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Lasekan Ola O Faculty of Food Science and Technology, University Putra Malaysia, Serdang, - - 2014
Berries and berry extracts are known to possess properties (i.e., phenolic acids, flavonoids, and anthocyanins) that make them important in disease prevention. Observational studies have shown that many berries may hold promise for public health. However, the long-term impact of berries intake on specific populations and their functionality claims has ...
Miao Yanfei Y School of Biotechnology and Pharmaceutical Engineering, Nanjing Tech University , Nanjing , China - - 2014
Abstract The purpose of this work was to develop self-nanomulsifying drug delivery systems (SNEDDS) in sustained-release pellets of ziprasidone to enhance the oral bioavailability and overcome the food effect of ziprasidone. Preformulation studies including screening of excipients for solubility and pseudo-ternary phase diagrams suggested the suitability of Capmul MCM as ...
Tseng Marilyn M Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, Melbourne Burwood Campus, 221 Burwood Highway, Burwood, VIC 3125, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
An aggregate index is potentially useful to represent neighbourhood obesogenicity. We created a conceptually-based obesogenicity index and examined its association with body mass index (BMI) among 3786 women (age 18-45y) in socio-economically disadvantaged neighbourhoods in Victoria, Australia. The index included 3 items from each of 3 domains: food resources (supermarkets, ...
Bernal Jennifer J Department of Biologic and Biochemical Processes, Universidad Simón Bolívar, Caracas, - - 2014
Household food insecurity has substantial detrimental effects on children, but little is known about the mechanisms through which these effects occur. This study investigated some possible mechanisms by examining associations of food insecurity reported by children and mothers with daily activities, school absenteeism, and stunting. We conducted a cross-sectional study ...
Vartanian Lenny R LR School of Psychology, UNSW Australia, Sydney, NSW, 2052, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
This paper reviews recent research on consumption stereotypes (judgments of others based on what they eat) and impression management (modifying one's eating behavior in order to create a particular impression). A major recent focus in the literature has been on masculinity and meat eating, with research showing that meat is ...
Rodríguez-Lázaro David D InstitutoTecnológicoAgrario de Castilla y León (ITACyL), Valladolid, Spain; Microbiology Section, Faculty of Sciences, University of Burgos, Burgos, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
The emergence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in food-producing animals has provoked a great concern in the presence of MRSA in associated foodstuff. In this study, we have assessed for the first time the presence of MRSA in food confiscated from non-EU flights. We performed a search for MRSA among ...
Widener Michael J MJ Department of Geography, University of Cincinnati, PO Box 210131, Cincinnati, OH 45221-0131, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The food desert concept is used as a means for defining regions as having inadequate spatial and socioeconomic access to vendors selling nutritious foods. This primarily aggregate-level and static method for understanding the food environment is commonly used by researchers and policy makers seeking to improve health outcomes of those ...
Lammi Carmen C Dipartimento di Scienze Farmaceutiche, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milan, - - 2015
Since saving time and money are critical issues while developing innovative functional foods and nutraceutics, the use of specific and high-throughput assays for the fast screening of potentially bioactive ingredients is crucial. In this context, the aim of the present investigation was the development of an in-cell Western (ICW) assay, ...
Bae Wookeun - - 2014
Commercial activated carbon is a highly effective absorbent that can be used to remove micropollutants from water. As a result, the demand for activated carbon is increasing. In this study, we investigated the optimum manufacturing conditions for producing activated carbon from ligneous wastes generated from food processing. Jujube seeds and ...
Cladis Dennis P DP Department of Nutrition Science, Purdue University, Stone Hall, 700 West State Street, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907-2059, - - 2014
Seventy-seven finfish species (300 composites of three fish) were obtained from commercial vendors in six regions of the United States: Great Lakes, mid-Atlantic, New England, northwest, southeast, and southwest. Total mercury in fish muscle tissue ranged from 1 ppb (channel catfish) to 1,425 ppb (king mackerel). Of the top 10 ...
Jacquemin Justine J 1 Biodiversity Monitoring and Assessment, Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences, Rue Vautier 29, B-1000 Brussels, - - 2014
Abstract Ants of the genus Tatuidris Brown and Kempf (Formicidae: Agroecomyrmecinae) generally occur at low abundances in forests of Central and South America. Their morphological peculiarities, such as mandibular brushes, are presumably linked with specialized predatory habits. Our aims were to (1) assess the Tatuidris abundance in an evergreen premontane ...
Guerrero Natalie - - 2014
Food insecurity is a public health concern estimated to affect 18 million American households nationally, which can result in chronic nutritional deficiencies and other health risks. The relationships between food insecurity and specific demographic and geographic factors in Wisconsin are not well documented. The goals of this paper are to ...
Tolzman Casey - - 2014
The US Department of Agriculture has identified an area in La Crosse, Wisconsin as a food desert-a low-income area with a low level of access to a grocery store or healthy, affordable food outlet. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence and potential predictors of severe food ...
Eldredge Christina - - 2014
The prevalence of potentially fatal food allergies in school-aged children is rising. It is important for schools to have a food allergy management policy and an emergency action plan for each affected student. To examine the current status of food allergy guideline and/or policy implementation and adoption in a large ...
Moran M Susan - - 2014
Grasslands across the United States play a key role in regional livelihood and national food security. Yet, it is still unclear how this important resource will respond to the prolonged warm droughts and more intense rainfall events predicted with climate change. The early 21st-century drought in the southwestern United States ...
Berciano Silvia S IMDEA Alimentación, Madrid, - - 2014
A multitude of studies have been published on the relationship between cardiovascular disease risk and a variety of nutrients, foods, and dietary patterns. Despite the well-accepted notion that diet has a significant influence on the development and prevention of cardiovascular disease, the foods considered healthy and harmful have varied over ...
Ho Lee-Hoon LH Food Technology Division, School of Industrial Technology, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 Minden, Penang, - - 2015
This review focuses on providing informations on potential uses of durian, an exotic tropical fruit as a source of food, as well as a potential therapeutic agent. Apart from disseminating details on the traditional value, in this review we have focussed on the nutritional composition, presence of bioactive compounds, volatiles, ...
Bordenave Nicolas N PepsiCo, Inc., Global R&D - Technical Insights, 617 W Main Street, Barrington, IL 60010, United States. Electronic address: - - 2015
This study aimed at evaluating the adequacy of calculation methods for portions to be provided to subjects in clinical trials evaluating glycemic response to foods. Portion sizes were calculated for 140 food samples, based on Nutrition Facts labels (current practice) and actual available carbohydrate content (current recommendation), and compared against ...
Roberts David R - - 2014
Climate change vulnerability assessments for species of conservation concern often use species distribution and ecological niche modeling to project changes in habitat. One of many assumptions of these approaches is that food web dependencies are consistent in time and environmental space. Species at higher trophic levels that rely on the ...
Claro Rafael Moreira RM Departamento de Nutrição, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, - - 2014
The study aims to describe trends in food consumption away from home in Brazil from 2002-2003 to 2008-2009 and to analyze the influence of income on this behavior. The authors used data collected by the Household Budget Surveys conducted by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE) in 2002-2003 ...
Britton Carla L - - 2014
Norovirus outbreaks occur worldwide and have been associated with congregate settings (e.g., military and recreational camps). Investigation of a norovirus outbreak at a wildland fire base camp identified 49 (27%) illnesses among approximately 180 responders. Epidemiologic evidence implicated a restaurant as the infection source. Eight (89%) of nine wildland fire ...
Olubobokun Th T Department of Physiology, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, University of Uyo, Uyo, Akwa Ibom State, - - 2014
Food intake is regulated by the complex interaction of psychological and physiological events associated with ingestion. Food that increases short-term satiety decreases the amount of energy ingested subsequently and thus could potentially help in weight management in the long run. Potato, a common starchy tuber in our environment is believed ...
Rönnqvist M M Department of Food Hygiene and Environmental Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Helsinki - - 2014
Human noroviruses (HuNoVs), a worldwide leading cause of foodborne gastroenteritis, are easily transferred via ready-to-eat (RTE) foods, often prepared by infected food handlers. In this study, the transmission of HuNoV and murine norovirus (MuNoV) was inspected from virus-contaminated hands to latex gloves during gloving, as well as from virus-contaminated donor ...
Ponce Carlos C Department of Evolutionary Ecology, Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales, CSIC José Gutiérrez Abascal 2, Madrid, E-28006, - - 2014
Studies evaluating agri-environmental schemes (AES) usually focus on responses of single species or functional groups. Analyses are generally based on simple habitat measurements but ignore food availability and other important factors. This can limit our understanding of the ultimate causes determining the reactions of birds to AES. We investigated these ...
Hu Yuan Y FDA, Northeast Regional Laboratory, 158-15 Liberty Avenue, Jamaica, NY, USA, - - 2014
Infections by food-borne viruses such as hepatitis A virus (HAV) and norovirus are significant public health concerns worldwide. Since food-borne viruses are rarely confirmed through direct isolation from contaminated samples, highly sensitive molecular techniques remain the methods of choice for the detection of viral genetic material. Our group has previously ...
Grosso Giuseppe G Department of Clinical and Molecular Biomedicine, Section of Pharmacology and Biochemistry, University of Catania, Catania, Italy; Department of Epidemiology and Population Studies, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Krakow, Poland. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this study was to estimate the intake of known individual polyphenols and their major dietary sources in the Polish arm of the HAPIEE (Health, Alcohol and Psychosocial factors In Eastern Europe) study. A total of 10,477 random sample (45-69 y) of urban population of Krakow, Poland, completed ...
Vora Neil M - - 2014
Bats provide vital ecologic services that humans benefit from, such as seed dispersal and pest control, and are a food source for some human populations. However, bats also are reservoirs for a number of high-consequence zoonoses, including paramyxoviruses, filoviruses, and lyssaviruses. The variety of viruses that bats harbor might be ...
Corcoran Aaron J AJ Biology, Univ. of Maryland, 4309 Rowalt Dr. #201, College Park, MD 20740, - - 2014
We here describe field experiments testing whether bats adaptively produce sounds to interfere with ("jam") the echolocation of other bats. Visual observations, low-light videography, and ultrasound recording with microphone arrays allowing reconstruction of bat flight paths were used to document interactions between Mexican free-tailed bats (Tadarida brasiliensis) at two foraging ...
Van der Poel Wim Hm WH Central Veterinary Institute of Wageningen University and Research Centre, Edelhertweg 15, 8219 PH Lelystad, The Netherlands; National Consortium for Zoonosis Research, University of Liverpool, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
Hepatitis E virus (HEV), genus Hepevirus, family hepeviridae is a main cause of epidemic hepatitis in developing countries and single cases of hepatitis in higher income countries. There are at least four HEV genotypes which have different epidemiologic and clinical features. Hepatitis E viruses are often transmitted via food and ...
Cortés-Rojas Diego Francisco DF Laboratory of R&D on Pharmaceutical Processes-LAPROFAR-Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas de Ribeirão Preto/USP, Av. do Café s/n, Bloco Q, 14040-903, Ribeirão Preto, SP, - - 2014
Clove (Syzygium aromaticum) is one of the most valuable spices that has been used for centuries as food preservative and for many medicinal purposes. Clove is native of Indonesia but nowadays is cultured in several parts of the world including Brazil in the state of Bahia. This plant represents one ...
Goyal Ankit A Dairy Chemistry Division, National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal, Haryana India - - 2014
Flaxseed is emerging as an important functional food ingredient because of its rich contents of α-linolenic acid (ALA, omega-3 fatty acid), lignans, and fiber. Flaxseed oil, fibers and flax lignans have potential health benefits such as in reduction of cardiovascular disease, atherosclerosis, diabetes, cancer, arthritis, osteoporosis, autoimmune and neurological disorders. ...
Fillion Myriam M Centre for Advanced Research in Environmental Genomics, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, - - 2014
Current social and environmental changes in the Arctic challenge the health and well-being of its residents. Developing evidence-informed adaptive measures in response to these changes is a priority for communities, governments and researchers. To develop strategic planning to promote food security and food safety in the Inuvialuit Settlement Region (ISR), ...
Hoffmann Diane E - - 2014
The development and marketing of new probiotic products, substances containing live microorganisms that have a beneficial effect on the human body, have dramatically increased over the last few years. This article examines how the Food and Drug Administration and Federal Trade Commission currently regulate probiotics and makes recommendations as to ...
Newell Felicia D - - 2014
This paper aims to assess the affordability of a nutritious diet for households earning minimum wage in Nova Scotia (NS) from 2002 to 2012 using an economic simulation that includes food costing and secondary data. The cost of the National Nutritious Food Basket (NNFB) was assessed with a stratified, random ...
Birdi Tannaz J TJ . - - 2014
Melghat, situated in Amravati District of Maharashtra, India is a tribal region with amongst the highest numbers of malnutrition cases. This paper focuses on possible causes of malnutrition in the Dharni block of Melghat. Quantitative survey recorded the existing burden of malnutrition, kitchen garden (KG) practices, Public Distribution System, food ...
Meyer Kirstin S KS Oregon Institute of Marine Biology, Charleston, Oregon, United States of - - 2014
We report on the distribution and abundance of megafauna on a deep-water rocky reef (1796-2373 m) in the Fram Strait, west of Svalbard. Biodiversity and population density are high, with a maximum average of 26.7±0.9 species m-2 and 418.1±49.6 individuals m-2 on the east side of the reef summit. These ...
Kumar Tyagi Amit A 0000-0001-9792-7029 Applied Microbiology Laboratory, Centre for Rural Development & Technology, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, New Delhi 110 016, India ; Dipartimento di Scienze degli Alimenti, Università degli Studi di Bologna, Sede di Cesena, Piazza G. Goidanich 60, 47023 Cesena, - - 2014
In this study, the application of eucalyptus essential oil/vapour as beverages preservative is reported. The chemical composition of eucalyptus oil was determined by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and solid phase microextraction GC-MS (SPME/GC-MS) analyses. GC-MS revealed that the major constituents were 1,8-cineole (80.5%), limonene (6.5%), α-pinene (5%), and γ-terpinene (2.9%) ...
Hutson Royce A RA School of Social Work, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan, United States of - - 2014
Recent commentary on the health consequences of natural disasters has suggested a dearth of research on understanding the antecedents prior to the disaster that are associated with health consequences after the disaster. Utilizing data from a two-wave panel survey of Port-au-Prince, Haiti, conducted just prior to and six weeks after ...
Hagenbucher Steffen S Agroscope, Institute for Sustainability Sciences (ISS), Zurich, - - 2014
Bt-transgenic cotton has proven to be highly efficient in controlling key lepidopteran pests. One concern with the deployment of Bt cotton varieties is the potential proliferation of non-target pests. We previously showed that Bt cotton contained lower concentrations of insecticidal terpenoids as a result of reduced caterpillar damage, which benefited ...
Savalli Carine C Department of Public Politics and Public Health, Federal University of São Paulo, Santos, SP, - - 2014
The ability of dogs to use human communicative signals has been exhaustively studied. However, few studies have focused on the production of communicative signals by dogs. The current study investigated if dogs are able to communicate by using directional signals towards some desirable object in the environment and also if ...
Zabel Florian F Department of Geography, Ludwig Maximilians University, Munich, - - 2014
Changing natural conditions determine the land's suitability for agriculture. The growing demand for food, feed, fiber and bioenergy increases pressure on land and causes trade-offs between different uses of land and ecosystem services. Accordingly, an inventory is required on the changing potentially suitable areas for agriculture under changing climate conditions. ...
Bennett Allyson J AJ Department of Psychology, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin, USA; Harlow Primate Laboratory, Wisconsin National Primate Research Center, Madison, Wisconsin, USA. - - 2014
Continued progress to move evidence-based best practices into community and regulatory animal welfare standards depends in part on developing common metrics to assess cost, benefit, and relative value. Here we describe a model approach to evidence-based evaluation and an example of comprehensive cost-benefit assessment for a common element of environmental ...
Sellitto Manuela M Dipartimento di Psicologia, Università di Bologna, Bologna, Italy; Centro studi e ricerche in Neuroscienze Cognitive, Polo Scientifico-Didattico di Cesena, Cesena, - - 2014
Growing evidence suggests that the ability to control behavior is enhanced in contexts in which errors are more frequent. Here we investigated whether pairing desirable food with errors could decrease impulsive choice during hypothetical temporal decisions about food. To this end, healthy women performed a Stop-signal task in which one ...
Casas María I MI Center for Applied Plant Sciences, The Ohio State University Columbus, OH, USA ; Molecular Cellular and Developmental Biology Graduate Program, The Ohio State University Columbus, OH, USA ; Department of Molecular Genetics, The Ohio State University Columbus, OH, - - 2014
Agricultural outputs have resulted in food production continuously expanding. To satisfy the needs of a fast growing human population, higher yields, more efficient food processing, and food esthetic value, new crop varieties with higher caloric intake have and continue to be developed, but which lack many phytochemicals important for plant ...
Kistner Andrea A Movement Disorder Unit, Department of Psychiatry and Neurology, University Hospital Grenoble , Grenoble , France ; Institut national de la santé et de la recherche médicale, Unité 836, Equipe 11, Grenoble Institut des Neurosciences , Grenoble , - - 2014
Several prospective epidemiological studies on large cohorts have consistently reported an association between milk intake and a higher incidence of Parkinson's disease (PD). Pesticide contamination of milk and milk's urate-lowering effects have been put forward as risk factors to explain epidemiological data. This has led to considerable uncertainty among physicians ...
Meule Adrian A Institute of Psychology, University of Würzburg, Marcusstr. 9-11, Würzburg 97070, Germany. - - 2014
The idea that specific kind of foods may have an addiction potential and that some forms of overeating may represent an addicted behavior has been discussed for decades. In recent years, the interest in food addiction is growing and research on this topic lead to more precise definitions and assessment ...
Anagnostou Katherine K Department of Paediatric Allergy, Guy's and St Thomas' Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Westminster Bridge Road, London, - - 2014
Peanut allergy is common and can be a cause of severe, life-threatening reactions. It is rarely outgrown like other food allergies, such as egg and milk. Peanut allergy has a significant effect on the quality of life of sufferers and their families, due to dietary and social restrictions, but mainly ...
Miura Kyoko K School of Public Health and Social Work, Faculty of Health, Queensland University of Technology, Kelvin Grove, Queensland, Australia; Cancer and Population Studies Group, QIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute, Herston, Queensland, - - 2014
To examine whether psychosocial factors mediate (explain) the association between socioeconomic position and takeaway food consumption. A cross-sectional postal survey conducted in 2009. Participants reported their usual consumption of 22 takeaway food items, and these were grouped into a "healthy" and "less healthy" index based on each items' nutritional properties. ...
Stears Keenan K School of Life Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Pietermaritzburg, South - - 2014
Two key factors that influence the foraging behaviour of group-living herbivores are food availability and individual dominance status. Yet, how the combination of these factors influences the patch-joining decisions of individuals foraging within groups has scarcely been explored. To address this, we focused on the patch-joining decisions of group-living domestic ...
Kin Adrian A Society of Friends of Earth Sciences PHACOPS, Warsaw, - - 2014
A new horseshoe crab species, Limulus darwini, is described from the uppermost Jurassic (ca. 148 Ma) near-shore sediments of the Kcynia Formation, central Poland. The only extant species Limulus polyphemus (Linnaeus) inhabits brackish-marine, shallow water environments of the east coast of the United States. Here it is shown that there ...
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