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Renwick Andrew - - 2010
Leucomalachite green (LMG) is mutagenic and produces DNA-adducts in vivo, and is carcinogenic in rodent bioassays. Dose-response modelling of the data for hepatocellular adenomas and carcinomas in female mice gave a BMDL10 of 20 mg/kg-bw/day. Limited data are available on the concentrations present in fish for human consumption. Human exposure ...
Ostertag Sonja K - - 2009
Perfluorinated compounds (PFCs) have been detected in humans worldwide and are of health concern. This study measured the concentration of PFCs in composite samples collected for the 1998 Health Canada Total Diet Study and estimated dietary exposure for the Canadian population (older than 12 years of age) using previously collected ...
Haukås Marianne - - 2009
The brominated flame retardant hexabromocyclododecane (HBCD) has been reported in environmental samples worldwide. The three diastereomers, alpha-, beta- and gamma-HBCD, behave differently in aquatic food webs; likely depending on different factors influencing assimilation efficiency and metabolism. In the present study, two oral exposure experiments with rainbow trout were performed to ...
Muche-Borowski Cathleen - - 2009
Evidence-based primary prevention of allergic conditions is important in view of their increasing prevalence in Western industrialized countries. The Cochrane and Medline databases were searched for relevant scientific publications that appeared from February 2003 to May 2008. Articles in the reference lists of recent reviews were also considered, and experts ...
Boon Polly E - - 2009
In this paper, we present an approach to format national food consumption data at raw agricultural commodity (RAC) level. In this way, the data is both formatted in a harmonised way given the comparability of RACs between countries, and suitable to assess the dietary exposure to chemicals analysed in RACs ...
Conners Deanna E - - 2009
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are widely prescribed drugs that are present in sewage effluents and surface waters. The objective of the present study was to determine whether low environmentally relevant concentrations of the SSRIs fluoxetine and sertraline could impair growth and development in tadpoles of the African clawed frog ...
Sormunen Erja - - 2009
This questionnaire study evaluates how work ability and musculoskeletal symptoms associate with physical work factors and individual characteristics of the workers in cooled food-processing facilities. A total of 1,117 workers (response rate 85%) responded to the study. Poor work ability was significantly associated with longer work duration, experience of draught ...
Sariachvili Manana - - 2010
Early exposure to solid foods in infancy has been associated with the development of allergic diseases. However, scientific evidence for this is conflicting. The aim of this study was to examine the association between early exposure to solid foods in the infant's diet and the development of eczema up to ...
Felter Susan - - 2009
Due to ever-improving analytical capabilities, very low levels of unexpected chemicals can now be detected in foods. Although these may be toxicologically insignificant, such incidents often garner significant attention. The threshold of toxicological concern (TTC) methodology provides a scientifically defensible, transparent approach for putting low-level exposures in the context of ...
Deeds Jonathan R - - 2010
Palytoxin (PTX) was first isolated from the zoanthid Palythoa toxica. Evaluation of PTX toxicity using various animal models determined that PTX was extremely potent through intravenous, intraperitoneal, and intratracheal exposure. PTX was less potent by direct intragastric exposure. PTX also caused significant, non-lethal effects through dermal and ocular exposure. PTX ...
Roosens Laurence - - 2009
Human exposure to polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) through food and indoor dust ingestion was assessed for 19 Belgian adults. The intake of PBDEs (sigma-hepta BDEs and BDE 209) in the studied population is influenced mainly by diet Dietary intakes of sigmatri-hepta BDEs (BDEs 28, 47, 99, 100, 153, 154, and ...
Munaka Masahiro - - 2009
The intake of some benzoic acid-containing foods or drinks such as green tea and coffee is known to increase urinary hippuric acid (HA) concentrations, and, unless this can be accounted for, may result in false-positive findings during the biological monitoring of toluene exposure. To investigate the influence of green tea ...
Houston-Price Carmel - - 2009
Although the relationship between "mere exposure" and attitude enhancement is well established in the adult domain, there has been little similar work with children. This article examines whether toddlers' visual attention toward pictures of foods can be enhanced by repeated visual exposure to pictures of foods in a parent-administered picture ...
Cressey P - - 2009
Thirty foods assessed as being the likely major contributors to dietary preservative exposure were purchased, prepared as normally consumed and analyzed for sulfite, sorbate and benzoate. The majority of preservative concentrations (>98%) were within maximum permitted levels (MPLs) specified in the Australia New Zealand Food Standards Code. Mean population level ...
Dickson-Spillmann Maria - - 2009
Phthalates have been detected in various types of retail foods. Consumers' exposure to phthalates is common. Consumers are concerned about chemicals in food. Our aim was to investigate the relationships between consumers' exposure to phthalates through food, consumers' interest in a natural and healthy diet, risk perception of food chemicals, ...
Pan Yi-Ping - - 2009
The non-ionic surfactants are mostly composed of alkylphenols for the ingredients of synthetic food detergents. Due to the ability to mimic hormones, it has been noticed that the exposures of alkylphenols might cause a variety of adverse effects. To assess the associate risks from possible exposures, concentrations of alkylphenols, including ...
Johnson-Restrepo Boris - - 2009
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) are ubiquitous in the indoor environment, owing to their use in consumer products ranging from electronics to mattresses, furniture, and carpets. People are exposed to PBDEs through inhalation of indoor air and ingestion, and dermal absorption of dust particles present in the air. In this study, ...
Ostertag Sonja K - - 2009
Increasing evidence shows that persistent organic pollutants such as perfluorinated compounds (PFCs) are found in the Arctic ecosystem and their prevalence is causing human health concerns. The objective of this study was to estimate dietary exposure to PFCs among Inuit in northern Canada. Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS), perfluorinated carboxylates (PFCA C(7)-C(11)) ...
Osimitz Thomas G - - 2009
Pyrethrum, used as an insecticide for centuries, is derived from dried and ground flowers of Chrysanthemum cinerariaefolium. Its current major use is in insecticide products to the control insects in the home and food handling establishments. We investigated human incidents reported through the American Association of Poison Control Centers (AAPCC) ...
Bosgra Sieto - - 2009
This paper presents a framework for integrated probabilistic risk assessment of chemicals in the diet which accounts for the possibility of cumulative exposure to chemicals with a common mechanism of action. Variability between individuals in the population with respect to food consumption, concentrations of chemicals in the consumed foods, food ...
Ruprich J - - 2009
Potatoes are a source of glycoalkaloids (GAs) represented primarily by alpha-solanine and alpha-chaconine (about 95%). Content of GAs in tubers is usually 10-100 mg/kg and maximum levels do not exceed 200 mg/kg. GAs can be hazardous for human health. Poisoning involve gastrointestinal ailments and neurological symptoms. A single intake of ...
Ter Veld Marcel G R - - 2009
The present study investigated to what extent seven food-associated in vitro estrogenic compounds can induce estrogenic effects in the fetuses of pregnant female mice with an estrogen receptor (ER)-mediated luciferase (luc) reporter gene system. The luc-induction was determined either 8h after maternal dosing with a single intraperitoneal (IP) dose or ...
Christopher Cutler G - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Resurgence of insect pests following insecticide applications is often attributed to natural enemy disturbance, but hormesis could be an alternative or additional mechanism. Green peach aphid, Myzus persicae (Sulzer), is an important insect pest of many crops worldwide that may be exposed to sublethal insecticide concentrations over time. Here, ...
Katayama Keisho - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to clarify the influence of duration of intermittent hypoxia per day on ventilatory chemosensitivity. Subjects were assigned to three different groups according to the duration of exposure to intermittent hypoxia (12.3 +/- 0.2% O(2)): a first group (H-1, n = 6) was exposed to ...
Ingelido Anna Maria - - 2009
Because of its persistence and toxicological profile, beta-hexachlorocyclohexane (beta-HCH) has been proposed for inclusion in the Stockholm Convention on persistent organic pollutants (POPs). Although the use of technical HCH, which is the primary source of beta-HCH in the environment, has been banned in the EU in 1978 and progressively at ...
Bechtel Daniel G - - 2009
To determine if oil- and gas-facility emissions prospectively measured as airborne sulfur dioxide and volatile organic compounds (VOCs) were associated with immunomodulation in neonatal beef calves, veterinarians collected samples from 325 calves from 60 western Canadian herds in the spring of 2002. Researchers assessed immune system effects by enumerating B-lymphocytes ...
Kim Tae-Kyu - - 2009
The aim of this study was to monitor and assess the risk associated with the presence of furan in various food products consumed in Korea. An optimized analytical method was used for the analysis of furan levels. The optimized solid-phase microextraction (SPME) fiber exposure conditions as follows for temperature, time, ...
Mariscal-Arcas M - - 2009
Bisphenol-A (BPA), material for polycarbonate and epoxy resin synthesis, has been detected in canned food, among other food containers. In mammal studies, BPA transferred from mother to fetus, caused abnormality of reproductive organs, and advanced female puberty. BPA from canned food and microwave containers was analyzed using high performance liquid ...
Hertsgaard Louise A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Previous studies with adult smokers have shown an association between number of cigarettes smoked per day (CPD) and levels of biomarkers of exposure to the tobacco-specific lung carcinogen 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone (NNK). This study compared carcinogen and nicotine exposure in adolescent and adult smokers across categories of CPD. METHOD: Baseline smoking ...
Mc Donnell Patricia E - - 2008
Agricultural workers have higher rates of long-term sick leave associated with respiratory disease than any other worker groups. There is currently no published data on the extent to which Irish agricultural workers are exposed to occupational respiratory hazards. This investigation focused on Irish swine farm workers in concentrated animal feeding ...
Sobus Jon R - - 2008
Exposure to diesel exhaust (DE) has been associated with acute cardiopulmonary and vascular responses, chronic noncancer health effects, and respiratory cancers in humans. To better understand DE exposures and eventually their related health effects, we established a controlled chamber experiment wherein human volunteer subjects were exposed to approximately 100 microg/m3 ...
Jensen Allan Astrup - - 2009
BACKGROUND, AIM AND SCOPE: Glass wools are man-made vitreous fibres, which consist principally of sodium, calcium and magnesium silicates, but may contain smaller amounts of other elements, including boron. The boron contents originate from the use of borates in the glass melting process as a glass former and a flux ...
Fett Anne-Kathrin - - 2009
Effects of cue exposure to high and low-caloric food on body image satisfaction and the moderating role of body mass index (BMI) and restraint were investigated in 77 lean unrestrained, lean restrained and overweight restrained females. Body (BS) and weight satisfaction (WS) were assessed before and after the cue exposure. ...
Richardson G Mark - - 2009
There are four published reference exposure levels (RELs) for Hg(0), ranging from 0.09microg/m(3) to 1microg/m(3). All RELs were derived from the same toxicological database, predominantly of male chloralkali workers. Some key factors are apparent which make the use of that database questionable for REL derivation. Occupational studies of chloralkali workers ...
Martyny J W - - 2008
Recently, worker exposures to diacetyl, a chemical used in the production of butter popcorn, has been linked to bronchiolitis obliterans, a severe lung disease. This chemical is also used in the flavor industry to confer a buttery flavor to many food products, with more than 228,000 pounds used in 2005. ...
Ruf??an-Henares J A - - 2008
Estimation of hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) exposure of the Spanish population from heat-processed food was performed. HMF levels in Spanish foods were obtained from the data previously published in peer-reviewed papers; in addition, it was identified which food categories contributed significantly to HMF exposure. The potential HMF exposure was calculated for three ...
Lin Tzeng Jih - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: The nationwide epidemiology of organophosphate pesticide (OP) poisoning has never been reported in detail for Taiwan. METHODS: This study retrospectively reviewed all human OP exposures reported to Taiwan's Poison Control Centers (PCCs) from July 1985 through December 2006. RESULTS: There were 4799 OP exposures. Most OP exposures were acute ...
del Pozo Jose L - - 2009
The activity of electrical current against planktonic bacteria has previously been demonstrated. The short-term exposure of the bacteria in biofilms to electrical current in the absence of antimicrobials has been shown to have no substantial effect; however, longer-term exposure has not been studied. A previously described in vitro model was ...
Wright Chris - - 2009
Incoming legislation on the registration, evaluation, authorisation and restriction of chemical substances places responsibility on the chemical industry, including downstream users of chemicals, to provide appropriate safety information with which to improve the protection of human health and the environment through the better and earlier identification of the intrinsic properties ...
Beketov Mikhail A - - 2008
For flowing water bodies no information is available about patterns of contaminant distribution in flowing water compared to macrophyte-dominated structures. The aim of the study was to examine temporal dynamic and spatial cross-channel variability of pulse exposure of the insecticide thiacloprid in outdoor stream mesocosms. Two distinct cross-channel sections have ...
Salvatore Alicia L - - 2008
We studied the relationship between behaviors promoted through the US Environmental Protection Agency Worker Protection Standard (WPS) and other programs and agricultural pesticide exposures in 73 strawberry fieldworkers employed in Monterey County, California. Farmworkers' behaviors were assessed via self-report and organophosphorus (OP) pesticide exposure was measured using dimethyl alkylphosphate (DMAP) ...
Loh Ching-Hui - - 2008
Data about hepatic effects of ethylene glycol ethers had been limited and inconsistent. In this study, we determined whether ethylene glycol monoethyl ether acetate (EGEEA) was a hepatotoxin in exposed workers. Workers from one silk-screening shop (n=29), using EGEEA as the major cleaning solvent, were recruited as high exposure group. ...
Sanchez Brian C - - 2008
The detection of harmful chemicals and biological agents in real time is a critical need for protecting freshwater ecosystems. We studied the real-time effects of five environmental contaminants with differing modes of action (atrazine, cadmium chloride, pentachlorophenol, malathion, and potassium cyanide) on respiratory oxygen consumption in 2-day postfertilization fathead minnow ...
Fustinoni S - - 2008
This study deals with pesticide exposure profile in some European countries with a specific focus on ethylenebisdithiocarbamates (EBDC). In all, 55 Bulgarian greenhouse workers, 51 Finnish potato farmers, 48 Italian vineyard workers, 42 Dutch floriculture farmers, and 52 Bulgarian zineb producers entered the study. Each group was matched with a ...
Cockell Kevin A - - 2008
Copper is an essential nutrient that is toxic in excess. Copper intakes from a balanced diet appear to meet the needs of most healthy individuals, because overt deficiency and toxicity are rare. Some uncertainty, however, persists because of limitations in currently available biomarkers used to assess copper status and the ...
- - 2008
The National Toxicology Program (NTP) Center for the Evaluation of Risks to Human Reproduction (CERHR) conducted an evaluation of the potential for bisphenol A to cause adverse effects on reproduction and development in humans. The CERHR Expert Panel on Bisphenol A completed its evaluation in August 2007. CERHR selected bisphenol ...
Jemec Anita - - 2008
The effects of ingested nano-sized titanium dioxide (TiO2; anatase, 15 nm) on the terrestrial isopod Porcellio scaber (Isopoda, Crustacea) after short-term (3-d) dietary exposure were studied. Activities of antioxidant enzymes, such as catalase (CAT) and glutathione-S-transferase (GST), in digestive glands were affected in a dose-independent manner, but higher-level isopod endpoints, ...
Swaen Gmh - - 2008
This epidemiological study was carried out to evaluate the possible association between occupational exposure to ethylenebisdithiocarbamates (EDBC) and allergy. The study was conducted in four countries in the European Union: The Netherlands, Finland, Italy and Bulgaria. A total of 248 workers exposed to EDBC and 231 non-occupationally exposed subjects entered ...
Gray Jennifer N - - 2008
Several potential reduced exposure products (PREPs) for smokeless tobacco (SLT) users are marketed in the United States, though their effects are largely unknown. These products include some that are low in tobacco-specific nitrosamines (TSNs), like Stonewall, a pressed tobacco tablet, and General snus, a moist snuff product produced in Sweden. ...
Rice Deborah C - - 2008
It has been known for decades that methylmercury is a potent neurotoxicant, and that the developing brain is more susceptible to impairment as a result of methylmercury exposure than is the adult. Exposure to methylmercury is exclusively through consumption of fish and marine mammals. In recent years, the potential for ...
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