Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 859
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Mülleder Ursula - - 2002
Anthocyanins, which are natural plant pigments from the flavonoid family, represent substantial constituents of the human diet. Several fruits (blackcurrant, blue berries, red grape and elderberry) are rich sources of these efficient antioxidant compounds. The present study was designed to determine the potential bioavailability in humans of the anthocyanins of ...
Falcoz Christine - - 2002
These two Phase I, open-label, single-dose, randomized, crossoverstudies in 40 healthymale subjects investigated the pharmacokinetic and safety profiles of various formulations of the amprenavir prodrug GW433908 in the presence and absence of food compared with amprenavir capsules. GW433908 is a phosphate ester prodrug of the antiretroviral protease inhibitor amprenavir, with ...
Rostami-Hodjegan A - - 2002
The primary objective of this four-way crossover study was to compare the concentration-time profile of paracetamol from a new rapidly absorbed paracetamol tablet containing sodium bicarbonate (PS) with a conventional paracetamol tablet (P), in a panel of 28 fed and fasted healthy volunteers. The results demonstrated that paracetamol was absorbed ...
Karasulu H Y - - 2002
Microcapsules of ketoconazole with 1:1 and 1:2 core-wall ratios were prepared by means of the phase separation technique using sodium carboxymethylcellulose as a coating material. The microcapsules were mixed with effervescent granules and were tabletted. Dissolution studies of microcapsules, tabletted microcapsules and commercial ovules were carried out with a new ...
Schug B S - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Objective of the study was the comparison of two nifedipine sustained-release products marketed in Europe. Maximum plasma concentration (C(max)) and area under the plasma-concentration curve (AUC) values were derived after administration of single doses (60 mg) of test product and reference product, both approved for once-a-day administration, to 24 ...
Neuhofel Ashley L - - 2002
Fluoroquinolones are known to interact with drugs containing multivalent ions. Current Food and Drug Administration (FDA) labeling states that ciprofloxacin and most other fluoroquinolones are safe to be given with food and dietary calcium but not calcium supplements. Although many of the currently marketed calcium fortified foods have calcium contents ...
Ndindayino F - - 2002
Isomalt, a disaccharide alcohol was co-extruded with paracetamol or hydrochlorothiazide (HCT) in order to improve its tabletting properties. After extrusion, isomalt was transformed into an amorphous form, while paracetamol remained crystalline. Hot stage microscopy showed that HCT was amorphous in the isomalt carrier up to a concentration of 1% (w/w). ...
Kumar Vijay - - 2002
A new cellulose-based tabletting excipient, hereinafter referred to as UICEL, has been developed by treating cellulose powder with an aqueous solution of sodium hydroxide (conc. > or = 5N) and subsequently precipitating it with ethyl alcohol. UICEL is similar in structure to Avicel PH-102, a commercial direct compression excipient commonly ...
Al-Behaisi Samar - - 2002
The in vitro dissolution profiles of deramciclane 30 mg film-coated tablets, an acid-labile new 5-HT receptor antagonist, were studied under simulated fasting and fed conditions. Artificial gastric juice with pH adjusted to that of fasting conditions was applied either alone or after adding different dietary components. The use of the ...
Timmer Cees J - - 2002
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of food on absorption and pharmacokinetic disposition of tibolone. DESIGN: Open-label, randomized, crossover study with a 1-week washout period. SETTING: Institut für Klinische Pharmakologie, Hohenkirchen-Siegertsbrunn, Germany SUBJECTS: Twenty-four healthy, early postmenopausal women. INTERVENTION: Single doses of tibolone 2.5 mg were administered after subjects consumed ...
Dingemanse Jasper - - 2002
The purpose of the study was to investigate the effect of food intake on the pharmacokinetics and metabolism as well as the relative bioavailability of bosentan. Sixteen healthy male subjects were treated in a randomized, four-way, crossover design with single oral doses of 125 mg bosentan, given as one tablet ...
Shepard Dale R DR University of Chicago, 5841 S. Maryland Ave., Chicago, IL 60637, - - 2002
To determine the effect of food on the pharmacokinetics of 5-fluoruracil (5-FU) taken orally with eniluracil and to compare the performance of different pharmacokinetic analysis methods in the detection a potential food-drug interaction. In a randomized, open-label, two-way crossover study, 12 patients received eniluracil (50 mg, orally) on days 1 ...
Alam Khan
A balanced and energy-restricted diet, exercise and behavior modification are the usual approaches used for obesity. Islamic fasting, which has the components of energy restriction and behavior modification, could be a safe nutritional approach for the prevention and treatment of obesity. For this reason, the effect of Islamic Fasting, an ...
Ostlund Richard E RE - - 2002
Phytosterols are cholesterol-like molecules found in all plant foods, with the highest concentrations occurring in vegetable oils. They are absorbed only in trace amounts but inhibit the absorption of intestinal cholesterol including recirculating endogenous biliary cholesterol, a key step in cholesterol elimination. Natural dietary intake varies from about 167-437 mg/day. ...
Dutta Sandeep - - 2002
The effect of food on the pharmacokinetics of fiduxosin, a novel selective alpha1a-receptor antagonist, was determined in healthy male subjects. This was a Phase I, open-label, single-center, randomized, two-period, crossover, single oral dose study of fiduxosin. Healthy male subjects (N= 14) were administered single oral doses of 30 mg of ...
Juárez-Olguín H - - 2002
Is well known that food can affect the bioavailability of several drugs, its impact is major for those drugs that have to act near of drug absorption. Documentation about alterations of ranitidine bioavailability by effect of food is poor. The purpose of this work was to evaluate the effect of ...
Drüeke Tilman B - - 2002
The proportion of the daily ingested aluminium that is absorbed in the intestinal tract has remained a matter of debate for many years because no reliable method of measurement was available. Studies with earlier analytic techniques reported fractional absorption of aluminium from as little as 0.001% to as much as ...
Bhargava Vijay - - 2002
Telithromycin is an innovative antibacterial designed for the treatment of community-acquired respiratory tract infections. This study assessed the effect of food on the bioavailability of a single oral dose of telithromycin 800 mg in healthy male subjects. Male volunteers aged 18-45 y were recruited for an open-label, single-dose, 2-period, cross-over ...
Martay Kenneth - - 2002
Sufficient preoperative fasting time is essential for safe induction of anesthesia to prevent aspiration of gastric contents. However, the time recommended for sufficient preoperative fasting varies greatly, depending on the nature of the oral intake, from 2 h for clear liquids to 6 h for solid foods. We report the ...
Nestel P - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: To determine the efficacy on plasma cholesterol-lowering of plant sterol esters or non-esterified stanols eaten within low-fat foods as well as margarine. DESIGN: Randomised, controlled, single-blind study with sterol esters and non-esterified plant stanols provided in breakfast cereal, bread and spreads. Study 1 comprised 12 weeks during which sterol ...
Elshaug C - - 2001
The authors' primary aim was to determine whether Australian volunteers and paid workers who were engaged in similar activities differed on aspects of a 5-factor model of personality. Their secondary aim was to determine whether personality attributes were similar between volunteers involved in different activities. The participants were 36 volunteer ...
Sugawara T - - 2001
Despite the interest in the beneficial roles of dietary carotenoids in human health, little is known about their solubilization from foods to mixed bile micelles during digestion and the intestinal uptake from the micelles. We investigated the absorption of carotenoids solubilized in mixed micelles by differentiated Caco-2 human intestinal cells, ...
Totsuka K - - 2001
The effects of food intake and age on intestinal absorption of AS-924, a novel prodrug-type cephem antibiotic, were examined in 16 healthy adult volunteers (eight young volunteers and eight elderly volunteers) by the cross-over method, using cefpodoxime proxetil (CPOD-PR) as the control drug. The gastrointestinal absorption of AS-924 and CPOD-PR ...
Cook J - - 2001
The authors examined the effect of food on the bioavailability of Dilantin Kapseals in a nonblinded, single 100-mg dose, randomized, crossover trial. Drug was administered after an 8-hour fast and after a high-fat meal. Differences in mean dietary state values were +6% for maximum concentrations (C(max)) and -2% for area ...
Wilder B J - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Because of phenytoin's narrow therapeutic index and nonlinear pharmacokinetics, food-induced alterations in absorption may markedly influence drug concentrations and, in turn, safety and effectiveness. Potential food-associated differences between 100-mg Mylan (Mylan Pharmaceuticals) extended-release phenytoin sodium capsules and Parke-Davis 100-mg Dilantin Kapseals were examined. METHODS: A single-dose, two-way crossover study ...
Midha K K - - 2001
PURPOSE: To test the hypothesis that the pharmacokinetics of d-methylphenidate (d-MPH) would be altered by food ingested before administration of an immediate release formulation (dl-MPH- IR) but not when food is ingested before a slow release formulation (dl-MPH-SR). METHODS: A randomized, four-phase, open label, crossover design was conducted in 24 ...
Polli J E - - 2001
PURPOSE: The object of this work was to devise four new direct curve comparison (DCC) metrics and examine each metric's distribution properties and performance characteristics. METHODS: DCC metrics, Cmax, and AUCi were calculated from two bioequivalence studies of three sustained release carbamazepine formulations, where a range of profile similarity was ...
Arima H - - 2001
The enhancing effects of cyclodextrins (CyDs) on the solubility, the dissolution rate, and the bioavailability of tacrolimus after oral administration to rats were examined and compared with those after administration of a PROGRAF capsule containing the solid dispersion formulation of tacrolimus. Here we used natural CyDs and the hydrophilic beta-CyD ...
Paulson S K - - 2001
Celecoxib pharmacokinetics was evaluated after single and multiple oral dosing; after dosing in a solution and as a solid; with and without food; and after administration into different sites of the GI tract using dog. After oral dosing in a solution, celecoxib was rapidly absorbed and reached maximum concentrations by ...
Cass L M - - 2001
The effect of food on the bioavailability of GW420867X, a novel nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor, was investigated in 15 young, healthy, male volunteers. A single oral dose of GW420867X 100 mg was administered in the fasted state, after a high-fat meal, and after a meal of normal fat composition. Tolerability ...
Yokel R A - - 2001
This MiniReview updates and expands the MiniReview of aluminium toxicokinetics by Wilhelm et al. published by this journal in 1990. The use of 26Al, analyzed by accelerator mass spectrometry, now enables determination of Al toxicokinetics under physiological conditions. There is concern about aluminium in drinking water. The common sources of ...
Auclair B - - 2001
This study was conducted in order to (i) determine the effect of food, orange juice, or antacids on the absorption of a single oral 500-mg dose of ethionamide (ETA) in healthy volunteers, including an assessment of bioequivalence, and (ii) determine ETA population pharmacokinetic (PK) parameters. The pharmacokinetics of ETA in ...
Olsson B - - 2001
The objective of this study was to investigate the influence of food on the pharmacokinetics of tolterodine, its active 5-hydroxymethyl metabolite (5-HM), and exposure to the active moiety (sum of unbound tolterodine + 5-HM) in healthy volunteers. Serum concentrations of tolterodine and 5-HM were measured for up to 12 hours ...
Damle B - - 2001
UFT is composed of tegafur (FT), a prodrug of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), and uracil in a fixed combination (1:4). In conjunction with leucovorin, UFT is being developed for the first-line oral treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer. The effect of food on the oral bioavailability of UFT (2 x 100 mg capsules; ...
Yuen G J - - 2001
A single-center, open-label, three-way crossover study was conducted in 24 healthy subjects to assess (1) the bioequivalence of a combined abacavir 300 mg/lamivudine 150 mg/zidovudine 300 mg (A/L/Z) combination tablet relative to the separate brand-name components administered simultaneously and (2) the effect of food on the bioavailability of the drugs ...
Meng X - - 2001
The tablet form of amiodarone is indicated for the treatment of recurrent ventricular fibrillation or hemodynamically unstable ventricular tachycardia. It is recommended that the tablet be taken with meals in cases of gastrointestinal intolerance. However, the effect of food on its bioavailability is unknown. The primary objective of this study ...
McLean A - - 2001
Carbatrol, a new dosage form of carbamazepine (CBZ), was developed consisting of three different types of pellets (immediate release, controlled release, and enteric release). The objective of this study was to explore the influence of food on absorption of CBZ. This was a randomized, open-label, single-dose crossover study conducted in ...
Sathyan G - - 2001
The effect of food on the pharmacokinetics of 15 mg oxybutynin XL was evaluated in a single-dose, randomized, crossover, open-label study in healthy volunteers. A validated, stereospecific, high-performance liquid chromatography assay was used to simultaneously determine the plasma concentrations of R- and S-oxybutynin and active metabolite R- and S-desethyloxybutynin. The ...
Lundin P - - 2001
AIM: To study the influence of food on the systemic availability of budesonide in patients with active Crohn's disease. METHODS: Eight patients with an established diagnosis of Crohn's disease each received 9 mg budesonide controlled ileal release (CIR) capsules (Entocort capsules) orally on two separate occasions: once in a fasting ...
Lettieri J - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of concomitant food intake on the pharmacokinetics of a single oral dose of moxifloxacin 400mg. DESIGN: This was a randomised 2-way nonblinded crossover study in healthy volunteers. PARTICIPANTS: 18 young, healthy, male volunteers were enrolled in the study, of whom 16 were considered evaluable for ...
Mauro L S - - 2001
Control of hyperphosphatemia in renal failure is often difficult to achieve. Although calcium-containing phosphate binders have become the preferred phosphate binders, many patients require the addition of an aluminum-containing phosphate binder (APB). Enhanced aluminum absorption has been noted when APBs are administered with citrate-containing products such as citrate/citric acid solution ...
Marathe P H - - 2000
Two randomized crossover studies were conducted to evaluate the pharmacokinetics (including food effect) of fixed-combination metformin/glyburide tablets. Pharmacokinetics and bioavailability of two strengths (500 mg/2.5 mg and 500 mg/5 mg) of metformin/glyburide tablets were assessed relative to coadministered metformin and glyburide tablets in study 1. The effect of a high-fat ...
Yanze F M - - 2000
The purpose of the present study was to apply melt granulation in a fluidized bed dryer (fluidized bed dryer melt granulation) to manufacture one-step effervescent granules composed of anhydrous citric acid and sodium bicarbonate to make tablets. This study permitted us to establish that such process parameters as concentrations of ...
Walle T - - 2000
Flavonoids, dietary components in vegetables, fruits and beverages, may protect against coronary heart disease, stroke and cancer. However, the bioavailability of these compounds is questionable. A previous study in ileostomy patients of the most abundant flavonoid, quercetin, suggested a 52% absorption of its major dietary forms, monoglucoside (QMG) and diglucoside ...
Desroches S - - 2000
Recent epidemiological studies have confirmed the existence of a correlation between aluminum level in low-silica drinking water and prevalence of Alzheimer's disease. Also, oral aluminum-based phosphate binders and antacids may induce acute aluminum toxicity. Whatever the source of the metal ingested, its bioavailability is a function of the chemical forms ...
Ibarrola I - - 2000
Cockles Cerastoderma edule were fed two different concentrations ( approximately 0.8 and 2 mm(3) l(-1)) of two diets with different qualities ( approximately 10 and 60% of organic content) which were achieved by mixing different proportions of ashed silt particles with cells of the microalgae Tetraselmis suecica. Clearance, ingestion and ...
Wagner K G - - 2000
Enteric coated bisacodyl pellets were compressed into divisible disintegrating tablets on a high speed rotary tablet press and investigated for pellet damages. The degree of pellet damages was examined via the bisacodyl dissolution during the acid treatment of' the drug release test for enteric coated articles according to USP 23. ...
Ribone M E - - 2000
The mucolitic bromhexine [N-(2-amino-3,5-dibromobenzyl)-N-methylcyclohexylamine] has been determined in cotrimoxazole-containing tablets by partial least-squares (PLS-1) multivariate of spectrophotometric calibration data in the spectral range 310-350 nm. In the studied commercial tablets, cotrimoxazole is present in large excess (ca. 100:1 in weight) with respect to bromhexine, and a high degree of spectral ...
Gisclon L G - - 2000
The effect of a high-fat meal on the absorption and pharmacokinetics of 17 beta-estradiol (E2), estrone (E1), estrone sulfate (E1S), and 17-deacetylnorgestimate (17d-NGM) were determined in this two-way complete crossover study of a single dose of E2/NGM (2 mg/180 micrograms) in 24 postmenopausal women. Equal numbers of subjects were randomly ...
Wang S J - - 2000
Colon transit study is currently performed by delivering technetium-99m or indium-111 labelled activated charcoal to the colon in a methacrylate-coated capsule (coated capsule). However, the coating procedure is complicated and methacrylate has not been approved by the Food and Drug Administration. Therefore, a simpler method is needed for the clinical ...
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