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Results 201 - 250 of 532
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Devlin Niamh F C - - 2012
A growing body of evidence supports the inclusion of whole grain foods in the diet to help prevent certain chronic diseases. Although much of the research has been conducted in adult cohorts, it is thought that younger populations may also benefit from whole-grain-rich diets. The aim of the present study ...
Strike Carol - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Food insecurity and nutrition are two topics that are under-researched among injection drug users (IDUs). Our study examined the extent and correlates of food insecurity among a sample of IDUs and explored whether there is an association between food insecurity and injection-related HIV risk. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey ...
Dowray Sunaina - - 2013
In this study we examined the effect of physical activity based labels on the calorie content of meals selected from a sample fast food menu. Using a web-based survey, participants were randomly assigned to one of four menus which differed only in their labeling schemes (n=802): (1) a menu with ...
Espinoza M - - 2013
The diet and diel feeding behaviour of the banded guitarfish Zapteryx xyster were examined along the Pacific coast of Costa Rica. A sample of 235 stomachs was collected between March 2010 and December 2011 as part of an ongoing shrimp-trawl by-catch monitoring programme. Samples from multiple day and night periods ...
Wagner Ashley E - - 2012
Honey bee foragers form time-memories that enable them to match their foraging activity to the time of day when a particular food source is most productive. Persistent foragers show food-anticipatory activity by making reconnaissance flights to the previously productive food source and may continue to inspect it for several days. ...
Williams Susan L - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The Heart Foundation Tick aims to help consumers make healthier food choices and overcome confusion in understanding food labels. Little is known about what factors differentiate frequent from infrequent users and the effectiveness of this scheme in helping Australians make healthier food choices. DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey was used ...
Blom W Marty - - 2012
BACKGROUND: For most allergenic foods, insufficient threshold dose information within the population restricts the advice on levels of unintended allergenic foods which should trigger precautionary labeling on prepackaged foods. OBJECTIVE: We wanted to derive threshold dose distributions for major allergenic foods and to elaborate the protein doses at which a ...
Sumanac Dunja - - 2012
A recommendation for increased whole grain consumption was released in Canada in 2007 to promote adequate intakes of fibre and magnesium. Since then, a proliferation of 'whole grain' claims on food packaging has been observed, but whole grain labelling is voluntary and unregulated in Canada. Through a detailed survey of ...
Carter O B J - - 2013
Since 2006, the Australian food industry has promoted its front-of-pack (FOP) food labelling system-the Daily Intake Guide (DIG)-as a success story of industry self-regulation. With over 4000 products already voluntary featuring the DIG, the industry argues that government regulation of FOP nutrition labelling is simply unnecessary. However, no independent audit ...
Anglin Judith Camele - - 2012
The obesity epidemic is widely recognized as a major public health issue resulting in chronic diseases. Calorie restriction (CR) is frequently used for most weight loss programs. The intuitive eating (IE) approach uses an individual's response to internal cues of hunger, satiety, and appetite and replaces CR. The study was ...
Ng Shu Wen - - 2012
Our understanding of the use of caloric and noncaloric sweeteners in the US food supply is limited. This study uses full ingredient list and Nutrition Facts label data from Gladson Nutrition Database and nationally representative purchases of consumer packaged foods from Nielsen Homescan in 2005 through 2009 to understand the ...
Shimbo Shinichiro S Kyoto Women's University, Kyoto 605-8501, - - 2013
Dietary intake of tin has seldom been studied in children although they probably have a high intake. This study was initiated to investigate dietary tin intake (Sn-D) of children in Japan. In this study, 24-h food duplicate samples were collected from 296 preschool children in Miyagi prefecture, Japan. Sn in ...
Hodge James G JG - - 2012
The US Food and Drug Administration's forthcoming national menu labeling regulations are designed to help curb the national obesity epidemic by requiring calorie counts on restaurants' menus. However, posted calories can be easily ignored or misunderstood by consumers and fail to accurately describe the healthiness of foods. We propose supplemental ...
Monterrosa Eva C - - 2012
Pre-pregnancy overweight and obesity is associated with shorter breastfeeding (BF) duration. Whether pre-pregnancy overweight and obesity is associated with other aspects of infant and young child feeding (IYCF) has not been investigated. We used data from 370 children born January 1999-September 2001 in a semi-urban community in Morelos, Mexico, where ...
White John - - 2012
Objective: Food labels to support healthier choices are an important potential intervention for improving population health by reducing obesity and diet-related disease. This study examines the use of research evidence about traffic light nutrition labelling in submissions to the Review of Food Labelling Law and Policy conducted in Australia and ...
Claro Rafael Moreira - - 2012
To describe individual attitudes, knowledge, and behavior regarding salt intake, its dietary sources, and current food-labeling practices related to salt and sodium in five sentinel countries of the Americas. A convenience sample of 1 992 adults (≥ 18 years old) from Argentina, Canada, Chile, Costa Rica, and Ecuador (approximately 400 ...
Barbarich-Marsteller Nicole C - - 2012
Activity-based anorexia (ABA) is an animal model of anorexia nervosa that mimics core features of the clinical psychiatric disorder, including severe food restriction, weight loss, and hyperactivity. The ABA model is currently being used to study starvation-induced changes in the brain. Here, we examined hippocampal cell proliferation in animals with ...
Storcksdieck Genannt Bonsmann Stefan - - 2012
Overweight and obesity are major public health problems in the European Union (EU). Providing nutrition information on foods and menus is considered a relevant means to guide consumers toward more healthful food choices, in part characterized by adequate energy intakes to achieve and maintain a healthy body weight. Various formats ...
Kim M K - - 2012
Reduction of dietary sodium by reduction of sodium in foods is a current industry target. Quantitative information on consumer knowledge of sodium and reduction of dietary sodium is limited. The objectives of this study were to characterize consumer knowledge and awareness of sodium and salt reduction in foods. Consumers (n ...
Gillespie B E - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the bulk tank milk (BTM) quality of 9 East Tennessee dairy farms and to determine its relationship with selected quality milk parameters. Bulk tank milk samples (n=1,141) were collected over a 42-mo period (June 2006 through November 2009) from farms, based on ...
Morley Belinda - - 2012
Issue addressed: The study was designed to determine public acceptability of various forms of regulation to support a healthy eating environment. Methods: Telephone interviews were undertaken in June-July 2010 with a random sample of adults in Australia who were the main grocery buyer for their household. Results: Data were analysed ...
Kim Hye-Young - - 2012
This study was performed to investigate the differences in food choice, nutrition labeling perceptions, and prevalence of obesity due to meal skipping in Korean elementary school children. A national survey was performed in 2010 to collect data on food intake frequency, understanding of nutrition labeling, and body mass index from ...
Méjean Caroline - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To identify patterns of perception of front-of-pack (FOP) nutrition labels and to determine social factors, nutritional knowledge and attention to packaging features related to such patterns. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. Perception was measured using indicators of understanding and acceptability of three simple FOP labels (the 'Green Tick', the logo of the ...
Wansink Brian - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Snacks, stress and parties all contribute to the weight gain - the elusive 'Freshman 15' - that some college-goers unfortunately experience. The present study examines how à la carte snack choice changes on a university campus during each progressing week of the academic calendar. DESIGN: How à la carte ...
Vanderlee Lana - - 2012
Increased consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages has contributed to rising obesity levels. Under Canadian law, calories for pre-packaged foods and beverages are presented by serving size; however, serving sizes differ across products and even for the same product in different containers. This study examined consumer understanding of calorie amounts for government ...
Emrich Teri E - - 2012
Both the US Institute of Medicine and the Canadian Standing Committee on Health have called for simple, standardized front-of-package (FOP) nutrition labelling systems on packaged foods. However, despite scientific evidence and expert consensus on the topic, Canada's Minister of Health has dismissed these recommendations, stating that Canadian consumers already have ...
Mudgil Deepak D Department of Food Technology, Guru Jambheshwar University of Science and Technology, Hisar 125001, - - 2012
Depolymerization of guar gum using enzymatic hydrolysis was performed to obtain depolymerized guar gum having functional application as soluble dietary fiber. Enzymatic hydrolysis of guar gum significantly affected the physicochemical and rheological characteristics of guar gum. The depolymerized guar gum showed a significant increase in crystallinity index from 3.86% to ...
Leriche F - - 2012
Freshly drawn raw milk from 37 single herds on farms manufacturing raw cow cheese under the Protected Designation of Origin (PDO) label were sampled over 13mo for pseudomonad counts. Coliforms, somatic cells, and coagulase-positive staphylococci were counted and total fat and protein contents measured. For pseudomonad counts, the overall mean ...
de Assunção Laélia Soares - - 2012
The capability of Pleurotus ostreatus mushroom to accumulate lithium (Li) and the accessibility of this Li compared with lithium carbonate (Li(2)CO(3)), often used as psychiatric medicine, were investigated. Mushrooms were produced on a substrate-based on coffee husk, with different added concentrations of lithium chloride (LiCl). Biological efficiency (BE), the crude ...
Wei Qin Q Key Laboratory of Chemical Sensing & Analysis in Universities of Shandong, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, University of Jinan, Jinan 250022, - - 2012
A label-free amperometric immunosensor based on graphene sheet(GS)-nafion(Nf)/thionine(TH)/Pt nanoparticles modified electrode is proposed for the ultrasensitive detection of kanamycin. The anti-kanamycin antibody was immobilised onto the GS-Nf/TH/Pt modified glassy carbon electrode (GCE) through electrostatic adsorption. TH was selected as an electron transfer mediator, and the synergistic effects among GS, TH ...
Marks Chris - - 2012
Phenotypic flexibility is critical in determining fitness. As conditions change during ontogeny, continued responsiveness is necessary to meet the demands of the environment. Studies have shown that subsequent ontogenetic periods of development can interact with one another and shape developmental outcomes. The role genetic variation within populations plays in shaping ...
Roberto Christina A CA The Rudd Center for Food Policy and Obesity, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511, USA. - - 2012
Governments throughout the world are using or considering various front-of-package (FOP) food labeling systems to provide nutrition information to consumers. Our web-based study tested consumer understanding of different FOP labeling systems. Adult participants (N = 480) were randomized to 1 of 5 groups to evaluate FOP labels: 1) no label; ...
Rossi Damiano D Dipartimento Scienze della Vita e Biotecnologie-SVEB, UR7 Terra&Acqua Tech-Università di Ferrara, Corso Ercole I d'Este 32, 44121 Ferrara, - - 2012
Fourteen brands of resveratrol-containing nutraceuticals were evaluated in order to verify their actual resveratrol content and to control if their health-promoting properties are related to manufacturing quality. Products included pure resveratrol capsules or multi-ingredient formulations with standardized amounts of resveratrol and other phytochemicals. Samples were analyzed for total trans-resveratrol, flavonoids, ...
Fuller Nicholas R NR The Boden Institute of Obesity, Nutrition, Exercise & Eating Disorders, The University of Sydney, Australia. Electronic - - 2012
South Korea has a significantly lower prevalence of overweight and obesity compared to Western countries. This may be due to differences between the traditional Korean diet (KD) and western diet (WD). Our study investigated whether a Western population would accept a KD, compared to a WD, in a weight ...
Malek Mahdavi Aida A Student Research Committee, Faculty of Health & Nutrition, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, - - 2012
Considering the significant role of consumers' awareness about food labels in making healthy food choices, this study was designed to assess the knowledge, attitude and prac¬tice of university students about food labeling. In this cross-sectional study, 332 students aged 18-25 yr in five different academic majors (including Nutrition, Public Health, ...
Hernes Sigrunn S Department of Public Health, Sport and Nutrition, Faculty of Health and Sports, University of Agder, Kristiansand, - - 2012
The association between diet and CVD cannot be assigned to a single nutrient, but rather to a set of nutrients and non-nutrients, and eating pattern analyses have become an important tool in investigation of this relationship. Our objective was to investigate eating patterns in relation to nutrient intake and serum ...
Nkere Chukwuemeka K - - 2011
Bacterial count in prepared food or water is a key factor in assessing the quality and safety of food. It also reveals the level of hygiene adopted by food handlers in the course of preparation of such foods. This comparative study evaluated the bacteriological quality of food and water consumed ...
McMillan Dayton - - 2011
Nuclear accidents and access to radiological weapons for terrorist organizations and countries with hostile intentions towards the United States are realistic scenarios in the current global landscape. A dispersion of radionuclides can result from a nuclear weapon detonation or from a nuclear accident occurring in facilities handling or using radioactive ...
Born Jurriaan M JM Top Institute Food and Nutrition, Wageningen, Netherlands. - - 2011
Eating behavior is determined, to a significant extent, by the rewarding value of food (ie, liking and wanting). We determined brain regions involved in liking and wanting and related brain signaling to body mass index (BMI; in kg/m(2)) and dietary restraint. Fifteen normal-weight female subjects [mean ± SEM age: 21.5 ...
Ollberding Nicholas Jay - - 2011
Rates of diet-related chronic disease combined with the lack of current data on patterns of food label use by the US population warrant re-examination of the use and potential influence of this public health tool. The purpose of this study was to describe the prevalence of food label use and ...
Temple Jennifer L - - 2011
Increased visibility of food labels is a potential method to reduce the rate of obesity. However, few empirical studies have investigated the impact of nutrition labeling on food selection or energy intake. This study tested the hypothesis that nutrition labeling in combination with nutrition label education would promote reductions in ...
Schwaiger Karin - - 2011
A total of 1,001 vegetables were collected from 13 farms and 11 supermarkets in Bavaria, Germany; 722 samples were positive for coliforms (mostly Enterobacter cloacae; n = 176). Escherichia coli were detected in 34, Pseudomonas spp. in 439, Salmonella spp. in 1, Enterococcus spp. in 682, and Listeria spp. in 11 samples. ...
Deng Suo - - 2011
Family circumstance has long been considered one important factor that shapes children's eating habits including preferences for particular foods. However, less scholarly efforts have been devoted to understanding children's food preferences in extended family households. Drawn on data from the China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS) 2006 (n = 662), ...
Abhary Mohammad - - 2011
Although calorie dense, the starchy, tuberous roots of cassava provide the lowest sources of dietary protein within the major staple food crops (Manihot esculenta Crantz). (Montagnac JA, Davis CR, Tanumihardjo SA. (2009) Compr Rev Food Sci Food Saf 8:181-194). Cassava was genetically modified to express zeolin, a nutritionally balanced storage ...
Roses Jonathan B JB Intellectual Property Department at Wilmer Cutler Pickering Hale and Dorr - - 2011
In 2004, Congress mandated labeling of food allergens on packaged foods for the first time by passing the Food Allergen Labeling and Consumer Protection Act (FALCPA). FALCPA requires that manufacturers of foods containing one of the eight major allergens responsible for 90 percent of food allergies either state on the ...
Stark Susan S School of Medicine, University of - - 2011
Research pertaining to the nutritional intake of hemodialysis patients is limited. Describe the nutritional quality of foods consumed by hemodialysis patients and variation by day of the week. Dietary recalls were obtained from 22 hemodialysis patients and analyzed using the Nutrition Data System for Research. Few statistically significant differences were ...
Melis Alicia P AP Department of Comparative and Developmental Psychology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Deutscher Platz 6, 04103 Leipzig, Germany. - - 2011
Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) sometimes help both humans and conspecifics in experimental situations in which immediate selfish benefits can be ruled out. However, in several experiments, chimpanzees have not provided food to a conspecific even when it would cost them nothing, leading to the hypothesis that prosociality in the food-provisioning context ...
Brand Larry E - - 2010
Recent studies demonstrate that most cyanobacteria produce the neurotoxin beta-N-methylamino-L-alanine (BMAA) and that it can biomagnify in at least one terrestrial food chain. BMAA has been implicated as a significant environmental risk in the development of neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, and Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS). We ...
Hill Catherine M - - 2010
Nonhuman primates (referred to as primates in this study) are sometimes revered as gods, abhorred as evil spirits, killed for food because they damage crops, or butchered for sport. Primates' perceived similarity to humans places them in an anomalous position. While some human groups accept the idea that primates "straddle" ...
Jerardino Antonieta - - 2010
Systematic collection of shellfish has been increasingly recognized as an important component of human adaptation to aquatic environments and as part of the archaeological evidence found in association with the appearance of early Homo sapiens. Over the last forty years, South Africa has played a prominent role in recording the ...
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