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Zhou Qihai Q College of Life Sciences, Guangxi Normal University, Guilin, China; Key Laboratory of Animal Ecology and Conservation Biology, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, - - 2013
We collected data on habitat use and locomotion of the François' langur (Trachypithecus francoisi) between August 2003 and July 2004 at Nonggang Nature Reserve, China. A total of 739 h of behavioral data were collected during this study. We tested 2 predictions: (1) that the langurs may have special patterns ...
Nicklas Theresa - - 2012
In their recent commentary,(1) Wojcicki and Heyman suggested that 100% fruit juice consumption is linked to childhood obesity and should be eliminated from the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) Food Programs. This recommendation is unsupported by the scientific literature, which has failed to show an association between overweight and obesity ...
Weerahewa Jeevika - - 2012
Micronutrient deficiency has become a serious health concern in many countries and Sri Lanka is no exception. Inclusion of vegetables and fruits, which are rich in micronutrients, in the diet is considered as one of the most cost effective measures to alleviate such deficiencies. The purpose of this paper is ...
Troop Nicholas - - 2012
This study explored whether the effects of implementation intentions on increasing fruit and vegetable intake were moderated by dietary restraint. In total, 208 participants were randomly allocated to control or implementation intention conditions where they were asked to write down when, where and how they would increase their fruit and ...
Evans Charlotte E L - - 2012
To our knowledge, no reviews have assessed the impact of a range of multi- and single-component school-based programs on daily fruit and vegetable intake by using a meta-analysis. The aim of this study was to quantify the impact of school-based interventions on fruit and vegetable intake in children aged 5-12 ...
Sun Yan - - 2012
Obesity and overweight affect more than half of the US population and are associated with a number of diseases. Rimonabant, a cannabinoid receptor 1 blocker in the endocannabinoid (EC) system, was indicated in Europe for the treatment of obesity and overweight patients with associated risk factors but withdrawn on Jan, ...
Parab D N - - 2012
Papad is familiarly known as an Indian food adjunct or snack food. In this study, attempts have been made to increase the protein, minerals and crude fibre content of the papad with incorporation of Pleurotus sajor-caju powder to develop a novel snack food. Mushroom powder was added in different proportions ...
Mudgil Deepak - - 2012
Guar gum was hydrolyzed using cellulase from Aspergillus niger at 5.6 pH and 50°C temperature. Hydrolyzed guar gum sample was characterized using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, differential scanning calorimetry, thermogravimetric analysis, X-ray diffraction, dilute solution viscometry and rotational viscometry. Viscometry analysis of native guar gum showed a molecular weight of ...
Nobre Luciana N - - 2012
To identify dietary patterns in pre-school children and to investigate its determinants. Cross-sectional study nested in a cohort born between 2004 and 2005 in the municipality of Diamantina, state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. The instrument used to explore the dietary patterns was a frequency questionnaire for food consumption. Factor analysis ...
Ward Darren M - - 2012
Little is known about differences among trace elements in patterns of bioaccumulation in freshwater food webs. Our goal was to identify patterns in bioaccumulation of different elements that are large and consistent enough to discern despite variation across lakes. We measured methylmercury (MeHg) and trace element (As, Cd, Hg, Pb, ...
Singh Jyoti - - 2012
This study investigated the functional linkage between food availability and activity behavior in the Palaearctic Indian night migratory blackheaded bunting (Emberiza melanocephala) subjected to artificial light-dark (LD) cycles. Two experiments were performed on photosensitive birds. In the first one, birds were exposed to short days (LD 10/14; Experiment 1A), long ...
Charpy Loïc - - 2012
The environmental characteristics of Ahe deep lagoon (Tuamotu Archipelago, French Polynesia) were studied over 3years with the aim of explaining the spatial and temporal variability of the natural food available for pearl oysters with a special focus on phytoplankton biomass and global photosynthesis/respiration ratio of the lagoon. Chlorophyll averaged 0.34±0.01μgL(-1) ...
Svastisalee Chalida M - - 2012
Background. We investigated differences in family social class associations between food outlet exposure and fruit and vegetable intake. Methods. We supplemented data from the 2006 Health Behavior in School Aged Children Study (n = 6, 096) with geocoded food outlet information surrounding schools (n = 80). We used multilevel logistic ...
Ghalaeh Reihaneh Seyed - - 2012
Obesity is growing rapidly in our country. Nutrition is an important issue of obesity. The aim of this study was to determine the association between fruit and vegetable intake with the waist circumference and the body mass index (BMI) among young female university students. This cross-sectional study was conducted on ...
Ampeng Ahmad - - 2012
Presbytis chrysomelas chrysomelas endemic only in Sarawak and Kalimantan was categorized by IUCN as a critically endangered primate that require special attention from research and conservation perspectives. A qualitative study on ranging patterns of P. c. chrysomelas was conducted in the Samunsam Wildlife Sanctuary, Sarawak. The study was conducted over ...
Hammerschlag Neil - - 2012
Predators can impact ecosystems through trophic cascades such that differential patterns in habitat use can lead to spatiotemporal variation in top down forcing on community dynamics. Thus, improved understanding of predator movements is important for evaluating the potential ecosystem effects of their declines. We satellite-tagged an apex predator (bull sharks, ...
Nanri Akiko A Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, International Clinical Research Center, National Center for Global Health and Medicine, Tokyo, Japan. - - 2012
Analysis of dietary pattern is increasingly popular in nutritional epidemiology. However, few studies have examined the validity and reproducibility of dietary patterns. We assessed the reproducibility and validity of dietary patterns identified by a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) used in the 5-year follow-up survey of the Japan Public Health Center-Based ...
van der Bilt Andries - - 2011
van der Bilt A, Pocztaruk RL, Frasca LCF, van der Glas HW, Abbink JH. The influence of auditory and visual information on the neuromuscular control of chewing crispy food. Eur J Oral Sci 2011; 119: 427-434. © 2011 Eur J Oral Sci The influence of auditory and/or visual information on ...
Choi Ri-Na - - 2011
Polypropylene (PP)/clay nanocomposites based on PP, organic clay (montmorillonite; MMT), and maleated polypropylene (MAPP) were prepared by melt compounding. The mechanical, thermal, morphological, and gas barrier properties of the resulting PP/clay nanocomposites were investigated at varying concentrations of the components for food packaging. The results revealed that the mechanical strengths, ...
Miranda-Bermudez E - - 2011
Carbon black (C.I. 77266) is an insoluble pigment produced by the partial combustion of hydrocarbons. The pigment is known by several synonyms, including vegetable carbon, lamp black and carbon ash, that correspond to the raw materials and methods used for its production. Vegetable carbon (E153) is permitted for use in ...
Trout Kimberly K - - 2012
Previous studies have suggested that women have low dietary intake of fruits and vegetables. This study's objective was to test the effectiveness of a novel nutrition intervention (education about prenatal flavor learning) on increasing fruit and vegetable intake in a group of primarily Latina women at an urban prenatal clinic. ...
van der Veen Daan R - - 2011
Light is the main entraining signal of the central circadian clock, which drives circadian organization of activity. When food is made available during only certain parts of the day, it can entrain the clock in the liver without changing the phase of the central circadian clock. Although a hallmark of ...
Xiao Kai-Jun - - 2011
Context: Rosa laevigata Michx. (Rosaceae), widespread in China, contains many valuable nutrients and has long been used as food and medicine in Chinese folklore. Nowadays, due to its favorable property of coloring, the brown pigment of R. laevigata has an attractive potential as an available additive in food. Objective: The ...
Blum I D - - 2011
Food anticipation and its behavioural manifestation, food anticipatory activity (FAA), require entrainment of a suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) independent circadian mechanism, a food entrainable oscillator (FEO), with an unknown neural substrate. While the FEO entrains to fasting/feeding related cues and drives FAA independently of the pacemaker in the SCN, it must ...
Sanz Maria L - - 2011
The determination of specific IgE (sIgE) against allergenic components fixed in a solid support that is provided as a microarray of high capacity and allows a more precise evaluation in the food allergy diagnosis. In this review, we will analyze the results obtained to date with this technology applied to ...
Piñero Maria-Ysabel - - 2011
CE has generated considerable interest in the research community since instruments were introduced by different trading companies in the 1990s. Nowadays, CE is popular due to its simplicity, speed, highly efficient separations and minimal solvent and reagent consumption; it can also be included as a useful technique in the nanotechnology ...
Skypala I J - - 2011
Background Birch pollen-associated oral allergy syndrome, also known as pollen-food syndrome (PFS), is the most common food allergy in adults in the United Kingdom. Because of its characteristic rapid onset of oro-pharyngeal symptoms associated with specific plant foods, it was hypothesized that a history-based questionnaire could accurately diagnose PFS in ...
Ballmer-Weber Barbara K - - 2011
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this paper is to review and discuss studies on molecular diagnosis in fruit and vegetable allergy. RECENT FINDINGS: Celeriac, carrot and tomato are the most prevalent allergenic vegetables, whereas fruit allergy is mainly induced by apple, peach and kiwi. Component-resolved molecular diagnosis has been ...
Hervás Mirian - - 2011
Microfluidic technology has now become a novel sensing platform where different analytical steps, biological recognition materials and suitable transducers can be cleverly integrated yielding a new sensor generation. A novel "lab-on-a-chip" strategy integrating an electrokinetic magnetic bead-based electrochemical immunoassay on a microfluidic chip for reliable control of permitted levels of ...
Marcolino Vanessa Aparecida - - 2011
This work aimed to compare methods for the formation of complexes of bixin and curcumin with β-cyclodextrin (β-CD) and to evaluate the stability of the complexes formed by these methods and their food applications. The stoichiometric relationship between curcumin and β-CD was 1:2 and that between bixin and β-CD was ...
Hollands Gareth J - - 2011
Objective: To examine the effect of communicating images of energy-dense snack foods paired with aversive images of the potential health consequences of unhealthy eating, on implicit and explicit attitudes and food choice behavior. Design: Participants were randomly allocated to either an evaluative conditioning (EC) procedure that paired images of snack ...
Hwang Soon-Jin - - 2011
The impact of the freshwater bivalve Corbicula leana on plankton community dynamics was examined during a cyanobacterial bloom period. Nutrient and chlorophyll concentrations, primary productivity, and phytoplankton and zooplankton communities in the experimental enclosures were measured at 2-3 day intervals. The introduction of mussels reduced net primary productivity and phytoplankton ...
Fenicia Lucia - - 2011
A real-time PCR method for detection and typing of BoNT-producing Clostridia types A, B, E, and F was developed on the framework of the European Research Project "Biotracer". A primary evaluation was carried out using 104 strains and 17 clinical and food samples linked to botulism cases. Results showed 100% ...
Redo-Sanchez Albert - - 2011
We report the use of terahertz (THz) spectroscopy to explore the spectral properties of eleven antibiotics commonly used in livestock production. Eight of the eleven antibiotics showed specific fingerprints in the frequency range between 0.1 and 2 THz. The main spectral features of two antibiotics (doxycycline and sulfapyridine) were still ...
Schap TusaRebecca E - - 2011
To evaluate adolescents' abilities to identify foods and estimate the portion size of foods consumed in order to inform development of the mobile telephone food record (mpFR). Data were collected from two samples of adolescents (11-18 years). Adolescents in sample 1 participated in one lunch (n 63) and fifty-five of ...
Barnett J - - 2011
To cite this article: Barnett J, Leftwich J, Muncer K, Grimshaw K, Shepherd R, Raats MM, Gowland MH, Lucas JS. How do peanut and nut-allergic consumers use information on the packaging to avoid allergens? Allergy 2011; DOI: 10.1111/j.1398-9995.2011.02563.x. ABSTRACT: Background:  Recent legislation has sought to improve the information printed on ...
Costa Aldo José Fernandes - - 2011
To cite this article: Costa AJF, Sarinho ESC, Motta MEFA, Gomes PN, de Oliveira de Melo SM, da Silva GAP. Allergy to cow's milk proteins: what contribution does hypersensitivity in skin tests have to this diagnosis? Pediatr Allergy Immunol 2011; 22: e133-e138. Food allergy is an immunologically mediated adverse reaction ...
Traunšek Urban - - 2011
Listeriosis is a serious food-borne infection with mortality rates approaching 30%. Therefore, the rapid, cost-effective, and automated detection of Listeria monocytogenes throughout the food chain continues to be a major concern. Here we describe three novel quantitative real-time PCR assays for L. monocytogenes based on amplification of a target hlyA ...
Johnson Ronald L - - 2011
In a multilaboratory study, the effectiveness of an alternative method for rapid screening of Listeria species compared to traditional reference methods was demonstrated in a variety of food products. A collaborative study was conducted to compare the VIDAS Listeria species Xpress (LSX) method and the standard cultural methods for the ...
Maoka Takashi - - 2011
Carotenoids of the corals Acropora japonica, A. secale, and A. hyacinthus, the tridacnid clam Tridacna squamosa, the crown-of-thorns starfish Acanthaster planci, and the small sea snail Drupella fragum were investigated. The corals and the tridacnid clam are filter feeders and are associated with symbiotic zooxanthellae. Peridinin and pyrrhoxanthin, which originated ...
Maoka Takashi - - 2011
Marine animals contain various carotenoids that show structural diversity. These marine animals accumulate carotenoids from foods such as algae and other animals and modify them through metabolic reactions. Many of the carotenoids present in marine animals are metabolites of β-carotene, fucoxanthin, peridinin, diatoxanthin, alloxanthin, and astaxanthin, etc. Carotenoids found in ...
Nikolaou Anastasios - - 2010
In this study we present a novel multiplex PCR assay for rapid and efficient detection of Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus. The accuracy of our method was confirmed by the successful identification of L. delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus in commercial yoghurts and food supplements and it may be readily applied to the ...
Wang Yuling - - 2011
A rapid and sensitive method was developed here for separation and detection of multiple pathogens in food matrix by magnetic surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) nanoprobes. Silica-coated magnetic probes (MNPs@SiO(2)) of ~100 nm in diameter were first prepared via the reverse microemulsion method using cetyltrimethylammonium bromide as a surfactant and tetraethyl ...
Usha R R - - 2010
The objective of this study was to develop a cereal-pulse complementary food fortified with different concentrations of pumpkin powder (Cucurbita moschata), and to analyse its sensory and physic-chemical parameters. Fresh pumpkins(Cucurbita moschata) were procured from the market and dehydrated and powdered in the laboratory. Sorghum (Sorghum vulgare) and whole green ...
Röder Martin - - 2011
Currently, causative immunotherapies are lacking in food allergy. The only option to prevent allergic reactions in susceptible individuals is to strictly avoid the offending food. Thus, reliable labelling of allergenic constituents is of major importance, but can only be achieved if appropriate specific and sensitive detection techniques for foods with ...
Baranowski Tom - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To test the effect of image size and presence of size cues on the accuracy of portion size estimation by children. DESIGN: Children were randomly assigned to seeing images with or without food size cues (utensils and checked tablecloth) and were presented with sixteen food models (foods commonly eaten ...
Benini Omar - - 2011
Restriction of dietary phosphorus is a major aspect of patient care in those with renal disease. Restriction of dietary phosphorus is necessary to control for phosphate balance during both conservative therapy and dialysis treatment. The extra amount of phosphorus which is consumed as a result of phosphate-containing food additives is ...
Peres António M - - 2011
An all-solid-state potentiometric electronic tongue with 36 polymeric membranes has been used for the first time to detect gliadins, which are primarily responsible for gluten intolerance in people suffering from celiac disease. A linear discriminant model, based on the signals of 11 polymeric membranes, selected from the 36 above using ...
Wu Yajun - - 2010
Celery was found to provoke human allergenic response in some countries. Labeling of celery ingredients was required by the European Union, and the threshold set at 10 mg/kg (0.001%). In our study, a celery mannitol transporter (Mat3) gene-based detection method was established by means of SYBR Green real-time PCR technique. ...
Kostić Tanja T AIT Austrian Institute of Technology GmbH, Bioresources Unit, A-2444 Seibersdorf, Austria. - - 2010
A microbial diagnostic microarray for the detection of the most relevant bacterial food- and water-borne pathogens and indicator organisms was developed and thoroughly validated. The microarray platform based on sequence-specific end labelling of oligonucleotides and the pyhylogenetically robust gyrB marker gene allowed a highly specific (resolution on genus/species level) and ...
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