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Canteloup Charlotte C Primatology Centre of Strasbourg University, Fort Foch, 67207, Niederhausbergen, France, - - 2014
We tested here whether Tonkean macaques (Macaca tonkeana), trained to produce a pointing gesture, modify their behaviour in response to different human's attentional states. More specifically, we investigated the macaque's ability to communicate intentionally about the location of an unreachable hidden food reward in several contexts which differ by the ...
Erinjery Joseph J JJ Biopsychology Laboratory, University of Mysore, Mysore, 570 006, - - 2014
The distribution and availability of food was examined to see how it influenced ranging patterns and sleeping site selection in a group of lion-tailed macaques. The home range and core area were 130.48 ha (95 % kernel) and 26.68 ha (50 % kernel) respectively. The lion-tailed macaques had a longer day range, had a ...
Amici Federica F Department of Comparative and Developmental Psychology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany - - 2014
Prosociality can be defined as any behaviour performed to alleviate the needs of others or to improve their welfare. Prosociality has probably played an essential role in the evolution of cooperative behaviour and several studies have already investigated it in primates to understand the evolutionary origins of human prosociality. Two ...
Debrot A O AO Institute for Marine Research and Ecosystem Studies, Wageningen UR, P.O. Box 57, 1780AB Den Helder, The Netherlands; CARMABI Foundation, Piscaderabaai z/n, P.O. Box 2090, Dutch Caribbean, Curaçao. Electronic address: - - 2014
Baseline data on anthropogenic seafloor debris contamination in the year 2000 is provided for 24 submersible video transects at depths of 80-900m, off the Dutch ABC-islands (Aruba, Bonaire, Curaçao), in the southeastern Caribbean Sea. In total, 202 objects were documented from a combined 21,184m of transect, ranging from sandy lower ...
Seubert Christine C California State University, Los - - 2014
Behavior analysts have implemented and evaluated several antecedent strategies for treating pediatric feeding problems. The extent to which antecedent interventions are beneficial, however, is not yet clear. This review examines recent research in the Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis (2000-2012) that evaluated antecedent interventions. We found that the feeding diagnosis ...
- - 2014
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved the use of trametinib and dabrafenib in combination for patients with metastatic or unresectable melanoma with BRAF V600K or V600E mutations-the first combination therapy approved for the disease.
Suarez Michelle A MA Michelle A. Suarez, PhD, OTR/L, is Assistant Professor, Occupational Therapy Department, College of Health and Human Services, Western Michigan University, 3405 CHHS, Kalamazoo, MI 49008-5333; - - 2014
Many children within the autism population also have food selectivity, and it is not clear how this comorbid difficulty affects the mealtime experience for families. The purpose of this qualitative interview study was to gain an understanding of the mealtime experience of mothers of children with autism and food selectivity. ...
Bruesehoff Michele Pliego MP Michele Pliego Bruesehoff, RN, BAN, CGRN, is Unit Coordinator, Charge Nurse, GI Procedure Clinic, Minneapolis VA Health Care System, Minneapolis, - - 2014
Eosinophilic esophagitis is a chronic inflammatory disorder in which elevated eosinophils are found in the esophagus, and symptoms related to esophageal dysfunction are experienced. It has been found in both children and adults. Diagnosis is based on 15 or more eosinophils per high power field in one or more esophageal ...
Parys Nathalie - - 2013
The notion of cookbooks as socio-historic markers in a society is generally accepted within food studies. As both representations and prescriptions of food practices, perceived habits and attitudes towards food, they represent a certain identity for their readers. This paper investigates the nature of the identity that Belgian cookbooks constructed ...
Muth Felicity - - 2013
Some bird species are selective in the materials they choose for nest building, preferring, for example, materials of one colour to others. However, in many cases the cause of these preferences is not clear. One of those species is the zebra finch, which exhibits strong preferences for particular colours of ...
Cushon J - - 2013
We explored food access and balance in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada in relation to material and social deprivation. We mapped the location of all large supermarkets and fast food retailers in Saskatoon. Supermarket accessibility index scores and food balance scores were compared to material and social deprivation indexes to determine significant ...
- - 2013
Merck's lambrolizumab (MK-3475) monoclonal antibody received "Breakthrough Therapy" designation from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration in April for treating patients with advanced melanoma. The designation is one of many signs of progress in attacking cancer with agents designed for immune checkpoint blockade.
Mori Hirohito H Departments of Gastroenterology and Neurology, Kagawa Medical University School of Medicine, Kagawa 761-0793, Japan. - - 2013
Endoscopic hemostasis performed in the emergency room is difficult due to the presence of blood clots and food residue that makes obtaining a clear view of the bleeding vessel difficult. We experienced the efficacy of a newly developed inverted overtube to shorten the hemostatic time and obtain a clear endoscopic ...
Cavalcante Janine Soares - - 2013
The purpose of this laboratory study was to evaluate changes in the pigmentation of esthetic elastomeric ligatures after immersion in a staining solution. Sixty ligatures were selected and divided into 12 groups according to their brand and also considering their condition, i.e., unstretched or stretched. The groups were divided into: ...
Isari Stamatina S Departament de Biologia Marina i Oceanografia, Institut de Ciències del Mar - Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, Barcelona, Catalunya, - - 2013
Copepods have been considered capable of selective feeding based on several factors (i.e., prey size, toxicity, and motility). However, their selective feeding behaviour as a function of food quality remains poorly understood, despite the potential impact of such a process on copepod fitness and trophodynamics. In this study, we aimed ...
Dellavalle C T CT Department of Health and Human Services, Occupational and Environmental Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, NIH/DHHS, 6120 Executive Boulevard, EPS 8011, Bethesda, Rockville, MD 20892, USA. - - 2013
Nitrate and nitrite are present in many foods and are precursors of N-nitroso compounds, known animal carcinogens and potential human carcinogens. We prospectively investigated the association between nitrate and nitrite intake from dietary sources and risk of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) overall and clear cell and papillary histological subtypes in ...
Guillem-Llobat Ximo - - 2012
This paper focuses on the in-depth debates on saccharin that took place around 1900. In numerous discussions among chemists and physicians the sweetener was defined and redefined in a complex way and with a clear lack of agreement among experts. Nevertheless, this fact did not hinder the search for an ...
Baar Alexandra - - 2012
Wheat is an essential element in our nutrition but one of the most important food allergen sources. Wheat allergic patients often suffer from severe gastrointestinal and systemic allergic reactions after wheat ingestion. In this study, we report the molecular and immunological characterization of a new major wheat food allergen, Tri ...
Hopkins Corey R - - 2012
On June 10th, 2011, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved Potiga (ezogabine) as an add-on medication for the treatment of seizures in adults, and it is being developed by Valeant Pharmaceuticals.
Shin Hakdong - - 2012
Cronobacter sakazakii is an emerging pathogen associated with several outbreaks of food-borne illness in premature infants. To characterize its physiology and pathogenicity at the molecular level, C. sakazakii ES15 was isolated and its genome was completely sequenced and analyzed. Here, the results are announced and major findings from its annotation ...
Zabalo Joaquin - - 2012
Intraguild predation, a form of omnivory that can occur in simple food webs when one species preys on and competes for limiting resources with another species, can have either a stabilizing effect (McCann and Hastings in Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 264:1249-1254, 1997) or a destabilizing effect (Holt and Polis ...
Rubio-Aliaga Isabel - - 2012
The complexity of food organism interactions necessitates the use of model organisms to understand physiological and pathological processes. In nutrition research, model organisms were initially used to understand how macro and micronutrients are handled in the organism. Currently, in nutritional systems biology, models of increasing complexity are needed in order ...
Banerjee Soumya - - 2012
Food gels are viscoelastic substances and several gelled products are manufactured throughout the world. The gelling agents in foods are usually polysaccharides and proteins. In food gels, the polymer molecules are not cross-linked by covalent bonds with the exception of disulphide bonds in some protein gels. Instead, the molecules are ...
Liang Zhengzheng S - - 2012
Little is known about the molecular basis of differences in behavior among individuals. Here we report consistent novelty-seeking behavior, across different contexts, among honey bees in their tendency to scout for food sources and nest sites, and we reveal some of the molecular underpinnings of this behavior relative to foragers ...
Wier Heather Ann - - 2012
Aluminum toxicity has been described in patients of all ages who are receiving a variety of therapies, including dialysis, phosphate-binding medications, and parenteral nutrition (PN). Neonates are at an increased risk of aluminum toxicity because of anatomic, physiologic, and nutrition-related factors not present in other populations. In 2004, the Food ...
Mesa Ruben A - - 2012
In November 2011, ruxolitinib (Jakafi; Incyte/Novartis), a small-molecule inhibitor of Janus kinases, was approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of patients with intermediate or high-risk myelofibrosis, including primary myelofibrosis, post-polycythaemia vera myelofibrosis and post-essential thrombocythaemia myelofibrosis.
Azmi Aida Firdaus Muhammad Nurul - - 2012
Bamboo shoot crude polysaccharides (BSCP) extracted from the shoots of Gigantochloa levis gave about 3.27 ± 0.18% on dry basis and a very minute percentage of protein (0.02 ± 0.01%). The molecular weight of BSCP estimated by gel chromatography was found to be around 7.49 × 103 Da, while the ...
Kamatou Guy P - - 2012
Eugenol is a major volatile constituent of clove essential oil obtained through hydrodistillation of mainly <em>Eugenia caryophyllata</em> (=<em>Syzygium aromaticum</em>) buds and leaves. It is a remarkably versatile molecule incorporated as a functional ingredient in numerous products and has found application in the pharmaceutical, agricultural, fragrance, flavour, cosmetic and various other ...
Moriarty Maeve M - - 2011
Shrews (Sorex cinereus) collected at a historic mine in Nova Scotia, Canada, had approximately twice the arsenic body burden and 100 times greater daily intake of arsenic compared with shrews from a nearby uncontaminated background site. Shrews store arsenic as inorganic and simple methylated arsenicals. Much of the arsenic associated ...
Neset Tina-Simone S - - 2011
Global food production is dependent on constant inputs of phosphorus. In the current system this phosphorus is not predominantly derived from organic recycled waste, but to a large degree from phosphate-rock based mineral fertilisers. However, phosphate rock is a finite resource that cannot be manufactured. Our dependency therefore needs to ...
Wong H Edward - - 2011
Growing evidence suggests that on-pathway amyloid-β (Aβ) oligomers are primary neurotoxic species and have a direct correlation with the onset of Alzheimer's disease (AD). One promising therapeutic strategy to block AD progression is to reduce the levels of these neurotoxic Aβ species using small molecules. While several compounds have been ...
Kim Joon-Woo - - 2011
Organophosphorus compounds (OPCs) and stable isotope ratios (δ(13)C and δ(15)N) were determined in 58 fishes belonging to 20 species collected from Manila Bay, the Philippines. OPCs were detected in most of the samples and found up to μg/g lw (lipid weight) level, suggesting their ubiquitous presence in the coastal marine ...
Latulippe Marie E - - 2011
Concern exists that increasing fructose consumption, particularly in the form of high-fructose corn syrup, is resulting in increasing rates of fructose intolerance and aggravation of clinical symptoms in individuals with irritable bowel syndrome. Most clinical trials designed to test this hypothesis have used pure fructose, a form not commonly found ...
Karp Heini - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Among plant foods, grain products, legumes, and seeds are important sources of phosphorus (P). Current data on P content and absorbability of P from these foods are lacking. Measurement of in vitro digestible P (DP) content of foods may reflect absorbability of P. The objective of this study was to ...
Li Yu - - 2011
To assess the effects of three types of Mg and P salt mixtures (potassium phosphate [K3PO4]/magnesium sulfate [MgSO4], potassium dihydrogen phosphate [K2HPO4]/MgSO4, KH2PO4/MgSO4) on the conservation of N and the biodegradation of organic materials in an aerobic food waste composting process, batch experiments were undertaken in four reactors (each with ...
Barson Jessica R JR Laboratory of Behavioral Neurobiology, The Rockefeller University, New York, NY 10065, - - 2011
Historically, studies of food intake regulation started with the hypothalamus and gradually expanded to mesocorticolimbic regions, while studies of drug use began with mesocorticolimbic regions and now include the hypothalamus. As research on ingestive behavior has progressed, it has uncovered more and more similarities between the regulation of palatable food ...
Olszewski Pawel K PK Minnesota Obesity Center, University of Minnesota, Saint Paul, MN, - - 2011
Palatability is one of the most rewarding aspects of consummatory behavior. Opioids, potent facilitators of intake of sweet and fat tastants, are thought to mediate hedonics of feeding. However, the rewarding context of consumption is not limited to palatability, and gratification can be achieved through other means, e.g., eating to ...
Pasch Keryn E - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to describe the extent to which vending offerings in 106 schools in the St. Paul-Minneapolis, Minnesota metropolitan area, met criteria for types of beverages, fat, and calories based on selected criteria offered by the Institute of Medicine. Schools where youth participants were attending for ...
Monge-Rojas Rafael - - 2011
As part of the Pan American Health Organization/World Health Organization Trans-Fat-Free Americas initiative, 12 representatives from food industries in Latin America and the Caribbean signed a declaration stating their intention to voluntarily eliminate industrially produced trans-fatty acids (TFA) from the Americas. A year later, in order to document the extent ...
Pearce Jo - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To compare the key differences between school lunches and packed lunches as consumed in a nationally representative sample of primary schools, 6-8 months after the nutrient-based standards for school lunch became mandatory. DESIGN: Data on 6580 pupils' school lunches and 3422 pupils' packed lunches were collected between February and ...
Gui Jin - - 2011
Yersinia enterocolitica is an important zoonotic pathogen that can cause yersiniosis in humans and animals. Food has been suggested to be the main source of yersiniosis. It is critical for the researchers to be able to detect Yersinia or any other foodborne pathogen with increased sensitivity and specificity, as well ...
Roulston T'ai H - - 2011
Recent declines of bee species have led to great interest in preserving and promoting bee populations for agricultural and wild plant pollination. Many correlational studies have examined the indirect effects of factors such as landscape context and land management practices and found great variation in bee response. We focus here ...
Shutto Yoshiko - - 2011
Phosphate toxicity is an important determinant of mortality in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), particularly those undergoing hemodialysis treatments. CKD patients are advised to take a low phosphate-containing diet, and are additionally prescribed with phosphate-lowering drugs. Since these patients usually seek guidance from their physicians and nurses for their ...
Bouhlal Sofia - - 2011
Understanding the early determinants of food intake, in particular the role of food sensory quality, is a necessary step to improve the prevention of unhealthy food habits. However, the extent to which food intake varies according to salt, fat and sugar content is imperfectly known. The present study aimed at ...
Shuai Lingying - - 2011
We used the giving-up density (GUD) method and direct observation to study the combined effects of travel distance and microhabitat on foraging behavior of the midday gerbil (Meriones meridianus), which often acts as a central place forager. We provided animals with artificial seed trays in which dry and unhusked pumpkin ...
Reichle Christian - - 2011
Foragers of several species of stingless bees (Hymenoptera, Apidae and Meliponini) deposit pheromone marks in the vegetation to guide nestmates to new food sources. These pheromones are produced in the labial glands and are nest and species specific. Thus, an important question is how recruited foragers recognize their nestmates' pheromone ...
Gunst Noëlle - - 2010
We examined age-related differences in wild brown capuchins' foraging efficiency and the food-processing behaviors directed toward maripa palm fruit (Maximiliana maripa). A detailed comparison of the different foraging techniques showed that plucking the fruit from the infructescence constituted the main difficulty of this task. Foraging efficiency tended to increase with ...
Gyimesi Abel - - 2010
Previous studies of interference competition have shown an asymmetric effect on intake rate of foragers on clumped resources, with only subordinate individuals suffering. However, the food distributions in these studies were uniform or highly clumped, whereas in many field situations, food aggregation is intermediate. Here we investigated whether food distribution ...
Tamara Carolina - - 2011
Many foraging animals rely on visual landmarks and/or habitual paths to locate important resources. We examined the degree to which rats rely on these cues when they predicted conflicting food locations. In this foraging task, rats were required to find food which could be located using either a fixed route ...
Taylor Benjamin J - - 2010
While foraging, social insects encounter a dynamic array of food resources of varying quality and profitability. Because food acquisition influences colony growth and fitness, natural selection can be expected to favor colonies that allocate their overall foraging effort so as to maximize their intake of high-quality nutrients. Social wasps lack ...
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