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Ikeda Masato - - 2008
Supramolecular copolymer hydrogels were prepared by mixing 1 and the additives 2-8, and their rheological properties were evaluated. It was found that additive 3 reinforced the mechanical strength of the resultant hydrogel most efficiently, increasing the yield stress of SCH 1+3 about fourfold. The optimal mixing between the glyco-lipid hydrogelator ...
Asgatay Saâdia - - 2008
Using the analogue of TpT methylated at the 3'-end N3 position (Tpm3T), we demonstrate that when the oxetane/(6-4) pathway is precluded, water addition occurs at the 3'-end C6 position of the oxetane intermediate to provide its opening. Photoreversal of this (6-4) photoproduct C6 hydrate brings the first experimental evidence that ...
Kawamoto Tsunetaka - - 2008
Impetigo contagiosa staphylogenes is commonly treated by administering a combination of nadifloxacin and tetracycline ointments. However, it is not clear whether nadifloxacin and tetracycline are stable after mixing. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the stability of these agents in combination. We also evaluated changes in antibacterial activity ...
Jansook Phatsawee - - 2008
The natural gamma-cyclodextrin (gammaCD) is like linear water-soluble dextrins, and unlike the natural alpha- and beta-cyclodextrins (alphaCD and betaCD), digested by salivary and pancreatic amylase. This gives gammaCD a very favorable toxicological profile. However, its usage is hampered by its relatively low solubilizing effect and tendency to form turbid solutions. ...
Fukushima-Shintani Mari - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: AKR-501 (YM477) is an orally active thrombopoietin (TPO) receptor agonist that mimics the biological effect of TPO in vitro and in vivo. Here, we report that AKR-501 in combination with TPO has additive effect on megakaryocytopoiesis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor-mobilized human peripheral blood CD34+ cells were cultured ...
Niklison Chirou María - - 2008
Microcin J25, an antimicrobial lasso-structure peptide, induces the opening of mitochondrial permeability transition pores and the subsequent loss of cytochrome c. The microcin J25 effect is mediated by the stimulation of superoxide anion overproduction. An increased uptake of calcium is also involved in this process. Additional studies with superoxide dismutase, ...
Werner Michael - - 2008
Cleavage furrow formation in animal cells results from a local increase in cortical contractility. During anaphase, the spindle contains, in addition to astral arrays of microtubules, a set of bundled microtubules known as the central spindle. Each of these populations of microtubules, the astral arrays and the central spindle bundles, ...
Clayton Deborah A - - 2008
The main aim of this study was to determine the factors which influence caterers' hand hygiene practices using social cognitive theory. One hundred and fifteen food handlers from 29 catering businesses were observed carrying out 31,050 food preparation actions in their workplace. Caterers subsequently completed the Hand Hygiene Instrument (HHI), ...
Tsai T T - - 2009
The industrial solvent trichloroethylene (TCE) is among the most ubiquitous chlorinated solvents found in groundwater contamination. The main objectives of this study were to evaluate the feasibility of using non-ionic surfactant Simple Green (SG) to enhance the oxidative dechlorination of TCE by potassium permanganate (KMnO4) employing a continuous stir batch ...
Zhang Na - - 2008
In this paper, we report for the first time the successful synthesis of novel uniform La2(MoO4)3 dendritic single-crystalline nanostructures via a surfactant-assisted hydrothermal approach. The dendritic nanostructure is composed of trunks with length of several micrometers and plenty of side branches. Both of the trunks and the branches are composed ...
Noonan Gregory O - - 2008
Azodicarbonamide, an approved food additive, is commonly used as a flour additive and dough conditioner in the United States and Canada. A number of researchers have clearly established a link between the use of azodicarbonamide and semicarbazide contamination in commercial bread products. However, all of these studies have primarily focused ...
Wisner Douglas M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The claudins are tight junction (TJ) proteins. Claudin-2 has been found to negatively affect the TJ, causing a decrease in transepithelial resistance. Patients with inflammatory bowel disease have altered intestinal permeability, suggesting a TJ disruption. Interferon-gamma (IFNgamma) and interleukin-4 (IL-4) negatively regulate each other and may have opposing roles ...
Agerbirk Niels - - 2007
After ingestion of transgenic Arabidopsis thaliana CYP79A1 containing sinalbin (4-hydroxybenzylglucosinolate) due to genetic modification, only one major sinalbin-derived sulphate ester (the sulphate ester of 4-hydroxyphenylacetonitrile) was excreted by Pieris rapae caterpillars (corresponding to 69mol% of ingested sinalbin). An additional sulphate ester (the sulphate ester of 4-hydroxyphenylacetamide) was excreted when the ...
Mallick H N - - 2007
Glutamate is ubiquitous in nature and is present in all living organisms. It is the principal excitatory neurotransmitter in central nervous system. Glutamate is being used as food additive for enhancing flavour for over last 1200 years imparting a unique taste known as "umami" in Japanese. It is being marketed ...
van Meeuwen J A - - 2007
Humans are exposed to a variety of food-borne phytochemicals (PC) as well as synthetic chemicals (SC). Some of these compounds have been reported to have estrogenic or anti-estrogenic properties and are therefore suspected endocrine disruptors. Until now it remains unclear if non-additive effects occur in combinations with endogenous estrogens, such ...
Iyengar Venkatesh - - 2007
The association of physics and chemistry with metrology (the science of measurements) is well documented. For practical purposes, basic metrological measurements in physics are governed by two components, namely, the measure (i.e., the unit of measurement) and the measurand (i.e., the entity measured), which fully account for the integrity of ...
Kargus Robert - - 2007
Numerous studies document vibrations emanating from joints during active or passive motion. It has been proposed these vibrations, termed vibroarthrographic signals, are associated with changes in the shape or quality of tissues in and around the joint. Vibroarthrographic signals in articular joints have been tested to correlate a particular signal ...
Pan Y - - 2007
AIMS: To compare amidation and acylation of lactoferrin (LF) from bovine milk, as a means of enhancing its antimicrobial and antiviral properties. METHODS AND RESULTS: LF was chemically modified by amidation with a 1-ethyl-3-[3-(dimethylamino) propyl] carbodiimide (EDC) in the presence of ammonium ions or by acylation with either succinic or ...
Colman Matthew - - 2007
PURPOSE: Osteoarthritis of the trapeziometacarpal (TMC) joint of the thumb affects as many as 25% of postmenopausal women and 5% of middle-aged men. This study investigated the relative contribution of the dorsoradial ligament (DRL) and the deep anterior oblique ligament (dAOL) to the stability of the TMC joint. This knowledge ...
Chi Jie - - 2007
Influences of major nutrients (N, P) on the biodegradation and bioconcentration of dibutyl phthalate (DBP) and di-2-ethylexyl phthalate (DEHP) by Chlorella vulgaris in lake water were investigated in this work. Our study demonstrated that nutrient addition obviously influenced biodegradation rate constants and apparent bioconcentration factors (BCFs) of DBP and DEHP ...
Singh Neeta - - 2007
The aim of this study was to improve efficiency of the food aid distribution process of international food relief organizations. An overall objective of this study was to develop a prototype expert system for monitoring and evaluating food aid by international disaster relief organizations. The research identifies data related to ...
- - 2007
This report represents the conclusions of a Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee convened to evaluate the safety of various food additives, including flavouring agents, with a view to recommending acceptable daily intakes (ADIs) and to preparing specifications for identity and purity. The Committee also evaluated the risk posed by two food ...
Actis G C - - 2007
High aminotransferases and prolonged prothrombin time on entering our liver unit were revealing parenchymal collapse for this 45-year-old obese woman; treatment failure led her to death. Autoimmunity, paracetamol use, alcoholism, and Wilson's disease were all excluded as causes. Because of chronic asthma, she had been receiving a leukotriene receptor antagonist ...
Han Yu-Hong - - 2006
The M-superfamily with the typical Cys framework (-CC-C-C-CC-) is one of the seven major superfamilies of conotoxins found in the venom of cone snails. Based on the number of residues in the last Cys loop (between C4 and C5), M-superfamily conotoxins can be provisionally categorized into four branches (M-1, M-2, ...
Airapetian A - - 2006
The first measurements of double-hadron production in deep-inelastic scattering within the nuclear medium were made with the HERMES spectrometer at DESY HERA using a 27.6 GeV positron beam. By comparing data for deuterium, nitrogen, krypton, and xenon nuclei, the influence of the nuclear medium on the ratio of double-hadron to ...
Blom Judith F - - 2006
[structure: see text] Nostocarboline and seven derivatives were prepared and displayed minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) values >or=100 nM against the growth of Microcystis aeruginosa PCC 7806, Synechococcus PCC 6911, and Kirchneriella contorta SAG 11.81, probably via the inhibition of photosynthesis. The natural product hybrid nostocarboline/ciprofloxacin displayed additional antibacterial activity against ...
- - 2006
This report represents the conclusions of a Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee convened to evaluate the safety of various food contaminants, with the aim to advise on risk management options for the purpose of public health protection. The first part of the report contains a general discussion of the principles governing ...
Fernandes B S - - 2006
Benzene, toluene and xylene (BTX) are relatively soluble aromatic compounds of gasoline. Gasoline storage tank leakages generally lead to an extensive contamination of groundwater. In the natural environment for instance, these compounds might be biodegraded under a variety of reducing potentials. The objective of this work was to examine the ...
Lau Karen - - 2006
Exposure to non-nutritional food additives during the critical development window has been implicated in the induction and severity of behavioral disorders such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Although the use of single food additives at their regulated concentrations is believed to be relatively safe in terms of neuronal development, ...
Chung M-S - - 2005
This study was carried out to estimate the daily intakes (EDIs) of artificial sweeteners such as saccharin, stevioside, D-sorbitol and aspartame in order to evaluate the safety of the artificial sweeteners in Korea. A total of 274 food samples were selected from the foods considered to be representative sources of ...
Blackburn Karen - - 2005
In the absence of chemical-specific data, the threshold of toxicological concern (TTC) provides a method to determine a conservative estimate of a chronic oral exposure below which there is a very low probability of risk. The TTC approach was originally developed to support exposures to indirect food additives and was ...
Lima G - - 2005
Forty-nine compounds currently used as additives in foods were tested in combination with three biocontrol agents, the yeasts Rhodotorula glutinis, Cryptococcus laurentii, and the yeastlike fungus Aureobasidium pullulans, to increase their antagonistic activity against Penicillium expansum, the causal agent of blue mold on apples. Twelve additives dramatically improved the antagonistic ...
Badau M H - - 2006
Weaning food formulations were produced from pearl millet cultivar (SOSAT C-88), cowpea and groundnut in the ratio of 70:20:10 and 5 per cent malt from six pearl millet cultivars (SOSAT C-88, ZANGO, EX-BORNO, ICMV IS 94206, GWAGWA, GB 8735) and one sorghum cultivar (ICSV III) were added to produce seven ...
Murphy-Gutekunst Lisa - - 2005
To maintain normal serum phosphorus levels, dialysis patient education has emphasized adherence with phosphate binder prescription and low phosphorus diet. In addition to the standard advice to avoid dairy products and legumes, education also focused on lower phosphorus protein foods and beverages. To meet the public's demands for more high ...
- - 2005
This report represents the conclusions of a Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee convened to evaluate the safety of various food additives, with a view to recommending acceptable daily intakes (ADIs) and to prepare specifications for the identity and purity of food additives. The first part of the report contains a general ...
MacNeil James D - - 2005
The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the World Health Organization (WHO) recommended the evaluation of food additives at the international level through the establishment of an expert committee or committees. These committees evaluated the safety of food additives present as residues resulting from the use ...
Ozturk S - - 2005
Additives and preservatives in commercial foods have been implicated in the etiology of chronic urticaria, but such foods have not been widely accepted. In some countries, as in ours, people prefer to use home-made foodstuffs to avoid potentially hazardous commercial additives. However, not all home-made foodstuffs are safe, especially regarding ...
Tachihara Toru - - 2004
The aroma of spotted shrimp (Sergia lucence Hansen) was analyzed upon roasting to determine the components that constitute the characteristic roasted shrimp flavor. Our analyses resulted in the identification of ca. 200 volatiles, including high-impact sulfur and nitrogen compounds. In addition, we synthesized all possible stereoisomers of the pyrrolidine derivatives ...
Baker Nathan E - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the ability of endodontic irrigants and medicaments to eliminate Enterococcus faecalis from infected dentinal tubules, and whether their antimicrobial action was enhanced by surfactant. STUDY DESIGN: For the study, 5-mm dentin disks were sectioned from bovine incisor roots and infected with E faecalis. Lumens were instrumented, ...
Urdiain M - - 2004
Locust bean gum (E-410) and guar gum (E-412) are high molecular weight galactomannans used by the food industry as versatile food additives. The compounds, although chemically closely related, do not have the same functional properties when used in foods, and the substitution or unadvertised addition of either could change the ...
Pickering Travis Rayne - - 2004
The reconstructed taphonomic and paleoenvironmental contexts of a ca. 4 million-year-old partial hominid skeleton (Stw 573) from Sterkfontein Member 2 are described through presentation of the results of our analyses of the mammalian faunal assemblage associated stratigraphically with the hominid. The assemblage is dominated by cercopithecoids (Parapapio and Papio) and ...
Scotter M J - - 2004
This paper critically reviews the key literature on food additive-additive chemical interactions published over the last 30 years together with appropriate relevant information on food additive-food component interactions. Five main classes of food additive are included, reflecting the research effort to date: the sulfur (IV) species of preservatives, synthetic food ...
Little C L - - 2003
A meta-analysis of eight UK food studies was carried out to determine the microbiological quality of food and its relationship with the presence in food businesses of hazard analysis systems and food hygiene training. Of the 19,022 premises visited to collect food samples in these studies between 1997 and 2002, ...
Chakravarthi S - - 2003
A nutritious weaning food was developed using natural ingredients; namely, staple cereals and pulses, groundnut, Spirulina and gooseberry. The nutritive value of the developed weaning mix was found to be better than a commercial mix. The viscosity of the mixes was reduced by the addition of bacterial and fungal amylases. ...
Zhu Na - - 2003
A systematic study on the effect of additives on the isomerizability of 1-alkoxycarbonyl alkenylcopper(I) intermediates revealed that the lithium chelator 12-crown-4 is significantly more efficient than HMPA at retarding isomerization. On the other hand, 12-crown-4 alone is unable to promote effective coupling with alkyl halides. The combination of 12-crown-4 and ...
Luetzow Manfred - - 2003
The assessment of human exposure to chemicals present in the diet is a rapidly developing discipline. The formulation of the "risk analysis paradigm" by the Codex Alimentarius Commission in 1994 defined the exposure assessment as an essential step of the risk assessment process. This has re-enforced demands to those joint ...
Ishiwata Hajimu - - 2003
The mean concentration and daily intake of inorganic food additives (nitrite, nitrate, and sulfur dioxide), antioxidants (BHA and BHT), a processing agent (propylene glycol), and a sweetener (sodium saccharin) were estimated based on the results of an analysis of 34,489 food samples obtained in official inspections by 106 local governments ...
Stefanidou M - - 2003
Food additives are widely used for technological purposes and their presence is often substantial daily diet. They have also been accused forvarious toxic reactions in humans. The toxicity of the food color tartrazine, the preservatives sodium nitrate and sodium benzoate, and the antioxidant BHT, was studied using the protozoan Tetrahymenapyriformis ...
Au Edmund - - 2003
Olfactory ensheathing cells (OECs) continuously support the regeneration of olfactory receptor neurons (ORNs). In addition, OECs promote regeneration of neurons within the CNS in a number of transplantation paradigms, but details of exactly how they support regeneration remain elusive. The majority of studies using OECs to promote regeneration have thus ...
UradziƄski J - - 2003
This paper presents the legal regulations related to the use of food additives in meat production in Poland and the European Union. The Polish legal definition of food additives is given as well as the classification of permitted food additives added to food and stimulants by their technological function. In ...
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