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Basavanna Uma - - 2013
Clostridium botulinum is a pathogen of concern for low-acid canned foods. Here we report draft genomes of a neurotoxin-producing C. botulinum strain isolated from water samples used for cooling low-acid canned foods at a canning facility. The genome sequence confirmed that this strain belonged to C. botulinum serotype B1, albeit with major ...
Harada Seiya - - 2013
More than 27 outbreaks per year of food poisoning caused by consuming horse meat were reported in Kumamoto Prefecture (including Kumamoto City) from January 2009 to September 2011. It was found that the causative agent of the outbreaks was a protein with a molecular weight of 15 kDa that had ...
Pitts Stephanie B Jilcott - - 2013
We examined the feasibility of increasing access to healthful food in corner stores to inform a Communities Putting Prevention to Work (CPPW) initiative by engaging stakeholders (corner store owners and customers) in a formative evaluation. Qualitative interviews were conducted with corner store owners and managers (n = 11). Customer intercept ...
Grigsby-Toussaint Diana S - - 2013
Although efforts are underway to examine marketing that targets the youth and families in the retail food store environment, few studies have specifically focused on stores that families identify as their primary sites for food shopping. Between November 2011 and April 2012, we examined the frequency and types of marketing ...
Sousdaleff Mirian - - 2012
Stability of potassium norbixinate and curcumin by microencapsulation with maltodextrin DE20 and freeze-drying was evaluated as a function of exposition to light, air, different pH, water solubility and in food applications. The best results were obtained with microencapsulated potassium norbixinate 1:20, which, when vacuum-packed and in the presence of natural ...
Brown Laura Green - - 2012
Improper food cooling practices are a significant cause of foodborne illness, yet little is known about restaurant food cooling practices. This study was conducted to examine food cooling practices in restaurants. Specifically, the study assesses the frequency with which restaurants meet U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recommendations aimed at ...
Dinakar Chitra - - 2012
Anaphylaxis is a severe allergic reaction that is rapid in onset and may cause death. Since it is unpredictable and potentially fatal, prompt recognition and treatment are vital to maximize a positive outcome. The occurrence of anaphylaxis is increasing across all ages in the United States, with increased risk of ...
Cirillo Teresa - - 2012
Ready-to-eat meals packed in polyethylene terephthalate (PET) and aluminium dishes, supplied to patients in two hospitals in the Campania region (Italy), were studied to evaluate the probable migration of di-n-butylphthalate (DBP) and di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP) from the packaging into the food. The influence of temperature, storage time and type of package ...
Phipps Etienne J EJ Center for Urban Health Policy and Research, Einstein Healthcare Network, Philadelphia, PA 19141, USA. - - 2013
To report the design and baseline results of a rewards-based incentive to promote purchase of fruit and vegetables by lower-income households. A four-phase randomized trial with wait-listed controls. In a pilot study, despite inadequate study coupon use, purchases of fresh fruit (but not vegetables) increased, but with little maintenance. In ...
- - 2012
On the cover: SEM micrograph of freeze-dried maltodextrin system prefrozen at -80 °C prior to freeze-drying, from "Porosity and Water Activity Effects on Stability of Crystalline β-carotene in Freeze-dried Solids" by Nathdanai Harnkarnsujarit, Sanguansri Charoenrein, and Yrjö H. Roos. The authors acknowledge Dr. Mark Auty, Moorepark Food Research Centre, Teagasc, ...
Li Lin - - 2012
Inhibition of Clostridium perfringens spore germination and outgrowth in reduced sodium roast beef by a blend of buffered lemon juice concentrate and vinegar (MoStatin LV1) during abusive exponential cooling was evaluated. Roast beef containing salt (NaCl; 1%, 1.5%, or 2%, w/w), blend of sodium pyro- and poly-phosphates (0.3%), and MoStatin ...
Ehsani Ali - - 2012
  The biogenic amines (tyramine, histamine, cadaverine, and puterscine) and microbiological properties (mesophilic, psychrotrophic, and Pseudomonas spp.) of whole pike-perch (Sander lucioperca) was investigated during 2 d prestorage icing and 90 d frozen storage (-24 °C). At the end of ice storage, a noticeable increase only was found for puterscine ...
Klu Yaa Asantewaa Kafui - - 2012
  Mortality resulting from diarrhea especially that occurs in children younger than 5 y of age ranks 3rd among all deaths caused by infectious diseases worldwide. Probiotics such as Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG are clinically shown to effectively reduce the incidence of diarrhea in children. A food substrate is one of ...
Zenk Shannon N - - 2012
With nearly 49,000 authorized retailers nationwide, a policy change that added fruits and vegetables (FV) to the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) food packages in 2009 had the potential to expand neighborhood FV availability. This study examined changes in availability and ...
Aberoumand Ali - - 2012
Processing made fish less susceptible to spoilage. Fish are rich in protein content but the protein content is reduced with processing gave a better result when long-time preservation was carried out. Aim of this study was comparison of proximate analysis of some fresh and processed seafoods. Raw materials and processed ...
Lattab Nadia - - 2012
Fungal conidia are disseminated, often in the air, for a certain period of time, prior to contaminating food products. The objective of this study was to examine the effects of the relative humidity, RH (%), time (day), and temperature (°C) during this period of time, called "storage", on the germination ...
Brandsma S R - - 2012
The existence of animal strains of norovirus (NV) that are closely related to human strains raises concerns about interspecies recombination and the potential for zoonotic transmission through undercooked meat products. Contamination of meat with NV can occur both via meat processing operations and poor food handler hygiene. There is a ...
Czarnowska Marta - - 2012
Folates (B vitamins) are essential for the proper function of many bodily processes. Although a rich natural source are vegetables, the literature lacks data on the effect of the pre-treatment and freezing technologies used in vegetable processing and frozen storage time on the folate content in these materials. Moreover, since ...
Crowley Sarah - - 2012
AIMS: To compare the technological robustness of two antifungal Lactobacillus plantarum isolates and to assess their ability to inhibit growth of the spoilage yeast Rhodotorula mucilaginosa in two different refrigerated foods. METHODS AND RESULTS: The effects of freeze drying, thermal treatments and varying salt concentrations on the viability of two ...
Pickert C N - - 2012
BACKGROUND: After consumption of fruits, nuts, and vegetables, several patients with pollen allergy experience gastrointestinal (GI) tract symptoms that are possibly caused by pollen-associated food allergy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the colonoscopic allergen provocation (COLAP) test using the recombinant birch pollen allergen Bet v 1 (rBet ...
Caetano Ana Célia AC Ana Célia Caetano, Raquel Gonçalves, Carla Rolanda, Department of Gastroenterology, Braga Hospital, 4710243 Braga, Portugal. - - 2012
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EE) is the most frequent condition found in a group of gastrointestinal disorders called eosinophilic gastrointestinal diseases. The hypothetical pathophysiological mechanism is related to a hypersensitivity reaction. Gastroesophageal reflux disease-like complaints not ameliorated by acid blockade or occasional symptoms of dysphagia or food impaction are likely presentations of ...
Mehl A - - 2012
The measurement of specific serum immunoglobulin E (sIgE) and the skin prick test (SPT) are accepted tools in the diagnostic work-up of suspected food allergy. Often only one of the methods is used to determine sensitization; however, it is still under debate whether these two methods can be used interchangeably. ...
Sopo S Miceli - - 2012
Food Protein-Induced Enterocolitis Syndrome (FPIES) is a non-IgE-mediated paediatric disorder triggered by the ingestion of specific food proteins. Many features of this syndrome are not yet well defined. The aim of our study was to describe demographic features, causative agents, clinical features, treatments and outcomes of children suffering from acute ...
Van den Eynde Frederique - - 2012
In two studies, we examined trait and state food craving levels in people with a bulimic disorder (BD) (bulimia nervosa and related disorders) and healthy controls (HC) using multidimensional self-report assessments. In study 1, trait food craving was assessed in 70 people with a BD and 69 HC using the ...
- - 2012
Foreign object ingestion is a common reason for visiting an emergency department (ED), particularly for children. In recent years, internal injuries have been reported following unintentional ingestions of wire grill-cleaning brush bristles by both children and adults. A series of six cases from a single hospital system with two EDs ...
Meule Adrian - - 2012
Converging research suggests phenomenological and neurobiological similarities between excessive food consumption and addictive behaviour in substance dependence. Recently, the Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS) has been proposed for the assessment of addictive eating behaviour. The German version of the YFAS was administered to obese individuals seeking bariatric surgery (N = 96). Factor ...
Schlaich Clara - - 2012
Ciguatera fish poisoning is a travel-related illness characterized by a combination of gastrointestinal and neurological symptoms in persons who eat ciguatoxic seafood in endemic areas. In 2009, an outbreak of the disease on a refrigerator vessel in the port of Hamburg was investigated. The ship's crew fell ill after they ...
Udgaonkar U S - - 2012
Purpose: Intestinal myiasis is a condition when the fly larvae inhabit the gastrointestinal tract and are passed out in faeces. This type of infestation results when eggs or larvae of the fly, deposited on food are inadvertently taken by man. They survive the unfavourable conditions within the gastrointestinal tract and ...
Arnold L Eugene - - 2012
The effect of artificial food colors (AFCs) on child behavior has been studied for more than 35 years, with accumulating evidence from imperfect studies. This article summarizes the history of this controversial topic and testimony to the 2011 Food and Drug Administration Food Advisory Committee convened to evaluate the current status ...
- - 2012
In April 2010, Dallas County Health and Human Services (DCHHS) staff members investigated reports of acute-onset dizziness among patrons in a local restaurant. Symptoms, which included fainting resulting from low blood pressure, occurred within minutes of consuming food from the restaurant and were consistent with chemical poisoning. Toxicologic and epidemiologic ...
Tack Jan - - 2012
Chronic diarrhea is a frequent and challenging problem in clinical medicine. In a considerable subgroup of these, no underlying cause is identified and this is referred to as functional diarrhea. A consensus definition for functional diarrhea is based on loose stool consistency and chronicity and absence of coexisting irritable bowel ...
Roger-Leroi V - - 2012
The aim of this work was to substantiate artificial saliva prepared for use in a masticator apparatus. Mastication's goal is to produce a viscous and plastic food bolus where these properties authorize a safe swallow. Apart from its biochemical contribution, saliva is mainly used in this kind of apparatus to ...
Boucher Beatrice A - - 2012
Phytoestrogens are found in foods such as soy (isoflavones) and flaxseed (lignans), and certain botanical supplements. Their role in estrogen receptor positive (ER+) breast cancer recurrence and treatment is controversial, and it is unknown how this affects intake among patients. The Ontario Cancer Registry was used to identify 417 population-based ...
Dalal Ilan - - 2012
The number of reports regarding sesame seed food allergy (SFA) has increased significantly worldwide over the past two decades, either due to a genuine increase in SFA or merely an increase in its awareness. Its prevalence is difficult to estimate due to the lack of well designed prospective population-based studies. ...
Hunter Buskey Robin - - 2012
The prevalence of food allergies in the inmate population is a relatively unknown and perhaps underreported health issue. An inmate with an undetected food allergy is at risk for anaphylaxis or less serious complications and is becoming an increasing concern to correctional facilities. Allergic responses to foods cause many symptoms, ...
Tsabouri Sophia - - 2012
To cite this article: Tsabouri S, Triga M, Makris M, Kalogeromitros D, Church MK, Priftis KN. Fish and shellfish allergy in children: Review of a persistent food allergy. Pediatric Allergy Immunol 2012: 00. ABSTRACT: The increased consumption of fish and shellfish has resulted in more frequent reports of adverse reactions ...
Chooi E Y - - 2012
Introduction: We aimed to examine the turnover of chronic atrophic gastritis (CAG) pathologically and endoscopically and explore its potential causes. Methods: A retrospective analysis was conducted of prospective data collected from 1,592 patients who underwent gastroscopy three times or more during the period 1985-2009 at Renji Hospital, Shanghai, China. Pathological ...
Fratamico Pina M - - 2012
  Dry ice is used by meat and poultry processors for temperature reduction during processing and for temperature maintenance during transportation. ALIGAL™ Blue Ice (ABI), which combines the antimicrobial effect of ozone (O(3)) along with the high cooling capacity of dry ice, was investigated for its effect on bacterial reduction ...
Forss Nina - - 2012
Botulism is a muscle-paralyzing disease caused by neurotoxins (types A-G) produced by the bacteria Clostridium botulinum. Symptoms of food-borne botulism most commonly appear 12-36 h after eating contaminated food, but the earliest neurological symptoms may in some cases start abruptly. Here, we report the cases of two patients with food-borne ...
Wu Tzee-Chung - - 2012
Aim:  Food allergy is common in children and adults, and could be potentially fatal in minor group. It's important for physicians to identify the prevalence of food allergies and to recognize common food allergens to make precise diagnosis and choose correct therapeutic approaches. Methods:  We used a nationwide, cross-sectional, random ...
Lehtihet M - - 2012
Reproducible and accurate assessment of serum testosterone (S-T), S-LH and S-SHBG is of crucial importance for assessment of testicular endocrine function and diagnosis of hypogonadism and investigating male health in a broader sense. Testosterone secretion has a circadian rhythm with the highest component in the morning and is influenced by ...
Luccioli Stefano - - 2012
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review information in food allergy guidelines and the literature on assessing and understanding food allergic reaction risks. RECENT FINDINGS: Current food allergy guidelines have focused on tools for better diagnosis of food allergy and treatment of reactions. These guidelines have not addressed the growing body of ...
Havelaar Arie H - - 2012
To inform risk management decisions on control, prevention and surveillance of foodborne disease, the disease burden of foodborne pathogens is estimated using Disability Adjusted Life Years as a summary metric of public health. Fourteen pathogens that can be transmitted by food are included in the study (four infectious bacteria, three ...
Ching Kathryn H KH United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Western Regional Research Center, 800 Buchanan St., Rm. 2124, Albany, CA 94710, - - 2012
Botulinum neurotoxins (BoNT) are the most potent toxins known. Produced by Clostridium botulinum, BoNTs are classified into seven, antigenically distinct serotypes, designated A-G. The toxin acts to inhibit acetylcholine release, resulting in paralysis and death. Naturally occurring foodborne disease is most often the result of improper canning of foods, while ...
Asero R - - 2012
Kiwi allergy is frequent and can be the result of sensitization to a number of allergens showing different physicochemical characteristics. Component-resolved diagnosis of kiwi allergy is still unavailable in routine clinical practice. To investigate whether component resolved-diagnosis of kiwi allergy can be, at least in part, carried out by a ...
Taylor John - - 2012
Salmonella Chester infection has rarely been reported in the literature. In 2010, 33 case patients were reported in 2 months in four Canadian provinces. We conducted an outbreak investigation in collaboration with public health agencies, food safety specialists, regulatory agencies, grocery store chains, and the product distributor. We used case ...
Rutkowski Krzysztof - - 2012
Anaphylaxis is a severe, potentially fatal, hypersensitivity reaction of rapid onset. It may trigger life-threatening cardiopulmonary compromise, often with skin and mucosal changes such as urticaria and angioedema. The prevalence of anaphylaxis is increasing and the number of cases of fatal anaphylaxis appears to be rising. Food, insect stings, and ...
Lin Jing - - 2012
Peanut allergy is relatively common, typically permanent, and often severe. Double-blind, placebo-controlled food challenge is considered the gold standard for the diagnosis of food allergy-related disorders. However, the complexity and potential of double-blind, placebo-controlled food challenge to cause life-threatening allergic reactions affects its clinical application. A laboratory test that could ...
Gardeitchik Thatjana - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To characterize dietary habits and eating patterns in patients with a urea cycle disorder (UCD), and to identify dietary habits that may serve as clues to lead to earlier diagnosis of these disorders. STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective study of clinical and dietary data from hospital records of ...
Calciati Eugenio - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Campylobacter outbreaks are less common and described than sporadic Campylobacteriosis. METHODS: We describe the epidemiological investigation including stool examination and bacteriological typing of a Campylobacter outbreak affecting 75 primary school children. RESULTS: The highest risk ratio was associated with the food served 4 days before the peak of cases, ...
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