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McGowan L L Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, UK. - - 2012
Strategies to achieve healthier diets for children are likely to benefit from an understanding of the determinants. We examined environmental and individual predictors of children's intake of 'core' foods (fruit and vegetables) and 'non-core' foods (snacks and sweetened beverages). Predictors included parental intake, home availability, parental feeding styles (Encouragement and ...
Bentayeb Karim - - 2012
Set-off is the unintentional transfer of substances used in printing from the external printed surface of food packaging to the inner, food-contact surface. Ambient Ionization Accurate Mass Spectrometry (AMI-AMS) detected and identified compounds from print set-off not visible to the human eye. AMI mass spectra from inner and outer surfaces ...
McQueen Heather - - 2012
Glyphosate is a herbicide in common use, in both agricultural and residential settings. Controlled residue studies show that glyphosate persists in food crops, allowing for the potential of a large number of people to be exposed. Glyphosate is generally considered safe however there are a number of studies suggesting formulations ...
Saha Ratul R Dept of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, NSF Intl, 789 N Dixboro Rd, Ann Arbor, MI 48105, USA. - - 2012
Pseudomonas fluorescens ATCC 13525 is used as the challenge organism to evaluate the efficacy of the clean-in-place (CIP) process of food equipment (automatic ice-maker) as per NSF/ANSI Standard 12. Traditional culturing methodology is presently used to determine the concentration of the challenge organism, which takes 48 h to confirm the ...
Burkhardt Mary Carol - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES:Infants who live in households experiencing food insecurity are at risk for negative health and developmental outcomes. Despite large numbers of households within our population experiencing food insecurity, identification of household food insecurity during standard clinical care is rare. The objective of this study was to use quality-improvement ...
Schneider Kristin L KL University of Massachusetts Medical School, Department of Medicine, Division of Preventive and Behavioral Medicine, 55 Lake Avenue North, Worcester, MA 01655, USA. - - 2012
We assessed the validity of the emotional eating scale (EES) by examining whether the EES predicted food intake following two negative mood inductions. Participants underwent mood inductions for anxiety, anger and neutral mood, then received snack foods in a sham palatability test. EES anxiety, but not anger, predicted intake. Participants ...
Shindell Drew - - 2012
Tropospheric ozone and black carbon (BC) contribute to both degraded air quality and global warming. We considered ~400 emission control measures to reduce these pollutants by using current technology and experience. We identified 14 measures targeting methane and BC emissions that reduce projected global mean warming ~0.5°C by 2050. This ...
Osborne Chelsea L - - 2012
This study sought to determine how eight days of home exposure to information about healthful foods and eating behaviors in the form of children's books and a variety of fruit and vegetables interacted to affect 4- to 8-year-old children's (N=59) consumption of fruit and vegetables. Before and after the home ...
Panek-Scarborough Leah M - - 2012
Chronic overeating can lead to weight gain and obesity. Sensory system function may play a role in the types of foods people select and the amount of food people eat. Several studies have shown that the orosensory components of eating play a strong role in driving food intake and food ...
Smithers L G LG Discipline of Public Health, School of Population Health and Clinical Practice, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia. - - 2012
Data from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) have previously shown that dietary patterns are observable by 3 years. However, it is not clear when dietary patterns emerge. We aimed to describe dietary patterns in early life and their associations with maternal and infant sociodemographic characteristics. Principal ...
Martin Katie S - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Literature on food environments has expanded rapidly, yet most research focuses on stores and community characteristics without integrating customer-level data. The present study combines customer shopping behaviour with store food inventory data. DESIGN: Face-to-face interviews were conducted with customers shopping in corner stores to measure food shopping behaviour, household ...
Alberts H J E M - - 2012
This study explored the efficacy of a mindfulness-based intervention for problematic eating behavior. A non-clinical sample of 26 women with disordered eating behavior was randomly assigned to an 8-week MBCT-based eating intervention or a waiting list control group. Data were collected at baseline and after 8weeks. Compared to controls, participants ...
Nasir Mohd Taib Mohd - - 2012
This study aimed to determine the relationship between child feeding practices, food habits, and anthropometric indicators with cognitive performance of preschoolers aged 4-6years in Peninsular Malaysia (n=1933). Parents were interviewed on socio-demographic background, nutrition knowledge, child feeding practices and food habits. Height and weight of the preschoolers were measured; BMI-for-age, ...
Lamichhane Archana P - - 2012
To evaluate the associations of supermarket and fast-food outlet accessibility and availability with dietary intake among youth with diabetes. Subjects' residential location and dietary intake was obtained from the SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth study. Food outlet data obtained from the South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control and ...
Rigby Samantha - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Examine whether neighborhood characteristics of racial composition, income, and rurality were related to distribution of Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP)-accepting stores in Leon County, Florida. DESIGN: Cross-sectional; neighborhood and food store data collected in 2008. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Forty-eight census tracts as proxy of neighborhoods in Leon County, Florida. ...
Duarte S C - - 2012
Dietary exposure to the ochratoxin A (OTA) occurring in Portugal is characterized by a high frequency of contamination of the consumed foodstuffs, although at low levels. The exposure bears significance for the total food consumed, and not for a particular one. Biomonitoring studies are thus fundamental in simplifying the evaluation ...
Rigal Natalie - - 2012
The main objectives of the present study were to validate measures of young children's eating difficulties and maternal feeding practices in a French sample, as well as to assess the links between these practices and children's eating difficulties. Mothers (n=502) of French children aged 20-36months completed four questionnaires that were ...
Robinson Eric - - 2012
Novel ways to increase liking and intake of food are needed to encourage acceptance of healthier food. How enjoyable we remember food to have been is likely to be a significant predictor of food choice. Two studies examined whether remembered enjoyment of eating a food can be increased and whether ...
Gearhardt Ashley N - - 2012
There is a pressing need to reduce both the prevalence and impact of obesity. This review begins with a discussion of the roles of treatment and prevention. Two overriding issues, weight bias and the addictive nature of food, are covered because of their importance not only to the individuals affected ...
Sand Salomon - - 2012
The median dietary cadmium exposure for adults in Sweden is around 1μg/kg/week and the upper 95th and 99th percentiles are 1.6-1.8 and 1.9-2.2μg/kg/week, respectively. Potatoes and wheat flour were the most important food categories, contributing with 40-50% to the exposure. Differences in dietary patterns between high and low exposed individuals ...
Weiser Sheri D - - 2012
We undertook a longitudinal study in rural Uganda to understand the association of food insecurity with morbidity and patterns of healthcare utilization among HIV-infected individuals enrolled in an antiretroviral therapy program. Longitudinal cohort study. Participants were enrolled from the Uganda AIDS Rural Treatment Outcomes cohort, and underwent quarterly structured interviews ...
Crisafulli Giuseppe - - 2012
Food allergy is an increasingly prevalent disease in western countries, but an effective form of therapy has not yet been found. A specific active treatment for immunoglobulin E (IgE)-mediated food allergy is currently under study in human clinical trials. Allergen-specific approaches include oral, sublingual and epicutaneous immunotherapy. Currently, reports on ...
Nigg Joel T - - 2012
The role of diet and of food colors in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or its symptoms warrants updated quantitative meta-analysis, in light of recent divergent policy in Europe and the United States. Studies were identified through a literature search using the PubMed, Cochrane Library, and PsycNET databases through February 2011. Twenty-four ...
Krishnan Murali - - 2012
Pasta, a delicious meal favorite and the signature dish of many of the world's most famous chefs and a bonding comfort meal for millions all over the world, it has been recognized as an identifying ingredient of traditional healthy Mediterranean and Latin American meals. Pasta has come a long way ...
Granner Michelle L - - 2012
To assess the measurement properties of several scales modified or created to assess factors related to fruit and vegetable intake within a young adolescent population. Cross-sectional with data collected via self-report. Data were collected in regularly scheduled classes in the school setting. African American and Caucasian middle school students (ages ...
Hazir Tabish - - 2012
Inappropriate timing of introducing complementary food deprives the infant of optimum nutrition, leading to undernutrition, and increased mortality and morbidity. The aim of this analysis was to identify determinants of inappropriate timing of introduction of solid, semi-solid and soft foods in Pakistan. Data on 941 infants 3.00 to 8.99 months ...
Klenotich Stephanie J - - 2012
Animals housed with running wheels and subjected to daily food restriction show paradoxical reductions in food intake and increases in running wheel activity. This phenomenon, known as activity-based anorexia (ABA), leads to marked reductions in body weight that can ultimately lead to death. Recently, ABA has been proposed as a ...
Pellegrino Katia - - 2012
An 8-year-old child during the first year of life manifested severe atopic dermatitis and chronic diarrhea with mucorrhea and rectal bleeding; a fish-free diet was started based on weakly positive skin-prick tests to codfish extract. At the age of 4 years the child began to suffer of recurrent pancreatitis. When ...
Pimentel Gustavo D - - 2012
Historically, in the 1950s, the chemist Linus Pauling established a relationship between decreased longevity and obesity. At this time, with the advent of studies involving the mechanisms that modulate appetite control, some researchers observed that the hypothalamus is the "appetite centre" and that peripheral tissues have important roles in the ...
Lee Ju-Hoon - - 2012
Bacillus cereus is generally found in soil habitats, and it contaminates a wide variety of foods, causing food poisoning with symptoms such as vomiting and diarrhea. To develop a novel biocontrol agent to inhibit this pathogen, bacteriophage BCP78 belonging to the Siphoviridae family was isolated from a fermented food sample. ...
Tiyou Ayele - - 2012
In resource limited settings, many People Living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) lack access to sufficient quantities of nutritious foods, which poses additional challenges to the success of antiretroviral therapy (ART). Maintaining adequate food consumption and nutrient intake levels and meeting the special nutritional needs to cope up with the disease and ...
Deacon Robert R Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford. - - 2012
Deterioration in the ability to perform "Activities of daily living" (ADL) is an early sign of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Preclinical behavioural screening of possible treatments for AD currently largely focuses on cognitive testing, which frequently demands expensive equipment and lots of experimenter time. However, human episodic memory (the most severely ...
Huang Mei-Hua MH Division of Geriatrics, Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, University of California, Los Angeles, California, USA. - - 2012
Phytoestrogens, heterocyclic phenols found in plants, may benefit several health outcomes. However, epidemiologic studies of the health effects of dietary phytoestrogens have yielded mixed results, in part due to challenges inherent in estimating dietary intakes. The goal of this study was to improve the estimates of dietary phytoestrogen consumption using ...
Grace Randolph C RC Department of Psychology, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand. - - 2012
A magnitude effect in human intertemporal choice is well established-larger rewards or outcomes are discounted over time at a lower rate than are smaller rewards. However, many recent studies have failed to find a corresponding effect in nonhuman animals. Here we report a magnitude effect in temporal discounting for pigeons' ...
Mantis N J NJ Division of Infectious Diseases, Wadsworth Center, NYDOH, 120 New Scotland Ave, Albany, NY 12208, USA. - - 2012
Bioterrorism is the deliberate release of biological toxins, pathogenic viruses, bacteria, parasites, or other infectious agents into the public sphere with the objective of causing panic, illness, and/or death on a local, regional, or possibly national scale. The list of potential biological agents compiled by the Centers for Disease Control ...
Etow Alexis M - - 2012
The newest approach to discouraging children's unhealthy eating habits, amidst increasing rates of childhood obesity and other diet-related diseases, seeks to ban something that is not even edible. In 2010, San Francisco enacted the Healthy Food Incentives Ordinance, which prohibits toys in kids' meals if the meals do not meet ...
Ivanovski B B Department of Food Science, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, - - 2012
Consumption of soy protein has been associated with benefits related to numerous areas of health. Due to the widespread consumption of bread, one means of contributing to the health of individuals is through the incorporation of soy protein into bread. To this end, soy flour (SF) or soy protein isolates ...
Bourdichon François - - 2012
Microbial food cultures have directly or indirectly come under various regulatory frameworks in the course of the last decades. Several of those regulatory frameworks put emphasis on "the history of use", "traditional food", or "general recognition of safety". Authoritative lists of microorganisms with a documented use in food have therefore ...
Panchaud Alexandre - - 2011
We describe nutritional peptidomics for discovery and validation of bioactive food peptide and their health effects. Understanding nature and bioactivity of nutritional peptides means comprehending an important level of environmental regulation of the human genome, because diet is the environmental factor with the most profound life-long influence on health. We ...
Cockburn Andrew - - 2011
A systematic, tiered approach to assess the safety of engineered nanomaterials (ENMs) in foods is presented. The ENM is first compared to its non-nano form counterpart to determine if ENM-specific assessment is required. Of highest concern from a toxicological perspective are ENMs which have potential for systemic translocation, are insoluble ...
Rutz Christian - - 2011
New Caledonian (NC) crows Corvus moneduloides are the most prolific avian tool users. In the wild, they use at least three distinct tool types to extract invertebrate prey from deadwood and vegetation, with some of their tools requiring complex manufacture, modification and/or deployment. Experiments with captive-bred, hand-raised NC crows have ...
Greif Meredith J - - 2011
Identifying the factors that lead to sexual risk behavior is crucial in addressing the HIV epidemic in sub-Saharan Africa. Scholars have primarily relied on traditional measures of SES (income, wealth, and education) to predict risk, overlooking measures of deprivation in important social arenas such as housing, medical care, and food ...
Tangney Christy C - - 2011
A growing body of evidence is supportive of the influence of nutritional factors on cognitive health. There is evidence relating nutrition to cognitive measures to assess cognitive change over time, but such functional changes may not reflect the neuroanatomic or pathologic alterations that have occurred. Brain imaging may complement clinical ...
Pays Olivier - - 2011
Vigilance allows individuals to escape from predators, but it also reduces time for other activities which determine fitness, in particular resource acquisition. The principles determining how prey trade time between the detection of predators and food acquisition are not fully understood, particularly in herbivores because of many potential confounding factors ...
Chen Chen - - 2011
Chlorpyrifos is a widely used organophosphorus insecticide in agricultural pest control. To understand the residue behavior of chlorpyrifos and to evaluate the dietary risk of chlorpyrifos residue in food in China, a number of residue studies were conducted on rice and cabbage. The supervised trials median residues (STMRs) for rice ...
Negri Rossella - - 2011
OBJECTIVES:: The extent to which variation in taste perception influences food preferences is to date controversial. Bitterness in food triggers an innate aversion responsible for dietary restriction in children. We investigated the association between genetic variations in bitter receptor TAS2R38 and food choices in healthy children in the Mediterranean area, ...
- - 2011
In 2002, the Council of State and Territorial Epidemiologists (CSTE) conducted its first national food safety epidemiology capacity assessment, which provided the basis for development of minimum performance standards to guide state and local foodborne disease control programs. During April 2010, CSTE sent states a follow-up, web-based questionnaire to gather ...
Naja F - - 2011
PURPOSE: The main objective of this study was to evaluate the association between dietary patterns and the metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its metabolic abnormalities among Lebanese adults, using data from a national nutrition survey. METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis involving adults aged ≥18 years (n = 323) with no prior history of chronic diseases ...
Cury Philippe M - - 2011
Determining the form of key predator-prey relationships is critical for understanding marine ecosystem dynamics. Using a comprehensive global database, we quantified the effect of fluctuations in food abundance on seabird breeding success. We identified a threshold in prey (fish and krill, termed "forage fish") abundance below which seabirds experience consistently ...
Ramón José Manuel - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: The different bariatric surgical techniques have an influence on food tolerance and the presence of vomiting. There have been few studies on the impact of these techniques on the quality of food intake. PATIENTS AND METHOD: A prospective and comparative study was performed on a consecutive patient cohort operated ...
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