Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 1856
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Tu Tao - - 2014
Thermophilic endo-polygalacturonases with high catalytic efficiency are of great interests in the food and feed industry. Here we identified an endo-polygalacturonase gene (pg7fn) of glycoside hydrolase family 28 in the thermophilic fungal Thielavia arenaria XZ7. Recombinant PG7fn produced in Pichia pastoris is distinguished from other enzyme counterparts by its high ...
Busch María M Departamento de Ecología, Genética y Evolución. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires; IEGEBA (Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas- UBA), Departamento de Ecología, Genética y Evolución. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales. Universidad de Buenos Aires, Av. Int. Cantilo s/n. Ciudad Universitaria. Pabellón 2. 4 piso. CP C 1428 - - 2014
Mus musculus is a pest in urban and rural habitats where it consumes and contaminates food and may transmit diseases to human and domestic animals. Its control by anticoagulants is partially effective because of aversive behaviours and resistance. In this context, we wanted to assess the potential of the use ...
Matassa Catherine M CM Marine Science Center, Northeastern University, East Point, Nahant, MA 01908, USA - - 2014
The ecological impacts of predation risk are influenced by how prey allocate foraging effort across periods of safety and danger. Foraging decisions depend on current danger, but also on the larger temporal, spatial or energetic context in which prey manage their risks of predation and starvation. Using a rocky intertidal ...
Johnson Amber E - - 2014
Factors influencing the use of dietary interventions for modification of CKD risk among African Americans have not been well-explored. We assessed perceived barriers and facilitators of CKD prevention through dietary modifications among African Americans with low socioeconomic status (SES) and at high risk for CKD. We conducted a qualitative study ...
Altundal Yucel Y Department of Physics and Applied Physics, University of Massachusetts Lowell, Lowell, MA 01854, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
We predict, for the first time, that by using United States Food and Drug Administration approved concentrations of cisplatin, major radiosensitization may be achieved via photoelectric mechanism during concomitant chemoradiotherapy (CCRT). Our analytical calculations estimate that radiotherapy (RT) dose to cancer cells may be enhanced via this mechanism by over ...
Dubowitz Tamara T 1RAND Corporation,4570 Fifth Avenue,Suite 600,Pittsburgh,PA - - 2014
To provide a richer understanding of food access and purchasing practices among US urban food desert residents and their association with diet and BMI. Data on food purchasing practices, dietary intake, height and weight from the primary food shopper in randomly selected households (n 1372) were collected. Audits of all ...
Kanoski Scott E SE Department of Biological Sciences, University of Southern - - 2014
Glucagon like peptide-1 receptor (GLP-1R) agonists and leptin each exert anorexigenic effects. In combination, the intake inhibitory and weight loss effects are greater than either treatment alone, however the mechanisms unclear. Effects of liraglutide (a long-acting GLP-1 analogue) and leptin co-treatment, delivered in low or moderate doses subcutaneously (SC) or ...
Sun Lijuan L Clinical Nutrition Research Centre, Singapore Institute for Clinical Sciences, Singapore 117609, - - 2014
Singapore is an island state that is composed of three major ethnic groups, namely Chinese, Malay and Indian. Its inhabitants consume food either using chopsticks (Chinese), fingers (Malay and Indian) or spoon (Chinese, Malay and Indian). Previous work by our group showed that the degree of mastication significantly influenced the ...
Eto Takeshi T Interdisciplinary Graduate School of Agriculture and Engineering, Kibana Campus, University of Miyazaki, Miyazaki 889-2192, - - 2014
Many small mammal species use torpor as a strategy for reducing energy expenditure in winter. Some rodent hibernators also hoard food to provide reserves of energy, and individuals with large hoards express less torpor than those with smaller reserves. These facts imply that animals can recognize levels of food availability, ...
Hanna Dalal E L DE McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, - - 2014
The methylated form of mercury (methylmercury) is a potent neurotoxicant and a contaminant of concern for fisheries because of its potential effects on ecosystem and human health. In Africa, inland fisheries are a crucial component of food and economic security, yet little information is available on Hg contamination trends. The ...
McKay Naomi J NJ Behavioral Neuroscience Program, Department of Psychology, The State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, New - - 2014
Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) is produced in the ileum and the nucleus of the solitary tract. It is well known that GLP-1 controls food intake, but there is a growing literature indicating that GLP-1 also is involved in fluid intake. It is not known, however, if the observed effects are pharmacological ...
Witczak Agata A a Department of Toxicology , West Pomeranian University of Technology , Szczecin , - - 2014
Currently, butter and margarine are food products attracting wide customer interest. Every day, consumers around the world buy these products for human consumption. Butter is obtained from milk fat, while margarine is derived from vegetable oils. The content of organochlorine pesticide (OCP) residues was examined in both types of these ...
Landor Michael M 1 Department of Medicine, Albert Einstein College of Medicine , New York, New York, - - 2014
ABSTRACT Species of Hoodia Sweet ex Decne., family Apocynaceae, a southern African succulent plant, have been recognized for their appetite suppressing properties. Products that support appetite and weight control have been developed in Israel from locally cultivated Hoodia spp. To study consumer acceptance, efficacy of, and tolerance for a frozen ...
Johnson Samuel S Warwick Mathematics Institute, and Centre for Complexity Science, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL, United Kingdom; - - 2014
Why are large, complex ecosystems stable? Both theory and simulations of current models predict the onset of instability with growing size and complexity, so for decades it has been conjectured that ecosystems must have some unidentified structural property exempting them from this outcome. We show that trophic coherence-a hitherto ignored ...
Young Gina Botello GB Joseph W. Jones Ecological Research Center, 3988 Jones Center Drive, Newton, GA 39870, U.S.A.; Odum School of Ecology, University of Georgia, 140 East Green Street, Athens, GA 30602, U.S.A.. - - 2014
Previous studies have used C and N isotope ratios to investigate the use of different food resources such as plant and animal detritus by container-breeding mosquitoes. This study is the first to report on the potential food resources assimilated by larval mosquitoes in agricultural and reference wetlands. Larval mosquitoes (Diptera: ...
Ramon Matthew M European Food Safety Authority, Parma, - - 2014
RNA interference (RNAi) is an emerging technology that offers new opportunities for the generation of new traits in genetically modified (GM) plants. Potential risks associated with RNAi-based GM plants and issues specific to their risk assessment were discussed during an international scientific workshop (June 2014) organized by the European Food ...
Auersperg Alice M I - - 2014
The playful (i.e., not overtly functional) combination of objects is considered a potential ontogenetic and phylogenetic precursor of technical problem solving abilities, as it may lead to affordance learning and honing of mechanical skills. We compared such activities in 6 avian species: 3 psittaciforms (black-headed caiques, red-shouldered macaws, and Goffin ...
Cherry C C Center for Animal Health and Food Safety, Veterinary Population Medicine Department, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota, 1354 Eckles Avenue, St. Paul, Minnesota 55108, - - 2014
Risk analysis is increasingly promoted as a tool to support science-based decisions regarding food safety. An online survey comprising 45 questions was used to gather information on the implementation of food safety risk analysis within the Latin American and Caribbean regions. Professionals working in food safety in academia, government, and ...
Kurka Ondřej O Regional Centre of Advanced Technologies and Materials, Department of Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Palacký University, 17. listopadu 12, 771 46, Olomouc, Czech - - 2014
Pyranoanthocyanins are formed during food treatment and maturation (e.g. wine, juices), and they can be considered a natural alternative to artificial food colorants. Tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) is perhaps the most important technique in analysis of anthocyanin dyes. Knowledge of fragmentation pattern is a key aspect of their successful structural ...
Ionescu-Ittu Raluca R Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics, and Occupational Health, McGill University 1020 Pine Ave West, Montreal, Quebec H3A 1A2 Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
The Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB) is a 2006 Canadian federal policy of income supplementation that provides parents with $100 monthly in Canadian dollars for each child aged <6years. The study main objective was to estimate the causal effect of UCCB on self-reported food insecurity overall and in vulnerable subgroups. ...
Mateescu Andreea Lorena - - 2014
The development of effective packaging materials is crucial, because food microorganisms determine economic and public health issues. The current paper describes some of the most recent findings in regards of food preservation through novel packaging methods, using biodegradable polymers, efficient antimicrobial agents and nanocomposites with improved mechanical and oxidation stability, ...
Schulz André A Institute for Health and Behaviour, Research Unit INSIDE, University of Luxembourg, Luxembourg; Institute of Psychobiology, Division of Clinical Psychophysiology, University of Trier, Trier, - - 2014
Nutritional state (i.e., fasting or nonfasting) may affect the processing of interoceptive signals, but mechanisms underlying this effect remain unclear. We investigated 16 healthy women on two separate days: when satiated (standardized food intake) and after an 18-h food deprivation period. On both days, heartbeat-evoked potentials (HEPs) and cardiac and ...
Kentish Stephen J SJ Discipline of Medicine, University of Adelaide, Frome Road, Adelaide, SA, 5005, Australia South Australian Health and Medical Research Institute, North Terrace, Adelaide, SA, 5000, - - 2014
Gastrointestinal (GI) vagal afferents are a key mediatory of food intake. Through a balance of responses to chemical and mechanical stimuli food intake can be tightly controlled via the ascending satiety signals initiated in the GI tract. However, vagal responses to both mechanical and chemical stimuli are modified in diet-induced ...
Duarte R B M RB Primate Center and Department of Physiological Sciences, Institute of Biology, University of Brasilia, CEP 70910-900 Brasilia, DF, - - 2014
The effect of a high (chocolate) versus low fat/sugar (chow) food on a conditioned-place-preference (CPP) task was evaluated in marmoset monkeys. Anxiety-related behaviors and cortisol levels before and after the CPP task were also measured. Subjects were habituated to a two-compartment CPP box and then, on alternate days, had access ...
Vilar-Compte Mireya M 1Health Department,Universidad Iberoamericana,Prolongación Paseo de la Reforma 880,Lomas de Santa Fe,01219 Mexico - - 2014
The present paper investigated the impact of the 2008 financial crisis on food security in Mexico and how it disproportionally affected vulnerable households. A generalized ordered logistic regression was estimated to assess the impact of the crisis on households' food security status. An ordinary least squares and a quantile regression ...
Shamim Abu Ahmed AA a The JiVitA Project , Gaibandha , - - 2014
Fortified blended foods (FBFs) are widely used to prevent undernutrition in early childhood in food-insecure settings. We field tested enhanced Wheat Soy Blend (WSB++)-a FBF fortified with micronutrients, milk powder, sugar, and oil-in preparation for a complementary food supplement (CFS) trial in rural northwestern Bangladesh. Formative work was conducted to ...
Schwarzmüller Florian F Georg August University Göttingen, J.F. Blumenbach Institute for Zoology and Anthropology, Berliner Str. 28, 37073, Göttingen, - - 2014
1.Human activities may compromise biodiversity if external stressors such as nutrient enrichment endanger overall network stability by inducing unstable dynamics. However, some ecosystems maintain relatively high diversity levels despite experiencing continuing disturbances. 2.This indicates that some intrinsic properties prevent unstable dynamics and resulting extinctions. Identifying these "ecosystem buffers" is crucial ...
Rist Pamela M PM Division of Preventive Medicine, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, USA Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, USA - - 2014
Several potential dietary trigger factors for migraine have been proposed. However, few studies have examined the intake pattern of these dietary items compared to adequate control populations and whether intake levels may vary by migraine aura status or attack frequency. We conducted a cross-sectional study among participants in the Women's ...
Wills Wendy J WJ Centre for Research in Primary and Community Care, University of Hertfordshire, College Lane, Hatfield, Hertfordshire, AL10 9AB, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Food stored, prepared, cooked and eaten at home contributes to foodborne disease which, globally, presents a significant public health burden. The aim of the study reported here was to investigate, analyse and interpret domestic kitchen practices in order to provide fresh insight about how the domestic setting might influence food ...
Mills Virginia C - - 2014
Dietary patterns provide insight into relationships between diet and disease. Food frequency questionnaires (FFQs) can identify dietary patterns in adults, but similar analyses have not been performed for toddlers. The aim of the Eating Assessment in Toddlers study was to evaluate the relative validity and reproducibility of dietary patterns from ...
Oostindjer Marije M Department of Chemistry, Biotechnology and Food Science, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Norway - - 2014
Aim: Increased food consumption and the related problem of obesity have spurred initiatives to motivate consumers to eat healthier. Some strategies have shown positive but only short-term effects, as consumers or other stakeholders do not accept them sufficiently in the long term. The aim of this study was to investigate ...
Feda Denise M DM Department of Pediatrics, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY, 14221. Electronic address: - - 2014
The interaction of food reinforcement and the inability to delay gratification are related to adult energy intake and obesity. This study was designed to test the association of sibling pair differences in relative reinforcing efficacy of food and delay discounting on sibling pair differences in zBMI scores of same-gender zBMI-discordant ...
Fisher J O JO Department of Public Health, Center for Obesity Research and Education, Temple University, Philadelphia, - - 2014
Establishing eating habits in early life that include appropriate portion sizes of foods which are nutrient dense and low in energy density is considered important in the prevention of obesity in children. This special supplement presents the proceedings of a symposium focusing on advances in scientific understanding of the development ...
Peters Rachel E RE Toxicology Graduate Program, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK S7N 5B3, - - 2014
Humans are constantly exposed to contaminants in the environment, which may lead to changes in physiological processes by altering enzyme activities that could affect bioavailability. However, bioavailability estimates are typically made from a single exposure to an animal model, which may lead to overestimating bioavailability. This study uses juvenile swine ...
Hendriksen Hendrikus H Division of Pharmacology, Utrecht Institute for Pharmaceutical Sciences, Utrecht University, Utrecht, the Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
We used the inescapable foot shock paradigm (IFS) in rats as an animal model for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Previously we showed that exercise reversed the enhanced stress sensitivity induced by IFS. From literature it is known that food restriction has antidepressant and anxiolytic effects. Since both treatments influence energy ...
Oniciuc Elena-Alexandra EA Faculty of Food Science and Engineering, Dunarea de Jos University of Galati, - - 2014
The illegal entrance of foods to EU through black markets at the EU borders can constitute a neglected route of dissemination of foodborne pathogens, and in particular of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). In this study, we have assessed the presence of MRSA in foods sold in a black market at ...
Albin Stephanie S Division of Allergy and Immunology, Department of Pediatrics, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, One Gustave L. Levy Place, Box 1198, New York, NY 10029, - - 2015
This article presents an overview of potential treatments of food allergy, with an emphasis on various forms of immunotherapy (including oral immunotherapy, sublingual immunotherapy, epicutaneous immunotherapy, immunotherapy with modified food antigens, and immunotherapy with a recombinant peanut vaccine). Allergen nonspecific treatments, such as Chinese herbal formulas, probiotics/prebiotics, helminths, monoclonal antibodies, ...
Hutsell Blake A BA Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
We have previously demonstrated reductions in cocaine choice produced by either continuous 14-day phendimetrazine and d-amphetamine treatment or removing cocaine availability under a cocaine vs. food choice procedure in rhesus monkeys. The aim of the present investigation was to apply the concatenated generalized matching law (GML) to cocaine vs. food ...
Han Eunah E School of Environmental Science & Engineering, Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology, Gwangju 500-712, Republic of Korea; Ocean Science and Technology Institute, Pohang University of Sciences and Technology, Pohang 790-784, Republic of - - 2014
We examined trophic relationships in a newly established community 1.5years after the Hebei Spirit oil spill on the west coast of Korea. Carbon and nitrogen stable isotope ratios in consumers and their potential food sources were compared between the oil-spill site and reference site, located 13.5km from the oil-spill spot. ...
Moulin Laure L Laboratoire de Biologie Marine, Université Libre de Bruxelles, CP 160/15, Avenue F.D. Roosevelt 50, 1050 Bruxelles, Belgium; Laboratoire d'Ecologie Numérique des Milieux Aquatiques, Institut des Biosciences, Université de Mons, 23 Place du Parc, B7000 Mons, Belgium. Electronic address: - - 2014
Recent research on the impact of ocean acidification (OA) has highlighted that it is important to conduct long-term experiments including ecosystem interactions in order to better predict the possible effects of elevated pCO2. The goal of the present study was to assess the long-term impact of OA on a suite ...
Bean Tom G TG Environment Department, University of York, York YO10 5DD, - - 2014
Many wildlife species forage on sewage-contaminated food, for example, at wastewater treatment plants and on fields fertilized with sewage sludge. The resultant exposure to human pharmaceuticals remains poorly studied for terrestrial species. On the basis of predicted exposure levels in the wild, we administered the common antidepressant fluoxetine (FLUOX) or ...
Munafo Jr John P JP Rutgers-The State University of New Jersey, Plant Biology and Pathology, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA. - - 2014
Covering: 1989 up to 2014Plants from the Lilium genus are a rich source of chemical diversity and have been the focus of natural products chemistry research for over twenty years. This manuscript provides a background on the chemistry and nomenclature of steroidal glycosides, as well as a chronological account of ...
Becker Daniela D Department of Social Psychology, University of Amsterdam. Electronic address: - - 2014
Dual-process models propose that impulsive behavior plays a key role in the development and maintenance of maladaptive eating patterns. Research outside the eating domain suggests that approach avoidance training, a paradigm which aims to modify automatic behavioral dispositions toward critical stimuli, is an effective tool to weaken unhealthy impulses. The ...
Urban Jonathan D JD ToxStrategies, Inc., 9390 Research Blvd, Suite 250, Austin, TX 78717, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Steviol glycoside sweeteners are extracted from the plant Stevia rebaudiana (Bertoni), a member of the Asteraceae (Compositae) family. Many plants from this family can induce hypersensitivity reactions via multiple routes of exposure (e.g., ragweed, goldenrod, chrysanthemum, echinacea, chamomile, lettuce, sunflower and chicory). Based on this common taxonomy, some popular media ...
Chen Wei-Hsin WH Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan 701, Taiwan, ROC. Electronic address: - - 2014
Following first-generation and second-generation biofuels produced from food and non-food crops, respectively, algal biomass has become an important feedstock for the production of third-generation biofuels. Microalgal biomass is characterized by rapid growth and high carbon fixing efficiency when they grow. On account of potential of mass production and greenhouse gas ...
Nadeau Luc L a Independent , Investigator , Longmont , Colorado , - - 2014
The use of insects as food for humans has the potential to substantially reduce undernutrition worldwide. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations estimates that 805 million people are undernourished, with a total food energy deficit of 67.6 billion kcal/day (84 kcal/day/person). Calculations in this article suggest that ...
Ruczyński Ireneusz I Sensory Ecology Group, Max Planck Institute for Ornithology, Eberhard-Gwinner-Straße 11, 82319 Seewiesen, Germany Mammal Research Institute PAS, Waszkiewicza 1, 17-230 Białowieża, Poland - - 2014
Bats, some species of rodents and some birds are able to save energy during the summer period by decreasing their body temperature and falling into torpor. Some studies indicate that torpor prevents sleeping and causes effects similar to sleep deprivation. Impairment of processes stabilizing memory slows down learning accuracy and ...
Riding Matthew J MJ Lancaster Environment Centre, Lancaster University, Lancaster LA1 4YQ, United - - 2014
As the global population is expected to reach 9 billion by 2050, humanity needs to balance an ever increasing demand for food, energy and natural resources, with sustainable management of ecosystems and the vital services that they provide. The intensification of agriculture, including the use of fertilisers from finite sources, ...
Musher-Eizenman Dara R DR Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, OH, - - 2014
This study examined whether young children include eating in their cognitive scripts for various events, and whether food-related scripts are associated with body mass index (BMI) percentile. Data were collected in a structured interview format. Participants, recruited from area preschools and day cares, provided a four-activity sequence for each of ...
Shahan Timothy A TA Utah State University, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Resurgence is relapse of an extinguished operant response following the removal of alternative reinforcement. In animal models of resurgence to date, rats have been food deprived and food is used as the source of alternative reinforcement. Thus, when the alternative reinforcer is removed, the only remaining source of food during ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >