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Results 451 - 500 of 1631
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Charlton Karen - - 2011
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To highlight current issues regarding the role of iodine fortification in correcting and preventing iodine deficiency. Universal salt iodization (USI) is recommended, wherein all salt is iodized; however, a more graduated approach may be warranted. RECENT FINDINGS: Iodine deficiency is widespread and has re-emerged in countries such ...
Doherty Sharon - - 2011
Universities represent an important setting for promoting health and well-being--and specifically for developing systems that support healthy and sustainable food procurement and provision. By drawing on the whole-system settings approach and working within the framework offered by Healthy Universities, higher education institutions are in a strong position to address the ...
Speers Sarah E - - 2011
The food industry disproportionately markets to young people through product placements. Children and adolescents may be more susceptible to these disguised persuasive attempts. Quantify incidence and youth exposure to food and beverage brand appearances within shows on prime-time TV. Data on the number of food, beverage, and restaurant brand appearances ...
Le Ngoc Huyen Tran - - 2011
Given the non competition of miscanthus with food and animal feed, this lignocellulosic species has attracted attention as a possible biofuel resource. However, sustainability of ethanol production from lignocelluloses biomass would imply reduction in the consumption of chemicals and/or energetic means, but also valorization of the lignocellulosic by-product remaining from ...
Rosenberg Irwin - - 2011
Food aid provided by the United States has saved the lives of the vulnerable for many years. Recognizing the need for a thorough review of product formulations and specifications, the US Agency for International Development (USAID) commissioned a 2-year assessment of quality issues relating to Title II food aid products. ...
Shim Jae Eun - - 2011
Picky eating behaviors are prevalent during childhood and are often linked to nutritional problems. However, information on the determinants of picky eating behaviors during infancy, when food acceptance patterns develop, is scarce. This study was conducted to evaluate the impact of infant feeding practices on the development of picky eating ...
Souza Amanda de Moura Ade - - 2011
To evaluate markers of food intake of the telephone-based risk factor surveillance system for chronic diseases (VIGITEL) and the trend of these markers. A total of 135,249 subjects from 27 Brazilian cities interviewed in the 2007 - 2009 surveys were evaluated. Eating habits were evaluated based on the frequency of ...
Hosler Akiko S - - 2011
: Despite the increase in the volume and importance of food environment research, there is a general lack of reliable measurement tools. This study presents the development and reliability assessment of a tool for measuring consumer nutrition environment in urban food stores. : Cross-sectional design. : A racially diverse downtown ...
Mendes Larissa Loures - - 2011
To evaluate the validity and reproducibility markers of food and beverage intake obtained by means of a telephone-based surveillance system. Reproducibility was assessed by means of repeated interviews with a 7-15 day interval after the first interview of the system (n=258). Validity was analyzed based on three interviews corresponding to ...
Jilcott Stephanie B - - 2011
To examine associations between self-reported vehicular travel behaviors, perceived stress, food procurement practices, and body mass index among female Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) participants. The authors used correlation and regression analyses to examine cross-sectional associations between travel time and distance, perceived stress, food procurement practices (grocery shopping frequency, fast-food ...
Gearhardt Ashley N - - 2011
Scientific interest in "food addiction" continues to grow due both to neurobiological and behavioral similarities between substance dependence and excessive food consumption. An important next step is to examine the addictive potential of highly processed foods. In this paper, we explore addiction-related changes in the modern food environment (e.g., increased ...
Keast Debra R - - 2011
Currently available whole-grain foods are not frequently consumed, and few children achieve the whole-grain intake recommendation. To investigate the influence on whole-grain consumption of substituting whole-grain for refined-grain ingredients of foods commonly consumed by children. Secondary cross-sectional analysis of publicly available food consumption data collected by the US Department of ...
Mikkelsen Bent Egberg - - 2011
The notion of foodscape is increasingly being used within health promotion, public health nutrition and food studies as a tool to describe our food environments and to assess the potential impact on food choice and food behaviour. This paper takes a closer look at the growing number of foodscape studies ...
Avena Nicole M - - 2011
The obesity epidemic has led to the postulation that highly palatable foods may be "addictive" for some individuals. This idea is supported by the fact that there are overlaps in brain circuitry that underlie addictive behavior as well as overeating. In this paper, we discuss the utility of the concept ...
Rasheed Sabrina - - 2011
Child undernutrition remains high in South Asian and sub-Saharan African countries. Rapid declines in nutritional status occur before the age of 2 years, particularly during the period of complementary feeding. Improving complementary feeding practices is a neglected area in nutrition programs. To understand community perspectives on complementary feeding practices in ...
Schlossman Nina - - 2011
Enacted in 1950, Public Law 480 (PL480) dramatically increased the volume of U.S.food aid and the scope of interventions it supports. Billions of dollars have been invested, both to enhance the diets of chronically undernourished people in development settings, and to support nutritional needs during conflicts and natural disasters. Review ...
Tebbs Robert S - - 2011
Increasingly, more food companies are relying on molecular methods, such as PCR, for pathogen detection due to their improved simplicity, sensitivity, and rapid time to results. This report describes the validation of a new Real-Time PCR method to detect Listeria monocytogenes in nine different food matrixes. The complete system consists ...
Poulsen Signe - - 2011
The aim of this article is to analyse the social shaping of worksite food interventions at two Danish worksites. The overall aims are to contribute first, to the theoretical frameworks for the planning and analysis of food and health interventions at worksites and second, to a foodscape approach to worksite ...
Dror Daphna K - - 2011
Milk and other animal-source foods are concentrated dietary sources of macro- and micronutrients. Despite a global increase in milk production and consumption over the past decades, milk and other animal-source foods are often lacking in the diets of children in developing countries. To evaluate the importance of milk and other ...
Fein Sara B - - 2011
Although survey results measuring the safety of consumers' food handling and risky food consumption practices have been published for over 20 years, evaluation of trends is impossible because the designs of published studies are not comparable. The Food Safety Surveys used comparable methods to interview U.S. adults by telephone in ...
Morgan Emily H - - 2011
Abstract Purpose . To examine food system experts' explanations for the consistently low level of fruit and vegetable consumption in Australia and what can be done to increase it. Design . A qualitative survey of food system experts. Setting . The survey was administered online to experts across Australia between ...
Paul Keriann H - - 2011
The role of context has not been elaborated with respect to current recommendations for complementary feeding interventions, apart from a gross distinction based on food security. Our objective was to compare two food-insecure settings in sub-Saharan Africa to determine how context (i.e., the set of local social, cultural, and physical ...
Darcey Valerie L - - 2011
Research shows that community socioeconomic status (SES) predicts, based on food service types available, whether a population has access to healthy food. It is not known, however, if a relationship exists between SES and risk for foodborne illness (FBI) at the community level. Geographic information systems (GIS) give researchers the ...
Rogers Beatrice - - 2011
Food aid provided by the United States has saved lives for almost two centuries. Delivering the right products is important, but of equal concern are the ways in which products are delivered and to whom. The study addresses how food products are currently used, whether interventions are appropriate to achieve ...
Webb Patrick - - 2011
As part of US Agency for International Development (USAID) efforts to improve the quality of food aid products and programs, a two year study was commissioned to produce recommendations on ways to improve the quality of food aid products, programming, and institutional processes. The review determined that while much valuable ...
Nützenadel Walter - - 2011
Failure to thrive impairs children's weight gain and growth, their defenses against infection, and their psychomotor and intellectual development. This paper is a review of pertinent articles that were published from 1995 to October 2010 and contained the terms "failure to thrive", "underweight", "malnutrition", "malabsorption", "maldigestion" and "refeeding syndrome". The ...
Gearhardt Ashley N - - 2011
Binge eating disorder (BED) shares many characteristics with addictive behaviors (e.g., diminished control, continued use despite negative consequences), and a body of scientific literature is building to support addiction conceptualizations of problematic eating. Despite similarities, BED and "food addiction" may represent unique yet overlapping conditions. Although the exploration of food ...
Savoca Margaret R - - 2011
Although young African-American men are at particularly high risk of developing hypertension at an early age, dietary interventions that have successfully reduced blood pressure among African-American adults have not been translated into programs for this group. Life contexts such as school enrollment, participation in competitive athletics, and employment influence the ...
O'Connell Meghan M Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, - - 2011
Limited access to foods that make up a nutritious diet at minimal cost may influence eating behaviors and, ultimately, obesity. This study examined the number and type of food stores (convenience, grocery, supermarket) on federal reservations in Washington State, and the availability and cost of foods in the US Department ...
Katase Mitsuru - - 2011
Aim:  The automated TEMPO system (bioMerieux) is based on the most probable number (MPN) method for enumeration of microorganisms in foods. In this study, we evaluated the performance of the TEMPO system as a diagnostic tool in comparison to the standard method in processed soy products. Methods and results:  A ...
Prescott Mark J - - 2011
In this short communication, we respond to Westlund's critique of the NC3Rs Working Group report on refinement of the use of food and fluid control as motivational tools for macaques used in behavioural neuroscience research. The suggestions Westlund makes - in particular, the use of conditioned reinforcers and variable ratio ...
Martin Debbie H - - 2011
Culture, history and social circumstances shape how people understand their relationships to food, what foods are eaten, when, how much and how often. This ultimately shapes overall health. This study aims to connect research about food, culture and health by positioning south-eastern Labrador Inuit understandings of food at the forefront ...
Castle L - - 2011
The zone of inhibition method to test the release of biocides from paper and board food contact materials was evaluated. The method tests the paper by placing a small specimen directly onto culture plates of Bacillus subtilis and Aspergillus niger. The principle is that any extractable biocide will diffuse from ...
Powell Faye C - - 2011
The aim of this study was to examine the contribution of a broad range of maternal feeding practices in predicting parental reports of food avoidance eating behaviours in young children, after controlling for child temperament, and maternal dietary restraint which have previously been associated with feeding problems. One hundred and ...
Vargas-Murga Liliana - - 2011
The popularity of herbal products, especially plant food supplements (PFS) and herbal medicine is on the rise in Europe and other parts of the world, with increased use in the general population as well as among specific subgroups encompassing children, women or those suffering from diseases such as cancer. The ...
Di Castelnuovo Augusto - - 2012
Daily intake of an anti-thrombotic diet may offer a suitable and effective way of coronary artery disease (CAD) prevention. A diet rich in fruit, vegetables, complex carbohydrates, monounsaturated fat and fish, moderate alcohol consumption but poor in salt, saturated fat and simple sugars, plays an important role in protect against ...
Romieu Isabelle - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between dietary patterns and self-perceived body shape silhouette and BMI in a sample of Mexican women. DESIGN: A cross-sectional analysis of dietary habits from baseline data of a large cohort study (EsMaestra) conducted in 2006-2008. SETTING: The state of Veracruz, Mexico. SUBJECTS: Mexican teachers (n ...
Bouchet Hélène - - 2011
Acoustic variability and individual distinctiveness of vocal signals are expected to vary with both their communicative function and the need for individual recognition during social interactions. So far, few attempts have been made to comparatively study these features across the different call types within a species' vocal repertoire. We collected ...
Meier Brian P - - 2011
It is striking that prosocial people are considered "sweet" (e.g., "she's a sweetie") because they are unlikely to differentially taste this way. These metaphors aid communication, but theories of conceptual metaphor and embodiment led us to hypothesize that they can be used to derive novel insights about personality processes. Five ...
Fahey Michael T MT Biostatistics Unit, Medical Research Council, Cambridge, UK. - - 2012
Finite mixture models posit the existence of a latent categorical variable and can be used for probabilistic classification. The authors illustrate the use of mixture models for dietary pattern analysis. An advantage of this approach is taking classification uncertainty into account. Participants were a random sample of women from the ...
Finlayson Graham - - 2011
The present study used a measure of trait binge eating (Binge Eating Scale; BES) to examine its association with behavioural markers of appetite and food reward. Non-obese female participants consumed a preload before freely selecting and consuming from a test meal. Subjective hunger and hedonic measures of explicit liking and ...
Hu Gang - - 2011
Previous studies of Trachypithecus species indicated that they were selective feeders that concentrated on relatively few food species/items. From January to December 2005, I quantified potential food availability and the food species/items eaten by five groups of François' langur (Trachypithecus francoisi) in the Mayanghe Nature Reserve (MNR), People's Republic of ...
Azadbakht Leila - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to assess the relation of major dietary patterns identified by factor analysis to attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in a group of Iranian school-age children. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 375 school-age children in Tehran, Iran. We assessed usual dietary intakes by a semiquantitative food-frequency ...
Lloyd Amanda J AJ Institute of Biological Environmental and Rural Sciences, Aberystwyth University, Aberystwyth, United - - 2011
The lack of robust biological markers of dietary exposure hinders the quantitative understanding of causal relations between diet and health. We aimed to develop an efficient procedure to discover metabolites in urine that may have future potential as biomarkers of acute exposure to foods of high public health importance. Twenty-four ...
Briggs Laura - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To use an innovative mixed-method approach to analyse and describe 8-10-year-olds' home and school food environments. DESIGN: A mixed-method approach to collect qualitative and quantitative data was used, in which pupils took photographs over four days to record their food intake and food environment. The photographs were discussed in ...
Masi Shelly - - 2011
Certain toxic plants are beneficial for health if small amounts are ingested infrequently and in a specific context of illness. Among our closest living relatives, chimpanzees are found to consume with pharmacological properties. Providing insight on the origins of human self-medication, this study investigates the role social systems and physiology ...
Caselli Christini Barbosa - - 2011
Most aspects of the ecology and behavior of Callicebus nigrifrons are still unknown. The information available about this species is mainly based on a few studies that also focused on other Callicebus. We examined the feeding behavior and activity pattern of a free-ranging pair of C. nigrifrons between March and ...
Puiggròs Francesc - - 2011
Traditional dietary assessment methods, such as 24-h recalls, weighted food diaries and food frequency questionnaires (FFQs) are highly subjective and impair the assessment of successfully accomplished dietary interventions. Foodomic technologies offer promising methodologies for gathering scientific evidence from clinical trials with sensitive methods (e.g., GC-MS, LC-MS, CE, NMR) to detect ...
Hölzl Michaela - - 2011
Optimal foraging strategies and food choice are influenced by various factors, e.g. availability, size and caloric content of the food type and predation risk. However, food choice criteria may change when food is not eaten immediately but has to be carried to a storage site for later use. For example, ...
Takaizumi Kanae - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether awareness of the Japanese Food Guide (JFG) can promote changes in eating behaviour. DESIGN: A longitudinal study was conducted in 2007 and 2009 by means of an Internet-based survey. Awareness status of the JFG and a sixteen-item scale for calculating eating behaviour scores were obtained. SETTING: ...
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