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Results 201 - 250 of 1856
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Singh Jitender J Plant Molecular Biology Group, International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, New Delhi, India; School of Life Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, - - 2014
Despite the declarations and collective measures taken to eradicate hunger at World Food Summits, food security remains one of the biggest issues that we are faced with. The current scenario could worsen due to the alarming increase in world population, further compounded by adverse climatic conditions, such as increase in ...
Rodriguez-Mateos Ana A Division of Cardiology, Pulmonology and Vascular Medicine, Medical Faculty, University of Duessseldorf, 40225, Duesseldorf, - - 2014
There is substantial interest in the role of plant secondary metabolites as protective dietary agents. In particular, the involvement of flavonoids and related compounds has become a major topic in human nutrition research. Evidence from epidemiological and human intervention studies is emerging regarding the protective effects of various (poly)phenol-rich foods ...
Kuijer Roeline G RG a Department of Psychology , University of Canterbury , Private Bag 4800, Christchurch 8140 , New - - 2014
Abstract The increase in obesity and the many educational messages prompting us to eat a healthy diet have heightened people's concerns about the effects of food choice on health and weight. An unintended side effect may be that such awareness fuels feelings of guilt and worry about food. Although guilt ...
Garland Alexis A Victoria University of Wellington, School of Psychology. Electronic address: - - 2014
This experiment aimed to investigate proto-arithmetic ability in a wild population of New Zealand robins. We investigated numerical competence from the context of computation: behavioural responses to arithmetic operations over small numbers of prey objects (mealworms). Robins' behavioural responses (such as search time) to the simple addition and subtraction problems ...
Zhang Sheng S College of Materials and Engineering, Central South University of Forestry and Technology, Changsha 410004, PR - - 2015
We isolated and purified polysaccharides from the Camellia oleifera Abel. fruit hull and studied its hypoglycemic potential. Our results revealed six polysaccharides (CFPA-1-5 & CFPB) from the aqueous extract from the defatted C. oleifera fruit hull. Purified polysaccharides (purity >90%) were investigated for the inhibition of α-glucosidase activity in vitro. ...
Agnew Wendy W Veterinary Specialist Services, Cnr Lexington and Logan Roads, Underwood, Queensland 4119, Australia - - 2014
Inappetence is a commonly encountered problem in feline medicine. Primary goals in managing the inappetent or anorectic cat are to diagnose and treat the underlying disease and reinstate adequate nutrition. As cats are intolerant of prolonged periods of inadequate nutritional intake, especially given their propensity to develop hepatic lipidosis, their ...
Perrine Cria G CG Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia; US Public Health Service Commissioned Corps, Atlanta, Georgia; and - - 2014
Breastfeeding has been associated with early infant food preferences, but less is known about how breastfeeding is associated with later child diet. The objective of this study was to assess whether any and exclusive breastfeeding duration are associated with child diet at 6 years. We linked data from the Infant ...
Horak Katherine K U.S. Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, National Wildlife Research Center, Fort Collins, Colorado 80521, USA. - - 2014
The issue of food insecurity affects millions of people in the United States every year. Often these people rely on soup kitchens, food banks, and shelters for proper meals, and these organizations often depend on donations to meet needs. One of the most limited food resources is meat. To help ...
Lowe Cassandra J CJ From the School of Public Health and Health Systems (C.L., P.A.H.) and Department of Kinesiology (P.A.H., W.R.S.), University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, - - 2014
Prior research has demonstrated that executive function (EF) strength is positively associated with dietary self-control. As such, the differential operation of the brain centers underlying EFs (i.e., dorsolateral prefrontal cortex [DLPFC]) may explain controlled aspects of dietary self-control. The present study was designed to examine the causal relationship between DLPFC ...
Lambertini Francesca F Barilla Food Research Labs, via Mantova 166, 43122, Parma, - - 2014
Primary aromatic amines (PAAs) can migrate from packaging into food from different sources such as polyurethanic adhesives used for the manufacture of multilayer films, which may contain residual aromatic isocyanates, or recycled paperboard, because of the presence of azo dyes in the printed paper massively used in the recycling process. ...
Gomez Juan L JL Department of Behavioral Neuroscience, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, - - 2014
Alcohol use and abuse patterns have created a need for novel treatment models. Current research has turned its focus on reward pathways associated with intrinsic necessities, such as feeding. Theories suggest that drugs of abuse seize control of natural reward pathways and dysregulate normal function, leading to chronic addiction. One ...
Lifshitz Fima - - 2014
The epidemic of obesity is a well-known phenomenon affecting the world population. This pandemic has occurred since the 1980's with increasing frequency, despite multiple attempts and recommendations to mitigate the prevalence of obesity and its co-morbidities. The causes of obesity have been recognized and are largely related to a genetic ...
Nasreen Sharifa S James P. Grant School of Public Health, BRAC University, Dhaka 1212, - - 2014
We conducted this study to investigate the magnitude of food adulteration during 1995-2011 and consumer awareness in Dhaka city. We reviewed results of food sample testing by Public Health Food Laboratory of Dhaka City Corporation, Bangladesh Standards and Testing Institution, Consumers Association of Bangladesh publications, reports from lay press, including ...
Kim Jessica Y JY Department of Cell and Neurobiology, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90033, - - 2014
Anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS) increase libido and sexual behavior, but the underlying behavioral mechanisms are unclear. One way AAS may enhance expression of sexual behavior is by increasing the willingness to work for sex. In the present study, sexually-experienced male rats received daily injections of testosterone at supraphysiologic doses (7.5mg/kg in ...
Kimani-Murage E W EW African Population and Health Research Centre, Nairobi, Kenya, P.O. Box 10787, 00100, Nairobi, Kenya, - - 2014
Food and nutrition security is critical for economic development due to the role of nutrition in healthy growth and human capital development. Slum residents, already grossly affected by chronic poverty, are highly vulnerable to different forms of shocks, including those arising from political instability. This study describes the food security ...
Wang Xiangyong X Key Laboratory of Food Safety Risk Assessment, Ministry of Health, China National Center for Food Safety Risk Assessment, Beijing 100021, China; State Key Laboratory of Food Science and Technology, Nanchang University, Nanchang 330047, - - 2014
Sea fish consuming is an important intake source of dioxin-like compounds, especially for the coastal residents. To assess the intake levels of these contaminants from sea fish and to provide risk-based consumption advice, concentrations of 17 polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs) and 12 dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls (dl-PCBs) were measured in ...
Lotfizadeh Amin D AD Department of Psychology, Western Michigan - - 2014
Several studies using non-pharmacological discriminative stimuli have found that stimulus control, as evident in generalization gradients, changes when motivation for (i.e., deprivation of) the relevant reinforcer is altered. Drug-discrimination studies, however, have not consistently revealed such an effect. A procedural detail that may account for the lack of a reliable ...
Ptomey Lauren T LT Cardiovascular Research Institute, Division of Internal Medicine, The University of Kansas Medical Center, 3901 Rainbow Boulevard, Kansas City, KS 66160, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Dietary assessment of adolescents with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) is challenging due to the limited cognitive abilities of this population. The purpose of this study was to determine the feasibility of using of digital images to improve the estimates of energy and macronutrient intake from proxy-assisted 3-day food records ...
Guan Lei L School of Nature Conservation, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing, - - 2014
Carex meadows are critical habitat for wintering geese in the floodplains of the middle and lower reaches of Yangtze River, China. These meadows follow a growth cycle closely tied to the seasonal hydrological fluctuation: as water levels recede in the fall, exposed mudflats provide habitat for Carex spp. growth. The ...
Sampson Hugh A - - 2014
This parameter was developed by the Joint Task Force on Practice Parameters, representing the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology (AAAAI); the American College of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology (ACAAI); and the Joint Council of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology (JCAAI). The AAAAI and the ACAAI have jointly accepted responsibility ...
Colombo Valentina V CAPIM (Centre for Aquatic Pollution Identification and Management), Department of Zoology, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC 3010, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Environmental stimuli can induce plastic changes in life history traits, and stimuli experienced by parents can be transmitted to the next generation ("transgenerational") through the inheritance of factors unrelated to changes in DNA sequences. Transgenerational effects are common in species living in habitats subjected to recurrent stressful events, such as ...
O'Sullivan T A TA School of Exercise and Health Science, Edith Cowan University, Joondalup, WA, - - 2014
Dairy intake is likely to influence dietary energy density (ED) and nutrient density (ND), which are factors representing aspects of dietary quality. Although evidence suggests dairy intake is unlikely to contribute to obesity, intake tends to decrease over adolescence, potentially as a result of concerns around weight gain. We examined ...
Yokum Sonja S Oregon Research Institute, 1776 Millrace Drive, Eugene Oregon, 97403, - - 2014
Adolescents view thousands of food commercials annually, but little is known about how individual differences in neural response to food commercials relate to weight gain. To add to our understanding of individual risk factors for unhealthy weight gain and environmental contributions to the obesity epidemic, we tested the associations between ...
Khanh Van Tran T National Institute of Nutrition, Ministry of Health, Hanoi, - - 2014
Fortified rice has the potential to improve the micronutrients status of vulnerable populations. However, fortified rice has to have acceptable organoleptic--the sensory properties of a particular food--qualities. Few data exist on the acceptability of fortified rice in Asia. To assess the acceptability of two types of fortified rice (cold and ...
Lasekan Ola O Faculty of Food Science and Technology, University Putra Malaysia, Serdang, - - 2014
Berries and berry extracts are known to possess properties (i.e., phenolic acids, flavonoids, and anthocyanins) that make them important in disease prevention. Observational studies have shown that many berries may hold promise for public health. However, the long-term impact of berries intake on specific populations and their functionality claims has ...
Miao Yanfei Y School of Biotechnology and Pharmaceutical Engineering, Nanjing Tech University , Nanjing , China - - 2014
Abstract The purpose of this work was to develop self-nanomulsifying drug delivery systems (SNEDDS) in sustained-release pellets of ziprasidone to enhance the oral bioavailability and overcome the food effect of ziprasidone. Preformulation studies including screening of excipients for solubility and pseudo-ternary phase diagrams suggested the suitability of Capmul MCM as ...
Tseng Marilyn M Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, Melbourne Burwood Campus, 221 Burwood Highway, Burwood, VIC 3125, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
An aggregate index is potentially useful to represent neighbourhood obesogenicity. We created a conceptually-based obesogenicity index and examined its association with body mass index (BMI) among 3786 women (age 18-45y) in socio-economically disadvantaged neighbourhoods in Victoria, Australia. The index included 3 items from each of 3 domains: food resources (supermarkets, ...
Bernal Jennifer J Department of Biologic and Biochemical Processes, Universidad Simón Bolívar, Caracas, - - 2014
Household food insecurity has substantial detrimental effects on children, but little is known about the mechanisms through which these effects occur. This study investigated some possible mechanisms by examining associations of food insecurity reported by children and mothers with daily activities, school absenteeism, and stunting. We conducted a cross-sectional study ...
Vartanian Lenny R LR School of Psychology, UNSW Australia, Sydney, NSW, 2052, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
This paper reviews recent research on consumption stereotypes (judgments of others based on what they eat) and impression management (modifying one's eating behavior in order to create a particular impression). A major recent focus in the literature has been on masculinity and meat eating, with research showing that meat is ...
Rodríguez-Lázaro David D InstitutoTecnológicoAgrario de Castilla y León (ITACyL), Valladolid, Spain; Microbiology Section, Faculty of Sciences, University of Burgos, Burgos, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
The emergence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in food-producing animals has provoked a great concern in the presence of MRSA in associated foodstuff. In this study, we have assessed for the first time the presence of MRSA in food confiscated from non-EU flights. We performed a search for MRSA among ...
Widener Michael J MJ Department of Geography, University of Cincinnati, PO Box 210131, Cincinnati, OH 45221-0131, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The food desert concept is used as a means for defining regions as having inadequate spatial and socioeconomic access to vendors selling nutritious foods. This primarily aggregate-level and static method for understanding the food environment is commonly used by researchers and policy makers seeking to improve health outcomes of those ...
Lammi Carmen C Dipartimento di Scienze Farmaceutiche, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milan, - - 2015
Since saving time and money are critical issues while developing innovative functional foods and nutraceutics, the use of specific and high-throughput assays for the fast screening of potentially bioactive ingredients is crucial. In this context, the aim of the present investigation was the development of an in-cell Western (ICW) assay, ...
Bae Wookeun - - 2014
Commercial activated carbon is a highly effective absorbent that can be used to remove micropollutants from water. As a result, the demand for activated carbon is increasing. In this study, we investigated the optimum manufacturing conditions for producing activated carbon from ligneous wastes generated from food processing. Jujube seeds and ...
Cladis Dennis P DP Department of Nutrition Science, Purdue University, Stone Hall, 700 West State Street, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907-2059, - - 2014
Seventy-seven finfish species (300 composites of three fish) were obtained from commercial vendors in six regions of the United States: Great Lakes, mid-Atlantic, New England, northwest, southeast, and southwest. Total mercury in fish muscle tissue ranged from 1 ppb (channel catfish) to 1,425 ppb (king mackerel). Of the top 10 ...
Jacquemin Justine J 1 Biodiversity Monitoring and Assessment, Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences, Rue Vautier 29, B-1000 Brussels, - - 2014
Abstract Ants of the genus Tatuidris Brown and Kempf (Formicidae: Agroecomyrmecinae) generally occur at low abundances in forests of Central and South America. Their morphological peculiarities, such as mandibular brushes, are presumably linked with specialized predatory habits. Our aims were to (1) assess the Tatuidris abundance in an evergreen premontane ...
Tolzman Casey - - 2014
The US Department of Agriculture has identified an area in La Crosse, Wisconsin as a food desert-a low-income area with a low level of access to a grocery store or healthy, affordable food outlet. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence and potential predictors of severe food ...
Eldredge Christina - - 2014
The prevalence of potentially fatal food allergies in school-aged children is rising. It is important for schools to have a food allergy management policy and an emergency action plan for each affected student. To examine the current status of food allergy guideline and/or policy implementation and adoption in a large ...
Moran M Susan - - 2014
Grasslands across the United States play a key role in regional livelihood and national food security. Yet, it is still unclear how this important resource will respond to the prolonged warm droughts and more intense rainfall events predicted with climate change. The early 21st-century drought in the southwestern United States ...
Guerrero Natalie - - 2014
Food insecurity is a public health concern estimated to affect 18 million American households nationally, which can result in chronic nutritional deficiencies and other health risks. The relationships between food insecurity and specific demographic and geographic factors in Wisconsin are not well documented. The goals of this paper are to ...
Berciano Silvia S IMDEA Alimentación, Madrid, - - 2014
A multitude of studies have been published on the relationship between cardiovascular disease risk and a variety of nutrients, foods, and dietary patterns. Despite the well-accepted notion that diet has a significant influence on the development and prevention of cardiovascular disease, the foods considered healthy and harmful have varied over ...
Ho Lee-Hoon LH Food Technology Division, School of Industrial Technology, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 Minden, Penang, - - 2015
This review focuses on providing informations on potential uses of durian, an exotic tropical fruit as a source of food, as well as a potential therapeutic agent. Apart from disseminating details on the traditional value, in this review we have focussed on the nutritional composition, presence of bioactive compounds, volatiles, ...
Bordenave Nicolas N PepsiCo, Inc., Global R&D - Technical Insights, 617 W Main Street, Barrington, IL 60010, United States. Electronic address: - - 2015
This study aimed at evaluating the adequacy of calculation methods for portions to be provided to subjects in clinical trials evaluating glycemic response to foods. Portion sizes were calculated for 140 food samples, based on Nutrition Facts labels (current practice) and actual available carbohydrate content (current recommendation), and compared against ...
Tribe David D a Agriculture and Food Systems ; University of Melbourne ; Parkville , - - 2014
Australia is a federation of States. This political structure necessitates collaborative arrangements between Australian governments to harmonize national regulation of gene technology and food standards. Extensive political negotiation among institutions of federal government has managed regulation of GM crops and food. Well-developed human resources in Australian government provided numerous policy ...
Roberts David R - - 2014
Climate change vulnerability assessments for species of conservation concern often use species distribution and ecological niche modeling to project changes in habitat. One of many assumptions of these approaches is that food web dependencies are consistent in time and environmental space. Species at higher trophic levels that rely on the ...
Claro Rafael Moreira RM Departamento de Nutrição, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, - - 2014
The study aims to describe trends in food consumption away from home in Brazil from 2002-2003 to 2008-2009 and to analyze the influence of income on this behavior. The authors used data collected by the Household Budget Surveys conducted by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE) in 2002-2003 ...
Britton Carla L - - 2014
Norovirus outbreaks occur worldwide and have been associated with congregate settings (e.g., military and recreational camps). Investigation of a norovirus outbreak at a wildland fire base camp identified 49 (27%) illnesses among approximately 180 responders. Epidemiologic evidence implicated a restaurant as the infection source. Eight (89%) of nine wildland fire ...
Olubobokun Th T Department of Physiology, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, University of Uyo, Uyo, Akwa Ibom State, - - 2014
Food intake is regulated by the complex interaction of psychological and physiological events associated with ingestion. Food that increases short-term satiety decreases the amount of energy ingested subsequently and thus could potentially help in weight management in the long run. Potato, a common starchy tuber in our environment is believed ...
Rönnqvist M M Department of Food Hygiene and Environmental Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Helsinki - - 2014
Human noroviruses (HuNoVs), a worldwide leading cause of foodborne gastroenteritis, are easily transferred via ready-to-eat (RTE) foods, often prepared by infected food handlers. In this study, the transmission of HuNoV and murine norovirus (MuNoV) was inspected from virus-contaminated hands to latex gloves during gloving, as well as from virus-contaminated donor ...
Ponce Carlos C Department of Evolutionary Ecology, Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales, CSIC José Gutiérrez Abascal 2, Madrid, E-28006, - - 2014
Studies evaluating agri-environmental schemes (AES) usually focus on responses of single species or functional groups. Analyses are generally based on simple habitat measurements but ignore food availability and other important factors. This can limit our understanding of the ultimate causes determining the reactions of birds to AES. We investigated these ...
Hu Yuan Y FDA, Northeast Regional Laboratory, 158-15 Liberty Avenue, Jamaica, NY, USA, - - 2014
Infections by food-borne viruses such as hepatitis A virus (HAV) and norovirus are significant public health concerns worldwide. Since food-borne viruses are rarely confirmed through direct isolation from contaminated samples, highly sensitive molecular techniques remain the methods of choice for the detection of viral genetic material. Our group has previously ...
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