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Lara Jose - - 2014
Retirement from work involves significant lifestyle changes and may represent an opportunity to promote healthier eating patterns in later life. However, the effectiveness of dietary interventions during this period has not been evaluated. We undertook a systematic review of dietary interventions among adults of retirement transition age (54 to 70 ...
Deville-Almond Jane J School of Health and Wellbeing, University of Wolverhampton, - - 2014
Health promotion is integral to the nurse's role. Increasing numbers of people in the UK are overweight or obese and are at increased risk of health problems such as type 2 diabetes, heart disease and certain cancers. Therefore, it is essential to encourage people to make healthier lifestyle choices. This ...
Shiomi Mari M Clinical Development Department, Pharmaceutical Division, Japan Tobacco, Inc., Tokyo, - - 2014
This study investigated the effects of ingested food types on the pharmacokinetics of elvitegravir, cobicistat, emtricitabine, and tenofovir as a single-tablet regimen (STR) in Japanese HIV-negative healthy subjects. In this open-label, randomized, three-way crossover study, the pharmacokinetic profiles of elvitegravir, cobicistat, emtricitabine, and tenofovir were evaluated when administered with a ...
Tomar Balvir S BS Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology, NIMS Medical College, Nims University, Jaipur, 303121, Rajasthan, India, - - 2014
Intolerance to foods which contain lactose can cause a range of intestinal and systemic symptoms. These symptoms are caused by Lactase deficiency which is encoded by a single gene (LCT) of ≈ 50 kb located on chromosome 2q21. In some food items, lactose has been missed because of "hidden" lactose due ...
Cohen Juliana F W JF Research Fellow, (Jcohen@hsph.harvard.edu), Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA - - 2014
Whole grain (WG) options are often limited in schools, which may impact rural, low-income students who rely on school meals for a substantial portion of their food intake. This study examined the changes in the availability and quantity of WG and refined grain foods offered in schools participating in the ...
Shibata Katsumi K a Department of Nutrition, School of Human Cultures , The University of Shiga Prefecture , Shiga , - - 2014
Calorie restriction leads to a change in the metabolism of nutrients. Nicotinamide is biosynthesized from l-tryptophan. We attempted to determine the effects of food restriction on the biosynthesis of nicotinamide from l-tryptophan. Weaning male rats were fed a conventional chemically defined diet without preformed niacin for 63 d. However, the food ...
Costa Joana J Christian Doppler Laboratory for Rapid Test Systems for Allergenic Food Contaminants, Center for Analytical Chemistry, Department IFA-Tulln, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna, Konrad Lorenz Str. 20, 3430, Tulln, - - 2014
Hazelnut (Corylus avellana L.) is responsible for a significant part of the allergies related to nuts. Still, it is a very much appreciated nut and as consequence is widely used in all types of processed foods, such as chocolates. Correct food labelling is currently the most effective means of preventing ...
James Ashlei - - 2014
Abstract Purpose . Determine the effect of menu labels displaying the energy content of food items or the exercise equivalent on energy ordered and consumed at lunch and energy intake for the remainder of the day in young adults. Design . Subjects were randomized to a menu with no labels ...
Cohen Deborah A DA Deborah A. Cohen is with the RAND Corporation, Santa Monica, CA. At the time of the writing, Mary Story was with the Division of Epidemiology and School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, - - 2014
Because restaurants routinely serve food with more calories than people need, dining out represents a risk factor for overweight, obesity, and other diet-related chronic diseases. Most people lack the capacity to judge the caloric content of food and there is limited evidence that people make use of calorie-labeling information when ...
Arsenault Joanne E - - 2014
Point-of-purchase nutrition labeling is a potential tool to help consumers choose healthier foods. The objectives of our study were to survey soldiers on their use of the Go-for-Green nutrition labeling system in dining facilities and compare characteristics of users and nonusers. The study population consisted of 299 US Army active ...
Rahmawaty Setyaningrum S Metabolic Research Centre, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, New South Wales, Australia; School of Health Sciences, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, New South Wales, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to examine food patterns of Australian children ages 9 to 13 y in relation to ω-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid (ω-3 LCPUFA) intake. Secondary analysis was conducted on nationally representative food data of 1110 Australian children ages 9 to 13 y (525 boys and ...
Thorndike Anne N AN General Medicine Division, Boston, Massachusetts. Electronic address: - - 2014
Preventing obesity requires maintenance of healthy eating behaviors over time. Food labels and strategies that increase visibility and convenience of healthy foods (choice architecture) promote healthier choices, but long-term effectiveness is unknown. Assess effectiveness of traffic-light labeling and choice architecture cafeteria intervention over 24 months. Longitudinal pre-post cohort follow-up study ...
Dodds Pennie - - 2014
Labelling of food from fast food restaurants at point-of-purchase has been suggested as one strategy to reduce population energy consumption and contribute to reductions in obesity prevalence. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of energy and single traffic light labelling systems on the energy content of ...
Wagner Heather Scherschel - - 2014
Objective: Explicitly-as opposed to subtly-labeling a food healthy may inadvertently license people to indulge, imply that the food tastes bad, or lead to reactance. We investigated the effects of explicit and subtle health messages on individuals' food selection in two field studies. Method: We manipulated the signs on healthy foods ...
Tennant David R DR a Food Chemical Risk Analysis , Brighton , - - 2014
Polyols are approved for use as sweeteners in specific foods but may be used for other technological purposes in a wider range of foods, all on a quantum satis basis. The European Polyols Association (EPA) has identified 24 categories of food where polyols are used and has been able to ...
Reicks Marla M Department of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Minnesota, St Paul, MN. Electronic address: - - 2014
Whole grain (WG) foods have been shown to reduce chronic disease risk and overweight. Total dietary fiber is associated with WG and its health benefits. The purpose was to determine whether associations exist between WG intake (no-WG intake, 0 ounce equivalent [oz eq]; low, >0-<3 oz eq; high, ≥3 oz ...
Kalva Jaclyn J JJ Dept. of Food Science & Human Nutrition, Univ. of Florida, P.O. Box 110370, Gainesville, FL 32611-0370, - - 2014
The hedonic 9-point scale was designed to compare palatability among different food items; however, it has also been used occasionally to compare individuals and groups. Such comparisons can be invalid because scale labels (for example, "like extremely") can denote systematically different hedonic intensities across some groups. Addressing this problem, the ...
Valfrè R R S.C. Servizio Igiene Alimenti e Nutrizione ASL TO 3 Regione Piemonte, - - 2014
In recent years, the increase of the consumption of supplements reveals problems concerning the safety of use. Current legislation states that supplements must be free of any therapeutic purpose and must have quality guarantees for the users' safety. The operators of the of Hygiene, Food and Nutrition Service (SIAN) of ...
Elizondo-Montemayor Leticia L 0000-0002-2076-1769 Clinical Nutrition and Obesity Research Center, School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Tecnológico de Monterrey, Avenue Morones Prieto 3000 Pte., Col. Los Doctores, 64710 Monterrey, NL, - - 2014
Hispanic children and those from low-socioeconomic status are predisposed to unhealthy eating habits and obesity. Aim. to implement an individualized, face-to-face, parent supported, and school-partnership dietetic intervention to promote healthy eating habits and decrease body mass index. Prospective school year dietetic intervention of 101 obese, Hispanic, low-socioeconomic school-age children representative ...
Ferruzzi Mario G MG Department of Food Science, - - 2014
Although the term "whole grain" is well defined, there has been no universal standard of what constitutes a "whole-grain food," creating challenges for researchers, the food industry, regulatory authorities, and consumers around the world. As part of the 2010 Dietary Guidelines for Americans, the U.S. Dietary Guidelines Technical Advisory Committee ...
Burgoine Thomas T UKCRC Centre for Diet and Activity Research, Medical Research Council (MRC) Epidemiology Unit, University of Cambridge School of Clinical Medicine, Box 285, Institute of Metabolic Science, Cambridge Biomedical Campus, Cambridge CB2 0QQ, - - 2014
To examine the association between environmental exposure to takeaway food outlets, takeaway food consumption, and body weight, while accounting for home, work place, and commuting route environments. Population based, cross sectional study, using data on individual participants' diet and weight, and objective metrics of food environment exposure. Working adults participating ...
Moretto Nicole N Population and Social Health Research Program, Griffith Health Institute, Griffith University, Meadowbrook QLD 4131, Australia. - - 2014
Taxation has been suggested as a possible preventive strategy to address the serious public health concern of childhood obesity. Understanding the public's viewpoint on the potential role of taxation is vital to inform policy decisions if they are to be acceptable to the wider community. A Citizens' Jury is a ...
Wagner Denae D The Koret Shelter Medicine Program, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California Davis, Davis, California, United States of - - 2014
For animals in confinement housing the housing structure has tremendous potential to impact well being. Dogs in animal shelters are often housed in one of two types of confinement housing - single kennels and rooms or double compartment kennels and rooms most often separated by a guillotine door. This study ...
Allen Katrina J KJ Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Department of Allergy and Immunology, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia ; Department of Paediatrics, Royal Children's Hospital, Parkville, Australia ; Institute of Inflammation and Repair, Manchester Academic Health Sciences Centre, Manchester Institute of Biotechnology, The University of Manchester, Manchester, - - 2014
Food allergy appears to be on the rise with the current mainstay of treatment centred on allergen avoidance. Mandatory allergen labelling has improved the safety of food for allergic consumers. However an additional form of voluntary labelling (termed precautionary allergen labelling) has evolved on a wide range of packaged goods, ...
Neveu Rémi R CNRS, UMR5292, INSERM, U1028, Université Lyon 1, Université de Lyon, Neuroscience Research Center, Team Olfaction: from coding to memory, Lyon, F-69366, France; Praxis, Ville-la-Grand, - - 2014
The role of planning in binge eating episodes is unknown. We investigated the characteristics of planning associated with food cues in binging patients. We studied planning based on backward reasoning, reasoning that determines a sequence of actions back to front from the final outcome. A cross-sectional study was conducted with ...
Di Cerbo Alessandro A Poliambulatorio del Secondo Parere. Department of Consultation and Coordination. Viale Reiter 14. 41225 Modena. Italy.. - - 2014
Great interest is raising in food intolerances due to the lack, in many cases, of a particular sensitizing agent. We investigated the serum level of possible new haptens in 15 heavy meat consumers for sport fitness affected by various kinds of food intolerance and who had ever been administered antibiotics ...
Schulkes Karlijn Jg KJ Department of Dermatology/Allergology, University Medical Center Utrecht, PO Box 85500, Utrecht 3508, GA the - - 2014
Fish is an important cause of food allergy. Studies on fish allergy are scarce and in most cases limited to serological evaluation. Our objective was to study patterns of self-reported allergy and tolerance to different commonly consumed fish species and its correlation to IgE sensitization to the same species. Thirty-eight ...
Lichtenstein Alice H AH Cardiovascular Nutrition Laboratory, Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center, Tufts University, Boston, MA (AHL); the Clinical Nutrition Department, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX (JSC); the Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT (RKJ); the Department of Nutritional Sciences, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA (PMK-E); the American Heart Association, Dallas, TX (AP, LR, KFS, and DKV); and the Nutrition Impact LLC, Battle Creek, MI - - 2013
Front-of-pack labeling systems may provide additional guidance to that already available to facilitate the identification of foods that improve diet quality. We examined the association between choosing foods that meet criteria of an established front-of-pack labeling system with food-group and nutrient intakes and cardiometabolic risk factors. The association between the ...
Lassen A D AD Division of Nutrition, National Food Institute, Technical University of Denmark, Denmark. Electronic address: - - 2013
Healthier meal selections at restaurants and canteens are often limited and not actively promoted. In this Danish study the effectiveness of a healthy labelling certification program in improving dietary intake and influencing edible plate waste was evaluated in a quasi-experimental study design. Employees from an intervention worksite canteen and a ...
Ahmadi Afsane A Department of Nutrition, School of Health and Nutrition, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, - - 2013
Knowing the level of consumers' nutritional knowledge is useful for promoting dietary habits. The aim of this study was to assess women's nutritional knowledge and their food label perception and their correlates. Three hundred and eighty Women referring to four large supermarkets in Shiraz were selected for this study. Data ...
Auchincloss Amy H - - 2013
In 2010, Philadelphia enacted a menu-labeling law requiring full-service restaurant chains to list values for calories, sodium, fat, and carbohydrates for each item on all printed menus. The goal of the study was to determine whether purchase decisions at full-service restaurants varied depending on the presence of labeling. In August ...
Bell Colin - - 2013
Vending machines and shops located within health care facilities are a source of food and drinks for staff, visitors and outpatients and they have the potential to promote healthy food and drink choices. This paper describes perceptions of parents and managers of health-service located food outlets towards the availability and ...
Pettersson Stefan - - 2013
Weight category athletes are known for practicing rapid weight loss prior to competition weigh-in. After weigh-in, athletes strive to restore euhydration and body mass through food and fluid intake. The aim of the present study was to assess prevalence of hypohydration at competition time among elite athletes' in four different ...
Condon-Paoloni Deanne D School of Health Sciences, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, NSW 2522, - - 2013
Health and related claims on food labels can support consumer education initiatives that encourage purchase of healthier foods. A new food Standard on Nutrition, Health and Related Claims became law in January 2013. Implementation will need careful monitoring and enforcement to ensure that claims are truthful and have meaning. The ...
Henkin Robert I RI Center for Molecular Nutrition and Sensory Disorders, The Taste and Smell Clinic, Washington, District of Columbia, USA. Electronic address: - - 2013
Smell loss (hyposmia) inhibits flavor perception and influences food intake. To compensate for flavor loss, some patients with hyposmia appear to increase salt usage. The purpose of this study was to compare self-reported salt usage in patients with hyposmia with that in normal volunteers. Salt usage was compared in 56 ...
Diouf Friederike - - 2013
To get a more realistic estimation of food additive intake for toddlers and children a German database on occurrence of food additives was created. It uses consumption data of two recent national nutrition surveys for toddlers and children in combination with qualitative information of food additive occurrence in the consumed ...
Gregori Dario - - 2013
Abstract Nutrition labels on pre-packaged foods have been widely used as a medium to foster healthier eating habits in the general population, to contribute to a reduction in the incidence and prevalence of diet-related conditions. Yet, there is no convincing evidence that food labels are an effective means to achieve ...
Gendel Steven M - - 2013
To avoid potentially life-threatening reactions, food allergic consumers rely on information on food labels to help them avoid exposure to a food or ingredient that could trigger a reaction. To help consumers in the United States obtain the information that they need, the Food Allergen Labeling and Consumer Protection Act ...
Okuda Nagako - - 2013
Salt reduction is one of the most important lifestyle modifications for the prevention of hypertension. The health promotion law regulates the labeling of the nutrient content of food in Japan and, the level of sodium, not salt (sodium chloride), has to be printed on the labels of manufactured foods. In ...
Toepel Ulrike - - 2013
The influence of external factors on food preferences and choices is poorly understood. Knowing which and how food-external cues impact the sensory processing and cognitive valuation of food would provide a strong benefit toward a more integrative understanding of food intake behavior and potential means of interfering with deviant eating ...
Dodds Pennie P The University of Newcastle, Faculty of Health, School of Medicine and Public Health, c/o Locked Bag 10, Wallsend NSW 2287. Electronic address: - - 2013
Labelling of food from fast food restaurants at point-of-purchase has been suggested as one strategy to reduce population energy consumption and contribute to reductions in obesity prevalence. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of energy and single traffic light labelling systems on the energy content of ...
Miura Katsuyuki - - 2013
In this section of the Report of the Salt Reduction Committee of the Japanese Society of Hypertension, the target level of dietary salt reduction and its scientific evidence, present status of salt consumption in Japan, salt-reducing measures/guidance methods in individuals and population strategies to reduce salt intake are introduced. In ...
Emrich Teri E TE a Department of Nutritional Sciences, FitzGerald Building, University of Toronto, 150 College Street, Toronto, ON M5S 3E2, - - 2014
Preferences for, and consumer friendliness of, front-of-pack (FOP) nutrition rating systems have not been studied in a Canadian population, and studies comparing systems that are accompanied by mandatory labelling, such as Canada's Nutrition Facts table (NFt), are lacking. The purpose of this study was to evaluate 4 FOP systems relative ...
Colón-Ramos Uriyoán - - 2013
The World Health Organization (WHO) has deemed that there is enough evidence to recommend the elimination of industrially produced trans-fatty acids (TFA) from the food supply. This article evaluates government-led public health strategies in countries in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC), and factors perceived to affect following WHO's recommendation ...
Elbel Brian - - 2013
Obesity is a pressing public health problem without proven population-wide solutions. Researchers sought to determine whether a city-mandated policy requiring calorie labeling at fast food restaurants was associated with consumer awareness of labels, calories purchased and fast food restaurant visits. Difference-in-differences design, with data collected from consumers outside fast food ...
Temple Norman J - - 2013
Foods sold in packages have both front-of-package (FOP) labels and back-of-package (BOP) labels. The aim of this review is to determine the role they play in informing consumers as to the composition of foods in order to help select a healthy diet. Recent literature was evaluated and findings combined with ...
Watson Wendy L - - 2013
There is evidence that easily accessible, comprehensible and consistent nutrient information on the front of packaged foods could assist shoppers to make healthier food choices. This study used an online questionnaire of 4357 grocery shoppers to examine Australian shoppers' ability to use a range of front-of-pack labels to identify healthier ...
Wolever T M S - - 2013
Recently Health Canada (HC) published its opinion that including glycemic index (GI) values on food labels would be misleading and not add value to nutrition labeling and dietary guidelines to help consumers make healthier food choices. Important areas of concern were identified by HC, but the discussion of them is ...
Hammond David - - 2013
Food consumed outside the home accounts for a growing proportion of the North American diet and has been associated with increased obesity. To examine the effect of nutrition labeling on menus on awareness, use, and food consumption, including the impact of "traffic light" labeling and adding other nutrients. Blinded, randomized ...
Vlachos Antonios A a School of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Agriculture, Ichthyology and Aquatic Environment , University of Thessaly , Fytoko St, 38446 Nea Ionia Magnesias , Volos , Hellas , - - 2013
Abstract Adulteration of foods is a serious economic problem concerning most foodstuffs, and in particular meat products. Since high-priced meat demand premium prices, producers of meat-based products might be tempted to blend these products with lower cost meat. Moreover, the labelled meat contents may not be met. Both types of ...
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