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Niven Philippa P 1Centre for Behavioural Research in Cancer,Cancer Council Victoria,615 St Kilda Road,Melbourne,VIC - - 2014
To examine demographic and behavioural correlates of unhealthy snack-food consumption among Australian secondary-school students and the association between their perceptions of availability, convenience and intake with consumption. Cross-sectional survey of students' eating, physical activity and sedentary behaviours using validated instruments administered via an online questionnaire. Australian secondary schools across all ...
Wei Quanyuan Q Beijing University of Chemical Technology, 100029 Beijing, PR China; Beijing Municipal Research Institution of Environmental Protection, 100037 Beijing, PR - - 2014
This study investigated the effects of trace elements (TEs: Fe, Co, and Ni) on the anaerobic digestion of food waste in laboratory scale semi-continuously fed anaerobic digesters. The digesters were operated for approximately 460d at organic loading rates (OLRs) ranging from 1.0 to 5.0gVSL(-1)d(-1) at 37°C. Results showed that methane ...
Cardoso P G PG MARE - Marine and Environmental Sciences Centre, Department of Life Sciences, University of Coimbra, 3004-517 Coimbra, Portugal. Electronic address: - - 2014
The main goal of this study was to assess temporal mercury variations along an estuarine food web to evaluate the mercury contamination level of the system and the risks that humans are exposed to, due to mercury biomagnification. The highest mercury concentrations in the sediments and primary producers (macrophytes) were ...
Zhang Wanqin W College Agriculture and Biotechnology, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100093, People's Republic of China; Key Laboratory of Clean Utilization Technology for Renewable Energy in Ministry of Agriculture, College of Engineering, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100083, People's Republic of - - 2014
This study investigated the effects of trace elements (TEs) on the anaerobic digestion (AD) of food waste (FW) in laboratory-scale semi-continuously fed anaerobic digesters. The duration of digesters operation was approximately 400days. Organic loading rates (OLRs) ranged from 1.0 to 5.5gVSL(-1)d(-1) at 37°C. Results showed that methane production of the ...
Stok F Marijn FM 1Department of Clinical and Health Psychology,Utrecht University,Post Box 80140,3508 TC Utrecht,The - - 2014
To investigate associations of self-perceived eating-related peer norms (called 'subjective peer norms') with adolescents' healthy eating intentions and intake of healthy and unhealthy food. Cross-sectional data were collected in a large international survey. Two types of subjective peer norms were assessed: perceived peer encouragement of healthy eating and perceived peer ...
Miller-Matero Lisa Renee LR Behavioral Health, Henry Ford Health System, Henry Ford Hospital, 2799 W. Grand Blvd. CFP-2, Detroit, MI, 48202, USA, - - 2014
Problematic eating behaviors, such as emotional eating, and food addiction, may affect weight; however, little is known about these eating behaviors, especially among those seeking bariatric surgery. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to estimate the prevalence of problematic eating behaviors and to investigate their relationship with other eating ...
Honda Kazuhisa - - 2012
Broiler chicks eat more food than layer chicks. However, the causes of the difference in food intake in the neonatal period between these strains are not clear. In this study, we examined the involvement of proopiomelanocortin (POMC)-derived melanocortin peptides α-, β- and γ-melanocyte-stimulating hormones (MSHs) in the difference in food ...
Rector M E - - 2012
Corticosterone (CORT) levels in seabirds fluctuate across breeding stages and in different foraging conditions. Here we use a ten-year data set to examine whether CORT levels in Atlantic puffins differ in years with high or low availability of capelin, the preferred forage species. Female puffins had higher CORT levels than ...
Matsunami Shohei - - 2012
Behavioural effects of fluvoxamine (FLV, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor) were examined in 1-2 week old domestic chicks. Chicks were tested in an I-shaped maze equipped with a feeder (ON feeder) that served 1 or 2 grains of millet at gradually increasing intervals, so that a depleting food patch was mimicked. ...
Li Jing - - 2012
CONTENTS: Summary  1 I. Introduction  1 II. Development of the endosperm  2 III. Patterning the endosperm  5 IV. Control of endosperm size and its influence on seed size  6 V. Hormonal physiology of the A. thaliana endosperm  9 VI. Epigenetic regulation of the endosperm  9 VII. Conclusions 12 Acknowledgements 12 References ...
Jonaidi H - - 2012
Ghrelin is a gut-brain peptide that has a stimulatory effect on food intake in mammals. In contrast, this peptide decreases food intake in neonatal chicks when injected intracerebroventricularly (ICV). In mammals, neuropeptide Y (NPY) mediates the orexigenic effect of ghrelin whereas in chicks it appears that corticotrophin releasing factor (CRF) ...
Itonaga Keisuke - - 2012
Abstract Net energy availability depends on plasma corticosterone concentrations, food availability, and their interaction. Limited net energy availability requires energy trade-offs between self-maintenance and reproduction. This is important in matrotrophic viviparous animals because they provide large amounts of energy for embryos, as well as self-maintenance, for the extended period of ...
Swaggerty C L - - 2012
Young poultry exhibit a transient colonization by some food-borne pathogens, including Salmonella, during the first week of life that stems from immature innate and acquired defense mechanisms. Consequently, modulation of the hosts' natural immune response is emerging as an important area of interest for food animal producers, including the poultry ...
Chowdhury Vishwajit S - - 2012
The regulation of food intake in chickens (Gallus gallus domesticus) represents a complex homeostatic mechanism involving multiple levels of control, and regulation during high ambient temperatures (HT) is poorly understood. In this study, we examined hypothalamic mRNA expression of gonadotropin-inhibitory hormone (GnIH) to understand the effect of HT on an ...
Ibáñez-Álamo Juan Diego - - 2012
Parasite chicks from non-evictor species usually try to monopolize host parental care, thereby increasing considerably the level of food competition in the nest. Here, we propose that brood parasitism is an important stressor for host and parasite nestlings and explore this hypothesis in the non-evictor great spotted cuckoo (Clamator glandarius) ...
Yokobori Eri - - 2012
Neuropeptide Y (NPY) is a potent orexigenic neuropeptide implicated in feeding regulation in mammals. However, except for the case of the goldfish, the involvement of NPY in the feeding behaviour of teleost fish has not well been studied. Therefore, we investigated the role of NPY in food intake using a ...
Chambers Adam P - - 2012
When administered into the brain, NPY acts at Y1 and Y5 receptors to increase food intake. The response occurs with a short latency and is quite robust, such that exogenous NPY is generally considered to be the most potent of a growing list of orexigenic compounds that act in the ...
Kross Sara M - - 2012
Anthropogenic landscapes can be rich in resources, and may in some cases provide potential habitat for species whose natural habitat has declined. We used remote videography to assess whether reintroducing individuals of the threatened New Zealand falcon Falco novaeseelandiae into a highly modified agricultural habitat affected the feeding rates of ...
Stocker C J CJ Clore Laboratory, University of Buckingham, Buckingham, UK. - - 2012
Pups of normally nourished dams that are cross-fostered after birth to dams fed a low-protein (8% by weight) diet (postnatal low protein (PLP)) grow slower during the suckling period and remain small and lean throughout adulthood. At weaning, they have increased expression in the arcuate nucleus (ARC) of the hypothalamus ...
Hargrave Sara L SL Department of Psychological Sciences and Ingestive Behavior Research Center, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA. - - 2012
The consumption of a large food bolus leads to stomach distension. Gastric distension potently signals the termination of a meal by stimulating gastric mechanoreceptors and activating neuroendocrine circuitry. The ability to terminate a meal is altered in disorders such as bulimia nervosa (BN), binge-eating disorder (BED) and certain subtypes of ...
Teubner Brett J W - - 2012
We previously demonstrated that 3rd ventricular (3V) neuropeptide Y (NPY) or agouti-related protein (AgRP) injection potently stimulates food foraging/hoarding/intake in Siberian hamsters. Because NPY and AgRP are highly colocalized in arcuate nucleus neurons in this and other species, we tested whether subthreshold doses of NPY and AgRP coinjected into the ...
Pjetri Eneda - - 2011
The neuropeptide Y (NPY) system in the brain regulates a wide variety of behavioral, metabolic and hormonal homeostatic processes required for energy balance control. During times of limited food availability, NPY promotes behavioral hyperactivity necessary to explore and prepare for novel food resources. As NPY can act via 5 different ...
Cramer Jenna M - - 2011
Sulforaphane (SF) is a chemopreventive isothiocyanate (ITC) derived from glucoraphanin (GRP) hydrolysis by myrosinase, a thioglucoside present in broccoli. The ability of broccoli powders sold as supplements to provide dietary SF is often of concern as many supplements contain GRP, but lack myrosinase. In a previous study, biomarkers of SF ...
Ikeya Koki - - 2011
The Mekong giant catfish Pangasianodon gigas is endemic to the Mekong River basin, and is recognized as endangered species, largely due to overfishing and development of the river basin. We monitored food intake of P. gigas in a stable environment in an aquarium over a 6-year period and analyzed their ...
Humbert Sebastien - - 2011
Particulate matter (PM) is a significant contributor to death and disease globally. This paper summarizes the work of an international expert group on the integration of human exposure to PM into life cycle impact assessment (LCIA), within the UNEP/SETAC Life Cycle Initiative. We review literature-derived intake fraction values (the fraction ...
Stewart Hayden - - 2011
To estimate the costs of satisfying MyPyramid fruit and vegetable guidelines, with a focus on whether low-income households can bear these costs. Descriptive analysis of the 2008 National Consumer Panel with information on the food purchases of 64,440 households across the contiguous United States was used to analyze the cost ...
Zavalaga Carlos B - - 2011
Most seabirds are diurnal foragers, but some species may also feed at night. In Peruvian pelicans (Pelecanus thagus), the evidence for nocturnal foraging is sparse and anecdotal. We used GPS-dataloggers on five incubating Peruvian pelicans from Isla Lobos de Tierra, Perú, to examine their nocturnality, foraging movements and activities patterns ...
Pakkala H - - 2010
The main aim of the European Food Information Resource (EuroFIR) project is to develop and disseminate a comprehensive, coherent and validated data bank for the distribution of food composition data (FCD). This can only be accomplished by harmonising food description and data documentation and by the use of standardised thesauri. ...
Crogan Neva L - - 2010
Although little is known about nutrition care for Hispanic older adults in nursing homes, soon at least 4.5 million will reside there because of chronic disease. The purpose of this pilot study was to test the internal consistency reliability of a food and food service satisfaction instrument, the Food Expectations-Long ...
Minaker Leia M - - 2009
The food environment is increasingly being implicated in the obesity epidemic, though few reported measures of it exist. In order to assess the impact of the food environment on food intake, valid measures must be developed and tested. The current study describes the development of a food service environment assessment ...
Kim Hyun Jung - - 2009
Foodborne illness contracted at food service operations is an important public health issue in Korea. In this study, the probabilities for growth of, and enterotoxin production by, Staphylococcus aureus in pork meat-based foods prepared in food service operations were estimated by the Monte Carlo simulation. Data on the prevalence and ...
Achutan Chandran - - 2009
In March 2007, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) was asked to evaluate the noise exposure of employees in the Nutrition and Food Services Department of a large hospital, because of noise concerns raised after the installation of the PowerSoak dishwashing system. Eleven employees (two cooks, eight ...
Chao Shirley Y - - 2009
The opinions of both national aging and health experts and practicing registered dietitians (RDs) were surveyed on which key quality indicators from the Food And Nutrition Care Indicators checklist should be regulated in assisted-living facilities (ALFs) for older adults. The extent to which the practices on which the indicators were ...
Houlston Angela - - 2009
Malnutrition and cachexia are frequent consequences of childhood cancer and its treatment. Providing appetising hospital food in a timely, flexible way can help ensure a child has the option to eat familiar food when they are hungry and maintain a good nutritional status. A survey by the children's cancer charity ...
Sharkey Joseph R - - 2009
Geographic access to healthy food resources remains a major focus of research that examines the contribution of the built environment to healthful eating. Methods used to define and measure spatial accessibility can significantly affect the results. Considering the implications for marketing, policy, and programs, adequate measurement of the food environment ...
Simmons Sandra F - - 2009
Most nursing home (NH) residents are not interviewed about their satisfaction with the food service due to cognitive impairment. The purpose of this study was to determine the proportion of NH residents able to complete a structured interview to assess food complaints when no cognitive status criteria were used to ...
May-Collado Laura J - - 2009
Knowledge of the whistle structure in Guyana dolphins comes mostly from Brazilian populations where recordings have been made using limited bandwidth systems (18 and 24 kHz). In Brazil, Guyana dolphin whistle frequency span is 1.34-23.89 kHz, but authors have suggested that limits of their recording system may underestimate frequency span. ...
Bertin Cilce Helena Figueiredo Preza - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Food handlers have a very important role in preventing food contamination during its preparation and distribution. This responsibility is even greater in hospitals, since a large number of patients have low immunity and consequently food contamination by pathogenic bacteria could be particularly harmful. Therefore, a good working environment and ...
Wu Shirley - - 2008
This qualitative study describes how Chinese elders in an American nursing home perceived their food and mealtime experiences. Data collection included 20 meal observations and interviews with 7 residents, 9 family members, and 17 staff members. Field notes and interviews were coded and analyzed using an iterative approach similar to ...
- - 2008
This final rule revises and clarifies requirements for the management, distribution, and use of donated foods in the National School Lunch Program and other child nutrition programs, in the Nutrition Services Incentive Program, and by charitable institutions. In response to an audit by the USDA Office of Inspector General, the ...
Strohbehn Catherine - - 2008
Transmission of viruses, bacteria, and parasites to food by way of improperly washed hands is a major contributing factor in the spread of foodborne illnesses. Field observers have assessed compliance with hand washing regulations, yet few studies have included consideration of frequency and methods used by sectors of the food ...
Huang Hui-Chun - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The United States is experiencing remarkable growth in the elderly population, which provides both opportunities and challenges for assisted-living facilities. The objective of this study was to explore how service management influences residents' actual food consumption in assisted-living facilities. Physical factors influencing residents' service evaluation and food consumption also ...
Waddington David C - - 2008
Helicopter noise has a negative impact on the quality of life for many people. Effected populations are not just those living close to heliports, but include those exposed to noise from helicopters used by emergency services, the military, and commercial companies. One problem identified in the UK is that it ...
Oikawa Noriko - - 2008
This paper reports the control of spatiotemporal intermittency in an electroconvective system in a nematic liquid crystal. In the spatiotemporal intermittency, an ordered structure [the defect lattice (DL)] coexists with turbulence. Control of the spatiotemporal intermittency, in which the turbulent state changes to a DL, is achieved by a few ...
Flaxer Eli - - 2008
A complete design of a compact, high voltage, multichannel programmable waveform generator, using an 8 bit microcontroller, 12 bit digital to analog converter, and high voltage operation amplifier, is presented. The user can generate the waveform by several options: classic waveform, calculator, freehand drawing, and using excel or text file. ...
Mehta Neil K NK Graduate Group in Demography, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA. - - 2008
Empiric studies find that contextual factors affect individual weight status over and above individual socioeconomic characteristics. Given increasing levels of obesity, researchers are examining how the food environment contributes to unhealthy weight status. An important change to this environment is the increasing availability of away-from-home eating establishments such as restaurants. ...
McKean Kurt A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The evolution of disease resistance and immune function may be limited if increased immunocompetence comes at the expense of other fitness-determining traits. Both the maintenance of an immune system and the deployment of an immune response can be costly, and the observed costs may be evaluated as either physiological ...
Donini L M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition due to undernutrition or overnutrition is highly prevalent in hospital in-patients and it decisively conditions patients clinical outcome. One of the most influencing factors of malnutrition in hospitalized patients is--at least in part--the Catering Service Quality. AIM: Is to verify, over a 5 year period, the course of ...
Ashkenas Ron - - 2007
Large organizations are by nature complex, but over the years new business challenges--globalization, innovative technologies, and regulations, to name a few--have conspired to add layer upon layer of complexity to corporate structure and management. Organizations have become increasingly ungovernable and unwieldy: Performance is declining, accountability is unclear, decision rights are ...
Frese Michael - - 2007
A model of business success was developed with motivational resources (locus of control, self-efficacy, achievement motivation, and self-reported personal initiative) and cognitive resources (cognitive ability and human capital) as independent variables, business owners' elaborate and proactive planning as a mediator, and business size and growth as dependent variables. Three studies ...
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