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Lainscak Mitja M Department of Cardiology, General Hospital Celje, Celje, Slovenia; Applied Cachexia Research, Charite Universitaetsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, - - 2014
In the general population, poor self-rated health (SRH) is associated with malnutrition; however, these associations have not been studied in hospitalized patients. We aimed to evaluate SRH, indicators of nutrition, nutritional status, and their association with in-hospital mortality. The study is based on data from the nutritionDay, a multinational, multicenter ...
Sylvetsky Allison C AC From the Department of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences (A.C.S.) and the Sumner M. Redstone Global Center for Prevention and Wellness (W.H.D.), Milken Institute School of Public Health, George Washington University, Washington, - - 2014
The FDA is considering changes to its Nutrition Facts label, but other labeling changes would help consumers select nutritious foods. One key concern is sugar- and calorie-related claims, especially with regard to nonnutritive sweeteners and product sweetness.
Kessler David A DA From the Departments of Pediatrics and Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, San - - 2014
The FDA's proposals for revising its Nutrition Facts label for foods are strong, urgently needed, and likely to affect consumer behavior positively. But additional labeling requirements can do more to influence food choices, reduce obesity, and promote health.
Drewnowski Adam A From l'Université Pierre et Marie Curie-Paris VI, Groupe Hospitalier Pitié-Salpêtrière, Paris, France (AD), and the Center for Public Health Nutrition, University of Washington, Seattle, WA - - 2014
The proposed changes to the Nutrition Facts Label by the US Food and Drug Administration will include information on added sugars for the first time.OBJECTIVE: The objective was to evaluate the sources of added sugars in the diets of a representative sample of US children and adults by food purchase ...
Maubach Ninya N Department of Marketing, University of Otago, Dunedin 9054, New Zealand. Electronic address: - - 2014
Many stakeholders support introducing an interpretive front-of-pack (FOP) nutrition label, but disagree over the form it should take. In late 2012, an expert working group established by New Zealand government recommended the adoption of an untested summary rating system: a Star label. This study used a best-worst scaling choice experiment ...
Lou-Arnal Luis M - - 2014
Introduction and objectives: An increased consumption of processed foods that include phosphorus-containing additives has led us to propose the following working hypothesis: using phosphate-rich additives that can be easily absorbed in processed foods involves a significant increase in phosphorus in the diet, which may be considered as hidden phosphorus since ...
Kasapila William W a Universiti Malaysia Sabah, School of Food Science and Nutrition , Locked Bag No. 2073, Kota Kinabalu , 88999 , Sabah , - - 2014
Abstract The need for accurate nutrition labeling on food products has never been greater. Obesity has assumed near-epidemic levels in both industrialized and emerging nations in recent years, and governments and consumer groups around the world are looking for ways to improve the nutritional choices for their citizenry while simultaneously ...
Vermeer W M WM Department of Gynecology, Leiden University Medical Centre, Leiden, The - - 2014
In the past decades, portion sizes of high-caloric foods and drinks have increased and can be considered an important environmental obesogenic factor. This paper describes a research project in which the feasibility and effectiveness of environmental interventions targeted at portion size was evaluated. The studies that we conducted revealed that ...
Roberto C A CA Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Harvard School of Public Health, Cambridge, MA, - - 2014
Accurate and easy-to-understand nutrition labeling is a worthy public health goal that should be considered an important strategy among many to address obesity and poor diet. Updating the Nutrition Facts Panel on packaged foods, developing a uniform front-of-package labeling system and providing consumers with nutrition information on restaurant menus offer ...
Mora C A CA Institute for Chemical- and Bioengineering, Department of Chemistry and Applied Biosciences, ETH Zurich, Vladimir-Prelog-Weg 1, 8093, Zurich, - - 2014
Ecological networks such as food webs are extremely complex and can provide important information about the robustness and productivity of an ecosystem. In most cases it is not feasible to observe trophic interactions between predators and prey directly and with the available methods it is difficult to quantify the connections ...
Cavanagh Kevin V KV Department of Psychology, The College of William & Mary, Williamsburg, VA, - - 2014
The goal of the current study was to determine whether provision of brand and caloric information affects sensory perception and consumption of a food in restrained (n = 84) and unrestrained eaters (n = 104). Using a between-subjects 2 × 2 × 3 design, female restrained and unrestrained eaters were asked to taste and rate a cookie that ...
Radford Allyson - - 2014
In accordance with the 2010 Dietary Guidelines for Americans, at least half of total grain intake should be whole grains. Adolescents are currently not consuming the recommended daily intake of whole grains. Research is needed to determine whether whole grains are acceptable to adolescents and whether changing their food environment ...
Munera-Picazo Sandra S a Department of Agro-Food Technology. Food Quality and Safety Group (CSA) . Universidad Miguel Hernández de Elche . Orihuela , Alicante , - - 2014
Celiac disease (CD) may affect up to 1% of the Western population. It is a disease whose diagnosis has been made mainly in childhood, but now the profile has changed, with one out of five newly diagnosed individuals being over 65 years old. The only treatment for this population is a ...
Stice Eric E Oregon Research Institute, Eugene OR (ES, SD). Electronic address: - - 2014
Although obesity putatively occurs when individuals consume more calories than needed for metabolic needs, numerous risk factor studies have not observed significant positive relations between reported caloric intake and future weight gain, potentially because reported caloric intake is inaccurate. The present study tested the hypothesis that objectively measured habitual energy ...
Crowley Brooke E BE Department of Geology, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH, 45221; Department of Anthropology, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH, - - 2014
We examine the ecology of reddish-gray mouse lemurs from three habitats at Beza Mahafaly Special Reserve using focal follows and stable carbon and nitrogen isotope data. Focal observations indicate dietary differences among habitats as well as sexes and seasons. Both sexes consume more arthropods during the rainy season but overall, ...
Pelly Fiona F Faculty of Science, Health and Education, University of the Sunshine Coast, Maroochydore, Queensland, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate the food provision and nutrition support at the London 2012 Olympic (OG) and Paralympic Games (PG) from the perspective of sports nutrition experts attending the event. Participants (n=15) were asked to complete an online survey and rate on a Likert scale menu ...
Lafuente Isabel I Unit of Pediatric Pulmonology and Allergy, Children's Hospital La Fe. Instituto de Investigacion Sanitaria La Fe., Valencia, - - 2014
Procedures of desensitization to food in children who do not spontaneously outgrow their food allergy are increasingly being used. Some patients, especially those with severe allergy, have reactions during this process and must quit the procedure (1,2). An alternative for these cases is to use omalizumab, as an off-label indication, ...
Meals Roy A RA Department of Orthopedic Surgery, University of California at Los Angeles; Department of Plastic Surgery, Stanford University, Stanford, CA. Electronic address: - - 2014
We describe technical tips for injecting collagenase into Dupuytren cords based on experience acquired during the prerelease Food and Drug Administration clinical trials and with subsequent clinical practice. These tips include techniques for extracting the reconstituted enzyme efficiently from the vial, injecting the cord(s) with increased safety to the tendons, ...
Breck Andrew A New York University Robert F. Wagner School of Public Service, 295 Lafayette St, New York, NY 10012, USA; New York University School of Medicine, 550 1st Ave, New York, NY 10016, - - 2014
Identify consumer characteristics that predict seeing and using calorie information on fast food menu boards. Two separate data collection methods were used in Philadelphia during June 2010, several weeks after calorie labeling legislation went into effect: 1) point-of-purchase survey and receipt collection conducted outside fast food restaurants (N=669) and 2) ...
Karupaiah Tilakavati T a Faculty of Health Sciences , National University of Malaysia , Kuala Lumpur 50300 , - - 2014
The extent of industrial trans fatty acids (TFA) in the food supply is unknown in Malaysia whilst TFA disclosure on food labels is not mandatory by Malaysian food standards. Supermarket foods such as dairy products, fats and oils, meat products, snack foods, soups and confectionery are commonly cited to be ...
Crockett Rachel A RA King's College London. Section of Health Psychology, Guy's Campus, London Bridge, SE1 9RT, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
There is some evidence for paradoxical effects of nutritional labelling on energy intake particularly amongst restrained eaters and those with a higher body mass index (BMI) resulting in greater consumption of energy from foods with a positive health message (e.g. "low-fat") compared to the same foods, unlabelled. This study aimed ...
Vartak Vivek Rohidas VR Khar Land Research Station (Dr. B.S. Konkan Agricultural University), Panvel-, 410206, Navi Mumbai Maharashtra, India; Vellore Institute of Technology University, Vellore-, 632 014, Tamil Nadu, - - 2014
Improper labeling of raw as well as processed sea food is now of global importance for reducing commercial fraud and also enhancing food safety. Crabs are crustaceans with intricate morphological as well as the genetic divergence among the species and popular as seafood in restaurants. Due to the high number ...
Cha Eunseok E Emory University Nell Hodgson Woodruff School of Nursing, Atlanta, GA, USA. - - 2014
To examine relationships among health literacy, self-efficacy, food label use, and dietary quality in young adults aged 18-29. Health literacy, self-efficacy, food label use, and dietary quality were assessed. Participants were categorized into low, medium and high health literacy groups based on Newest Vital Sign score. Self-efficacy and health literacy ...
- - 2014
The E number system for food additives was introduced in the 1960s and the E was intended to reassure consumers that permitted additives were safe. In the 1980s full ingredient declarations had to be provided on food products for the first time and manufacturers were permitted to use either the ...
Versluis Astrid A UMC - - 2014
Food allergic patients have to deal with an avoidance diet. Confusing labelling terms or precautionary labels can result in misinterpretation and risk-taking behaviour. Even those patients that strictly adhere to their diet experience (sometimes severe) unexpected allergic reactions to food. The frequency, severity and causes of such reactions are unknown. ...
Murniece Irisa I Department of Food Technology, Latvia University of Agriculture, Liela iela 2, Jelgava, LV-3001, Latvia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Bakery products, particularly bread, make up a significant share of the food guide pyramid. To help consumers make more informed choices from the bread available in the market, it is essential to provide correct and appropriate information on food labels. The aim of this research was to analyse the information ...
Soares Sónia S REQUIMTE, Departamento de Ciências Químicas, Faculdade de Farmácia, Universidade do Porto, Rua de Jorge Viterbo Ferreira, 228, 4050-313 Porto, - - 2014
In the present work, we propose a normalised real-time quantitative PCR assay to determine the addition of soybean to meat products. The method proved to be a powerful tool for the quantification of soybean protein (dry basis) in the range of 0.01% to 6%, being successfully in-house validated. Its application ...
Durksen Anita A Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, - - 2014
Physical activity interventions targeting weight status have yielded mixed results. This variability may be attributed to compensatory changes in dietary patterns after increasing physical activity levels. Therefore, we sought to determine whether dietary patterns varied with time spent in vigorous intensity physical activity in youth. Cross-sectional analysis of 330 youth ...
Gevers D W M DW Department of Health Promotion, NUTRIM School for Nutrition, Toxicology and Metabolism, Maastricht University Medical Centre+, P.O. Box 616 6200 MD, Maastricht, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Inconsistencies in measurements of food parenting practices continue to exist. Fundamental to this problem is the lack of clarity about what is understood by different concepts of food parenting practices. The purpose of this study was to clarify food parenting practice concepts related to snacking. A three round Delphi study ...
Lara Jose - - 2014
Retirement from work involves significant lifestyle changes and may represent an opportunity to promote healthier eating patterns in later life. However, the effectiveness of dietary interventions during this period has not been evaluated. We undertook a systematic review of dietary interventions among adults of retirement transition age (54 to 70 ...
Deville-Almond Jane J School of Health and Wellbeing, University of Wolverhampton, - - 2014
Health promotion is integral to the nurse's role. Increasing numbers of people in the UK are overweight or obese and are at increased risk of health problems such as type 2 diabetes, heart disease and certain cancers. Therefore, it is essential to encourage people to make healthier lifestyle choices. This ...
Shiomi Mari M Clinical Development Department, Pharmaceutical Division, Japan Tobacco, Inc., Tokyo, - - 2014
This study investigated the effects of ingested food types on the pharmacokinetics of elvitegravir, cobicistat, emtricitabine, and tenofovir as a single-tablet regimen (STR) in Japanese HIV-negative healthy subjects. In this open-label, randomized, three-way crossover study, the pharmacokinetic profiles of elvitegravir, cobicistat, emtricitabine, and tenofovir were evaluated when administered with a ...
Tomar Balvir S BS Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology, NIMS Medical College, Nims University, Jaipur, 303121, Rajasthan, India, - - 2014
Intolerance to foods which contain lactose can cause a range of intestinal and systemic symptoms. These symptoms are caused by Lactase deficiency which is encoded by a single gene (LCT) of ≈ 50 kb located on chromosome 2q21. In some food items, lactose has been missed because of "hidden" lactose due ...
Cohen Juliana F W JF Research Fellow, (Jcohen@hsph.harvard.edu), Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA - - 2014
Whole grain (WG) options are often limited in schools, which may impact rural, low-income students who rely on school meals for a substantial portion of their food intake. This study examined the changes in the availability and quantity of WG and refined grain foods offered in schools participating in the ...
Shibata Katsumi K a Department of Nutrition, School of Human Cultures , The University of Shiga Prefecture , Shiga , - - 2014
Calorie restriction leads to a change in the metabolism of nutrients. Nicotinamide is biosynthesized from l-tryptophan. We attempted to determine the effects of food restriction on the biosynthesis of nicotinamide from l-tryptophan. Weaning male rats were fed a conventional chemically defined diet without preformed niacin for 63 d. However, the food ...
Costa Joana J Christian Doppler Laboratory for Rapid Test Systems for Allergenic Food Contaminants, Center for Analytical Chemistry, Department IFA-Tulln, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna, Konrad Lorenz Str. 20, 3430, Tulln, - - 2014
Hazelnut (Corylus avellana L.) is responsible for a significant part of the allergies related to nuts. Still, it is a very much appreciated nut and as consequence is widely used in all types of processed foods, such as chocolates. Correct food labelling is currently the most effective means of preventing ...
James Ashlei - - 2014
Abstract Purpose . Determine the effect of menu labels displaying the energy content of food items or the exercise equivalent on energy ordered and consumed at lunch and energy intake for the remainder of the day in young adults. Design . Subjects were randomized to a menu with no labels ...
Cohen Deborah A DA Deborah A. Cohen is with the RAND Corporation, Santa Monica, CA. At the time of the writing, Mary Story was with the Division of Epidemiology and School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, - - 2014
Because restaurants routinely serve food with more calories than people need, dining out represents a risk factor for overweight, obesity, and other diet-related chronic diseases. Most people lack the capacity to judge the caloric content of food and there is limited evidence that people make use of calorie-labeling information when ...
Arsenault Joanne E - - 2014
Point-of-purchase nutrition labeling is a potential tool to help consumers choose healthier foods. The objectives of our study were to survey soldiers on their use of the Go-for-Green nutrition labeling system in dining facilities and compare characteristics of users and nonusers. The study population consisted of 299 US Army active ...
Rahmawaty Setyaningrum S Metabolic Research Centre, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, New South Wales, Australia; School of Health Sciences, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, New South Wales, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to examine food patterns of Australian children ages 9 to 13 y in relation to ω-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid (ω-3 LCPUFA) intake. Secondary analysis was conducted on nationally representative food data of 1110 Australian children ages 9 to 13 y (525 boys and ...
Thorndike Anne N AN General Medicine Division, Boston, Massachusetts. Electronic address: - - 2014
Preventing obesity requires maintenance of healthy eating behaviors over time. Food labels and strategies that increase visibility and convenience of healthy foods (choice architecture) promote healthier choices, but long-term effectiveness is unknown. Assess effectiveness of traffic-light labeling and choice architecture cafeteria intervention over 24 months. Longitudinal pre-post cohort follow-up study ...
Dodds Pennie - - 2014
Labelling of food from fast food restaurants at point-of-purchase has been suggested as one strategy to reduce population energy consumption and contribute to reductions in obesity prevalence. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of energy and single traffic light labelling systems on the energy content of ...
Wagner Heather Scherschel - - 2014
Objective: Explicitly-as opposed to subtly-labeling a food healthy may inadvertently license people to indulge, imply that the food tastes bad, or lead to reactance. We investigated the effects of explicit and subtle health messages on individuals' food selection in two field studies. Method: We manipulated the signs on healthy foods ...
Tennant David R DR a Food Chemical Risk Analysis , Brighton , - - 2014
Polyols are approved for use as sweeteners in specific foods but may be used for other technological purposes in a wider range of foods, all on a quantum satis basis. The European Polyols Association (EPA) has identified 24 categories of food where polyols are used and has been able to ...
Reicks Marla M Department of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Minnesota, St Paul, MN. Electronic address: - - 2014
Whole grain (WG) foods have been shown to reduce chronic disease risk and overweight. Total dietary fiber is associated with WG and its health benefits. The purpose was to determine whether associations exist between WG intake (no-WG intake, 0 ounce equivalent [oz eq]; low, >0-<3 oz eq; high, ≥3 oz ...
Kalva Jaclyn J JJ Dept. of Food Science & Human Nutrition, Univ. of Florida, P.O. Box 110370, Gainesville, FL 32611-0370, - - 2014
The hedonic 9-point scale was designed to compare palatability among different food items; however, it has also been used occasionally to compare individuals and groups. Such comparisons can be invalid because scale labels (for example, "like extremely") can denote systematically different hedonic intensities across some groups. Addressing this problem, the ...
Valfrè R R S.C. Servizio Igiene Alimenti e Nutrizione ASL TO 3 Regione Piemonte, - - 2014
In recent years, the increase of the consumption of supplements reveals problems concerning the safety of use. Current legislation states that supplements must be free of any therapeutic purpose and must have quality guarantees for the users' safety. The operators of the of Hygiene, Food and Nutrition Service (SIAN) of ...
Elizondo-Montemayor Leticia L 0000-0002-2076-1769 Clinical Nutrition and Obesity Research Center, School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Tecnológico de Monterrey, Avenue Morones Prieto 3000 Pte., Col. Los Doctores, 64710 Monterrey, NL, - - 2014
Hispanic children and those from low-socioeconomic status are predisposed to unhealthy eating habits and obesity. Aim. to implement an individualized, face-to-face, parent supported, and school-partnership dietetic intervention to promote healthy eating habits and decrease body mass index. Prospective school year dietetic intervention of 101 obese, Hispanic, low-socioeconomic school-age children representative ...
Ferruzzi Mario G MG Department of Food Science, - - 2014
Although the term "whole grain" is well defined, there has been no universal standard of what constitutes a "whole-grain food," creating challenges for researchers, the food industry, regulatory authorities, and consumers around the world. As part of the 2010 Dietary Guidelines for Americans, the U.S. Dietary Guidelines Technical Advisory Committee ...
Burgoine Thomas T UKCRC Centre for Diet and Activity Research, Medical Research Council (MRC) Epidemiology Unit, University of Cambridge School of Clinical Medicine, Box 285, Institute of Metabolic Science, Cambridge Biomedical Campus, Cambridge CB2 0QQ, - - 2014
To examine the association between environmental exposure to takeaway food outlets, takeaway food consumption, and body weight, while accounting for home, work place, and commuting route environments. Population based, cross sectional study, using data on individual participants' diet and weight, and objective metrics of food environment exposure. Working adults participating ...
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