Search Results
Results 101 - 150 of 1856
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
van der Fels-Klerx H J Ine HJ RIKILT, Wageningen University and Research Centre, PO Box 230, Wageningen NL-6700 AE, The - - 2014
In order to ensure the food safety, risk managers may implement measures to reduce human exposure to contaminants via food consumption. The evaluation of the effect of a measure is often an overlooked step in risk analysis process. The aim of this study was to develop a systematic approach for ...
Viana Inés G IG The Ecosystems Center, Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole, MA 02534, USA; Instituto Español de Oceanografía, Centro Oceanográfico de La Coruña, Apdo. 130, 15080 La Coruña, - - 2014
Stable isotopic N, C, and S in food webs of 8 mangrove estuaries on the Pacific coast of Panama were measured to 1) determine whether the degree of deforestation of tropical forests on the contributing watersheds was detectable within the estuarine food web, and 2) define external sources of the ...
Kazemi M M a Department of Horticultural Science , College of Agricultural Science and Natural Resources, Tehran Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University , Tehran , - - 2014
The objectives of this study were to determine the antiaflatoxin B1 activity in vitro of the essential oil (EO) extracted from the seeds of Carum copticum and to evaluate its antifungal activity in vivo as a potential food preservative. The C. copticum EO exhibited noticeable inhibition on dry mycelium and ...
Johner S A SA Department of Nutritional Epidemiology, DONALD Study Centre Dortmund, Branch Laboratory of the Faculty of Agriculture, University of Bonn, Bonn, - - 2014
A high dietary salt intake is a serious risk factor for the development of hypertension. Daily salt intake in most of the European countries substantially exceeds the current recommendations of salt intake. For Germany, so far, no valid biomarker-based data on current daily salt intake are available. Data basis for ...
Romeo Aznar Victoria V Departamento de Física, FCEN-UBA and IFIBA-CONICET, Argentina. Electronic address: - - 2014
We discuss the preimaginal development of the mosquito Aedes aegypti from the point of view of the statistics of developmental times and the final body-size of the pupae and adults. We begin the discussion studying existing models in relation to published data for the mosquito. The data suggest a developmental ...
Pechey Rachel R Behaviour and Health Research Unit, Institute of Public Health, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 0SR, United - - 2014
Background: Those of lower socioeconomic status (SES) tend to have less healthy diets than those of higher SES. This study aimed to assess whether differences in motivations for particular foods might contribute to socioeconomic differences in consumption. Methods: Participants (n = 732) rated their frequency of consumption and explicit liking of fruit, ...
McNeil Jessica J Behavioural and Metabolic Research Unit, School of Human Kinetics, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario K1N 6N5, - - 2014
It is unknown whether an acute bout of calorie-matched aerobic and resistance exercise alters food reward in a similar manner. Thus, we examined the effects of isocaloric resistance and aerobic exercise sessions on acute food reward. Sixteen men and women (age: 21.9 ± 2.6 years; BMI: 22.8 ± 1.8 kg/m(2)) participated in three randomized crossover ...
Ryan Kelsey N KN From the Department of Pediatrics, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO (KNR, MIO, EDC, and MJM), and the Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics, University of California, Davis, Davis, CA (KPA and - - 2014
Ready-to-use therapeutic food (RUTF) is the standard of care for children suffering from noncomplicated severe acute malnutrition (SAM). The objective was to develop a comprehensive linear programming (LP) tool to create novel RUTF formulations for Ethiopia. A systematic approach that surveyed international and national crop and animal food databases was ...
Folkvord Frans F Behavioural Science Institute BSI, Communication Science, Radboud University, Thomas van Aquinostraat 2, Nijmegen 6526 GD, Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study examined the potential moderating role of attentional bias (i.e., gaze duration, number of fixations, latency of initial fixation) in the effect of advergames promoting energy-dense snacks on children's snack intake. A randomized between-subject design was conducted with 92 children who played an advergame that promoted either energy-dense snacks ...
Higgs Suzanne S School of Psychology, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Social norms are implicit codes of conduct that provide a guide to appropriate action. There is ample evidence that social norms about eating have a powerful effect on both food choice and amounts consumed. This review explores the reasons why people follow social eating norms and the factors that moderate ...
Anderson G Harvey GH Department of Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Medicine,University of Toronto,150 College Street,Toronto,ON,CanadaM5S - - 2014
Whole pulses (beans, peas, chickpeas and lentils) elicit low postprandial blood glucose (BG) responses in adults; however, their consumption in North America is low. One potential strategy to increase the dietary intake of pulses is the utilisation of commercial pulse powders in food products; however, it is unclear whether they ...
Kiguchi Osamu O Faculty of Bioresource Sciences, Akita Prefectural University, 241-438 Kaidobata-nishi, Shimoshinjo-nakano, Akita 010-0195, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
To assess food safety emergencies caused by highly hazardous chemical-tainted foods, simultaneous analysis of organophosphorus insecticides in fatty foods such as precooked foods was conducted using thin-layer chromatography/direct analysis in real time time-of-flight mass spectrometry (TLC/DART-TOFMS) and isotope dilution technique. Polar (methamidophos and acephate) and nonpolar organophosphorus insecticides (fenitrothion, diazinon, ...
Zhang Bin B Department of Anatomy, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin, China; Clinical Affective Neuroimaging Laboratory, Department of Psychiatry, Otto von Guericke University, Magdeburg, - - 2014
Obesity as a chronic disease has become a global epidemic. However, why obese individuals eat more still remains unclear. Recent functional neuroimaging studies have found abnormal brain activations in obese people. In the present study, we used resting state functional MRI to observe spontaneous blood-oxygen-level dependent (BOLD) signal fluctuations during ...
Corman Hope H Rider University and National Bureau of Economic Research, 2083 Lawrenceville Rd., Lawrenceville, NJ 08648, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Extremely little is known about the effects of health on food insecurity despite strong associations between the two and a theoretical basis for this avenue of inquiry. This study uses data from two national birth cohort studies in the U.S., the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort (N = ∼9400) from 2001 to ...
Wang De-Gao DG Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, Dalian Maritime University, Dalian, PR China. Electronic address: - - 2014
Chlorinated flame retardants, particularly dechlorane plus (DP), were widely used in commercial applications and are ubiquitous in the environment. A total of seven species of aquatic organisms were collected concurrently from the region of a chemical production facility in Huai'an, China. DP and structurally related compounds including mirex, dechloranes 602, ...
Lau Evelyn E Clinical Nutrition Research Centre, Singapore Institute for Clinical Sciences, 14 Medical Drive, #07-02, Singapore 117599, - - 2015
Bread is a staple food that is traditionally made from wheat flour. This study aimed to compare the starch digestibility of western baked bread and oriental steamed bread. Four types of bread were prepared: western baked bread (WBB) and oriental steamed bread (OSB), modified baked bread (MBB) made with the ...
Duijns Sjoerd S Department of Marine Ecology, Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research (NIOZ), P.O. Box 59, 1790, AB Den Burg, Texel, The - - 2014
1.Mechanistic insights and predictive understanding of the spatial distributions of foragers are typically derived by fitting either field measurements on intake rates and food abundance, or observations from controlled experiments, to functional response models. It has remained unclear, however, whether and why one approach should be favoured above the other, ...
Gao Wei W College of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, The Key Laboratory of Water and Sediment Sciences, Ministry of Education, Peking University, 100871 Beijing, - - 2014
Due to a rapid increase in human population and development of neighborhood economy over the last few decades, nitrogen (N) and other nutrient inputs in Lake Dianchi drainage basin have increased dramatically, changing the lake's trophic classification from oligotrophic to eutrophic. Although human activities are considered as main causes for ...
Byker Carmen C Montana State University, Department of Health and Human Development, Bozeman, MT - - 2014
Backpack programs across the United States distribute easy-to-prepare foods in a backpack to potentially food-insecure students on Fridays to help reduce weekend hunger. This study used Healthy Eating Index 2010 (HEI-2010) to assess foods provided in Montana backpack programs. Healthy Eating Index 2010 measures compliance with the 2010 Dietary Guidelines ...
Zilberman David D Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics, University of California, - - 2014
The role that agricultural biotechnology can play in the mitigation of climate change has been ignored in the new IPCC report (IPCC 2014). This is unfortunate in light of results seen in a growing body of literature, which show that genetic engineering (GE) has already contributed to the reduction of ...
Scazzina Francesca F Human Nutrition Unit, Department of Food Science, University of Parma, Parco Area delle Scienze, 95/A, 43124, Parma, PR, - - 2014
Gluten-free products present major challenges for the food industry in terms of organoleptic, technological and nutritional characteristics. The absence of gluten has been shown to affect starch digestibility, thus increasing the postprandial glycaemic response. However, in recent years, gluten-free technologies have been improved, thus possibly modifying this quality parameter. We ...
Smith Pete P Scottish Food Security Alliance-Crops & Institute of Biological and Environmental Sciences,University of Aberdeen,23 St Machar Drive,Aberdeen AB24 - - 2014
In 1798, Thomas Robert Malthus published 'An essay on the principle of population' in which he concluded that: 'The power of population is so superior to the power of the earth to produce subsistence for man, that premature death must in some shape or other visit the human race.' Over ...
Verbeke Wim W Department of Agricultural Economics, Ghent University, Coupure links 653, Gent B-9000, Belgium. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study evaluates the attitudes and perspectives of different stakeholder groups (agricultural producers, pesticide manufacturers, trading companies, retailers, regulators, food safety authorities, scientists and NGOs) towards the concepts of cumulative and aggregate exposure assessment of pesticides by means of qualitative in-depth interviews (n = 15) and a quantitative stakeholder survey (n = 65). The ...
Longacre Meghan R MR Community Health Research Program, The Hood Center for Children and Families, The Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth, Lebanon, NH, USA; Department of Pediatrics, The Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth, Lebanon, NH, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
To examine whether school food attenuates household income-related disparities in adolescents' frequency of fruit and vegetable intake (FVI). Telephone surveys were conducted between 2007-2008 with adolescent-parent dyads from Northern New England; participants were randomly assigned to be surveyed at different times throughout the year. The main analysis comprised 1,542 adolescents ...
Forman Evan M EM Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The current manuscript proposes an acceptance-based, self-regulation framework for understanding the challenge of weight maintenance and describes how this framework can be integrated into the behavioral treatment of obesity. According to this framework, intrinsic drives to consume palatable, high-calorie food interact with a modern environment in which high calorie foods ...
Holmes Nathan M NM School of Psychology, University of New South Wales, Sydney NSW 2052, - - 2014
Four experiments used rats to study appetitive-aversive transfer. Rats trained to eat a palatable food in a distinctive context and shocked in that context ate and did not freeze when tested 1 d later but froze and did not eat when tested 14 d later. These results were associatively mediated ...
Dekkers Arnold Lm AL National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, The Netherlands - - 2014
For the evaluation of both the adequacy of intakes and the risk of excessive intakes of micronutrients, all potential sources should be included. In addition to micronutrients naturally present in foods, micronutrients can also be derived from fortified foods and dietary supplements. In the estimation of the habitual intake, this ...
Shanahan Lilly L University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Living with food allergy is a unique and potentially life-threatening stressor that requires constant vigilance to food-related stimuli, but little is known about whether adolescents with food allergies are at increased risk for psychopathology-concurrently and over time. Data came from the prospective-longitudinal Great Smoky Mountains Study. Adolescents (N=1420) were recruited ...
Sousa Sílvia G SG a QOPNA; Departamento de Química, Universidade de Aveiro, Campus Universitário de Santiago , 3810-193 Aveiro , - - 2014
Human milk is seen not only as a food, but as a functional and dynamic biologic system. It provides nutrients, bioactive components and immune factors, promoting adequate and healthy growth of newborn infants. When mothers cannot supply their children, donated breast milk is the nutrition recommended by the World Health ...
Werthmann Jessica J Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience,Maastricht University,The - - 2014
Living in an 'obesogenic' environment poses a serious challenge for weight maintenance. However, many people are able to maintain a healthy weight indicating that not everybody is equally susceptible to the temptations of this food environment. The way in which someone perceives and reacts to food cues, that is, cognitive ...
Busse Peter P Instituto de Estudios Peruanos, Lima, Perú - - 2014
While there is already consensus in the scientific community about the deleterious effects of TV exposure, especially through TV advertisements, on children's beliefs, preferences, and food intake, the link between TV and children's eating behaviors is under-studied in Peru, a country experiencing a steady economic growth in recent years and ...
Kemps Eva E a School of Psychology , Flinders University , Adelaide , - - 2014
Abstract This study aimed to investigate the existence of an approach bias for food cues in obese individuals. A community sample of fifty-six obese women and 56 normal weight controls completed an approach-avoidance variant of the implicit association task. The obese participants were faster to respond to trials that paired ...
Blackie Malcolm - - 2014
Data from across the developing world show consistently that a fundamental cause of poor nutrition is low agricultural productivity and consequent low incomes, especially amongst poor rural households. Conventionally, technical solutions have been sought to contribute to greater household food security, and thus better childhood nutrition. A more holistic approach ...
Rivas Kristi M KM University of Nebraska Medical Center's Munroe-Meyer - - 2014
In the current investigation, we evaluated a method for increasing self-feeding with 3 children with a history of food refusal. The children never (2 children) or rarely (1 child) self-fed bites of food when the choice was between self-feeding and escape from eating. When the choice was between self-feeding 1 ...
Berge Jerica M JM Family Medicine and Community Health, - - 2014
Family meals have been found to be associated with a number of health benefits for children; however, associations with obesity have been less consistent, which raises questions about the specific characteristics of family meals that may be protective against childhood obesity. The current study examined associations between interpersonal and food-related ...
Kim Mina K MK Dept. of Food Science and Biotechnology, Dongguk Univ.-Seoul, 30, Pildong-ro 1gil, Jung-gu, Seoul, 100-715, - - 2014
Doenjang is a traditional Korean food and is widely used for many Korean foods. Consumer perception and consumer acceptability on the typical sensory characteristics of traditional Doenjang remain unknown. The objective of the current study was to determine the consumer perception on traditional Doenjang characteristics and how preexisting consumer perception ...
Tremarin Andréia A Department of Chemical and Food Engineering, Federal University of Santa Catarina (UFSC), Florianópolis, SC, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
Byssochlamys fulva and Neosartorya fischeri are heat-resistant fungi which are a concern to food industries (e.g. apple juice industry) since their growth represents significant economic liabilities. Although the most common method used to assess fungal growth in solid substrates is by measuring the colony's diameter, it is difficult to apply ...
Costa Joana J Christian Doppler Laboratory for Rapid Test Systems for Allergenic Food Contaminants, Center of Analytical Chemistry, Department IFA-Tulln, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Konrad Lorenz Str. 20, 3430 Tulln, Austria; REQUIMTE, Departamento de Ciências Químicas, Faculdade de Farmácia, Universidade do Porto, Rua de Jorge Viterbo Ferreira, 228, 4050-313 Porto, - - 2015
Hazelnut is one of the most appreciated nuts being virtually found in a wide range of processed foods. The simple presence of trace amounts of hazelnut in foods can represent a potential risk for eliciting allergic reactions in sensitised individuals. The correct labelling of processed foods is mandatory to avoid ...
Liu Y - - 2014
Background: Pictograms have been shown by many studies to be an effective way of conveying information. An easy-to-understand pictorial description is essential for communication of dietary intake in the computer era. Objectives: We proposed a novel approach that represents textual descriptions of dietary intake into a pictorial representation with the ...
Barr Michelle M Department of Public Health, Health Promotion and Policy Research Unit, University of Otago, Wellington, Wellington, New - - 2014
Children's exposure to food marketing across multiple everyday settings, a key environmental influence on health, has not yet been objectively documented. Wearable automated cameras (ACs) may have the potential to provide an objective account of this exposure. The purpose of this study is to assess the feasibility of using ACs ...
Kaisari Panagiota P School of Psychology, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, B15 - - 2014
In a social eating context, people tend to model the food intake of their dining companions. In general, people tend to eat more when their dining companion eats more and less when their eating companion eats less. In the present paper we investigate 1) whether familiarity of dining partners affects ...
Homberger Benjamin B Swiss Ornithological Institute, Seerose 1, 6204 Sempach, Switzerland; Institute of Evolutionary Biology and Environmental Studies, University of Zurich, 8057 Zurich, Switzerland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Glucocorticoid (GC) hormones, i.e. corticosterone (CORT) in birds, support physiological homeostasis and facilitate adaptations to stressful situations. However, maintaining high GC levels are energetically costly and interfere with other physiological processes. To keep the balance of costs and benefits of GC hormones, various mechanisms act to adapt GC levels to ...
Costa J H C JH Animal Welfare Program, Faculty of Land and Food Systems, University of British Columbia, 2357 Main Mall, Vancouver, BC, V6T 1Z4, - - 2014
Animals are often reluctant to consume novel feeds. Research suggests that social housing can reduce fearfulness in animals. The aim of this study was to test the prediction that social housing reduces food neophobia in dairy calves. Beginning immediately at birth, Holstein bull calves were either reared individually (n = ...
Betz Alexandra A Zurich University of Applied Science (ZHAW), School of Life Sciences and Facility Management, Institute of Food and Beverage Innovation, Einsiedlerstrasse 34, CH-8820 Wädenswil, Switzerland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Food losses occur across the whole food supply chain. They have negative effects on the economy and the environment, and they are not justifiable from an ethical point of view. The food service industry was identified by Beretta et al. (2013) as the third largest source of food waste based ...
Mahnič-Kalamiza Samo S Centre de Recherches de Royallieu, University of Technology of Compiègne, BP 20529, 60205, Compiègne Cedex, France, - - 2014
Electroporation is a method of treatment of plant tissue that due to its nonthermal nature enables preservation of the natural quality, colour and vitamin composition of food products. The range of processes where electroporation was shown to preserve quality, increase extract yield or optimize energy input into the process is ...
Falck Peter P Biotechnology, Department of Chemistry, Lund University, PO Box 124, Lund SE-22100, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim was to study arabinoxylan-oligosaccharide production from rye bran using heat pretreatment and enzymatic hydrolysis. Due to the potential application in foods, the purity of arabinoxylan was also assessed. Rye bran was heat pretreated to improve xylanase-catalyzed hydrolysis of arabinoxylan into arabinoxylan-oligosaccharides. Enzymatic removal of starch and proteins before ...
Spínola Vítor V Centro de Química da Madeira (CQM), Centro de Ciências Exactas e da Engenharia da Universidade da Madeira, Campus Universitário da Penteada, 9000-390 Funchal, - - 2014
Vitamin C is one of the most important vitamins, so reliable information about its content in foodstuffs is a concern to both consumers and quality control agencies. However, the heterogeneity of food matrixes and the potential degradation of this vitamin during its analysis create enormous challenges. This review addresses the ...
Petersen Christian C - - 2014
Rats can anticipate a daily feeding time. This has been interpreted as a rhythm controlled by food-entrainable circadian oscillators, because the rhythm persists during several cycles of total food deprivation and fails to track mealtimes if the feeding schedule deviates substantially from 24. These and other properties distinguish anticipation of ...
Burns Rachel J - - 2014
Objective: Providing a variety of food generally increases consumption and enjoyment. This effect is typically associated with unhealthy behavior (e.g., overindulgence at a buffet) and studied during a single meal. Two studies tested whether this effect can be leveraged in a subtle, simple manipulation to promote healthy food choices over ...
Olds William H WH Department of Genetics, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Boyer Center for Molecular Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, United - - 2014
Regulation of food intake is fundamental to energy homeostasis in animals. The contribution of non-nutritive and metabolic signals in regulating feeding is unclear. Here we show that enteric neurons play a major role in regulating feeding through specialized mechanosensory ion channels in Drosophila. Modulating activities of a specific subset of ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >