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Kim Daehwan - - 2011
Abstract Whereas some studies show statistically significant linear associations between consumption at full-service restaurants and consumer incomes, studies of fast-food restaurants fail to find statistically significant linear associations. In this study, nationally representative data were drawn from the 1994-1996 Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals and the accompanying Diet ...
Negri Rossella - - 2011
ABSTRACT: The physiology of human taste enjoyed an unprecedented expansion of knowledge brought forward by modern genetics and molecular biology. In the last 10 years the cellular organization of taste receptors from taste buds distributed in the various papillae of the tongue and the soft palate was enlightened. This molecular ...
Grieger J A - - 2011
Background:  Food preferences develop early in life and track into later life. There is limited information on food consumption and dietary patterns in Australian girls. The present study aimed to: (i) determine the frequency of food groups consumed over 1 day; (ii) identify dietary clusters based on food group consumption; and ...
Sayon-Orea C - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The consumption of fried foods is believed to be linked with obesity and higher weight gain, however, the evidence from long-term randomized trials or prospective epidemiological studies is scarce. Therefore, the aim of our study was to prospectively evaluate the association between the consumption of fried foods ...
Torrecilla José S - - 2011
We developed a novel computerized approach based on lag-k autocorrelation coefficients (LCCs) and linear models (LMs) to estimate the concentration of lycopene in foods by the spectroscopy. The LCCs were calculated using the data obtained using whole visible scans from 400 to 600nm (vide supra) of lycopene standards and food ...
Grigorakis K - - 2011
Aquatic farming has been considered, during the last decades, as the fastest growing food production industry powered by governmental and technological impulsion. Compensation for fisheries decline, creation of new jobs and source of financial windfall are the most important benefits. However, similar to most of the human food-production activities, aquaculture ...
- - 2011
In July 2011, the internationally supported Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit-Somalia conducted nutrition and mortality surveys across 17 livelihood zones in southern Somalia to assess the impact of 18 months of insecurity and drought, which have resulted in crop failure, livestock mortality, increased cereal prices, and widespread malnutrition. On ...
Abdel-Rahman A - - 2011
The use of botanicals and dietary supplements derived from natural substances as an adjunct to an improved quality of life or for their purported medical benefits has become increasingly common in the United States. This review addresses the safety assessment and regulation of food products containing these substances by the ...
Tam Fiona M - - 2011
Recurrent constipation is a common problem in cats. Laxatives often are the cornerstone for management of recurrent constipation; however, there is a paucity of published research on laxative use in cats. This study investigated the safety and palatability of polyethylene glycol (PEG3350) in normal cats. All cats consumed the PEG3350 ...
Campbell H E - - 2011
Background  Orofacial granulomatosis is a rare chronic granulomatous inflammatory disease of the lips, face and mouth. The aetiology remains unclear but may involve an allergic component. Improvements have been reported with cinnamon- and benzoate-free diets. Aims  To explore the prevalence of compound and food sensitivity and examine the dietary treatments ...
Moreno-Franco Belén - - 2011
The intake of alkylresorcinols and lignans in Spain is unknown due to the lack of information on the content of these compounds in particular foods. This report describes the development of the first alkylresorcinol and lignan database adapted to the Spanish diet, including foods items especially relevant for this population. ...
Gordon-Larsen Penny - - 2011
While dietary intake is shaped by cost, there is minimal research on the association between community-level food prices and dietary intake. We used nationally representative, longitudinal data to examine how community-level food price variation was associated with individual-level fast food intake by race/ethnicity and income across waves II (1996) and ...
Tripathi Meenakshi - - 2011
Supervisor's supporting comments I am pleased to recommend Meenakshi Tripathi for the Bioanalysis Young Investigator award. Meenakshi is a bright, creative, dynamic and highly motivated young bioanalytical chemist. She joined my laboratory for her PhD program in 1998 after her MSc and completed her thesis work in 2004. During this ...
Mohammadi Fatemeh - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To assess the validity of a locally adapted Household Food Insecurity Access Scale (HFIAS) in the measurement of household food insecurity (FI) in the city of Tehran. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. SETTING: Urban households were selected through a systematic cluster sampling method from six different districts of Tehran. The ...
Anderson Laura C - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The relationship between food insecurity, maternal emotional distress and childhood morbidity in resource-poor settings is not well clarified. The present study aimed to assess independent associations between household food insecurity and childhood morbidity and potential modifications by maternal emotional distress. DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey. A food security scale was ...
Knudsen Vibeke K - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relative validity of the pre-coded food diary applied in the Danish National Survey of Dietary Habits and Physical Activity. DESIGN: A cross-over study among seventy-two adults (aged 20 to 69 years) recording diet by means of a pre-coded food diary over 4 d and a 4 ...
Taylor Anne W - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To profile adults who eat less than the recommended servings of fruit and vegetables per day. DESIGN: Australia-wide population telephone survey on a random sample of the Australian population, with results analysed by univariate and multivariate models. SETTING: Australia. SUBJECTS: One thousand one hundred and eight interviews, respondents' (49·3 ...
Adams Jean J Institute of Health & Society, Newcastle University, Baddiley-Clarke Building, Richardson Road, Newcastle upon Tyne NE2 4AX, UK. - - 2012
To document socio-economic differences in exposure to food advertising, including advertisements for foods high in fat, salt and sugar (HFSS) as defined by the UK Food Standards Agency's Nutrient Profiling Model. A cross-sectional survey. Information (including product advertised and viewing figures) on all advertisements broadcast in one UK region over ...
Hawkes Corinna - - 2011
To identify pledges made by the food industry to change food marketing to children worldwide, examine their content and discuss their potential to reduce the harmful effects of food marketing to children. A search for pledges and specific commitments made by participating companies and a content analysis of their scope ...
Picó Yolanda - - 2011
Perfluorinated compounds (PFCs) are resistant to breakdown and are turning up in unexpected places around the world, becoming emerging food contaminants. Although these chemicals have been used in countless products since the 1950s, they have been subject to little control until now. There is still an insufficient knowledge of their ...
Cossignani Lina - - 2011
Stereospecific analysis is an important tool for the characterization of lipid fraction of food matrices, and also of milk samples. The results of a chemical-enzymatic-chromatographic analytical method were elaborated by chemometric procedures such as linear discriminant analysis (LDA) and artificial neural network (ANN). According to the total composition and intrapositional ...
Listl Stefan - - 2011
Purpose:  To describe variations in chewing abilities of elderly populations in different European countries. Methods: We used data from the Survey of Health, Ageing, and Retirement in Europe (SHARE Wave 2) and estimated a series of multivariate logistic regression models in order to analyse variations in self-reported ability to bite ...
Krukowski Rebecca A - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Foods provided in schools represent a substantial portion of US children's dietary intake; however, the school food environment has proven difficult to describe due to the lack of comprehensive, standardized, and validated measures. METHODS: As part of the Arkansas Act 1220 evaluation project, we developed the School Cafeteria Nutrition ...
Azevedo Elaine de - - 2011
Controversies and risks in the social construction of the concept of healthy food are discussed, using soybean as the object of study. Studies concerning the impacts of soy on human health and the effects of its cultivation on the social-environmental domain were reviewed to analyze the political context of the ...
Elinder L S - - 2011
Background  Dietary assessment is a challenge in general, and specifically in individuals with intellectual disabilities (ID). This study aimed to evaluate personal digital photography as a method of assessing different aspects of dietary quality in this target group. Method  Eighteen adults with ID were recruited from community residences and activity ...
Fathy Fouad M - - 2011
Proper diagnosis of Blastocystis hominis in not performed routinely in medical laboratories of developing countries; consequently clinical significance of this common intestinal protozoon is liable to remain unsettled. Food-handlers are more prone to get and transmit this feco-oral infection. This work compared the sensitivity of direct diagnostic methods to detect ...
Kelly Bridget - - 2011
Issue addressed: Determining children's exposure to food and beverage company sponsorship, and the effect of this exposure, is important in establishing the extent to which there may be health and societal consequences. This paper aimed to provide preliminary evidence on the scope and potential effects on children of unhealthy food ...
Harding Thomas - - 2011
Issue addressed: This article reports the first phase of a project to develop, in participation with a Māori community, a model of health promotion to combat the impact of metabolic syndrome. Methods: A series of hui (meetings and focus groups) were conducted with community elders to learn about the food ...
Kasemsup Rachada - - 2011
Plastic is widely used in daily life especially as food and drink containers. If these containers are used inappropriately, some chemicals such as bisphenol A, phthalate, and styrene from plastic may accumulate and impair organ function. To assess knowledge, attitudes, and practices relating to plastic containers for food and drinks ...
Kang Nam E - - 2011
The Korea Food and Drug Administration (KFDA) revised the Health Functional Food Act in 2008 and extended the form of health functional foods to general food types. Therefore, this study was performed to investigate consumers' perceptions of the expanded form of health functional food and to predict consumption patterns. For ...
Freudenberg Nicholas - - 2011
In response to increasing obesity, diabetes, and food-related contributions to climate change, many individuals and organizations are mobilizing to advocate for healthier and more just local and national food policies and systems. In this report, we describe and analyze the food movement in New York City, examine tensions within it, ...
Goodman Richard E - - 2011
Genetically modified (GM) plants are increasingly used for food production and industrial applications. As the global population has surpassed 7 billion and per capita consumption rises, food production is challenged by loss of arable land, changing weather patterns, and evolving plant pests and disease. Previous gains in quantity and quality ...
Zablotsky Kufel Joanna S - - 2011
We evaluated the relationship between local food protection capacity and service provision in Maryland's 24 local food protection programs (FPPs) and incidence of foodborne illness at the county level. We conducted regression analyses to determine the relationship between foodborne illness and local FPP characteristics. We used the Centers for Disease ...
Bräuer Juliane J Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany. - - 2011
Despite current interest in dog (Canis familiaris) cognition, very little is known about how dogs represent objects and how they compare with other species, such as the great apes. Therefore, we investigated how dogs and great apes (chimpanzees [Pan troglodytes], bonobos [Pan paniscus], orangutans [Pongo pygmaeus], gorillas [Gorilla gorilla]) individuate ...
Freedman Darcy A - - 2011
This case study provides an in-depth examination of process and feasibility factors associated with the development of a multi-component environmental intervention designed to increase access to fresh fruits and vegetables in four low-income, minority, urban communities with few healthy food retail outlets. The intervention, the Veggie Project, included three components: ...
Cole Steven M - - 2011
A growing number of studies show support for a positive association between food insecurity and poor mental health in developing countries. Few of these studies, however, explore the relationship statistically employing longitudinal data. This study combines ethnography with randomly sampled household-level panel data (two waves) collected in 2009 to examine ...
Zampollo Francesca - - 2012
Given the importance of food presentation and childhood nutrition, we aimed to test the degree to which adults and children might demonstrate different preferences for various ways in which food can be presented on plates. Twenty-three pre-teen children and 46 adults were individually presented full-size photos of 48 different combinations ...
Hopcraft J Grant C - - 2011
1. Theory predicts that small grazers are regulated by the digestive quality of grass, while large grazers extract sufficient nutrients from low-quality forage and are regulated by its abundance instead. In addition, predation potentially affects populations of small grazers more than large grazers, because predators have difficulty capturing and handling large ...
Meule Adrian - - 2011
Both food cravings and rigid dietary control strategies have been implicated in low dieting success while flexible control often is associated with successful weight loss. An online survey was conducted (N=616) to test the mediational role of food cravings between dietary control strategies and self-perceived dieting success. Food cravings fully ...
Zamora-Ros Raul - - 2011
Polyphenols have beneficial effects on several chronic diseases but assessing polyphenols intake from self-reported dietary questionnaires tends to be inaccurate and not very reliable. A promising alternative is to use urinary excretion of polyphenols as a proxy measure of intake. The best method to assess urinary excretion is to collect ...
Bhatia Shobna J - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and its complications are thought to be infrequent in India; there are no data from India on the prevalence of and risk factors for GERD. The Indian Society of Gastroenterology formed a task force aiming to study: (a) the frequency and profile of GERD in ...
Hare Todd A - - 2011
Attention is thought to play a key role in the computation of stimulus values at the time of choice, which suggests that attention manipulations could be used to improve decision-making in domains where self-control lapses are pervasive. We used an fMRI food choice task with non-dieting human subjects to investigate ...
Martín-Vega Daniel - - 2011
Among the insects which are typically considered of forensic interest, the family Piophilidae (Diptera) is frequently cited because of its common occurrence on carcasses in different stages of decay. Piophilids are mainly known from the cosmopolitan species Piophila casei, which can be also a major pest for the food industry ...
McGee Bernestine B - - 2011
To examine the agreement between perceptions, behaviors, and ability to purchase healthful food in the Lower Mississippi Delta (LMD). A regional food store survey of healthful food options in supermarkets, small/medium stores, and convenience stores. Focus group discussions were conducted on shopping perceptions and behaviors. Counties in Arkansas, Louisiana, and ...
Vereijken C M J L - - 2011
Infant feeding is a challenging and intricate process. Food intake is shaped by prior experience of flavours derived from the maternal diet in utero and via human milk, by ongoing experience of foods eaten during the first years of life including the variety, types and frequency of foods offered. The ...
Lopez-Sanchez Patricia - - 2011
Cryo In-SEM Raman has been used for the first time to localise carotene compounds in a food matrix. Raman spectra of lycopene and β-carotene have been obtained from sampling oil droplets and plant cell structures visualised with cryo-SEM in tomato and carrot based emulsions containing 5% oil. It was possible ...
Jardine Andrew - - 2011
Abstract An outbreak of gastrointestinal illness was identified among attendees at a large community barbeque at a Sydney sports club on 30 January 2009. A retrospective cohort study was initiated, and attendees were identified through hospital emergency department gastroenteritis presentations, snowball recruitment through known cases, responders to linguistically specific press, ...
Yu Kangfu - - 2012
Pulse crops are considered minor on a global scale despite their nutritional value for human consumption. Therefore, they are relatively less extensively studied in comparison with the major crops. The need to improve pulse crop production and quality will increase with the increasing global demand for food security and people's ...
Ogden Jane - - 2011
This paper aimed to develop a reliable measurement tool to evaluate the meanings of food that could be used in both practice and research and to examine possible gender differences. A new meaning of food questionnaire (MOF) was refined across two studies (study 1, n = 451 and study 2, n = 170). The ...
Galef Bennett G - - 2011
Philip Teitelbaum's focus on detailed description of behavior, the interplay of analysis and synthesis in experimental investigations and the importance of converging lines of evidence in testing hypotheses has proven useful in fields distant from the physiological psychology that he studied throughout his career. Here we consider the social biasing ...
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