Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 843
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Bello Carlo L - - 2006
The effect of food on the oral bioavailability of sunitinib malate (SU11248, an oral, multi-targeted tyrosine kinase inhibitor with anti-angiogenic and anti-tumor activities) was assessed in a randomized open-label, two-way crossover study. A 50-mg dose of SU11248 was administered to 16 healthy subjects after a 10-h fast in one period ...
Zhou Xiao-Jian - - 2006
The influence of food on the pharmacokinetics of telbivudine, a candidate antiviral agent against hepatitis B virus (HBV), was investigated in healthy adult subjects following a 600-mg oral dose administered with and without a high-fat/high-calorie meal. Telbivudine was well tolerated under fasting and fed conditions. Oral absorption of telbivudine as ...
Sauron R - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: The present study was conducted to assess the effect of food on the bioavailability of fenofibric acid from a new tablet formulation containing fenofibrate nanoparticles. METHODS: In this 3-way crossover study, 45 subjects received in a random order one 145 mg fenofibrate tablet under high-fat fed (HFF), low-fat fed ...
Uher Rudolf - - 2006
To maintain nutritional homeostasis, external food-related stimuli have to be evaluated in relation to the internal states of hunger or satiety. To examine the neural circuitry responsible for integration of internal and external determinants of human eating behaviour, brain responses to visual and complex gustatory food-related stimuli were measured using ...
Jinno Jun-ichi - - 2006
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects of particle size on the dissolution and oral absorption of cilostazol. Three types of suspensions having different particle size distributions were prepared of the hammer-milled, the jet-milled cilostazol crystals and the NanoCrystal spray-dried powder of cilostazol. In vitro dissolution ...
Islinger Florian - - 2006
In the present pilot study we investigated the effect of food ingestion on target site pharmacokinetics of linezolid, the first clinically approved oxazolidinone. For this purpose we determined free concentrations of linezolid at steady state in the interstitial space fluid of skeletal muscle and subcutaneous adipose tissue under fasting and ...
Nirogi Ramakrishna V S - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed at investigating the effects of concomitant food intake on the bioavailability of a single oral dose of clopidogrel (CAS 113665-84-2). METHODS: Clopidogrel was given under two conditions separated by a 14-day washout period: fasted and fed (after a standardized high fat breakfast). Concentrations of clopidogrel ...
Jones Hannah M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Food-induced changes in gastric emptying time, gastric pH and/or intestinal fluid composition may have an impact on the pharmacokinetics of drugs. The aim of this work was to use mathematical models describing physiology in fed and fasted states together with biorelevant solubility and degradation data to simulate food effects ...
Jeffery Robert W - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Eating at "fast food" restaurants has increased and is linked to obesity. This study examined whether living or working near "fast food" restaurants is associated with body weight. METHODS: A telephone survey of 1033 Minnesota residents assessed body height and weight, frequency of eating at restaurants, and work and ...
Ogo Yuki - - 2005
This study aimed to examine the effects of banana juice on levodopa bioavailability in rats. When a levodopa preparation (EC-Doparl tablets) was orally administered with banana juice made by mixing with a fresh banana and water, there were significant decreases in C(max) (17.4+/-2.5 vs. 8.6+/-3.1 microg/ml; alpha=0.05) and AUC (1882.8+/-49.2 ...
Jahn T - - 2005
Lubrication of the tooling (punches and dies) is necessary to produce tablets. The most commonly used lubricant is magnesium stearate. Adding and blending magnesium stearate to the tablet mass often has negative effects on the properties of the compressed tablets (e.g., decreasing the tensile strength of the tablet). To avoid ...
Venkatesan Natarajan - - 2005
In the present study, an attempt was made to study the feasibility of nanoparticulate adsorbents in the presence of an absorption enhancer, as a drug delivery tool for the administration of erythropoietin (EPO) to the small intestine. Liquid filled nano- and micro-particles (LFNPS/LFMPS) were prepared using solid adsorbents such as ...
Fu Yourong - - 2005
Highly plastic granules that can be compressed into tablets at low pressure were developed to make fast-melting tablets (FMTs) by compression method. The highly plastic granules are composed of three components: a plastic material, a material enhancing water penetration, and a wet binder. One of the unique properties of the ...
Zamboni William C - - 2006
9-Nitrocamptothecin (9NC) is an orally administered camptothecin analogue that has completed phase III trials for pancreatic cancer. In biological matrices, camptothecin analogues exist in equilibrium between the active-lactone (LAC) and inactive-hydroxy acid (HA) forms. 9NC has been administered on an empty stomach; however, it is unclear if food alters the ...
Spénard Jean - - 2005
To evaluate the effects of food and formulation on the pharmacokinetics of bismuth biskalcitrate, metronidazole and tetracycline when combined in a new 3-in-1 single capsule (BMT) for eradication of Helicobacter pylori. In a randomized, 3 x 3 cross-over design, 23 healthy males received one dose of BMT in the fed ...
Souliman Sabah - - 2006
The first purpose of this study was to simulate the impact of food intake on drug release and absorption in vivo using a novel in vitro system which mimics the gastro-intestinal (GI) tract in man. The drug studied was acetaminophen in the form of immediate release (IR) tablets. The second ...
Shibata Yusuke - - 2005
A powder solid dispersion system (SD) of indomethacin (IM) with crospovidone (CrosPVP) possesses good fluidity and can be used for tablet formulation. Tablets of SD can be prepared by direct compression and have adequate hardness and a small variation in weight. Forces during the tableting process were measured with a ...
Park Young Joon - - 2005
Carnosine (beta-alanyl-L-histidine) is a dipeptide found in the muscle foods that has been postulated to be a bioactive food component. The objective of this research was to determine the concentration of carnosine in human plasma after ingestion of beef. Nine males and nine females were recruited for the study. Food ...
Mendoza Luis - - 2005
A randomized, two-way, crossover, bioequivalence study was conducted in 26 fasting, healthy, male volunteers to compare two brands of citalopram 40 mg tablets, Citol (Abdi Ibrahim Ilaç San. ve Tic A.S., Istanbul, Turkey) as a test and Cipramil (H. Lundbeck A/S, Copenhagen, Denmark) as a reference product. One tablet of ...
Thomas Katrin - - 2005
When the microemulsion formulation of the critical dose drug cyclosporine A (CsA) (Sandimmun Optoral) was introduced in the mid-1990s, it became clear that this new formulation improves the oral bioavailability of CsA and has a positive influence on its pharmacokinetic variability. Previous studies with the original CsA formulation (Sandimmun) showed ...
Weitschies Werner - - 2005
PURPOSE: Evaluation of the double-peak phenomenon during absorption of the beta(1)-selective blocker talinolol relative to paracetamol, which is well absorbed from all parts of the gut, and relative to vitamin A, which is absorbed via the lymphatic pathway. METHODS: Talinolol was given with paracetamol and retinyl palmitate in fast-disintegrating, enteric-coated, ...
Tang Guangwen - - 2005
Current knowledge of the bioavailability of lycopene in humans is limited due to the inability to distinguish newly administered lycopene from the body reserves of lycopene. A quantitative method to assess the absorption and relative bioavailability of newly absorbed synthetic or natural lycopene was developed using two deuterated lycopene sources, ...
Rodríguez Pablo - - 2005
Every year, about three million farm-reared red-legged partridges are released in Spain for hunting purposes, most of them for restocking where the success is very low. Some factors such as the sudden shift from abundant commercial energy-rich diet to natural food and absence of experience at looking for natural food ...
Ullmann U - - 2005
Commercial Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10, ubiquinone) formulations are often of poor intestinal absorption. We investigated the bioavailability of DSM Nutritional Products Ltd. (Kaiseraugst, Switzerland) CoQ10 10% TG/P (all-Q), a new tablet-grade formulation, with CoQ10 Q-Gel Softsules based on the Bio-Solv technology (Tishcon Corp., Salisbury, MD; marketed by Epic4Health, Smithtown, NY) and ...
Taguchi Yuuki - - 2005
We examined the effect of a clove (Syzygium aromaticum) administered by two different routes on Candida albicans growth, using a murine oral candidiasis model. When the clove preparation was administered into the oral cavity of Candida-infected mice, their oral symptoms were improved and the number of viable Candida cells in ...
Ersdal Eva - - 2005
To assess the potential effects of food on the pharmacokinetics and tolerability/safety of ximelagatran, an oral direct thrombin inhibitor developed for the prevention and treatment of thromboembolic disease that is rapidly bioconverted to its active form, melagatran. DESIGN AND STUDY PARTICIPANTS: In two open-label, randomised, crossover studies, healthy male and ...
Maia Joana - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of food on the pharmacokinetics of eslicarbazepine acetate (BIA 2-093), a new voltage-gated sodium channel antagonist. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Single-centre, open-label, randomised, two-way crossover study in 12 healthy subjects. The study consisted of two consecutive treatment periods separated by a washout of 14 days or ...
Faulks Richard Martin - - 2005
Carotenoids are an excellent example of where poor understanding of food structure, complexity of behaviour during digestion, and inter-individual differences in response, lead to misinterpretation of study results. Four challenges associated with understanding and measuring carotenoid bioavailability are discussed: release of carotenoids from food structure and processing into an absorbable ...
Abolfathi Zohreh - - 2004
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to characterize the food effect on the pharmacokinetics of sibutramine and its pharmacologically active metabolites. METHODS: This was an open label, single dose, crossover study completed by six healthy males. A single dose of sibutramine 15 mg was administered orally under fasting and ...
Wu Yunhui - - 2004
MK-0869 (aprepitant), a potent substance P antagonist, is the active ingredient of EMEND which has recently been approved by the FDA for the prevention of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting. Early clinical tablet formulations of MK-0869 showed significant food effects on absorption, suggesting that formulation could have a significant role in ...
Drabant Sándor - - 2004
The effect of a high-fat meal on the oral bioavailability of deramciclane 30 mg tablet was evaluated in 18 healthy male volunteers in a randomised, single dose, two-way crossover study. The drug was administered following an overnight fast or a standardised high-fat breakfast. The plasma concentrations of deramciclane and N-desmethylderamciclane ...
Ami Diletta - - 2004
We report the results of a microspectroscopy study on the Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) absorption spectra of Caenorhabditis elegans, collected from the different parts of a single intact specimen--pharynx, intestine and tail regions. The principal absorption bands were assigned to the molecular species present in C. elegans, with an excellent ...
Skoog Suzanne M - - 2004
It has been proposed that fructose may cause or aggravate symptoms in patients with functional gastrointestinal disorders. Fructose is commonly used to sweeten processed foods, and the prevalence of incomplete fructose absorption (25 g, 10%) in healthy subjects is as high as 50%. The only controlled study that has been ...
Andlauer Wilfried - - 2004
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Cancer-protective effects of isoflavones like genistin or genistein are well known. High intakes and an adequate absorption rate of isoflavones are necessary for efficient chemoprevention, though other dietary agents might increase absorption efficacy. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of phloridzin, an inhibitor ...
Block Jason P - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Environmental factors may contribute to the increasing prevalence of obesity, especially in black and low-income populations. In this paper, the geographic distribution of fast food restaurants is examined relative to neighborhood sociodemographics. METHODS: Using geographic information system software, all fast-food restaurants within the city limits of New Orleans, Louisiana, ...
Guivarc'h Pol-Henri - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The main drawback of the lipid-lowering agent fenofibrate is low bioavailability when taken orally on an empty stomach. Even the newest marketed formulations, micronized fenofibrate (MF) 200-mg capsules and microcoated fenofibrate (MCF) 160-mg tablets, require administration with meals to increase bioavailability. Insoluble Drug Delivery-Microparticle (IDD-P) fenofibrate 160-mg tablets are ...
Scarso Alessandro - - 2004
A self-assembled cylindrical capsule provides a nanoscale environment that affects keto-enol equilibria. The equilibrium constants for encapsulated beta-ketoesters show values that differ by an order of magnitude from that of the free tautomers in solution. For complexes with a single, large encapsulated guest, the inner surfaces of the capsule and ...
Uchida Taisuke - - 2004
AIM: To determine the effect of food ingestion on the pharmacokinetic profile of solifenacin succinate (YM905; Vesicare, a new bladder selective muscarinic receptor antagonist for the treatment of overactive bladder, a chronic disease usually caused by involuntary detrusor muscle contractions during bladder filling. METHODS: A randomized, two-period, crossover study in ...
Pistos C - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To assess the bioequivalence of 2 oral cefuroxime axetil (250 mg) tablets formulation. The reference preparation was Zinadol/Glaxo Wellcome, England, while the test preparation was cefuroxime axetil/Pharmathen, Athens, Greece. SUBJECTS, MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was an open, randomized, 2-period, 2-sequence, 2-treatment crossover, involving 24 healthy male and female ...
Uner Melike - - 2004
In this study, honey locust gum (HLG) obtained from Gleditsia triacanthos (honey locust) beans was investigated as a hydrophilic matrix material in the tablets prepared at different concentrations (5% and 10%) by wet granulation method. Theophylline was chosen as a model drug. The matrix tablets containing hydroxyethylcellulose and hydroxypropyl methylcellulose ...
Peters Godefridus J - - 2004
PURPOSE: The purpose is to determine the effect of food on the bioavailability of S-1, an oral formulation of the 5-fluorouracil (5FU) prodrug Ftorafur (FT), 5-chloro-2,4-dihydroxypyridine (CDHP), a dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase inhibitor, and oxonic acid (an inhibitor of 5FU phosphoribosylation in normal gut mucosa) in a molar ratio of 1:0.4:1. EXPERIMENTAL ...
Ma Joseph D - - 2004
S-warfarin area under the concentration-time curve (AUC(0- infinity )) and clearance are used as measures of cytochrome p450 (CYP) 2C9 activity. In addition, warfarin S/R ratios are used to assess CYP2C9 activity. The determination of S-warfarin AUC(0- infinity ) requires multiple blood samples. Limited sampling strategy (LSS) is a validated ...
Chan Phylinda L S - - 2004
Clinicians recognize levodopa has a short-duration response (measured in hr) and a long-duration response (measured in days) in Parkinson's disease. In addition there is a diurnal pattern of motor function with better function in the morning. Previous pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic modeling has quantified only the short-duration response. We have developed a pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic ...
Abrahamsson Bertil - - 2004
The aims of the present study was to investigate if food components, as represented by a multi-component nutritional drink for tube feeding, could affect tablet disintegration of standard tablets in vitro as well as in vivo and propose a mechanism for potential food effects on tablet disintegration. The tablet disintegration ...
Delaney Bryan - - 2004
Clinical studies have demonstrated that consumption of phytosterol esters in lipid-based foods decreases serum concentrations of total and LDL cholesterol. These substances represent minimal potential for adverse effects when consumed orally because of their low bioavailability. However, some studies have reported estrogenic and other effects in laboratory animals treated parenterally ...
Manach Claudine - - 2004
Polyphenols are abundant micronutrients in our diet, and evidence for their role in the prevention of degenerative diseases such as cancer and cardiovascular diseases is emerging. The health effects of polyphenols depend on the amount consumed and on their bioavailability. In this article, the nature and contents of the various ...
Bard Robert L - - 2004
Food significantly affects the pharmacokinetics of oral loop diuretics in healthy individuals, but studies have not been performed in patients with edema. Because of this omission, food's effect on pharmacokinetics has been overlooked and may decrease the pharmacodynamic response in patients who rely on diuretics. Despite this potential interaction, reference ...
Fukazawa Ichiro - - 2004
To investigate the effects of repeated grapefruit juice (GFJ) intake on the pharmacokinetics of atorvastatin and pravastatin in Japanese subjects. Two randomized, two-way crossover studies were performed. GFJ or water was given to two groups of 10 subjects each three times daily for 2 days. On the third day, single ...
Agrawa Anurradha - - 2004
To establish an improved protocol for the cryopreservation of banana (Musa spp.), a fast-freeze/fast-thaw method was applied and compared to three existing cryogenic procedures, namely, simple freezing, vitrification of proliferating meristems and vitrification of individual meristems. The average post-thaw shoot regeneration of the fast freeze/fast thaw protocol was 51.8 percent ...
Courtney Rachel R Schering-Plough Research Institute, Kenilworth, New Jersey 07033, USA. - - 2004
Posaconazole is a potent broad-spectrum azole antifungal agent in clinical development for the treatment of invasive fungal infections. This study evaluated the potential for a pH-dependent pharmacokinetic interaction between posaconazole and an antacid (Mylanta), under fasting and nonfasting conditions. Twelve men completed this randomized, four-period crossover, single-dose study. Subjects received ...
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