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Islam Md Saiful MS a Faculty and Graduate School of Environment and Information Sciences , Yokohama National University , Yokohama , Kanagawa , - - 2014
The non-carcinogenic and carcinogenic risk of arsenic and lead to adults and children via daily dietary intake of food composites in Bangladesh was estimated. The target hazard quotients (THQs), hazard index (HI) and target carcinogenic risk (TR) were calculated to evaluate the non-carcinogenic and carcinogenic health risk from arsenic and ...
Brandon Esther F A EF a National Institute for Public Health and the Environment , Bilthoven , the - - 2014
Arsenic is a metalloid that occurs in food and the environment in different chemical forms. Inorganic arsenic is classified as a class I carcinogen. The inorganic arsenic intake from food and drinking water varies depending on the geographic arsenic background. Non-dietary exposure to arsenic is likely to be of minor ...
Feda Denise M DM Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY, - - 2014
Habituation is a decrease in responding to a repeated stimulus. Operant responding and salivation measure habituation in eating behaviour research. Stress may increase eating by acting as a distractor, yielding spontaneous recovery and prolonging responding for food. Our research tested differences in the ability of cognitive and interpersonal stressors to ...
Parrish Audrey E AE Language Research Center, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA, USA; Psychology Department, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Decision-making largely is influenced by the relative value of choice options, and the value of such options can be determined by a combination of different factors (e.g., the quantity, size, or quality of a stimulus). In this study, we examined the competing influences of quantity (i.e., the number of food ...
Obregón Ana María - - 2014
Abstract The prevalence of childhood obesity has increased substantially in the recent decade as a result of the reduction in physical activity and the availability of high-fat and high-energy-density foods which the paediatric population faces daily. Although children are highly exposed to these foods, there is a wide variation in ...
Devlin Brooke L BL Department of Dietetics and Human Nutrition, La Trobe University, Bundoora, Melbourne VIC, - - 2014
Nutrition knowledge is believed to influence nutritional intake, which in turn influences performance in elite athletes. There is currently no published data on the nutrition knowledge of elite Australian Football (AF) players. The purpose of this study was to gain insight into the current level of general and sports nutrition ...
Ernst Alexander A Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, - - 2014
Tanning lamps have long been considered a class I medical device under regulation by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). A growing body of research has repeatedly documented the association between elective indoor tanning and several negative health consequences. These accepted findings have prompted action by the FDA to officially ...
Lawrence Natalia S NS School of Psychology, College of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter EX4 4QG, UK; School of Psychology, Cardiff University, Park Place, Cardiff CF10 3AT, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Overeating in our food-rich environment is a key contributor to obesity. Computerised response-inhibition training could improve self-control in individuals who overeat. Evidence suggests that training people to inhibit motor responses to specific food pictures can reduce the subsequent choice and consumption of those foods. Here we undertook three experiments using ...
English Laural L Department of Nutritional Sciences, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, United - - 2014
Childhood obesity is a persistent problem worldwide, and of particular concern in the United States. Clarifying the role of the food environment in promoting overeating is an important step toward reducing the prevalence of obesity. One factor that has been identified as a potential contributor to the obesity epidemic is ...
Liu Zhao-Min ZM From the 1Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong SAR; 2Division of Epidemiology, The Jockey Club School of Public Health and Primary Care, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong SAR; and 3Department of Sports Science and Physical Education, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong - - 2014
Nutritional factors have been suggested to be associated with menopausal symptoms (MS). However, the role of overall diet in MS has seldom been examined in Asian populations. This study aims to examine the association of dietary patterns with MS in Chinese postmenopausal women. This was a cross-sectional study of 726 ...
Nøstbakken Ole Jakob OJ NIFES (National Institute of Nutrition and Seafood Research), Bergen, Norway. Electronic address: - - 2015
Environmental pollutants such as dioxins and PCBs, heavy metals, and organochlorine pesticides are a global threat to food safety. In particular, the aquatic biota can bioaccumulate many of these contaminants potentially making seafood of concern for chronic exposure to humans. The main objective was to evaluate trends of contaminant levels ...
Lyons Damian M DM Fordham University, The Bronx, NY, USA, - - 2014
Contact switches and touch screens are the state of the art for recording pigeons' pecking behavior. Recording other behavior, however, requires a different sensor for each behavior, and some behaviors cannot easily be recorded. We present a flexible and inexpensive image-based approach to detecting and counting pigeon behaviors that is ...
Munger Ashley L AL Department of Family Science, School of Public Health, University of Maryland, 1142 School of Public Health Building, College Park, MD, 20742, - - 2014
Undocumented Latino immigrants often struggle to provide food for their families. In an attempt to inform efforts to create effective programs and policies promoting food security, this study explored the experience of food insecurity for low-income, undocumented Latino immigrants. In-depth qualitative interviews were conducted with 24 undocumented Latino immigrants. Modified ...
Rodríguez-Martín Boris C BC Department of Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, Central University "Marta Abreu" of Las Villas (UCLV), Carretera a Camajuaní Km 5½, 54830, Santa Clara, Cuba, - - 2014
The current study aimed to analyze individual differences on food cravings, intrusive-related thoughts and its suppression between normal weight and overweight/obese Cuban adults. Participants were 1,184 individuals from general population, aged between 18 and 64 years (M = 32.89; SD = 12.87), with 69.1 % females. All participants answered a set of questionnaires and provided demographic, ...
Scotece Morena M Servizo Galego de Saude, Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria de Santiago, Neuroendocrine Interactions in Rheumatology and Inflammatory Diseases Department, Research Laboratory 9, Santiago University Clinical Hospital, Santiago de Compostela, - - 2014
Extra-virgin olive oil (EVOO), a principal component of the Mediterranean diet (Med diet), is one of the most ancient known foods and has long been associated with health benefits. Many phenolic compounds extracted from Olea europea L. have attracted attention since their discovery. Among these phenolic constituents, oleocanthal has recently ...
Fontana Juan M JM Electrical and Computer Engineering Department, The University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL 35487, United - - 2014
Current, validated methods for dietary assessment rely on self-report, which tends to be inaccurate, time-consuming, and burdensome. The objective of this work was to demonstrate the suitability of estimating energy intake using individually-calibrated models based on Counts of Chews and Swallows (CCS models). In a laboratory setting, subjects consumed three ...
Bignardi Chiara C Dipartimento di Chimica, Università degli Studi di Parma, Parco Area delle Scienze 17/A, 43124, Parma, - - 2014
Materials that come in contact with foods are potential sources of chemical food contamination. Consequently, characterization of their composition is of paramount importance considering the possible occurrence of several unknown molecules such as non-intentionally added substance (NIAS), residual monomers, degradation products, plastic additives and organic colorants. Previous studies concerning the ...
Corcoran Aaron J AJ Department of Biology, Wake Forest University, 030 Winston Hall, Winston Salem, NC 27106, USA. Department of Biology, University of Maryland, Biology-Psychology Building, College Park, MD 20742, USA. - - 2014
Communication signals are susceptible to interference ("jamming") from conspecifics and other sources. Many active sensing animals, including bats and electric fish, alter the frequency of their emissions to avoid inadvertent jamming from conspecifics. We demonstrated that echolocating bats adaptively jam conspecifics during competitions for food. Three-dimensional flight path reconstructions and ...
Gowland M H MH Allergy Action, St Albans, and Anaphylaxis Campaign, Farnborough, - - 2014
Food allergy has a forensic context. We describe 8 cases in the UK courts involving fatalities, personal injury, or criminal non-compliance with food law from mainly 'grey' literature sources. The potentially severe consequences for people with food allergy of contraventions of labelling law have led to enforcement action up to ...
Pretorius Isak Stephanus IS Macquarie University, Chancellery, Building E11A, North Ryde, Sydney, New South Wales, NSW 2109, - - 2014
The pace of discovery is so rapid that the world as we understand it today is almost unrecognisable from that of the first visionaries who founded the Federation of European Microbiological Societies (FEMS) 40 years ago. The celebration of the FEMS' 40(th) birthday calls for reflection upon the past. Throughout ...
Neelon Sara E Benjamin SE UKCRC Centre for Diet and Activity Research (CEDAR), MRC Epidemiology Unit, University of Cambridge School of Clinical Medicine, Box 285, Institute of Metabolic Science, Cambridge Biomedical Campus, Cambridge CB2 0QQ, UK; Department of Community and Family Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, 2200 W Main St, DUMC 104006, Durham, North Carolina 27705, USA; Duke Global Health Institute, Duke University, 310 Trent Hall, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Recent national guidelines call for improved nutrition within early years settings. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to describe foods and beverages served in nurseries, assess provider behaviors related to feeding, and compare these practices to national guidelines. We administered a mailed survey to a random sample of nurseries ...
Siracusa A A Formerly professor of Occupational Medicine, University of Perugia, - - 2014
Anaphylaxis is a systemic allergic reaction, potentially life-threatening that can be due to non-occupational or, less commonly, to occupational triggers. Occupational anaphylaxis could be defined as anaphylaxis arising out of triggers and conditions attributable to a particular work environment. Hymenoptera stings and natural rubber latex are the commonest triggers of ...
Pes G M GM Dipartimento di Medicina Clinica e Sperimentale, National Institute of Biostructures and Biosystems, University of Sassari, Sassari, - - 2014
The identification of a hot spot of exceptional longevity, the Longevity Blue Zone (LBZ), in the mountain population of Sardinia has aroused considerable interest toward its traditional food as one of the potential causal factors. This preliminary study on the traditional Sardinian diet has been supported by the literature available, ...
Anagnostou Katherine K Department of Paediatric Allergy, Guy's and St Thomas' Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, London, - - 2014
IgE-mediated food allergies are common and currently there is no cure. Traditionally, management has relied upon patient education, food avoidance and the provision of an emergency medication plan. Despite this, food allergy can significantly impact on quality of life. Therefore, in recent years, evolving research has explored alternative management strategies. ...
Show Kuan-Yeow KY ZheJiang JuNeng Co., Ltd., TongXiang, Zhejiang Province, - - 2014
Production of intracellular metabolites or biofuels from algae involves various processing steps, and extensive work on laboratory- and pilot-scale algae cultivation, harvesting and processing has been reported. As algal drying and cell disruption are integral processes of the unit operations, this review examines recent advances in algal drying and disruption ...
Blight Louise K LK Centre for Applied Conservation Research, University of British Columbia, 2424 Main Mall, V6T 1Z4, Vancouver, BC, Canada; Procellaria Research & Consulting, 944 Dunsmuir Road, V9A 5C3, Victoria, BC, - - 2014
The world's oceans have undergone significant ecological changes following European colonial expansion and associated industrialisation. Seabirds are useful indicators of marine food web structure and can be used to track multi-decadal environmental change, potentially reflecting long-term human impacts. We used stable isotope (δ(13) C, δ(15) N) analysis of feathers from ...
Meyer Heidi C HC Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH 03755, - - 2014
Prior research has established that stimulating nicotinic acetylcholine receptors can facilitate learning and memory. However, most studies have focused on learning to emit a particular behavior, while little is known about the effects of nicotine on learning to withhold a behavioral response. The present study consisted of a dose response ...
Bongers Peggy - - 2014
Objective: Overeating and obesity are associated with impulsivity. In studies among patients with a substance use disorder, impulsivity was found to be associated with substance-related attentional bias. This study examined whether obesity, impulsivity and food craving are associated with an attentional bias for high-calorie food. Methods: Obese (n = 185, ...
Tyagi Ashish A a Molecular Biology Unit, Dairy Microbiology Division, National Dairy Research Institute , Karnal - 132001 , Haryana , - - 2014
Abstract Synthetic biology also termed as 'genomic alchemy' represents a powerful area of science that is based on the convergence of biological sciences with systems engineering. It has been fittingly described as "moving from reading the genetic code to writing it" as it focuses on building, modelling, designing and fabricating ...
- - 2014
Honeydew is abundant in many ecosystems and may provide an alternative food source (a buffer) for pollinators during periods of food shortage, but the impact of honeydew on pollination systems has received little attention to date. In New Zealand, kānuka trees (Myrtaceae: Kunzea ericoides (A. Rich) Joy Thompson) are often ...
Thielecke Frank F *Cereal Partners Worldwide S.A. †Nestlé Research Centre, Nestec Ltd, Vers-chez-les-Blanc, Lausanne, Switzerland ‡General Mills Bell Institute of Health and Nutrition, Golden Valley, MN §Kerry Ingredients & Flavours, Beloit, - - 2014
Evidence from epidemiological studies suggests that higher whole grain intake is associated with improvements in body weight measures. Evidence from randomized controlled intervention studies is controversial. To assess the scientific evidence, using a descriptive systematic approach, related to the relationship/effects of whole grain on weight management. Medicine Medical Subject Headings ...
Chen Li L Minhang District Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Shanghai 201101, - - 2014
This paper is to assess the current status of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) contamination in the environment in China and estimate the exposure to PBDEs in non-occupational populations. A total of 80 research papers published from January 2001 to October 2013 were selected. Geographic information system (GIS) was used in ...
Post Mark J MJ Department of Physiology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, the - - 2014
Alternative sources of animal proteins are needed that can be produced efficiently, thereby providing food security with diminished ecological burden. It is feasible to culture beef from bovine skeletal muscle stem cells, but the technology is still under development. The aim is to create a beef mimic with equivalent taste, ...
Ellwood Kathleen K College of Southern Maryland, La Plata, - - 2014
Bioactive food components have shown potential health benefits for more than a decade. Currently there are no recommended levels of intake [i.e., Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs)] as there are for nutrients and fiber. DRIs for essential nutrients were based on requirements for each specific nutrient to maintain normal physiologic or ...
Finkelstein Eric A EA Duke University-National University of Singapore, Singapore; - - 2014
In response to rising rates of obesity in the United States due in part to excess food consumption, researchers and policy makers have argued that levying food taxes on obesity-promoting foods, perhaps combined with subsidies on healthier options, would be an effective tool to stem the obesity epidemic. The extent ...
Fast Lindsey C LC Department of Psychology, Western State Colorado University, Gunnison, CO, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Over the last few decades, food portion sizes have steadily increased by as much as 700% (Young & Nestle, 2002). Food portions are often much larger than dietary guidelines recommend, leaving individuals to manage their food consumption on their own and making it necessary to understand individual factors impacting food ...
Miller Paige E - - 2014
The US food system is primarily an economic enterprise, with far-reaching health, environmental, and social effects. A key data source for evaluating the many effects of the food system, including the overall quality and extent to which it provides the basic elements of a healthful diet, is the Food Availability ...
Poelman Maartje P MP 1Department of Health Sciences,VU University Amsterdam and EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research,De Boelelaan 1085,1081 HV Amsterdam,The - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to gain insight into (i) processed snack-food availability, (ii) processed snack-food salience and (iii) the size of dinnerware among households with overweight gatekeepers. Moreover, associations between gatekeepers' characteristics and in-home observations were determined. A cross-sectional observation of home food environments was conducted as ...
Brown Laura G LG 1 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention , Atlanta, Georgia - - 2014
Abstract Over half of foodborne illness outbreaks occur in restaurants. To combat these outbreaks, many public health agencies require food safety certification for restaurant managers, and sometimes workers. Certification entails passing a food safety knowledge examination, which is typically preceded by food safety training. Current certification efforts are based on ...
De Laender F F Namur University, Research Unit in Environmental and Evolutionary Ecology, Rue de Bruxelles 61, 5000 Namur, Belgium. Electronic address: - - 2015
Predicting ecosystem response to chemicals is a complex problem in ecotoxicology and a challenge for risk assessors. The variables potentially influencing chemical fate and exposure define the exposure scenario while the variables determining effects at the ecosystem level define the ecological scenario. In absence of any empirical data, the objective ...
Fielding Russell R Environmental Studies, University of the South, Sewanee, TN 37383, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The island of St. Vincent in the Lesser Antilles supports an ongoing, legal cetacean hunt, which targets several species for human consumption. Little is known regarding the healthfulness and potential health risks of these foods in this setting. Following established methodologies we analyzed 39 raw muscle tissue samples and 38 ...
Pitchers Kyle K KK Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, - - 2014
There is considerable individual variation in the propensity of animals to attribute incentive salience to discrete reward cues, but to date most of this research has been conducted in male rats. The purpose of this study was to determine whether sex influences the propensity to attribute incentive salience to a ...
Guillette Lauren M LM School of Biology, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
When an individual is faced with choosing between unfamiliar food options, it may benefit initially by choosing the option chosen by other animals so avoiding potentially poisonous food. It is not clear which cues the naïve forager learns from the demonstrator for choosing between food options. To determine firstly which ...
Biermaier Barbara B Chair of Food Safety, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Veterinary Science, Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich (LMU), Schoenleutnerstr. 8, D-85764, Oberschleissheim, Germany, - - 2014
Stachybotrys (S.) chartarum is an omnipresent cellulolytic mould which produces secondary metabolites, such as the highly toxic macrocyclic trichothecenes. While it is known to occur in animal feed like hay and straw as well as in water-damaged indoor environments, there is little knowledge about the occurrence of S. chartarum and ...
Leman Ada A Wageningen UR Greenhouse Horticulture, PO Box 20, 2265 ZG, Bleiswijk, The - - 2014
Supplemental food sources to support natural enemies in crops are increasingly being tested and used. This is particularly interesting for generalist predators that can reproduce on these food sources. However, a potential risk for pest control could occur when herbivores also benefit from supplemental food sources. In order to optimize ...
Tago Damian D Toulouse School of Economics (LERNA, INRA), 21 Allée de Brienne, 31000 Toulouse, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study aims at evaluating the costs of the movement restriction policy (MRP) during the 2006 BTV-8 epidemic in France for the producers of 6-9 month old Charolais beef weaned calves (BWC), an important sector that was severely affected by the restrictions imposed. This study estimates the change in the ...
Goddard Murray J MJ University of New Brunswick, Saint John, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
The present study replicated the finding by Goddard (2013), that when a single food pellet unconditioned stimulus (US) signaled the delivery of three additional pellets, responding after the single US was significantly greater on a delayed, compared to an early, test. Importantly, the present study equated context conditioning by delivering ...
Olstad Dana Lee DL School of Public Health, 3-300 Edmonton Clinic Health Academy, 11405 87 Ave, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB Canada T6G 1C9. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of the Report Card on Healthy Food Environments and Nutrition for Children is to assess how current environments and policies in Canada support or create barriers to improving children's dietary behaviours and body weights. In 2014 we reviewed the literature to identify indicators of the quality of children's ...
Assmann G G Foundation Assmann Stiftung fur Pravention, Munster, - - 2014
Mounting evidence supports the hypothesis that functional foods containing physiologically-active components may be healthful. Longitudinal cohort studies have shown that some food classes and dietary patterns are beneficial in primary prevention, and this has led to the identification of putative functional foods. This field, however, is at its very beginning, ...
de Wit John B F JB The University of New South Wales, Australia; Utrecht University, The - - 2014
Background: Overweight epidemics, including among children and adolescents, are fuelled by contemporary obesogenic environments. Recent research and theory highlight the importance of socio-cultural factors in mitigating adverse impacts of the abundance of food in high-income countries. The current study examines whether family meal culture shapes young people's eating behaviors and ...
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