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Sonnenberg Lillian - - 2013
We surveyed customers in a hospital cafeteria in Boston, Massachusetts before and after implementation of traffic light food labeling to determine the effect of labels on customers' awareness and purchase of healthy foods. Cafeteria items were identified as red (unhealthy), yellow (less healthy), or green (healthy). Customers were interviewed before ...
Elbel Brian B Department of Population Health, School of Medicine, New York University, New York, NY 10016, USA. - - 2013
To induce consumers to purchase healthier foods and beverages, some policymakers have suggested special taxes or labels on unhealthy products. The potential of such policies is unknown. In a controlled field experiment, researchers tested whether consumers were more likely to purchase healthy products under such policies. From October to December ...
Robertson Orla N - - 2013
Peanut allergy affects up to 2% of consumers and is responsible for the majority of fatalities caused by food-induced anaphylaxis. Peanut-containing products must be clearly labelled. Manufacturers are not legally required to label peanut if its inclusion resulted from unintentional cross contact with foods manufactured in the same facility. However, ...
Just David R - - 2013
Labels such as 'Large' or 'Super-size' are often used to describe portion sizes. How do these normative labels influence consumer choice and how much they ultimately either consume or waste? Although one might believe that firms use normative labels to impact choice behavior through loss aversion, a field experiment shows ...
Aziz Alfred A Nutrition Research Division and the Nutrition Regulations and Standards Division, Bureau of Nutritional Sciences, Food Directorate, Health Products and Food Branch, Health Canada, Ottawa, Canada. - - 2013
The glycemic index (GI) is a system that ranks foods according to the blood glucose-increasing potential of servings of foods that provide the same amount of available carbohydrate. The GI was originally developed as a tool for carbohydrate exchange in the dietary management of glycemia in persons with diabetes, and ...
Swartz Jonas J - - 2013
BACKGROUND: This study used focus groups to pilot and evaluate a new nutrition label format and refine the label design. Physical activity equivalent labels present calorie information in terms of the amount of physical activity that would be required to expend the calories in a specified food item. METHODS: Three ...
Krieger James W - - 2013
The federal menu labeling law will require chain restaurants to post caloric information on menus, but the impact of labeling is uncertain. The goal of the current study was to examine the effect of menu labeling on calories purchased, and secondarily, to assess self-reported awareness and use of labels. Single-community ...
Hachinohe Mayumi - - 2013
We investigated the fate of radioactive cesium ((134)Cs plus (137)Cs) during the production of tofu, natto, and nimame (boiled soybean) from a contaminated Japanese soybean cultivar harvested in FY2011. Tofu, natto, and nimame were made from soybean grains containing radioactive cesium (240 to 340 Bq/kg [dry weight]), and the radioactive ...
Rosentreter Simone C - - 2013
Objective: To assess the application of Multiple Traffic Light (MTL) nutrition labels and the Food Standards Australia New Zealand (FSANZ) Nutrient Profiling Standard Calculator (NPSC) to foods and their agreement in classification of foods. Methods: MTL and NPSC criteria were applied to selected packaged food products available in New Zealand ...
Keith Diana R - - 2013
The circadian timing system influences a vast array of behavioral responses. Substantial evidence indicates a role for the circadian system in regulating reward processing. Here we explore time of day effects on drug anticipation, locomotor activity, and voluntary methamphetamine (MA) and food intake in animals with ad libitum food access. ...
Di Pinto Angela - - 2013
The Italian Ministry of Agricultural, Food and Forestry Policies (MiPAAF) Decree dated 31 January 2008, which reports the Italian name for fish species of commercial interest, establishes that baccalà can be obtained exclusively from G. macrocephalus (Pacific cod) and G. morhua (Atlantic cod). This paper describes the COI-based DNA identification ...
Babio Nancy - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To compare, in adolescents, two models of front-of-pack Guideline Daily Amounts (GDA) labels in terms of (i) friendliness and acceptance and (ii) the ability to choose a diet that closely follows the nutritional recommendations. DESIGN: A randomized cross-over study was designed to compare two simplified front-of-pack GDA nutrition labels. ...
Waterlander Wilma E - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Two strategies commonly recommended to improve population diets include food labels and food taxes/subsidies. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of both strategies separately and in combination. FINDINGS: An experiment with a 3x3 factorial design was conducted, including: three levels of price reduction (10%; 25%; ...
Laaksonen K S - - 2013
Ad libitum (AL) feeding of rats leads to obesity and increased result variability, as well as premature morbidity and mortality. It may also alter metabolism and responses to foreign compounds. Moderate dietary restriction (DR) reduces these untoward effects without compromising the sensitivity of rodent bioassays. The diet board (DB) is ...
Petersen Kristina S - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Sodium intake is high in people with type 2 diabetes (T2DM). The aim of this study was to investigate whether urinary sodium excretion can be reduced by educating people with T2DM to read food labels and choose low sodium products. METHOD: In a three month randomised controlled trial, 78 ...
Wu Mei-Yi - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Foods with low glycaemic index (LGI) are reported to suppress appetite mainly in overweight population but have not been investigated in athletic adults. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the short-term effects of LGI and high GI (HGI) meals over a day on subsequent subjective appetite ...
McLean Rachael - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Dietary sodium reduction is an important public health intervention that would reduce blood pressure and chronic disease. An understanding of how New Zealand consumers' food purchasing behaviour is influenced by perceptions of dietary sodium will inform future sodium-reduction strategies. DESIGN: The present qualitative study used in-depth interviews of adult ...
Ebneter Daria S DS Department of Psychology, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Sakamaki C400, 2530 Dole Street, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA. - - 2013
The present study examined whether low-fat labeling and caloric information affect food intake, calorie estimates, taste preference, and health perceptions. Participants included 175 female undergraduate students who were randomly assigned to one of four experimental conditions. A 2×2 between subjects factorial design was used in which the fat content label ...
Zendehdel Morteza - - 2013
The present study was designed to examine the effects of intracerebroventricular injection of para-chlorophenylalanine (PCPA) (cerebral serotonin depletive), fluoxetine (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor), 8-OH-DPAT (5-HT1A autoreceptor agonist) and SB 242084 (5-HT2c receptor antagonist) on nociceptin/orphanin FQ (N/OFQ) induced feeding response in chickens. A guide cannula was surgically implanted into the ...
Le Donne Cinzia - - 2013
Abstract Dietary exposure assessment to flavourings presents a challenge due to the very large number of food products in which they may be present and the lack of knowledge of their actual presence. Industry claims to be adding more than 2800 different chemically defined flavourings in the European Union (EU). ...
Verbeke Wim - - 2013
This paper reports on halal credence quality coordination and Muslim consumers' willingness to buy and pay for certified halal labelled meat at the supermarket and the Islamic butcher. Cross-sectional data were collected through a survey with 202 Muslim consumers in Belgium. Findings indicate that more acculturated and female consumers are ...
Pettigrew Simone - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To explore the role of food labeling among low-income families with overweight children. DESIGN: A longitudinal, qualitative study involving interviews, focus groups, and self-introspections. SETTING: Perth, Western Australia. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-seven low-income parents (35 mothers, 2 fathers) of overweight children. Recruitment was performed by a social research company to access ...
Loy See-Ling - - 2013
Abstract This study aimed to assess the relative validity of maternal dietary patterns derived from a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire (FFQ). A total of 162 pregnant women aged 19-40-years-old were enrolled from the Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM) Birth Cohort Study in year 2010 and 2011. The FFQ was compared with ...
Smith Lindsey P - - 2013
BACKGROUND: It has been well-documented that Americans have shifted towards eating out more and cooking at home less. However, little is known about whether these trends have continued into the 21st century, and whether these trends are consistent amongst low-income individuals, who are increasingly the target of public health programs ...
Biesalski Hans Konrad HK University of Hohenheim, Stuttgart, - - 2013
Nutrients can be classified as either "essential" or "non-essential," the latter are also termed bioactive substances. Whereas the absence of essential nutrients from the diet results in overt deficiency often times with moderate to severe physiological decrements, the absence of bioactive substances from the diet results in suboptimal health. Nutrient ...
Morley Belinda - - 2013
This study assessed whether the inclusion of kilojoule labelling alone or accompanied by further nutrition information on menus led adults to select less energy-dense fast food meals. A between-subjects experimental design was used with online menu boards systematically varied to test the following labelling conditions: none (control); kilojoule; kilojoule + ...
Carr Katelyn A - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Food reinforcement is cross-sectionally related to body mass index and energy intake in adults, and prospectively predicts weight gain in children, but there has not been any research studying food reinforcement as a predictor of adult weight gain. DESIGN AND METHODS: This study examined whether the relative reinforcing value ...
Ulca Pelin - - 2013
The method performance characteristics of commercially available PCR kits for animal species identification were established. Comminuted meat products containing different levels of pork were prepared from authentic beef, chicken, and turkey. These meat products were analysed in the raw state and after cooking for 20min at 200°C. For both raw ...
Duffey K J - - 2013
Background/Objectives:Snacking has increased globally. We examine snacking patterns and common snack foods in Brazil.Subjects/Methods:Data from the first of two non-consecutive food diaries from 34 003 individuals (aged 10 years) in the first Brazillian nationally representative dietary survey (2008-2009) were used. Meals were defined as the largest (kcal) eating event reported during ...
Zurzolo Giovanni A - - 2013
AIMS: We aimed to assess the prevalence and types of precautionary labelling statements for common food allergens on the packages of products for which these allergens were not listed as an ingredient and to investigate the uptake of the Voluntary Incidental Trace Allergen Labelling, a new risk management tool developed ...
Boyland Emma J - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether exposure to celebrity endorsement in television (TV) food advertising and a nonfood context would affect ad libitum intake of the endorsed product and a perceived alternative brand. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 181 children from the UK aged 8-11 years viewed 1 of the following embedded ...
Stran Kimberly A - - 2013
Many Americans have replaced home-cooked meals with fast food and restaurants meals. This contributes to increased incidences of overweight and obesity. Implementing policies that require restaurants to disclose nutrition information has the potential to improve nutrition knowledge and food behaviors. The purpose of this paper was to examine the potential ...
Vijaykumar Santosh - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Examining factors influencing food label use among Singapore's supermarket shoppers using the Theory of Planned Behavior. DESIGN: A point-of-purchase survey among general shoppers in 2 supermarkets. SETTING: Singapore, a country whose population is exposed to a wide range of food labeling formats because of the import-dependent nature of the ...
Saarela Anna-Maria - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to explore how the behaviour of consumers changed while they selected food in a supermarket environment after they were reminded about weight management. This investigation was carried out from the perspective of selection criteria, reading of package labels, nutritional quality of the products selected and time ...
Schuldt Jonathon P - - 2013
The food industry has recently implemented numerous front-of-package nutrition labels to readily convey key aspects a food product's nutritional profile to consumers (e.g., calories and fat content). Although seemingly well-intentioned, such labels might lead consumers to perceive relatively poor nutrition foods in a healthier light. The present research explores whether ...
Grabenhorst Fabian - - 2013
Food labeling is the major health policy strategy to counter rising obesity rates. Based on traditional economic theory, such strategies assume that detailed nutritional information will necessarily help individuals make better, healthier choices. However, in contrast to the well-known utility of labels in food marketing, evidence for the efficacy of ...
Stran Kimberly A - - 2013
Although the Nutrition Facts label has been a requirement on food packages for more than 20 years, few studies have conducted comprehensive assessments of food label use. The purpose of this study was to assess the demographic and psychosocial correlates of food label use using a comprehensive approach. A sample ...
Schindler Jennifer J BLH Technologies, Inc, Rockville, MD, - - 2013
Obesity is a prominent public health concern that disproportionally affects low-income and minority populations. Recent policies mandating the posting of calories on menus in fast-food chain restaurants have not proven to uniformly influence food choice. This qualitative research study used focus groups to study individual and environmental factors affecting the ...
Auchincloss Amy H - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Numerous localities have mandated that chain restaurants post nutrition information at the point of purchase. However, some studies suggest that consumers are not highly responsive to menu labelling. The present qualitative study explored influences on full-service restaurant customers' noticing and using menu labelling. DESIGN: Five focus groups were conducted ...
Hogan Lindsay A - - 2013
This study examined the spatial defecation patterns of numbats within captivity and tested the efficacy of a food colorant as a fecal marker in this species. Rather than randomly distributing scats throughout their environment, the numbats aggregated their feces at specific sites forming latrines. It is unclear whether the strong ...
Downs Shauna M - - 2013
To systematically review evidence for the effectiveness of policies, including self-regulation, aimed at reducing industrially produced trans fatty acids (TFAs) in food. The Medline, Embase and Cinahl databases were searched to identify peer-reviewed articles examining the effect of TFA policies. In addition, the first 20 pages of Google searches were ...
Lando Amy M - - 2013
The Food and Drug Administration is considering changes to the Nutrition Facts label to help consumers make more healthful choices. To examine the effects of modifications to the Nutrition Facts label on foods that can be listed as having 1 or 2 servings per container, but are reasonably consumed at ...
Fryer Cheryl D - - 2013
Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey During 2007-2010, adults consumed, on average, 11.3% of their total daily calories from fast food. The consumption of calories from fast food significantly decreased with age. Non-Hispanic black adults consumed a higher percentage of calories from fast food compared with non-Hispanic ...
Verrill L - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Individuals with coeliac disease (CD) and those with noncoeliac gluten sensitivity (GS) have reported difficulty following a gluten-free diet (GFD); however, few studies have explored the link between the food label, gluten-free (GF) claims and the difficulty associated with following a GFD. METHODS: The present study surveyed adults with ...
White Bonnie A - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Prior research has focused on the association between negative affect and eating behaviour, often utilizing laboratory or cross-sectional study designs. These studies have inherent limitations, and the association between positive affect and eating behaviour remains relatively unexplored. Therefore, the objective of this study was to investigate the bidirectional relationships ...
Sakaridis Ioannis - - 2013
The substitution of high priced meat with low cost ones and the fraudulent labeling of meat products make the identification and traceability of meat species and their processed products in the food chain important. A polymerase chain reaction followed by a High Resolution Melting (HRM) analysis was developed for species ...
Hughes Clare - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Proposed Australian regulation of claims on food labels includes requirements for products carrying a health claim to meet nutrient profiling criteria. This would not apply to nutrition content claims. The present study investigated the number and healthiness of products carrying claims and the impact of the proposed regulation. DESIGN: ...
Antúnez Lucía - - 2013
The aim of this work was to evaluate consumer visual processing of food labels when evaluating the salt content of pan bread labels and to study the influence of label design and nutritional labelling format on consumer attention. A total of 16 pan bread labels, designed according to a full ...
Collins Clare E - - 2013
The ability of parents to accurately report energy intake in toddlers has rarely been validated using the gold-standard doubly labeled water (DLW) method to assess total energy expenditure (TEE). The aim of the study was to evaluate the accuracy of toddler energy intake (EI), estimated using the Australian Child and ...
Betoko A - - 2013
Background/Objectives:Early eating patterns and behaviors can determine later eating habits and food preferences and they have been related to the development of childhood overweight and obesity. We aimed to identify patterns of feeding in the first year of life and to examine their associations with family characteristics.Subjects/Methods:Our analysis included 1004 ...
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