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Suzuki Shintaro - - 2012
Eosinophilic gastroenteritis (EGE) is characterized by eosinophilic infiltration of the digestive organs, most commonly of the stomach and the duodenum. Symptoms of EGE are nonspecific and include nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, dyspepsia, malabsorption, ascites and weight loss. The various symptoms of EGE depend on its location and the depth of ...
Zhang Zhen - - 2012
In this review, OVA1® (Vermillion, Inc., Austin, TX), the first in vitro diagnostic multivariate index assay (IVDMIA) of protein biomarkers cleared by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA), is used to explain the concept behind IVDMIA, the use of multiple markers to improve clinical performance of a diagnostic tool, ...
Werber Dirk - - 2012
Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) are the most virulent diarrheagenic E. coli known to date. They can be spread with alarming ease via food as exemplified by a large sprout-borne outbreak of STEC O104:H4 in 2011 that was centered in northern Germany and affected several countries. Effective control of such ...
Posthumus Jonathon J Division of Allergy and Immunology, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, Virginia 22908-1355, USA. - - 2012
The allergist is frequently called on to evaluate patients after episodes of anaphylaxis to determine the cause and implement preventive measures that will reduce the patient's risk from future episodes. The etiology of anaphylaxis can be the result of numerous causes that may go undiagnosed if a thorough evaluation is ...
Kang Hyo Jin - - 2012
Although BRCA1 is the most prevalent genetic factor in breast cancer, the pathologic mechanism of tumorigenesis caused by its deficiency has not been elucidated. We have previously demonstrated that BRCA1 can modulate responses to xenobiotic stress by regulating expression of genes involved in metabolic activation, detoxification and antioxidant reactions. In ...
Dalmacio L M M - - 2011
The bacterial population in several Philippine fermented food preparations was assessed by PCR-denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (PCR-DGGE) of the 16S rRNA gene (16S rDNA). Genomic DNA was isolated directly from alamang (fermented shrimp paste), burong isda (fermented fish and rice), burong hipon (fermented shrimp and rice), burong mustasa (fermented mustard ...
Hobbs Cheryl A - - 2011
Gum ghatti is a food additive in some parts of the world, serving as an emulsifier, a stabilizer, and a thickening agent. To evaluate its genotoxic potential, we conducted Good Laboratory Practice compliant in vitro and in vivo studies in accordance with the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) ...
Ferrarini Lisa - - 2011
Epidemiological evidence shows that regular consumption of Brassicaceae is associated with a reduced risk of cancer and heart disease. Cruciferous species are usually processed before eating and the real impact of cooking practices on their bioactive properties is not fully understood. We have evaluated the effect of common cooking practices ...
Demirhan Yasemin - - 2011
A commercially available real-time PCR, based on a multi-copy target cytochrome b (cyt b) using porcine specific primers, has been validated for the Halal/Kosher authentication of gelatine. Extraction and purification of DNA from gelatine were successfully achieved using the SureFood® PREP Animal system, and real-time PCR was carried out using ...
Pafundo Simona - - 2011
Traceability is of particular importance for those persons who suffer of allergy or intolerance to some food component and need a strict avoidance of the allergenic food. In this paper, methodologies are described to fingerprint the presence of allergenic species such as carrot, tomato and celery by DNA detection. Three ...
Kaneko Ikuko - - 2011
To prevent food-borne bacterial diseases and to trace bacterial contamination events to foods, microbial source tracking (MST) methods provide important epidemiological information. To apply molecular methods to MST, it is necessary not only to amplify bacterial cells to detection limit levels but also to prepare DNA with reduced inhibitory compounds ...
Prasad Prascilla - - 2011
This open-ended practical series titled "Molecular Identification of Unknown Food Bacteria" which extended over a 6-week period was designed with the aims of giving students an opportunity to gain an understanding of naturally occurring food bacteria and skills in contemporary molecular methods using real food samples. The students first isolated ...
Kurzawa-Zegota Malgorzata - - 2011
The food mutagens IQ (2-amino-3-methylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoline) and PhIP (2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine) are heterocyclic amines (HCA), generated when heating proteinaceous food. This study investigates the protective potential of the flavonoids quercetin (Q) and rutin (R) against oxidative stress induced in vitro by IQ and PhIP in lymphocytes from healthy individuals and untreated, newly diagnosed ...
Bermúdez-Humarán Luis G - - 2011
Food-grade Lactic Acid Bacteria (LAB) have been safely consumed for centuries by humans in fermented foods. Thus, they are good candidates to develop novel oral vectors, constituting attractive alternatives to attenuated pathogens, for mucosal delivery strategies. Herein, this review summarizes our research, up until now, on the use of LAB ...
Weygandt Martin M Charité - University Medicine Berlin, Bernstein Center for Computational Neuroscience, Berlin, Germany. - - 2012
This study addresses how visual food cues are encoded in reward related brain areas and whether this encoding might provide information to differentiate between patients suffering from eating disorders [binge-eating disorder (BED) and bulimia nervosa (BN)], overweight controls (C-OW), and normal-weight controls (C-NW). Participants passively viewed pictures of food stimuli ...
Baby Latha R R Department of Lipid Science & Traditional Foods, Central Food Technological Research Institute (CSIR), Mysore, 570 020 - - 2014
To provide nutraceutical such as oryzanol through food, two instant mixes based on the Indian traditional food cuisine Bisibele bhath and Upma(Bhath-OZ and Upma-OZ) were developed and evaluated for shelf-life. The formulations contained cereals, pulses, and spices along with oryzanol enriched oil and were packed in 200gauge/50 gauge metallized polyester ...
Kim Dong Min - - 2011
Aflatoxins are toxic secondary metabolites produced commonly by Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus parasiticus. In this study, the possibility of using multiplex PCR was investigated to speed up and specify the detection of aflatoxigenic Aspergillus species in meju, a traditional Korean fermented soybean food starter. Two different sets of three primers ...
Shaviklo G Reza GR Faculty of Food Science and Nutrition, School of Health Sciences, University of Iceland, Sæmundargötu 2, 101 Reykjavik, Iceland ; Iran Fisheries Research Organization (IFRO), West Fatemi 325, Tehran, - - 2013
A convenience ready-to-reconstitute cutlet mix containing 30% fish protein powder was developed to improve the nutritional quality of the product. Consumer survey was based on the home use test (HUT) method. The acceptance of the fish cutlet mix (FCM) was studied using a 9-point hedonic scale ranging from 1 (extremely ...
Sebert S P - - 2011
Fetal growth restriction followed by accelerated postnatal growth contributes to impaired metabolic function in adulthood. The extent to which these outcomes may be mediated centrally within the hypothalamus, as opposed to in the periphery within the digestive tract, remains unknown. In a sheep model, we achieved intrauterine growth restriction experimentally ...
Verwey Michael - - 2011
Predictable restricted feeding schedules limit food availability to a single meal at the same time each day, lead to the induction and entrainment of circadian rhythms in food-anticipatory activity, and shift daily rhythms of clock gene expression in areas of the brain that are important in the regulation of motivational ...
Fleischhacker S E - - 2011
The frequent consumption of energy-dense fast food is associated with increased body mass index. This systematic review aims to examine the methodology and current evidence on fast food access and its associations with outcomes. Six databases were searched using terms relating to fast food. Only peer-reviewed studies published in English ...
Pandita Kamal Kishore - - 2011
Hypercalcaemia is most commonly caused by primary hyperparathyroidism or malignancy. Vitamin D intoxication, also a cause of hypercalcaemia, is mostly caused by excessive administration of vitamin D-containing medications and excessive intake of foods fortified with vitamin D. We present a young cricketer, with recurrent vomiting due to hypercalcaemia and hypervitaminosis ...
Kim Dong-Hoon - - 2011
The effect of initial pH from 5.0 to 9.0 on H(2) fermentation of food waste was investigated. In this batch experiment, however, unlike previous studies for initial pH, operational pH was maintained at 5.0 by the addition of alkaline solution. Although the period for pH drop from the initial values ...
Ong Z Y ZY Sansom Institute for Health Research, School of Pharmacy and Medical Science, University of South Australia, Adelaide, South Australia, - - 2011
Individuals exposed to high-fat, high-sugar diets before birth have an increased risk of obesity in later life. Recent studies have shown that these offspring exhibit increased preference for fat, leading to suggestions that perinatal exposure to high-fat, high-sugar foods results in permanent changes within the central reward system that increase ...
Shalev Uri - - 2011
Currently, there are no existing procedures that model in animals the situation where exposure to prolonged mild food restriction results in relapse to drug abuse. Here, reinstatement of extinguished heroin-seeking behavior was assessed in rats under extinction conditions. Ten, but not 7, days of food restriction (∼80% of sated body ...
Barrangou Rodolphe - - 2011
Bacteria have been widely used as starter cultures in the food industry, notably for the fermentation of milk into dairy products such as cheese and yogurt. Lactic acid bacteria used in food manufacturing, such as lactobacilli, lactococci, streptococci, Leuconostoc, pediococci, and bifidobacteria, are selectively formulated based on functional characteristics that ...
Levy Ofir - - 2011
Abstract We studied the effect of food supplementation during summer and winter in seminatural field conditions on thermoregulation of a desert rodent, the golden spiny mouse Acomys russatus. We hypothesized that (a) under natural food availability (control conditions), mice will use less precise thermoregulation (i.e., an increase in the variance ...
Gaschen Frédéric P - - 2011
Adverse food reactions (AFR) are a common problem that may cause cutaneous and/or gastrointestinal signs in dogs and cats. They comprise food intolerance, food intoxication, and food allergy. Response to a dietary elimination trial and recurrence of signs during dietary provocation remain the centerpiece of diagnosis and management of dogs ...
Alfirević Marjetka - - 2011
Nonylphenols (NP) possess estrogenic activities and may cause increased risk of cancerous and reproductive abnormalities in several living organisms. Despite their harmful nature, NPs are used as additives in food packaging material, especially plastic, which is the main food contact material in today's packaging landscape. According to the fact that ...
Stewart Jessica E - - 2011
The inability of humans to adequately regulate fat consumption is a salient contributor to the development of obesity. The macronutrients, fat, protein and carbohydrate, within foods are detected at various stages of consumption, during which their digestive products, fatty acids, amino acids, and sugars, interact with chemosensory cells within the ...
Trudel David - - 2011
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) have been widely used as flame retardants in textiles, polyurethane foams, and plastics. PBDEs exert toxic effects in various organisms, including humans, and are ubiquitous in the outdoor and indoor environment. Here we estimate total daily PBDE doses received by consumers in North America and Europe, ...
Moser Michael - - 2011
We investigated the effect of pH on the competition of two closely related chrysomonad species, Poterioochromonas malhamensis originating from circumneutral Lake Constance, and Ochromonas sp. isolated from a highly acidic mining lake in Austria (pH ∼2.6). We performed pairwise growth experiments between these two species at four different pH ranging ...
Pourtau Line - - 2011
Lack of compensatory or even reduced food intake is frequently observed in weight-losing cancer patients and contributes to increased morbidity and mortality. Our previous work has shown increased transcription factor expression in the hypothalamus and ventral striatum of anorectic rats bearing small tumors. mRNA expression of molecules known to be ...
Stengel Andreas - - 2011
The aim of this study was to investigate the central actions of the stable pansomatostatin peptide agonist, ODT8-SST on body weight. ODT8-SST or vehicle was acutely (1μg/rat) injected or chronically infused (5μg/rat/d, 14d) intracerebroventricularly and daily food intake, body weight and composition were monitored. In lean rats, neither acute nor ...
Shi Shuobo - - 2011
As the demand for biofuels for transportation is increasing, it is necessary to develop technologies that will allow for low-cost production of biodiesel. Conventional biodiesel is mainly produced from vegetable oil by chemical transesterification. This production, however, has relatively low land-yield and is competing for agricultural land that can be ...
Boyle Christina N - - 2011
Obesity develops despite a complex and seemingly well orchestrated network that controls eating, energy expenditure and ultimately body weight; many of the involved signals are derived from the gastrointestinal tract. It is assumed that this network as an entity aims at maintaining body weight and body adiposity at a relatively ...
Anker Justin J JJ Department of Psychiatry, University of Minnesota, MMC 392, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA. - - 2011
Research suggests that age and sex are vulnerability factors for drug abuse. However, few studies have systematically examined their interaction. The purpose of the present study was to examine male and female, adult and adolescent rats under a procedure that measures responding during periods of signaled availability and nonavailability of ...
Ratnovsky Yevgeniya - - 2011
Activity-based anorexia (ABA) occurs when there is limited access to food and an opportunity to engage in high levels of physical activity. While the ABA effect is well established, the distinct functions of exercise and food restriction in maintaining ABA have not been determined. The current study examined the effect ...
Nagata E - - 2011
Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is associated with a substantially greater incidence of metabolic syndrome in adulthood. Animal studies have shown that IUGR offspring are hyperphagic during the early postnatal period and therefore exhibit obesity. The molecular mechanisms underlying food intake regulation in the gastrointestinal tract have not been clarified in ...
Carnicer Jofre - - 2011
Climate change is progressively increasing severe drought events in the Northern Hemisphere, causing regional tree die-off events and contributing to the global reduction of the carbon sink efficiency of forests. There is a critical lack of integrated community-wide assessments of drought-induced responses in forests at the macroecological scale, including defoliation, ...
Carrera Olaia - - 2011
This study examined the effect of 24 hr per day wheel access on running, body weight, and food intake for 30- or 50-day-old male and female rats under ad lib feeding conditions. Food intake and body weight were also monitored in a control group housed without access to running wheels. A ...
Burri Betty J - - 2011
β-Carotene (BC), β-cryptoxanthin (CX) and α-carotene (AC) are common carotenoids that form retinol. The amount of retinol (vitamin A) formed from carotenoid-rich foods should depend chiefly on the bioavailability (absorption and circulation time in the body) of carotenoids from their major food sources and the selectivity and reactivity of carotene ...
Kwon G Y - - 2011
The sensory characteristics and consumer acceptability of beef soup samples containing 9 types of glutathione Maillard reaction products (GMRPs) were investigated to examine the effects of the GMRPs produced under different reaction conditions on the flavor of the beef soup. The sensory characteristics of the beef stocks were examined using ...
Martens Maria - - 2011
The botanical relation between grass and cereal grains may be relevant when diagnosing food allergy to cereals. The aim was to investigate the diagnostic specificity of skin prick test (SPT) and specific immunoglobulin E (sIgE) tests to cereals and peanut in grass pollen allergic subjects without history of, and clinically ...
Gong HanLin - - 2011
Da-Cheng-Qi decoction (DCQD), a traditional Chinese medicine preparation used to treat digestive diseases, is composed of dahuang (Rheum officinale Baill, Polygonaceae), houpu (Magnolia officinalis Rehd., Magnoliaceae), zhishi (Citrus aurantium L, Rutaceae) and mangxiao (sodium sulphate). Rhein and emodin are the major active components of Rheum officinale Baill. To investigate the ...
Hayasaka Naoto - - 2011
Regulators of G protein signaling (RGS) are a multi-functional protein family, which functions in part as GTPase-activating proteins (GAPs) of G protein α-subunits to terminate G protein signaling. Previous studies have demonstrated that the Rgs16 transcripts exhibit robust circadian rhythms both in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN), the master circadian light-entrainable ...
Mazur James E - - 2011
Parallel experiments with rats and pigeons examined reasons for previous findings that in choices with probabilistic delayed reinforcers, rats' choices were affected by the time between trials whereas pigeons' choices were not. In both experiments, the animals chose between a standard alternative and an adjusting alternative. A choice of the ...
Stella Judi L JL Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, - - 2011
To compare sickness behaviors (SB) in response to unusual external events (UEE) in healthy cats with those of cats with feline interstitial cystitis (FIC). Prospective observational study. 12 healthy cats and 20 donated cats with FIC. Cats were housed in a vivarium. Sickness behaviors referable to the gastrointestinal and urinary ...
Steinman Michael Q - - 2011
Food restriction has been reported to have positive effects on cognition. This study examines how another environmental factor, daylength, can alter the impact of food restriction on the brain and behavior. Female California mice (Peromyscus californicus), housed on either long days (16 h of light and 8 h of darkness) or short ...
Yan Xiaodan X Laboratory for Higher Brain Function, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, - - 2011
Regulation of food intake is very important for health. It has been reported that people have decreased appetite at high altitude (HA). The current study recruited long-term HA residents to participate in an fMRI experiment which involved food craving. Result shows that the HA group showed decreased activation in the ...
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