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Results 251 - 300 of 563
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Gillespie B E - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the bulk tank milk (BTM) quality of 9 East Tennessee dairy farms and to determine its relationship with selected quality milk parameters. Bulk tank milk samples (n=1,141) were collected over a 42-mo period (June 2006 through November 2009) from farms, based on ...
Morley Belinda - - 2012
Issue addressed: The study was designed to determine public acceptability of various forms of regulation to support a healthy eating environment. Methods: Telephone interviews were undertaken in June-July 2010 with a random sample of adults in Australia who were the main grocery buyer for their household. Results: Data were analysed ...
Kim Hye-Young - - 2012
This study was performed to investigate the differences in food choice, nutrition labeling perceptions, and prevalence of obesity due to meal skipping in Korean elementary school children. A national survey was performed in 2010 to collect data on food intake frequency, understanding of nutrition labeling, and body mass index from ...
Méjean Caroline - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To identify patterns of perception of front-of-pack (FOP) nutrition labels and to determine social factors, nutritional knowledge and attention to packaging features related to such patterns. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. Perception was measured using indicators of understanding and acceptability of three simple FOP labels (the 'Green Tick', the logo of the ...
Wansink Brian - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Snacks, stress and parties all contribute to the weight gain - the elusive 'Freshman 15' - that some college-goers unfortunately experience. The present study examines how à la carte snack choice changes on a university campus during each progressing week of the academic calendar. DESIGN: How à la carte ...
Vanderlee Lana - - 2012
Increased consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages has contributed to rising obesity levels. Under Canadian law, calories for pre-packaged foods and beverages are presented by serving size; however, serving sizes differ across products and even for the same product in different containers. This study examined consumer understanding of calorie amounts for government ...
Emrich Teri E - - 2012
Both the US Institute of Medicine and the Canadian Standing Committee on Health have called for simple, standardized front-of-package (FOP) nutrition labelling systems on packaged foods. However, despite scientific evidence and expert consensus on the topic, Canada's Minister of Health has dismissed these recommendations, stating that Canadian consumers already have ...
Mudgil Deepak D Department of Food Technology, Guru Jambheshwar University of Science and Technology, Hisar 125001, - - 2012
Depolymerization of guar gum using enzymatic hydrolysis was performed to obtain depolymerized guar gum having functional application as soluble dietary fiber. Enzymatic hydrolysis of guar gum significantly affected the physicochemical and rheological characteristics of guar gum. The depolymerized guar gum showed a significant increase in crystallinity index from 3.86% to ...
Leriche F - - 2012
Freshly drawn raw milk from 37 single herds on farms manufacturing raw cow cheese under the Protected Designation of Origin (PDO) label were sampled over 13mo for pseudomonad counts. Coliforms, somatic cells, and coagulase-positive staphylococci were counted and total fat and protein contents measured. For pseudomonad counts, the overall mean ...
de Assunção Laélia Soares - - 2012
The capability of Pleurotus ostreatus mushroom to accumulate lithium (Li) and the accessibility of this Li compared with lithium carbonate (Li(2)CO(3)), often used as psychiatric medicine, were investigated. Mushrooms were produced on a substrate-based on coffee husk, with different added concentrations of lithium chloride (LiCl). Biological efficiency (BE), the crude ...
Wei Qin Q Key Laboratory of Chemical Sensing & Analysis in Universities of Shandong, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, University of Jinan, Jinan 250022, - - 2012
A label-free amperometric immunosensor based on graphene sheet(GS)-nafion(Nf)/thionine(TH)/Pt nanoparticles modified electrode is proposed for the ultrasensitive detection of kanamycin. The anti-kanamycin antibody was immobilised onto the GS-Nf/TH/Pt modified glassy carbon electrode (GCE) through electrostatic adsorption. TH was selected as an electron transfer mediator, and the synergistic effects among GS, TH ...
Marks Chris - - 2012
Phenotypic flexibility is critical in determining fitness. As conditions change during ontogeny, continued responsiveness is necessary to meet the demands of the environment. Studies have shown that subsequent ontogenetic periods of development can interact with one another and shape developmental outcomes. The role genetic variation within populations plays in shaping ...
Roberto Christina A CA The Rudd Center for Food Policy and Obesity, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511, USA. - - 2012
Governments throughout the world are using or considering various front-of-package (FOP) food labeling systems to provide nutrition information to consumers. Our web-based study tested consumer understanding of different FOP labeling systems. Adult participants (N = 480) were randomized to 1 of 5 groups to evaluate FOP labels: 1) no label; ...
Rossi Damiano D Dipartimento Scienze della Vita e Biotecnologie-SVEB, UR7 Terra&Acqua Tech-Università di Ferrara, Corso Ercole I d'Este 32, 44121 Ferrara, - - 2012
Fourteen brands of resveratrol-containing nutraceuticals were evaluated in order to verify their actual resveratrol content and to control if their health-promoting properties are related to manufacturing quality. Products included pure resveratrol capsules or multi-ingredient formulations with standardized amounts of resveratrol and other phytochemicals. Samples were analyzed for total trans-resveratrol, flavonoids, ...
Fuller Nicholas R NR The Boden Institute of Obesity, Nutrition, Exercise & Eating Disorders, The University of Sydney, Australia. Electronic - - 2012
South Korea has a significantly lower prevalence of overweight and obesity compared to Western countries. This may be due to differences between the traditional Korean diet (KD) and western diet (WD). Our study investigated whether a Western population would accept a KD, compared to a WD, in a weight ...
Malek Mahdavi Aida A Student Research Committee, Faculty of Health & Nutrition, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, - - 2012
Considering the significant role of consumers' awareness about food labels in making healthy food choices, this study was designed to assess the knowledge, attitude and prac¬tice of university students about food labeling. In this cross-sectional study, 332 students aged 18-25 yr in five different academic majors (including Nutrition, Public Health, ...
Hernes Sigrunn S Department of Public Health, Sport and Nutrition, Faculty of Health and Sports, University of Agder, Kristiansand, - - 2012
The association between diet and CVD cannot be assigned to a single nutrient, but rather to a set of nutrients and non-nutrients, and eating pattern analyses have become an important tool in investigation of this relationship. Our objective was to investigate eating patterns in relation to nutrient intake and serum ...
Nkere Chukwuemeka K - - 2011
Bacterial count in prepared food or water is a key factor in assessing the quality and safety of food. It also reveals the level of hygiene adopted by food handlers in the course of preparation of such foods. This comparative study evaluated the bacteriological quality of food and water consumed ...
McMillan Dayton - - 2011
Nuclear accidents and access to radiological weapons for terrorist organizations and countries with hostile intentions towards the United States are realistic scenarios in the current global landscape. A dispersion of radionuclides can result from a nuclear weapon detonation or from a nuclear accident occurring in facilities handling or using radioactive ...
Born Jurriaan M JM Top Institute Food and Nutrition, Wageningen, Netherlands. - - 2011
Eating behavior is determined, to a significant extent, by the rewarding value of food (ie, liking and wanting). We determined brain regions involved in liking and wanting and related brain signaling to body mass index (BMI; in kg/m(2)) and dietary restraint. Fifteen normal-weight female subjects [mean ± SEM age: 21.5 ...
Ollberding Nicholas Jay - - 2011
Rates of diet-related chronic disease combined with the lack of current data on patterns of food label use by the US population warrant re-examination of the use and potential influence of this public health tool. The purpose of this study was to describe the prevalence of food label use and ...
Temple Jennifer L - - 2011
Increased visibility of food labels is a potential method to reduce the rate of obesity. However, few empirical studies have investigated the impact of nutrition labeling on food selection or energy intake. This study tested the hypothesis that nutrition labeling in combination with nutrition label education would promote reductions in ...
Schwaiger Karin - - 2011
A total of 1,001 vegetables were collected from 13 farms and 11 supermarkets in Bavaria, Germany; 722 samples were positive for coliforms (mostly Enterobacter cloacae; n = 176). Escherichia coli were detected in 34, Pseudomonas spp. in 439, Salmonella spp. in 1, Enterococcus spp. in 682, and Listeria spp. in 11 samples. ...
Deng Suo - - 2011
Family circumstance has long been considered one important factor that shapes children's eating habits including preferences for particular foods. However, less scholarly efforts have been devoted to understanding children's food preferences in extended family households. Drawn on data from the China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS) 2006 (n = 662), ...
Abhary Mohammad - - 2011
Although calorie dense, the starchy, tuberous roots of cassava provide the lowest sources of dietary protein within the major staple food crops (Manihot esculenta Crantz). (Montagnac JA, Davis CR, Tanumihardjo SA. (2009) Compr Rev Food Sci Food Saf 8:181-194). Cassava was genetically modified to express zeolin, a nutritionally balanced storage ...
Roses Jonathan B JB Intellectual Property Department at Wilmer Cutler Pickering Hale and Dorr - - 2011
In 2004, Congress mandated labeling of food allergens on packaged foods for the first time by passing the Food Allergen Labeling and Consumer Protection Act (FALCPA). FALCPA requires that manufacturers of foods containing one of the eight major allergens responsible for 90 percent of food allergies either state on the ...
Stark Susan S School of Medicine, University of - - 2011
Research pertaining to the nutritional intake of hemodialysis patients is limited. Describe the nutritional quality of foods consumed by hemodialysis patients and variation by day of the week. Dietary recalls were obtained from 22 hemodialysis patients and analyzed using the Nutrition Data System for Research. Few statistically significant differences were ...
Melis Alicia P AP Department of Comparative and Developmental Psychology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Deutscher Platz 6, 04103 Leipzig, Germany. - - 2011
Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) sometimes help both humans and conspecifics in experimental situations in which immediate selfish benefits can be ruled out. However, in several experiments, chimpanzees have not provided food to a conspecific even when it would cost them nothing, leading to the hypothesis that prosociality in the food-provisioning context ...
Brand Larry E - - 2010
Recent studies demonstrate that most cyanobacteria produce the neurotoxin beta-N-methylamino-L-alanine (BMAA) and that it can biomagnify in at least one terrestrial food chain. BMAA has been implicated as a significant environmental risk in the development of neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, and Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS). We ...
Hill Catherine M - - 2010
Nonhuman primates (referred to as primates in this study) are sometimes revered as gods, abhorred as evil spirits, killed for food because they damage crops, or butchered for sport. Primates' perceived similarity to humans places them in an anomalous position. While some human groups accept the idea that primates "straddle" ...
Jerardino Antonieta - - 2010
Systematic collection of shellfish has been increasingly recognized as an important component of human adaptation to aquatic environments and as part of the archaeological evidence found in association with the appearance of early Homo sapiens. Over the last forty years, South Africa has played a prominent role in recording the ...
Yuet-Wan Lok Kris K a Department of Medicine and Therapeutics , Chinese University of Hong Kong , Hong Kong , - - 2010
The objective of the present study was to assess synthetic colours in common snack foods consumed by children and the accuracy of labelling. Dietary exposure to synthetic colours was estimated using food frequency questionnaire data obtained from primary school children in Hong Kong. The concentration of synthetic colours in food ...
Deng Ruitang R Department of Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI 02881, USA. - - 2010
Spirulina is free-floating filamentous microalgae growing in alkaline water bodies. With its high nutritional value, Spirulina has been consumed as food for centuries in Central Africa. It is now widely used as nutraceutical food supplement worldwide. Recently, great attention and extensive studies have been devoted to evaluate its therapeutic benefits ...
Ostan Iztok - - 2010
In developed countries, where the majority of the population has enough income to afford healthy diets, a large number of the inhabitants nevertheless choose unhealthy nutrition. WHO and FAO strategies to overcome this problem are mostly based on educational means. Implicitly, this approach is based on the presumption that the ...
Bakhiya Nadiya - - 2010
Furan is formed during commercial or domestic thermal treatment of food. The initial surveys of furan concentrations in heat-treated foods, published by European and US authorities, revealed the presence of relatively high furan levels in coffee, sauces, and soups. Importantly, furan is consistently found in commercial ready-to-eat baby foods. Furan ...
Hare Brian - - 2010
Comparisons between chimpanzees and humans have led to the hypothesis that only humans voluntarily share their own food with others. However, it is hard to draw conclusions because the food-sharing preferences of our more tolerant relative, the bonobo (Pan paniscus), have never been studied experimentally. We gave unrelated bonobos the ...
Strum Shirley C - - 2010
Ecosystems and habitats are fast becoming human dominated, which means that more species, including primates, are compelled to exploit new human resources to survive and compete. Primate "pests" pose major management and conservation challenges. I here present the results from a unique opportunity to document how well-known individuals and groups ...
Agbonon Amegnona - - 2010
AIM OF THE STUDY: In Africa, medicinal plants are used intensively and concomitantly with allopathic medicines in the treatment of opportunity diseases by many patients or by healthy person to prevent diseases. However, there is little information about the interactions between medicines and botanical products used currently in West Africa ...
Epstein Jenny - - 2010
Curcumin is the active ingredient of turmeric. It is widely used as a kitchen spice and food colorant throughout India, Asia and the Western world. Curcumin is a major constituent of curry powder, to which it imparts its characteristic yellow colour. For over 4000 years, curcumin has been used in ...
D'Hollander Wendy - - 2010
The widespread distribution and degradation of PFCs in the environment results in a very complex exposure pattern, which makes it difficult to define the relative contribution to human exposure from different exposure pathways. The present review is designed to provide an overview of the existing data on levels of PFCs ...
Makrides Maria - - 2010
A variety of systems are used to establish efficacy of food ingredients. Immortal human cell lines have the advantage of rapid throughput and often have the ability to point to mechanisms of action. Transgenic and natural variants of animals (usually rats and mice) have proven to be extremely useful in ...
Fan Peng-Fei - - 2010
We studied the altitudinal ranging of one habituated group of black-crested gibbons (Nomascus concolor) at Dazhaizi, Mt. Wuliang, Yunnan, China, between March 2005 and April 2006. The group ranged from 1,900 to 2,680 m above sea level. Food distribution was the driving force behind the altitudinal ranging patterns of the ...
Szanyi Jason M JM Center for Children's Law and Policy, Washington, DC, - - 2010
Food and drug law presents legislators and policy makers with a powerful tool to inform individual dietary decisions and improve public health: mandatory nutritional labeling. Most Americans report that they consult nutritional information when making food purchases; yet, knowing whether individuals report consulting nutritional information is different than knowing how ...
Delhalle L - - 2009
The risk of human salmonellosis through the consumption of minced pork meat in Belgium was assessed via a modular risk model covering pork meat production from lairage to human consumption. The main goal of the model was to give concrete options to reduce effectively the risk of human salmonellosis through ...
Dzanis David - - 2009
The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Amendments Act of 2007 mandates promulgation of new federal regulations regarding processing, ingredient, and labeling standards for pet foods. Veterinary organizations have submitted comments to assist FDA in this matter. The Association of American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO) is also considering changes that ...
Buttelmann David - - 2009
Although apes understand others' goals and perceptions, little is known about their understanding of others' emotional expressions. We conducted three studies following the general paradigm of Repacholi and colleagues (1997, 1998). In Study 1, a human reacted emotionally to the hidden contents of two boxes, after which the ape was ...
Maiani Giuseppe - - 2009
Carotenoids are one of the major food micronutrients in human diets and the overall objective of this review is to re-examine the role of carotenoids in human nutrition. We have emphasized the attention on the following carotenoids present in food and human tissues: beta-carotene, beta-cryptoxanthin, alpha-carotene, lycopene, lutein and zeaxanthin; ...
Marler Thomas E - - 2009
The bioaccumulation of free and glycosylated forms of stigmasterol and beta-sitosterol were determined from Cycas micronesica K.D. Hill seeds throughout seed ontogeny. Per-seed pool of the four compounds increased linearly from 2 to 24 months, indicating no developmental period elicited a major shift in the rate of bioaccumulation. The slopes ...
Shakur Yaseer A - - 2009
In 1998, the Canadian government mandated folic acid fortification of white flour and enriched grain products to lower the prevalence of neural tube defects. There is now growing concern over the potential harmful effects of too much folic acid on some segments of the population. Given that the actual amount ...
Möhl Katharina - - 2009
Recent incidental background findings of Alaria alata mesocercariae ["Distomum muscularis suis," Duncker, 1896] in meat of wild boars during official Trichinella inspection initiated a re-assessment of the potential human health risk as posed by this parasite. The present review of the literature on Alaria biology shows that the human exposition ...
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