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Samapundo S S Laboratory of Food Microbiology and Food Preservation, Department of Food Safety and Food Quality, Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Ghent University, Member of Food2Know, Coupure Links 653, 9000 Gent, Belgium. Electronic address: - - 2014
The major objectives of this study were to determine the incidence of psychrotolerant spore formers from REPFEDS marketed in Belgium, and their diversity and characteristics. Spore formers in general were found as spores on 38.3% of the food samples and in 85% food products types evaluated. 76% of the food ...
Tennant David R DR Food Chemical Risk Analysis,14 St Mary's Square,BrightonBN2 - - 2014
Fruit and vegetables make an important contribution to health, partly due to the composition of phytonutrients, such as carotenoids and polyphenols. The aim of the present study was to quantify the intake of fruit and vegetables across different European countries using food consumption data of increasing complexity: food balance sheets ...
Kim Sonia A - - 2014
Background: Eating more fruits and vegetables adds underconsumed nutrients to diets, reduces the risks for leading causes of illness and death, and helps manage body weight. This report describes trends in the contributions of fruits and vegetables to the diets of children aged 2-18 years. Methods: CDC analyzed 1 day ...
Fiocchi Alessandro A Division of Allergy and - - 2014
Hereditary fructose intolerance (HFI) symptoms develop at first introduction of fruit during weaning. We report on an infant with suspected HFI who presented with repeated episodes of vomiting and hypotension after ingestion of fruit-containing meals. The first episode occurred at age 4 months. Despite negative genetic testing for HFI, strict ...
Lee Jungmin J United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Horticultural Crops Research Unit Worksite, Parma, ID 83660, USA. Electronic address: - - 2015
It is unclear how the misunderstanding that Rubus fruits (e.g., blackberries, raspberries) are high in sugar alcohol began, or when it started circulating in the United States. In reality, they contain little sugar alcohol. Numerous research groups have reported zero detectable amounts of sugar alcohol in fully ripe Rubus fruit, ...
Wansink B B Marketing at the Dyson School of Applied Economics and Management at Cornell - - 2014
Many eating studies in psychology, consumer behavior, and marketing journals are dismissed because they focus on how much one serves and not how much is eaten. We develop a means of estimating the percentage of self-served food that is consumed under various conditions. An aggregate analysis was conducted of studies ...
Stefani Massimo M Department of Experimental and Clinical Biomedical Sciences "Mario Serio,", University of Florence, Florence, Italy; Research Centre on the Molecular Basis of Neurodegeneration, University of Florence, Florence, - - 2014
Mediterranean and Asian diets are currently considered as the most healthy traditional feeding habits effective against risk of age-associated, particularly cardiovascular and neurodegenerative, diseases. A common feature of these two regimens is the abundance of foods and beverages of plant origin (green tea, extra virgin olive oil, red wine, spices, ...
Houle Alain A Department of Human Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, - - 2014
Competing successfully for the best feeding sites is an important behavioral strategy but little is known about how feeding sites vary nutritionally within a fruit tree. To answer this question we tested how the nutritional value of a fruit is influenced by its ripeness and its height within the tree ...
Andreyeva Tatiana T Rudd Center for Food Policy and Obesity, Yale University, 309 Edwards Street, New Haven, CT 06520-8369, - - 2014
In 2009, the US Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) began to provide participants with cash-value vouchers to purchase fruits and vegetables ($US 10 for women and $US 6 for children per month). The present paper assesses the potential effects of the new WIC incentives on ...
Susan L Johnson LJ The Department of Pediatrics, Section of Nutrition, University of Colorado-Denver Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, CO. Electronic address: - - 2014
Theorists posit that food reward is a powerful determinant of intake, yet little is known regarding how individuals' hedonic ratings of a variety of foods inter-relate and how hedonic ratings correspond to habitual dietary intake. Participant ratings of food appeal of 104 food images were collected while participants were in ...
Atkinson Angus A Plymouth Marine Laboratory, Prospect Place, The Hoe, Plymouth, PL13DH, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
'Wasp-waist' systems are dominated by a mid trophic-level species that is thought to exert top-down control on its food and bottom-up control on its predators. Sardines, anchovy, and Antarctic krill are suggested examples, and here we use locusts to explore whether the wasp-waist concept also applies on land. These examples ...
Scheun Juan J Mammal Research Institute, Department of Zoology and Entomology, Faculty of Natural and Agricultural Sciences, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, 0028, South - - 2014
The African lesser bushbaby, Galago moholi, is described as a food specialist, feeding exclusively on small arthropods and gum primarily from Acacia karroo trees. We studied a population of G. moholi in a highly fragmented habitat in the southernmost part of its natural distributional range in South Africa. In this ...
Blanke Michael M MM INRES - Horticultural Science, University of Bonn, Auf dem Huegel 6, Bonn, Germany, - - 2014
Excessive waste along the food supply chain of 71 (UK, Netherlands) - 82 (Germany) kg/head/year sparked off wide criticism of the agricultural food business and provides a great challenge and task for all its players and stakeholders. Origins of this food waste include private households, restaurants and canteens as well ...
Kim Jinhee J Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Ajou University School of Medicine, 164 World cup-ro, Youngtong-gu, Suwon 443-380, Suwon, Republic of - - 2014
several studies have found nutrients, including antioxidants, to be associated with sarcopenia. However, whether specific foods, such as vegetables and fruits, are associated with sarcopenia has not been studied.Objective: to examine the association of the frequency of vegetables and fruits consumption with sarcopenia in older people. this study used cross-sectional ...
Xue Jia - - 2014
Delivery systems of lipophilic antimicrobials like thymol prepared with generally-recognized-as-safe ingredients are needed to enhance the microbiological safety of low-acid (pH > 4.6) foods. Nanodispersions with particle diameters below 100 nm are particularly demanded because of the low turbidity and physical stability. In this study, thymol dispersions were prepared by ...
Aggarwal Anju A Anju Aggarwal and Adam Drewnowski are with the Center for Public Health Nutrition, School of Public Health, University of Washington, Seattle. Andrea J. Cook is with the Biostatistics Unit, Group Health Research Institute, Seattle, WA. Junfeng Jiao is with the Department of Urban Planning, Ball State University, Muncie, IN. Rebecca A. Seguin is with the Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY. Anne Vernez Moudon and Philip M. Hurvitz are with the Department of Urban Design and Planning, College of Built Environments, University of - - 2014
We examined whether supermarket choice, conceptualized as a proxy for underlying personal factors, would better predict access to supermarkets and fruit and vegetable consumption than mere physical proximity. The Seattle Obesity Study geocoded respondents' home addresses and locations of their primary supermarkets. Primary supermarkets were stratified into low, medium, and ...
Sowbhagya H B - - 2014
Celery is a commercially important seed spice belonging to the family Umbelliferrae. Celery is used in various forms such as fresh herb, stalk, seeds, oil, and oleoresin for flavoring of foods and for medicinal purposes. Celery seed contains 2% volatile oil that finds application for flavoring of foods and also ...
Durisko Zachary Z Animal Behaviour Group, Department of Psychology, Neuroscience & Behaviour, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada; Social Aetiology of Mental Illness (SAMI) CIHR Training Program, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
We quantified the extent and dynamics of social interactions among fruit fly larvae over time. Both a wild-type laboratory population and a recently-caught strain of larvae spontaneously formed social foraging groups. Levels of aggregation initially increased during larval development and then declined with the wandering stage before pupation. We show ...
Benoit-Bird Kelly J KJ College of Oceanic and Atmospheric Sciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon, United States of - - 2014
To measure organismal coherence in a pelagic ecosystem, we used moored sensors to describe the vertical dynamics of each step in the food chain in shelf waters off the west shore of Oahu, Hawaii. Horizontally extensive, intense aggregations of phytoplankton, zooplankton, and micronekton exhibited strong diel patterns in abundance and ...
Wang Yashan Y College of Food Science and Engineering, Northwest A&F University, Yangling 712100, Shaanxi, - - 2013
Existence of endotoxin in food and injection products indicates bacterial contaminations and therefore poses threat to human health. Herein, a simple and rapid colorimetric method for the effective detection of endotoxin in food and injections based on counterion-mediated gold nanorods aggregation is first proposed. By taking advantage of the color ...
Gardiner Breeana B Monash University, Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Level 1, 264 Ferntree Gully Road, Notting Hill, Vic. 3168, - - 2013
Issue addressed The aim of this evaluation was to explore the quality, barriers, enablers and outcomes of a retail fresh fruit and vegetable initiative in rural communities identified to have poor geographic access to healthy food. Methods A qualitative evaluation using in-depth interviews was conducted with rural store retailers across ...
Grimm Kirsten A - - 2013
According to the Dietary Guidelines for Americans, persons in the United States aged ≥2 years should increase their intake of certain nutrient-rich foods, including fruits and vegetables. Fruits and vegetables contribute important nutrients that are underconsumed in the United States. Higher intake of fruits and vegetables might reduce the risk ...
Roulias A - - 2013
Birch pollen allergies are frequently associated with adverse reactions to various fruits, nuts, or vegetables, described as pollen-food syndrome (PFS) and caused by cross-reactive IgE antibodies primarily directed against Bet v 1. Specific immunotherapy (SIT) represents an effective treatment for inhalant allergies; however, successful birch pollen SIT does not correlate ...
Adams Catherine - - 2013
In this study, participants (N = 223) were randomised to visualise snacking on fruit, visualise snacking on biscuit bars or no visualisation, and intentions and attitudes towards fruit and biscuit bars, immediate selection of fruit or biscuit bars and subsequent consumption were measured. No effects of visualising snacking on fruit ...
Bodor J Nicholas - - 2013
Nearly all research on the food environment and diet has not accounted for car ownership - a potential key modifying factor. This study examined the modifying effect of car ownership on the relationship between neighborhood fruit and vegetable availability and intake. Data on respondents' (n=760) fruit and vegetable intake, car ...
Brock Debra A - - 2013
Agricultural crops are investments that can be exploited by others. Farmer clones of the social amoeba Dictyostelium discoideum carry bacteria to seed out new food populations but they also carry other non-food bacteria such as Burkholderia spp. Here we demonstrate that these farmer-carried Burkholderia inhibit the growth of non-farmer D. ...
Franchini Bela - - 2013
Background: Fruit and vegetable intake is crucial in health promotion and disease prevention. Inadequate intake is found among adult populations worldwide. Aims: To assess fruit and vegetable intake among Portuguese mothers and to examine its association with sociodemographic determinants. Methods: A national cross-sectional survey was performed in Portugal as part ...
Sand Salomon - - 2013
A typical EFSA approach to assess dietary exposure is to combine data from national consumption surveys with chemical occurrence data that have been pooled across the EU Member States (pooled approach). This approach was compared to the case where occurrence data were stratified by country and used for food categories ...
Mak Tsz N - - 2013
Few studies have considered the combined effects of home-related determinants on children's diet. The present study investigated independent associations between sociodemographic and food practice (SFP) characteristics and fruit and vegetable consumption in UK children and the combined effects of SFP on consumption using pattern analysis. Diet was assessed using 4 ...
Flint Ellen - - 2013
The aim of this study is to investigate the extent to which perceptions of the quality, variety and affordability of local food retail provision predict fruit and vegetable intake. Secondary analysis of baseline data from the Philadelphia Neighbourhood Food Environment Study was undertaken. This study investigating the role of the ...
de Lauzon-Guillain Blandine B Centre for Research in Epidemiology and Population Health, Villejuif, France. - - 2013
Fruit and vegetable intake in children remains below recommendations in many countries. The long-term effects of early parental feeding practices on fruit and vegetable intake are not clearly established. The purpose of the current study was to examine whether early feeding practices influence later fruit and vegetable intake in preschool ...
Pechey Rachel R Behaviour and Health Research Unit, Institute of Public Health, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 0SR, - - 2013
Socioeconomic inequalities in diet-related health outcomes are well-recognised, but are not fully explained by observational studies of consumption. We provide a novel analysis to identify purchasing patterns more precisely, based on data for take-home food and beverage purchases from 25,674 British households in 2010. To examine socioeconomic differences (measured by ...
Liu Rui Hai - - 2013
There is strong scientific evidence suggesting that regular consumption of fruits and vegetables is negatively associated with risk of developing chronic diseases. The 2010 Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommend at least 9 servings of fruits and vegetables a day based on a 2000 kcal diet. However, the average person in ...
Shiozaki Nanami N Structural Biosciences, Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, - - 2013
ADF/cofilin is a highly conserved actin-modulating protein. Reorganization of the actin cytoskeleton in vivo through severing and depolymerizing of F-actin by this protein is essential for various cellular events, such as endocytosis, phagocytosis, cytokinesis, and cell migration. We show that in the ciliate Tetrahymena thermophila, the ADF/cofilin homologue Adf73p associates ...
Buyuktuncer Z - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Increasing fruit and vegetable consumption is a goal for the UK. Therefore, the effectiveness of a fruit and vegetable voucher scheme coupled with key 'five-a-day' consumption messages as a brief intervention in primary care consultations was assessed in the present study. METHODS: One thousand one hundred and eighty-eight vouchers ...
Ladd Antonio Mendoza - - 2013
: Nutcracker esophagus is an esophageal motility disorder characterized by the presence of hypertensive contraction waves. These waves can have very high amplitudes, but they maintain a peristaltic pattern and therefore, bolus passage is minimally affected. Esophageal food impactions are rare in nutcracker esophagus. Our patient was a previously asymptomatic ...
Blitz John H - - 2013
Bingham and Souza have presented an evolutionary theory that specifies a causal relationship between the advent of powerful projectile weapons such as the bow and radical rearrangements in social relations and histories. They propose that the acquisition of weapons that permitted humans to kill at ever-increasing distances provided the coercive ...
Liu Rui Hai RH Department of Food Science, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA. - - 2013
Regular consumption of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and other plant foods has been negatively correlated with the risk of the development of chronic diseases. There is a huge gap between the average consumption of fruits and vegetables in Americans and the amount recommended by the 2010 Dietary Guidelines for Americans. ...
Okabe Kimiko - - 2013
Although biodiversity in nature is of fundamental importance because it improves the sustainability of ecosystems, communities of microscopic organisms are generally excluded from conservation targets for biodiversity. Here, I hypothesize that mushroom mite species richness is correlated with both spatial (i.e., mushroom size) and temporal (i.e., longevity of fruiting bodies) ...
Kim Loan P - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: This study examined Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) participant use and satisfaction with jarred baby foods, assessed preference for cash value vouchers (CVVs) for fruits and vegetables vs jarred baby foods, and examined whether preferences varied among selected ethnic groups. METHODS: A survey of ...
Janmaat Karline R L - - 2013
Fruit foragers are known to use spatial memory to relocate fruit, yet it is unclear how they manage to find fruit in the first place. In this study, we investigated whether chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus) in the Taï National Park make use of fruiting synchrony, the simultaneous emergence of fruit ...
Mezzenga Raffaele - - 2013
The aggregation of proteins is of fundamental relevance in a number of daily phenomena, as important and diverse as blood coagulation, medical diseases, or cooking an egg in the kitchen. Colloidal food systems, in particular, are examples that have great significance for protein aggregation, not only for their importance and ...
Mensi Azza - - 2013
Vitamin A deficiency is one of the major causes of mortality and morbidity in the developing World. This deficiency can be prevented by alimentary or pharmaceutical supplementation. However, both vitamin A oxidation and isomerization should be prevented, as these phenomenons result in loss of nutritional efficacy. The aim of this ...
Jindal Supriya - - 2013
Non-enzymatic glycosylation (glycation) of casein is a process used not just to ameliorate the quality of dairy products but also to increase the shelf life of canned foods, including baby milk supplements. Incubation of κ-casein with reducing sugars for 15 days at physiological temperature showed the formation of a molten globule ...
Campos Bruno - - 2013
The extent to which different forms of nanoparticles of titanium dioxide (nano-TiO(2)) aggregated with microalgae, decreased food levels and hence impaired growth, reproduction and fitness of Daphnia magna individuals were studied. Treatments included three different types of nano-TiO(2) differing in their coating or crystalline structure but of similar primary size ...
Young Candace R - - 2013
We evaluated whether Philly Food Bucks, a bonus incentive program at farmers markets, is associated with increased fruit and vegetable consumption and Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) sales at farmers markets in low-income areas. A convenience sample of 662 customers at 22 farmers markets in low-income neighborhoods in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, ...
Sumonja Sanja - - 2013
Insufficient intake of fresh fruits, vegetables, and dairy products among children is a serious nutrition-related concern. The aim of our study was to determine behavioral and environmental factors that influence fruit, vegetable, and dairy consumption among Serbian schoolchildren. We used 24-hour recall to measure fruit, vegetable, and dairy intake of ...
Mayo Mariel Leah - - 2013
Zoning ordinances and land-use plans may influence the community food environment by determining placement and access to food outlets, which subsequently support or hinder residents' attempts to eat healthfully. The objective of this study was to examine associations between healthful food zoning scores as derived from information on local zoning ...
Folkvord Frans - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have focused on the effects of television advertising on the energy intake of children. However, the rapidly changing food-marketing landscape requires research to measure the effects of nontraditional forms of marketing on the health-related behaviors of children. OBJECTIVES: The main aim of this study was to examine ...
Houchins J A - - 2012
Background:The effects of fruits and vegetables in solid vs beverage forms on human appetite and food intake, acutely and chronically, are unclear.Methods:This 21-week, randomized, crossover study assessed appetitive ratings following the inclusion of fruits and vegetables, in solid and beverage form, into the habitual diet of healthy lean (n=15) and ...
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