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Aparicio-Ugarriza Raquel - - 2014
Abstract Vitamin B12 deficit is one of the most common vitamin deficiencies. However, there is no consensus on the cut-off points for vitamin B12 and its co-markers, such as folate, holotranscobalamin, methylmalonic acid and homocysteine. In order to establish the state of the art about cut-off points used to determine ...
Selem Soraya Sant'Ana de Castro SS Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, - - 2014
To assess the validity and reproducibility of a food frequency questionnaire developed for estimating the food consumption of adults in São Paulo, Brazil, based population study. A sample of individuals aged above 20 years, of both genders, living in São Paulo, was used for the validation study (n = 77) ...
Kattan Jacob D JD Department of Pediatric Allergy and Immunology, Jaffe Food Allergy Institute, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, 1 Gustave L. Levy Place, Box 1198, New York, NY 10029, USA. Electronic address: - - 2015
Accurately diagnosing a patient with a possible food allergy is important to avoid unnecessary dietary restrictions and prevent life-threatening reactions. Routine testing modalities have limited accuracy, and an oral food challenge is often required to make a definitive diagnosis. Given that they are labor intensive and risk inducing an allergic ...
Mönch Sabine S Lehrstuhl für Lebensmittelchemie, Technische Universität München, Lise-Meitner-Str. 34, D-85350 Freising, - - 2014
Different sources of folate may have different bioavailability and hence may impact the standard definition of folate equivalents. In order to examine this, a short term human study was undertaken to evaluate the relative native folate bioavailabilities from spinach, Camembert cheese and wheat germs compared to pteroylmonoglutamic acid as the ...
Chi Yu-Liang YL Department of Information Management, Chung Yuan Christian University, 200 Chung-Pei Rd., Chung Li 32023, Taiwan, ROC. Electronic address: - - 2014
Chronic diseases patients often require constant dietary control that involves complicated interaction among factors such as the illness stage, the patient's physical condition, the patient's activity level, the amount of food intake, and key nutrient restrictions. This study aims to integrate multiple knowledge sources for problem solving modeling and knowledge-based ...
Cantisani Carmen - - 2014
Allergic reactions can often depend on contact with several aliments and foods. Symptoms usually appear after ingestion several hours after consumption or even almost immediately. A lot of food allergies can lead to serious diseases and in some cases to death, so the priority for people suffering from them should ...
van Hoek Ingrid I Royal Canin Research & Development Center, Aimargues, France - - 2014
Since the first description of feline hyperthyroidism (HT) in 1979, several studies have been undertaken to define the etiology of the disease. Epidemiologic studies, after investigating non-food- and food-associated factors, suggest a multifactorial etiology. However, in the absence of prospective cohort studies that can confirm a cause-and-effect relationship between HT ...
Tsukahara Kiyoaki K Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Tokyo Medical University Hachioji Medical Center , - - 2014
Abstract Conclusion: Concomitant antiemetic therapy comprising fosaprepitant, palonosetron, and dexamethasone is effective for head and neck carcinoma. A patient diary was constructed to determine the effectiveness of concomitant antiemetic therapy with a neurokinin-1 receptor antagonist (fosaprepitant), 5-hydroxytryptamine receptor antagonist (palonosetron), and dexamethasone in accordance with guidelines. Subjects comprised 41 patients ...
Asero R - - 2014
Erratum to: In patients with LTP syndrome food-specific IgE show a predictable hierarchical order. Eur Ann Allergy Clin Immunol 2014, 46(4): 142-146. Table 2 was printed incorrectly.
Malihi Z Z Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, - - 2014
This study aimed to evaluate how changes in dietary intake among acute lymphoblastic and acute myeloid leukaemia (ALL and AML) patients affect nutritional status after the first induction chemotherapy. Dietary intake was assessed using 24-h recall and a 136-item food frequency questionnaire. Nutritional status was assessed by Patients Subjective Global ...
Atalah Eduardo E From the Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Medicine, University of Chile, Santiago, - - 2014
Chile has probably experienced Latin America's fastest nutritional transition, as evidenced by very low rates of stunting, but the country shows a high prevalence of obesity in most population groups. The aim was to assess the existence of a double burden of nutritional problems in Chile on the basis of ...
Desvignes Virginie V Risk Assessment Department, French Agency for Food, Environmental and Occupational Health & Safety (ANSES), 27-31, avenue du Général Leclerc, Maisons-Alfort, F-94701, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Polychlorobiphenyls (PCBs) are persistent pollutants that are widespread in the environment and in foodstuffs, particularly in freshwater fish, which frequently exceed the maximum levels set by European regulations. First, we describe the consumption of freshwater fish and serum PCB levels in French anglers, a population expected to have the highest ...
MacKenzie Heather H Graduate School, University of Portsmouth, Portsmouth, United - - 2014
Professional dietetic input is essential to ensure that children with diagnosed food allergies have an individualized avoidance plan and nutritionally adequate diet. However, it is not clear what dietary information and support parents require. To explore what information and support parents of children with food allergies require from a dietary ...
Martiniak Yvonne Y Department of Nutritional Behaviour, Max Rubner-Institut, Federal Research Institute of Nutrition and Food, Haid-und-Neu-Str. 9, 76131, Karlsruhe, - - 2014
Besides the adverse health effects of a low folate intake, the risks of high intakes of folic acid have moved into the focus. The aim of this study was to investigate the potential range of folate and folic acid intake of the German population under consideration of different fortification scenarios. ...
Glasper Alan - - 2014
Professor Alan Glasper from the University of Southampton discusses the ramifications of the new Hospital Food Standards Panel rules to serve up better food for NHS patients and staff, which is recommending five legally binding food standards across the whole service.
Torgersen Leila L Division of Mental Health, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, P.O. Box 4404 Nydalen, 0403 Oslo, Norway. Electronic address: - - 2014
Knowledge of infant diet and feeding practices among children of mothers with eating disorders is essential to promote healthy eating in these children. This study compared the dietary patterns of 6-month-old children of mothers with anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, binge eating disorder, and eating disorder not otherwise specified-purging subtype, to ...
KamiƄska Sylwia S Department of Epidemiology, National Institute of Public Health-National Institute of Hygiene, Warsaw, Poland, - - 2014
Efficient foodborne outbreak investigations are important for identification of gaps in food safety and public health practice. This article reports on an investigation of a gastroenteritis outbreak linked to catering food following a Christmas reception at the National Institute of Public Health-National Institute of Hygiene (NIPH-NIH) in Warsaw in December ...
Smith Sarah - - 2014
BEING A PATIENT in the NHS is like being a stranger in a foreign country. It has its own food, language and customs, clans and chiefs. It can be frightening, confusing and alienating for adults, let alone children visiting a hospital or GP's surgery.
Bailey Helen D HD Section of Environment and Radiation, International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), 150 Cours Albert Thomas, 69372, Lyon Cedex 08, France, - - 2014
We investigated whether paternal dietary intake of folate before conception is associated with the risk of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in a nationwide case-control study. Data on dietary folate intake during the 6 months before the child's conception were collected from 285 case fathers and 595 control fathers using a ...
Farr Olivia M OM Division of Endocrinology, Beth-Israel Deaconess Medical Center and VA Boston Healthcare System/Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA - - 2014
Context: Leptin is a key regulator of energy intake and expenditure. Individuals with congenital leptin deficiency demonstrate structural and functional brain changes when given leptin. However, whether acquired leptin deficiency may operate similarly is unclear. Objective: We set out to determine whether the brains of individuals with acquired leptin deficiency ...
- - 2014
It took a challenging comment from a patient to give Rachael Maiden the push she needed to change her attitude to food.
Walton Michelle M Department of Sport,Health and Nutrition, Leeds Trinity University, Brownberrie Lane, Horsforth,LeedsLS18 - - 2014
Ulcerative colitis (UC) is an inflammatory bowel disease that causes gastrointestinal lesions, bleeding, diarrhoea and nutritional complications. Insufficient nutrient intake can additionally deteriorate nutritional status. The present cross-sectional study aimed to determine whether UC patients adhere to national dietary guidelines and to assess their dietary habits. An online questionnaire (n ...
Eden Willem van WV Dept. Infectious Diseases & Immunology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Utrecht University, Yalelaan 1, 3584 CL Utrecht, The Netherlands. - - 2014
Ageing and obesity with accompanying manifestations of low grade chronic inflammation and increasing prevalence's of chronic autoimmune inflammatory diseases and allergies in the developed world are areas of increased concern. Easy solutions are not available or around the corner. Our findings that food components can boost the protective cellular response ...
Tuncel T T Division of Allergy, Department of Pediatrics, Dokuz Eylul University Hospital, Izmir,Turkey - - - 2014
Acute urticaria is a common condition in childhood that concerns both patients and pediatricians. The aim of this study was to evaluate the general approach of pediatricians to children with acute urticaria. A data collection form consisting of 17 questions was created to evaluate pediatricians' general knowledge and practical approaches ...
- - 2014
Hospital food is yet again in the spotlight, with the news that NHS trusts in England will soon have a contractual obligation to improve the quality of meals sold to staff and visitors as well as those served to patients.
Spencer Marisa M Division of Gastroenterology, University of Michigan Health System, 3912 Taubman Center, SPC 5362, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109-5362, USA, - - 2014
The medical community has only recently started to focus attention on the role of food in the pathogenesis of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), though the association between food and gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms has been recognized by patients for decades. Health care providers receive little formal training in the dietary management ...
Requena-Méndez Ana A Laboratorio de Investigación de Enfermedades Infecciosas, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru. Barcelona Centre for International Health Research, CRESIB, Hospital Clinic-Universitat de Barcelona, Spain. - - 2014
Poor response to tuberculosis (TB) therapy might be attributable to sub-therapeutic levels in drug-compliant patients. Pharmacokinetic (PK) parameters can be affected by several factors such as co-morbidities or the interaction of TB drugs with food. This study aimed to determine the PK of isoniazid (INH) in a Peruvian TB population ...
Yang Y-S YS Department of Dermatology, College of Medicine, Hallym University, Seoul, - - 2014
It is known that atopic dermatitis (AD) is associated with food or environmental allergens and increased levels of serum IgE. However, the role of hypersensitivity to food antigens in adult patients remains controversial. To evaluate the association between food hypersensitivity and AD in 126 adult Korean participants. Patients with AD ...
van Ansem Wilke - - 2014
BackgroundThe aims of this study are 1) to investigate the association between maternal educational level and healthy eating behaviour of 11-year-old children (fruit, vegetables and breakfast consumption), and 2) to examine whether factors in the home food environment (parental intake of fruit, vegetables and breakfast; rules about fruit and vegetables ...
Vargas Ashley J AJ a Department of Nutritional Sciences , University of Arizona , Tucson , Arizona , - - 2014
Dietary polyamines have recently been associated with increased risk of pre-malignant colorectal lesions. Because polyamines are synthesized in cells and taken up from dietary sources, development of a biomarker of exposure is challenging. Excess polyamines are primarily excreted in the urine. This pilot study seeks to identify dietary correlates of ...
Liu Yazheng Y Food Nutrition and Health, University of British Columbia, 2205 East Mall, Vancouver, B.C. V6T 1Z4, - - 2015
Here we report on the comparative stability of free and microencapsulated L-5-methyltetrahydrofolate (L-5-MTHF) with free folic acid (FA) when exposed to thermal cooking conditions that are common to noodle making. Fortifying noodle flour with free L-5-MTHF produced the greatest loss of the vitamin when noodles were cooked. In contrast, the ...
Bird J Andrew JA Division of Allergy and Immunology, Department of Pediatrics, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX. Electronic address: - - 2014
To determine the utility of food allergy panel testing among patients referred to a pediatric food allergy center. Retrospective chart review of all new patients seen between September 2011 and December 2012 by 1 provider in a tertiary referral pediatric food allergy center. A cost analysis was performed to calculate ...
Jiang Na N Renal Division, Renji Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Shanghai Center for Peritoneal Dialysis Research, No. 145 Middle ShanDong Road, Shanghai, 200001, People's Republic of - - 2014
The present study was conducted to analyze the dietary phosphorus intake and distribution in different food categories in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients, to evaluate the relationship between dietary phosphorus intake and hyperphosphatemia. It was a cross-sectional study, in which prevalent Chinese PD patients were instructed by dietitians to record 3-day ...
Walton Ryan N RN 1 Public Health Ontario , Toronto, Ontario, Canada - - 2014
Abstract On April 17, 2012, two adult females presented to the hospital with symptoms of botulism. Patient A displayed shortness of breath, increasing lethargy, ptosis, and fixed and dilated pupils, and was intubated after admission. Patient B presented with shortness of breath, vomiting, and stridor. Both patients consumed a meal ...
Sandstead Harold H HH Division of Human Nutrition, Department of Preventive Medicine and Community Health, The University of Texas Medical Branch, University Boulevard, Galveston, TX 77551-1109, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Epidemiological data suggest at least one in five humans are at risk of zinc deficiency. This is in large part because the phytate in cereals and legumes has not been removed during food preparation. Phytate, a potent indigestible ligand for zinc prevents it's absorption. Without knowledge of the frequency of ...
Molina-Infante Javier J Department of Gastroenterology, Hospital San Pedro de Alcantara, Caceres, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is an esophageal disorder predominantly triggered by food antigens. A six-food group elimination diet (SFGED) achieves remission in more than 70% of adult patients with EoE. After individual food reintroduction, just 1 or 2 food triggers for EoE can be identified in 65% to 85% of the patients, ...
Das Arpita A Department of Food Technology and Biochemical Engineering, Jadavpur University, Kolkata, - - 2014
To understand the interest of functional food in low-income countries by analyzing various necessary factors. Being on a low income would appear to relate most often to an unbalanced diet, both qualitatively and quantitatively, which may be damaging to health in the long term. Most chronic diseases of concern today ...
Boggiano M M MM Department of Psychology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this study was to use the Palatable Eating Motives Scale (PEMS) to determine if and what motives for eating tasty foods (e.g., junk food, fast food, and desserts) are associated with binge-eating in two diverse populations. BMI and scores on the PEMS, Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS), ...
Chadha S Nicole SN Division of Pediatric Allergy, Immunology, and Pulmonary Medicine, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee. Electronic address: - - 2014
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is a chronic allergic disease of the esophagus unresponsive to treatment with proton pump inhibitors. A combination of immediate, IgE-mediated and delayed, and non-IgE-mediated immune reactions to foods and aeroallergens is thought to contribute to disease pathogenesis. Optimal methods to assess for food allergen sensitization have been ...
Rodriguez-Oliveros Maria Guadalupe MG Centro de Investigación en Salud Poblacional. Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública. Avenida Universidad 655. Colonia Santa Maria Ahuacatitlan. Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico. CP 62100. Telephone: +52 (777) 329-30-00 ext 5113. Facsimile: +52 (777) - - 2014
Knowledge about mothers' perceptions of food classification and values about complementary feeding is necessary for designing educational and food supply interventions targeted to young children. To determine classification, attributes, and consumption/preparation routines of key complementary foods, 44 mothers of children < 2 y of age in 14 manufacturing businesses were ...
Hegerová Petra P Third Department of Medicine, Medical Faculty and Faculty Hospital Hradec Kralove, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic. Electronic address: - - 2015
An acute disease is regularly associated with inflammation, decreased food intake, and low physical activity; the consequence is loss of muscle mass. However, the restoration of muscle tissue is problematic, especially in older patients. Loss of muscle mass leads to further decrease of physical activity which leads, together with recurring ...
Gray Kristy L KL University of South Australia, School of Pharmacy and Medical - - 2014
People with Type 1 Diabetes (T1DM) or Type 2 Diabetes (T2DM) are at increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease (CVD). Despite good evidence that reducing sodium intake can reduce blood pressure and may reduce CVD risk in diabetes, salt intake in this population remains above recommended levels. The purpose of ...
Fajardo Violeta V Departamento de Ciencias Farmacéuticas y de la Salud, Facultad de Farmacia, Universidad CEU San Pablo, Urbanización Montepríncipe, Crta. Boadilla Km 5.3, 28668 Boadilla del Monte, Madrid, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2015
Ready-to-eat foods have nowadays become a significant portion of the diet. Accordingly, nutritional composition of these food categories should be well-known, in particular its folate content. However, there is a broad lack of folate data in food composition tables and databases. A total of 21 fresh-cut vegetable and fruit packed ...
Rodriguez-Palacios Alexander A Food Animal Health Research Program, College of Food Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center, The Ohio State University, Wooster, Ohio 44691, USA (Rodriguez-Palacios, LeJeune); Department of Preventive Veterinary Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210, USA (Rodriguez-Palacios, LeJeune); Cooper Farms, Fort Recovery, Ohio, USA (Barman); Division of Gastroenterology and Liver Disease, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, Ohio 44106, USA - - 2014
The cross-sectional (period) prevalence of Clostridium difficile in 875 farm animals from 29 commercial operations during the summer of 2008 in Ohio, USA was quantified. Compared to an external referent population of intensively managed race horses (12.7%), intensively managed commercially mature food animals (poultry, cattle, swine; < 0.6%) were infrequent ...
Campbell Norm N Department of Medicine, Physiology and Pharmacology and Community Health Sciences and Libin Cardiovascular Institute of Alberta, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, - - 2014
Reducing dietary salt is one of the most effective interventions to lessen the burden of premature death and disability. In high-income countries and those in nutrition transition, processed foods are a significant if not the main source of dietary salt. Reformulating these products to reduce their salt content is recommended ...
Nikolaou Charoula K CK Human Nutrition Section, School of Medicine, University of Glasgow. Electronic address: - - 2014
Obesity is the biggest challenge facing preventive medicine. Calorie-labelling has been suggested as a way of changing the architecture of an 'obesogenic' environment without limiting consumer choice. This study examined the effect of calorie-labelling on sales of food items at catering outlets on a city-centre university campus. Sales data were ...
Lainscak Mitja M Department of Cardiology, General Hospital Celje, Celje, Slovenia; Applied Cachexia Research, Charite Universitaetsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, - - 2014
In the general population, poor self-rated health (SRH) is associated with malnutrition; however, these associations have not been studied in hospitalized patients. We aimed to evaluate SRH, indicators of nutrition, nutritional status, and their association with in-hospital mortality. The study is based on data from the nutritionDay, a multinational, multicenter ...
Sylvetsky Allison C AC From the Department of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences (A.C.S.) and the Sumner M. Redstone Global Center for Prevention and Wellness (W.H.D.), Milken Institute School of Public Health, George Washington University, Washington, - - 2014
The FDA is considering changes to its Nutrition Facts label, but other labeling changes would help consumers select nutritious foods. One key concern is sugar- and calorie-related claims, especially with regard to nonnutritive sweeteners and product sweetness.
Kessler David A DA From the Departments of Pediatrics and Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, San - - 2014
The FDA's proposals for revising its Nutrition Facts label for foods are strong, urgently needed, and likely to affect consumer behavior positively. But additional labeling requirements can do more to influence food choices, reduce obesity, and promote health.
Drewnowski Adam A From l'Université Pierre et Marie Curie-Paris VI, Groupe Hospitalier Pitié-Salpêtrière, Paris, France (AD), and the Center for Public Health Nutrition, University of Washington, Seattle, WA - - 2014
The proposed changes to the Nutrition Facts Label by the US Food and Drug Administration will include information on added sugars for the first time.OBJECTIVE: The objective was to evaluate the sources of added sugars in the diets of a representative sample of US children and adults by food purchase ...
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