on school level obesity rates in Arkansas. Using distance to the nearest major highway as an instrument, our results suggest that exposure to fast-food restaurants can impact weight outcomes. Specifically, we find that the number ...
Cole Matthew - - 2013
Small plastic detritus, termed 'microplastics', are a widespread and ubiquitous contaminant of marine ecosystems across the globe. Ingestion of microplastics by marine biota, including mussels, worms, fish and seabirds, has been widely reported, but despite their vital ecological role in marine food-webs, the impact of microplastics on zooplankton remains under-researched. ...
Faber M - - 2013
IgE-mediated food allergy is a major and increasing health issue with significant impairment of quality of life and significant morbidity and mortality. It affects children, as well as adolescents and adults. This review focuses on novelties in the management of food allergy. Correct diagnosis relies upon history supplemented by quantification ...
Wang Wenjun - - 2013
In this paper, the interaction of safranine T (ST) and calix[4]arene (4,10,16,22-tetramethoxylresorcinarene carboxylic acid derivatives (TRCA)) was investigated with fluorescence spectroscopy. The results was shown that the fluorescence intensity of TRCA could be quenched by ST, and the fluorescence quenching (ΔF=FTRCA-FST-TRCA) was sensitised in cetyltrimethyl ammonium bromide (CTAB). Under the ...
Urban Lorien E - - 2013
IMPORTANCE National recommendations for the prevention and treatment of obesity emphasize reducing energy intake through self-monitoring food consumption. However, little information is available on the energy content of foods offered by nonchain restaurants, which account for approximately 50% of restaurant locations in the United States. OBJECTIVE To measure the energy ...
Chiao Der-Jiang - - 2013
Three sensitive and specific assays, the lateral flow assay (LFA), polymerase chain reaction assay (PCR) and reversed passive latex agglutination assay (RPLA), were selected for detection of staphylococcal enterotoxin B (SEB) from 77 clinical Staphylococcus aureus strains isolated from humans. Analytical results revealed that the LFA has almost the same ...
Estévez-Santiago Rocío - - 2013
Introduction: The software applications utilized to assess dietary intake usually focus on macro- and micronutrients, but not on other components of the diet with potential beneficial effects on health, which include the carotenoids. The degree to which each carotenoid exerts diverse biological activities differs and, thus, it is in our ...
Montoye Alexander H - - 2013
To determine the joint association of junk food consumption (JFC) and screen time (ST) with adiposity in children. Two hundred fourteen (121 girls, 93 boys) third-to-fifth-grade students (54% Hispanic, 35% African American, 8% white) completed a lifestyle behavior survey, which included self-reported JFC and ST, as part of a school-based ...
Niu Weifen - - 2013
Quality control of foods is important for both industrial and personal concerns. In the past decade, a variety of sensor techniques have been developed and various applications realized for the analysis of foods in both the liquid and gas phases. In this paper, we report a chemiluminescence (CL) sensor array ...
Moore Jennie - - 2013
As the world urbanizes, the role of cities in determining sustainability outcomes grows in importance. Cities are the dominant form of human habitat, and most of the world's resources are either directly or indirectly consumed in cities. Sustainable city analysis and management requires understanding the demands a city places on ...
Pegels N - - 2013
Food and feed traceability has become a priority for governments due to consumer demand for comprehensive and integrated safety policies. In the present work, a TaqMan real-time PCR assay targeting the mitochondrial 12S rRNA gene was developed for specific detection of rabbit and hare material in animal feeds and pet ...
Fodey Terence L - - 2013
Thiamphenicol and florfenicol are antibacterial agents permitted for use as veterinary drugs in animals used for food production. However, as the EU has established maximum residue limits for both and the metabolite florfenicol amine, there is a requirement to monitor animal food products for their residues. In this study antisera ...
Patel A R - - 2013
Food colouring plays a vital and a determining role in the processing and the manufacturing of food products because the appearance of products is critical for attracting consumers and influencing their food choices. However, factors such as legislative restrictions, limited number of approved colourants and the processing, formulation and stability ...
Rodriguez-Lazaro David - - 2013
Food safety and quality control programmes are increasingly applied throughout the production food chain in order to guarantee added value products as well as to minimize the risk of infection for the consumer. The development of real-time PCR has represented one of the most significant advances in food diagnostics as ...
Rodriguez-Lazaro David - - 2013
A principal consumer demand is a guarantee of the safety and quality of food. The presence of foodborne pathogens and their potential hazard, the use of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) in food production, and the correct labelling in foods suitable for vegetarians are among the subjects where society demands total ...
Dixit Sumita - - 2013
In the present study, an attempt has been made to understand the exposure assessment of food colors through 2 major groups, sweets and savories, at a national level so as to evolve a scientific yardstick to fix levels of colors in commodities based on technological and safety requirement. A vast ...
Dilbone Megan - - 2013
Lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta var. latifolia) is a tree species utilized for succulent edible cambium and secondary phloem in the spring by Interior First Peoples of the Pacific Northwest. In this article we present a nutritional analysis of this food based on a pooled sample of 17 trees harvested in ...
Bandyopadhyay Susmita - - 2013
Nanotechnology offers substantial prospects for the development of state-of-the-art products and applications for agriculture, water treatment, and food industry. Profuse use of nanoproducts will bring potential benefits to farmers, the food industry, and consumers, equally. However, after end-user applications, these products and residues will find their way into the environment. ...
Martinez-Garcia Elena - - 2013
Marine fish farms could cause environmental disturbances on the sediment due to uneaten food and fish faeces that impact the marine benthos. Polychaete assemblages are considered good indicators of environmental perturbations. The present study aimed to establish groups of polychaetes as potential indicators of fish farm pollution. This study was ...
Ishii Satoshi - - 2013
The direct quantification of multiple pathogens has been desired for diagnostic and public health purposes for a long time. In this study, we applied microfluidic quantitative PCR (qPCR) technology to the simultaneous detection and quantification of multiple food and waterborne pathogens. In this system, multiple singleplex qPCR assays were run ...
Han Jin-Hee - - 2013
Nanoscale wells have been fabricated in a chip to construct a photonic crystal that is used for enhanced immunoassays of a common food-borne toxin, Staphylococcal enterotoxin B (SEB). The nanostructure of the photonic crystal (PC) in the array enhanced the fluorescent signal due to a guided mode resonance. Nanoparticles were ...
Sheats Jylana L - - 2013
Vegetables in the dark green group are the most nutritious, yet intake is low. Studies suggest that an increase in fruit and vegetables may improve diet-related health outcomes of African Americans. The aim of this exploratory study was to use the Reasoned Action Approach (RAA) to qualitatively assess salient, top-of-the-mind, ...
Ruan Jia - - 2013
Cronobacter spp. (Enterobacter sakazakii) is an emerging opportunistic pathogen with a 40-80% mortality rate in infants and immunocompromised crowd resulting from the consumption of contaminated food. A novel method for detecting Cronobacter spp. in food samples by duplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in combination with capillary electrophoresis-laser induced fluorescence (CE-LIF) ...
Reames Ginger - - 2013
The authors evaluated a Niton XLp303A X-ray fluorescence (XRF) instrument, used to identify lead hazards in housing, to determine its effectiveness to screen food, medicinal, and ceremonial items during lead poisoning investigations. Fifty-eight suspect exposure items were tested for lead by XRF and then sent to the laboratory for confirmation. ...
Tveraa Torkild - - 2013
Global warming is expected to cause earlier springs and increased primary productivity in the Arctic. These changes may improve food availability for Arctic herbivores, but may also have negative effects by generating a mismatch between the surge of high quality food in the spring and the timing of reproduction. We ...
Martin Dean F - - 2013
We studied six of the seven food dyes commonly used, e.g., FD&C Blue No. 1 and No. 2, Green No. 3, Red No. 3 and No. 40, Yellow No. 5 and No. 6. Quantitative removal was achieved by passage of dyes in aqueous solutions over chromatography columns packed with Octolig®, ...
Garrido-Medina Raul - - 2013
Sample preparation and laser-induced fluorescence detection are two key steps of the analytical methodology to determine by capillary electrophoresis low concentrations of proteins in complex sample matrices. In this chapter the options of performing both steps in different ways are shown by detailing the analysis of the allergen β-lactoglobulin in ...
Mazloumian Amin - - 2013
We introduce a network-based index analyzing excess scientific production and consumption to perform a comprehensive global analysis of scholarly knowledge production and diffusion on the level of continents, countries, and cities. Compared to measures of scientific production and consumption such as number of publications or citation rates, our network-based citation ...
Nichols Erin K - - 2013
In 2009, a humanitarian response was launched to address a food security and livelihoods crisis in Karamoja, Uganda. During a polio immunization campaign in mid-August 2009, health workers in Nakapiripit District reported a concern about an increase in mouth sores, or angular stomatitis (AS) and gum ulcerations, among children in ...
Morisset Dany - - 2013
In this study, the applicability of droplet digital PCR (ddPCR) for routine analysis in food and feed samples was demonstrated with the quantification of genetically modified organisms (GMOs). Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) is currently used for quantitative molecular analysis of the presence of GMOs in products. However, its ...
Chen He - - 2013
Most rivers worldwide are highly regulated by anthropogenic activities through flow regulation and water pollution. Environmental flow regulation is used to reduce the effects of anthropogenic activities on aquatic ecosystems. Formulating flow alteration-ecological response relationships is a key factor in environmental flow assessment. Traditional environmental flow models are characterized by ...
Smrž Jaroslav - - 2013
TO DATE, ONLY MORPHOLOGICAL AND ANATOMICAL DESCRIPTIONS OF MICROWHIP SCORPIONS (ARACHNIDA: Palpigradi) have been published. This very rare group is enigmatic not only in its relationships to other arachnids, but especially due to the fact that these animals dwell only underground (in caves, soil, and interstitial spaces). We observed the ...
Freitas-Júnior Felipe - - 2013
Monokalliapseudes schubarti is an endemic tanaidacean microcrustacean from southeastern Brazil to Uruguay inhabiting low energy estuaries. Saco da Fazenda is located in the estuary of the Itajaí-Açú River, state of Santa Catarina, Brazil. It is exposed to strong anthropic impact and receives intensive flows of domestic wastewater, solid residues, and ...
Rhouati Amina - - 2013
The contamination of food and feed by mycotoxins has become an increasingly serious problem. Mycotoxins represent a major risk to human and animal health, as well as economics. Herein, we focus on Ochratoxin A (OTA), which is one of the most common mycotoxins contaminating feed and foodstuffs. OTA is a ...
Tran Dinh T - - 2012
The rising prevalence to food allergies in the past two decades, together with the fact that the only existing therapy is avoidance of allergen-containing food next to the implementation of anti-allergic drugs, urges the need for improved performance of current assays to detect potential allergens in food products. Therein, the ...
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