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Rutkowski Krzysztof - - 2012
Anaphylaxis is a severe, potentially fatal, hypersensitivity reaction of rapid onset. It may trigger life-threatening cardiopulmonary compromise, often with skin and mucosal changes such as urticaria and angioedema. The prevalence of anaphylaxis is increasing and the number of cases of fatal anaphylaxis appears to be rising. Food, insect stings, and ...
Lin Jing - - 2012
Peanut allergy is relatively common, typically permanent, and often severe. Double-blind, placebo-controlled food challenge is considered the gold standard for the diagnosis of food allergy-related disorders. However, the complexity and potential of double-blind, placebo-controlled food challenge to cause life-threatening allergic reactions affects its clinical application. A laboratory test that could ...
Gardeitchik Thatjana - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To characterize dietary habits and eating patterns in patients with a urea cycle disorder (UCD), and to identify dietary habits that may serve as clues to lead to earlier diagnosis of these disorders. STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective study of clinical and dietary data from hospital records of ...
Calciati Eugenio - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Campylobacter outbreaks are less common and described than sporadic Campylobacteriosis. METHODS: We describe the epidemiological investigation including stool examination and bacteriological typing of a Campylobacter outbreak affecting 75 primary school children. RESULTS: The highest risk ratio was associated with the food served 4 days before the peak of cases, ...
Järvinen Kirsi M - - 2012
Oral food challenge (OFC) is the gold standard for the diagnosis of food allergy. They are conducted to confirm whether an allergy to food exists (initial challenge) or to monitor for resolution of a food allergy. The history of an immediate allergic reaction, when supported by positive tests for specific ...
Rallabhandi Prasad - - 2012
Gluten, a complex protein group in wheat, rye, and barley, causes celiac disease (CD), an autoimmune enteropathy of the small intestine, in genetically susceptible individuals. CD affects about 1% of the general population and causes significant health problems. Adverse inflammatory reactions to gluten are mediated by inappropriate T-cell activation leading ...
Koluman A - - 2012
The significant rise in food borne infections is mainly caused by Campylobacter spp., Salmonella serovars and Verotoxigenic Escherichia coli. As the emerging food borne pathogens cause disease, more studies have been conducted for rapid detection of these pathogens. The combination of immunomagnetic separation and polymerase chain reaction (IMS-PCR) is the ...
Fuiano Nicola - - 2012
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a common, chronic or chronically relapsing, multifactorial skin disease that mainly occurs in children but affects also adults. AD usually begins early in life and often concerns people with a personal or family history of asthma and allergic rhinitis. AD is characterized by eczematous changes in ...
Gushken A K F - - 2012
BACKGROUND: A double-blind, placebo-controlled food challenge (DBPCFC) is considered the gold standard for diagnosing food allergy, but because of methodological difficulties it is rarely conducted in clinical practice, especially in paediatric patients. The purpose of the study was to propose a DBPCFC protocol that is adapted to our conditions for ...
Noh Geunwoong - - 2012
Atopic dermatitis is an allergic inflammatory skin disease that is characterized by late eczematous skin lesions which result from non-IgE-mediated immune responses. It is well known that food allergy is an important cause of atopic dermatitis. Moreover, with recent advances in the diagnosis and treatment of food allergy, it becomes ...
Noh Geunwoong - - 2012
Atopic dermatitis is an allergic inflammatory skin disease that is characterised by late eczematous skin lesions which result from non-IgE-mediated immune responses. It is well known that food allergy is an important cause of atopic dermatitis. Moreover, with recent advances in the diagnosis and treatment of food allergy, it becomes ...
Meldrum Suzanne J - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Recent trials suggest a link between neuropsychological function, atopy and allergic disease particularly in early childhood; however the nature of this association remains unclear. AIMS: To investigate the relationship between early allergic disease and sensitisation at 12months of age and neurodevelopmental outcomes at 18months. STUDY DESIGN: Linear or binary ...
Noh Geunwoong - - 2012
Food allergies are classified as IgE-mediated and non-IgE mediated type. The number of successful reports of immunotherapy, namely tolerance induction for food allergy (TIFA) are increasing, bringing hope for meaningful positive and radical treatment of food allergy. Therapeutic characteristics of the clinical course in TIFA for NFA are different from ...
Bethlehem Simone - - 2012
Adverse food reaction (AFR) is a common differential diagnosis for pruritic dogs. The only way to diagnose AFR is an elimination diet of 6-8 weeks with a protein and a carbohydrate source not previously fed. In humans, patch testing has been shown to be a useful tool to diagnose food ...
Szajewska Hania - - 2012
The rising number of children and adults with allergic disorders worldwide has prompted interest in strategies to prevent or reduce the risk of allergy. This article discusses the role of early nutritional strategies in the prenatal/ postnatal periods that potentially may modify disease risk. Exclusive breastfeeding may help to prevent ...
Mughini-Gras L - - 2012
We describe trends in the occurrence of acute infectious gastroenteritis (1992 to 2009) and food-borne disease outbreaks (1996 to 2009) in Italy. In 2002, the Piedmont region implemented a surveillance system for early detection and control of food-borne disease outbreaks; in 2004, the Lombardy region implemented a system for surveillance ...
Scarpellini E - - 2012
Adverse food reactions, an adverse health effect arising from an immune or nonimmune response that occurs reproducibly on the exposure to a given food, can be divided into toxic and hypersensitivity reactions. When an immunologic mechanism has been shown, hypersensitivity food reactions should be referred to as food allergy that ...
Prins Diether G J - - 2012
A ten-year-old beef suckler cow was referred to the Scottish Centre for Production Animal Health & Food Safety of the University of Glasgow, because of facial swelling in the region of the right maxilla. The facial swelling was first noticed three months earlier and was caused by a slow growing ...
Suzuki Shintaro - - 2012
Eosinophilic gastroenteritis (EGE) is characterized by eosinophilic infiltration of the digestive organs, most commonly of the stomach and the duodenum. Symptoms of EGE are nonspecific and include nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, dyspepsia, malabsorption, ascites and weight loss. The various symptoms of EGE depend on its location and the depth of ...
Werber Dirk - - 2012
Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) are the most virulent diarrheagenic E. coli known to date. They can be spread with alarming ease via food as exemplified by a large sprout-borne outbreak of STEC O104:H4 in 2011 that was centered in northern Germany and affected several countries. Effective control of such ...
Posthumus Jonathon J Division of Allergy and Immunology, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, Virginia 22908-1355, USA. - - 2012
The allergist is frequently called on to evaluate patients after episodes of anaphylaxis to determine the cause and implement preventive measures that will reduce the patient's risk from future episodes. The etiology of anaphylaxis can be the result of numerous causes that may go undiagnosed if a thorough evaluation is ...
Zhang Zhen Z Center for Biomarker Discovery and Translation, Department of Pathology and Oncology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine Baltimore, - - 2012
In this review, OVA1® (Vermillion, Inc., Austin, TX), the first in vitro diagnostic multivariate index assay (IVDMIA) of protein biomarkers cleared by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA), is used to explain the concept behind IVDMIA, the use of multiple markers to improve clinical performance of a diagnostic tool, ...
Kang Hyo Jin - - 2012
Although BRCA1 is the most prevalent genetic factor in breast cancer, the pathologic mechanism of tumorigenesis caused by its deficiency has not been elucidated. We have previously demonstrated that BRCA1 can modulate responses to xenobiotic stress by regulating expression of genes involved in metabolic activation, detoxification and antioxidant reactions. In ...
Dalmacio L M M - - 2011
The bacterial population in several Philippine fermented food preparations was assessed by PCR-denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (PCR-DGGE) of the 16S rRNA gene (16S rDNA). Genomic DNA was isolated directly from alamang (fermented shrimp paste), burong isda (fermented fish and rice), burong hipon (fermented shrimp and rice), burong mustasa (fermented mustard ...
Hobbs Cheryl A - - 2011
Gum ghatti is a food additive in some parts of the world, serving as an emulsifier, a stabilizer, and a thickening agent. To evaluate its genotoxic potential, we conducted Good Laboratory Practice compliant in vitro and in vivo studies in accordance with the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) ...
Ferrarini Lisa - - 2011
Epidemiological evidence shows that regular consumption of Brassicaceae is associated with a reduced risk of cancer and heart disease. Cruciferous species are usually processed before eating and the real impact of cooking practices on their bioactive properties is not fully understood. We have evaluated the effect of common cooking practices ...
Demirhan Yasemin - - 2011
A commercially available real-time PCR, based on a multi-copy target cytochrome b (cyt b) using porcine specific primers, has been validated for the Halal/Kosher authentication of gelatine. Extraction and purification of DNA from gelatine were successfully achieved using the SureFood® PREP Animal system, and real-time PCR was carried out using ...
Pafundo Simona - - 2011
Traceability is of particular importance for those persons who suffer of allergy or intolerance to some food component and need a strict avoidance of the allergenic food. In this paper, methodologies are described to fingerprint the presence of allergenic species such as carrot, tomato and celery by DNA detection. Three ...
Kaneko Ikuko I Department of Microbiology, Wakayama Medical University School of Medicine, Kimiidera, Wakayama 641-0012, - - 2011
To prevent food-borne bacterial diseases and to trace bacterial contamination events to foods, microbial source tracking (MST) methods provide important epidemiological information. To apply molecular methods to MST, it is necessary not only to amplify bacterial cells to detection limit levels but also to prepare DNA with reduced inhibitory compounds ...
Prasad Prascilla - - 2011
This open-ended practical series titled "Molecular Identification of Unknown Food Bacteria" which extended over a 6-week period was designed with the aims of giving students an opportunity to gain an understanding of naturally occurring food bacteria and skills in contemporary molecular methods using real food samples. The students first isolated ...
Kurzawa-Zegota Malgorzata - - 2011
The food mutagens IQ (2-amino-3-methylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoline) and PhIP (2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine) are heterocyclic amines (HCA), generated when heating proteinaceous food. This study investigates the protective potential of the flavonoids quercetin (Q) and rutin (R) against oxidative stress induced in vitro by IQ and PhIP in lymphocytes from healthy individuals and untreated, newly diagnosed ...
Bermúdez-Humarán Luis G - - 2011
Food-grade Lactic Acid Bacteria (LAB) have been safely consumed for centuries by humans in fermented foods. Thus, they are good candidates to develop novel oral vectors, constituting attractive alternatives to attenuated pathogens, for mucosal delivery strategies. Herein, this review summarizes our research, up until now, on the use of LAB ...
Weygandt Martin M Charité - University Medicine Berlin, Bernstein Center for Computational Neuroscience, Berlin, Germany. - - 2012
This study addresses how visual food cues are encoded in reward related brain areas and whether this encoding might provide information to differentiate between patients suffering from eating disorders [binge-eating disorder (BED) and bulimia nervosa (BN)], overweight controls (C-OW), and normal-weight controls (C-NW). Participants passively viewed pictures of food stimuli ...
Baby Latha R R Department of Lipid Science & Traditional Foods, Central Food Technological Research Institute (CSIR), Mysore, 570 020 - - 2014
To provide nutraceutical such as oryzanol through food, two instant mixes based on the Indian traditional food cuisine Bisibele bhath and Upma(Bhath-OZ and Upma-OZ) were developed and evaluated for shelf-life. The formulations contained cereals, pulses, and spices along with oryzanol enriched oil and were packed in 200gauge/50 gauge metallized polyester ...
Kim Dong Min - - 2011
Aflatoxins are toxic secondary metabolites produced commonly by Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus parasiticus. In this study, the possibility of using multiplex PCR was investigated to speed up and specify the detection of aflatoxigenic Aspergillus species in meju, a traditional Korean fermented soybean food starter. Two different sets of three primers ...
Shaviklo G Reza GR Faculty of Food Science and Nutrition, School of Health Sciences, University of Iceland, Sæmundargötu 2, 101 Reykjavik, Iceland ; Iran Fisheries Research Organization (IFRO), West Fatemi 325, Tehran, - - 2013
A convenience ready-to-reconstitute cutlet mix containing 30% fish protein powder was developed to improve the nutritional quality of the product. Consumer survey was based on the home use test (HUT) method. The acceptance of the fish cutlet mix (FCM) was studied using a 9-point hedonic scale ranging from 1 (extremely ...
Sebert S P - - 2011
Fetal growth restriction followed by accelerated postnatal growth contributes to impaired metabolic function in adulthood. The extent to which these outcomes may be mediated centrally within the hypothalamus, as opposed to in the periphery within the digestive tract, remains unknown. In a sheep model, we achieved intrauterine growth restriction experimentally ...
Verwey Michael - - 2011
Predictable restricted feeding schedules limit food availability to a single meal at the same time each day, lead to the induction and entrainment of circadian rhythms in food-anticipatory activity, and shift daily rhythms of clock gene expression in areas of the brain that are important in the regulation of motivational ...
Fleischhacker S E - - 2011
The frequent consumption of energy-dense fast food is associated with increased body mass index. This systematic review aims to examine the methodology and current evidence on fast food access and its associations with outcomes. Six databases were searched using terms relating to fast food. Only peer-reviewed studies published in English ...
Pandita Kamal Kishore - - 2011
Hypercalcaemia is most commonly caused by primary hyperparathyroidism or malignancy. Vitamin D intoxication, also a cause of hypercalcaemia, is mostly caused by excessive administration of vitamin D-containing medications and excessive intake of foods fortified with vitamin D. We present a young cricketer, with recurrent vomiting due to hypercalcaemia and hypervitaminosis ...
Kim Dong-Hoon - - 2011
The effect of initial pH from 5.0 to 9.0 on H(2) fermentation of food waste was investigated. In this batch experiment, however, unlike previous studies for initial pH, operational pH was maintained at 5.0 by the addition of alkaline solution. Although the period for pH drop from the initial values ...
Ong Z Y ZY Sansom Institute for Health Research, School of Pharmacy and Medical Science, University of South Australia, Adelaide, South Australia, - - 2011
Individuals exposed to high-fat, high-sugar diets before birth have an increased risk of obesity in later life. Recent studies have shown that these offspring exhibit increased preference for fat, leading to suggestions that perinatal exposure to high-fat, high-sugar foods results in permanent changes within the central reward system that increase ...
Shalev Uri - - 2011
Currently, there are no existing procedures that model in animals the situation where exposure to prolonged mild food restriction results in relapse to drug abuse. Here, reinstatement of extinguished heroin-seeking behavior was assessed in rats under extinction conditions. Ten, but not 7, days of food restriction (∼80% of sated body ...
Barrangou Rodolphe - - 2011
Bacteria have been widely used as starter cultures in the food industry, notably for the fermentation of milk into dairy products such as cheese and yogurt. Lactic acid bacteria used in food manufacturing, such as lactobacilli, lactococci, streptococci, Leuconostoc, pediococci, and bifidobacteria, are selectively formulated based on functional characteristics that ...
Levy Ofir - - 2011
Abstract We studied the effect of food supplementation during summer and winter in seminatural field conditions on thermoregulation of a desert rodent, the golden spiny mouse Acomys russatus. We hypothesized that (a) under natural food availability (control conditions), mice will use less precise thermoregulation (i.e., an increase in the variance ...
Gaschen Frédéric P - - 2011
Adverse food reactions (AFR) are a common problem that may cause cutaneous and/or gastrointestinal signs in dogs and cats. They comprise food intolerance, food intoxication, and food allergy. Response to a dietary elimination trial and recurrence of signs during dietary provocation remain the centerpiece of diagnosis and management of dogs ...
Alfirević Marjetka - - 2011
Nonylphenols (NP) possess estrogenic activities and may cause increased risk of cancerous and reproductive abnormalities in several living organisms. Despite their harmful nature, NPs are used as additives in food packaging material, especially plastic, which is the main food contact material in today's packaging landscape. According to the fact that ...
Stewart Jessica E - - 2011
The inability of humans to adequately regulate fat consumption is a salient contributor to the development of obesity. The macronutrients, fat, protein and carbohydrate, within foods are detected at various stages of consumption, during which their digestive products, fatty acids, amino acids, and sugars, interact with chemosensory cells within the ...
Trudel David - - 2011
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) have been widely used as flame retardants in textiles, polyurethane foams, and plastics. PBDEs exert toxic effects in various organisms, including humans, and are ubiquitous in the outdoor and indoor environment. Here we estimate total daily PBDE doses received by consumers in North America and Europe, ...
Moser Michael - - 2011
We investigated the effect of pH on the competition of two closely related chrysomonad species, Poterioochromonas malhamensis originating from circumneutral Lake Constance, and Ochromonas sp. isolated from a highly acidic mining lake in Austria (pH ∼2.6). We performed pairwise growth experiments between these two species at four different pH ranging ...
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