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Neveu Rémi R CNRS, UMR5292, INSERM, U1028, Université Lyon 1, Université de Lyon, Neuroscience Research Center, Team Olfaction: from coding to memory, Lyon, F-69366, France; Praxis, Ville-la-Grand, - - 2014
The role of planning in binge eating episodes is unknown. We investigated the characteristics of planning associated with food cues in binging patients. We studied planning based on backward reasoning, reasoning that determines a sequence of actions back to front from the final outcome. A cross-sectional study was conducted with ...
Di Cerbo Alessandro A Poliambulatorio del Secondo Parere. Department of Consultation and Coordination. Viale Reiter 14. 41225 Modena. Italy.. - - 2014
Great interest is raising in food intolerances due to the lack, in many cases, of a particular sensitizing agent. We investigated the serum level of possible new haptens in 15 heavy meat consumers for sport fitness affected by various kinds of food intolerance and who had ever been administered antibiotics ...
Schulkes Karlijn Jg KJ Department of Dermatology/Allergology, University Medical Center Utrecht, PO Box 85500, Utrecht 3508, GA the - - 2014
Fish is an important cause of food allergy. Studies on fish allergy are scarce and in most cases limited to serological evaluation. Our objective was to study patterns of self-reported allergy and tolerance to different commonly consumed fish species and its correlation to IgE sensitization to the same species. Thirty-eight ...
Allen Katrina J KJ Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Department of Allergy and Immunology, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia ; Department of Paediatrics, Royal Children's Hospital, Parkville, Australia ; Institute of Inflammation and Repair, Manchester Academic Health Sciences Centre, Manchester Institute of Biotechnology, The University of Manchester, Manchester, - - 2014
Food allergy appears to be on the rise with the current mainstay of treatment centred on allergen avoidance. Mandatory allergen labelling has improved the safety of food for allergic consumers. However an additional form of voluntary labelling (termed precautionary allergen labelling) has evolved on a wide range of packaged goods, ...
Burgoine Thomas T UKCRC Centre for Diet and Activity Research, Medical Research Council (MRC) Epidemiology Unit, University of Cambridge School of Clinical Medicine, Box 285, Institute of Metabolic Science, Cambridge Biomedical Campus, Cambridge CB2 0QQ, - - 2014
To examine the association between environmental exposure to takeaway food outlets, takeaway food consumption, and body weight, while accounting for home, work place, and commuting route environments. Population based, cross sectional study, using data on individual participants' diet and weight, and objective metrics of food environment exposure. Working adults participating ...
Davinelli S S Giovanni Scapagnini, Department of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Molise, Campobasso 86100, Italy, - - 2014
There is growing support that environmental influences and individual genetic susceptibility may increase the incidence and accelerate the onset of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Epigenetic mechanisms encompass a complex regulatory network of modifications with considerable impact on health and disease risk. Abnormal epigenetic regulation is a hallmark in many pathological conditions ...
Magno Fernanda Cristina Carvalho Mattos FC Hospital Universitário Clementino Fraga Filho, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, - - 2014
Along with the augmentation in obesity rates in recent years, the demand for bariatric surgery has startlingly increased. Nutritional counseling in the preoperative period is very important because it contributes to higher success rate in the post-operative period. To assess the nutritional status of patients in a multidisciplinary program for ...
Ghisolfi A A A. Ghisolfi, Gérontopôle, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Toulouse, France, - - 2014
The aim of the study was to validate the Calorie Intake Tool (CIT), a new tool to estimate energy intake. 100 patients older than 75 were randomly selected in seven geriatric units at Toulouse University Hospital. Energy intake was calculated for each subject with the CIT and by weighing the ...
Lichtenstein Alice H AH Cardiovascular Nutrition Laboratory, Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center, Tufts University, Boston, MA (AHL); the Clinical Nutrition Department, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX (JSC); the Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT (RKJ); the Department of Nutritional Sciences, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA (PMK-E); the American Heart Association, Dallas, TX (AP, LR, KFS, and DKV); and the Nutrition Impact LLC, Battle Creek, MI - - 2013
Front-of-pack labeling systems may provide additional guidance to that already available to facilitate the identification of foods that improve diet quality. We examined the association between choosing foods that meet criteria of an established front-of-pack labeling system with food-group and nutrient intakes and cardiometabolic risk factors. The association between the ...
Lassen A D AD Division of Nutrition, National Food Institute, Technical University of Denmark, Denmark. Electronic address: - - 2013
Healthier meal selections at restaurants and canteens are often limited and not actively promoted. In this Danish study the effectiveness of a healthy labelling certification program in improving dietary intake and influencing edible plate waste was evaluated in a quasi-experimental study design. Employees from an intervention worksite canteen and a ...
Ahmadi Afsane A Department of Nutrition, School of Health and Nutrition, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, - - 2013
Knowing the level of consumers' nutritional knowledge is useful for promoting dietary habits. The aim of this study was to assess women's nutritional knowledge and their food label perception and their correlates. Three hundred and eighty Women referring to four large supermarkets in Shiraz were selected for this study. Data ...
Auchincloss Amy H - - 2013
In 2010, Philadelphia enacted a menu-labeling law requiring full-service restaurant chains to list values for calories, sodium, fat, and carbohydrates for each item on all printed menus. The goal of the study was to determine whether purchase decisions at full-service restaurants varied depending on the presence of labeling. In August ...
Pettersson Stefan - - 2013
Weight category athletes are known for practicing rapid weight loss prior to competition weigh-in. After weigh-in, athletes strive to restore euhydration and body mass through food and fluid intake. The aim of the present study was to assess prevalence of hypohydration at competition time among elite athletes' in four different ...
Condon-Paoloni Deanne D School of Health Sciences, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, NSW 2522, - - 2013
Health and related claims on food labels can support consumer education initiatives that encourage purchase of healthier foods. A new food Standard on Nutrition, Health and Related Claims became law in January 2013. Implementation will need careful monitoring and enforcement to ensure that claims are truthful and have meaning. The ...
Henkin Robert I RI Center for Molecular Nutrition and Sensory Disorders, The Taste and Smell Clinic, Washington, District of Columbia, USA. Electronic address: - - 2013
Smell loss (hyposmia) inhibits flavor perception and influences food intake. To compensate for flavor loss, some patients with hyposmia appear to increase salt usage. The purpose of this study was to compare self-reported salt usage in patients with hyposmia with that in normal volunteers. Salt usage was compared in 56 ...
Diouf Friederike - - 2013
To get a more realistic estimation of food additive intake for toddlers and children a German database on occurrence of food additives was created. It uses consumption data of two recent national nutrition surveys for toddlers and children in combination with qualitative information of food additive occurrence in the consumed ...
Gregori Dario - - 2013
Abstract Nutrition labels on pre-packaged foods have been widely used as a medium to foster healthier eating habits in the general population, to contribute to a reduction in the incidence and prevalence of diet-related conditions. Yet, there is no convincing evidence that food labels are an effective means to achieve ...
Gendel Steven M - - 2013
To avoid potentially life-threatening reactions, food allergic consumers rely on information on food labels to help them avoid exposure to a food or ingredient that could trigger a reaction. To help consumers in the United States obtain the information that they need, the Food Allergen Labeling and Consumer Protection Act ...
Okuda Nagako - - 2013
Salt reduction is one of the most important lifestyle modifications for the prevention of hypertension. The health promotion law regulates the labeling of the nutrient content of food in Japan and, the level of sodium, not salt (sodium chloride), has to be printed on the labels of manufactured foods. In ...
Toepel Ulrike - - 2013
The influence of external factors on food preferences and choices is poorly understood. Knowing which and how food-external cues impact the sensory processing and cognitive valuation of food would provide a strong benefit toward a more integrative understanding of food intake behavior and potential means of interfering with deviant eating ...
Dodds Pennie P The University of Newcastle, Faculty of Health, School of Medicine and Public Health, c/o Locked Bag 10, Wallsend NSW 2287. Electronic address: - - 2013
Labelling of food from fast food restaurants at point-of-purchase has been suggested as one strategy to reduce population energy consumption and contribute to reductions in obesity prevalence. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of energy and single traffic light labelling systems on the energy content of ...
Miura Katsuyuki - - 2013
In this section of the Report of the Salt Reduction Committee of the Japanese Society of Hypertension, the target level of dietary salt reduction and its scientific evidence, present status of salt consumption in Japan, salt-reducing measures/guidance methods in individuals and population strategies to reduce salt intake are introduced. In ...
Emrich Teri E TE a Department of Nutritional Sciences, FitzGerald Building, University of Toronto, 150 College Street, Toronto, ON M5S 3E2, - - 2014
Preferences for, and consumer friendliness of, front-of-pack (FOP) nutrition rating systems have not been studied in a Canadian population, and studies comparing systems that are accompanied by mandatory labelling, such as Canada's Nutrition Facts table (NFt), are lacking. The purpose of this study was to evaluate 4 FOP systems relative ...
Colón-Ramos Uriyoán - - 2013
The World Health Organization (WHO) has deemed that there is enough evidence to recommend the elimination of industrially produced trans-fatty acids (TFA) from the food supply. This article evaluates government-led public health strategies in countries in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC), and factors perceived to affect following WHO's recommendation ...
Elbel Brian - - 2013
Obesity is a pressing public health problem without proven population-wide solutions. Researchers sought to determine whether a city-mandated policy requiring calorie labeling at fast food restaurants was associated with consumer awareness of labels, calories purchased and fast food restaurant visits. Difference-in-differences design, with data collected from consumers outside fast food ...
Temple Norman J NJ Centre for Science, Athabasca University, Alberta, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
Foods sold in packages have both front-of-package (FOP) labels and back-of-package (BOP) labels. The aim of this review is to determine the role they play in informing consumers as to the composition of foods in order to help select a healthy diet. Recent literature was evaluated and findings combined with ...
Watson Wendy L - - 2013
There is evidence that easily accessible, comprehensible and consistent nutrient information on the front of packaged foods could assist shoppers to make healthier food choices. This study used an online questionnaire of 4357 grocery shoppers to examine Australian shoppers' ability to use a range of front-of-pack labels to identify healthier ...
Wolever T M S - - 2013
Recently Health Canada (HC) published its opinion that including glycemic index (GI) values on food labels would be misleading and not add value to nutrition labeling and dietary guidelines to help consumers make healthier food choices. Important areas of concern were identified by HC, but the discussion of them is ...
Hammond David - - 2013
Food consumed outside the home accounts for a growing proportion of the North American diet and has been associated with increased obesity. To examine the effect of nutrition labeling on menus on awareness, use, and food consumption, including the impact of "traffic light" labeling and adding other nutrients. Blinded, randomized ...
Vlachos Antonios A a School of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Agriculture, Ichthyology and Aquatic Environment , University of Thessaly , Fytoko St, 38446 Nea Ionia Magnesias , Volos , Hellas , - - 2013
Abstract Adulteration of foods is a serious economic problem concerning most foodstuffs, and in particular meat products. Since high-priced meat demand premium prices, producers of meat-based products might be tempted to blend these products with lower cost meat. Moreover, the labelled meat contents may not be met. Both types of ...
Rayner M - - 2013
Food labelling on food packaging has the potential to have both positive and negative effects on diets. Monitoring different aspects of food labelling would help to identify priority policy options to help people make healthier food choices. A taxonomy of the elements of health-related food labelling is proposed. A systematic ...
Pollard Christina M - - 2013
Objective: To investigate the level of support among Western Australian adults for food control policies to improve diet, reduce obesity and protect the environment. Methods: Attitudes towards government food control policies on food labelling, food advertising, and the supply of environmentally friendly food data were pooled from two Nutrition Monitoring ...
Wu Helen W - - 2013
The food environment shapes individual diets, and as food options change, energy and sodium intake may also shift. Understanding whether and how restaurant menus evolve in response to labeling laws and public health pressures could inform future efforts to improve the food environment. To track changes in the energy and ...
Corvalán Camila - - 2013
In July 12 2012, the Chilean Senate approved the Law of Food Labeling and Advertising, resulting from the joint efforts of a group of health professionals, researchers, and legislators who proposed a regulatory framework in support of healthy diets and active living. Its goal was to curb the ongoing epidemic ...
Saha Snehasree - - 2013
To assess knowledge and use of label information among adolescents. A cross-sectional study was conducted among adolescents (N = 316) from 6 schools selected randomly using cluster sampling. A pre-coded questionnaire was used to assess frequently consumed packaged foods, whether label information was read, knowledge of symbols, and usefulness of ...
Champagne Catherine M - - 2013
Because day-to-day food intake varies, we tested the hypothesis that ad libitum food intake and energy expenditure show corrective responses over periods of 1 to 10 days in healthy young women. Food intake and accelerometry measurements were collected daily for 17 days in 15 young women. Total daily energy expenditure ...
Roseman Mary G - - 2013
In the United States (US), based on the 2010 Affordable Care Act, restaurant chains and similar retail food establishments with 20 or more locations are required to begin implementing calorie information on their menus. As enacting of the law begins, it is important to understand its potential for improving consumers' ...
Waly Mostafa I - - 2013
Adequate dietary intake is crucial for optimum training and performance of athletes. There is almost no available information related to dietary practices among Omani athletes, especially during the competition. This study aimed to assess the nutritional practices (nutritional knowledge, eating habits and daily nutrients intake) among Omani male handball athletes ...
Kole Jon J Triple Board Program, Rhode Island Hospital/Bradley Hospital, Brown University , Providence, Rhode - - 2013
Current regulation of caffeine-containing products is incoherent, fails to protect consumers' interests, and should be modified in multiple ways. We make the case for one of the regulatory reforms that are needed: all consumable products containing added caffeine should be required by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to include ...
Remington Benjamin C - - 2013
Foods with advisory labeling (i.e. "may contain") continue to be prevalent and the warning may be increasingly ignored by allergic consumers. We sought to determine the residual levels of peanut in various packaged foods bearing advisory labeling, compare similar data from 2005 and 2009, and determine any potential risk for ...
Allen Katrina J - - 2013
There has been a dramatic proliferation of precautionary labeling by manufacturers to mitigate the perceived risk from low-level contamination from allergens in food. This has resulted in a significant reduction in choice of potentially safe foods for allergic consumers. We aimed to establish reference doses for 11 commonly allergenic foods ...
Vemula Sudershan R - - 2013
To study consumer knowledge and use of food labels. A cross-sectional study employing both quantitative and qualitative methods. Intercept interviews were conducted with 1832 consumers at supermarket sites selected using a stratified random sampling procedure. This information was triangulated with twenty-one focus group discussions. New Delhi and Hyderabad, two metro-cities ...
Gesser-Edelsburg Anat - - 2013
Nutritional labeling helps consumers make healthier choices regarding food product purchases. In this study, we examined the difference between immigrants from the former Soviet Union who emigrated to Israel beginning in 1990 (IIFSU) and the general population of Israel regarding food consumption broadly and the use of nutritional labeling specifically. ...
De la Casa Luis G - - 2013
Latent Inhibition (LI), operationally defined as the reduced conditioned response to a stimulus that has been preexposed before conditioning, seems to be determined by the interaction of different processes that includes attentional, associative, memory, motivational, and emotional factors. In this paper we focused on the role of deprivation level on ...
- - 2013
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA or we) is issuing a final rule to define the term "gluten-free'' for voluntary use in the labeling of foods. The final rule defines the term "gluten-free'' to mean that the food bearing the claim does not contain an ingredient that is a gluten-containing ...
Zeuschner Carol L CL Sydney Adventist Hospital, Sydney, NSW, Australia. - - 2013
Vitamin B12 is found almost exclusively in animal-based foods and is therefore a nutrient of potential concern for those following a vegetarian or vegan diet. Vegans, and anyone who significantly limits intake of animal-based foods, require vitamin B12-fortified foods or supplements. Vitamin B12 deficiency has several stages and may be ...
Elsinghorst Paul W - - 2013
2-Acetyl-4-((1R,2S,3R)-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroxybutyl)imidazole (THI) is a minor toxic contaminant observed in caramel food colorings and was shown to exert immunosuppressant activity when fed to rodents. Because of this toxicity, maximum levels of THI in caramel food colorings have been defined by international and European authorities. Several reports of THI analysis using external ...
Sinclair Sarah - - 2013
To examine comprehension of nutrition labels across sociodemographic groups using a measure of health literacy. Cross-sectional survey of a community sample of adults including an adapted version of the Newest Vital Sign for Canadian Nutrition Facts table on prepackaged grocery products, including numerical conversion questions for calorie content and percent ...
Downs Julie S - - 2013
Objectives. We examined the effect on food purchases of adding recommended calorie intake per day or per meal to the mandated calorie information posted on chain restaurant menus. Methods. Before and after New York City implemented calorie posting on chain restaurant menus in 2008, we provided daily, per-meal, or no ...
Beeken Rebecca J RJ Health Behaviour Research Centre, Department of Epidemiology & Public Health, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, - - 2013
To assess attributions for overweight and the level of support for policy initiatives in Great Britain. Cross-sectional. Respondents indicated their agreement (5-point scales: strongly disagree to strongly agree) to three potential causes of overweight (environment, genes, willpower) and five policies (free weight-loss treatment, taxing unhealthy foods, healthy lifestyle campaigns, food ...
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