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Buklijas Tatjana T Liggins Institute, University of Auckland, 85 Park Road, Grafton, Auckland, New Zealand. Electronic address: - - 2013
Cambridge scientists Robert McCance and Elsie Widdowson are best known for their work on the British food tables and wartime food rations, but it is their research on prenatal and early postnatal growth that is today seen as a foundation of the fields studying the impact of environment upon prenatal ...
Bouyoucos Ian I Virginia Institute of Marine Science, P.O. Box 1346, Gloucester Point, VA, 23062, U.S.A.; Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, The University of Michigan, 830 North University, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109-1048, - - 2013
Atlantic sturgeon (Acipenser oxyrhynchus) populations have been declared either endangered or threatened under the U.S. Endangered Species Act. Effective measures to repel sturgeon from fishing gear would be beneficial to both fish and fishers because they could reduce both fishery-associated mortality and the need for seasonal and area closures of ...
Qualls Whitney A WA Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL. Electronic address: - - 2013
The efficacy of attractive toxic sugar baits (ATSB) with the active ingredient eugenol, an Environmental Protection Agency exempt compound, was evaluated against vector and nuisance mosquitoes in both laboratory and field studies. In the laboratory, eugenol combined in attractive sugar bait (ASB) solution provided high levels of mortality for Aedes ...
Bou Khalil Rami - - 2013
Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is a non-invasive technique with mild side effects. Some forms of obesity may arise from eating disorders and recent data suggest that rTMS treatment could have beneficial effects in eating disorders. The purpose of this comprehensive review is to hypothesize that rTMS may play a ...
Gallina S - - 2013
In June 2011, an outbreak of Staphylococcus aureus enterotoxin food poisoning gastroenteritis occurred in Turin, Italy, following a catered dinner party at a private home. Within a few hours, 26 of the 47 guests experienced gastrointestinal illness, and 9 were hospitalized. A retrospective cohort study using a standardized questionnaire was ...
Ma Xiaoguang X Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, - - 2013
Several spatial measures of community food access identifying so called "food deserts" have been developed based on geospatial information and commercially-available, secondary data listings of food retail outlets. It is not known how data inaccuracies influence the designation of Census tracts as areas of low access. This study replicated the ...
Villamil Soledad C SC Department of Entomology and Nematology, University of California, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA95616, - - 2013
Bactrocera oleae (Rossi) (Diptera: Tephritidae, Dacinae) is an oligophagous species that feeds only on cultivated olives (Olea europaea L.) and its close relatives. Synchrony of seasonal activity patterns of B. oleae, the olive fruit fly with its host's phenology is therefore expected. The objective of this study was to monitor ...
- - 2013
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA or Agency) is classifying the scleral plug into class II (special controls), and exempting the scleral plugs composed of surgical grade stainless steel (with or without coating in gold, silver, or titanium) from premarket notification (510(k)) and continuing to require premarket notification (510(k)) for ...
Johns R C - - 2013
A 4-yr field study was carried out to study the dispersal behavior of young larvae of the eastern spruce budworm (Choristoneura fumiferana Clemens) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) within and between crowns of balsam fir (Abies balsamea (L.) Miller), through the peak to decline of an outbreak. Newly hatched neonates, searching for overwintering ...
Guan Yufang - - 2013
The interaction between ε-polylysine (ε-PL) and anionic polysaccharides has gained considerable attention recently because of its scientific impact on the stability and appearance of liquid food systems. The purpose of this study was to characterize the interactions between ε-PL and carboxymethyl sweet potato starch (CSS) using isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC), ...
Rodrigues D - - 2013
This work evaluated the effect of magnetic hyperthermia (MH) on planktonic cells and biofilms of a major food spoilage bacterium Pseudomonas fluorescens and its performance compared to a conventional direct heating (DH) technique. The results showed that MH had a greater and faster bactericidal effect, promoting a significant reduction in ...
Félix Benjamin - - 2013
Abstract The European Union Reference Laboratory for Listeria monocytogenes (EURL for Lm) coordinates a European network of 35 National Reference Laboratories (NRLs), most of which perform food, environmental, and veterinary Lm strain surveillance in their respective countries. The EURL activities resulted in the recent creation of a database (EURL Lm ...
Khallaayoune Khalid K Department of Parasitology, Institut Agronomique et Vétérinaire Hassan II, B.P. 6202, Rabat-Instituts, Morocco - - 2013
We evaluated the efficacy of attractive toxic sugar baits (ATSB) in the laboratory and field with the low-risk active ingredient dinotefuran against mosquito populations. Preliminary laboratory assays indicated that dinotefuran in solution with the sugar baits was ingested and resulted in high mortality of female Culex quinquefasciatus Say and Aedes ...
Kotsanopoulos Konstantinos V KV a Faculty of Agriculture , University of Thessaly , Fytoko Str., Nea Ionia Magnesias , Volos , 38446 , - - 2013
ABSTRACT Membrane processing technology is increasingly used nowadays in a wide range of applications (demineralization, desalination, stabilization, separation, deacidification, reduction of microbial load, purification, etc.) in food industries. The most frequently applied techniques are electrodialysis, reverse osmosis, nanofiltration, ultrafiltration and microfiltration. Several membrane characteristics such as pore size, flow properties ...
Lamia Cherrat - - 2013
This study describes the antioxidant and antimicrobial activity of Laurus nobilis L. and Myrtus communis L. essential oils (EO). This is the first report of the synergistic antimicrobial effect of these EOs in combination with physical food preservation treatments. EOs obtained by steam distillation from aerial parts of Laurus nobilis ...
Félix Benjamin - - 2013
Abstract The European Union Reference Laboratory for Listeria monocytogenes (EURL for Lm) coordinates a European network of 35 National Reference Laboratories (NRLs), most of which perform food, environmental, and veterinary Lm strain surveillance in their respective countries. The EURL activities resulted in the recent creation of a database (EURL Lm ...
Kromin A A - - 2013
In chronic experiments on rabbits, the effect of electric stimulation of the hunger center in the lateral hypothalamus on myoelectric activity of the fundal and antral parts of the stomach was studied under conditions of hunger and satiation in the absence of food. Stimulation of the lateral hypothalamus in rabbits ...
Guo Xiaojuan - - 2013
Gastric electrical stimulation (GES) has been proposed as a promising therapeutic option in treating obesity for 20 years. Currently, the available device of GES cannot meet the clinical needs. The purpose of this study is to verify the effect of a new type of adjustable gastric electrical stimulator in reducing food ...
Jia Jianna - - 2013
Microbial fuel cell (MFC) was studied as an alternate and a novel way to dispose food wastes (FWs) in a waste-to-energy form. Different organic loading rate obviously affected the performance of MFCs fed with FWs. The maximum power density of ∼18W/m(3) (∼556mW/m(2)) was obtained at COD of 3200±400mg/L and the ...
Daniel Carrie R - - 2013
Studies of diet and disease risk in India and among other Asian-Indian populations are hindered by the need for a comprehensive dietary assessment tool to capture data on the wide variety of food and nutrient intakes across different regions and ethnic groups. The nutritional component of the India Health Study, ...
Bessiere Jacinthe - - 2013
Tourist interest in different food cultures is a factor for local development in the fields of agro-food and crafts, whilst also contributing to the enhancement of food culture and heritage. As part of the tourist experience, eating local cuisine is a way of breaking with standardized, everyday routine by taking ...
Bundschuh Mirco - - 2013
The present study investigated sublethal effects of a field relevant pesticide mixture (one herbicide, three fungicides, five insecticides) on Gammarus fossarum by considering different peak exposure scenarios, which may be generated by the inherent properties of vegetated ditches. Additional experiments aimed at the identification of germane exposure pathways (food and ...
Clary Christelle M - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Validation studies of secondary datasets used to characterize neighborhood food businesses generally evaluate how accurately the database represents the true situation on the ground. Depending on the research objectives, the characterization of the business environment may tolerate some inaccuracies (e.g. minor imprecisions in location or errors in business names). ...
- - 2013
: The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is classifying the ingestible event marker into class II (special controls). The Agency is classifying the device into class II (special controls) in order to provide a reasonable assurance of safety and effectiveness of the device.
Terefe Netsanet Shiferaw NS a CSIRO Food and Nutritional Sciences , 671 Sneydes Rd , VIC 3030 , - - 2013
Abstract Pulsed electric field (PEF) processing is an effective food preservation technique for the pasteurization of pumpable food products since it inactivates vegetative microbial cells at ambient to moderate temperature without significantly affecting the nutritional and sensorial quality of the product. However, conflicting views are expressed about the effect of ...
Barbash Israel M - - 2013
The Edwards SAPIEN transcatheter heart valve (THV) is approved for aortic stenosis patients considered inoperable because of high surgical risk. Based on the high-risk arm of the PARTNER trial, the Food and Drug Administration's Circulatory System Devices Panel reviewed an additional indication for use in high-risk, operable patients. Although several ...
Armstrong Jonathan B - - 2013
Large digestive organs increase rates of energy gain when food is plentiful but are costly to maintain and increase rates of energy loss when food is scarce. The physiological adaptations to this trade-off differ depending on the scale and predictability of variation in food abundance. Currently, there is little understanding ...
Mansoorian Hossein Jafari - - 2013
Electricity generation from microbial fuel cells which treat food processing wastewater was investigated in this study. Anaerobic anode and aerobic cathode chambers were separated by a proton exchange membrane in a two-compartment MFC reactor. Buffer solutions and food industry wastewater were used as electrolytes in the anode and cathode chambers, ...
Yang Jinliang - - 2013
Migration stability and biocompatibility are the crucial features for a photoinitiator or coinitiator used in UV curable formulations, especially when the cured product is in direct contact with food or human skin. To reduce the migration issues and increase the biocompatibility, a polymerizable one-component photoinitiator, 1-(1,3-benzodioxol-5-yloxy)-3-(4-benzoylphenoxy)propan-2-yl acrylate (BDOBPAc), based on ...
- - 2013
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is publishing an order granting a petition requesting exemption from premarket notification requirements for wheelchair elevator devices commonly known as inclined platform lifts and vertical platform lifts. These devices are used to provide a means for a person with a mobility impairment caused by ...
Anderson Joy - - 2013
Adverse food reactions can be caused by a wide range of foods and the reactions vary widely too. Lactation consultants and other health professionals should look for causes of infant symptoms associated with less than optimal breastfeeding management and rule out medical issues before assuming adverse food reactions are involved. ...
Mollen Saar - - 2013
The behavior of others in people's social environment (i.e., descriptive norms), as well as their opinions regarding appropriate actions (i.e., injunctive norms) strongly influence people's decisions and actions. The goal of this study was to extend prior laboratory research on the influence of social norms on food choices, by conducting ...
Mariette Mylene M - - 2013
The foraging benefits of coloniality, whereby colony members exchange information about food location, have been suggested as a primary factor influencing the evolution of coloniality. However, despite its longstanding popularity, this hypothesis has rarely been tested experimentally. Here, we conducted a field experiment in the wild Zebra Finch Taeniopygia guttata ...
Saavedra Serguei S Integrative Ecology Group, Estación Biológica de Doñana (EBD-CSIC), Américo Vespucio s/n, 41092 Sevilla, Spain. - - 2013
Theory purports that animal foraging choices evolve to maximize returns, such as net energy intake. Empirical research in both human and non-human animals reveals that individuals often attend to the foraging choices of their competitors while making their own foraging choices. Owing to the complications of gathering field data or ...
Thomsen Jörn - - 2013
Ocean acidification is expected to decrease calcification rates of bivalves. Nevertheless, in many coastal areas high pCO2 variability is encountered already today. Kiel Fjord (Western Baltic Sea) is a brackish (12-20 g kg(-1) ) and CO2 enriched habitat, but the blue mussel Mytilus edulis dominates the benthic community. In a coupled field ...
Wang Ruoyu - - 2013
In this paper, the novel surface molecularly imprinted polymers based on dendritic-grafting magnetic nanoparticles were developed to enrich and separate glibenclamide in health foods. The density functional theory method was used to give theoretical directions to the synthesis of molecularly imprinted polymers. The polymers were prepared by using magnetic nanoparticles ...
Roussel Sophie - - 2013
Listeriosis is a severe infection which mainly affects pregnant women, neonates and immuno-compromised adults. ANSES's Laboratory for Food safety has been the European Union Reference Laboratory (EURL) for L. monocytogenes in the food chain since 2006. Pulsed Field Gel Electrophoresis (PFGE) is routinely used in the EURL for the surveillance ...
Asif Muhammad - - 2013
Pulses are highly nutritious seeds of pod-bearing leguminous plants, specifically dry peas, lentils, and chickpeas. US farmers harvest about 2.6 million pounds of pulses every year but 75% of this is being exported internationally because of its increased consumption in the developing countries. In the current scenario, increasing costs of ...
Motwani Nisha H - - 2013
Our current knowledge on the microbial component of zooplankton diet is limited, and it is generally assumed that bacteria-sized prey is not directly consumed by most mesozooplankton grazers in the marine food webs. We questioned this assumption and conducted field and laboratory studies to examine picocyanobacteria contribution to the diets ...
Jian Jin-Ming - - 2013
In this study, reduced graphene oxide (rGO) was electrochemically deposited on the surface of screen-printed carbon electrodes (SPCE) to prepare a disposable sensor for fast detection of Pb2+ in foods. The SEM images showed that the rGO was homogeneously deposited onto the electrode surface with a wrinkled nanostructure, which provided ...
Caffrey Kevin R KR Biological and Agricultural Engineering, North Carolina State University, Box 7625, Raleigh, NC 27695, - - 2013
Agriculture is a diverse field that produces a wide array of products vital to society. As global populations continue to grow the competition for natural resources will increase pressure on agricultural production of food, fiber, energy, and various high value by-products. With elevated concerns related to environmental impacts associated with ...
Geyer Roland - - 2012
Growth in biofuel production, which is meant to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and fossil en-ergy demand, is increasingly seen as a threat to food supply and natural habitats. Using photovoltaics (PV) to directly convert solar radiation into electricity for battery electric vehicles (BEVs) is an alterna-tive to photosynthesis, which ...
Preis S - - 2012
Increased volatile organic compounds emissions and commensurate tightening of applicable legislation mean that the development and application of effective, cost-efficient abatement methods are areas of growing concern. This paper reviews the last two decades' publications on organic vapour emissions from food processing, their sources, impacts and treatment methods. An overview ...
Zuehlke J M - - 2012
Understanding the characteristics of yeast spoilage, as well as the available control technologies, is vital to producing consistent, high-quality wine. Zygosaccharomyces bailii contamination may result in refermentation and CO(2) production in sweet wines or grape juice concentrate, whereas Brettanomyces bruxellensis spoilage often contributes off-odors and flavors to red wines. Early ...
Chen Yougui - - 2012
Fruit juice has been traditionally preserved by thermal pasteurisation. However, the applied heat can cause detrimental effects on health-promoting components such as phenolic compounds. Several non-thermal technologies such as membrane filtration, pulsed electric field (PEF) and ultraviolet (UV) exposure are promising methods developed for liquid food preservation. In particular, the ...
Papanagiotou P - - 2013
Expected quality is believed to be one of the most important factors that influence consumers' intention to purchase food. The present study seeks to explore the concept of pork meat expected quality and compare it with self-stated consumer intention to purchase pork meat. The aim is attempted by means of ...
Vanthoor-Koopmans Marieke - - 2012
Microalgae are a promising source for proteins, lipids and carbohydrates for the food/feed and biofuel industry. In comparison with soya and palm oil, microalgae can be grown in a more efficient and sustainable way. To make microalgae production economically feasible it is necessary to optimally use all produced compounds. To ...
Woodward Guy - - 2012
Experimental data from intergenerational field manipulations of entire food webs are scarce, yet such approaches are essential for gauging impacts of environmental change in natural systems. We imposed 2 years of intermittent drought on stream channels in a replicated field trial, to measure food web responses to simulated climate change. ...
An Ruopeng R RAND Corporation, 1776 Main Street, PO Box 2138, Santa Monica, CA 90407, USA. - - 2013
To systematically review evidence from field interventions on the effectiveness of monetary subsidies in promoting healthier food purchases and consumption. Keyword and reference searches were conducted in five electronic databases: Cochrane Library, EconLit, MEDLINE, PsycINFO and Web of Science. Studies were included based on the following criteria: (i) intervention: field ...
Sahelangi P - - 2012
Indonesia is the largest archipelago in the world, consisting of five main islands and 17,500 smaller islands, spread across three seismic belts that run throughout the country. Indonesia is extremely prone to disasters, both natural and manmade. With a total population of nearly 250 million people, Indonesia's Muslim community exceeds ...
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