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Tsukahara Kiyoaki K Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Tokyo Medical University Hachioji Medical Center , - - 2014
Abstract Conclusion: Concomitant antiemetic therapy comprising fosaprepitant, palonosetron, and dexamethasone is effective for head and neck carcinoma. A patient diary was constructed to determine the effectiveness of concomitant antiemetic therapy with a neurokinin-1 receptor antagonist (fosaprepitant), 5-hydroxytryptamine receptor antagonist (palonosetron), and dexamethasone in accordance with guidelines. Subjects comprised 41 patients ...
Martiniak Yvonne Y Department of Nutritional Behaviour, Max Rubner-Institut, Federal Research Institute of Nutrition and Food, Haid-und-Neu-Str. 9, 76131, Karlsruhe, - - 2014
Besides the adverse health effects of a low folate intake, the risks of high intakes of folic acid have moved into the focus. The aim of this study was to investigate the potential range of folate and folic acid intake of the German population under consideration of different fortification scenarios. ...
Glasper Alan - - 2014
Professor Alan Glasper from the University of Southampton discusses the ramifications of the new Hospital Food Standards Panel rules to serve up better food for NHS patients and staff, which is recommending five legally binding food standards across the whole service.
KamiƄska Sylwia S Department of Epidemiology, National Institute of Public Health-National Institute of Hygiene, Warsaw, Poland, - - 2014
Efficient foodborne outbreak investigations are important for identification of gaps in food safety and public health practice. This article reports on an investigation of a gastroenteritis outbreak linked to catering food following a Christmas reception at the National Institute of Public Health-National Institute of Hygiene (NIPH-NIH) in Warsaw in December ...
Smith Sarah - - 2014
BEING A PATIENT in the NHS is like being a stranger in a foreign country. It has its own food, language and customs, clans and chiefs. It can be frightening, confusing and alienating for adults, let alone children visiting a hospital or GP's surgery.
Bailey Helen D HD Section of Environment and Radiation, International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), 150 Cours Albert Thomas, 69372, Lyon Cedex 08, France, - - 2014
We investigated whether paternal dietary intake of folate before conception is associated with the risk of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in a nationwide case-control study. Data on dietary folate intake during the 6 months before the child's conception were collected from 285 case fathers and 595 control fathers using a ...
Farr Olivia M OM Division of Endocrinology, Beth-Israel Deaconess Medical Center and VA Boston Healthcare System/Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA - - 2014
Context: Leptin is a key regulator of energy intake and expenditure. Individuals with congenital leptin deficiency demonstrate structural and functional brain changes when given leptin. However, whether acquired leptin deficiency may operate similarly is unclear. Objective: We set out to determine whether the brains of individuals with acquired leptin deficiency ...
- - 2014
It took a challenging comment from a patient to give Rachael Maiden the push she needed to change her attitude to food.
Walton Michelle M Department of Sport,Health and Nutrition, Leeds Trinity University, Brownberrie Lane, Horsforth,LeedsLS18 - - 2014
Ulcerative colitis (UC) is an inflammatory bowel disease that causes gastrointestinal lesions, bleeding, diarrhoea and nutritional complications. Insufficient nutrient intake can additionally deteriorate nutritional status. The present cross-sectional study aimed to determine whether UC patients adhere to national dietary guidelines and to assess their dietary habits. An online questionnaire (n ...
Eden Willem van WV Dept. Infectious Diseases & Immunology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Utrecht University, Yalelaan 1, 3584 CL Utrecht, The Netherlands. - - 2014
Ageing and obesity with accompanying manifestations of low grade chronic inflammation and increasing prevalence's of chronic autoimmune inflammatory diseases and allergies in the developed world are areas of increased concern. Easy solutions are not available or around the corner. Our findings that food components can boost the protective cellular response ...
Tuncel T T Division of Allergy, Department of Pediatrics, Dokuz Eylul University Hospital, Izmir,Turkey - - - 2014
Acute urticaria is a common condition in childhood that concerns both patients and pediatricians. The aim of this study was to evaluate the general approach of pediatricians to children with acute urticaria. A data collection form consisting of 17 questions was created to evaluate pediatricians' general knowledge and practical approaches ...
- - 2014
Hospital food is yet again in the spotlight, with the news that NHS trusts in England will soon have a contractual obligation to improve the quality of meals sold to staff and visitors as well as those served to patients.
Spencer Marisa M Division of Gastroenterology, University of Michigan Health System, 3912 Taubman Center, SPC 5362, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109-5362, USA, - - 2014
The medical community has only recently started to focus attention on the role of food in the pathogenesis of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), though the association between food and gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms has been recognized by patients for decades. Health care providers receive little formal training in the dietary management ...
Requena-Méndez Ana A Laboratorio de Investigación de Enfermedades Infecciosas, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru. Barcelona Centre for International Health Research, CRESIB, Hospital Clinic-Universitat de Barcelona, Spain. - - 2014
Poor response to tuberculosis (TB) therapy might be attributable to sub-therapeutic levels in drug-compliant patients. Pharmacokinetic (PK) parameters can be affected by several factors such as co-morbidities or the interaction of TB drugs with food. This study aimed to determine the PK of isoniazid (INH) in a Peruvian TB population ...
Yang Y-S YS Department of Dermatology, College of Medicine, Hallym University, Seoul, - - 2014
It is known that atopic dermatitis (AD) is associated with food or environmental allergens and increased levels of serum IgE. However, the role of hypersensitivity to food antigens in adult patients remains controversial. To evaluate the association between food hypersensitivity and AD in 126 adult Korean participants. Patients with AD ...
van Ansem Wilke - - 2014
BackgroundThe aims of this study are 1) to investigate the association between maternal educational level and healthy eating behaviour of 11-year-old children (fruit, vegetables and breakfast consumption), and 2) to examine whether factors in the home food environment (parental intake of fruit, vegetables and breakfast; rules about fruit and vegetables ...
Vargas Ashley J AJ a Department of Nutritional Sciences , University of Arizona , Tucson , Arizona , - - 2014
Dietary polyamines have recently been associated with increased risk of pre-malignant colorectal lesions. Because polyamines are synthesized in cells and taken up from dietary sources, development of a biomarker of exposure is challenging. Excess polyamines are primarily excreted in the urine. This pilot study seeks to identify dietary correlates of ...
Liu Yazheng Y Food Nutrition and Health, University of British Columbia, 2205 East Mall, Vancouver, B.C. V6T 1Z4, - - 2015
Here we report on the comparative stability of free and microencapsulated L-5-methyltetrahydrofolate (L-5-MTHF) with free folic acid (FA) when exposed to thermal cooking conditions that are common to noodle making. Fortifying noodle flour with free L-5-MTHF produced the greatest loss of the vitamin when noodles were cooked. In contrast, the ...
Bird J Andrew JA Division of Allergy and Immunology, Department of Pediatrics, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX. Electronic address: - - 2014
To determine the utility of food allergy panel testing among patients referred to a pediatric food allergy center. Retrospective chart review of all new patients seen between September 2011 and December 2012 by 1 provider in a tertiary referral pediatric food allergy center. A cost analysis was performed to calculate ...
Jiang Na N Renal Division, Renji Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Shanghai Center for Peritoneal Dialysis Research, No. 145 Middle ShanDong Road, Shanghai, 200001, People's Republic of - - 2014
The present study was conducted to analyze the dietary phosphorus intake and distribution in different food categories in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients, to evaluate the relationship between dietary phosphorus intake and hyperphosphatemia. It was a cross-sectional study, in which prevalent Chinese PD patients were instructed by dietitians to record 3-day ...
Walton Ryan N RN 1 Public Health Ontario , Toronto, Ontario, Canada - - 2014
Abstract On April 17, 2012, two adult females presented to the hospital with symptoms of botulism. Patient A displayed shortness of breath, increasing lethargy, ptosis, and fixed and dilated pupils, and was intubated after admission. Patient B presented with shortness of breath, vomiting, and stridor. Both patients consumed a meal ...
Molina-Infante Javier J Department of Gastroenterology, Hospital San Pedro de Alcantara, Caceres, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is an esophageal disorder predominantly triggered by food antigens. A six-food group elimination diet (SFGED) achieves remission in more than 70% of adult patients with EoE. After individual food reintroduction, just 1 or 2 food triggers for EoE can be identified in 65% to 85% of the patients, ...
Das Arpita A Department of Food Technology and Biochemical Engineering, Jadavpur University, Kolkata, - - 2014
To understand the interest of functional food in low-income countries by analyzing various necessary factors. Being on a low income would appear to relate most often to an unbalanced diet, both qualitatively and quantitatively, which may be damaging to health in the long term. Most chronic diseases of concern today ...
Boggiano M M MM Department of Psychology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this study was to use the Palatable Eating Motives Scale (PEMS) to determine if and what motives for eating tasty foods (e.g., junk food, fast food, and desserts) are associated with binge-eating in two diverse populations. BMI and scores on the PEMS, Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS), ...
Chadha S Nicole SN Division of Pediatric Allergy, Immunology, and Pulmonary Medicine, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee. Electronic address: - - 2014
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is a chronic allergic disease of the esophagus unresponsive to treatment with proton pump inhibitors. A combination of immediate, IgE-mediated and delayed, and non-IgE-mediated immune reactions to foods and aeroallergens is thought to contribute to disease pathogenesis. Optimal methods to assess for food allergen sensitization have been ...
Rodriguez-Oliveros Maria Guadalupe MG Centro de Investigación en Salud Poblacional. Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública. Avenida Universidad 655. Colonia Santa Maria Ahuacatitlan. Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico. CP 62100. Telephone: +52 (777) 329-30-00 ext 5113. Facsimile: +52 (777) - - 2014
Knowledge about mothers' perceptions of food classification and values about complementary feeding is necessary for designing educational and food supply interventions targeted to young children. To determine classification, attributes, and consumption/preparation routines of key complementary foods, 44 mothers of children < 2 y of age in 14 manufacturing businesses were ...
Gray Kristy L KL University of South Australia, School of Pharmacy and Medical - - 2014
People with Type 1 Diabetes (T1DM) or Type 2 Diabetes (T2DM) are at increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease (CVD). Despite good evidence that reducing sodium intake can reduce blood pressure and may reduce CVD risk in diabetes, salt intake in this population remains above recommended levels. The purpose of ...
Fajardo Violeta V Departamento de Ciencias Farmacéuticas y de la Salud, Facultad de Farmacia, Universidad CEU San Pablo, Urbanización Montepríncipe, Crta. Boadilla Km 5.3, 28668 Boadilla del Monte, Madrid, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2015
Ready-to-eat foods have nowadays become a significant portion of the diet. Accordingly, nutritional composition of these food categories should be well-known, in particular its folate content. However, there is a broad lack of folate data in food composition tables and databases. A total of 21 fresh-cut vegetable and fruit packed ...
Rodriguez-Palacios Alexander A Food Animal Health Research Program, College of Food Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center, The Ohio State University, Wooster, Ohio 44691, USA (Rodriguez-Palacios, LeJeune); Department of Preventive Veterinary Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210, USA (Rodriguez-Palacios, LeJeune); Cooper Farms, Fort Recovery, Ohio, USA (Barman); Division of Gastroenterology and Liver Disease, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, Ohio 44106, USA - - 2014
The cross-sectional (period) prevalence of Clostridium difficile in 875 farm animals from 29 commercial operations during the summer of 2008 in Ohio, USA was quantified. Compared to an external referent population of intensively managed race horses (12.7%), intensively managed commercially mature food animals (poultry, cattle, swine; < 0.6%) were infrequent ...
Campbell Norm N Department of Medicine, Physiology and Pharmacology and Community Health Sciences and Libin Cardiovascular Institute of Alberta, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, - - 2014
Reducing dietary salt is one of the most effective interventions to lessen the burden of premature death and disability. In high-income countries and those in nutrition transition, processed foods are a significant if not the main source of dietary salt. Reformulating these products to reduce their salt content is recommended ...
Nikolaou Charoula K CK Human Nutrition Section, School of Medicine, University of Glasgow. Electronic address: - - 2014
Obesity is the biggest challenge facing preventive medicine. Calorie-labelling has been suggested as a way of changing the architecture of an 'obesogenic' environment without limiting consumer choice. This study examined the effect of calorie-labelling on sales of food items at catering outlets on a city-centre university campus. Sales data were ...
Lainscak Mitja M Department of Cardiology, General Hospital Celje, Celje, Slovenia; Applied Cachexia Research, Charite Universitaetsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, - - 2014
In the general population, poor self-rated health (SRH) is associated with malnutrition; however, these associations have not been studied in hospitalized patients. We aimed to evaluate SRH, indicators of nutrition, nutritional status, and their association with in-hospital mortality. The study is based on data from the nutritionDay, a multinational, multicenter ...
Sylvetsky Allison C AC From the Department of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences (A.C.S.) and the Sumner M. Redstone Global Center for Prevention and Wellness (W.H.D.), Milken Institute School of Public Health, George Washington University, Washington, - - 2014
The FDA is considering changes to its Nutrition Facts label, but other labeling changes would help consumers select nutritious foods. One key concern is sugar- and calorie-related claims, especially with regard to nonnutritive sweeteners and product sweetness.
Kessler David A DA From the Departments of Pediatrics and Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, San - - 2014
The FDA's proposals for revising its Nutrition Facts label for foods are strong, urgently needed, and likely to affect consumer behavior positively. But additional labeling requirements can do more to influence food choices, reduce obesity, and promote health.
Drewnowski Adam A From l'Université Pierre et Marie Curie-Paris VI, Groupe Hospitalier Pitié-Salpêtrière, Paris, France (AD), and the Center for Public Health Nutrition, University of Washington, Seattle, WA - - 2014
The proposed changes to the Nutrition Facts Label by the US Food and Drug Administration will include information on added sugars for the first time.OBJECTIVE: The objective was to evaluate the sources of added sugars in the diets of a representative sample of US children and adults by food purchase ...
Maubach Ninya N Department of Marketing, University of Otago, Dunedin 9054, New Zealand. Electronic address: - - 2014
Many stakeholders support introducing an interpretive front-of-pack (FOP) nutrition label, but disagree over the form it should take. In late 2012, an expert working group established by New Zealand government recommended the adoption of an untested summary rating system: a Star label. This study used a best-worst scaling choice experiment ...
Lou-Arnal Luis M - - 2014
Introduction and objectives: An increased consumption of processed foods that include phosphorus-containing additives has led us to propose the following working hypothesis: using phosphate-rich additives that can be easily absorbed in processed foods involves a significant increase in phosphorus in the diet, which may be considered as hidden phosphorus since ...
Kasapila William W a Universiti Malaysia Sabah, School of Food Science and Nutrition , Locked Bag No. 2073, Kota Kinabalu , 88999 , Sabah , - - 2014
Abstract The need for accurate nutrition labeling on food products has never been greater. Obesity has assumed near-epidemic levels in both industrialized and emerging nations in recent years, and governments and consumer groups around the world are looking for ways to improve the nutritional choices for their citizenry while simultaneously ...
Hardin-Fanning Frances F University of Kentucky College of Nursing, Lexington, Kentucky , USA. - - 2014
Grocery vouchers that specifically target foods associated with reduced cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk result in increased consumption of those foods. In regions with disproportionately high CVD rates, there is little research concerning the impact of vouchers on purchases of risk-reducing foods when there are no restrictions placed on grocery voucher ...
Vermeer W M WM Department of Gynecology, Leiden University Medical Centre, Leiden, The - - 2014
In the past decades, portion sizes of high-caloric foods and drinks have increased and can be considered an important environmental obesogenic factor. This paper describes a research project in which the feasibility and effectiveness of environmental interventions targeted at portion size was evaluated. The studies that we conducted revealed that ...
Roberto C A CA Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Harvard School of Public Health, Cambridge, MA, - - 2014
Accurate and easy-to-understand nutrition labeling is a worthy public health goal that should be considered an important strategy among many to address obesity and poor diet. Updating the Nutrition Facts Panel on packaged foods, developing a uniform front-of-package labeling system and providing consumers with nutrition information on restaurant menus offer ...
Kim Min-Gyou MG Department of Family Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, - - 2014
Nutrition labels provide various information on the nutrient contents of food. However, despite the recent increase in the interest in dietary intake and expansion of related policies, studies on the association between nutrition label reading and dietary intake are lacking in Korea. This study analyzed the 2007-2009 KNHANES (Korean National ...
Mora C A CA Institute for Chemical- and Bioengineering, Department of Chemistry and Applied Biosciences, ETH Zurich, Vladimir-Prelog-Weg 1, 8093, Zurich, - - 2014
Ecological networks such as food webs are extremely complex and can provide important information about the robustness and productivity of an ecosystem. In most cases it is not feasible to observe trophic interactions between predators and prey directly and with the available methods it is difficult to quantify the connections ...
Cavanagh Kevin V KV Department of Psychology, The College of William & Mary, Williamsburg, VA, - - 2014
The goal of the current study was to determine whether provision of brand and caloric information affects sensory perception and consumption of a food in restrained (n = 84) and unrestrained eaters (n = 104). Using a between-subjects 2 × 2 × 3 design, female restrained and unrestrained eaters were asked to taste and rate a cookie that ...
Radford Allyson - - 2014
In accordance with the 2010 Dietary Guidelines for Americans, at least half of total grain intake should be whole grains. Adolescents are currently not consuming the recommended daily intake of whole grains. Research is needed to determine whether whole grains are acceptable to adolescents and whether changing their food environment ...
Munera-Picazo Sandra S a Department of Agro-Food Technology. Food Quality and Safety Group (CSA) . Universidad Miguel Hernández de Elche . Orihuela , Alicante , - - 2014
Celiac disease (CD) may affect up to 1% of the Western population. It is a disease whose diagnosis has been made mainly in childhood, but now the profile has changed, with one out of five newly diagnosed individuals being over 65 years old. The only treatment for this population is a ...
Stice Eric E Oregon Research Institute, Eugene OR (ES, SD). Electronic address: - - 2014
Although obesity putatively occurs when individuals consume more calories than needed for metabolic needs, numerous risk factor studies have not observed significant positive relations between reported caloric intake and future weight gain, potentially because reported caloric intake is inaccurate. The present study tested the hypothesis that objectively measured habitual energy ...
Crowley Brooke E BE Department of Geology, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH, 45221; Department of Anthropology, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH, - - 2014
We examine the ecology of reddish-gray mouse lemurs from three habitats at Beza Mahafaly Special Reserve using focal follows and stable carbon and nitrogen isotope data. Focal observations indicate dietary differences among habitats as well as sexes and seasons. Both sexes consume more arthropods during the rainy season but overall, ...
Pelly Fiona F Faculty of Science, Health and Education, University of the Sunshine Coast, Maroochydore, Queensland, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate the food provision and nutrition support at the London 2012 Olympic (OG) and Paralympic Games (PG) from the perspective of sports nutrition experts attending the event. Participants (n=15) were asked to complete an online survey and rate on a Likert scale menu ...
Lafuente Isabel I Unit of Pediatric Pulmonology and Allergy, Children's Hospital La Fe. Instituto de Investigacion Sanitaria La Fe., Valencia, - - 2014
Procedures of desensitization to food in children who do not spontaneously outgrow their food allergy are increasingly being used. Some patients, especially those with severe allergy, have reactions during this process and must quit the procedure (1,2). An alternative for these cases is to use omalizumab, as an off-label indication, ...
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