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Results 201 - 250 of 679
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Ye S D - - 2006
A novel solid-state fermentation apparatus, namely an upright multi-tray conidiation chamber, was developed to facilitate the production of aerial conidia of fungal biocontrol agents, such as Beauveria bassiana. The chamber with 25 bottom-meshed metal trays had a capacity of > or =50 kg rice with each tray holding > or ...
Landberg Rikard - - 2006
The total alkylresorcinol (AR) content and relative homologue composition of 21 durum wheat (Triticum durum) kernel samples, as well as 5 pasta products and the corresponding flour mixtures, were determined. Durum wheat contained on average 455 microg/g ARs, and the average relative homologue composition was C17:0 (0.4%), C19:0 (14%), C21:0 ...
Barboza Perry S - - 2006
We studied castrated adult muskoxen fed a standard diet of grass hay and supplement throughout the year to determine seasonal changes in digesta passage, fill, and fermentation without the confounding effects of reproductive demands or changes in food quality. Although food intake increased by 74% between spring and autumn, mean ...
Mokoena M P - - 2006
AIMS: Aflatoxin B(1) (AFB(1)) is a mycotoxin which is known to frequently contaminate poorly stored food products destined for human consumption. This study was carried out to investigate the potential activity of lactic acid fermentation in reducing AFB(1) level in fermented maize meal products. METHODS AND RESULTS: Maize meal was ...
Lin Chia-Hung - - 2006
In the present study, soybean koji fermented with various GRAS filamentous fungi, including Aspergillus sojae BCRC 30103, Aspergillus oryzae BCRC 30222, Aspergillus awamori, Actinomucor taiwanensis and Rhizopus sp. These organisms are commonly used as starters in the fermentation of many traditional, oriental food products. The growth of starter organisms, total ...
Wu Yan - - 2006
Pepsin digestion prior to mass analysis increases the spatial resolution of hydrogen exchange mass spectrometry experiments. Online digestion with immobilized pepsin is advantageous for several reasons including better digestion efficiency. We have found that certain immobilized pepsin columns cause substantial deuterium back-exchange, rendering the data unusable. When pepsin immobilized on ...
Brooks Andrew S - - 2006
Slugs are major pests of many crops in the UK, including winter wheat, yet current methods of control are often unreliable. The aim of this study was to investigate three issues key to the successful field implementation of a control strategy that uses red clover as an alternative food source ...
Schiraldi C - - 2006
The physiology of Lactobacillus delbrueckii ssp. bulgaricus and Lactobacillus casei, extensively used in the dairy industry, was studied in order to evaluate key parameters in the synthesis of exopolysaccharides and to improve their production through novel fermentation processes. Selected strains were studied in shake flasks and in fermentor experiments using ...
Perry Paul A - - 2006
The diffusion coefficients of dextran probes of various molecular weights in starch solutions over a wide concentration range were carried out using fluorescent recovery after photobleaching (FRAP), combined with a confocal microscope and tracer probe diffusion. The technique is simple to implement and can be carried out using increasingly common ...
Gernah, DI; Department of ...
Effect of incubation materials: gmelina (<i>Gmelina arborea</i>) leaves, banana (<i>Musa sapeinta</i>) leaves, jute bag and polythene bag on the fermentation rate and acceptability of fermented African locust beans ‘dawadawa' was investigated. Fermentation was carried out at 30&#176;C and 35&#176;C for 72 hours. Fermentation rate was determined as a function of ...
Azokpota P - - 2006
African locust bean (Parkia biglobosa) was processed to produce afitin, iru and sonru, three different types of condiment from Benin. Whereas the fermentation of African locust bean to produce afitin is carried out for 24 h without using any additive, the fermentation for iru and sonru production takes place for ...
Walsh, Kelly Robert
Soy isoflavonoids are phytoestrogenic compounds that exist in three families defined by their parent aglycones daidzein, glycitein and genistein. Beta-, acetyl- and malonylglucosides of isoflavonoid aglycones predominate in non-fermented soy products, whereas fermented soy foods are rich in aglycones. Isoflavonoid glucosides must be converted to aglycones prior to absorption from ...
Adenike A.O. Ogunshe
A total of 134 bacterial isolates characterized as <I>Bacillus cereus var. mycoides, B. coagulans, B. licheniformis, B. megaterium, B. pumilus, B. subtilis, Staphylococcus cereus </I>and <I>S. saprophyticus </I>were isolated from fermenting <I>Albizia saman</I> seeds during the laboratory production of <I>aisa</I>, a potential food seasoning condiment. <I>Bacillus </I>species were the most ...
Hernon F - - 2006
Large quantities of biodegradable food waste in the form of fruit and vegetables are still being deposited in landfill sites in Ireland. The development of an anaerobic digestion process using fermentative species which degrade the carbohydrate-rich waste could divert the food waste from landfills. We identified fermentative species grown on ...
Ruiz Encarnación - - 2006
Olive tree wood and sunflower stalks are agricultural residues largely available at low cost in Mediterranean countries. As renewable lignocellulosic materials, their bioconversion may allow both obtaining a value-added product, for fuel ethanol, and facilitating their elimination. In this work, the ethanol production from olive tree wood and sunflower stalks ...
Aidoo Kofi E - - 2006
In the Asian region, indigenous fermented foods are important in daily life. In many of these foods, yeasts are predominant and functional during the fermentation. The diversity of foods in which yeasts predominate ranges from leavened bread-like products such as nan and idli, to alcoholic beverages such as rice and ...
Nishimura Kazuhiro - - 2006
Changes in polyamine levels during aging were measured in 3-, 10- and 26-week-old female mice. The level of polyamines in pancreas, brain, and uterus was maintained during these periods. The level of spermidine slightly decreased in intestine, and decreased significantly in thymus, spleen, ovary, liver, stomach, lung, kidney, heart and ...
Espinosa-Martos I - - 2006
The effects of maturity degree and culture type on oligosaccharide content were studied in soybean seed, a rich source of non-digestible galactooligosaccharides (GOS). Therefore, two commercial cultivars of yellow soybeans (ripe seeds) and two of green soybeans (unripe seeds) were chosen. One yellow and one green soybean seed were from ...
Urga K, Fufa H, ...
Grass pea (Lathyrus sativus   L.) is one of the most important food legumes in countries like Bangladesh, India and Ethiopia. The legume is nutritious, rich in protein (28-32%) and contains good quantities of essential amino acids. Consumption of Lathyrus sativus seeds has been associated for more than 2000 years ...
Lee Suyong - - 2005
Two new oat beta-glucan hydrocolloids (designated C-trim20 and C-trim30) obtained through a thermal-shearing process were evaluated for their potential use in food products as functional ingredients. Their rheological characteristics were investigated using steady and dynamic shear measurements. Both samples exhibited typical shear-thinning and viscoelastic properties of random coil polysaccharides. The ...
Oumarou Habiba - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Many African mothers use gruels made of maize and sorghum as complementary foods for their infants because they cannot afford the cost of nutritionally superior commercial weaning foods. OBJECTIVE: To improve the nutritional quality of traditional sorghum gruels used as complementary foods for children between six months and five ...
Ferreira G - - 2005
Estimating the available energy in corn silage provides a unique challenge because the silage contains variable proportions of grain and stover, each of which can differ in availability due to chemical composition and physical form. The objectives of this study were to investigate relationships among chemical components and their relationships ...
Wong Ka-Hing - - 2005
Preparation of three novel dietary fibers (DFs) from mushroom sclerotia, namely, Pleurotus tuberregium, Polyporous rhinocerus, and Wolfiporia cocos, by a scale-up modified AOAC procedure using industrial enzymes was investigated. A remarkably high level of total dietary fiber (TDF) ranging from 81.7 to 96.3% sample dry matter (DM), in which a ...
Kim Kyung-Soo - - 2005
The ultrastructures of isolated starch granules from Ilpumbyeo (IP), a low-amylose japonica rice, and its mutant, Goami2 (G2), a high-amylose rice, which have extreme contrasts in physicochemical properties, cooking qualities (Kang, H. J.; Hwang, I. K.; Kim, K. S.; Choi, H. C. Comparative structure and physicochemical properties of Ilpumbyeo, a ...
Yang S Y - - 2006
This study was conducted to determine the effects of lactic acid bacteria (LAB, Lactobacillus salivarius) inoculation on the microbial, physical and chemical properties of food waste mixture (FWM) stored at ambient temperature (25 degrees C) for 10 and 30 days. A complete pig diet including restaurant food waste, bakery by-product, ...
De Angelis Maria - - 2006
The native structure and distribution of gliadin epitopes responsible for Celiac Sprue (CS) may be influenced by cereal food processing. This work was aimed at showing the capacity of probiotic VSL#3 to decrease the toxicity of wheat flour during long-time fermentation. VSL#3 (10(9) cfu/ml) hydrolyzed completely the alpha2-gliadin-derived epitopes 62-75 ...
Lu Houyuan - - 2005
Noodles have been a popular staple food in many parts of the world for at least 2,000 years, although it is debatable whether the Chinese, the Italians or the Arabs invented them first. Here we analyse a prehistoric sample of noodles contained in a well preserved, sealed earthenware bowl discovered ...
Tou E H - - 2006
Traditional cereal-based fermented foods are frequently used as complementary foods for infants and young children in Africa. This is the case for ben-saalga, a popular fermented gruel produced from pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum) in Burkina Faso. Detailed knowledge of traditional processing is a prerequisite for investigating ways to improve both ...
Dakwa Sarah - - 2005
Soybeans which had initially been dehulled by either boiling (boiled/dehulled) or roasting (roasted/dehulled) before peeling, were cooked and fermented into dawadawa, a traditional food condiment. The micropopulation, enzymatic activities, proximate composition, amino acid, and aroma profiles of the two types of soybean dawadawa were evaluated during fermentation. Only minor differences ...
Wang Xiaogang - - 2005
Caffeine is widely used in the food and pharmaceutical industries. For safety concerns, natural caffeine is preferred over synthetic products despite of its high cost. To explore more economical methods of acquiring natural caffeine, we adopted a microbial fermentation technique to increase the caffeine content of tea leaves. Our studies ...
Morelon X - - 2005
Enzymatic starch granule hydrolysis is one of the most important reactions in many industrial processes. In this work, we investigated the capacity of SdFFF to monitor the native rice starch amylolysis. In order to determine if fractogram changes observed were correlated to granule biophysical modifications which occurred during amylolysis, SdFFF ...
DeVries Jonathan W - - 2005
A review is presented describing the nature and evolving definition of dietary fiber. The historical development of the current definition is discussed as are the efforts to develop analytical methods to support food labeling regulations. Also considered are the characterization and quantitation of resistance starch, a dietary starch that does ...
De Lucas A - - 2005
Nitrate utilisation batch experiments have been carried out with different agro-food industrial wastewaters. The results obtained were modelled using a modification of the ASM2d to determine the main kinetic and stoichiometric parameters: denitrification rate with fermentation products (q(N-SA)) and with fermentable substrates (q(N-SF)); fermentation products and fermentable substrates consumption rates, ...
Pérez Elevina - - 2005
The aim of the present study was to evaluate some chemical and mineral characteristics and functional and rheological properties of Canna and Arrowroot starches produced in the Venezuelan Andes. Canna starch showed a higher (P < 0.05) moisture, ash, and crude protein content than arrowroot starch, while crude fiber, crude ...
Kaper Thijs - - 2005
Amylomaltases are 4-alpha-glucanotransferases (EC 2.4.1.25) of glycoside hydrolase family 77 that transfer alpha-1,4-linked glucans to another acceptor, which can be the 4-OH group of an alpha-1,4-linked glucan or glucose. The amylomaltase-encoding gene (PAE1209) from the hyperthermophilic archaeon Pyrobaculum aerophilum IM2 was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli, and the gene ...
Kim Myungjin - - 2005
Kimchi is a traditional Korean food fermented from a variety of vegetables. We elucidated the microbial community structure of five commercially produced kimchis made from Chinese cabbage by examining culture-independent 16S rRNA gene clone libraries. Most of the clones (347 out of 348) belonged to lactic acid bacteria and included ...
Awika Joseph M - - 2005
The growing prominence of nutrition-related health problems demands strategies that explore nontraditional natural ingredients to expand healthy food alternatives. Specialty sorghums were decorticated using a tangential abrasive dehulling device (TADD) to remove successive bran layers, which were collected at 1 min intervals and analyzed for phenols, tannins, 3-deoxyanthocyanins, dietary fiber, ...
Yang C-M J - - 2005
Peanut stover (PS) is similar to full-bloom alfalfa hay in chemical composition. The objective of this study was to assess the effect of adding raw or heated corn meal to PS at ensiling on silage N components, fermentation acids, and digestion by ruminal microorganisms. The PS was collected after harvesting ...
Cheng Tsung O - - 2006
Tea is one of the most widely consumed beverages in the world, next only to water. It can be categorized into three types, depending on the level of fermentation, i.e., green (unfermented), oolong (partially fermented) and black (fermented) tea. In general, green tea has been found to be superior to ...
Alarcón-Valdez C - - 2005
The present study had two objectives: to determine the best combination of nixtamalized maize flour (NMF) from quality protein maize and extruded chickpea flour (ECF) for producing an infant food, and to evaluate the nutritional properties of the optimized NMF/ECF mixture and the infant food. Response surface methodology (RSM) was ...
Hölker Udo - - 2005
Solid-state fermentation (SSF) has developed in eastern countries over many centuries, and has enjoyed broad application in these regions to date. By contrast, in western countries the technique had to compete with classical submerged fermentation and, because of the increasing pressure of rationalisation and standardisation, it has been widely superseded ...
Klasing Kirk C - - 2005
The dietary preferences, gastrointestinal anatomy, digestive physiology, biochemical capabilities, and commensal microflora of a bird are collectively known as its nutritional strategy. Measurement of hormones in droppings requires an appreciation of an animal's nutritional strategy in order to optimize collection protocols, validate techniques, interpret results, and minimize variability and artifacts. ...
Martínez-Villaluenga Cristina - - 2005
The raffinose family of oligosaccharides (RFOs) isolated from lupin seeds (Lupinus albus var. Multolupa) was evaluated for bifidogenic effects during the manufacture of probiotic fermented milk. A mixed starter inoculum was composed of Bifidobacterium lactis Bb-12 and Lactobacillus acidophilus (1:1). Lupins are a rich source of RFOs that can be ...
Yeh Hsiang-Yu - - 2005
Fiber-rich materials including desalted shoyu mash residue (briefly referred as desalted mash residue, DMR), alcohol-insoluble solid (AIS), and water-insoluble solid (WIS) were prepared from shoyu mash residue, which is a filtration cake obtained during the isolation of shoyu by press filtration of fermented matrix in the final process. The DMR, ...
Hawkins Amanda - - 2005
Pulses such as the chickpea are generally considered to be valuable dietary sources of slowly digestible starch, a form of starch that is considered beneficial to health since it results in relatively low post-meal blood glucose levels compared with more rapidly digested starch. The development of novel chickpea-based foods is ...
Serrano José - - 2005
Green leafy vegetables (Spinacea oleracea, Cnidoscolus aconitifolius, and Solanum americanum) contain a high amount of beta-carotene (27-52 mg/100 g of dry sample) and lutein (140-193 mg/100 g of dry sample). The amount of beta-carotene and lutein released from the food matrix by the action of digestive enzymes ranged from 22 ...
Charles Albert L - - 2005
Five cassava genotypes were investigated to identify the fine amylopectin structures and granule chemical compositions, which differentiated the starches into high (T(o) = 63.7 degrees C on average) and low (57.3 degrees C on average) gelatinization temperatures. The amylose contents (15.9-22.4%) and granular dimensions (12.9-17.2 microm) significantly differed among the ...
Inomata Naoko - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Late-onset anaphylactic reactions without early-phase reactions are rarely reported. The hypothesized mechanism of late-onset anaphylaxis to fermented soybeans is delayed absorption or release into the bowel rather than an immunologic phenomenon. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the mechanisms of late-onset anaphylaxis to fermented soybeans in 2 patients and to characterize the ...
Yamazaki Eiji - - 2005
Dietary fibers were prepared as alkali- and acid-insoluble fractions with chemical phosphorylation from Tossa jute (Corchorus olitorius), defatted soybean (Glycine max), and Shiitake (Lentinula edodes). The dietary fiber fractions treated with alkaline solution containing sodium metaphosphate had the lower protein content and higher total dietary fiber content than those of ...
Yamka R M - - 2005
Eight mature dogs (19.3 +/- 0.1 kg) were used in an experiment to compare the effects of feeding soybeans containing low concentrations of oligosaccharides and phytate on nutrient availability in complete foods fed to dogs. All foods were formulated to be isonitrogenous and contained low-oligosaccharide, low-phytate soybean meal (LLM); conventional ...
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