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Witczak Agata A a Department of Toxicology , West Pomeranian University of Technology , Szczecin , - - 2014
Currently, butter and margarine are food products attracting wide customer interest. Every day, consumers around the world buy these products for human consumption. Butter is obtained from milk fat, while margarine is derived from vegetable oils. The content of organochlorine pesticide (OCP) residues was examined in both types of these ...
Thielecke Frank F *Cereal Partners Worldwide S.A. †Nestlé Research Centre, Nestec Ltd, Vers-chez-les-Blanc, Lausanne, Switzerland ‡General Mills Bell Institute of Health and Nutrition, Golden Valley, MN §Kerry Ingredients & Flavours, Beloit, - - 2014
Evidence from epidemiological studies suggests that higher whole grain intake is associated with improvements in body weight measures. Evidence from randomized controlled intervention studies is controversial. To assess the scientific evidence, using a descriptive systematic approach, related to the relationship/effects of whole grain on weight management. Medicine Medical Subject Headings ...
Anderson G Harvey GH Department of Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Medicine,University of Toronto,150 College Street,Toronto,ON,CanadaM5S - - 2014
Whole pulses (beans, peas, chickpeas and lentils) elicit low postprandial blood glucose (BG) responses in adults; however, their consumption in North America is low. One potential strategy to increase the dietary intake of pulses is the utilisation of commercial pulse powders in food products; however, it is unclear whether they ...
Duijns Sjoerd S Department of Marine Ecology, Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research (NIOZ), P.O. Box 59, 1790, AB Den Burg, Texel, The - - 2014
1.Mechanistic insights and predictive understanding of the spatial distributions of foragers are typically derived by fitting either field measurements on intake rates and food abundance, or observations from controlled experiments, to functional response models. It has remained unclear, however, whether and why one approach should be favoured above the other, ...
Zilberman David D Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics, University of California, - - 2014
The role that agricultural biotechnology can play in the mitigation of climate change has been ignored in the new IPCC report (IPCC 2014). This is unfortunate in light of results seen in a growing body of literature, which show that genetic engineering (GE) has already contributed to the reduction of ...
Scazzina Francesca F Human Nutrition Unit, Department of Food Science, University of Parma, Parco Area delle Scienze, 95/A, 43124, Parma, PR, - - 2014
Gluten-free products present major challenges for the food industry in terms of organoleptic, technological and nutritional characteristics. The absence of gluten has been shown to affect starch digestibility, thus increasing the postprandial glycaemic response. However, in recent years, gluten-free technologies have been improved, thus possibly modifying this quality parameter. We ...
Smith Pete P Scottish Food Security Alliance-Crops & Institute of Biological and Environmental Sciences,University of Aberdeen,23 St Machar Drive,Aberdeen AB24 - - 2014
In 1798, Thomas Robert Malthus published 'An essay on the principle of population' in which he concluded that: 'The power of population is so superior to the power of the earth to produce subsistence for man, that premature death must in some shape or other visit the human race.' Over ...
Holmes Nathan M NM School of Psychology, University of New South Wales, Sydney NSW 2052, - - 2014
Four experiments used rats to study appetitive-aversive transfer. Rats trained to eat a palatable food in a distinctive context and shocked in that context ate and did not freeze when tested 1 d later but froze and did not eat when tested 14 d later. These results were associatively mediated ...
Dekkers Arnold Lm AL National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, The Netherlands - - 2014
For the evaluation of both the adequacy of intakes and the risk of excessive intakes of micronutrients, all potential sources should be included. In addition to micronutrients naturally present in foods, micronutrients can also be derived from fortified foods and dietary supplements. In the estimation of the habitual intake, this ...
Sousa Sílvia G SG a QOPNA; Departamento de Química, Universidade de Aveiro, Campus Universitário de Santiago , 3810-193 Aveiro , - - 2014
Human milk is seen not only as a food, but as a functional and dynamic biologic system. It provides nutrients, bioactive components and immune factors, promoting adequate and healthy growth of newborn infants. When mothers cannot supply their children, donated breast milk is the nutrition recommended by the World Health ...
Werthmann Jessica J Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience,Maastricht University,The - - 2014
Living in an 'obesogenic' environment poses a serious challenge for weight maintenance. However, many people are able to maintain a healthy weight indicating that not everybody is equally susceptible to the temptations of this food environment. The way in which someone perceives and reacts to food cues, that is, cognitive ...
Busse Peter P Instituto de Estudios Peruanos, Lima, Perú - - 2014
While there is already consensus in the scientific community about the deleterious effects of TV exposure, especially through TV advertisements, on children's beliefs, preferences, and food intake, the link between TV and children's eating behaviors is under-studied in Peru, a country experiencing a steady economic growth in recent years and ...
Kemps Eva E a School of Psychology , Flinders University , Adelaide , - - 2014
Abstract This study aimed to investigate the existence of an approach bias for food cues in obese individuals. A community sample of fifty-six obese women and 56 normal weight controls completed an approach-avoidance variant of the implicit association task. The obese participants were faster to respond to trials that paired ...
Blackie Malcolm - - 2014
Data from across the developing world show consistently that a fundamental cause of poor nutrition is low agricultural productivity and consequent low incomes, especially amongst poor rural households. Conventionally, technical solutions have been sought to contribute to greater household food security, and thus better childhood nutrition. A more holistic approach ...
Rivas Kristi M KM University of Nebraska Medical Center's Munroe-Meyer - - 2014
In the current investigation, we evaluated a method for increasing self-feeding with 3 children with a history of food refusal. The children never (2 children) or rarely (1 child) self-fed bites of food when the choice was between self-feeding and escape from eating. When the choice was between self-feeding 1 ...
Berge Jerica M JM Family Medicine and Community Health, - - 2014
Family meals have been found to be associated with a number of health benefits for children; however, associations with obesity have been less consistent, which raises questions about the specific characteristics of family meals that may be protective against childhood obesity. The current study examined associations between interpersonal and food-related ...
Kim Mina K MK Dept. of Food Science and Biotechnology, Dongguk Univ.-Seoul, 30, Pildong-ro 1gil, Jung-gu, Seoul, 100-715, - - 2014
Doenjang is a traditional Korean food and is widely used for many Korean foods. Consumer perception and consumer acceptability on the typical sensory characteristics of traditional Doenjang remain unknown. The objective of the current study was to determine the consumer perception on traditional Doenjang characteristics and how preexisting consumer perception ...
Liu Y - - 2014
Background: Pictograms have been shown by many studies to be an effective way of conveying information. An easy-to-understand pictorial description is essential for communication of dietary intake in the computer era. Objectives: We proposed a novel approach that represents textual descriptions of dietary intake into a pictorial representation with the ...
Barr Michelle M Department of Public Health, Health Promotion and Policy Research Unit, University of Otago, Wellington, Wellington, New - - 2014
Children's exposure to food marketing across multiple everyday settings, a key environmental influence on health, has not yet been objectively documented. Wearable automated cameras (ACs) may have the potential to provide an objective account of this exposure. The purpose of this study is to assess the feasibility of using ACs ...
Kaisari Panagiota P School of Psychology, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, B15 - - 2014
In a social eating context, people tend to model the food intake of their dining companions. In general, people tend to eat more when their dining companion eats more and less when their eating companion eats less. In the present paper we investigate 1) whether familiarity of dining partners affects ...
Homberger Benjamin B Swiss Ornithological Institute, Seerose 1, 6204 Sempach, Switzerland; Institute of Evolutionary Biology and Environmental Studies, University of Zurich, 8057 Zurich, Switzerland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Glucocorticoid (GC) hormones, i.e. corticosterone (CORT) in birds, support physiological homeostasis and facilitate adaptations to stressful situations. However, maintaining high GC levels are energetically costly and interfere with other physiological processes. To keep the balance of costs and benefits of GC hormones, various mechanisms act to adapt GC levels to ...
Costa J H C JH Animal Welfare Program, Faculty of Land and Food Systems, University of British Columbia, 2357 Main Mall, Vancouver, BC, V6T 1Z4, - - 2014
Animals are often reluctant to consume novel feeds. Research suggests that social housing can reduce fearfulness in animals. The aim of this study was to test the prediction that social housing reduces food neophobia in dairy calves. Beginning immediately at birth, Holstein bull calves were either reared individually (n = ...
Betz Alexandra A Zurich University of Applied Science (ZHAW), School of Life Sciences and Facility Management, Institute of Food and Beverage Innovation, Einsiedlerstrasse 34, CH-8820 Wädenswil, Switzerland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Food losses occur across the whole food supply chain. They have negative effects on the economy and the environment, and they are not justifiable from an ethical point of view. The food service industry was identified by Beretta et al. (2013) as the third largest source of food waste based ...
Mahnič-Kalamiza Samo S Centre de Recherches de Royallieu, University of Technology of Compiègne, BP 20529, 60205, Compiègne Cedex, France, - - 2014
Electroporation is a method of treatment of plant tissue that due to its nonthermal nature enables preservation of the natural quality, colour and vitamin composition of food products. The range of processes where electroporation was shown to preserve quality, increase extract yield or optimize energy input into the process is ...
Petersen Christian C - - 2014
Rats can anticipate a daily feeding time. This has been interpreted as a rhythm controlled by food-entrainable circadian oscillators, because the rhythm persists during several cycles of total food deprivation and fails to track mealtimes if the feeding schedule deviates substantially from 24. These and other properties distinguish anticipation of ...
Burns Rachel J - - 2014
Objective: Providing a variety of food generally increases consumption and enjoyment. This effect is typically associated with unhealthy behavior (e.g., overindulgence at a buffet) and studied during a single meal. Two studies tested whether this effect can be leveraged in a subtle, simple manipulation to promote healthy food choices over ...
Olds William H WH Department of Genetics, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Boyer Center for Molecular Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, United - - 2014
Regulation of food intake is fundamental to energy homeostasis in animals. The contribution of non-nutritive and metabolic signals in regulating feeding is unclear. Here we show that enteric neurons play a major role in regulating feeding through specialized mechanosensory ion channels in Drosophila. Modulating activities of a specific subset of ...
Weiler Anelyse M AM Sociology, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada, Faculty of Land and Food Systems, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada, Global Health Research Program, School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia Sociology, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada, Faculty of Land and Food Systems, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada, Global Health Research Program, School of Population and Public Health, University of British - - 2014
There has been growing policy interest in social justice issues related to both health and food. We sought to understand the state of knowledge on relationships between health equity-i.e. health inequalities that are socially produced-and food systems, where the concepts of 'food security' and 'food sovereignty' are prominent. We undertook ...
Bhat Ravish R Vittal Mallya Scientific Research Foundation, 94/3 & 94/5, 23rd Cross, 29th Main, BTM II Stage, Bangalore 560076, - - 2014
Sixteen hour fermentation of the white flesh raw guava Lucknow 49 cultivar using Lactobacillus plantarum NCIM 2912 was taken up for enhancing the antioxidant potential. The fermented guava product with high antioxidant potential, total phenolic content and short and medium chain fatty acids can be used as functional food.
Garr Amber L AL Harbor Branch Oceanographic Institute at Florida Atlantic University, 5600 US 1 North, Fort Pierce, FL, 34946, USA, - - 2014
To better understand the potential impacts of the deepwater horizon oil spill on lower trophic level food sources, a series of toxicological laboratory experiments were conducted with two microalgae species. The acute toxicity of oil (tar mat and MC252 crude oil), dispersant (Corexit 9500A), and dispersed oil on growth inhibition ...
Julia Chantal C Université Paris 13, Equipe de Recherche en Epidémiologie Nutritionnelle (EREN), Centre de Recherche en Epidémiologie et Biostatistiques Sorbonne Paris Cité (CRESS), UMR 1153 Inserm, U1125 Inra, Cnam, Université Paris 5,Université Paris 7, 74 rue Marcel Cachin,F-93017Bobigny - - 2014
Nutrient profiling systems are powerful tools for public health initiatives, as they aim at categorising foods according to their nutritional quality. The British Food Standards Agency (FSA) nutrient profiling system (FSA score) has been validated in a British food database, but the application of the model in other contexts has ...
Zhou Wen-Jie WJ School of Public Health and Management, Chongqing Medical University, - - 2014
Health behavioral patterns, especially eating patterns, established in childhood often carry over into adulthood, and some of the unhealthy ones are later associated with adult morbidity and mortality. Recently, a few nutrition and food safety education programs have been implemented in primary and junior high schools in China. This study ...
Vieira Viviane L VL 1Doctor,School of Public Health,University of São Paulo,São - - 2014
Primary care is an important area in which to confront situations of food and nutrition insecurity. To undertake action in this area, well-prepared professionals are necessary. Courses of health training are not yet, however, equipped to offer the necessary preparation. Aim To analyse the topics taught in nutrition graduation courses ...
Scantlebury David M DM School of Biological Sciences, Institute for Global Food Security, Queen's University Belfast, Belfast BT9 7BL, Northern Ireland, UK. - - 2014
Population viability is driven by individual survival, which in turn depends on individuals balancing energy budgets. As carnivores may function close to maximum sustained power outputs, decreased food availability or increased activity may render some populations energetically vulnerable. Prey theft may compromise energetic budgets of mesopredators, such as cheetahs and ...
Sainmont Julie J Centre for Ocean Life and National Institute of Aquatic Resources, Technical University of Denmark, Kavalergården 6, 2920 Charlottenlund, - - 2014
Abstract The allocation of resources between growth, storage, and reproduction is a key trade-off in the life-history strategies of organisms. A central dichotomy is between capital breeders and income breeders. Capital breeders build reserves that allow them to spawn at a later time independently of food availability, while income breeders ...
Kovacs Michelle A MA Department of Psychology, University of South - - 2014
Restrained eaters attempt to employ cognitive control over decisions to eat, which leaves them prone to eat in a disinhibited manner. This eating style is associated with elevated rates of smoking compared to the general population. The current study merged smoking and eating research methodology to investigate a mechanism that ...
Wilson Kate K MBBS, Paediatric Registrar, University of Queensland, Department of Medicine, Brisbane, - - 2014
Functional gastrointestinal disorder (FGID) is a common, benign, chronic diagnosis that has a significant negative impact on quality of life. FGIDs that develop in childhood can persist into adulthood. Currently, there is no cure and few treatment options are available. This article provides an outline of current research supporting the ...
Can Fidan O FO Department of Agricultural and Biological Engineering, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802, - - 2014
Cheese is a ready-to-eat food that may be contaminated on the surface by undesirable spoilage and pathogenic microorganisms during production, packaging, and postpackaging processes. Penicillium roqueforti is commonly found on cheese surfaces at refrigeration temperatures and is one of the most common spoilage fungal species. Consumption of cheese contaminated with ...
Rosenfeld Leah S LS Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, Office of Food Additive Safety, Division of Biotechnology and GRAS Notice Review, US Food and Drug Administration, College Park, Maryland, - - 2014
This article summarizes the history of the regulation of caffeine, a key component of caffeine-containing energy drinks and other caffeine-containing energy products, in the United States. Caffeine as an ingredient in food has been regulated by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) since 1958, when the Food Additives Amendment ...
Xie Xiaoxu X 1 School of Public Health, Nanchang University , Nanchang, China - - 2014
Abstract Background: Childhood obesity is rapidly increasing in China, with rates doubling between 2000 and 2010. Several large, epidemiological studies have shown boys to be consistently more likely to be obese than girls. The aim of this study was to investigate gender differences in the home environment and parenting practices ...
Cassidy Rachel N RN Brown - - 2014
Nicotine increases the value of some reinforcing stimuli, and this effect may contribute to nicotine's widespread abuse. We aimed to quantify this effect using a behavioral economic analysis. Six Long- Evans rats were exposed to a modified observing response procedure. In this procedure, presses to one lever resulted either in ...
Perelló Gemma G Laboratory of Toxicology and Environmental Health, School of Medicine, IISPV, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Sant Llorenç 21, 43201, Reus, Catalonia, - - 2014
The present study was aimed at estimating the current (2012) dietary intake of arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd), mercury (Hg), and lead (Pb) by the population of Catalonia, Spain. The temporal trends with respect to previous surveys, performed in 2000, 2005, and 2008, were also determined. For that purpose, metal concentrations ...
Seto Mayumi M Department of Information and Computer Sciences, Faculty of Sciences, Nara Women's University, Kita-Uoya Nishimachi, Nara, 630-8506, - - 2014
The objective of this study is to identify a procedure for determining sample size allocation for food radiation inspections of more than one food item to minimize the potential risk to consumers of internal radiation exposure. We consider a simplified case of food radiation monitoring and safety inspection in which ...
Auld Garry G Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, - - 2014
To determine the effectiveness of the Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program (EFNEP) curriculum Eating Smart ∙ Being Active (ESBA). A quantitative, multi-state, nonequivalent comparison group pretest-posttest design was used to compare nutrition-related behavior changes in participants. ESBA was compared to previously used curricula for 3 different time periods in ...
Walsh Audrey A Cape Breton University, Sydney, Nova Scotia, Canada - - 2014
Mothers' ability to provide healthy food choices for their children has become more complex in our current obesogenic environment. We conducted a total of 35 interviews with 18 mothers of preschool children. Using constructivist grounded theory methods, we developed a substantive theory of how mothers make food choices for their ...
Doke Dzigbodi A DA Department of Environmental Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB), Birmingham, AL, USA - - 2014
As a well-known eco-toxicological model organism, Daphnia pulex may also offer advantages in human health research for assessing long-term effects of early life exposures to coupled stressors. Here we examine consequences of early life exposure to methylmercury (MeHg) under standard and reduced food ration. We exposed Daphnia for 24hours in ...
Hutchesson Melinda J - - 2014
Adherence and accuracy of self-monitoring of dietary intake influences success in weight management interventions. Information technologies such as computers and smartphones have the potential to improve adherence and accuracy by reducing the burden associated with monitoring dietary intake using traditional paper-based food records. We evaluated the acceptability and accuracy of ...
Bernstad Saraiva Schott A A Water and Environmental Engineering, Lund University, Kemicentrum, Box 124, 210 00 Lund, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2014
This article investigates potentials and environmental impacts related to household food waste minimization, based on a case study in Southern Sweden. In the study, the amount of avoidable and unavoidable food waste currently being disposed of by households was assessed through waste composition analyses and the different types of avoidable ...
Thrailkill Eric A EA University of Vermont. Electronic address: - - 2014
Food variety increases consumption and the rate of instrumental behavior that is reinforced by food in humans and animals. The present experiment investigated the relationship between the variety effect and habituation to food by testing the role of the interval between successive food presentations on responding in an operant food-seeking ...
Reeuwijk Noortje M NM a Netherlands Food and Consumer Product Safety Authority (NVWA) , Office for Risk Assessment and Research , Utrecht , The Netherlands - - 2014
Herbal food supplements, claiming to reduce weight, may contain active pharmacological ingredients (APIs) that can be used for the treatment of overweight and obesity. The aim of this study was to determine whether herbal food supplements for weight loss on the Dutch market contain APIs with weight loss properties. Herbal ...
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