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Griffiths Claire - - 2014
BackgroundCurrent UK policy in relation to the influence of the `food environment¿ on childhood obesity appears to be driven largely on assumptions or speculations because empirical evidence is lacking and findings from studies are inconsistent. The aim of this study was to investigate the number of food outlets and the ...
Koči J J Department of Anatomy and Physiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Kansas State University, Manhattan, - - 2014
In vitro models are useful tools to initially assess the toxicological safety hazards of food ingredients. Toxicities of cinnamaldehyde (CINA), cinnamon bark oil, lemongrass oil (LGO), thymol, thyme oil (TO), clove leaf oil, eugenol, ginger root extract (GRE), citric acid, guanosine monophosphate, inosine monophosphate and sorbose (SORB) were assessed in ...
Kinani Jean-Felix JF Mountain Gorilla Veterinary Project, Inc., University of California, Davis, - - 2014
On May 14, 2013, a wild, human-habituated, juvenile female mountain gorilla (Gorilla beringei beringei) in Volcanoes National Park, Rwanda was observed utilizing a tool to acquire food. The young gorilla watched an adult male use his hand to collect ants from a hole in the ground, and then quickly withdrew ...
D'Hollander Wendy W Systemic Physiological and Ecotoxicology Research (SPHERE), Department of Biology, University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium. Electronic address: - - 2014
In the context of a European project, 12 perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs) were determined in 14 food items collected in four European countries representing northern, southern, eastern and western Europe. This study presents the results of PFAAs measured in fruit, cereals, sweets and salt. Out of the 12 PFAAs, 10 PFAAs ...
Chu T W TW a Faculty of Engineering and the Environment , University of Southampton , Southampton , United - - 2014
Source separated food waste is a valuable feedstock for renewable energy production through anaerobic digestion, and a variety of collection schemes for this material have recently been introduced. The aim of this study was to identify options that maximise collection efficiency and reduce fuel consumption as part of the overall ...
Gutekunst Lisa L DaVita, Williamsville, New York. Electronic address: - - 2014
On July 24, 2014, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) held an open forum to review proposed changes to the Nutrition Facts Label and to allow for public comment on these changes. Lisa Gutekunst, MSEd, RD, CSR, CDN, Chair of the National Kidney Foundation Council on Renal Nutrition, lobbied the ...
Astell A J AJ Ontario Shores Centre for Mental Health Sciences, Canada; University of Sheffield, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Prospective measurement of nutrition, cognition, and physical activity in later life would facilitate early detection of detrimental change and early intervention but is hard to achieve in community settings. Technology can simplify the task and facilitate daily data collection. The Novel Assessment of Nutrition and Ageing (NANA) toolkit was developed ...
Levey Andrew S AS Division of Nephrology, Tufts Medical Center, Boston, MA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The US Food and Drug Administration currently accepts halving of glomerular filtration rate (GFR), assessed as doubling of serum creatinine level, as a surrogate end point for the development of kidney failure in clinical trials of kidney disease progression. A doubling of serum creatinine level generally is a late event ...
Collignon Bertrand B Service d'Ecologie Sociale CP. 231, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Boulevard du Triomphe, 1050 Brussels, Belgium. Electronic address: - - 2014
In social species, food exploitation is a challenging cooperative task that requires communication and coordination with some individuals that are more influential in the final foraging process. Among recruiters of the ant Tetramorium caespitum that have discovered food, some individuals act as leaders that physically guide groups of recruits until ...
Ng Shu Wen SW Department of Nutrition, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North - - 2014
Corporate voluntary pledges to improve the health of Americans have not been held to either explicit measurable outcomes or a framework for independent evaluation. The Healthy Weight Commitment Foundation (HWCF), whose members include 16 of the nation's leading consumer packaged goods (CPG) food and beverage manufacturers, voluntarily pledged to collectively ...
Hawkes Kristen K Department of Anthropology, University of Utah, 270 S 1400 E Room 102, Salt Lake City, UT, 84112-0600, USA, - - 2014
Unlike other primate males, men invest substantial effort in producing food that is consumed by others. The Hunting Hypothesis proposes this pattern evolved in early Homo when ancestral mothers began relying on their mates' hunting to provision dependent offspring. Evidence for this idea comes from hunter-gatherer ethnography, but data we ...
Pinto Elsa E a Nutrition and Dietetics Program, College of Natural Sciences , University of Puerto Rico, Río Piedras Campus , Puerto - - 2014
This article describes field experiences while implementing nutrition and physical activity education in a public junior high school in Puerto Rico (PR). Participants were classified as overweight or at risk based on body mass index (BMI). Dietary intake and weight were collected. Changes in dietary intake assessed from baseline to ...
Meharg A A AA Institute for Global Food Security, Queens University Belfast, David Keir Building, Malone Road, Belfast, BT9 5BN, Northern Ireland, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Patterns of arsenic excretion were followed in a cohort (n = 6) eating a defined rice diet, 300 g per day d.wt. where arsenic speciation was characterized in cooked rice, following a period of abstinence from rice, and other high arsenic containing foods. A control group who did not consume rice were also monitored. ...
Jauch-Chara Kamila K From the Division of Psychoneurobiology, Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University of Luebeck, Luebeck, - - 2014
The dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) plays an important role in appetite and food intake regulation. Because previous data revealed that transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) of the DLPFC reduces food cravings, we hypothesized that repetitive electric stimulation of the right DLPFC would lower food intake behavior in humans. In a ...
Yu Lingling L Key Laboratory of Plant-Soil Interactions of the Ministry of Education, College of Resources and Environmental Sciences, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, People׳s Republic of - - 2014
This field experiment analyzed the phytoremediation effects of oilseed rape in moderately cadmium (Cd)-contaminated farmland and the food safety of successive rice in an oilseed rape-rice rotation system. Two oilseed rape cultivars accumulated Cd at different rates. The rapeseed cultivar Zhucang Huazi exhibited high Cd accumulation rates, higher than the ...
Whiting James G H JG Unconventional Computing Centre, University of the West of England, Bristol, - - 2014
Physarum polycephalum is a large single amoeba cell, which in its plasmodial phase, forages and connects nearby food sources with protoplasmic tubes. The organism forages for food by growing these tubes towards detected foodstuff, this foraging behaviour is governed by simple rules of photoavoidance and chemotaxis. The electrical activity of ...
- - 2014
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is classifying the transcranial magnetic stimulator for headache into class II (special controls). The special controls that will apply to the device are identified in this order, and will be part of the codified language for the transcranial magnetic stimulator for headache classification. The ...
Holley E D ED Department of Biosciences, Minnesota State University Moorhead, 1104 7th Ave S, Moorhead, MN, 56563, - - 2014
Individual zebrafish Danio rerio were assayed for exploratory tendency in a serial open field test before and after being maintained on one of four diet treatments that differed in ration and in predictability of food delivery. Danio rerio became more exploratory after being maintained on a diet with a predictable ...
Rummo Pasquale E PE 1University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill,Carolina Population Center,CB# 8120,University Square,123 West Franklin Street,Chapel Hill,NC - - 2014
Obtaining valid, reliable measures of food environments that serve Latino communities is important for understanding barriers to healthy eating in this at-risk population. The primary aim of the study was to examine agreement between retail food outlet data from two commercial databases, Nielsen TDLinx (TDLinx) for food stores and Dun ...
- - 2014
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is classifying the nonabsorbable expandable hemostatic sponge for temporary internal use into class II (special controls). The special controls that will apply to the device are identified in this order and will be part of the codified language for the nonabsorbable expandable hemostatic sponge ...
- - 2014
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is classifying the powered surgical instrument for improvement in the appearance of cellulite into class II (special controls). The Agency is classifying the device into class II (special controls) in order to provide a reasonable assurance of safety and effectiveness of the device.
Schabacker Jens J RIFCON GmbH, Goldbeckstraße 13, 69493 Hirschberg, - - 2014
The European Food Safety Authority guideline on risk assessment identifies pesticide exposure scenarios for non-target wildlife, however this scheme is not applicable to non-agricultural grassland. For example, different habitats and human utilisation on golf courses attract bird communities that differ from those found in agricultural fields with annual crop cycles. ...
Escarpa Alberto A Department of Analytical Chemistry, Physical Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Chemistry, University of Alcalá E-28871, Ctra. Madrid-Barcelona km 33,600. 28871, Alcalá de Henares, Madrid, Spain. - - 2014
These insights attempt to share with the community the lights and shadows of one emerging and exciting topic, Food Microfluidics, defined as microfluidic technology for food analysis and diagnosis in important areas such as food safety and quality. The reader is invited to question non-easy interrogations such as why Food ...
Prajapati Vipul D VD Department of Pharmaceutics, S.S.R. College of Pharmacy, Saily-Silvassa Road, Saily, Silvassa, U.T. of Dadra and Nagar Haveli 396230, India. Electronic address: - - 2014
Polysaccharides have been gaining interesting and valuable applications in the food and pharmaceutical fields. As they are derived from the natural source, they are easily available, non-toxic, cheap, biodegradable and biocompatible. Carrageenan is one among them, which fulfills the criteria of polysaccharide; it is a natural carbohydrate (polysaccharide) obtained from ...
Vuarin Pauline P UMR 7179 CNRS-MNHN, Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, 1 avenue du petit Château, 91800, Brunoy, France, - - 2014
Hibernation and daily torpor (heterothermy) have long been assumed to be adaptive responses to seasonal energy shortage. Laboratory studies have demonstrated that food shortage alone can trigger the use of heterothermy. However, their potential to predict heterothermic responses in the wild is limited, and few field studies demonstrate the dependence ...
- - 2014
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is classifying the intravascular administration set, automated air removal system into class II (special controls). The special controls that will apply to the device are identified in this order and will be part of the codified language for the intravascular administration set, automated air ...
Eto Takeshi T Interdisciplinary Graduate School of Agriculture and Engineering, University of Miyazaki, Miyazaki 889-2192, - - 2014
Small endotherms employ multiple adaptations to maintain energy balance in winter, including spontaneous daily torpor and simultaneous huddling. The relationships between these adaptations have been discussed in several previous studies, but it has not been well-established if huddling actually affects the expression of torpor in small endotherms. We examine whether ...
Rowland Neil E NE Department of Psychology, University of Florida, Gainesville FL 32611-2250, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
One of the Zeitgeists of the field for the study of ingestive behavior is that organisms are endowed with internal self-regulatory mechanisms that ensure optimal nutrition. However, the alarming increase in the prevalence of obesity challenges us to reconsider the extent to which internal regulatory mechanisms, especially in a free ...
Isa Noor Munirah - - 2014
The field of bioethics aims to ensure that modern scientific and technological advancements have been primarily developed for the benefits of humankind. This field is deeply rooted in the traditions of Western moral philosophy and socio-political theory. With respect to the view that the practice of bioethics in certain community ...
Irby Megan B MB 1 Department of Pediatrics, Wake Forest School of Medicine , Winston-Salem, - - 2014
Abstract Background: Sports, such as youth baseball (YB), are popular outlets for increasing activity, yet there has been no investigation of food environments surrounding them. The aim of this study was to observe the types of foods available and consumed by players and spectators at YB events. Methods: This was ...
Luo Yang Y Molecular and Behavioural Research Group, School of Life Sciences, Central China Normal University, 152 Luoyu Av., Wuhan 430079, - - 2014
For food-hoarding strategies to be maintained in a population, the benefits of hoarding must outweigh the costs. If rewards are too low to offset the costs of hoarding, hoarders might be expected to abandon hoarding and/or shift to an alternative storing strategy (e.g., increase food consumption). However the ability to ...
Norton Gareth J GJ School of Biological Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Cruickshank Building, St. Machar Drive, Aberdeen AB 24 3UU, Scotland, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
In a large scale survey of rice grains from markets (13 countries) and fields (6 countries), a total of 1578 rice grain samples were analysed for lead. From the market collected samples, only 0.6% of the samples exceeded the Chinese and EU limit of 0.2μgg(-1) lead in rice (when excluding ...
Monro Jean A JA Breakspear Medical Group , Hertfordshire , UK - - 2014
Abstract Owing to the involvement of the immune system in the etiology of food sensitivity, and because pulsed electromagnetic field therapy is associated with beneficial immunologic changes, it was hypothesized that pulsed electromagnetic fields may have a beneficial effect on food sensitivity. A small pilot study was carried out in ...
Lines J A - - 2014
The overwhelming majority of farmed fish produced throughout the world are killed with little or no consideration for their welfare. Fasting periods can be excessive, transport stressful and killing inhumane. At the time of writing, the salmon industry is the only sector in which consideration of the welfare of the ...
Lewis Erin D ED Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, - - 2014
Estimating dietary choline intake can be challenging due to missing foods in the current United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) database. The objectives of the study were to quantify the choline-containing moieties and the total choline content of a variety of pulses available in North America and use the expanded ...
Emorine M M CNRS, UMR6265 Centre des Sciences du Goût et de l'Alimentation, F-21000 Dijon, France; INRA, UMR1324 Centre des Sciences du Goût et de l'Alimentation, F-21000, Dijon, France; Univ. de Bourgogne, Centre des Sciences du Goût et de l'Alimentation F-21000 Dijon, - - 2014
One major issue of the food industry is reducing sodium content while maintaining food acceptability and liking. Despite extensive research in this field, little has been published on real complex food products. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the size of particles, a parameter easily adjusted in ...
Venugopalan S S Department of Prosthodontics, Saveetha Dental College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, - - 2014
Patients with orocutaneous fistulas suffer from discomfort in terms of facial esthetics, food spill over and lack of psychological confidence to present them socially. Prosthetic camouflaging of facial defects and use of silicone maxillofacial material are the alternatives to the surgical retreatment. Silicone elastomers provide more options to clinician for ...
Burger Joanna J Division of Life Sciences, Rutgers University, 604 Allison Road, Piscataway, NJ, 08854, USA, - - 2014
Vertebrates experience adverse effects from methylmercury, largely obtained through their food. Selenium has the potential to reduce the toxic effects of methylmercury (and vice versa). In this paper, we examine the selenium:mercury molar ratios in tadpoles (Lithobates sphenocephalus, Lithobates catesbeianus (formerly Rana), and a newly documented leopard frog species currently ...
Oliveira A Virgílio M AV ADAI, LAETA, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Coimbra, - - 2014
The present work is dedicated to the study of occupational cold environments in food distribution industrial units. Field measurements and a subjective assessment based on an individual questionnaire were considered. The survey was carried out in 5 Portuguese companies. The field measurements includes 26 workplaces, while a sample of 160 ...
Huang Liyan L Defence Medical & Environmental Research Institute, DSO National Laboratories, 27 Medical Drive 09-01, Singapore 117510, Republic of - - 2014
Underconsumption is a common problem among militaries around the world. The purpose of this study was to review and modify the current field ration (FR) to encourage energy intake in the field. Military servicemen from the Singapore Armed forces (N = 232) were interviewed on their perception of the current ...
Campos Manuel - - 2014
Three attract-and-kill formulations, a gel, a wax panel, and a plastic cylinder were tested in simulated warehouses at three densities of devices and at three densities of moths, Plodia interpunctella Hübner, per room. Wax panels and the cylinder formulations suppressed all the densities of moths with only one device per ...
Ekesi Sunday - - 2014
Catches of Bactrocera invadens Drew, Tsuruta, & White (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Multi-lure traps baited with six commercial food-based attractants, Mazoferm E802, Torula yeast, GF-120, Hymlure, Biolure, and Nulure were compared in mango orchards in Kenya. In 2007, Mazoferm E802 and Torula yeast were the most effective attractants and captured 2.4-2.6 ...
Jiao Shoufeng S Anhui Key Laboratory of Chemo/Biosensing, College of Chemistry and Materials Science, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu 241000, China; Huaibei Vocational & Technical College, Huaibei 235000, - - 2014
A rapid, environmental friendly, and sensitive sensor for the detection of bisphenol A (BPA) was developed at glassy carbon electrode (GCE) modified with Tannic acid functionalized N-doped graphene (TA/N-G) immobilized by Nafion. Compared with other sensors, the proposed sensor greatly enhanced the response signal of BPA due to the active ...
Santhiago Murilo M Department of Analytical Chemistry, Institute of Chemistry - UNICAMP, P.O.Box 6154, 13084-971, Campinas, SP, - - 2014
Paper has become increasingly recognized as a very interesting substrate for the construction of microfluidic devices, with potential application in a variety of areas, including health diagnosis, environmental monitoring, immunoassays and food safety. The aim of this review is to present a short history of analytical systems constructed from paper, ...
Saldaña G G a Tecnología de los Alimentos, Facultad de Veterinaria , Universidad de Zaragoza , C/Miguel Servet 177, CP 50013 , Zaragoza , - - 2014
Processing unit operations that seek to inactivate harmful microorganisms are of primary importance in ascertaining the safety of food. The capability of pulsed electric fields (PEF) to inactivate vegetative cells of microorganisms at temperatures below those used in thermal processing makes this technology very attractive as a nonthermal pasteurization process ...
Ferrari Benoit J D BJ lrstea, UR MALY 5 rue de la Doua-CS70077, Villeurbanne cedex 69626, France. - - 2014
Effective assessment of sediment quality and associated risks requires further integration between laboratory-based studies and field observations. Tools for in situ exposure of laboratory-reared organisms are particularly suitable for this purpose. However, available tools suffer from technical drawbacks that limit their use in deep waters and their general ability to ...
Miller Nathan A NA Romberg Tiburon Center and Department of Biology, San Francisco State University, Tiburon, California, United States of - - 2014
In biological systems energy serves as the ultimate commodity, often determining species distributions, abundances, and interactions including the potential impact of invasive species on native communities. The Asian clam Potamocorbula amurensis invaded the San Francisco Estuary (SFE) in 1986 and is implicated in the decline of native fish species through ...
Mutinda Matthew M Kenya Wildlife Service, Nairobi, - - 2014
Human-elephant conflict (HEC) is a recurring problem that appears wherever the range of elephants and humans overlap. Different methods including the use of electric fences are used worldwide to mitigate this conflict. Nonetheless, elephants learn quickly that their tusks do not conduct electricity and use them to break down fences ...
Forbes Kristian M KM Suonenjoki Research Unit, Finnish Forest Research Institute, Suonenjoki, Finland; Department of Biological and Environmental Science, University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, - - 2014
Marked variation occurs in both seasonal and multiannual population density peaks of northern European small mammal species, including voles. The availability of dietary proteins is a key factor limiting the population growth of herbivore species. The objective of this study is to investigate the degree to which protein availability influences ...
Xu Zheng Z State Key Laboratory of Power Transmission Equipment & System Security and New Technology, Chongqing University, 174 Shazhengjie, Shapingba, Chongqing 400044, China. - - 2014
The detection of adulteration in edible oils is a concern in the food industry, especially for the higher priced virgin olive oils. This article presents a low field unilateral nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) method for the detection of the adulteration of virgin olive oil that can be performed through sealed ...
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