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Prajapati Vipul D VD Department of Pharmaceutics, S.S.R. College of Pharmacy, Saily-Silvassa Road, Saily, Silvassa, U.T. of Dadra and Nagar Haveli 396230, India. Electronic address: - - 2014
Polysaccharides have been gaining interesting and valuable applications in the food and pharmaceutical fields. As they are derived from the natural source, they are easily available, non-toxic, cheap, biodegradable and biocompatible. Carrageenan is one among them, which fulfills the criteria of polysaccharide; it is a natural carbohydrate (polysaccharide) obtained from ...
Monro Jean A JA Breakspear Medical Group , Hertfordshire , UK - - 2014
Abstract Owing to the involvement of the immune system in the etiology of food sensitivity, and because pulsed electromagnetic field therapy is associated with beneficial immunologic changes, it was hypothesized that pulsed electromagnetic fields may have a beneficial effect on food sensitivity. A small pilot study was carried out in ...
Lewis Erin D ED Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, - - 2014
Estimating dietary choline intake can be challenging due to missing foods in the current United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) database. The objectives of the study were to quantify the choline-containing moieties and the total choline content of a variety of pulses available in North America and use the expanded ...
Emorine M M CNRS, UMR6265 Centre des Sciences du Goût et de l'Alimentation, F-21000 Dijon, France; INRA, UMR1324 Centre des Sciences du Goût et de l'Alimentation, F-21000, Dijon, France; Univ. de Bourgogne, Centre des Sciences du Goût et de l'Alimentation F-21000 Dijon, - - 2014
One major issue of the food industry is reducing sodium content while maintaining food acceptability and liking. Despite extensive research in this field, little has been published on real complex food products. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the size of particles, a parameter easily adjusted in ...
Venugopalan S S Department of Prosthodontics, Saveetha Dental College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, - - 2014
Patients with orocutaneous fistulas suffer from discomfort in terms of facial esthetics, food spill over and lack of psychological confidence to present them socially. Prosthetic camouflaging of facial defects and use of silicone maxillofacial material are the alternatives to the surgical retreatment. Silicone elastomers provide more options to clinician for ...
Burger Joanna J Division of Life Sciences, Rutgers University, 604 Allison Road, Piscataway, NJ, 08854, USA, - - 2014
Vertebrates experience adverse effects from methylmercury, largely obtained through their food. Selenium has the potential to reduce the toxic effects of methylmercury (and vice versa). In this paper, we examine the selenium:mercury molar ratios in tadpoles (Lithobates sphenocephalus, Lithobates catesbeianus (formerly Rana), and a newly documented leopard frog species currently ...
Oliveira A Virgílio M AV ADAI, LAETA, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Coimbra, - - 2014
The present work is dedicated to the study of occupational cold environments in food distribution industrial units. Field measurements and a subjective assessment based on an individual questionnaire were considered. The survey was carried out in 5 Portuguese companies. The field measurements includes 26 workplaces, while a sample of 160 ...
Huang Liyan L Defence Medical & Environmental Research Institute, DSO National Laboratories, 27 Medical Drive 09-01, Singapore 117510, Republic of - - 2014
Underconsumption is a common problem among militaries around the world. The purpose of this study was to review and modify the current field ration (FR) to encourage energy intake in the field. Military servicemen from the Singapore Armed forces (N = 232) were interviewed on their perception of the current ...
Campos Manuel - - 2014
Three attract-and-kill formulations, a gel, a wax panel, and a plastic cylinder were tested in simulated warehouses at three densities of devices and at three densities of moths, Plodia interpunctella Hübner, per room. Wax panels and the cylinder formulations suppressed all the densities of moths with only one device per ...
Ekesi Sunday - - 2014
Catches of Bactrocera invadens Drew, Tsuruta, & White (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Multi-lure traps baited with six commercial food-based attractants, Mazoferm E802, Torula yeast, GF-120, Hymlure, Biolure, and Nulure were compared in mango orchards in Kenya. In 2007, Mazoferm E802 and Torula yeast were the most effective attractants and captured 2.4-2.6 ...
Jiao Shoufeng S Anhui Key Laboratory of Chemo/Biosensing, College of Chemistry and Materials Science, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu 241000, China; Huaibei Vocational & Technical College, Huaibei 235000, - - 2014
A rapid, environmental friendly, and sensitive sensor for the detection of bisphenol A (BPA) was developed at glassy carbon electrode (GCE) modified with Tannic acid functionalized N-doped graphene (TA/N-G) immobilized by Nafion. Compared with other sensors, the proposed sensor greatly enhanced the response signal of BPA due to the active ...
Santhiago Murilo M Department of Analytical Chemistry, Institute of Chemistry - UNICAMP, P.O.Box 6154, 13084-971, Campinas, SP, - - 2014
Paper has become increasingly recognized as a very interesting substrate for the construction of microfluidic devices, with potential application in a variety of areas, including health diagnosis, environmental monitoring, immunoassays and food safety. The aim of this review is to present a short history of analytical systems constructed from paper, ...
Saldaña G G a Tecnología de los Alimentos, Facultad de Veterinaria , Universidad de Zaragoza , C/Miguel Servet 177, CP 50013 , Zaragoza , - - 2014
Processing unit operations that seek to inactivate harmful microorganisms are of primary importance in ascertaining the safety of food. The capability of pulsed electric fields (PEF) to inactivate vegetative cells of microorganisms at temperatures below those used in thermal processing makes this technology very attractive as a nonthermal pasteurization process ...
Ferrari Benoit J D BJ lrstea, UR MALY 5 rue de la Doua-CS70077, Villeurbanne cedex 69626, France. - - 2014
Effective assessment of sediment quality and associated risks requires further integration between laboratory-based studies and field observations. Tools for in situ exposure of laboratory-reared organisms are particularly suitable for this purpose. However, available tools suffer from technical drawbacks that limit their use in deep waters and their general ability to ...
Miller Nathan A NA Romberg Tiburon Center and Department of Biology, San Francisco State University, Tiburon, California, United States of - - 2014
In biological systems energy serves as the ultimate commodity, often determining species distributions, abundances, and interactions including the potential impact of invasive species on native communities. The Asian clam Potamocorbula amurensis invaded the San Francisco Estuary (SFE) in 1986 and is implicated in the decline of native fish species through ...
Mutinda Matthew M Kenya Wildlife Service, Nairobi, - - 2014
Human-elephant conflict (HEC) is a recurring problem that appears wherever the range of elephants and humans overlap. Different methods including the use of electric fences are used worldwide to mitigate this conflict. Nonetheless, elephants learn quickly that their tusks do not conduct electricity and use them to break down fences ...
Forbes Kristian M KM Suonenjoki Research Unit, Finnish Forest Research Institute, Suonenjoki, Finland; Department of Biological and Environmental Science, University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, - - 2014
Marked variation occurs in both seasonal and multiannual population density peaks of northern European small mammal species, including voles. The availability of dietary proteins is a key factor limiting the population growth of herbivore species. The objective of this study is to investigate the degree to which protein availability influences ...
Xu Zheng Z State Key Laboratory of Power Transmission Equipment & System Security and New Technology, Chongqing University, 174 Shazhengjie, Shapingba, Chongqing 400044, China. - - 2014
The detection of adulteration in edible oils is a concern in the food industry, especially for the higher priced virgin olive oils. This article presents a low field unilateral nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) method for the detection of the adulteration of virgin olive oil that can be performed through sealed ...
- - 2013
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is issuing a final order to reclassify temporary mandibular condyle prosthesis, a preamendments class III device, into class II (special controls), and rename the device "temporary mandibular condyle reconstruction plate.'' FDA is also issuing the special controls guideline entitled "Temporary Mandibular Condyle Reconstruction Plate ...
- - 2013
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is issuing a final order to reclassify external counter-pulsating (ECP) devices for treatment of chronic stable angina that is refractory to optimal anti-anginal medical therapy and without options for revascularization, which is a preamendments class III device, into class II (special controls), and to ...
Peng Hailong - - 2013
A novel amphiphilic chitosan derivative of N, N-dimethylhexadecyl carboxymethyl chitosan (DCMCs) was synthesized. The structure of DCMCs was confirmed via FT-IR and 1H NMR, and the critical micelle concentration (CMC) was investigated by fluorescence spectroscopy. The results indicated that DCMCs has hydrophilic carboxyl and hydrophobic methylene groups with higher substitution ...
Buklijas Tatjana T Liggins Institute, University of Auckland, 85 Park Road, Grafton, Auckland, New Zealand. Electronic address: - - 2013
Cambridge scientists Robert McCance and Elsie Widdowson are best known for their work on the British food tables and wartime food rations, but it is their research on prenatal and early postnatal growth that is today seen as a foundation of the fields studying the impact of environment upon prenatal ...
Bouyoucos Ian I Virginia Institute of Marine Science, P.O. Box 1346, Gloucester Point, VA, 23062, U.S.A.; Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, The University of Michigan, 830 North University, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109-1048, - - 2013
Atlantic sturgeon (Acipenser oxyrhynchus) populations have been declared either endangered or threatened under the U.S. Endangered Species Act. Effective measures to repel sturgeon from fishing gear would be beneficial to both fish and fishers because they could reduce both fishery-associated mortality and the need for seasonal and area closures of ...
Qualls Whitney A WA Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL. Electronic address: - - 2013
The efficacy of attractive toxic sugar baits (ATSB) with the active ingredient eugenol, an Environmental Protection Agency exempt compound, was evaluated against vector and nuisance mosquitoes in both laboratory and field studies. In the laboratory, eugenol combined in attractive sugar bait (ASB) solution provided high levels of mortality for Aedes ...
Bou Khalil Rami - - 2013
Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is a non-invasive technique with mild side effects. Some forms of obesity may arise from eating disorders and recent data suggest that rTMS treatment could have beneficial effects in eating disorders. The purpose of this comprehensive review is to hypothesize that rTMS may play a ...
Gallina S - - 2013
In June 2011, an outbreak of Staphylococcus aureus enterotoxin food poisoning gastroenteritis occurred in Turin, Italy, following a catered dinner party at a private home. Within a few hours, 26 of the 47 guests experienced gastrointestinal illness, and 9 were hospitalized. A retrospective cohort study using a standardized questionnaire was ...
Ma Xiaoguang X Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, - - 2013
Several spatial measures of community food access identifying so called "food deserts" have been developed based on geospatial information and commercially-available, secondary data listings of food retail outlets. It is not known how data inaccuracies influence the designation of Census tracts as areas of low access. This study replicated the ...
Villamil Soledad C SC Department of Entomology and Nematology, University of California, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA95616, - - 2013
Bactrocera oleae (Rossi) (Diptera: Tephritidae, Dacinae) is an oligophagous species that feeds only on cultivated olives (Olea europaea L.) and its close relatives. Synchrony of seasonal activity patterns of B. oleae, the olive fruit fly with its host's phenology is therefore expected. The objective of this study was to monitor ...
- - 2013
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA or Agency) is classifying the scleral plug into class II (special controls), and exempting the scleral plugs composed of surgical grade stainless steel (with or without coating in gold, silver, or titanium) from premarket notification (510(k)) and continuing to require premarket notification (510(k)) for ...
Johns R C - - 2013
A 4-yr field study was carried out to study the dispersal behavior of young larvae of the eastern spruce budworm (Choristoneura fumiferana Clemens) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) within and between crowns of balsam fir (Abies balsamea (L.) Miller), through the peak to decline of an outbreak. Newly hatched neonates, searching for overwintering ...
Guan Yufang - - 2013
The interaction between ε-polylysine (ε-PL) and anionic polysaccharides has gained considerable attention recently because of its scientific impact on the stability and appearance of liquid food systems. The purpose of this study was to characterize the interactions between ε-PL and carboxymethyl sweet potato starch (CSS) using isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC), ...
Rodrigues D - - 2013
This work evaluated the effect of magnetic hyperthermia (MH) on planktonic cells and biofilms of a major food spoilage bacterium Pseudomonas fluorescens and its performance compared to a conventional direct heating (DH) technique. The results showed that MH had a greater and faster bactericidal effect, promoting a significant reduction in ...
Félix Benjamin - - 2013
Abstract The European Union Reference Laboratory for Listeria monocytogenes (EURL for Lm) coordinates a European network of 35 National Reference Laboratories (NRLs), most of which perform food, environmental, and veterinary Lm strain surveillance in their respective countries. The EURL activities resulted in the recent creation of a database (EURL Lm ...
Khallaayoune Khalid K Department of Parasitology, Institut Agronomique et Vétérinaire Hassan II, B.P. 6202, Rabat-Instituts, Morocco - - 2013
We evaluated the efficacy of attractive toxic sugar baits (ATSB) in the laboratory and field with the low-risk active ingredient dinotefuran against mosquito populations. Preliminary laboratory assays indicated that dinotefuran in solution with the sugar baits was ingested and resulted in high mortality of female Culex quinquefasciatus Say and Aedes ...
Lamia Cherrat - - 2013
This study describes the antioxidant and antimicrobial activity of Laurus nobilis L. and Myrtus communis L. essential oils (EO). This is the first report of the synergistic antimicrobial effect of these EOs in combination with physical food preservation treatments. EOs obtained by steam distillation from aerial parts of Laurus nobilis ...
Félix Benjamin - - 2013
Abstract The European Union Reference Laboratory for Listeria monocytogenes (EURL for Lm) coordinates a European network of 35 National Reference Laboratories (NRLs), most of which perform food, environmental, and veterinary Lm strain surveillance in their respective countries. The EURL activities resulted in the recent creation of a database (EURL Lm ...
Kromin A A - - 2013
In chronic experiments on rabbits, the effect of electric stimulation of the hunger center in the lateral hypothalamus on myoelectric activity of the fundal and antral parts of the stomach was studied under conditions of hunger and satiation in the absence of food. Stimulation of the lateral hypothalamus in rabbits ...
Guo Xiaojuan - - 2013
Gastric electrical stimulation (GES) has been proposed as a promising therapeutic option in treating obesity for 20 years. Currently, the available device of GES cannot meet the clinical needs. The purpose of this study is to verify the effect of a new type of adjustable gastric electrical stimulator in reducing food ...
Jia Jianna - - 2013
Microbial fuel cell (MFC) was studied as an alternate and a novel way to dispose food wastes (FWs) in a waste-to-energy form. Different organic loading rate obviously affected the performance of MFCs fed with FWs. The maximum power density of ∼18W/m(3) (∼556mW/m(2)) was obtained at COD of 3200±400mg/L and the ...
Daniel Carrie R - - 2013
Studies of diet and disease risk in India and among other Asian-Indian populations are hindered by the need for a comprehensive dietary assessment tool to capture data on the wide variety of food and nutrient intakes across different regions and ethnic groups. The nutritional component of the India Health Study, ...
Bessiere Jacinthe - - 2013
Tourist interest in different food cultures is a factor for local development in the fields of agro-food and crafts, whilst also contributing to the enhancement of food culture and heritage. As part of the tourist experience, eating local cuisine is a way of breaking with standardized, everyday routine by taking ...
Bundschuh Mirco - - 2013
The present study investigated sublethal effects of a field relevant pesticide mixture (one herbicide, three fungicides, five insecticides) on Gammarus fossarum by considering different peak exposure scenarios, which may be generated by the inherent properties of vegetated ditches. Additional experiments aimed at the identification of germane exposure pathways (food and ...
Clary Christelle M - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Validation studies of secondary datasets used to characterize neighborhood food businesses generally evaluate how accurately the database represents the true situation on the ground. Depending on the research objectives, the characterization of the business environment may tolerate some inaccuracies (e.g. minor imprecisions in location or errors in business names). ...
- - 2013
: The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is classifying the ingestible event marker into class II (special controls). The Agency is classifying the device into class II (special controls) in order to provide a reasonable assurance of safety and effectiveness of the device.
Barbash Israel M - - 2013
The Edwards SAPIEN transcatheter heart valve (THV) is approved for aortic stenosis patients considered inoperable because of high surgical risk. Based on the high-risk arm of the PARTNER trial, the Food and Drug Administration's Circulatory System Devices Panel reviewed an additional indication for use in high-risk, operable patients. Although several ...
Armstrong Jonathan B - - 2013
Large digestive organs increase rates of energy gain when food is plentiful but are costly to maintain and increase rates of energy loss when food is scarce. The physiological adaptations to this trade-off differ depending on the scale and predictability of variation in food abundance. Currently, there is little understanding ...
Mansoorian Hossein Jafari - - 2013
Electricity generation from microbial fuel cells which treat food processing wastewater was investigated in this study. Anaerobic anode and aerobic cathode chambers were separated by a proton exchange membrane in a two-compartment MFC reactor. Buffer solutions and food industry wastewater were used as electrolytes in the anode and cathode chambers, ...
Yang Jinliang - - 2013
Migration stability and biocompatibility are the crucial features for a photoinitiator or coinitiator used in UV curable formulations, especially when the cured product is in direct contact with food or human skin. To reduce the migration issues and increase the biocompatibility, a polymerizable one-component photoinitiator, 1-(1,3-benzodioxol-5-yloxy)-3-(4-benzoylphenoxy)propan-2-yl acrylate (BDOBPAc), based on ...
- - 2013
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is publishing an order granting a petition requesting exemption from premarket notification requirements for wheelchair elevator devices commonly known as inclined platform lifts and vertical platform lifts. These devices are used to provide a means for a person with a mobility impairment caused by ...
Anderson Joy - - 2013
Adverse food reactions can be caused by a wide range of foods and the reactions vary widely too. Lactation consultants and other health professionals should look for causes of infant symptoms associated with less than optimal breastfeeding management and rule out medical issues before assuming adverse food reactions are involved. ...
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